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  • 1
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Description: This paper documents the level and trends of monetary inequality in developing countries based on Povcalnet data up to the year 2015. On average, during the first half of the current decade, inequality declined in developing economies, although at a rate substantially lower than that experienced during the 2000s. The current average level of the Gini coefficient is above the value of the early 1980s, which shows the difficulties in moving towards societies with significantly lower levels of economic inequality.
    Keywords: D31 ; I32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 2
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: En este trabajo se analiza la estructura y el grado de competencia en el mercado de préstamos bancarios de Argentina en el período 2006-2011. Para evaluar el grado de competencia se utilizó el modelo de Panzer-Rose y se diferenció entre bancos privados y públicos. Los resultados indican que tantos los bancos privados como los públicos desempeñan sus actividades en un marco de competencia monopolista.
    Keywords: C52 ; G21 ; L11 ; I13 ; ddc:330 ; competition ; banking industry ; Panzer-Rose model ; market structure
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Description: The achievement of gender equality in the labor market is not only a desirable goal by itself, but by its effects on growth and welfare. Based on such acknowledgement, this research quantifies the effects of gender gaps in employment, participation, occupational segregation and labor income, over monetary poverty in urban Bolivia. For this purpose, it is proposed to use the non-parametric microsimulation strategy in order to generate free gender gaps scenarios. Based on the comparison of poverty indicators observed and simulated with this strategy, it is evident that from 2006 to 2015 gender inequality in participation and labor income implied costs on the welfare of the society.
    Keywords: C14 ; D31 ; I32 ; J7 ; J16 ; ddc:330 ; Gender gaps ; Poverty ; Labor market ; Microsimulation Techniques
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Description: Migration has been a difficult phenomenon to measure because of its volatile characteristics and the number of models that explain the essential incentives of the process. In Bolivia there are few quantitative studies of international migratory movements, however, there are records that reflect a great socioeconomic impact by the migratory decisions. Throughout the document it describes that Bolivia has a negative migratory balance and that the profiles of the migrants have certain variable characteristics in the time. Generally, the search for accumulation of wealth, better living conditions, access to better education, better remuneration for productivity, among others, are sufficiently valid incentives to migrate to another developed country. The paper measures the impact of international migration on inequality of Bolivian wealth through the use of a dynamic general stochastic model DSGE with heterogeneous agents, specifying Argentina as the foreign economy because it is the country that holds most of the Bolivian people.
    Keywords: D31 ; D59 ; D52 ; J11 ; J61 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; International Migration ; Migration Profile ; Migration Flows ; Stochastic Dynamic General Equilibrium Model ; Heterogeneous Agents ; Inequality of Wealth ; Labor Productivity
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
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    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: We analyze the effects of macroeconomic fluctuations, as well as episodes of financial instability and inflation, on inequality indicators in Chile for the period 1960-2014. The relationship between episodes of crisis and fluctuations on levels of inequality are estimated from an event study, finding that they are related to fluctuations in inequality. In addition, we perform econometric estimates where inequality indicators relate to different macroeconomic variables and educational performance. The main conclusions are that banking and inflation crises, as well as periods of severe cyclical contractions, tend to increase the levels of inequality in Chile.
    Keywords: E30 ; I30 ; D31 ; ddc:330 ; Economic crisis ; inequality ; income distribution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The idea behind the methodology proposed in this paper is to show the utilities that it can offer, a software tool to make recommendations to the banking users when making a claim against a bad practice from their banks or wish to make an inquiry in order to ascertain the chances of a favorable decision by the Bank of Spain to a complaint in progress. The methodology used described uses recommendation algorithms based on content filtering, using database annual reports of the Claims Service of the Bank of Spain.
    Keywords: C88 ; G21 ; C60 ; C63 ; E58 ; G28 ; ddc:330 ; Algorithm ; Recommendation system ; Banking users
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: In the nineties in the financial sector, there was an unprecedented process of mergers and acquisitions in Europe. This trend started in the United States in the eighties, quickly spreading to Europe. The study analyzes the variables that have a marginal effect on the probability by a financial institution to participate in a process of financial restructuring as a merged or nationalized entity. For this, categorical models with endogenous variable are used to represent the different situations of absorption being considered. In the modeling process we have used the usual econometric techniques for variable selection and their financial interpretability.
    Keywords: C50 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; CPI ; mergers ; nationalized ; marginal effects ; Basel III
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-08-23
    Description: Analizar los factores que influyen en la sostenibilidad es clave para llegar a alcanzarla. En base a la Teoría de los Recursos y las Capacidades (Grant, 1991), desarrollamos un modelo de gestión que determina los factores explicativos de la sostenibilidad de las instituciones microfinancieras (IMF). El modelo empírico se desarrolla aplicando análisis de componentes principales y regresión logística, sobre una muestra de 313 IMF, con 31 variables financieras agrupadas en seis componentes/factores que están teóricamente relacionadas con su autosuficiencia. Nuestros resultados muestran una relación significativa y positiva entre el tamaño y la eficiencia-productividad de las IMF con su sostenibilidad, presentando el factor riesgo de crédito una relación inversa con respecto a dicha sostenibilidad. Por tanto, sugerimos que las IMF que quieran continuar desarrollando su actividad bajo un enfoque de autosuficiencia, deben fomentar una estrategia de gestión orientada hacia: (1) el aumento de la eficiencia-productividad, (2) el control exhaustivo del riesgo de crédito y (3) el incremento del tamaño para la consecución de economías de escala. La capacidad predictiva del modelo es alta, con un área bajo la curva ROC (AUC) del 89.7%.
