malate synthase gene
Life and Medical Sciences
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
We have cloned the MAS gene, encoding the microbody matrix enzyme malate synthase (EC 22.214.171.124.) from the methylotrophic yeast Hensenula polymorphia. The gene was isolated by screening of a genomic library with a mixed-sequence probe, based on the partial amino acid sequence of the purified enzyme. The nucleotide sequence of a 2·4-kilobase stretch of DNA covering the MAS gene was determined. The gene contains an open reading frame 555 amino acids, amounting to a calculated molecular mass of 63 254 for the encoded protein. Comparison of the amino acid sequence with the malate synthase sequences of Escherichia coli, Brassica napus L. and Cucumis sativus L. Clearly establishes the homology of all four proteins. Compared to the soluble enzyme from E. coli, the malate synthases from H. polymorpha and both plant species, which are located in the microbodies, have a short carboxy-terminal extension. In the plant malate synthases, the extension is probably involved in routing to the microbodies, since it contains the potential peroxisomal targeting signal, Ser-Arg/Lys-Leu, at the carboxy terminus. The H. polymorpha enzyme terminates with similar amino acids, but their sequence, Ser-Leu-Lys, does not conform to any of the known peroxisomal targeting signals.
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