ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-04-17
    Description: © The Author(s), 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15 (2018): 723, doi:10.3390/ijerph15040723.
    Description: There has been a massive increase in recent years of the use of lead (Pb) isotopes in attempts to better understand sources and pathways of Pb in the environment and in man or experimental animals. Unfortunately, there have been many cases where the quality of the isotopic data, especially that obtained by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (Q-ICP-MS), are questionable, resulting in questionable identification of potential sources, which, in turn, impacts study interpretation and conclusions. We present several cases where the isotopic data have compromised interpretation because of the use of only the major isotopes 208Pb/206Pb and 207Pb/206Pb, or their graphing in other combinations. We also present some examples comparing high precision data from thermal ionization (TIMS) or multi-collector plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) to illustrate the deficiency in the Q-ICP-MS data. In addition, we present cases where Pb isotopic ratios measured on Q-ICP-MS are virtually impossible for terrestrial samples. We also evaluate the Pb isotopic data for rat studies, which had concluded that Pb isotopic fractionation occurs between different organs and suggest that this notion of biological fractionation of Pb as an explanation for isotopic differences is not valid. Overall, the brief review of these case studies shows that Q-ICP-MS as commonly practiced is not a suitable technique for precise and accurate Pb isotopic analysis in the environment and health fields
    Keywords: Lead isotopes ; ICP-MS ; TIMS ; MC-ICP-MS ; Environment ; Humans ; Rats ; Fractionation
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-04-07
    Description: As the last habitable continent colonized by humans, the site of multiple domestication hotspots, and the location of the largest Pleistocene megafaunal extinction, South America is central to human prehistory. Yet remarkably little is known about human population dynamics during colonization, subsequent expansions, and domestication. Here we reconstruct the spatiotemporal patterns of human population growth in South America using a newly aggregated database of 1,147 archaeological sites and 5,464 calibrated radiocarbon dates spanning fourteen thousand to two thousand years ago (ka). We demonstrate that, rather than a steady exponential expansion, the demographic history of South Americans is characterized by two distinct phases. First, humans spread rapidly throughout the continent, but remained at low population sizes for 8,000 years, including a 4,000-year period of 'boom-and-bust' oscillations with no net growth. Supplementation of hunting with domesticated crops and animals had a minimal impact on population carrying capacity. Only with widespread sedentism, beginning ~5 ka, did a second demographic phase begin, with evidence for exponential population growth in cultural hotspots, characteristic of the Neolithic transition worldwide. The unique extent of humanity's ability to modify its environment to markedly increase carrying capacity in South America is therefore an unexpectedly recent phenomenon.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Goldberg, Amy -- Mychajliw, Alexis M -- Hadly, Elizabeth A -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 14;532(7598):232-5. doi: 10.1038/nature17176. Epub 2016 Apr 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Biology Department, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA. ; Woods Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27049941" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Agriculture/history ; Archaeology ; Climate ; Geographic Mapping ; History, Ancient ; Human Migration/*history ; Humans ; Population Dynamics/*history ; Radiometric Dating ; Siberia/ethnology ; South America
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-01-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Tracy, Cameron L -- Dustin, Megan K -- Ewing, Rodney C -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 14;529(7585):149-51. doi: 10.1038/529149a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, California, USA. ; Department of Geological Sciences, Stanford University, California, USA. ; Frank Stanton professor in nuclear security at the Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, California, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26762442" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Humans ; New Mexico ; Plutonium/adverse effects ; *Policy Making ; Radioactive Hazard Release/prevention & control/statistics & numerical data ; *Radioactive Waste/adverse effects ; Risk Assessment ; *Safety/statistics & numerical data
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-03-17
    Description: The energetic burden of continuously concentrating solutes against gradients along the tubule may render the kidney especially vulnerable to ischaemia. Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects 3% of all hospitalized patients. Here we show that the mitochondrial biogenesis regulator, PGC1alpha, is a pivotal determinant of renal recovery from injury by regulating nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) biosynthesis. Following renal ischaemia, Pgc1alpha(-/-) (also known as Ppargc1a(-/-)) mice develop local deficiency of the NAD precursor niacinamide (NAM, also known as nicotinamide), marked fat accumulation, and failure to re-establish normal function. Notably, exogenous NAM improves local NAD levels, fat accumulation, and renal function in post-ischaemic Pgc1alpha(-/-) mice. Inducible tubular transgenic mice (iNephPGC1alpha) recapitulate the effects of NAM supplementation, including more local NAD and less fat accumulation with better renal function after ischaemia. PGC1alpha coordinately upregulates the enzymes that synthesize NAD de novo from amino acids whereas PGC1alpha deficiency or AKI attenuates the de novo pathway. NAM enhances NAD via the enzyme NAMPT and augments production of the fat breakdown product beta-hydroxybutyrate, leading to increased production of prostaglandin PGE2 (ref. 5), a secreted autacoid that maintains renal function. NAM treatment reverses established ischaemic AKI and also prevented AKI in an unrelated toxic model. Inhibition of beta-hydroxybutyrate signalling or prostaglandin production similarly abolishes PGC1alpha-dependent renoprotection. Given the importance of mitochondrial health in ageing and the function of metabolically active organs, the results implicate NAM and NAD as key effectors for achieving PGC1alpha-dependent stress resistance.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Tran, Mei T -- Zsengeller, Zsuzsanna K -- Berg, Anders H -- Khankin, Eliyahu V -- Bhasin, Manoj K -- Kim, Wondong -- Clish, Clary B -- Stillman, Isaac E -- Karumanchi, S Ananth -- Rhee, Eugene P -- Parikh, Samir M -- K08-DK090142/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- K08-DK101560/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- P30-DK079337/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK095072/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01-DK095072/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 24;531(7595):528-32. doi: 10.1038/nature17184. Epub 2016 Mar 16.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Nephrology and Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; Center for Vascular Biology Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; Division of Clinical Chemistry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; Department of Pathology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Core, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; Nephrology and Endocrine Divisions, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA. ; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26982719" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: 3-Hydroxybutyric Acid/metabolism ; Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy/*metabolism ; Adipose Tissue/drug effects/metabolism ; Amino Acids/metabolism ; Animals ; Cytokines/metabolism ; Dinoprostone/biosynthesis/metabolism ; Humans ; Ischemia/drug therapy/metabolism ; Kidney/drug effects/*metabolism/physiology/physiopathology ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Mitochondria/metabolism ; NAD/*biosynthesis ; Niacinamide/deficiency/pharmacology/therapeutic use ; Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase/metabolism ; Oxidation-Reduction ; Signal Transduction/drug effects ; Stress, Physiological ; Transcription Factors/deficiency/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-03-05
