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  • Fisheries  (13,492)
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  • 1
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Cyclone Ockhi, which caused large-scale destruction in southern India, should open the eyes of officialdom to both the landward and seaward dimensions of cyclones
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 2
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Cyclone Ockhi, which hit southern India late last year, brought out the need to empower communities to manage risks through locally owned and locally appropriate approaches
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Tenure rights in Brazil's small-scale fisheries are fading in the shadows of irrational, poorly designed, and socially and environmentally unjust 'blue planning' processes
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: An Africa Workshop focused on creating awareness about the SSF Guidelines, lobbying for their implementation, and aligning them with national fisheries policies
    Keywords: Fisheries
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    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: The government of Vietnam seeks to empower the country's fishermen through the landmark passage of an amended fisheries law
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: A critical look at Towards Gender-equitable Small-scale fisheries Governance and Development: A Handbook by Nilanjana Biswas, published by the FAO, in 2017
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 7
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: The access of Brazil's fishers to coastal land and sea resources has, in recent years, been hampered by increased urbanization, tourism and construction of harbours
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 8
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    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
    Publication Date: 2018-04-19
    Description: This description of the small-scale sector of the Southern New England (Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut) fishery includes information on the fishermen (their ages, education, experience, occupational training, family involvement and reasons for fishing) and the physical characteristics of the fleet (the boats and gear). Fishing patterns are analyzed by species, geographical areas and seasons. The economic structure of small-scale fishing is described in terms of investment, net and gross earnings, fuel costs, crew payments systems and marketing arrangements. Management implications of this information and analyses are included.
    Description: Prepared for the Pew Memorial Trust, for the Department of Commerce, NOAA, Office of Sea Grant, under Grants 04-8-M01-149, also NA 79AA-D-00102, and for Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's Marine Policy and Ocean Management Program .
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Fishery management
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Technical Report
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-04-24
    Description: This bibliography of social and economic studies of the fisheries of the Northeast United States (Maine to North Carolina) includes annotated listings for each entry and an index of key words for cross-referencing. We have attempted to include all studies published since 1970, and a selected group of particularly significant studies done earlier. The major focus has been on commercial fisheries, but recreational fishing studies have also been included when possible. In addition to studies of the Northeast United States fisheries, studies of Canadian fishing subsidies, European and other markets, have been included because of their relevance to the regional industry. All stages of the fishing industry's operation - harvesting, processing, distribution, marketing - are included, along with management and policy oriented material.
    Description: Prepared for the National Marine Fisheries Service Contract NA-81-FA-C-00018 and for The Pew Memorial Trust, also for the Department of Commerce, NOAA Office of Sea Grant under NA-80AA-D-0077 (E/L-1) and the Institution's Marine Policy and Ocean Management Program.
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Technical Report
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  • 10
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Conflicting forces of nature, alongside the ecological intervention of traditional fishermen, helped mitigate the destruction wrought in Puerto Rico by Hurricane María
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 11
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Only shared interest and mutual will—nationally, regionally, locally—among fishers and social partners can help achieve sustainable fisheries
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 12
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: For West African artisanal fishing communities, the fishmeal boom may be a bonanza for a few, but is a curse for most
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 13
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: The fisheries and coastal resources policy of Indonesia requires a specific operational and regulatory framework to ensure the the protection of traditional small-scale fishers
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 14
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: By uniting to fight land grab by business interests, members of the Preynub II Community Fishery in Cambodia have set an example for other communities
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 15
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 16
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 17
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 18
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Description: A newly established network of women fish processors and traders promises to improve the prospects of women in Africa’s post-harvest sector
