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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Human evolution 9 (1994), S. 209-213 
    ISSN: 1824-310X
    Keywords: Pliocene ; Hominoid fossils ; Yuanmou of Yunnan ; China
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract There are four hominoid localities in the Yuanmou basin. There is no appreciable difference of fossil mammals collected from them respectively. On the other hand, judging from the occurrence of the strata and the characteristics of the deposits as well as from the trace of the neotectonics, the “homo layers” are identical to “Ramapithecus layers” in their occurrence. Thus the Hominoid fossils are exactly the same age.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Human evolution 6 (1991), S. 55-65 
    ISSN: 1824-310X
    Keywords: prehistory ; spear-shaped point ; stone workshop ; China
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Associate researcherWang (1935-) is Associate Director of the Institute of Archaeology of Shanxi Province and standing member of Shanxi Archaeological Association. Since he graduated from the geology department of the Beijing Geology College in 1961, he has been engaged in the study of paleo-anthropology and paleolithic archaeology. He was in charge of the excavation of Dingcun site in 1984. His main treatises are: «Archaeological Reconnaissances at Hsiach'uan in Chinshui County, Shanxi Province», «Microliths from Xueguan Country, Shanxi».Zhu Xiaodong (1965-0000) is a practice researcher of the Institute of Archeology of Shanxi Province, who graduated from the archaeology department of Beijing University in 1987, and took part in the excavation of Gold-Ox Mount site in Liaoning Province.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Human evolution 9 (1994), S. 263-272 
    ISSN: 1824-310X
    Keywords: Pebble tool ; Chopper/chopping tools ; Industry ; China
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Several paleolithic sites (or localities) with cultural characteristics in common have been found in South China in recent years. They are paleolithic sites in Beise, Guangxi; in the upper reaches of the Han River, Shaanxi; Shuiyang River, Anhui; Li River and Yuan River, Human; Liao River, Jiangxi; etc.. The sites show some similarities in the stone tool industry which are as follows; large tools are more common than small ones; pebble tools are more common than flakes; and the chopper/chopping tools are more common than scrapers. This indicates that the paleolithic cultures in South China are part of the pebble tool — chopper/chopping tool tradition which is similar to that in Southeast Asia, but has many differences in certain aspects from the culture of North China. The area where the sites have been found covers large parts of Southeast China, including the Yangtze River valley (23°50′–33°5′ N, 104°38′–119° E).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1824-310X
    Keywords: Neolithic Man ; Later Paleolithic Man ; Penrose's Shape Distance ; Principal component scores ; China
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract In approaching the taxonomy of Neolithic Man and its phylogenetic relationship to Later Paleolithic Man and Modern Man in China, the statistical methods used here are Penrose's shape distance and PCA (Principal Component Analysis). The scattergram based on principal component scores, combines the dendrogram based on Penrose's shape distance, and takes the male taxonomy into main consideration, but takes the female taxonomy — as a reference only because the differentiations in physical characteristics among male populations generally are rather larger than those among the female populations. Thus according to this scattergram, Neolithic Man in China can be divided into two large groups: the Northern China group, and the Southern China group. The theory is that in Hengzhen there exist some blood mixtures between the Southern China Group and the Northern China Group (especially the third subgroup) of Neolithic Man. Later Paleolithic Man of China — Liujiang and Upper-Cave Man — can also clearly distinguished from the rest of Neolithic Man in China in the scattergram, and can be considered as two different local types of Later Paleolithic Man. So-called “Negro-Australoid” racial traits can themselves be doubtlessly traced back to Later Paleolithic Man of China — Liujiang and Upper-cave Man. These traits are the intrinsic characteristics of Neolithic Man in China and only then is there slight difference in the extent of the manifestation of these traits in the population.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Human evolution 4 (1989), S. 87-92 
    ISSN: 1824-310X
    Keywords: Biface ; China
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract More and more archaeological discoveries show that bifaces are not absent from China, South and East Asia. Bifaces played a very important role in early Paleolithic industries here. The tool assemblage of this industry is similar to those of biface cultures in Africa and Europe. These discoveries will increasingly fill and level up the ≪gap≫ between the cultures of the East and West.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1824-310X
    Keywords: China ; Cercopithecidae ; Pleistocene ; Macaques ; Paleobiogeography ; Loess
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Cercopithecids did not arrive in China until the latest Tertiary, relatively late in their evolutionary history. Cercopithecines are represented in the Chinese fossil record by two genera,Procynocephalus andMacaca, both of which made their appearance in the Late Pliocene or Early Pleistocene, but only one of which,Macaca, was widely distributed throughout the Quaternary and remains in the country today. The much less well known genusProcynocephalus disappeared from China in the late Early Pleistocene, but is of considerable interest because it appears to have been part of a radiation of large terrestrial cercopithecines that extended throughout portions of southern and eastern Asia. Colobines are poorly represented in the fossil record of China. Aside from a few scattered occurrences ofRhinopithecus in the Middle and Late Pleistocene records of southern China, the subfamily is represented by only one other intriguing specimen. This is the large and nearly complete mandible now classified as «Megamacaca lantianensis» from the Gongwangling locality of Lantian, Shaanxi Province. The specimen was retrieved from sediments of late Early Pleistocene age and was associated with elements of a typical southern,Ailuropoda — Stegodon fauna. The distribution of cercopithecids, especiallyMacaca, in China followed the southern and eastern retreat of subtropical habitats during the course of the Pleistocene.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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