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  • Fisheries  (13,433)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2010-10-01
    Description: Protecting the world's freshwater resources requires diagnosing threats over a broad range of scales, from global to local. Here we present the first worldwide synthesis to jointly consider human and biodiversity perspectives on water security using a spatial framework that quantifies multiple stressors and accounts for downstream impacts. We find that nearly 80% of the world's population is exposed to high levels of threat to water security. Massive investment in water technology enables rich nations to offset high stressor levels without remedying their underlying causes, whereas less wealthy nations remain vulnerable. A similar lack of precautionary investment jeopardizes biodiversity, with habitats associated with 65% of continental discharge classified as moderately to highly threatened. The cumulative threat framework offers a tool for prioritizing policy and management responses to this crisis, and underscores the necessity of limiting threats at their source instead of through costly remediation of symptoms in order to assure global water security for both humans and freshwater biodiversity.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Vorosmarty, C J -- McIntyre, P B -- Gessner, M O -- Dudgeon, D -- Prusevich, A -- Green, P -- Glidden, S -- Bunn, S E -- Sullivan, C A -- Liermann, C Reidy -- Davies, P M -- England -- Nature. 2010 Sep 30;467(7315):555-61. doi: 10.1038/nature09440.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉The Environmental CrossRoads Initiative, City University of New York, The City College of New York, New York, New York 10035, USA. contact@riverthreat.net〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20882010" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Conservation of Natural Resources/methods/*statistics & numerical data ; Fisheries ; Geography ; *Internationality ; Population Density ; *Rivers ; *Water Supply
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2011-10-21
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Vaidyanathan, Gayathri -- England -- Nature. 2011 Oct 19;478(7369):305-7. doi: 10.1038/478305a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22012370" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Asia, Southeastern ; Ecosystem ; Fisheries ; Humans ; Power Plants ; *Rivers ; *Water Movements
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2012-08-24
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hoag, Hannah -- England -- Nature. 2012 Aug 23;488(7412):437-8. doi: 10.1038/488437a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22914141" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Genetically Modified ; Climate Change ; Ecosystem ; Environmental Policy ; Environmental Restoration and Remediation ; Fisheries ; Food, Genetically Modified/adverse effects ; Freshwater Biology/*economics/trends ; *Lakes/analysis/chemistry/microbiology ; Metal Nanoparticles/adverse effects/toxicity ; Ontario ; Phosphorus/adverse effects/toxicity ; Silver/adverse effects/toxicity ; Toxicology/*economics/trends ; Universities/organization & administration ; Water Pollutants/adverse effects/*toxicity
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2013-07-11
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Walker, Cameron -- England -- Nature. 2013 Jul 4;499(7456):115-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23841144" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Authorship ; Biodiversity ; Congresses as Topic ; *Cooperative Behavior ; Ecology/education ; *Education, Graduate ; Fisheries ; *Group Processes ; International Cooperation ; Multicenter Studies as Topic ; Research Personnel/*education ; Research Report ; Statistics as Topic
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    In: Science
    Publication Date: 2016-09-09
    Description: Author: Pamela J. Hines
    Keywords: Fisheries
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2010-10-01
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Palmer, Margaret A -- England -- Nature. 2010 Sep 30;467(7315):534-5. doi: 10.1038/467534a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20881999" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Conservation of Natural Resources/methods/statistics & numerical data ; Fisheries ; *Internationality ; Peru ; Population Density ; *Rivers ; *Water Supply
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2010-10-01
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cressey, Daniel -- England -- Nature. 2010 Sep 30;467(7315):514-5. doi: 10.1038/467514a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20881987" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Conservation of Natural Resources/methods/trends ; *Data Collection/economics ; Fisheries ; *Marine Biology/economics ; Population Density ; Time Factors
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-07-29