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Description: Taking a road less travelled is not easy. Sometimes the whole of society stands against you. But no such fear deterred Rekha K.C. of Koorkenchery, a village in the Thrissur district of Kerala, India, the first woman in the country to go fishing in the deep waters of the outer sea. Amidst prevailing social stigmas, 45-year-old Rekha has been fishing in these waters with her husband Karthikeyan for ten years. “Although the sea is considered mother and goddess, our society forbids a woman from entering the sea,” she says. “I faced strong opposition...they even said it would destroy the sea. There were even times when our nets were damaged,” she adds.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 20
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Description: The Caribbean Network of Fisherfolk Organisations works on the implementation of the SSF Guidelines with a special focus on gender
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 21
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Description: Twenty-five years after the introduction of the quota system, significant challenges confront women in Norway’s fisheries
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Formal recognition of marine tenure provides an incentive for small-scale fishers to form and support the overarching structure for responsible governance
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 23
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Description: Twenty years of organising by women in Europe’s fisheries have led to important gains, challenges and opportunities.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Information Management
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Description: The Indian poet, Bhupen Hazarika’s soul-stirring composition ‘O Ganga Boicho Keno (Oh Ganges, why do you flow?),’ inspired by Paul Robeson’s “Ol’ Man River”, plays as we see footage of communities facing irrecoverable loss of their homes, lands and assets by an aggressively advancing river.Women at the Water’s Edge is a film shot on Mousuni, one of the 54 inhabited islands of the Sundarbans delta in West Bengal, India.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2018-03-19
    Description: Women and men in fishing communities in South India work together to generate important beach related data
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 27
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Belize, a pioneer in fisheries conservation, has become the first country to adopt a national, multispecies territorial user rights programme
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 28
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: In the wake of tropical cyclone Ockhi, the focus now should be on improving at-sea cyclone preparedness and search-and-rescue co-ordination to save precious lives
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: The experience with tourism-based boat trips in Caixa d´Aço Bay in Paraty, Brazil, highlights the problems of livelihoods in restricted-use protected areas
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 30
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: The Norwegian experience shows that learning about sustainable small-scale fisheries development should not be a one-way traffic from the North to the South
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 31
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    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Fisherfolk use their social networks to navigate formal and informal rules in accessing the fisheries of Lake Victoria
    Keywords: Fisheries
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2018-03-15
    Description: Despite good policies and programmes, the Philippines struggles with illegal, destructive and unsustainable practices and use of coastal resources and fisheries
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 33
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    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
    Publication Date: 2018-05-23
    Description: Development of shrimp-export industry brought about the underdevelopment of Pacific Mexico's inshore fisheries. The rural fishery of south Sinaloa provides a case in point, as well as a point of departure for considering fisheries development and management policy for similar fisheries in certain other less developed countries.
    Description: Prepared with funds from the Pew Memorial Trust and by the Department of Commerce, NOAA Office of Sea Grant under Grant #04-8-M01-149, and the Institution's Marine Policy and Ocean Management Program.
    Keywords: National Sea Grant Program (U.S.) ; Fishery policy ; Fishery management ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Technical Report
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2018-06-03
    Description: Rural communities in Solomon Islands rely heavily on coastal fisheries for food and income. However, coral reefs, mangroves and seagrass are degrading in many areas because of overharvesting, pollution and unsustainable land-use activities such as logging. The degradation of coastal fisheries has big implications for the food security and livelihoods of rural communities. The national government recognizes the importance of coastal fisheries and aims to ensure that 50 percent of coastal areas are sustainably managed by 2020. This brief summarises the key actions and policies taken by the provincial governments in supporting community-based resource management in Solomon Islands.
