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  • 1
    Publication Date: 1978-06-02
    Description: Eight chronic alcoholics received repeated computed tomography scans. Four, who maintained abstinence and functionally improved, showed partially reversible cerebral atrophy. Two nonabstinent patients and two abstinent patients who had completed functional improvement before the first scan showed no change in atrophy.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Carlen, P L -- Wortzman, G -- Holgate, R C -- Wilkinson, D A -- Rankin, J C -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Jun 2;200(4345):1076-8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/653357" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adult ; Aged ; Alcoholism/*pathology/radiography/therapy ; Atrophy ; Brain/*pathology/radiography ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Tomography, X-Ray Computed
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1978-01-13
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Abelson, Philip H -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Jan 13;199(4325):135.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11643428" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *DNA, Recombinant ; *Government Regulation ; Humans ; *Legislation as Topic ; Research Personnel ; *Social Control, Formal ; Social Control, Informal
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1978-12-08
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Alling, D W -- Halperin, M -- Ware, J H -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Dec 8;202(4372):1105.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/715462" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Humans ; *Research Design ; Statistics as Topic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1978-04-14
    Description: The body shapes of humans and chimpanzees were compared quantitatively by criteria chosen for their capacity to discriminate well among the body shapes of frogs. By these criteria, the difference in body shape between humans and chimpanzees was found to be greater than that between the most dissimilar pairs of frogs examined--that is, frogs classified in separate taxonomic suborders. Even though the morphological diffference between the two primates is large by frog standards, the biochemical differences between the structural genes of these two species are small. The results of this study give quantitative support to the proposal that morphological evolution and biochemical evolution in structural genes can proceed at independent rates.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cherty, L M -- Case, S M -- Wilson, A C -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Apr 14;200(4338):209-11.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/635583" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Anthropometry ; Anura/*anatomy & histology ; *Biological Evolution ; Biometry ; Genes ; Humans ; Pan troglodytes/*anatomy & histology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 1978-09-01
    Description: Multitubular enzyme reactors with immobilized phenylalanine ammonia lyase were tested in vitro and in vivo for depletion of phenylalanine in circulating blood. Sustained reduction of phenylalanine was achieved in less than 30 minutes. A 50% decrease of phenylalanine was obtained with a 2-hour application of enzyme reactors and was maintained for more than 2 days. Similar enzyme reactors have therapeutic potential for temporary management of phenylketonuric patients when their circulating phenylalanine becomes exceedingly high because of infection, fever, or pregnancy.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ambrus, C M -- Ambrus, J L -- Horvath, C -- Pedersen, H -- Sharma, S -- Kant, C -- Mirand, E -- Guthrie, R -- Paul, T -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Sep 1;201(4358):837-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/567372" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Ammonia-Lyases/*therapeutic use ; Animals ; *Disease Models, Animal ; Dogs ; Enzymes, Immobilized/*therapeutic use ; Extracorporeal Circulation ; Humans ; Phenylalanine/blood ; Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase/*therapeutic use ; Phenylketonurias/*therapy
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1978-02-10
    Description: The image of an 80 to 90 percent underexposed medical radiograph can be increased to readable density and contrast by autoradiographic image intensification. The technique consists of combining the image silver of the radiograph with a radioactive compound, thiourea labeled with sulfur-35, and then making an autoradiograph from the activated negative.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Askins, B S -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Feb 10;199(4329):684-6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/625659" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Autoradiography/*methods ; Contrast Media ; Humans ; Mammography/methods ; Radiation Dosage ; *Radiographic Image Enhancement ; Radiography/methods ; Technology, Radiologic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 1978-01-06
