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  • M14  (3)
  • E26  (2)
  • ddc:300
  • A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña  (5)
  • Caracas: Editorial Nueva Sociedad
  • Spanish  (5)
  • 2015-2019  (5)
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  • Spanish  (5)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The aim of this study is to design an analytical model for the reduction of the underground economy in Ecuador. With that proposal, econometric techniques were used as a model of structural MIMIC equations for the estimation of the hidden economy in the country. Moreover, a VAR model is developed to determine the simulation of the most significant variables for the reduction of the hidden economy in Ecuador. Additionally this article try to define economic policy measures that impact on those variables. In this sense, the MIMIC model shows that the variables that are statistically significant as causes of the submerged economy in Ecuador are: trade opening, unemployment, inflation, government spending, and the tax burden of a tax indirect as the VAT. Consequently, with this, the estimation of the VAR model presented that the variable that stimulates, in greater percentage, a reduction of the hidden economy is the commercial opening, with a decrease of the hidden economy in 0.8% for each point of increase in this variable. Therefore, the economic policy proposal was addressed to the incorporation of economic liberalization measures that would allow an increase in commercial openness.
    Keywords: C51 ; E26 ; ddc:330 ; Hidden Economy ; MIMIC ; VAR ; Economic Policies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 2
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: A review of the mode of regulation of the labor market regulation is expected according to the new "labor law" - in circulation for some time. The debate remains open as to the "illegalization" of informal job or the "formalization" of the informal economy. Informal employment (not affiliated with social security) is estimated at 4.3 million according to the 2017 ONS Labor Survey. This economy contributes around 35% to GDP formation. These findings call for a deep diagnosis before making any decision. What is know about this economy? What approach to adopt to avoid social tensions in the labor market? The proposed analysis is based on a series of reports, studies and theses on the labor market and on the informal sector in particular as well as a piece of news the exploitation of the statistical data and the statutory texts realized since the 2000s up this day. This reflection argues for a gradual regulation of the functioning of the labor market. The segmentation performed is an operational technical procedure, it is the reconstruction of the entire market, with its external ramifications, that can give its dynamic intelligence. Any "improvised" action can only exacerbate social tensions that would further undermine workers and employers and the economy in general.
    Keywords: E26 ; O17 ; J21 ; ddc:330 ; Informal economy ; Informal employment ; Algeria ; Sociology of the informal
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: This article studies the role of technology drivers in catching up at different stages of development. Countries can be at different stages of development when entering in a new catching-up cycle. Thus, the technological drivers of growth [technological capabilities, external spillovers, technological specialization and stability of policies in science and technology] can play different roles to accelerate the rate of growth and change their relative position in the leadership rank (win or lose the run). The empirical results show the building of a 'racing pattern' as countries climb up development stages. At earlier stages, infrastructures and qualification play a major role, while at upper stages, the maintenance of leadership depends on accumlating techno-scientific capabilities to innovate. The article also finds that R&D is crucial at any stage of development, as well as the stability of technology policies.
    Keywords: M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; Database ; business intelligence ; financial information system ; decision making and knowledge base
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The maximization of profit as the main objective of companies is being criticized from different forums, advocating for an economic system in which the achievement of social sustainability will play a leading role. In the banking sector, after the outbreak of the crisis in 2008, financial bailouts that have used public funds to save various entities have provoked a current of opinion about the necessary social role that banking companies must develop. In this article, a case study is carried out analyzing the role of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in ABANCA, the financial institution with the largest presence in Galicia (northwest Spain), which has been rescued with public money, Identifying a series of objectives and actions carried out by said entity. The analyzes carried out show, among others, the importance of trust and transparency, as well as attention to intangibles.
    Keywords: G30 ; G38 ; L21 ; M14 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: The Protocol for Socially Responsible Territory is the result of a local sustainability management experience, which has demonstrated the importance of public administration in social innovation. This article describes the process through which such protocol was obtained, its characteristics and its principles as well as the strengths that this protocol offers. The definition of Socially Responsible Territory (TSR) is presented as a contribution to the theoretical development of a new research area, whose prospects are favored by the potential practical effects on public and corporate alliances locally. This protocol offers competitive advantages to governments who are preparing to seize the opportunities from the Europe 2020 Strategy for Growth.
    Keywords: M14 ; R58 ; R11 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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