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: In this study, the anesthetic effects of 2-phenoxyethanol (2-PE) on possible primary (cortisol level) and secondary (haematological indices and glucose level) stress responses were studied in silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix). Fish were first exposed to 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 and 0.9 mL L^-1 2-PE, and the time of induction (deep anesthesia) and recovery were measured. At concentrations of 0.5, 0.7 and 0.9 mL L^-1 2-PE, all fish were anaesthetized within 3 min of exposure. For assessing possible stress effects caused by effective concentrations of 2-PE, the haematological indices, serum cortisol and glucose were determined in the deeply anaesthetized fish as stress indicators. 2-PE exposure resulted in a significant increase in red blood cell (RBC) amounts at 0.1 and 0.3 mL L^-1. A parallel increase in hemoglobin and Haematocrite amounts at 0.1 concentrations (p<0.05) was observed. The serum cortisol levels had the highest amount in 0.1 mL L^-1 of 2-PE. Moreover 2-PE exposure resulted in a significant increase in glucose amounts first at the 0.1 and later in the 0.3 mL L^-1 concentrations. This study shows that rapid induction of deep anesthesia with a relatively high concentration of 2-PE (0.5, 0.7 and 0.9 mL L^-1) was associated with the lowest effects on the haematological and serum biochemical indices in silver carp and so 0.7 mL L^-1 could be suggested as a suitable dose for haematological studies in this species.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: This study examined the effects of a commercial Lactobacillus probiotic on growth, survival and resistance of western white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) larvae against salinity and formalin stresses in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Ecology Research Center. In this experiment, larvae were fed 6 times a day from mysis I (M1) step to post larvae 5 over 3 treatments including a control treatment C (without probiotic) and 2 experimental treatments namely A (having probiotic enriched rotifer) and B (having probiotic enriched rotifer and adding probiotic powder directly to the water). Larvae were stocked in 9 plastic tanks (20-liter) containing 10 L of seawater at a density of 50 larvae per liter. Three replicates were used for each treatment. At the end of the experimental period biometric larvae were studied under salinity and formalin stresses. Results showed that using probiotic bacteria had significant and positive effects on shrimp resistance, survival and growth (p<0.05) and that growth and survival rate of larvae fed with A and B treatments were significantly higher than that of the control group (p<0.05). The results of the stress tests also indicated that probiotic containing treatments (A and B) had significantly higher survival rates in salinity and formalin stresses than the control treatment (p<0.05). The highest survival rate and resistance were observed in treatment B which was not statistically different from that of treatment A (p>0.05). According to the results we may conclude that the use of probiotic powder is effective in increasing growth, survival and resistance rate of western white shrimp in the larval and post larval stages.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: In the present study effects of different levels of probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici, on growth performance and survival rate of Rutilus kutum fingerlings were investigated. Kutum fingerlings with a mean weight of 1±0.235 g were reared for 8 weeks in 500-l fiberglass tanks (15 fish per tank) with 4 diet treatments (3 replicates for each). Treatments included 1×10^9, 2:1×10^9, 3×10^9 CFU kg^-1 dry food and a control without probiotic. At the end of the study, specific growth rate (SGR) and survival rate (SR) were significantly higher in treatments supplemented with probiotic compared to the control (p<0.05), while the fish fed with probiotics showed lowest food conversion ratio (FCR) (p<0.05). The results indicated that the use of 3× 109 CFU kg^-1 dry food probiotics improved growth parameters and survival rate in R. kutum fingerlings.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: The feeding habits and trophic level of Himantura gerrardi were studied according to sex and size classes of 80 individuals obtained using bottom trawl between May and December 2014 from the Oman Sea. Collected specimens were divided into three size classes (small<38 cm, medium 38-58 cm and large>58 cm) based on disk width. Prey was identified in seven main zoological categories, where crustacean and polychaetes were the dominant in diets, indicating this species is a demersal dwelling species. No significant differences were observed between sexes, but size classes showed significant differences in their diets. Also, results showed a decrease in feeding overlap between size classes with an increase in disk width, suggesting that intraspecific competition reduced, which allows the coexistence of different size classes. Trophic level was positively correlated with the disk width, which was lower than 4.0 for both sexes and different size classes, placing it in an intermediate trophic level.
    Keywords: Biology ; Ecology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: One of the most visible direct impacts of fishing is the capture of non-target species, known collectively as by-catch. By-catch includes species that are unwanted and discarded (discards) and species that are retained and sold (byproduct) (Stobutzki et al., 2003). Although tuna purse seine fisheries have been shown to be selective, leading to lower levels of by-catch than other fisheries (Alverson et al., 1994; Kelleher, 2005), several species can be incidentally caught and, in some cases, discarded at sea. These include vulnerable and sensitive species such as turtles, mammals, and sharks (Minami et al. 2007; Romanov, 2008b). Tuna purse seine fisheries probably apply the most intensive direct human impact on the tropical epipelagic ecosystems in all oceans. Because of the worldwide scale of purse seine fisheries, an assessment of their impact on associated and dependent species is essential (Romanov, 2002a).
