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  • BIOSCIENCES  (1,697)
  • 1970 - 1974  (1,697)
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  • 1
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: From September 1972 to January 1973, ERTS-1 precisely located a 500 sq km area on the Red Sea coastal plain of Saudi Arabia within which the Desert Locust (Schistocerca gregaria, Forsk.) bred successfully and produced many small swarms. Growth of vegetation shown by satellite imagery was confirmed from ground surveys and raingauge data. The experiment demonstrates the feasibility of detecting potential locust breeding sites by satellite, and shows that an operational satellite would be a powerful tool for routine survey of the 3 x 10 to the 7th power sq km invasion area of the Desert Locust in Africa and Asia, as well as of other locust species in the arid and semi-arid tropics.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: PAPER-A15 , NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center 3d ERTS-1 Symp., Vol. 1, Sect. A; p 233-246
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: This special bibliography lists 266 reports, articles, and other documents introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system in July 1974.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(131)
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Microbiological analyses of soil particles allow for the following conclusions: (1) there is a considerable range in the values of aerobic, mesophilic microbial counts associated with different size soil fractions; (2) as soil particle size increases, there is an increase in the mean microbial concentration per particle; (3) plate counts of aerobic, mesophilic organisms in unheated soils yielded a mean concentration of about six organisms per particle for the smallest soil fraction; (4) aerobic, mesophilic counts for sonicated particles heated at 80 C for 20 minutes yielded mean values of about two organisms per particle for the smallest particles; (5) some actinomycetes associated with the soil fractions could survive dry heat treatment at 110 C for one hour; and (6) soil particles stored under ambient laboratory conditions for 2.5 years aerobic, mesophilic plate counts which were comparable or slightly greater than the counts for more recently collected soil.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: SAPR-12 , NASA-CR-140447
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  • 4
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Subjects covered during the Endocrine Program Conference include the following: (1) endocrine/metabolic studies on the Apollo 16 crewmen; (2) changes in glucose, insulin, and growth hormone levels associated with bed rest; (3) circadian rhythms of heart rate and body temperature during 56 days of bed rest; (4) stress-induced changes in corticosteroid metabolism in man; (5) present status of physiological studies on parathyroid hormone and vitamin D; (6) antagonistic effect of lithium on antidiuretic hormone action; (7) proposed Skylab body-fluid volumes study; (8) daily rhythmic changes in serotonin content in areas of the mouse brain and norepinephrine content in areas of the hamster brain; (9) studies of sodium homeostasis during simulated weightlessness; and (10) application of the water immersion model to man.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-TM-X-58134 , JSC-09046 , Nov. 1972; Houston, TX; United States
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  • 5
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The topic of gravitational plant physiology was studied through aspects of plant development (in ARABIDOPSIS) and of behavior (in HELIANTHUS) as these were affected by altered g experience. The effect of increased g levels on stem polarity (in COLEUS) was also examined.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139691
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Training programs necessary for the development of optimal strength during prolonged manned space flight were examined, and exercises performed on the Super Mini Gym Skylab 2 were compared with similar exercises on the Universal Gym and calisthenics. Cardiopulmonary gains were found negligible but all training groups exhibited good gains in strength.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-140224
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The uses of scanning electron microscopy in assessing changes that occur in spores exposed to wet and dry heat cycles at elevated temperatures were examined. Several species of Bacillus and other nonspore-forming species of organisms were used for the experiment. Surface morphology of viable and nonviable organisms was clearly detectable by this method, making it a potentially useful technique for investigating microbial inactivation on space vehicle surfaces and components. Micrographs of the spores and bacterial cells are provided.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139485 , QPR-36
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The effect of storage of dry heat treated Teflon ribbons under nitrogen gas followed by high vacuum on the recovery of hardy organisms from the ribbons was studied. A similar experiment was performed on spore crops of hardy organisms recovered previously from Cape Canaveral. Hardy organisms have been inoculated onto slides and subjected to an artificial Martian environment in an attempt to demonstrate their growth in this environment. Additional experiments using the artificial Martian environment include response of soil samples from the VAB with both constant temperature and freeze-thaw cycles. These experiments were performed with dried soil and soil containing added water. Other investigations included the effect of heatshock on soil samples, psychrophilic counts of new soil samples from the manufacture area of the Viking spacecraft, effect of pour plate versus spread plate on psychrophilic counts, and preparation of spore crops of hardy organisms from Cape Canaveral.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139390 , SAPR-4
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: This special bibliography lists 291 reports, articles, and other documents introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system in June 1974.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(130)
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Mice exposed to either 250ppm or 1,000ppm 1,1,1-trichloroethane in air continuously for 14 weeks demonstrated significant changes in the centrilobular hepatocytes for the 1,000ppm group. Moderate liver triglyceride accumulation was evident in the 1,000ppm group and peaked at 40mg/gm of tissue after 7 weeks of exposure. Focal hepatocyte necrosis occurred in 40% of the mice exposed to 1,000ppm for 12 weeks. This necrosis was associated with an acute inflammatory infiltrate and hypertrophy of Kupffer cells. These findings indicate that the pathological alternations observed with 1,1,1-trichloroethane are similar to those observed with dichloromethane except for different time courses of the effects and different degrees of recovery. The toxic effects of 1,1,1-trichloroethane are of a similar type to those produced by carbon tetrachloride but appear much less severe.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-134322