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Grayson, Michelle -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):S1. doi: 10.1038/531S1a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26934517" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aging ; Asthma/drug therapy ; Cognition/*physiology ; Cognition Disorders/prevention & control/therapy ; Humans ; Interpersonal Relations ; Meta-Analysis as Topic ; Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-01-29
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Urnov, Fyodor -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 28;529(7587):468-9. doi: 10.1038/529468a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Sangamo BioSciences, Richmond, California 94804, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26819037" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: CRISPR-Associated Proteins/*genetics/*metabolism ; CRISPR-Cas Systems/*physiology ; Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/*genetics ; Endonucleases/*metabolism ; *Genetic Engineering ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Humans
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-03-24
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bolkan, Scott -- Gordon, Joshua A -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 7;532(7597):45-6. doi: 10.1038/nature17311. Epub 2016 Mar 23.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Neuroscience, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA. ; Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27007842" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/*physiopathology/*psychology ; Female ; *Gene Deletion ; Humans ; Male ; Membrane Proteins/*deficiency/*genetics ; Thalamic Nuclei/*physiopathology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2016-01-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Callaway, Ewen -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 14;529(7585):138-9. doi: 10.1038/529138a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26762436" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Africa, Western/epidemiology ; Animals ; Cats ; Chiroptera/*virology ; Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control/statistics & numerical data/veterinary ; Dogs ; Ebolavirus/*isolation & purification ; Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola/*epidemiology/prevention & control/*veterinary/virology ; *Host Specificity ; Humans ; Livestock/virology ; Pets/virology ; Rodentia/virology ; Zoonoses/epidemiology/prevention & control/transmission/virology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Publication Date: 2016-02-11
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Heuckeroth, Robert O -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):44-5. doi: 10.1038/nature16877. Epub 2016 Feb 10.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute and the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26863191" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Cell Lineage ; *Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy ; Drug Discovery/*methods ; Enteric Nervous System/*pathology ; Female ; Hirschsprung Disease/*drug therapy/*pathology ; Humans ; Male ; Neurons/*pathology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-03-05
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bourzac, Katherine -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):S6-8. doi: 10.1038/531S6a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26934525" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adult ; Biomedical Enhancement/*methods ; Brain/*physiology ; Female ; Humans ; Intelligence Tests ; Male ; Memory/physiology ; Patient Safety ; Reproducibility of Results ; Self Care/adverse effects ; *Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation/adverse effects ; *Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation ; Uncertainty
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 11
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-03-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Gilbert, Natasha -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 17;531(7594):S56-7. doi: 10.1038/531S56a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26981729" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Affect ; Health Behavior ; Humans ; Mental Health/*statistics & numerical data ; *Nature ; Parks, Recreational/*statistics & numerical data ; Urban Population
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 12
    Publication Date: 2016-01-07
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Betsholtz, Christer -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 14;529(7585):160-1. doi: 10.1038/nature16866. Epub 2016 Jan 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology at Uppsala University, and the Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics at the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26735011" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Endothelium, Vascular/*growth & development/*metabolism ; Female ; Forkhead Transcription Factors/*metabolism ; Humans ; Male
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 13
    Publication Date: 2016-02-06
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Callaway, Ewen -- England -- Nature. 2016 Feb 4;530(7588):18. doi: 10.1038/nature.2016.19270.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26842037" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: CRISPR-Cas Systems/*genetics ; Developmental Biology/ethics/legislation & jurisprudence/methods ; Embryo Research/ethics/*legislation & jurisprudence ; Embryo, Mammalian/embryology/metabolism ; Genetic Engineering/ethics/*legislation & jurisprudence ; Genome, Human/genetics ; Great Britain ; Humans ; Reproductive Techniques, Assisted/legislation & jurisprudence ; Research Personnel/*legislation & jurisprudence
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 14
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-12
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hodson, Richard -- England -- Nature. 2016 May 11;533(7602):S53. doi: 10.1038/533S53a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27167389" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Azepines ; *Cooperative Behavior ; *Diffusion of Innovation ; *Drug Discovery ; Drug Industry ; Humans ; *Information Dissemination ; Neglected Diseases ; *Open Access Publishing ; Triazoles ; Tropical Medicine
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 15
    Publication Date: 2016-03-24
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hollon, Nick G -- Phillips, Paul E M -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 31;531(7596):588-9. doi: 10.1038/nature17314. Epub 2016 Mar 23.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. ; Department of Psychiatry &Behavioral Sciences and the Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27007851" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Decision Making ; Humans ; Male ; Neurons/*metabolism ; Nucleus Accumbens/*cytology/*metabolism ; Receptors, Dopamine D2/*metabolism ; *Risk Management