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: A total of 200 threadfin bream Nemipterus japonicus was collected from Chennai in the east coast and Kochi in the west coast during January to February 2013 and studied for their morphometric and meristic characters. In total, 21 characters were analyzed out of which 3 characters namely dorsal, ventral and anal fins were not considered since they were unaltered. The findings indicate that 91% of the total variation in the data can be accounted for by three clusters. Small values of 1-R**2 ratio for the three clusters obtained indicate good clustering. The small values of p (≤0.0001) indicate that there are significant differences in the variables of Chennai and Kochi data which are shown through MANOVA. This might depict that the fish of Chennai and Kochi might be of 2 different stocks. Moreover, the study has also aided in identifying the importance of regular monitoring of stock assessment and the biology of commercially important fishes.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: Small pelagic fishes particularly anchovy (Encrasicholina punctifer) and sardine (Sardinella sindensis) have an important role to support the Iranian fisheries and are distributed along the coastal waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Using a logbook on small pelagic fisheries, a GIS-based environmental modeling approach was applied to investigate the presence and abundance of anchovy and sardine in relation to environmental variables. Redundancy analysis (RDA) was applied to provide a preliminary view of the relationships between fish presence/absence and environmental variables. Generalized Additive Models (GAMs) indicated the presence/absence of fish was related to distance from the nearest coast, depth, sea surface Chlorophyll-a, and SST. Results of the EFH showed that sardine is concentrated in specific areas of more favorable conditions, such as north of the Persian Gulf and all areas of the northwest of the Oman Sea. However, EFH of anchovy showed a more widespread distribution, occupying most of the north-west of the Oman Sea coastal waters, south of Qeshm Island in the Strait of Hormoz as well as the Parsian district in the north of the Persian Gulf. In this study, it seems that the anchovy showed the probability of presence in the areas with more distance from the coastal waters. However, the EFH probability presences of sardine were predicted for near coastal water and obviously, shallower waters. Due to the development of small pelagic fisheries, it is highly recommended to investigate anchovy and sardine fishing possibility in areas with high EFH prediction probability.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: The present study, which was conducted on Scomberoides commersonnianus as one of the commercially important fishes of Carangidae, seeks to investigate changes of length-weight relationships in different sexes, seasons and length classes and to calculate condition factor of Talang queenfish. In this study, 563 specimens (292 males, 247 females, and 24 of unknown sex) were collected from the north-west of the Persian Gulf from Oct. 2011 to Jan. 2013. Length-weight relationships and condition factor were determined for each sex in four length classes within different seasons. In general, the growth pattern in this fish was negatively allometric and the length-weight relationship in combined sexes amounted to W=2.9109FL-1.8424. The growth pattern of combined sexes was negatively allometric in spring and autumn and isometric in summer and winter. Also, growth pattern was positively allometric in 8-31 class, negatively allometric in the 31-54 cm and 54-77 cm classes and isometric in the 77-100 cm class among all specimens. Also, the condition factor in males exceeded that of females in spring, autumn and winter; however, it was greater in females than in males during summer. In this season, females were in better condition owing to an increase in the weight of ovaries. The results demonstrate that growth pattern and condition factor vary in different seasons, lengths and sexes probably because of change in feeding intensity and the time of reproduction.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: Monthly length frequency data of banana shrimp, Penaeus merguiensis were collected from the coastal waters of the north east of the Persian Gulf, from January 2012 to January 2013. Software package FiSAT was used to analyze the length frequency data. Growth parameters, mortalities, exploitation rate and recruitment pattern were estimated from the carapace length in the area. Based on length – weight relationships, the estimated parameter a was 0.0015 for males and females and b was 2.8015 for males and 2.7852 for females. The estimated growth parameters: L∞=39.5 mm, K=1.8 year^−1 and t0=-0.08 year^−1 for males and L∞=50 mm, K=1.5 year^−1 and t0=-0.09 year^−1 for females. Longevity was estimated 1.67 and 2.00 years for males and females, respectively. The estimated mortality coefficients, were Z=5.9 (4.89 – 6.92) year−1 (α=0.05), M=2.9 year^−1 and F=3.0 year^−1 for males and Z=5.7 (4.94–6.37) year^−1 (α=0.05), M=2.5 year^−1 and F=3.2 year^−1 for females. The length at first capture, Lc estimated from the probability of capture routine was 23.3 mm for males and 24.2 mm for females. Sex ratio (M:F=1.1:1) was significantly different to 1:1. The exploitation rates of shrimp were 0.49 and 0.56 for males and females, respectively which could get higher because the survival of spawning stock after the fishing season is related to environmental factors and has less effect on the next year’s biomass. Recruitment was continued throughout the year but with one major peak in July to November.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
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  • 44
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: A feeding trial which lasted for eight weeks was conducted to investigate the effects of diludine, a growth promoter, on feed efficiency, muscle structure and proximate composition of juvenile rainbow trout. Diludine was added at 0.0(D0) 0.2(D1), 0.5(D2) and 1(D3) g kg^-1 to a casein-based diet, and every diet was given to the triplicated groups of juvenile rainbow trout. At the end of experiment, it was determined that a significant improvability existed for both growth and feed utilization in fish fed diets supplemented with diludine (p<0.05). Similarly, different concentrations of diludine affected the densitometric quantification of myofibrillar proteins in fish muscle according to results obtained by Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The mean value of fiber diameters significantly increased in skeletal muscle with increasing concentrations of diludine. The histological results also showed hypertrophic adipocytes in skeletal muscle of fish fed D2 and D3 diets. The lowest elasticity values were observed in fish fed the control diet while those fed D3 diet had highest elasticity values. On the other hand, no differences were found between fish fed experimental diets in terms of survival rate and all fish exhibited similar proximate composition for protein, lipid, moisture and ash. Consequently, it may be suggested that dietary diludine supplementation up to 1 g kg^-1 concentration in the diets have positive impacts on growth of rainbow trout juveniles and the better growth in the fish fed with diludine supplements could be arise from muscle characteristics, in particular changes in fibres than proximate composition of the muscles.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 45