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The effects of continuous exposure to 1,1,1-trichloroethane on hepatic morphology and function are evaluated and compared with those produced by methylene chloride (dichloromethane) to determine environmental concentrations of each compound that would produce a similar biological response, i.e., a comparable increase in liver triglycerides over control levels. Experimental findings on mice, rats, dogs, and monkeys indicate that the pathological alternations observed with 1,1,1-trichloroethane are similar to those observed with dichloromethane except for different time courses of the effects and different degrees of recovery. A ten fold greater atmospheric concentration of 1,1,1-trichloroethane is required to produce the minimal liver changes found at 100 ppm dichloromethane.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-134323
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Studies with mutants of Staphylococcus aureus lacking some virulence factors suggest that the presence of deoxyribonuclease correlates with mouse pathogenicity of S. aureus, while the ability to ferment mannitol or the possession of coagulases are not required for virulence. Autotrophy investigations on mycobacteria demonstrate a complete correlation between the ability to grow with hydrogen and the species of scotochromogenic mycobacterium tested. All tested strains of M. gordonae, a saprophyte, could grow autotrophically while none of the tested strains of M. scrofulaceum, a clinically important species, possessed this ability. A series of heat tolerant mutants of Pseudomonas fluorescences were obtained which can grow at temperatures up to 54 C, in contrast to a maximum growth temperature of 37 C for the wild type.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-138773
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Sensitive tests for the detection of extracellular enzyme activity in Martian soil was investigated using simulated Martian soil. Enzyme action at solid-liquid water interfaces and at low humidity were studied, and a kinetic scheme was devised and tested based on the growth of microorganisms and the oxidation of ammonium nitrite.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-138587
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: This special bibliography lists 279 reports, articles, and other documents introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system in March 1974.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(127)
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  • 15
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A preview is presented of the survival and growth capabilities of higher plants in non-aqueous, inert liquids. The two media which were used are mineral (white) oil and fluorochemical inert liquid FC-75. Both liquids dissolve oxygen and carbon dioxide readily, but are insoluble in water. Consequently, plants submerged in these liquids are capable of gas exchange with the atmosphere, but possess a water impermeable coating the dimensions of which are determined by the size of the liquid holding container. In a sense, growing plants in a tank of mineral oil imparts on them a cuticle. Plants plus prescribed volumes of water were innoculated into mineral oil. Organisms with minimal water supplied could then be observed. Also, submersed plants covered with an oil slick were shown to be capable of growth in dessicating atmospheres.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: PAPER-36
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The effects were studied of a graded series of valsalva-like maneuvers on the venous return, which was measured transcutaneously in the jugular vein of an anesthetized dog, with the animal serving as its own control. At each of five different levels of central venous pressure, the airway pressure which just stopped venous return during each series of maneuvers was determined. It was found that this end-point airway pressure is not a good estimator of the animal's resting central venous pressure prior to the simulated valsalva maneuver. It was further found that the measured change in right atrial pressure during a valsalva maneuver is less than the change in airway pressure during the same maneuver, instead of being equal, as had been expected. Relative venous return curves were constructed from the data obtained during the graded series of valsalva maneuvers.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-137361 , ECE-74-2
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Aerosol survival and virulence of S. aureus and P. aeruginosa cultures isolated during exposure to simulated space cabin environment was studied using the microthread captured aerosol technique. The aerosol survival of P. aeruginosa isolates did not differ significantly from that of the original culture from which the isolates were obtained. The mean death rate of the isolates was 1.03%/min and that of the controls 1.10%/min. Similarly exposure to the 5 psi environment did not affect the virulence of P. aeruginosa. Both strains of S. aureus (IITRI and NASA) after exposure to 5 psi environment showed some degree of adaptation to this environmental stress. The aerosol death rates of the isolated organisms were 5 to 10-fold lower than of the original cultures. At the same time the virulence of the isolates was approximately 5-fold higher than that of the original culture.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-134194 , IITRI-L6066-3
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The research is briefly reported for each task area of the planetary quarantine program.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-136613 , QR-3
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  • 19
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Microorganisms capable of growth at 7 C were enumerated and isolated from soil samples from the manufacture area (Denver, Colorado) and assembly area (Cape Kennedy, Florida) of the Viking spacecraft. Temperature requirements were determined for these isolates, and those growing at 3 C, but not at 32 C were designated as obligate psychrophiles in this investigation. These were identified to major generic groups, and the population density of obligate psychrophiles from the various groups was determined. Dry heat D-values were found for those spores that demonstrated growth or survival under a simulated Martian environment.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139667
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Aerosols of the bacterium Serratia marcescens, and of uniformly labelled C-14 glucose, were created simultaneously and mixed in tubing leading to an aerosol chamber. During a subsequent period of about 5 hrs, C-14O2 was produced unequivocally within the chamber, and insoluble, labelled material within the suspended particles first increased, then decreased.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139620 , QR-2
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  • 21
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The cooperative effort towards the development of a tri-leaflet prosthetic heart valve is described. The photogrammetric studies were conducted on silicone rubber molds. Information on data acquisition and data reduction phases is given, and certain accuracy aspects of the project are explained. The various outputs which are discussed include digital models, profiles, and contour maps.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139566 , UILU-ENG-74-2017