    Description: The analysis of the factors that influence sustainability is the key to achieving it. Based on the Theory of Resources and Capabilities (Grant, 1991), a management model that determines the explanatory factors of the sustainability of microfinance institutions (MFI) is developed. The empirical model is constructed by applying a principal component and logistic regression analysis using a sample of 313 MFI, with 31 finance variables, grouped into 6 components/factors that are theoretically associated with self-sufficiency. The results obtained showed a significant and positive relationship between size and the efficiency-productivity of the MFI and their sustainability, with the credit risk factor having an inverse relationship as regards that sustainability. Thus, it may be suggested that the MFI that wish to continue developing their activity using a self-sufficiency approach must promote a management strategy oriented towards: (1) an increase in efficiency-productivity, (2) the exhaustive control of credit risk and, (3) the increase in size in order to achieve economies of scale. The predictive capacity of the model is high, with an area under the ROC curve of 89.7%.
    Keywords: G21 ; ddc:330 ; Microfinanzas ; Sostenibilidad operativa ; Teoría del cambio organizacional ; Autosuficiencia ; Microfinance ; Operational sustainability ; Theory of organisational change ; Self-sufficiency
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    Description: The main objective of this research is to estimate and analyze the temporal changes in income mobility between generations in Argentina. For this, the concept of equality of opportunity is considered which offers a natural approach to evaluate the processes of intergenerational mobility (IM). In this context, the importance of the existence of intergenerational income mobility is not that the movements of income between parents and children are intrinsically valuable but is expected to help to reduce the negative effects of disparities in initial endowments or future expected earnings. Since there are no surveys covering long-term information on both children and their fathers' income in Argentina, the empirical strategy implemented is to use two separate samples with information to predict the income of the parents in the past. The main sources of information used are the Social Development Survey 1997 (DHS), the Perception of Social Plans Survey (PSPS) 2007 and the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 2009. The three surveys contain retrospective information on some socioeconomic characteristics of parents of adult surveyed. The results show a significant increase in the average intergenerational mobility between 1997 and 2007 but not between the first year and 2010. But these temporary changes in average levels of income persistence between parents and children are not appreciated at all quantile of the income distribution. Furthermore, the observed increase in the average level of MII from 1997 to 2007 does not appear to have involved an improvement in terms of equality of opportunity in Argentina.
    Keywords: J62 ; D31 ; ddc:330 ; intergenerational mobility ; income ; Argentina ; equality of opportunity ; movilidad intergeneracional ; ingreso ; Argentina ; igualdad de oportunidades
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-02-08
    Description: The importance of micro-entities due to their generation of employment and propelling economic activity, together with the fact of their particularities, implies the need to design appropriate methods that anticipate their bankruptcies. For that purpose, a hybrid model by combining parametric and nonparametric approaches is developed in this paper. First, the variables with the highest predictive power to detect bankruptcy are selected using logistic regression (LR). Subsequently, a non-parametric method, namely regression trees and classification (CART), is then applied to companies classified as "bankruptcy" or "non-bankruptcy". Our results show that this model provides a better result than when it is implemented in isolation, which joins its easier interpretation and faster convergence. Moreover, we demonstrate that the introduction of non-financial and macroeconomic variables complement the financial ratios for bankruptcy prediction. Findings are based on a data set of micro-entities (MEs), as recently defined by the European Union.
    Keywords: G33 ; G41 ; G21 ; G32 ; ddc:330 ; micro-entities ; bankruptcy models ; hybrid methods ; nonparametric methods ; decision trees ; micro-entities
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: El proceso de venta del Banco de Valencia gestionado por el FROB duró 10 días. La venta se adjudicó a CaixaBank por un euro después de recibir 5.500 millones de fondos públicos. El informe de Oliver Wyman de 2012 motivó dicha reanudación. En él se estimaban unas necesidades de 1.846 millones en el escenario base, escenario que ha sido peor que el real. Este trabajo analiza el valor del BdV. Los resultados indican que el valor mínimo del BdV para CaixaBank es de más de 4.000 millones de euros. Sin embargo, no se ha podido determinar el porqué de esta diferencia. Diferencia reconocida en las cuentas de CaixaBank. Sin embargo, el precio pagado, un euro, después de un sacrificio muy importante de fondos públicos en una etapa de disminución del gasto y de prestaciones sociales es una cuestión que debería ser investigada.
