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  • method of multiple scales  (4)
  • Cantilevered beams  (3)
  • 1990-1994  (7)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 3 (1992), S. 261-271 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Scaling behavior ; coupled nonlinear oscillator ; method of multiple scales ; Duffing equation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The scaling of the solution of coupled conservative weakly nonlinear oscillators is demonstrated and analyzed through evaluating the normal modes and their bifurcation with an equivalent linearization technique and calculating the general solutions with a method of multiple seales. The scaling law for coupled Duffing oscillators is that the coupling intensity should be proportional to the total energy of the system.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Cantilevered beams ; nonlinear analysis ; whirling motion ; secondary resonances
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Secondary resonances of a slender, elastic, cantilevered beam subjected to a transverse harmonic load are investigated. The effects of nonlinear curvature, nonlinear inertia, viscous damping and static load are included. Cubic terms in the governing equations lead to subharmonic and superharmonic resonances of order three. The static displacement produced by the weight of the beam introduces quadratic terms in the governing equations, which cause subharmonic and superharmonic resonances of order two. Out-of-plane motion is possible in all of these secondary resonances when the principal moments of inertia of the beam cross section are approximately equal.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear vibration of a beam ; three mode interaction ; mid-plane stretching ; method of multiple scales
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract An analysis is presented for the primary resonance of a clamped-hinged beam, which occurs when the frequency of excitation is near one of the natural frequencies,ωn . Three mode interaction (ω2 ≈ 3ω1 and ω3 ≈ ω1 + 2ω2) is considered and its influence on the response is studied. The case of two mode interaction (ω2 ≈ 3ω1) is also considered to compare it with the case of three mode interaction. The straight beam experiencing mid-plane stretching is governed by a nonlinear partial differential equation. By using Galerkin's method the governing equation is reduced to a system of nonautonomous ordinary differential equations. The method of multiple scales is applied to solve the system. Steady-state responses and their stability are examined. Results of numerical investigations show that there exists no significant difference between both modal interactions' influences on the responses.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Beam ; gravity effect ; method of multiple scales ; nonlinear oscillations
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract A critical problem in designing large structures for space applications, such as space stations and parabolic antennas, is the limitation of testing these structures and their substructures on earth. These structures will exhibit very high flexibilities due to the small loads expected to be encountered in orbit. It has been reported in the literature that the gravitational sag effect under dead weight is of extreme importance during ground tests of space-station structural components [1–4]. An investigation of a horizontal, pinned-pinned beam with complete axial restraint and undergoing large-amplitude oscillations about the statically deflected position is presented here. This paper presents a solution for the frequency-amplitude relationship of the nonlinear free oscillations of a horizontal, immovable-end beam under the influence of gravity. The governing equation of motion used for the analysis is the Bernoulli-Euler type modified to include the effects of mid-plane stretching and gravity. Boundary conditions are simply supported such that at both ends there is no bending moment and no transverse and axial displacements. These boundary conditions give rise to an initial tension in the statically deflected shape. The displacement function consists of an assumed space mode using a simple sine function and unknown amplitude which is a function of time. This assumption provides for satisfaction of the boundary conditions and leads to an ordinary differential equation which is nonlinear, containing both quadratic and cubic functions of the amplitude. The perturbation method of multiple scales is used to provide an approximate solution for the fundamental frequency-amplitude relationship. Since the beam is initially deflected the small-amplitude fundamental natural frequency always increases relative to the free vibration situation provided in zero gravity. The nonlinear equation provides for interactions between frequency and amplitude in that both hardening and softening effects arise. The coefficient of the quadratic term in the nonlinear equation arises from the static (dead load) portion of the deflection. This quadratic term, depending upon its magnitude, introduces a softening effect that overcomes the hardening term (due to initial axial tension developed by deflection) for large slenderness ratios. For very large slender, immovable-end beams, the fundamental natural frequency is greater than that of beams without axial constraints undergoing small amplitude oscillations. This phenomenon is attributed to the stiffening effect of the statically-induced axial tension. However, the stiffening effect of axial tension in beams with slenderness ratios greater than approximately 392 undergoing large-amplitude symmetric-mode oscillations is overpowered by the presence of gravitational loading.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Cantilevered beams ; nonlinear analysis ; whirling motion ; primary resonances
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The response of a slender, clastic, cantilevered beam to a transverse, vertical, harmonic excitation is investigated. The effects of nonlinear curvature, nonlinear inertia, viscous damping and static load are included. Previous work often has neglected the static deflection caused by the weight of the beam, which adds quadratic terms in the governing equations of motion. Galerkin's method is used with three modes and approximate solutions of the temporal equations are obtained by the method of multiple scales. Primary resonance is treated here, and out-of-plane motion is possible in the first and second modes when the principal moments of inertia of the beam cross-section are approximately equal. In Parts II and III, secondary resonances and nonstationary passages through various resonances are considered.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Cantilevered beams ; nonlinear analysis ; transient responses ; passage through resonance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Nonstationary excitations of slender, elastic, cantilevered beams with equal principal moments of inertia are considered. The excitation frequency is slowly increased or decreased through a resonance of the first mode at a constant rate. Three resonances are investigated: primary resonance, superharmonic resonance of order two and subharmonic resonance of order two. After application of Galerkin's method with three modes, the nonlinear, nonstationary response of the first mode of the beam is determined by two methods: integration of the modulation equations obtained from the method of multiple scales, and direct numerical integration of the temporal equations of motion. Time histories are presented and the effects of excitation amplitude, rate of acceleration or deceleration through resonance, damping and initial conditions of the disturbance on the maximum response are studied. The effect of a persistent random disturbance is also examined. Although the excitation acts in the vertical plane, whirling occurs if the beam is subjected to out-of-plane disturbances.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Slider-crank mechanism ; nonlinear resonance ; dynamic stability ; method of multiple scales
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The transverse vibrations of a flexible connecting rod in an otherwise rigid slider-crank mechanism are considered. An analytical approach using the method of multiple scales is adopted and particular emphasis is placed on nonlinear effects which arise from finite deformations. Several nonlinear resonances and instabilities are investigated, and the influences of important system parameters on these resonances are examined in detail.
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