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A possible role for the hippocampus in alerting an animal to changes in cutaneous temperature was examined. Following local warming or cooling of the ears of unanesthetized, loosely restrained rabbits, theta waves (4-7 Hz EEG waves) were recorded from electrodes straddling the hippocampus. The onset of the hippocampal theta rhythm was correlated with changes in cutaneous temperature, an observation consistent with studies indicating that the theta rhythm is a nonspecific response evoked by stimulation of several sensory modalities. Additional data from cats and rabbits were correlated with specific neurons within the hippocampus, namely pyramidal cells. Post stimulus time histograms obtained by excitation of the dorsal fornix were interpreted in terms of excitatory and inhibitory inputs to pyramidal cells. Thus, the theta rhythm, which appears to be evoked by changes in cutaneous temperature, can be related to a specific type of hippocampal neuron which is in turn connected with other areas of the brain involved in temperature regulation.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139527
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A cumulative index to the abstracts contained in Supplements 112 through 123 of Aerospace Medicine and Biology A Continuing Bibliography is presented. It includes three indexes: subject, personal author, and corporate source.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(124)
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: It is demonstrated that a dosimeter which consists of four ion chambers, each with different wall thickness, is able to reproduce the BFO dose with reasonable accuracy. This generalized dosimetric system is only slightly more complex than dosimeters in current use. This preliminary development had two built-in assumptions; the isotropicity of the radiation and the neglect of nuclear reaction effects. Only the nuclear reaction effects have been calculated.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-132475
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  • 25
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Implantable pulsed Doppler ultrasonic flowmeter development has resulted in designs for application to the aortas of dogs and humans, and to human renal and coronary arteries. A figure of merit was derived for each design, indicating the degree of its precision. An H-array design for transcutaneous observation of blood flow was developed and tested in vitro. Two other simplified designs for the same purpose obviate the need to determine vessel orientation. One of these will be developed in the next time period. Techniques for intraoperative use and for implantation have had mixed success. While satisfactory on large vessels, higher ultrasonic frequencies and alteration of transducer design are required for satisfactory operation of pulsed Doppler flowmeters with small vessels.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-138902
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  • 26
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Preflight studies on Aeromonas proteolytica are reported to investigate the possibility of genetic alterations resulting in increased proteolysis in spacecraft environments. This organism may be present on human tissue and could pose medical problems if its endopeptidase and a hemolysin were to be produced in ususually high quantities or altered in such a way as to be more effective in their activities. Considered are: (1) Development of a nutrative holding medium for suspension of organisms; (2) the establishment of baseline information for the standardization of the assay for endopeptidase levels and hemolytic titers; (3) formulation of a method by which intracutaneous hemorrhage could be quantitated in guinea pig tissue; and (4) the responses of these organisms to parameters of spaceflight and experimentation.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-134328
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: This special bibliography lists 400 reports, articles, and other documents introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system in February 1974.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(126)
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Documents concerning planetary quarantine are listed. Author and permuted title indexes are included for 282 citations.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: GWU-SCD-74-14P-VOL-5 , NASA-CR-138898
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  • 29
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Using calorimetric techniques, subjects' metabolism, thermoregulation, and body temperatures were monitored continuously for 24-hour days, using three types of experimental routines. A water cooling garment (WCG) was used for direct calorimetry, while partitional calorimetry was used to establish a non-suited comparison for one of the routines. In this replicated routine, called the quiet day, the subjects were sedentary throughout the daytime hours and slept normally at night. Results indicate that the WCG may act to reduce 24-hour total oxygen consumption (VO2) or heat production, possibly due to the lowered energy cost of thermoregulation.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-134293
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  • 30
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A literature search was made to obtain values of human forearm, hand and finger blood flow as functions of environmental temperature. The sources used include both government and laboratory reports and the research presented in the open literature. An attempt was made to review many of the more quantitative noninvasive determinations and to collate the results in such a way as to yield blood flow values for each body segment as continuous functions of temperature. A brief review of the various ways used to measure blood flow is included along with an abstract of each work from which data was taken.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-TM-X-62342
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A reliable assay for hepatic fructose 1,6-diphosphatase in the rat was developed. It was found that the greatest enzymic activity and highest protein levels were eluted from the colored portion of the homogenate. When the substrate concentration was 0.01M, the enzyme had optimal activity when incubated with 0.01M MgSO4 for 10 min. at 37 C in 0.05M Tris-HC1 buffer, pH 7.5. Specificity for the substrate, fructose 1,6-diphosphate, was obtained at substrate concentration of 0.01M.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-137415
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  • 32
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Three areas of research in NASA'S University Program are described. Primitive terrestrial living cells were studied as a guide to the kind of cells to look for in extraterrestrial life. Experiments in zero gravity conditions are described with emphasis upon effects on small organisms. The effects of ionizing radiation on cells are studied so that it will be possible to predict dosages which can be tolerated by humans with no permanent damage.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-136896