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: After entering aquatic ecosystems, heavy metals accumulate in the organs and tissues of aquatics including fish and finally enter the food chain. These heavy metals can enter the human body through eating contaminated fish. Absorbance values and accumulation of heavy metals in aquatics especially the fish depend on ecological conditions, physical, chemical and biological factors of water, the element type, and the physiological state of the aquatic (Oryan et al., 2010). Among aquatic ecosystems, wetlands and rivers are considerably important from the point of ecology. Rivers act as carriers of nutrients and non–nutrients and wetlands act as sinks for these substances. Now this effect will be more apparent if the wetland is an intermediary between a river and a static ecosystem. The Anzali Wetland is the type of ecosystem that embraces water from 11 rivers from one side and passes water into the Caspian Sea through a second outlet on the other side. The rivers passing through urban and rural areas and forests carry different types of organic matter, minerals, sediment, and industrial sewage (Taheri, 2013). The Anzali Wetland is one of the valuable wetlands registered in the Ramsar International Convention the contamination of which has become the main challenge for the people and officials during the past two decades (Khosravi, 2011).
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries ; Pollution
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) is an enveloped non-segmented, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA virus that belongs to the Novirhabdovirus genus of the family Rhabdoviridae. This virus causes economically significant diseases in farmed rainbow trout, in Turkey, which is often associated with the transmission of pathogens from European resources. In this study, moribund rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) samples were collected during an outbreak of VHSV in a rainbow trout fish farm in Bolu Province of Turkey in 2006. In addition, two VHSV strains were isolated from wild turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) in Trabzon Province of the Black Sea region of Turkey during a field survey. We have sequenced the full-length glycoprotein (G) gene of three VHSV isolates and compared them with 25 previously published gene sequences. Based on a complete gene nucleotide sequence, Turkish VHSV isolates were classified into class Ie of genotype I, which is closely related to GE-1.2 isolate (97.1-97.5% nucleotide identity and 98.2-98.4% amino acid identity) found in Georgia more than 30 years ago. These isolates could be an indigenous type of VHSV distributed in the Black Sea. On the other hand, Turkish isolates have 97.5-97.6% nucleotide identity and 98.8-99% amino acid identity with Finnish, Danish, and Norwegian isolates which are classified under Ib and Id. These results suggest that Turkish VHSV isolates may have orginated from Europe and co-circulated with indigenous strains which can threaten the aquaculture industry in Turkey.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: The objective of this study was to assess the bioaccumulation of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cr and Fe) in the muscles of five fish species (Sander lucioperca, Liza auratus, Alosa caspia, Cyprinus carpio and Liza saliens) from Gorgan Bay in the south-eastern Caspian Sea, in order to determine the value daily intake of heavy metals by consumption of fish and human health risk assessment. The concentration of metals was estimated using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer. Potential health risk assessments based on estimated daily intake (EDI) values and target hazard quotient (THQ) indicated that the intakes of metals by consuming these fish species do not result in an appreciable hazard risk for the human body. The hazard index (HI) calculated was lower than 1 for all the species. However, the results indicate that the high concentrations of Pb (in the muscle of L. auratus) and Fe in all fish is alarming.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Fisheries ; Health
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: In the current paper reproductive strategy and growth rates of Luciobarbus esocinus were investigated from 2010 to 2012, in Gamasiab River, Kermanshah, Iran. Samples were collected seasonally by gillnet and electro-fisher device. Sex ratio was evaluated from 162 individuals and the percentage of male and female individuals were 54.76% and 45.24% respectively. Age structure was distributed between I and V and most frequency numbers for males and females belonged to II and IV age group, respectively. Length-weight relationship was computed as W=8E-05TL^2.6546 for all individuals. Mean total length and weight was 333.82±13.10 mm and 297.67±4.85 g for males, and 371.5±21.17 mm and 307.85±7.64 g for females. The von-Bertalanffy growth models of L. esocinus were described as Lt =357.14×[1-e^(-0.77×(t-0.090))] for males, Lt =367.02×[1-e^(-0.78×(t–0.094))] for females and Lt =363.57×[1-e^(-0.76×(t –0.087))] for both sexes. Results indicated that growth factors were highly similar in spring, summer and winter. CDA analysis revealed that the total and gonad weight are the main factors in discriminant analysis. The highest GSI values were found in spring for females and winter for males, however, it decreased rapidly after spring in females. Maximum growth rates were observed in early ages (I-II) and depleted with ages. K value and L∞ were determined as 0.77±0.09 Y^-1 and 357.14±10.38 mm for males and 0.78±0.24 Y^-1 and 367.02±24.15 mm for females, respectively. In conclusion this study provided basic information for stock assessment and management of L. esocinus in Gamasiab Reservoir.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries ; Management
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  • 49