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 16
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-12
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Holmes, David -- England -- Nature. 2016 May 11;533(7602):S54-5. doi: 10.1038/533S54a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27167390" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Access to Information ; Biological Science Disciplines ; *Cooperative Behavior ; *Diffusion of Innovation ; Drug Discovery ; Humans ; *Information Dissemination
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 17
    Publication Date: 2016-05-07
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cherp, Aleh -- Jewell, Jessica -- England -- Nature. 2016 May 5;533(7601):36. doi: 10.1038/533036b.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Central European University, Budapest, Hungary. ; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27147023" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Fukushima Nuclear Accident ; Humans ; Research/*trends
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 18
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-04-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Chi, Kelly Rae -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 14;532(7598):269-71. doi: 10.1038/532269a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27075102" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aged, 80 and over ; Biopsy/economics/*methods ; Blood Platelets/cytology ; DNA Mutational Analysis/economics/methods ; DNA, Neoplasm/*blood/genetics ; Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics ; Exosomes/genetics ; Female ; Humans ; Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis/genetics ; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/blood/diagnosis/genetics ; Neoplasms/*blood/*diagnosis/drug therapy/genetics ; Neoplastic Cells, Circulating/metabolism ; Phagocytosis ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Reproducibility of Results ; Sensitivity and Specificity
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 19
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-03-05
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Chi, Kelly Rae -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):S16-7. doi: 10.1038/531S16a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26934521" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Brain/*anatomy & histology/*physiology ; Cognition/*physiology ; Computer Simulation ; Humans ; Models, Anatomic ; *Models, Neurological ; Neocortex/physiology ; Neurons/physiology ; Rats
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 20
    Publication Date: 2016-01-08
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Yuan, Peng -- Wang, Long -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 7;529(7584):25. doi: 10.1038/529025a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26738582" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Child ; Child Rearing ; Child, Abandoned/*psychology/*statistics & numerical data ; China ; Humans ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Transients and Migrants/*statistics & numerical data
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 21
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-04-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Khurana, Ekta -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 14;532(7598):181-2. doi: 10.1038/532181a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Meyer Cancer Center and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10065, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27075092" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: DNA/*genetics/*metabolism ; DNA Repair/*genetics ; DNA-Binding Proteins/*metabolism ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Humans ; Melanoma/*genetics ; Mutagenesis/*genetics ; *Mutation Rate ; Neoplasms/*genetics ; Promoter Regions, Genetic/*genetics ; Transcription Factors/*metabolism ; *Transcription Initiation, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 22
    Publication Date: 2016-03-31
    Description: Brown and beige adipose tissues can dissipate chemical energy as heat through thermogenic respiration, which requires uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1). Thermogenesis from these adipocytes can combat obesity and diabetes, encouraging investigation of factors that control UCP1-dependent respiration in vivo. Here we show that acutely activated thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue is defined by a substantial increase in levels of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). Remarkably, this process supports in vivo thermogenesis, as pharmacological depletion of mitochondrial ROS results in hypothermia upon cold exposure, and inhibits UCP1-dependent increases in whole-body energy expenditure. We further establish that thermogenic ROS alter the redox status of cysteine thiols in brown adipose tissue to drive increased respiration, and that Cys253 of UCP1 is a key target. UCP1 Cys253 is sulfenylated during thermogenesis, while mutation of this site desensitizes the purine-nucleotide-inhibited state of the carrier to adrenergic activation and uncoupling. These studies identify mitochondrial ROS induction in brown adipose tissue as a mechanism that supports UCP1-dependent thermogenesis and whole-body energy expenditure, which opens the way to improved therapeutic strategies for combating metabolic disorders.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Chouchani, Edward T -- Kazak, Lawrence -- Jedrychowski, Mark P -- Lu, Gina Z -- Erickson, Brian K -- Szpyt, John -- Pierce, Kerry A -- Laznik-Bogoslavski, Dina -- Vetrivelan, Ramalingam -- Clish, Clary B -- Robinson, Alan J -- Gygi, Steve P -- Spiegelman, Bruce M -- DK31405/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 7;532(7597):112-6. doi: 10.1038/nature17399. Epub 2016 Mar 30.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. ; Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; MRC Mitochondrial Biology Unit, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27027295" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adipose Tissue, Brown/chemistry/cytology/metabolism ; Animals ; Cell Respiration ; Cysteine/*chemistry/genetics/metabolism ; *Energy Metabolism/drug effects ; Female ; Humans ; Ion Channels/*chemistry/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Mitochondria/drug effects/*metabolism ; Mitochondrial Proteins/*chemistry/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; Mutant Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism ; Oxidation-Reduction ; Reactive Oxygen Species/*metabolism ; Sulfhydryl Compounds/metabolism ; *Thermogenesis/drug effects
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 23
    Publication Date: 2016-04-14
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Chu, Derrick M -- Aagaard, Kjersti M -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 21;532(7599):316-7. doi: 10.1038/nature17887. Epub 2016 Apr 13.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. ; Departments of Molecular and Human Genetics, Molecular and Cell Biology, and Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Baylor College of Medicine.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27074514" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Child, Preschool ; Chronic Disease ; Clostridium symbiosum/isolation & purification/physiology ; Diet/adverse effects/methods ; Feces/microbiology ; Female ; Germ-Free Life ; Growth Disorders/*diet therapy/etiology/*microbiology ; Healthy Volunteers ; Humans ; Infant ; Intestines/drug effects/*microbiology ; Liver/metabolism ; Malawi ; Malnutrition/complications/*diet therapy/*microbiology ; Mice ; Microbiota/drug effects/genetics/*physiology ; Milk, Human/chemistry/microbiology ; Mothers ; Oligosaccharides/analysis/pharmacology/therapeutic use ; Ruminococcus/isolation & purification/physiology ; Somatomedins/biosynthesis ; Weight Gain/drug effects