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The ability of psychrophilic microorganisms to grow in some of the environmental conditions suggested for Mars is studied with particular attention given to the effects of moisture and nutrients on growth. Results of growth with the slide culture technique are presented and indicate that this technique can be a rapid and sensitive technique for demonstration of microbial growth under various environmental conditions. Additional soil samples have been obtained from Cape Kennedy, and results of these assays at various low temperatures for psychrophilic populations are presented. The heat resistance of some of the psychrophilic sporeformers have been determined. Psychrophilic organisms were isolated from the teflon ribbons at Cape Kennedy and characterization of these was begun. In addition, heat survivors from the teflon ribbons are being investigated, and partial characterizations of these are presented.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-137346 , REPT-3 , Semiannual NASA Spacecraft Sterilization Technol. Seminar; 20-21 Feb. 1974; San Francisco
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The work is reported, which was performed in the specific tasks of the Planetary Quarantine research program for developing parameter specifications of unmanned scientific missions to the planets. The effort was directed principally toward the advancement of the quarantine technology, applicable to all future missions to planets of biological interest. The emphasis of the research was on coordinated evaluation, analysis, documentation, and presentation of PQ requirements for flight projects such as Viking and Pioneer.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-138001
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  • 35
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The impact of satisfying satellite quarantine constraints on current outer planet mission and spacecraft designs is considered. Tools required to perform trajectory and navigation analyses for determining satellite impact probabilities are developed.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-137345 , JPL-900-655
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The chemolithotroph, Hydrogenomonas eutropha, was considered as a life support, bioregenerative system. This project focuses on several metabolic functions that are related to the proposed nitrogen cycle between man and this microbe. Specifically this organism has the capability to utilize as the sole nitrogen source such urine components as urea and fifteen individual amino acids, but not nine other amino acids. The effectiveness of utilization was high for many amino acids. Several specific growth inhibitions were also observed. The enzyme that catalyzes the incorporation of ammonia in the medium into amino acids was identified as a NADP-specific, L-glutamate dehydrogenase. This enzyme has a constitutive nature. This organism can synthesize all of its amino acids from carbon dioxide and ammonia. Therefore with the background literature of multiple pathways of individual amino acid biosyntheses, our evidence to date is consistent with the Hydrogeneomonas group having the same pathway of valine-isoleucine formation as the classical E. coli.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-138030 , REPT-5814-2229
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An attempt was made to construct an electrochemical system, using iodine, for water purification in Skylab. Data cover measurements of iodine production rates, effect of electrode size and geometry on iodine production rates, and feasibility of using stainless steels as reference electrodes.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-134204
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  • 38
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The effects of air velocity on metabolic performance are studied by using high forced airflow in a closed environment as a mechanism to control the concentration of volatile animal wastes. Air velocities between 100 and 200 ft/min are without significant effects on the metabolism of rats. At velocities of 200 ft/min and above, oxygen consumption and CO2 production as well as food consumption increase. In most instances, the changes are on the order of 5-10%. At the same time, the RQ for the animals increases slightly and generally correlates well with oxygen consumption and CO2 production. Experiments on the nature of inert gas narcosis show that halothane and methoxyflurane are rather potent inhibitors of the NADH:O2 oxidoreductase system in rats. These experiments suggest that the mechanism of inert gas narcosis is not mandatorily related to a membrane surface phenomenon.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-140065
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Cellular response and cell population kinetics were studied during lymphopoiesis in the thymus of the mouse under continuous gamma irradiation using autoradiographic techniques and specific labeling with tritiated thymidine. On the basis of tissue weights, it is concluded that the response of both the thymus and spleen to continuous low dose-rate irradiation is multiphasic. That is, alternating periods of steady state growth, followed by collapse, which in turn is followed by another period of homeostasis. Since there are two populations of lymphocytes - short lived and long-lived, it may be that different phases of steady state growth are mediated by different lymphocytes. The spleen is affected to a greater extent with shorter periods of steady-state growth than exhibited by the thymus.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-140114
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Plectonema boryanum is a filamentous blue green alga. Blue green algae have a procaryotic cellular organization similar to bacteria, but are usually obligate photoautotrophs, obtaining their carbon and energy from photosynthetic mechanism similar to higher plants. This research deals with a comparison of three methods of quantitating filamentous populations: microscopic cell counts, the luciferase assay for ATP and optical density measurements.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-140486
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  • 41
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The design, fabrication, and testing of an automatic bacteria detection system, with a zero-g capability, based on the filter-capable approach, and intended for monitoring the sterility of regenerated water in spacecraft is discussed. The principle of detection is based on measuring the increase in chemiluminescence produced by the action of bacterial porphyrins on a luminol-hydrogen peroxide mixture. Viable organisms are detected by comparing the signal of an incubated water sample with an unincubated control. High signals for the incubated water sample indicate the presence of viable organisms.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: REPT-1110F , NASA-CR-140229
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Possible interactions among drugs contemplated for use during manned spaceflights have been studied in several animal species. The following seven drugs were investigated: nitrofurantoin, chloral hydrate, hexobarbital, phenobarbital, flurazepam, diphenoxylate, and phenazopyridine. Particular combinations included: chloral hydrate, hexobarbital or flurazepam with nitrofurantoin; phenobarbital or flurazepam with phenazopyridine; and diphenoxylate with two dose formulations of nitrofurantoin. The mechanism of action and an explanation of the interaction between diphenoxylate and nitrofurantoin still remains unclear. In man, the interaction does not appear to be significant, affecting only two subjects out of six and with only one dose formulation (Furadantin).