    Description: The process of sale of BdV managed by the FROB lasted 10 days. The sale was awarded to CaixaBank for one euro after receiving 5,500 million euros of public funds. The Oliver Wyman report, published days before, drove this resumption. The needs that were estimated at Oliver Wyman report were 1,846 million euros in the baseline scenario, a scenario that has been worse than real. This paper analyzes the value of BdV. The results indicate that the minimum value of BdV for CaixaBank is over 4,000 million. However, this study could not determine why this difference. Difference recognized in the accounts of CaixaBank. However, the price paid, one euro, after a major sacrifice of public funds at a time of declining expenditures and social benefits is an issue that should be investigated.
    Keywords: G12 ; G21 ; G34 ; ddc:650 ; Valoración de empresas ; Banco de Valencia ; CaixaBank ; Company valuation ; Banco de Valencia ; CaixaBank
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: La financiación es un factor clave para el emprendimiento, especialmente en periodos de crisis, donde la restricción financiera dificulta más el crédito para nuevos proyectos empresariales de pequeñas y medianas empresas. Las Sociedades de Garantía Recíproca facilitan con su aval el acceso a préstamos a largo plazo. Este trabajo analiza la financiación bancaria del emprendimiento en España a través de las Sociedades de Garantía Recíproca del segmento de microempresas (menos de 10 trabajadores) en el periodo 2003-2012, para determinar si la crisis ha modificado sus necesidades de financiación. El análisis concluye que durante la crisis (2008-2012) ha cambiado la distribución de productos financieros, aumentando el peso de aquellos destinados a necesidades de tesorería, y los efectos son más intensos cuando la empresa tiene menor tamaño y más antigüedad.
    Description: Financing is key to entrepreneurship, especially in crisis period, when financial markets restriction hinders access to funding to small and medium enterprises. The Mutual Guarantee Institution facilitates funding to new businesses through guaranteed long term loans. This paper analyzes banking entrepreneurship financing to micro-enterprises (less than 10 employees) in Spain during the period 2003-2012, but only Mutual Guarantee Institution guaranteed enterprises, to determinate if financing products have changed. The analysis concludes that the financial products distribution has changed during the crisis (2008-2012), it has increased the weight of the products designed to liquidity, and the crisis effects are higher for smaller and older companies.
    Keywords: G01 ; G21 ; L26 ; ddc:650 ; Crisis ; Emprendimiento ; Financiación de pequeñas y medianas empresas ; Sociedad de Garantía Recíproca ; Crisis ; Entrepreneurship ; Small and medium enterprises funding ; Mutual Guarantee Institution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 13
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Keywords: C23 ; D31 ; D33 ; E44 ; F32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; Einkommensverteilung ; Leistungsbilanz ; Finanzsystem ; Finanzkrise ; Schwellenländer ; Industrieländer ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We study the interest rate spread of the Argentine financial system during the last eighteen years. We analyze Granger causality of selected variables, and estimate econometric models that relate spread to macroeconomic and microeconomic factors. Resuls indicate that output growth and monetization reduce spread during the whole period, while country risk and prices are significant only by subperiods, suggesting changes in macroeconomic context. Banking system variables also have significant impacts, including: taxes, administrative expenses, non-performing loans, the use of own resources and liquidity.
    Keywords: C22 ; E44 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Zinsstruktur ; Kausalanalyse ; Ökonometrisches Modell ; Wechselkurs ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 15
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: Este trabajo realiza un análisis de incidencia distributiva de los subsidios a los servicios públicos en Argentina. En particular, se trabaja con los subsidios a la energía residencial (gas de red, gas envasado y electricidad), al agua y al transporte público de pasajeros (colectivo, tren y avión). Se utilizan los datos de la Asociación Argentina de Presupuesto y Administración Financiera Pública (ASAP) para el año 2013 y la Encuesta Nacional de Gastos de los Hogares para los años 2012-2013 (ENGHo). Los resultados que se obtienen indican que la mayoría de los subsidios analizados son pro-ricos (es decir, se concentran en términos absolutos en los deciles de ingresos más altos),y progresivos (teniendo en cuenta la proporción de los subsidios sobre su ingreso, los estratos más bajos reciben relativamente más). Si bien es deseable la característica de progresividad asociada a estas políticas, no es deseable que sean pro-ricos. El hecho de que la mayoría de los montos destinados a subsidiar los servicios públicos caigan en manos de los sectores más pudientes de la población sugiere que existen espacios para una mejor focalización de estas políticas. A su vez se plantea un interrogante puntual sobre el subsidio al transporte aéreo el cual no sólo es pro-rico si no que a su vez es regresivo, aspecto que pone en jaque su justificación al menos desde el punto de vista distributivo.