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 24
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-01-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Koerth-Baker, Maggie -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 14;529(7585):146-8. doi: 10.1038/529146a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26762441" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adult ; Behavioral Research/methods/*trends ; *Boredom ; Brain Injuries/psychology ; Child ; Exploratory Behavior ; Humans ; Neuropsychology/trends ; Psychology/*methods/*trends ; Risk-Taking ; Self Report ; Sociology/trends ; Students/psychology ; Task Performance and Analysis ; Video Recording
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 25
    Publication Date: 2016-01-07
    Description: CRISPR-Cas9 nucleases are widely used for genome editing but can induce unwanted off-target mutations. Existing strategies for reducing genome-wide off-target effects of the widely used Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 (SpCas9) are imperfect, possessing only partial or unproven efficacies and other limitations that constrain their use. Here we describe SpCas9-HF1, a high-fidelity variant harbouring alterations designed to reduce non-specific DNA contacts. SpCas9-HF1 retains on-target activities comparable to wild-type SpCas9 with 〉85% of single-guide RNAs (sgRNAs) tested in human cells. Notably, with sgRNAs targeted to standard non-repetitive sequences, SpCas9-HF1 rendered all or nearly all off-target events undetectable by genome-wide break capture and targeted sequencing methods. Even for atypical, repetitive target sites, the vast majority of off-target mutations induced by wild-type SpCas9 were not detected with SpCas9-HF1. With its exceptional precision, SpCas9-HF1 provides an alternative to wild-type SpCas9 for research and therapeutic applications. More broadly, our results suggest a general strategy for optimizing genome-wide specificities of other CRISPR-RNA-guided nucleases.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kleinstiver, Benjamin P -- Pattanayak, Vikram -- Prew, Michelle S -- Tsai, Shengdar Q -- Nguyen, Nhu T -- Zheng, Zongli -- Joung, J Keith -- DP1 GM105378/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/ -- R01 GM088040/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM107427/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 28;529(7587):490-5. doi: 10.1038/nature16526. Epub 2016 Jan 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Molecular Pathology Unit, Center for Cancer Research, and Center for Computational and Integrative Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA. ; Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Department of Biomedical Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26735016" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Base Sequence ; CRISPR-Associated Proteins/*genetics/*metabolism ; CRISPR-Cas Systems/*physiology ; Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/*genetics ; DNA/genetics/metabolism ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Endonucleases/genetics/*metabolism ; *Genetic Engineering ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Humans ; Mutation ; Protein Binding ; RNA/genetics ; Reproducibility of Results ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Streptococcus pyogenes/enzymology/genetics ; Substrate Specificity
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 26
    Publication Date: 2016-03-17
    Description: Lung metastasis is the lethal determinant in many cancers and a number of lines of evidence point to monocytes and macrophages having key roles in its development. Yet little is known about the immediate fate of incoming tumour cells as they colonize this tissue, and even less known about how they make first contact with the immune system. Primary tumours liberate circulating tumour cells (CTCs) into the blood and we have developed a stable intravital two-photon lung imaging model in mice for direct observation of the arrival of CTCs and subsequent host interaction. Here we show dynamic generation of tumour microparticles in shear flow in the capillaries within minutes of CTC entry. Rather than dispersing under flow, many of these microparticles remain attached to the lung vasculature or independently migrate along the inner walls of vessels. Using fluorescent lineage reporters and flow cytometry, we observed 'waves' of distinct myeloid cell subsets that load differentially and sequentially with this CTC-derived material. Many of these tumour-ingesting myeloid cells collectively accumulated in the lung interstitium along with the successful metastatic cells and, as previously understood, promote the development of successful metastases from surviving tumour cells. Although the numbers of these cells rise globally in the lung with metastatic exposure and ingesting myeloid cells undergo phenotypic changes associated with microparticle ingestion, a consistently sparse population of resident conventional dendritic cells, among the last cells to interact with CTCs, confer anti-metastatic protection. This work reveals that CTC fragmentation generates immune-interacting intermediates, and defines a competitive relationship between phagocyte populations for tumour loading during metastatic cell seeding.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Headley, Mark B -- Bins, Adriaan -- Nip, Alyssa -- Roberts, Edward W -- Looney, Mark R -- Gerard, Audrey -- Krummel, Matthew F -- P01 HL024136/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- R21 CA167601/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R21CA167601/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U54 CA163123/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 24;531(7595):513-7. doi: 10.1038/nature16985. Epub 2016 Mar 16.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Ave, HSW512, San Francisco, California 94143-0511, USA. ; Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, Meibergdreef, 91105AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands. ; Departments of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Avenue, HSW512, California 94143-0511, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26982733" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Capillaries/pathology ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Cell Lineage ; *Cell Movement ; Dendritic Cells/cytology/immunology ; Female ; Genes, Reporter/genetics ; Humans ; Lung/blood supply/cytology/*immunology/*pathology ; Lung Neoplasms/*immunology/pathology/*secondary ; Male ; Melanoma, Experimental/immunology/pathology ; Mice ; Microscopy, Confocal ; Myeloid Cells/cytology ; Neoplasm Metastasis/*immunology/*pathology ; Neoplastic Cells, Circulating/pathology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 27
    Publication Date: 2016-04-30
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Nardone, Roland M -- MacLeod, Roderick A F -- Capes-Davis, Amanda -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 21;532(7599):313.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27127813" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Line, Tumor ; DNA Contamination ; Databases, Factual ; *Disease Models, Animal ; Guidelines as Topic ; Heterografts/*standards ; Humans ; National Cancer Institute (U.S.) ; Neoplasms/*pathology ; Quality Control ; Reproducibility of Results ; United States ; Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays/*standards
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 28
    Publication Date: 2016-04-15