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: C-74804-PT-1 , NASA-CR-140245 , C-74804-PT-2
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  • 43
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Operational guidelines for the space shuttle life sciences payloads are presented. An operational assessment of the medical experimental altitude test for Skylab, and Skylab life sciences documentation are discussed along with the operations posture and collection of space shuttle operational planning data.
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    Type: NASA-CR-140223
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  • 44
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Minimal television system requirements for medical telediagnosis were studied. The experiment was conducted with the aid of a simulated telemedicine system. The first step involved making high quality videotape recordings of actual medical examinations conducted by a skilled nurse under the direction of a physician watching on closed circuit television. These recordings formed the baseline for the study. Next, these videotape recordings were electronically degraded to simulate television systems of less than broadcast quality. Finally, the baseline and degraded video recordings were shown (via a statistically randomized procedure) to a large number of physicians who attempted to reach a correct medical diagnosis and to visually recognize key physical signs for each patient. By careful scoring and analysis of the results of these viewings, the pictorial and diagnostic limitations as a function of technical video characteristics were to be defined.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-134395
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  • 45
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: In an earlier report thermal stresses, simulating those expected on a Mars Lander, dislodged approximately 0.01% of an aerosol deposited surface burden, as did a landing shock of 8-10 G deceleration. This work confirms earlier results and demonstrates that release rate is not dependent on surface burden.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139621 , QR-1
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: This special bibliography lists 280 reports, articles, and other documents introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system in May 1974.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(129)
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Statistical considerations in designing sterilization experiments are discussed in terms of the basic design, pooling of runs, and process assessment.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-138895 , QR-35
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: This special bibliography lists 282 reports, articles, and other documents introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system in April 1974.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(128)
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  • 49
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Two male observers were administered a binocular visual response time task to small (45 min arc), flashed, photopic stimuli at four dominant wavelengths (632 nm red; 583 nm yellow; 526 nm green; 464 nm blue) imaged across the horizontal retinal meridian. The stimuli were imaged at 10 deg arc intervals from 80 deg left to 90 deg right of fixation. Testing followed either prior light adaptation or prior dark adaptation. Results indicated that mean response time (RT) varies with stimulus color. RT is faster to yellow than to blue and green and slowest to red. In general, mean RT was found to increase from fovea to periphery for all four colors, with the curve for red stimuli exhibiting the most rapid positive acceleration with increasing angular eccentricity from the fovea. The shape of the RT distribution across the retina was also found to depend upon the state of light or dark adaptation. The findings are related to previous RT research and are discussed in terms of optimizing the color and position of colored displays on instrument panels.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: A-5435 , NASA-TM-X-3086
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  • 50
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Two bedrest studies of 56 days each have been conducted to evaluate the effects of prolonged bedrest on circadian synchrony and endocrine and metabolic function. Measurements included the pituitary-adrenal, thyroid, parathyroid, insulin-glucose-growth hormones, catecholamine excretion, body temperature, and heart rate. The results indicated that a rigorous regimen of exercise did not prevent the endocrine and metabolic effects of prolonged bedrest. Changes in circadian, endocrine, and metabolic functions in bedrest appear to be due to changes in hydrostatic pressure and lack of postural cues rather than to inactivity, confinement, or the bleeding schedule. Prolonged bedrest, particularly beyond 24 days, resulted in rhythm desynchronization in spite of well regulated light/dark cycles, temperature, humidity, activity, and meal times and meal composition and in increased lability of all endocrine parameter measured. It also resulted in an apparent insensitivity of the glucose response to insulin, of cortisol secretion to ACTH, and of growth hormone secretion to hypoglycemia.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: A-5339 , NASA-TM-X-3051
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  • 51
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Aerosols of the bacterium Serratia marcescens, and of uniformly labeled C-14 glucose were produced simultaneously and mixed in tubing leading to an aerosol chamber. During a subsequent period of about 5 hrs, carbon dioxide was produced metabolically within the chamber, and labeled material incorporated within the suspended particles first increased then decreased. This constitutes the first direct evidence of microbial metabolism of bacteria suspended in the air.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: QSR-4 , NASA-CR-138187
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  • 52
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: This special bibliography lists 226 reports, articles, and other documents introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system in Dec. 1973.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(123)
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  • 53
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Loss of mineral from bone during periods of immobilization, recumbency, or weightlessness is examined. This report describes the instrumentation, technique, and bone mineral changes observed preflight and postflight for the Apollo 14, 15, and 16 missions. The bone mineral changes documented during the Apollo Program are reviewed, and their relevance to future missions is discussed.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-TM-X-58110 , JSC-08680
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  • 54
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The microbiological aspects of clean room technology as applied to surgery were reviewed. The following pertinent subject areas were examined: (1) clean room technology per se and its utilization for surgery, (2) microbiological monitoring of the clean room surgical environment, (3) clean rooms and their impact on operating room environmental microbiology, and (4) the effect of the technology on surgical wound infection rates. Conclusions were drawn for each topic investigated.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: JPL-SP-43-7 , NASA-CR-140176
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  • 55
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The human vestibular function was studied by the combined approach of advanced measurement and mathematical modelling. Fundamental measurements of some physical properties of endolymph and perilymph, combined with nystagmus measurements and fluid mechanical analysis of semicircular canal function furthered the theory of canal mechanical response to angular acceleration, caloric stimulation and relating linear acceleration. The effects of adaptation seen at low frequency angular stimulation were studied and modelled to remove some shortcomings of the torsion pendulum models. Otolith function was also studied experimentally and analytically, leading to a new set of models for subjective orientation. Applications to special problems of space, including the case of rotating spacecraft were investigated and the interaction of visual and vestibular cues and their relation to proprioceptive information was explored relative to postural control.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-140063