    Keywords: H22 ; D31 ; ddc:330 ; Öffentliche Dienstleistung ; Subvention ; Verteilungswirkung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 16
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    Keywords: D31 ; J31 ; J38 ; ddc:330 ; Distribución del ingreso ; Desigualdad ; Salario mínimo ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: This study aims to analyze the Spanish financial entities that were bailout by the European Union with the main objective to discern the different char- acteristics among them and find out the reasons why in some cases some of them were merged, in other were taken over and in the most problematic cases, needed public funds. Although most of them were saving banks, this paper is not limited to them as the process also affected some banks. The main question is if the financial and accounting information should have been relevant in order to determine the ending situation. However, the re- sults lead to a different conclusion. Applying some statistical techniques (ANOVA, principal component analysis and cluster), the results show that it is not possible to group those entities by common characteristics and, therefore, the information used in this research has not been crucial for the subsequent development of these institutions.
    Keywords: G01 ; G21 ; C01 ; C16 ; ddc:330 ; financial sector ; crisis ; multivariate techniques
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 18
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    Description: This paper presents new evidence of the inequality possibility frontier and the inequality extraction ratio (how much potential inequality becomes real inequality) using a dataset from 18 countries of Latin America (LA) in the period 1990-2013. Comparing inequality in the world and within the region, we found that with this new measure LA is not as unequal as with traditional indicators. Finally, we link this new measure to social conflict. Countries with high rates of extraction ratio are more likely to have high levels of social conflict.
    Keywords: D31 ; D6 ; ddc:330 ; desigualdad ; frontera de posibilidades de desigualdad ; tasa de extracción ; América Latina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: In adjustable interest loans the borrower assumes the risk of interest rate rising, which leads to the growth of loan annuities. Given the importance of this risk in both corporate and personal finance, it is a recurrent topic in economic and financial press. In this paper, we show that the duration of a loan with constant annuity and interest rate can be used to assess the sensitivity of payments of an analogous loan with adjustable interest rate. Also, we develop an empirical application on official indexes of the Spanish mortgage market during the period 2009-2013. We find that EURIBOR is the index that causes less volatility in the mortgage annuity. Likewise, we also obtain that the average rate of loans for house purchasing in the euro zone is the index that cause greater volatility in the payments of loans.
    Keywords: D14 ; G12 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Adjustable rate loans ; Postpayable amortization ; Constant annuity loan ; Duration ; Indexes of the Spanish mortgage market
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This article presents a review of the studies on on boards of directors and corporate social responsibility practices in the banking industry. Several characteristics of bank boards, in particular independence and diversity, may impact their CSR commitments. By studying a sample of 159 banks in nine countries during the period 2004-2010, there is evidence that suggests that banks with more independent and diverse directors follow a path of socially responsible behaviour.
    Keywords: G21 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; Corporate governance ; Board of directors ; Corporate social responsibility ; Banks
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 21
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This work has the aim of analyzing the influence of bank and trade debt in the duration of the process of bankruptcy in Spain. To that end, a sample of 567 firms, that fill in bankruptcy between 2004 and 2009, is used. The results show a different behavior between banks and trade creditors, considering the level of their debt and the type of bankruptcy resolution. Thus, whereas the former allow a lengthening of the process, the latter try to reduce it. In addition, those results remain in the sample of firms that liquidate, whereas in the firms that reach an agreement, only the attitude of trade creditors is relevant, who besides, have a different behavior depending on the type of resolution.
    Keywords: G21 ; G33 ; K22 ; ddc:330 ; Bankruptcy ; Bank debt ; Trade debt ; Time of bankruptcy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 22
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-30
    Keywords: C31 ; G21 ; G28 ; R12 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Keywords: I14 ; I24 ; I32 ; I38 ; J13 ; J16 ; J71 ; G20 ; G21 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 24
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Keywords: C15 ; C24 ; D31 ; J16 ; J21 ; ddc:330 ; Weibliche Arbeitskräfte ; Arbeitsmarktstatistik ; Arbeitszeitgestaltung ; Einkommensverteilung ; Armut ; Uruguay
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 25
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En las ultimas décadas, los paises de America Latina experimentaron una reduccion en el numero de hijos promedio por hogar, lo cual no se dio en forma uniforme a lo largo de la distribucion del ingreso. Este trabajo busca cuantificar el impacto distributivo de los cambios en las decisiones de fecundidad en cinco paises de America Latina: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, El Salvador y Uruguay. Utilizando encuestas de hogares, y mediante metodologias de microdes- composicion, se desarrollan escenarios contrafacticos de la distribucion del ingreso de forma de descomponer el efecto asociado de los cambios en las decisiones de fecundidad. Los resultados muestran que los cambios en las decisiones de fecundidad tuvieron un efecto igualador sobre la distribucion del ingreso, junto con un efecto reductor de la pobreza.
    Keywords: C25 ; D31 ; I31 ; J13 ; ddc:330 ; Fertilität ; Einkommensverteilung ; Mikrodaten ; Lateinamerika
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 26
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: In Latin America the inequality of income has declined in the 2000s. This study applies a variant of the noparametric decomposition methodology proposed by Barros et al. (2006, 2007) to assess the relevance of the households’ sources of income, focusing on the importance of public transfers, on changes in inequality of the Southern Cone countries in the 2000s: Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay. The results suggest that the non-labor income of the households had a significant contribution to the inequality changes in the 2000s in those countries, which was mainly explained by the equalizing effect of the public source of income. The changes in that source and their impact on inequality were closely associated with the implementation or expansion of non-contributive cash transfer programs during the last decade.