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: Lactococcosis has been defined as acute septicaemia, which causes economic losses in farmed fish, especially in rainbow trout. This study was done to evaluate the effects of the essential oils of Satureja bachtiarica and Nigella sativa on the efficacy of lactococcosis vaccine in rainbow trout. A total number of 270 fishes with a mean weight of 120 g were obtained; they were randomly divided into nine groups, each with three replicates, after two weeks of adaptation. The groups were: no injection group, vaccine only group, DMSO injection group, vaccine with 50, 100, and 200 micrograms Intraperitoneal injection (IP) injection. Two, four, and six weeks after vaccination, serological and haematological parameters were evaluated. In the sixth week, 1.7×10^7 cfu as LD50 96 hrs of Lactococcus garvieae were IP injected and the relative survival percentage was calculated. The results indicated that N. sativa essence is effective on the leukocyte population as the highest number of leukocytes were found in fish receiving high concentration of N. sativa. The relative survival rate of the studied fish decreased with decreasing concentrations of the N. sativa essential oil concentration, with a significant difference with control groups (p<0.05). However, using S. bachtiarica was not significantly effective on the relative survival rate of fish. The results of this study indicated that N. sativa essential oil can be used as adjuvant for L. garvieae vaccine, since it resulted in increasing leukocytes and the relative survival rate although S. bachtiarica was not effective on immune parameters of the studied fish.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Biology ; Fisheries
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  • 50
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    Kish International Campus, Tehran University
    Publication Date: 2018-08-20
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
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  • 51
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    Kish International Campus, Tehran University
    Publication Date: 2018-08-20
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
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  • 52
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Description: Women in Seafood Industry (WSI) is an international not-for-profit organization whose aim is to reinforce the voices of women in the seafood industry, amplifying their visibility through projects and collaborations with existing associations, and by supporting relevant initiatives and sharing information on the worldwide web.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 53
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    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Description: The painful aftermath of Cyclone Ockhi reveals the multiple dimensions of disaster preparedness that still need attention in India.
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 54
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Description: Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries: Gender equity and equality produced by the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, and the Social Policies and Rural Institutions Divisions of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); 6.04 minutes; English
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries
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  • 55
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    International Collective in Support of Fishworkers
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 56
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    International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF)
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Description: The opening editorial Comment in this issue argues that as the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines) gets under way, it is imperative to lobby for policies and processes that will empower small-scale fishing communities. How the Guaranis, indigenous people of Morro dos Cavalos in Brazil, are being displaced from their lands to satisfy the interests of politicians and businesses is analyzed in one article, while another details how the Seafood Slavery Risk Tool tracks abuses of labour and human rights in seafood supply chains. The current issue also features a report on the Danish Institute for Human Rights’ meeting on the contribution of human rights to the sustainable development of fisheries. Continuing on the theme of livelihood rights, the article from Indonesia delineates the causes for the poor nutritional intake in Indonesia's coastal communities. On-the-ground reports of two meetings – one on the largest conference on occupational safety and health in the fishing industry, held in Canada, and the other, on the 33rd Session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) – provide insights into issues that plague the fisheries sector in different ways. Another article in SAMUDRA Report No. 79 explains how fishermen and scientists are being brought together to track wind and waves, and save lives, through new innovative weather forecasting technology. A report on the Pêcheurs du Monde film festival, held in Lorient, France, and which turns 10 this year, as well as a review of a book on the global implementation of the SSF Guidelines, swing the spotlight to the problems that small-scale fishing communities face around the world. SAMUDRA Report No. 79 also features the regular Roundup section that carries news snippets, analysis and tidbits on fisheries from around the world. SAMUDRA Report No. 79 can be accessed at https://www.icsf.net/en/samudra/article/EN/79.html?limitstart=0
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Environment ; Fisheries ; Health ; Law
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 57
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    International Collective in Support of Fishworkers
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Description: Between 29 November and 3 December, 2017, Cyclone Ockhi devastated hundreds of lives and livelihoods of coastal fishing communities in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, India. This study assesses the impacts of the cyclone on fishing communities and the mechanisms in place at the local, national and international levels to address disaster risks and sea safety in small-scale fisheries, using a human rights-based approach. In line with the Sendai Framework 2015-2030 and the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries, the study recommends applying “relief-development continuum” and “build back better” concepts to the management of disaster risks in order to save lives and to reduce damage to fisheries assets and livelihoods.