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  • 56
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Three 21-day tests of the effects of chronic centrifugation were carried out on populations of Arabidopsis thaliana. In addition to 1 g the resultant g-forces tested were: 2,4,6,8,16, and 20 g. Observed end points included gross morphological characters such as size of plant organs and, at the other extreme, features of sub-cellular structure and ultrastructure. Plants were grown on banks of clinostats. The acceleration vector was directed either parallel with the plants' axes or transverse to the axes. Plant responses to chronic axial acceleration and to transverse acceleration with clinostated plants were determined. From the data obtained it was possible in some cases: (1) to determine the g-functions of specific plant developmental characters; (2) to extrapolate those functions to the hypothetical value at zero g in order to predict (tentatively) the morphology of a plant grown in space, (3) to describe morphological effects of clinostat rotation, (4) to determine which of those effects was influenced by the prevailing g-force, and (5) to put to direct test the assumption that clinostat rotation nullifies or compensates for the influence of gravity.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-139584
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  • 57
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Warming and cooling the preoptic anterior hypothalamic area in awake, loosely restrained rabbits was found to evoke theta rhythm. This is consistent with previous studies indicating that theta rhythm is a nonspecific response evoked by stimulation of several sensory modalities. Several studies have correlated theta rhythm with alertness. A neural pathway involving the hypothalamus, the hippocampus, the septal area, and the reticular formation is proposed. Thus, a role of this pathway may be to alert the animal to changes in its body temperature.
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    Type: NASA-CR-139526
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  • 58
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The ubiquity of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in terrestrial organisms provides the basis for proposing the assay of this vital metabolic intermediate for detecting extraterrestrial biological activity. If an organic carbon chemistry is present on the planets, the occurrence of ATP is possible either from biosynthetic or purely chemical reactions. However, ATP's relative complexity minimizes the probability of abiogenic synthesis. A sensitive technique for the quantitative detection of ATP was developed using the firefly bioluminescent reaction. The procedure was used successfully for the determination of the ATP content of soil and bacteria. This technique is also being investigated from the standpoint of its application in clinical medicine.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-TN-D-7680 , G-7457
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  • 59
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Improved instrumentation and preparation techniques for high resolution, high voltage cryo-electron microscopic and diffraction studies on terrestrial and extraterrestrial specimens are reported. Computer correlated ultrastructural and biochemical work on hydrated and dried cell membranes and related biological systems provided information on membrane organization, ice crystal formation and ordered water, RNA virus linked to cancer, lunar rock samples, and organometallic superconducting compounds. Apollo 11, 12, 14, and 15 specimens were analyzed
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-138075 , Duran-Reynals Intern. Symp. on Viral Replication and Cancer; Barcelona
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  • 60
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: In order to study the influence of an artificial habitat of discarded automobile tires upon the biomass in and around it, three sites were selected in the Banana River, one of which will serve as a control and the other two as locations for small tire reefs. Measurements and correlation studies of the biomasses and the species indicate that the biodynamics of the sites are appreciably the same in the three cases, that there are probably adequate populations at the lower trophic levels, that there are perhaps reduced numbers of upper level carnivores, and that it is likely that small artificial havens can contribute to an increase in populations of certain species of gamefish.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-CR-137409 , AR-1
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  • 61
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Research in aerospace medicine is presented. The reports discussed include: circulatory and respiratory transients during and after orthostasis and the effects of beta adrenergic blockade; the determination of total body water by an ethanol dilution method; and increased total respiratory conductance breathing 100% oxygen (forced oscillation method).
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    Type: NASA-CR-134210
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  • 62
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: This special bibliography lists 323 reports, articles, and other documents introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system in January 1974.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: NASA-SP-7011(125)
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  • 63
    Publication Date: 2013-08-29
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: AD-785816 , Aerospace Medicine; 45; Aug. 197
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  • 64
    Publication Date: 2006-03-23
    Description: Since 1968 the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife (BSF&W) and the Environmental Research Institute of Michigan have cooperated on developing applications of remote sensing to the management of migratory waterfowl. Basically, this work has been concerned with (1) the assimilation of data on surface water conditions so that the data can be used as an index of annual waterfowl production, and (2) the collection of data on land use and wetland quality so that a measure of habitat carrying capacity is obtained. To date, efforts have been directed toward utilizing ERTS to monitor surface water conditions. An example of a model used for predicting the annual production of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) is presented. The data inputs to this model and the potential for acquiring these data using ERTS are described.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: PAPER-E12 , NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center 3d ERTS-1 Symp., Vol. 1, Sect. B; p 1671-1686
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  • 65
    Publication Date: 2006-03-23
    Description: Improved classification and mapping of grizzly habitat will permit better estimates of population density and distribution, and allow accurate evaluation of the potential effects of changes in land use, hunting regulation, and management policies on existing populations. Methods of identifying favorable habitat from ERTS-1 multispectral scanner imagery were investigated and described. This technique could reduce the time and effort required to classify large wilderness areas in the Western United States.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: PAPER-E11 , NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center 3d ERTS-1 Symp., Vol. 1, Sect. B; p 1653-1670
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  • 66
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2006-01-11
    Description: The effects of man's entry into space on changes in economics and technology, politics and law, science, philosophy, and art are considered. A single world economy, extracting from the natural resources of the moon and other cosmic bodies raw materials and energy, will avoid terrestrial limitations and improve society by eliminating the inequalities of economic and social status. However, a spacecraft for interplanetary travel require thermonuclear engines that achieve an escape velocity of 0.1 times the speed of light in order to allow an astronaut stellar expedition corresponding to the active life of a single generation.