    Keywords: C15 ; D31 ; I38 ; ddc:330 ; Einkommensverteilung ; Öffentliche Sozialleistungen ; Cono Sur
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Economist usually think and work taking into account the temporal dimension of economic and financial processes. Time plays a key role in the economic decision making process and is a fundamental input for statistical models useful to analyze and predict social behavior. Thus time invades our practice. By contrast the role of territory in economic analysis is far more neglected. Territory is usually subsumed in other dimensions which are related, but are different. As a generator and promoter of public policies, the Central Bank of Argentina undergoes periodic efforts to measure, study and analyze the access and use of financial services by households and businesses in Argentina. The information gathered for this purposes, although descriptive, presents limitations on the spatial analysis that can be derived from it. Hence, we have systematized the information available to the Central Bank in the last ten years to move beyond that limitation. The result is a set of economic and financial variables and aggregate indicators of financial services market, demand and supply for 3431 Argentine localities. Furthermore, this paper, albeit being preliminary, proposes a system of geo-referenced local indicators which can be used as input for the formulation of economic and financial policies.
    Keywords: C81 ; G21 ; R12 ; R38 ; ddc:330 ; financial inclusion ; financial policies ; financial services ; geo-referenced local indicators ; spatial analysis ; Regionaler Finanzsektor ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This article aims to identify the most relevant variables that allow through a neural network model (RNA), with supervised learning, in a kind of error correction and feedforward perceptron multilayer architecture to achieve the best predictors of low risk, in the process of microcredit. Academic studies on the topic are limited, since the raw material for your application, in most cases is not made public. This information (databases), it becomes an intangible asset for financial institutions, who permanently develop methodologies for the grant, being the essence of your business, in managing risks. Also implies that, according to the experience every time record is unique and particular and universal cannot make the application of a model. Information was available on the behavior of one hundred and sixteen thousand borrowers in a horizon of three years, after debugging. The study found that the selected model (M105), provides a better estimate of borrowers classified as Hazardous with a 38.8% and an overall 58.5% correct. In the case of borrowers 45,953 presented to the network as Risky, failed to qualify in this category to 17,853. Also there is a wrong classification rate of 61.1%, corresponding to 28,100 borrowers. That is, the number of borrowers classified as Not Hazardous.
    Keywords: C14 ; C45 ; D14 ; D87 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Mikrofinanzierung ; Finanzintermediär ; Kreditrisiko ; Neuronale Netze ; Kolumbien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 29
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Los productores agrícolas, y particularmente su dirigencia, cuentan con mi fraterna simpatía, a raíz de los sistemáticos ataques que sufren por parte de las autoridades nacionales, y la indiferencia que exhibe el resto de los dirigentes empresarios. Lo cual no implica compartir cualquier afirmación referida a lo que podría ocurrir con la producción agrícola de Argentina, en ausencia de trabas a las exportaciones e intervención directa en el mercado interno de dichos productos, tanto de índole administrativa como tributaria. En particular, cada vez que escucho que –libre de trabas- Argentina podría alimentar a 300 millones de seres humanos, me pregunto a qué precios relativos agrícolas, y qué consecuencias tendría ello sobre la distribución interna del ingreso en general y el consumo de alimentos por parte de los argentinos en particular. Concretamente planteo lo siguiente: ¿bajo qué condiciones, entre los 300 millones de seres humanos, estaría incluida la totalidad de la población argentina? Las líneas que siguen buscan clarificar esta cuestión.
    Keywords: D31 ; H22 ; I38 ; ddc:330 ; Agrarproduktion ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 30
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: This article provides a tool to study over time the distributions of income in a population, regardless the irregular distribution of data. We even approach Lorenz curves at the times when we lack the required data. Finally we apply the present technique to a European country where inequalities are particularly relevant: Spain.
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; C81 ; ddc:330 ; Lorenz curve ; Gini index ; irregular time series ; income distribution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2015-09-02
    Description: Microfinance institutions (MFIs) have been successful in providing credit to millions of low-income borrowers in groups previously excluded from formal financial services, but they often charge interest rates that many claim are excessive. We examine microfinance interest rates and their determinants in order to understand how these rates might be lowered. Using high-quality financial data from 29 institutions in seven countries over a period of four years, and drawing on information from field visits with clients, we explore patterns of cost and efficiency in MFIs. We find that improved operational efficiency comes with increased competition and institutional age, or learning by doing. Encouragingly, our regression analysis shows patterns of profit-making MFIs charging lower interest rates. We also find that interest rate caps reduce the outreach of these institutions to the poor, women, and rural clients.