    Description: Promoters are DNA sequences that have an essential role in controlling gene expression. While recent whole cancer genome analyses have identified numerous hotspots of somatic point mutations within promoters, many have not yet been shown to perturb gene expression or drive cancer development. As such, positive selection alone may not adequately explain the frequency of promoter point mutations in cancer genomes. Here we show that increased mutation density at gene promoters can be linked to promoter activity and differential nucleotide excision repair (NER). By analysing 1,161 human cancer genomes across 14 cancer types, we find evidence for increased local density of somatic point mutations within the centres of DNase I-hypersensitive sites (DHSs) in gene promoters. Mutated DHSs were strongly associated with transcription initiation activity, in which active promoters but not enhancers of equal DNase I hypersensitivity were most mutated relative to their flanking regions. Notably, analysis of genome-wide maps of NER shows that NER is impaired within the DHS centre of active gene promoters, while XPC-deficient skin cancers do not show increased promoter mutation density, pinpointing differential NER as the underlying cause of these mutation hotspots. Consistent with this finding, we observe that melanomas with an ultraviolet-induced DNA damage mutation signature show greatest enrichment of promoter mutations, whereas cancers that are not highly dependent on NER, such as colon cancer, show no sign of such enrichment. Taken together, our analysis has uncovered the presence of a previously unknown mechanism linking transcription initiation and NER as a major contributor of somatic point mutation hotspots at active gene promoters in cancer genomes.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Perera, Dilmi -- Poulos, Rebecca C -- Shah, Anushi -- Beck, Dominik -- Pimanda, John E -- Wong, Jason W H -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 14;532(7598):259-63. doi: 10.1038/nature17437.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Prince of Wales Clinical School and Lowy Cancer Research Centre, UNSW Australia, Sydney 2052, Australia. ; Department of Haematology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney 2031, Australia.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27075100" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Colonic Neoplasms/genetics ; DNA Damage/genetics ; DNA Repair/*genetics/radiation effects ; Deoxyribonuclease I/metabolism ; Enhancer Elements, Genetic/genetics ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Humans ; Lung Neoplasms/genetics ; Melanoma/genetics ; Mutagenesis/*genetics ; *Mutation Rate ; Neoplasms/*genetics ; Point Mutation/genetics ; Promoter Regions, Genetic/*genetics ; *Transcription Initiation, Genetic ; Ultraviolet Rays
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 29
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-03-05
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Dance, Amber -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):S2-3. doi: 10.1038/531S2a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26934523" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aging ; Amphetamines/adverse effects/pharmacology ; Animals ; Benzhydryl Compounds/pharmacology ; Biomedical Enhancement/ethics/*methods ; Caffeine/pharmacology ; Child ; Cognition/drug effects ; Dopamine/metabolism ; Healthy Volunteers ; Humans ; Intelligence/*drug effects ; Intelligence Tests ; Methylphenidate/adverse effects/pharmacology ; Neurotransmitter Agents/metabolism ; Nicotine/adverse effects/pharmacology ; Norepinephrine/metabolism ; Off-Label Use ; Performance-Enhancing Substances/adverse effects/*pharmacology ; Prefrontal Cortex/drug effects/physiology ; Rats ; Substance-Related Disorders/etiology ; Video Games/psychology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 30
    Publication Date: 2016-04-29
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Qiu, Jane -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 28;532(7600):428-31. doi: 10.1038/532428a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27121822" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Altitude ; Disasters/*prevention & control/*statistics & numerical data ; Earthquakes/mortality/*statistics & numerical data ; *Forecasting ; Humans ; Landslides/mortality/*statistics & numerical data ; Nepal ; Rain
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 31
    Publication Date: 2016-04-07
    Description: The serotonin transporter (SERT) terminates serotonergic signalling through the sodium- and chloride-dependent reuptake of neurotransmitter into presynaptic neurons. SERT is a target for antidepressant and psychostimulant drugs, which block reuptake and prolong neurotransmitter signalling. Here we report X-ray crystallographic structures of human SERT at 3.15 A resolution bound to the antidepressants (S)-citalopram or paroxetine. Antidepressants lock SERT in an outward-open conformation by lodging in the central binding site, located between transmembrane helices 1, 3, 6, 8 and 10, directly blocking serotonin binding. We further identify the location of an allosteric site in the complex as residing at the periphery of the extracellular vestibule, interposed between extracellular loops 4 and 6 and transmembrane helices 1, 6, 10 and 11. Occupancy of the allosteric site sterically hinders ligand unbinding from the central site, providing an explanation for the action of (S)-citalopram as an allosteric ligand. These structures define the mechanism of antidepressant action in SERT, and provide blueprints for future drug design.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Coleman, Jonathan A -- Green, Evan M -- Gouaux, Eric -- 5R37MH070039/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R37 MH070039/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 21;532(7599):334-9. doi: 10.1038/nature17629. Epub 2016 Apr 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Vollum Institute, Oregon Health &Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA. ; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Health &Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27049939" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Allosteric Regulation/drug effects ; Allosteric Site/drug effects ; Antidepressive Agents/chemistry/metabolism/pharmacology ; Citalopram/chemistry/metabolism/pharmacology ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/chemistry ; Drug Design ; Extracellular Space/metabolism ; Humans ; Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments/immunology ; Intracellular Space/metabolism ; Ions/chemistry/metabolism ; Ligands ; Models, Molecular ; Paroxetine/chemistry/metabolism/pharmacology ; Protein Binding/drug effects ; Protein Conformation/drug effects ; Protein Stability ; Serotonin/metabolism ; Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/*chemistry/immunology/*metabolism ; Structure-Activity Relationship
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 32
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-01-29
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 28;529(7587):437. doi: 10.1038/529437a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26819006" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Artificial Intelligence ; Games, Recreational ; Humans ; *Intuition ; Neural Networks (Computer) ; *Software
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 33
    Publication Date: 2016-01-08
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cyranoski, David -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 7;529(7584):9-10. doi: 10.1038/529009a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26738574" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: China ; *Federal Government ; Genome, Human/genetics ; Genomics/economics/manpower/trends ; Humans ; Physicians/supply & distribution ; Population Density ; Precision Medicine/economics/*trends ; Reproducibility of Results
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 34
    Publication Date: 2016-04-29