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    Type: Inhabited Space, Pt. 2 (NASA-TT-F-820); p 128-134
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  • 67
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2006-01-11
    Description: The selection of spacecraft experiments and equipment to detect extraterrestrial life outside earth centers on observations of chemical compounds similar to amino acids and proteins, on signs of metabolism in the form of nutrient absorption, and life form impressions in fossiles or signs of civilization.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Inhabited Space, Pt. 2 (NASA-TT-F-820; p 42-52
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  • 68
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2006-01-11
    Description: Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Inhabited Space, Pt. 2 (NASA-TT-F-820); p 29-41
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  • 69
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2006-01-11
    Description: Biotechnological aspects of manned space flight are reviewed and the basic biological problems of training and sustaining man in interplanetary flights are elaborated.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Inhabited Space, Pt. 2 (NASA-TT-F-820); p 17-28
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  • 70
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    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Clicks and other acoustic stimuli evoke time-locked responses from the brain of man. The properties of the waves recordable within the interval from 1 to 10 msec after the stimuli strike the eardrum are discussed along with factors influencing the waves in the 100 to 500 msec epoch. So-called brainstem responses from a normal young adult are considered. No waves were observed for clicks to weak to be heard. With increasing stimulus strength the waves become larger in amplitude and their latency shortens.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: San Diego Biomedical Symposium; Feb. 6-8, 1974; San Diego, CA
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  • 71
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    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The Skylab program established the opportunity for the first time to perform extensive medical experimentation on man in a long-term zero-g environment. This experimentation involved metabolic studies, cardiovascular systems, nutrition and mineral balance, hematology, vestibular function, and many other related investigations. This report presents an overview of the significant results of the medical experiments performed during the program and a summary of the medical observations gathered by the team of life scientists.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: AAS PAPER 74-176 , Annual Meeting; Aug. 20-22, 1974; Los Angeles, CA
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  • 72
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    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Papers of Reichert and Wong (1971) and Reichert (1972) are referred to as erroneous in stating that in their work with cytochrome c sequences they demonstrated that vertebrates have achieved a higher organized genetic message with a higher fidelity in the DNA-to-protein information processing channel. Arguments are given to contest that statement.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Journal of Molecular Evolution; 3; 3, 19; 1974
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  • 73
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    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Concepts of information theory are applied to examine various proteins in terms of their redundancy in natural originators such as animals and plants. The Monte Carlo method is used to derive information parameters for random protein sequences. Real protein sequence parameters are compared with the standard parameters of protein sequences having a specific length. The tendency of a chain to contain some amino acids more frequently than others and the tendency of a chain to contain certain amino acid pairs more frequently than other pairs are used as randomness measures of individual protein sequences. Non-periodic proteins are generally found to have random Shannon redundancies except in cases of constraints due to short chain length and genetic codes. Redundant characteristics of highly periodic proteins are discussed. A degree of periodicity parameter is derived.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Journal of Molecular Evolution; 3; 3, 19; 1974
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  • 74
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Experiments are described which were designed to assess the degree of adaptation that occurs in rats chronically exposed to the stress of a water-deprivation regimen and to determine if that adaptation represents a normalization of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. There were no significant differences in mean corticosterone concentrations among control nondeprived rats 1, 4, and 8 weeks after the start of the experiment. The water-deprived rats, however, had significantly elevated plasma steroids 1 and 4 weeks after the onset of deprivation as compared to controls, but not after 8 weeks. Thus, there was a significant decrease in mean plasma corticosterone levels during water deprivation from 1 week to 8 weeks.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Physiology and Behavior; 12; 1974
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  • 75
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Five patients were studied with left ventriculography during different phases of the Valsalva manoeuvre. Small doses of contrast medium allowed adequate repetitive visualization of the left ventricle for volume calculation. During strain phase, the volume of the left ventricle decreased by nearly 50 per cent in each case, and stroke volume and cardiac output also dropped strikingly. Release of straining was attended by a sharp rebound of left ventricular volume to control levels, with a transient surge of increased cardiac output 42 per cent above that of the resting state.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: British Heart Journal; 36; July 197
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  • 76
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The saccules of 15 centrifuged rats and 15 control rats were examined for morphological alterations resulting from long-term exposure to hypergravity. Minimal changes were found confined to the otolithic membrane. They were a slight decrease in the overall volume of otolithic membrane, a redistribution of otoconia in the direction of the gravitational force, and a more pronounced 'accessory' membrane. These changes were interpreted as purely mechanical effects of hypergravity, causing accelerated displacement of otoconia and subsequent entrapment of some of them on inferior portions of the primary otolithic membrane and 'accessory' membrane.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Aerospace Medicine; 45; July 197
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  • 77