    Description: Overfishing of large-bodied benthic fishes and their subsequent population collapses on the Scotian Shelf of Canada's east coast and elsewhere resulted in restructuring of entire food webs now dominated by planktivorous, forage fish species and macroinvertebrates. Despite the imposition of strict management measures in force since the early 1990s, the Scotian Shelf ecosystem has not reverted back to its former structure. Here we provide evidence of the transient nature of this ecosystem and its current return path towards benthic fish species domination. The prolonged duration of the altered food web, and its current recovery, was and is being governed by the oscillatory, runaway consumption dynamics of the forage fish complex. These erupting forage species, which reached biomass levels 900% greater than those prevalent during the pre-collapse years of large benthic predators, are now in decline, having outstripped their zooplankton food supply. This dampening, and the associated reduction in the intensity of predation, was accompanied by lagged increases in species abundances at both lower and higher trophic levels, first witnessed in zooplankton and then in large-bodied predators, all consistent with a return towards the earlier ecosystem structure. We conclude that the reversibility of perturbed ecosystems can occur and that this bodes well for other collapsed fisheries.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Frank, Kenneth T -- Petrie, Brian -- Fisher, Jonathan A D -- Leggett, William C -- England -- Nature. 2011 Jul 27;477(7362):86-9. doi: 10.1038/nature10285.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Ocean Sciences Division, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, P.O. Box 1006, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2, Canada. kenneth.frank@dfo-mpo.gc.ca〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21796120" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Aquatic Organisms/*physiology ; Atlantic Ocean ; Biomass ; *Ecosystem ; Fisheries ; Fishes/*physiology ; Population Density ; Time Factors ; Zooplankton/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2012-08-17
    Description: The ocean plays a critical role in supporting human well-being, from providing food, livelihoods and recreational opportunities to regulating the global climate. Sustainable management aimed at maintaining the flow of a broad range of benefits from the ocean requires a comprehensive and quantitative method to measure and monitor the health of coupled human-ocean systems. We created an index comprising ten diverse public goals for a healthy coupled human-ocean system and calculated the index for every coastal country. Globally, the overall index score was 60 out of 100 (range 36-86), with developed countries generally performing better than developing countries, but with notable exceptions. Only 5% of countries scored higher than 70, whereas 32% scored lower than 50. The index provides a powerful tool to raise public awareness, direct resource management, improve policy and prioritize scientific research.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Halpern, Benjamin S -- Longo, Catherine -- Hardy, Darren -- McLeod, Karen L -- Samhouri, Jameal F -- Katona, Steven K -- Kleisner, Kristin -- Lester, Sarah E -- O'Leary, Jennifer -- Ranelletti, Marla -- Rosenberg, Andrew A -- Scarborough, Courtney -- Selig, Elizabeth R -- Best, Benjamin D -- Brumbaugh, Daniel R -- Chapin, F Stuart -- Crowder, Larry B -- Daly, Kendra L -- Doney, Scott C -- Elfes, Cristiane -- Fogarty, Michael J -- Gaines, Steven D -- Jacobsen, Kelsey I -- Karrer, Leah Bunce -- Leslie, Heather M -- Neeley, Elizabeth -- Pauly, Daniel -- Polasky, Stephen -- Ris, Bud -- St Martin, Kevin -- Stone, Gregory S -- Sumaila, U Rashid -- Zeller, Dirk -- England -- Nature. 2012 Aug 30;488(7413):615-20. doi: 10.1038/nature11397.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State St Suite 300, Santa Barbara, California 93101, USA. halpern@nceas.ucsb.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22895186" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Conservation of Natural Resources/*statistics & numerical data ; *Ecosystem ; Environmental Monitoring/*methods ; Environmental Policy ; Fisheries ; Geography ; Human Activities/standards/statistics & numerical data ; *Internationality ; Marine Biology/*methods ; Oceanography/*methods ; Oceans and Seas ; Recreation ; *Seawater ; Water Pollution/analysis
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2015-01-13
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Gewin, Virginia -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jan 8;517(7533):231-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25574536" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Communication ; Fisheries ; Humans ; Policy Making ; Public Opinion ; Reproducibility of Results ; *Research Personnel/psychology/standards ; Science/*education
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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