    Description: [1-3H]Galactitol-6-sulfate, N- [1-3H]acetylgalactosaminitol-6-sulfate, N-[1-3H]acetylglucosaminitol-6-sulfate, N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfate, and 6-sulfated tetrasaccharides from chondroitin-6-sulfate have been used for the measurement of 6-sulfatase activity of extracts of normal skin fibroblasts and of fibroblasts cultured from patients with genetic mucopolysaccharidoses. With these substrates, extracts of fibroblasts derived from Morquio patients lack or have greatly reduced activities for galactitol-6-sulfate, N-acetylgalactosaminitol-6-sulfate, and 6-sulfated tetrasaccharides but have normal activity for N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfate and its alditol; those derived from a patient with a newly discovered mucopolysaccharidosis have greatly reduced activity for N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfate and its alditol but normal activity for galactitol-6-sulfate, N-acetylgalactosaminitol-6-sulfate, and the 6-sulfated tetrasaccharides. These findings demonstrate the existence of two different hexosamine-6-sulfate sulfatases, specific for the glucose or galactose configuration of their substrates. Their respective deficiencies, causing inability to degrade keratan sulfate and heparan sulfate in one case and keratan sulfate and chondroitin-6-sulfate in the other, are responsible for different clinical phenotypes.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Di Ferrante, N -- Ginsberg, L C -- Donnelly, P V -- Di Ferrante, D T -- Caskey, C T -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Jan 6;199(4324):79-81.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratories of Connective Tissue Research, Department of Biochemistry, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17569489" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Acetylgalactosamine/analogs & derivatives/metabolism ; Acetylglucosamine/analogs & derivatives/metabolism ; Cells, Cultured ; Child, Preschool ; Chondroitin Sulfates/metabolism ; Chondroitinsulfatases/*deficiency/metabolism ; Fibroblasts/enzymology ; Galactitol/metabolism ; Heparitin Sulfate/metabolism ; Humans ; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration ; Keratan Sulfate/metabolism ; Male ; Mucopolysaccharidoses/*enzymology ; Mucopolysaccharidosis III/enzymology ; Mucopolysaccharidosis IV/*enzymology ; Skin/cytology/enzymology ; Substrate Specificity ; Sulfatases/*deficiency/metabolism
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 1978-04-28
    Description: In postmortem examination of brains of four patients with chronic paranoid schizophrenia, above-normal norepinephrine levels were measured in the ventral septum, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, the nucleus accumbens, and the mammillary bodies. No changes were detected in other limbic forebrain regions, including the hypothalamus and the medial olfactory (preoptic) area. The results point to the possibility of a malfunction of limbic noradrenergic mechanisms in schizophrenia, especially the paranoid variety.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Farley, I J -- Price, K S -- McCullough, E -- Deck, J H -- Hordynski, W -- Hornykiewicz, O -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Apr 28;200(4340):456-8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/644310" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Humans ; Hypothalamus/metabolism ; Limbic System/*metabolism ; Norepinephrine/*metabolism ; Nucleus Accumbens/metabolism ; Preoptic Area/metabolism ; Schizophrenia, Paranoid/drug therapy/*metabolism ; Suicide ; Tranquilizing Agents/therapeutic use
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    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1978-03-17
    Description: Calcium, other divalent cations, and calcium antagonists were tested for their ability to alter ethanol-induced sleeping time, hypothermia, and behavioral intoxication in mice and rats. Calcium given intraventricularly significantly enhanced sleeping time and behavioral intoxication in a dose-related manner. The ionophores X537A and A23187 accentuated the effect of a low dose of calcium, whereas the calcium chelators EDTA and EGTA decreased sleeping time. Calcium also enhanced tertiary butanol- and chloral hydrate-induced sleeping time. The effects of cations on ethanol-induced hypothermia were less significant. The results suggest the existence of a central calcium pool that is involved in ethanol intoxication in rodents.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Erickson, C K -- Tyler, T D -- Harris, R A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Mar 17;199(4334):1219-21.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/343251" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alcoholic Intoxication/*physiopathology ; Animals ; Body Temperature Regulation/drug effects ; Calcimycin/pharmacology ; Calcium/antagonists & inhibitors/*physiology ; Cations, Divalent ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Drug Synergism ; Female ; Humans ; Lasalocid/pharmacology ; Male ; Mice ; Movement/drug effects ; Rats
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1978-12-01
    Description: The effect on intellectual ability of the spacing of the birth of siblings was studied in two series of young men from two-child families: (i) 535 pairs of brothers and (ii) 1511 unrelated firstborn and secondborn. Birth-order effect and level of ability were not influenced by length of interval between firstborn and secondborn.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Belmont, L -- Stein, Z -- Zybert, P -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1978 Dec 1;202(4371):995-6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/568823" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Birth Order ; Family ; Female ; Humans ; *Intelligence ; Male ; Maternal Age ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Time Factors
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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