    Keywords: G21 ; O16 ; E43 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 32
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    Ciudad de México: Banco de México
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Following the Hotelling model of spatial competition used by Massoud and Bernhardt (2002) to analyze competition in ATM fees, in this paper we analyze the effects of banning fees on the usage of ATMs by account holders. We find that the prohibition also reduces the fees charged to non-account holders but increases fixed fees. This latter increase is on average smaller than the decrease of the former two, which leads total consumer welfare to increase. We also find that the prohibition decreases total surplus but that this decrease is absorbed by the banks' profits. The model does not consider the decision of banks to open or closedown ATMs, which we leave for future research.
    Keywords: G21 ; L51 ; D40 ; ddc:330 ; banking competition ; ATM fees ; bank regulation ; retail banking ; Electronic Banking ; Bankentgelt ; Bankenregulierung ; Privatkundengeschäft ; Räumlicher Wettbewerb ; Mexiko
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 33
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En este trabajo se analizan los cambios en la desigualdad producidos durante el período 1998-2005. Se presenta un conjunto de resultados que pueden contribuir a entender mejor los cambios en la desigualdad. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la desigualdad distributiva observada entre ambos años esconde importantes cambios distributivos que en el análisis distributivo no se observaban. Los retornos a la educación ha jugado un papel importante en el aumento de los factores inobservables y los mayores niveles de empleo parecen haberla reducido.
    Description: This paper analyses the changes in inequality occurred during the period 1998 - 2005. A set of results are presented in order to contribute to a better understanding of the changes in inequality. The obtained results show that important distributive effects were hidden by the apparent observed distribution stability between both years. The returns to education have played an important role in the rise in inequality while the rise in the unobservable factors and the higher levels of employment seem to have reduced it.
    Keywords: C14 ; C15 ; C24 ; D31 ; I21 ; I32 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Einkommensverteilung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 34
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En este trabajo utilizamos los más recientes métodos de regresión no condicionada por cuantiles (RNCQ) para estudiar los efectos distributivos de la educación en Argentina. Los métodos estándar se centran, por lo general, en efectos promedio o estudian los efectos distributivos ya sea haciendo uso de suposiciones estrictas al modelar y/o a través de descomposiciones contrafácticas que requieren varias observaciones temporales. La aplicación empírica en este trabajo muestra la flexibilidad y utilidad de los métodos de RNCQ. Nuestra aplicación para el caso de Argentina sugiere que la educación ha contribuido positivamente al aumento de la desigualdad, debido principalmente a efectos fuertemente heterogéneos de la educación sobre los ingresos.
    Description: This paper studies inequality of opportunity on earnings among young argentines. It aims to contribute to measure this phenomenon and it uses information from household surveys conducted in Argentina from 2004 to the present. Sample selection into employment and co-residence selection is dealt with a multiple selection model. We consider some econometrics methods implemented by Bourguignon, Ferreira y Menéndez (2007) to measure the degree of inequality of opportunity. The results suggest that while income inequality has decreased there seems no clear pattern of inequality of opportunity, moreover in recent periods it has increased. -- inequality of opportunity ; income inequality ; Argentina
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; ddc:330 ; inequality of opportunity ; income inequality ; Argentina ; Arbeitsmarktdiskriminierung ; Einkommensverteilung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The objective of this research is to analyze the basics elements of the Spanish financial entities new approach in the financial cards business, as well as the merchant's new role in its development. For this purpose, a questionnaire was sent to 60 managers in the cards business in such entities. After analyzing the results of the 44 received questionnaires, we may conclude that this new approach should focus in promoting revolving and installment operations through financial cards. Additionally, it is verified that the merchants will need to play a relevant and rewarded role in promoting and prescribing these finance operations
    Keywords: G21 ; ddc:330 ; financial cards ; interchange rates ; financial institutions management
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 36
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The profit-maximizing and oligopoly bank model developed by Bresnahan and Lau allows determining the degree of market power held by an average bank. The equilibrium price equation includes a mark up, which is not used in the case of perfect competition but which is partially used in the case of oligopoly or monopolistic competition, and it is fully used in the case of monopoly. This paper explores the degree of competition in the credit market of Argentina in the period 2002-2007. The hypothesis of perfect competition in the loan market can be rejected.
    Keywords: E43 ; E51 ; F36 ; G21 ; L1 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; banks ; Cournot equilibrium ; market power ; loan markets ; oligopoly ; perfect competition ; Bank ; Kreditmarkt ; Marktstruktur ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 37
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    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2012-11-22
    Description: In this article we develop a microeconomic framework to study the relationships among privatization, competition for deposits and performance in banking. Particularly, we analyze banking privatization when competitive strategies of the Cournot and Stackelberg types are allowed. Our findings show that some conditions are necessary to justify it under the following criteria: (i) efficiency, (ii) market power/financial stability and (iii) consumption availability for depositors. They also show that privatizations are relatively easy to justify when leader-follower relationships are allowed in the banking system. Even government revenues, due to privatization, are higher when these relationships exist.