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Book , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 58
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Description: National Workshop on Small-scale Fisheries, Cyclone Ockhi and Disaster Risk Management was held on 28 to 29 May, 2018 at Thiruvananthapuram. The workshop was organised by the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) Trust with the support of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The workshop was attended by a large number of distinguished participants, including fishworker organisations, government officials, academics, non-governmental organisations, civil society organisations and the disaster affected community. Representatives from FAO and the Bay of Bengal Programme Inter-Governmental Organisation (BOBP-IGO) also attended the programme. On 29 November 2017, a deep depression, detected in the Indian Ocean southwest of Sri Lanka, rapidly intensified into a cyclonic storm off the coast of Tamil Nadu and Kerala and the Union Territory of Lakshadweep Islands. Cyclone Ockhi, as it was named, took the life of a number of fishers, injured many and destroyed fishing vessels and gear.
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 59
    Publication Date: 2018-09-11
    Description: Costa Rica is among the first few countries to respond immediately and favourably to the question of implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (the SSF Guidelines). In a move that extends overwhelming support to the small-scale fisheries, in particular to women in the sector, the Costa Rican government, in association with the country’s fishers and their representatives, and civil society organisations, has introduced a bill for the implementation of the SSF Guidelines. Titled ‘General Law for the sustainability of small-scale, artisanal fisheries in the context of food security, poverty eradication and shared governance’, this bill is presently under consideration by the representatives of the Costa Rican Legislative Assembly.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Policies
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  • 60
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    Publication Date: 2018-09-11
    Description: Under Suman Singh’s leadership, women in Madhubani, India, gain greater control over their lives.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 61
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    Publication Date: 2018-09-11
    Description: Sex-segregated employment data in the recently released State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2018 report points to the need for better and more standardised data collection.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 62
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    Publication Date: 2018-09-11
    Description: Innovative boat clinics bring health and hope to thousands of men, women and children, among India’s poorest, who live along the mighty Brahmaputra river.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 63
    Publication Date: 2018-09-11
    Description: This article reviews a recent publication on women’s participation and leadership in fisherfolk organisations and collective action in fisheries.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 64
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    Publication Date: 2018-09-11
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 65
    Publication Date: 2018-09-18
    Description: The Sustainable Development Goal for the oceans and coasts (SDG 14) as part of the 2030 Agenda can be considered as an important step towards achieving more comprehensive blue growth. Here, we selected a set of 18 indicators to measure progress against SDG 14 for EU coastal states in the Baltic and the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean since 2012. In our assessment we distinguish between a concept of weak and strong sustainability, assuming high and low substitution possibilities, respectively. Overall, we show that the majority of countries in our assessment fail to achieve comprehensive blue growth. Sweden, Spain, Ireland, and in particular Portugal experienced a considerable reduction in scores since 2012. The only exemption is Estonia which managed to improve its scores over time under both concepts of sustainability. The unsustainable development at the EU level is mainly driven by deteriorations in indicators related to fisheries.
    Keywords: Q01 ; Q22 ; Q56 ; ddc:330 ; Sustainable Development Goals ; Blue Growth ; European Union ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 66
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    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: On 29 November 2017, a deep depression, detected in the Indian Ocean southwest of Sri Lanka, rapidly intensified into a cyclonic storm off the coast of Tamil Nadu and Kerala and the Union Territory of Lakshadweep Islands in India. Cyclone Ockhi, as it was named, took the life of over 350 people – nearly all fishers from the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala – injured many others and damaged fishing vessels and gear. Unlike previous cyclones, Ockhi’s impact was felt almost entirely at sea.