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: An attempt is made to extend the generality of timeouts from positive reinforcement to more complex performances. Pigeons were provided with three continuously available options. Responses on one key resulted in food reinforcement under a progressive-ratio schedule, which requires a larger number of responses for successive reinforcements; responses on a second key, which were shocked, reset the progressive-ratio schedule to its first step; and responses on a third key produced a 3-min timeout. Some of these conditions have been studied previously (Dardano, 1968, 1973; Findley, 1958). Questions of general interest included the frequency and stability of response-produced timeouts, changes in the properties of the progressive-ratio performance resulting from the occurrence of timeouts, and the similarity of the relationships between timeouts and the reinforced behavior to relationships found under simpler conditions of reinforcement.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior; 22; July 197
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  • 78
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: This study documents bedrest-induced metabolic and physiologic changes in six untrained men exposed, following a two-week period of simulated weightlessness, to possible +Gz acceleration profiles anticipated for Space Shuttle vehicle travel. All subjects demonstrated decreased +Gz tolerance following simulated weightlessness. While only one of six subjects could not tolerate the +Gz profile in the control phase of the study, three of the six could not complete the postbed-rest study. The use of an inflated standard Air Force cutaway G-suit improved +Gz tolerance in all subjects, but two of six subjects still failed to complete the profile. These findings are discussed in reference to the selection of untrained humans for Space Shuttle vehicle travel.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Journal of Applied Physiology; 36; June 197
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  • 79
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: A study was conducted to generate quantitative expressions for the influence of core temperature, skin temperature, and the rate of change of skin temperature on sweat rate, skin blood flow, and heart rate. A second goal of the study was to determine whether the use of esophageal temperature rather than the right atrial temperature as a measure of core temperature would lead to different conclusions about the control of measured effector variables.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Journal of Applied Physiology; 36; June 197
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  • 80
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Chronic low-gravity simulation (pedestal support, suspension by wires or foam, and/or clinostat tumbling) of 11 aquatic red-eared sliders, Pseudemys scripta elegans, and of nine box turtles, Terrapine carolina, resulted in continued but slower linear carapace growth. Decreased shell height was accompanied by drastic plastron infolding. Chronic centrifugation (1.4, 1.8, 2.8, 5, or 8.1 g) of 81 box turtles caused an eventual decrease (12% per g) in linear growth rate. No consistent decrease occurred with aquatic turtles centrifuged at below 6 g. Maximum growth of length and roundness appears near 5 g for aquatic environments and near 1 g in land environments. Present results suggest that some gravity is necessary for normal bone growth.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Aerospace Medicine; 45; June 197
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  • 81
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    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The concept is developed that the atmosphere of the earth flows in a closed system controlled by and for the biosphere. The environmental factors delimiting the biosphere are examined. It is found that neither oxygen nor pressure per se limit the distribution of life as a whole. Rather the major physical variables determining the distribution of organisms are solar radiation, temperature, water abundance, and the concentrations of hydrogen and other ions and elements. An attempt is made to model temperature and atmospheric composition of a lifeless earth.
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  • 82
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
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  • 83
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    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: An investigation is conducted to evaluate the response of the pituitary-adrenal system to a stress stimulus in the rat. In the investigation brain serotonin synthesis was inhibited with p-chlorophenylalanine. In other tests the concentration of serotonin was enhanced with precursors such as tryptophan or 5-hydroxytryptophan. On the basis of the results obtained in the study it is speculated that in some disease states there is a defect in serotonergic neuronal processes which impairs pituitary-adrenal feedback mechanisms.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Nature; 248; Mar. 29
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  • 84
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Circulation Research; 34; Feb. 197
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  • 85
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    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Attention directed toward auditory stimuli, in order to detect an occasional fainter 'signal' stimulus, caused a substantial increase in the N1 (83 msec) and P2 (161 msec) components of the auditory evoked potential without any change in preceding components. This evidence shows that human auditory attention is not mediated by a peripheral gating mechanism. The evoked response to the detected signal stimulus also contained a large P3 (450 msec) wave that was topographically distinct from the preceding components. This late positive wave could also be recorded in response to a detected omitted stimulus in a regular train and therefore seemed to index a stimulus-independent perceptual decision process.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology; 36; Feb. 197
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  • 86
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The contribution of the fastigial nucleus and the vestibular nerves (eighth cranial nerves) to the orthostatic reflexes in anesthetized, paralyzed cats was studied. Bilateral lesions of the rostral fastigial nucleus resulted in impairment of the reflex changes in blood pressure, femoral arterial flow, and resistance evoked by head-up tilting to 30 deg or 60 deg. The rostral fastigial nucleus, which might be triggered by the vestibular apparatus, appears to participate in concert with the baroreceptors in the initiation and possibly the maintenance of the orthostatic reflexes.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Circulation Research; 34; Jan. 197
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  • 87
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The data which have been obtained on the influence of magnetic bracelets on the coagulation and anticoagulation systems of the blood indicate that the wearing of magnetic bracelets results in a decrease in the coagulation activity of the blood and an increase in the activity of the anticoagulation system. These changes must be viewed as favorable for patients with cardiovascular pathology.
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: Studies in Geomagnetism, Aeronomy and Solar Phys. (NASA-TT-F-15862); p 167-190
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