    Keywords: G21 ; D43 ; D92 ; ddc:330 ; banking ; privatization ; competition ; performance ; deposits
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The main objective of this paper is to determine if it is possible to find within the credit market any restrictions, for instance to credit concessions and its commercial conditions to more little firms or to those that do not have a strong relationship whit their usual banks, and, if the credit rationing is properly perceived by firms. The quantitative research was based on information obtained from questionnaires sent to 816 companies and from the accounting information that by law must be at the disposal of the public scrutiny. The conjoint analysis allowed us to determine the type of existing credit rationing within the credit market, as well as factors influencing and determining. Finally, we conclude with a set of recommendations for the different enterprises, the financial entities as well as public institutions for the amelioration of the efficiency of the banking credit market and the reduction of negative consequences of the credit rationing.
    Keywords: G21 ; G14 ; ddc:330 ; credit rationing ; banking relationship ; financing SMEs ; credit market ; lending relationships
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 39
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    Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
    Publication Date: 2015-09-02
    Keywords: C14 ; D31 ; I38 ; H5 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2015-02-17
    Description: Este documento analiza la importancia de la integración financiera en Centro América, enfatizando los efectos de la actual crisis internacional sobre los sistemas financieros de la subregión. Después de presentar evidencia sobre la integración financiera en Centro América y la compara con otros países de América Latina y otras regiones del mundo en vías de desarrollo, se describen dos factores importantes que han caracterizado el proceso de integración financiera en la última década y se analizan los efectos de la integración financiera y de la participación de la banca extranjera. Motivado por la actual crisis internacional, se enfatiza la respuesta de las variables financieras locales a shocks financieros internacionales. Finalmente, el documento deriva conclusiones y adelanta recomendaciones de política económica.
    Keywords: F36 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Integración financiera ; Sistemas financieros ; Centro América
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 41
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: En este artículo se estudia la privatización de un grupo de bancos públicos provinciales en Argentina en 1993-2001. En contraste con la mayoría de los estudios previos sobre privatizaciones que analizaron principalmente sus efectos sobre la eficiencia económica, este estudio se enfoca en dos cuestioness: i) evaluar si la privatización de los bancos públicos provinciales produjo un incremento en el uso del poder de mercado por parte de aquellos bancos públicos provinciales privatizados y ii) verificar si los bancos públicos provinciales privatizados incrementaron su eficiencia económica despues de su privatización, medida por una re- ducción en sus costos operativos. La evidencia empírica permite sostener las dos cuestiones planteadas.
    Keywords: D43 ; G21 ; L13 ; ddc:330 ; bancos ; competencia monopolista ; privatizaciones
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 42
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the determinants of the interest rate of short-term unsecured loan inter-bank market (call) in Argentina. The results show that the heterogeneous nature of the entities, in terms of size and origin of ownership, impacts on the interest rate agreed. Other additional aspects, such as the linkages between entities and the degree of supply or demand concentration, also affect the cost of funding. The structure of the market and the repo rates established by the BCRA are also relevant. Finally, the interest rate reacts positively when banks have a higher demand for liquidity, due to both seasonality and episodes of reduction in deposits.
    Keywords: E43 ; E58 ; G14 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; interest rate ; monetary policy ; short-term liquidity markets ; Geldmarkt ; Zins ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the relationship between the quality of the commercial credit portfolio and diversification in the financial entities of Argentina during the period 1998-2006. To this effect, a database of the financial sector (banking and non-banking) is used, which allows to consider three potential dimensions of diversification: per productive sector, per province and per client. In addition to characterizing the financial entities’ diversification decisions during the period under analysis, which includes the severe economic and financial crisis of late 2001, the paper analyzes the determinants of the portfolio’s quality including the effect of diversification in the three dimensions stated above. The results indicate that, by controlling for the relevant variables, specialization improves the quality of the credit portfolio.
    Keywords: C23 ; G21 ; G23 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; banks ; credit diversification ; loan quality ; non-performing loans ; Bankrisiko ; Diversifikation ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 44
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The main purpose of this paper is to study the problem created by the lack of information about the credit history of some debtors in the databases used to develop credit scoring models and the use of information about behavior compiled by a credit risk register as a potential solution to the problem. The paper analyzes two problems: (i) the need to provide a credit risk estimation of debtors whose behavior is unknown (because they are deleted from the databases without indication of the reason), and (ii) the assessment of the impact of ignoring these data when evaluating the credit risk of entities’ portfolios. The fundamental strategy will be to allow the use of debtors’ credit history in other entities, recorded in the credit risk register.
    Keywords: C35 ; D81 ; G21 ; G28 ; ddc:330 ; credit scoring ; credit registers ; credit risk ; imputation ; information sharing ; missing data
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 45
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: Las regiones argentinas presentan diferencias en su estructura poblacional y también en la forma en que retribuyen a los distintos factores. Este trabajo estudia cómo esas diferencias afectan la distribución del ingreso y la pobreza, aplicando técnicas de microdescomposición. La utilización de dichas técnicas permite cuantificar la contribución de cada uno de los determinantes de los ingresos, a tales diferencias. Los resultados de este trabajo sugieren una fuerte heterogeneidad entre las regiones, encontrándose las causas de las diferentes tasas de pobreza y desigualdad, principalmente en los retornos a la educación, la brecha salarial entre hombres y mujeres y a los distintos niveles de empleo.