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries ; Oceanography
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  • 67
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    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: As the implementation of the SSF Guidelines gets under way, it is imperative to lobby for policies and processes that will empower small-scale fishing communities. The Thirty-third Session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), held in Rome in July 2018, proved to be a watershed for small-scale fisheries.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Policies ; Sociology
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  • 68
    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: Fisheries co-operatives in Sri Lanka need to be restructured into true co-management platforms to ensure the sustainable use of coastal zone resources.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 69
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    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: The Guaranis, indigenous people of Morro dos Cavalos in Brazil, are being displaced from their lands to satisfy the interests of politicians and businesses.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Policies ; Sociology
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  • 70
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    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: In June this year, the city of St. John’s in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, played host to the largest gathering of fishing, aquaculture and seafood-processing safety and health professionals: the Fifth International Fishing Industry Safety and Health Conference (IFISH 5), the only conference dedicated to improving safety and health in the fishing industry. Held from 10 to 13 June 2018 in the picturesque campus of St. John’s Memorial University, and blessed – contrary to gloomy weather forecasts – by a few days of unexpected sunshine between rainy ones, IFISH 5 explored the latest research on occupational safety and health; discussed current fisheries policy and regulations; and showcased best practices for keeping workers safe and healthy.
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries
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  • 71
    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: A review of The Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines: Global Implementation. Jentoft, S., Chuenpagdee, R., Barragán-Paladines, M.J., Franz, N. (Eds.) People, not profits, or even fish, are the fundamental feature of artisanal and small-scale fisheries throughout the world. This self-evident truth has for too long been absent in many policies dealing with fisheries or coastal management and development plans, to the detriment of not only people, but also ecosystems and the economic viability of what are critical industries at local and global scales.
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries
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  • 72
    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: Problems of access and control over food, and changes in consumption and distribution patterns are behind the poor nutritional intake in Indonesia's coastal communities. In 2016, five infants in Aru Island, Maluku, Indonesia, suffered from malnutrition. The five had to be intensively treated in the Regional Hospital of Cendrawasih Dobo, the capital city of Aru Island Regency. The patients were from poor families who suffer from poor nutritional intake. One of the causes of malnutrition in Indonesia is limited access to food in several regions. Problems related to access and control over food, and changes in consumption and distribution patterns are behind the poor nutritional intake.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 73
    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: In overview of the Danish Institute for Human Rights’ international expert meeting on the contribution of human rights to the sustainable development of fisheries. In September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted its resolution, “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,” for the overarching goal of poverty eradication and the realization of the human rights of all.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Policies
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  • 74
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    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: With a record participation, the Thirty-third Session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) managed to integrate small-scale fisheries issues into almost all agenda items. The Thirty-third Session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), held in July 2018, saw a record participation. There were 760 delegates representing member countries, and many representing non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs). Small-scale fisheries issues were integrated into almost all agenda items of the meet.
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries ; Management
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  • 75
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    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: This year the Pêcheurs du Monde film festival, which turns 10, was held between 19 and 25 March 2018, in Lorient, France. Filmmakers have always been fascinated by the sea, and the lives and work of fishermen. In the course of its 10 editions, the Pêcheurs du Monde (Fishers of the World) film festival has screened hundreds of films of all kinds – features, documentaries, reports, etc. Each year, the festival gives audiences the opportunity to rediscover exceptional achievements in cinema on fishers, both new and old, giving visibility to the forgotten individuals and communities who strive to protect the oceans.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 76
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    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: Action research by the University of Sussex is bringing fishermen and scientists together to track wind, and waves and save lives. Seen from the air, Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala state in south India, looks like a magic carpet – a long strip of golden sand separating a vast green canopy of coconut palms and the turquoise shimmer of the Arabian Sea. These sandy shores are home to the largest concentration of artisanal marine fishers in this part of the world – 42 villages spread along a 48-mile coastline. Many of these fishers are poor.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Sociology
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  • 77
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    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Description: The Seafood Slavery Risk Tool helps inform businesses about abuses of labour and human rights in their seafood supply chains.
    Keywords: Environment ; Fisheries ; Sociology
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