    Description: Umbilical cord blood-derived haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are essential for many life-saving regenerative therapies. However, despite their advantages for transplantation, their clinical use is restricted because HSCs in cord blood are found only in small numbers. Small molecules that enhance haematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) expansion in culture have been identified, but in many cases their mechanisms of action or the nature of the pathways they impinge on are poorly understood. A greater understanding of the molecular circuitry that underpins the self-renewal of human HSCs will facilitate the development of targeted strategies that expand HSCs for regenerative therapies. Whereas transcription factor networks have been shown to influence the self-renewal and lineage decisions of human HSCs, the post-transcriptional mechanisms that guide HSC fate have not been closely investigated. Here we show that overexpression of the RNA-binding protein Musashi-2 (MSI2) induces multiple pro-self-renewal phenotypes, including a 17-fold increase in short-term repopulating cells and a net 23-fold ex vivo expansion of long-term repopulating HSCs. By performing a global analysis of MSI2-RNA interactions, we show that MSI2 directly attenuates aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) signalling through post-transcriptional downregulation of canonical AHR pathway components in cord blood HSPCs. Our study gives mechanistic insight into RNA networks controlled by RNA-binding proteins that underlie self-renewal and provides evidence that manipulating such networks ex vivo can enhance the regenerative potential of human HSCs.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4880456/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4880456/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Rentas, Stefan -- Holzapfel, Nicholas T -- Belew, Muluken S -- Pratt, Gabriel A -- Voisin, Veronique -- Wilhelm, Brian T -- Bader, Gary D -- Yeo, Gene W -- Hope, Kristin J -- HG004659/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- MOP-126030/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- NS075449/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 28;532(7600):508-11. doi: 10.1038/nature17665.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, Stem Cell and Cancer Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada. ; Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Institute for Genomic Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. ; Bioinformatics Graduate Program, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. ; The Donnelly Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E1, Canada. ; Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. ; Department of Physiology, National University of Singapore and Molecular Engineering Laboratory, A*STAR, Singapore 138632, Singapore.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27121842" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Base Sequence ; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics/*metabolism ; Cell Count ; *Cell Self Renewal/genetics ; Down-Regulation/genetics ; Female ; Fetal Blood/cytology ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Hematopoietic Stem Cells/*cytology/*metabolism ; Humans ; Male ; Mice ; Protein Binding ; RNA, Messenger/genetics/metabolism ; RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/genetics/*metabolism ; *Signal Transduction/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 35
    Publication Date: 2016-01-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cyranoski, David -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 14;529(7585):136-7. doi: 10.1038/529136a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26762435" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Diffusion of Innovation ; *Federal Government ; History, 21st Century ; Humans ; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/diagnosis/*epidemiology/prevention & control ; Taiwan/epidemiology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 36
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-04-26
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cyranoski, David -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 21;532(7599):300-2. doi: 10.1038/532300a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Nature from Shanghai, China.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27111614" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animal Husbandry ; Animal Welfare/economics/legislation & jurisprudence/standards ; Animals ; *Animals, Laboratory/genetics ; Biological Evolution ; Biomedical Research/economics/legislation & jurisprudence/*methods/*trends ; CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics ; Callithrix ; China ; Cooperative Behavior ; Disease Models, Animal ; Genetic Engineering ; *Haplorhini/genetics ; Humans ; International Cooperation ; Japan ; Neurosciences/methods/trends ; Research Personnel/organization & administration
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 37
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-13
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉England -- Nature. 2016 Feb 11;530(7589):129. doi: 10.1038/530129a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26863943" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Brazil/epidemiology ; Databases, Factual/utilization ; Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data ; Evidence-Based Medicine ; Humans ; *Information Dissemination ; Microcephaly/*epidemiology/etiology/virology ; *Open Access Publishing ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Time Factors ; World Health Organization ; *Zika Virus/genetics/pathogenicity ; Zika Virus Infection/*epidemiology/virology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 38
    Publication Date: 2016-05-07
    Description: Despite the magnitude of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa, there is still a fundamental lack of knowledge about the pathophysiology of EVD. In particular, very little is known about human immune responses to Ebola virus. Here we evaluate the physiology of the human T cell immune response in EVD patients at the time of admission to the Ebola Treatment Center in Guinea, and longitudinally until discharge or death. Through the use of multiparametric flow cytometry established by the European Mobile Laboratory in the field, we identify an immune signature that is unique in EVD fatalities. Fatal EVD was characterized by a high percentage of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells expressing the inhibitory molecules CTLA-4 and PD-1, which correlated with elevated inflammatory markers and high virus load. Conversely, surviving individuals showed significantly lower expression of CTLA-4 and PD-1 as well as lower inflammation, despite comparable overall T cell activation. Concomitant with virus clearance, survivors mounted a robust Ebola-virus-specific T cell response. Our findings suggest that dysregulation of the T cell response is a key component of EVD pathophysiology.