    Keywords: C14 ; C15 ; C24 ; D31 ; I21 ; I32 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Distribución ; pobreza ; descomposiciones ; educación ; ingresos ; desempleo ; Argentina.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 46
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: El presente trabajo realiza una aplicación para Argentina de la nueva metodología del cálculo de la polarización del ingreso desarrollada por Duclos-Esteban-Ray (2003) entre 1998 y 2002. Se comprobó que a pesar de la desaceleración del crecimiento de la desigualdad, la polarización aumentó su tasa de ascenso año tras año. La población de bajos ingresos fue la que más contribuyó a la polarización. Asimismo, la polarización se incrementó en cada una de las regiones.
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; I32 ; ddc:330 ; polarización ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 47
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: La pobreza en Argentina ha experimentado un sostenido incremento no uniforme entre regiones geográficas a lo largo de la última década. Tanto las variaciones en el ingreso medio como en la desigualdad del mismo tuvieron participación en su evolución. En este trabajo se estudian ambos efectos haciendo uso de la metodología de descomposición propuesta por Mahmoudi (1998). Adicionalmente se busca conocer la cantidad de pobres en la sociedad, investigar el perfil de la pobreza e indagar los determinantes de la misma, destacando las diferencias regionales. Para ello se realiza un análisis de descomposición del índice de Severidad de la pobreza de Foster, Greer y Thorbeck y se estima la probabilidad que tiene un individuo de ser pobre utilizando modelos tipo Probit.
    Keywords: C15 ; C25 ; D31 ; I32 ; ddc:330 ; pobreza ; medición ; descomposiciones ; desigualdad del ingreso ; crecimiento ; regiones geográficas ; Argentina.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 48
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: La pobreza y la desigualdad de los ingresos laborales y familiares en Argentina han experimentado un sostenido incremento a lo largo de la última década. Como es sabido el ingreso laboral es el producto entre el salario y las horas trabajadas. Si bien importantes resultados han surgido al analizar los cambios producidos en los determinantes del salario, las horas trabajadas han recibido menor atención por parte de la literatura. Es por ello que este trabajo busca caracterizar el impacto en la desigualdad del ingreso y en la pobreza que surge de los cambios experimentados por los determinantes de las horas trabajadas haciendo uso de técnicas de descomposiciones microeconométricas. Adicionalmente se persigue profundizar los estudios previos de medición del efecto distributivo que surge de cambios en los determinantes de los salarios por medio de la metodología de Quantile Regression.
    Keywords: C14 ; C15 ; C24 ; D31 ; I31 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; pobreza ; desigualdad del ingreso ; descomposiciones ; horas trabajadas ; salario ; Quantile Regression ; Argentina.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 49
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: El objetivo de este análisis es investigar en qué dirección puede moverse la desigualdad de la distribución del ingreso laboral horario ante cambios en la estructura de edades de la fuerza de trabajo de la República Argentina. Los resultados indican que los efectos distributivos de una mayor participación de trabajadores jóvenes en el total son contrapuestos. Por un lado, la desigualdad total puede caer dado que este grupo se caracteriza por una menor dispersión de ingresos. Por otro, la desigualdad puede aumentar dado que un incremento en el tamaño de una cohorte tiene efectos negativos en sus ingresos medios, ampliando así la dispersión de las remuneraciones entre diferentes grupos de edad. Sin embargo, dado que los ingresos de los individuos con mayor educación son más sensibles al tamaño de la cohorte, la desigualdad podría caer. En cuanto al efecto final de dichos cambios, lamentablemente en este trabajo no se puede dar una respuesta definitiva.
    Keywords: D31 ; J21 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; desigualdad ; ingreso laboral ; estructura de edades ; cohort size ; Argentina.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 50
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El trabajo tiene como objetivo determinar los factores que explican los niveles de ineficiencia técnica del sector bancario boliviano en el período post-liberalización financiera. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que los factores que explicarían los niveles de ineficiencia son principalmente la competencia en la industria bancaria, los gastos administrativos, y la liquidez. La aplicación de las medidas de liberalización incrementan la ineficiencia técnica porque fomenta la competencia y cambian las normas de regulación y supervisión, los cuales requieren un período de adaptación por parte de los bancos. La gestión administrativa estaría considerado insuficiente porque los gastos administrativos y la liquidez estarían afectando positivamente a la ineficiencia técnica. Finalmente, la diversificación de la cartera que es considerado un factor importante para la disminuición de la ineficiencia no es variable explicativa por el escaso desarrollo del mercado de capitales de la economía boliviana. Para llegar a estos resultados, previamente se calcularon los niveles de la ineficiencia técnica a través de estimación de la función de costo utilizando métodos de panel de datos y lametodología denominada frontera estocástica.
    Keywords: G21 ; G28 ; C23 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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