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4876960/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4876960/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ruibal, Paula -- Oestereich, Lisa -- Ludtke, Anja -- Becker-Ziaja, Beate -- Wozniak, David M -- Kerber, Romy -- Korva, Misa -- Cabeza-Cabrerizo, Mar -- Bore, Joseph A -- Koundouno, Fara Raymond -- Duraffour, Sophie -- Weller, Romy -- Thorenz, Anja -- Cimini, Eleonora -- Viola, Domenico -- Agrati, Chiara -- Repits, Johanna -- Afrough, Babak -- Cowley, Lauren A -- Ngabo, Didier -- Hinzmann, Julia -- Mertens, Marc -- Vitoriano, Ines -- Logue, Christopher H -- Boettcher, Jan Peter -- Pallasch, Elisa -- Sachse, Andreas -- Bah, Amadou -- Nitzsche, Katja -- Kuisma, Eeva -- Michel, Janine -- Holm, Tobias -- Zekeng, Elsa-Gayle -- Garcia-Dorival, Isabel -- Wolfel, Roman -- Stoecker, Kilian -- Fleischmann, Erna -- Strecker, Thomas -- Di Caro, Antonino -- Avsic-Zupanc, Tatjana -- Kurth, Andreas -- Meschi, Silvia -- Mely, Stephane -- Newman, Edmund -- Bocquin, Anne -- Kis, Zoltan -- Kelterbaum, Anne -- Molkenthin, Peter -- Carletti, Fabrizio -- Portmann, Jasmine -- Wolff, Svenja -- Castilletti, Concetta -- Schudt, Gordian -- Fizet, Alexandra -- Ottowell, Lisa J -- Herker, Eva -- Jacobs, Thomas -- Kretschmer, Birte -- Severi, Ettore -- Ouedraogo, Nobila -- Lago, Mar -- Negredo, Anabel -- Franco, Leticia -- Anda, Pedro -- Schmiedel, Stefan -- Kreuels, Benno -- Wichmann, Dominic -- Addo, Marylyn M -- Lohse, Ansgar W -- De Clerck, Hilde -- Nanclares, Carolina -- Jonckheere, Sylvie -- Van Herp, Michel -- Sprecher, Armand -- Xiaojiang, Gao -- Carrington, Mary -- Miranda, Osvaldo -- Castro, Carlos M -- Gabriel, Martin -- Drury, Patrick -- Formenty, Pierre -- Diallo, Boubacar -- Koivogui, Lamine -- Magassouba, N'Faly -- Carroll, Miles W -- Gunther, Stephan -- Munoz-Fontela, Cesar -- HHSN261200800001E/PHS HHS/ -- Z01 BC010791-01/Intramural NIH HHS/ -- Z01 BC010791-02/Intramural NIH HHS/ -- Z01 BC010792-01/Intramural NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2016 May 5;533(7601):100-4. doi: 10.1038/nature17949.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Heinrich Pette Institute, Leibniz Institute for Experimental Virology, 20251 Hamburg, Germany. ; Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Arbovirus and Hemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, 20359 Hamburg, Germany. ; German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Sites Hamburg, Munich, and Marburg, Germany. ; European Mobile Laboratory Consortium, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, D-20359 Hamburg, Germany. ; Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. ; Institute of Experimental Virology, Twincore, Center for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, 30625 Hannover, Germany. ; Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany. ; National Institute for Infectious Diseases 'Lazzaro Spallanzani', 00149 Rome, Italy. ; Public Health England, Porton Down, Salisbury SP4 0JG, UK. ; Public Health England, Colindale Ave, London NW9 5EQ, UK. ; Robert Koch Institute, 13353 Berlin, Germany. ; Friedrich Loeffler Institute, 17493 Greifswald-Island of Riems, Germany. ; Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, 4051 Basel, Switzerland. ; Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7BE, UK. ; Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, 80937 Munich, Germany. ; Institute of Virology, Philipps University, 35043 Marburg, Germany. ; Laboratoire P4-Jean Merieux, US003 INSERM, 69365 Lyon, France. ; National Center for Epidemiology, Hungarian National Biosafety Laboratory, H1097 Budapest, Hungary. ; European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 171 65 Solna, Sweden. ; Federal Office for Civil Protection, CH-3700 Spiez, Switzerland. ; Unite de Biologie des Infections Virales Emergentes, Institut Pasteur, 69365 Lyon, France. ; Eurice, European Research and Project Office, 10115 Berlin, Germany. ; Infectious Diseases Unit, Internal Medicine Service, Hospital La Paz, 28046 Madrid, Spain. ; National Center of Microbiology, Institute of Health 'Carlos III', 28220 Madrid, Spain. ; University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany. ; Medecins sans Frontieres, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. ; Cancer and Inflammation Program, Laboratory of Experimental Immunology, Leidos Biomedical Research, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, Maryland 21702, USA. ; Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA. ; Hospital Militar Central Dr. Carlos J. Finlay, 11400 Havana, Cuba. ; World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. ; Institut National de Sante Publique, 2101 Conakry, Guinea. ; Universite Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, CHU Donka, 2101 Conakry, Guinea.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27147028" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: CTLA-4 Antigen/metabolism ; Ebolavirus/*immunology ; Female ; Flow Cytometry ; Guinea/epidemiology ; Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola/*immunology/mortality/*physiopathology ; Humans ; Inflammation Mediators/immunology ; Longitudinal Studies ; Lymphocyte Activation ; Male ; Patient Discharge ; Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism ; Survivors ; T-Lymphocytes/*immunology/metabolism ; Viral Load
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 39
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-07
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉England -- Nature. 2016 May 5;533(7601):8. doi: 10.1038/533008a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27146997" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adiposity/physiology ; Animals ; Athletes ; Bicycling/physiology ; Brain/anatomy & histology/metabolism ; Dietary Fats/administration & dosage/metabolism ; Energy Metabolism/*physiology ; Heart Rate ; Hominidae/anatomy & histology/metabolism ; Humans ; Male
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 40
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-03-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉DeClerck, Fabrice -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 17;531(7594):305. doi: 10.1038/531305e.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Bioversity International - CGIAR, Montpellier, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26983528" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Agriculture/*trends ; *Biodiversity ; Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Food Supply ; Goals ; Humans ; United Nations
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 41
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-12
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Laursen, Lucas -- England -- Nature. 2016 May 11;533(7602):S68-9. doi: 10.1038/533S68a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27167396" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Access to Information ; Biomedical Research/economics/*methods ; Drug Discovery/economics/*methods ; Drug Industry/economics/*methods ; Humans ; *Information Dissemination ; Intellectual Property ; Neglected Diseases/*drug therapy/economics ; Praziquantel/chemical synthesis/chemistry ; Schistosomiasis/drug therapy ; Time Factors ; Tropical Medicine/economics/*methods
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 42
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-07
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉England -- Nature. 2016 May 5;533(7601):7. doi: 10.1038/533007a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27146996" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Americas ; *Bone and Bones/metabolism ; Burial/ethics/*legislation & jurisprudence ; Dissent and Disputes/*legislation & jurisprudence ; *Federal Government ; Genome, Human/genetics ; Genomics ; History, Ancient ; Human Migration/history ; Humans ; Indians, North American/classification/genetics/*legislation & jurisprudence ; Indians, South American/classification/genetics/legislation & jurisprudence ; *Phylogeny ; Research Personnel/*legislation & jurisprudence ; United States ; Washington
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 43
    Publication Date: 2016-04-15
    Description: Somatic mutations are the driving force of cancer genome evolution. The rate of somatic mutations appears to be greatly variable across the genome due to variations in chromatin organization, DNA accessibility and replication timing. However, other variables that may influence the mutation rate locally are unknown, such as a role for DNA-binding proteins, for example. Here we demonstrate that the rate of somatic mutations in melanomas is highly increased at active transcription factor binding sites and nucleosome embedded DNA, compared to their flanking regions. Using recently available excision-repair sequencing (XR-seq) data, we show that the higher mutation rate at these sites is caused by a decrease of the levels of nucleotide excision repair (NER) activity. Our work demonstrates that DNA-bound proteins interfere with the NER machinery, which results in an increased rate of DNA mutations at the protein binding sites. This finding has important implications for our understanding of mutational and DNA repair processes and in the identification of cancer driver mutations.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Sabarinathan, Radhakrishnan -- Mularoni, Loris -- Deu-Pons, Jordi -- Gonzalez-Perez, Abel -- Lopez-Bigas, Nuria -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 14;532(7598):264-7. doi: 10.1038/nature17661.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Research Program on Biomedical Informatics, IMIM Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute and Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Doctor Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain. ; Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats (ICREA), Passeig Lluis Companys 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27075101" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Binding Sites ; DNA/*genetics/*metabolism ; *DNA Repair ; DNA, Neoplasm/genetics/metabolism ; DNA-Binding Proteins/*metabolism ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics ; Genome, Human/genetics ; Humans ; Lung Neoplasms/genetics ; Melanoma/*genetics ; Mutagenesis/*genetics ; *Mutation Rate ; Nucleosomes/genetics/metabolism ; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics ; Protein Binding ; Transcription Factors/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 44
    Publication Date: 2016-01-21
    Description: Ubiquitination is a central process affecting all facets of cellular signalling and function. A critical step in ubiquitination is the transfer of ubiquitin from an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme to a substrate or a growing ubiquitin chain, which is mediated by E3 ubiquitin ligases. RING-type E3 ligases typically facilitate the transfer of ubiquitin from the E2 directly to the substrate. The RING-between-RING (RBR) family of RING-type E3 ligases, however, breaks this paradigm by forming a covalent intermediate with ubiquitin similarly to HECT-type E3 ligases. The RBR family includes Parkin and HOIP, the central catalytic factor of the LUBAC (linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex). While structural insights into the RBR E3 ligases Parkin and HHARI in their overall auto-inhibited forms are available, no structures exist of intact fully active RBR E3 ligases or any of their complexes. Thus, the RBR mechanism of action has remained largely unknown. Here we present the first structure, to our knowledge, of the fully active human HOIP RBR in its transfer complex with an E2~ubiquitin conjugate, which elucidates the intricate nature of RBR E3 ligases. The active HOIP RBR adopts a conformation markedly different from that of auto-inhibited RBRs. HOIP RBR binds the E2~ubiquitin conjugate in an elongated fashion, with the E2 and E3 catalytic centres ideally aligned for ubiquitin transfer, which structurally both requires and enables a HECT-like mechanism. In addition, three distinct helix-IBR-fold motifs inherent to RBRs form ubiquitin-binding regions that engage the activated ubiquitin of the E2~ubiquitin conjugate and, surprisingly, an additional regulatory ubiquitin molecule. The features uncovered reveal critical states of the HOIP RBR E3 ligase cycle, and comparison with Parkin and HHARI suggests a general mechanism for RBR E3 ligases.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lechtenberg, Bernhard C -- Rajput, Akhil -- Sanishvili, Ruslan -- Dobaczewska, Malgorzata K -- Ware, Carl F -- Mace, Peter D -- Riedl, Stefan J -- P30 CA030199/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30CA030199/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01AA017238/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 28;529(7587):546-50. doi: 10.1038/nature16511. Epub 2016 Jan 20.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉NCI-Designated Cancer Center, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. ; Infectious and Inflammatory Disease Center, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. ; X-ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA. ; Biochemistry Department, University of Otago, 710 Cumberland Street, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26789245" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Allosteric Regulation ; Amino Acid Motifs ; Catalytic Domain ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Humans ; Models, Molecular ; Multiprotein Complexes/*chemistry/*metabolism ; *RING Finger Domains ; Ubiquitin/*chemistry/metabolism ; Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes/*chemistry/metabolism ; Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/*chemistry/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 45
    Publication Date: 2016-03-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Abbott, Alison -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 17;531(7594):294-7. doi: 10.1038/531294a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26983522" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alzheimer Disease/*etiology/metabolism/pathology ; Amyloid/administration & dosage/adverse effects/chemistry/metabolism ; Amyloid beta-Peptides/administration & dosage/adverse ; effects/chemistry/metabolism ; Animals ; Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/epidemiology/etiology/metabolism/pathology ; Drug Contamination ; Great Britain/epidemiology ; Growth Hormone/administration & dosage ; Humans ; Mice ; *Models, Biological ; Parkinson Disease/etiology/metabolism/pathology ; Prions/administration & dosage/adverse effects/chemistry/metabolism ; alpha-Synuclein/administration & dosage/adverse effects/chemistry/metabolism ; tau Proteins/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 46
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2016-04-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Frank, John -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 14;532(7598):149. doi: 10.1038/532149a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉University of Edinburgh, UK, and is professor emeritus at the University of Toronto, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27075060" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage ; Commerce/statistics & numerical data ; Computers/utilization ; Diet/economics/statistics & numerical data ; *Empirical Research ; Feces/microbiology ; Food/economics/statistics & numerical data ; Humans ; Internationality ; Obesity/economics/*epidemiology/*etiology ; Overweight/economics/epidemiology ; Pandemics/economics/*statistics & numerical data ; Prevalence ; Sedentary Lifestyle ; Television/utilization
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 47
    Publication Date: 2016-04-21
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Abeliovich, Asa -- Rhinn, Herve -- England -- Nature. 2016 May 5;533(7601):40-1. doi: 10.1038/nature17891. Epub 2016 Apr 20.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Departments of Pathology, Cell Biology and Neurology, and the Taub Institute for Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27096361" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Enhancer Elements, Genetic/*genetics ; *Gene Expression Regulation ; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/*genetics ; Humans ; Parkinson Disease/*genetics ; alpha-Synuclein/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 48
    Publication Date: 2016-04-29
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ledford, Heidi -- England -- Nature. 2016 Apr 28;532(7600):425. doi: 10.1038/nature.2016.19801.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27121818" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