ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-31
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of external price shocks on the real exchange rate and the existence of the Dutch disease, in the case of the Argentine economy. We consider the effects of shocks on the terms of trade, the supply of the agricultural sector (booming sector) and the real exchange rate on the GDP of the manufacturing sector (or, alternatively, on total GDP) and unemployment rates. SVAR models, with long-term restrictions, and quarterly data, covering the 1993-2018 period, are estimated. The results show that the external price shocks and agricultural sector shocks affect positively and permanently to the manufacturing GDP and negatively to the unemployment rates, not finding substantial evidence about existence of the Dutch disease for this economy.
    Keywords: C32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; external price shocks ; real exchange rate ; Dutch disease ; SVAR models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Este capítulo empieza con una definición de los elementos de consenso en la ciencia política sobre el populismo, la idea del "pueblo" versus un "otro". Se agregan dos dimensiones bastante comunes en la caracterización del populismo, la de estilos de liderazgo personalistas y la de desprecio de instituciones tales como los sistemas de frenos y contrapesos. La segunda sección relaciona populismo con el concepto de democracia antiliberal, lo que nos lleva a establecer una contraposición entre populismo y democracia liberal. La tercera sección hace hincapié en la especial importancia del caso argentino en el desarrollo del concepto de populismo en la ciencia política. La cuarta sección analiza la dimensión más contestada de populismo en ciencia policía, la de su ideología. Esto lleva a una diferencia entre la idea de populismo en ciencia política con la idea en economía de populismo como políticas macroeconómicas insostenibles o inconsistentes. En la conclusión se pone el caso argentino dentro del contexto global actual.
    Keywords: H11 ; P51 ; ddc:330 ; maniqueísmo ; populismo político ; democracia antiliberal ; políticas macroeconómicas inconsistentes ; populismo económico ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; modelo logit anidado ; estimación de demanda ; simulación de concentraciones horizontales ; Argentina ; jugos RTD
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Through a VECM, during 1961-2017 in Argentina, we found cointegration between the Multilateral Real Exchange Rate and four fundamental variables: Net Foreign Assets, Public Expenditure, Terms of Trade, and Productivity. Defining the Real Exchange Rate as domestic prices in dollars, we estimate a positive relationship with its fundamentals except for the Terms of Trade. The model anticipates the large devaluations that occurred in 1975 (Rodrigazo), 1981 (Martínez de Hoz), 2002 (end of the Convertibility) and 2015 (end of the "cepo cambiario"). The speed of adjustment is 30% per year. Finally, during 2012-2017 the model estimates an average misalignment (real appreciation) of 15% per year.
    Keywords: C13 ; F14 ; F31 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; multilateral real exchange rate ; net foreign assets ; public expenditure ; terms of trade ; productivity ; VECM
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: H55 ; ddc:330 ; jubilaciones y pensiones ; Argentina ; indicadores ; cobertura ; intensidad ; sostenibilidad financiera
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este estudio presenta evidencia empírica sobre los determinantes de la adopción de certificaciones internacionales de calidad (ISO) y sus efectos sobre el desempeño de las empresas argentinas en los años 2006 y 2010. Los resultados indican que las firmas exportadoras, extranjeras y de mayor tamaño en términos de empleados presentan mayor nivel de adopción, mientras que aquellas empresas que tienen problemas de acceso al financiamiento tienen una adopción menor. Por otro lado, la obtención de certificaciones tiene un efecto positivo en la probabilidad de exportar y el monto exportado, y, además, genera una reducción en la restricción al crédito de las empresas. Sin embargo, no se encuentra ningún efecto sobre ventas locales ni sobre distintas medidas de productividad de las firmas. Estos hallazgos sustentan la hipótesis de que mediante la señalización de calidad las certificaciones permiten resolver principalmente un problema de información asimétrica con respecto a clients externos e instituciones de crédito.
    Keywords: D22 ; D24 ; D82 ; L15 ; L25 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; asimetrías de información ; certificación internacional ; datos de panel ; evaluación de impacto ; señalización de calidad ; Standard ; International ; Einführung ; Unternehmenserfolg ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: This paper investigates the impact of external price shocks on private consumption and investment and the sources of fluctuations in these variables, in the case of Argentina, employing structural VEC models (Structural Vector Error Correction) and quarterly data, covering the period 1993Q1-2017Q1. To that end, short and long-terms restrictions are imposed and five structural shocks are identified: terms of trade, consumption, investment, real exchange rate and unemployment rates. The results show, that both consumption and investment, respond positively and permanently to the external price shocks and are influenced positively each other: investment has a positive effect on private consumption and total consumption impacts on investment positively. A real exchange rate depreciated would have a negative effect on private consumption and investment, in the short term.
    Keywords: C3 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; terms of trade ; consumption ; investment ; SVEC models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-31
    Description: This paper investigates the sources of fluctuations in exports of primary products and manufactures of agricultural origin in Argentina, using structural VEC models (Structural Vector Error Correction) and annual data covering the period 1980-2016. To this end, long term restrictions are imposed on these models and the following structural shocks are identified: real effective exchange rate of U.S., international prices of commodities, agricultural GDP and real exchange rate of Argentina (in addition to exports of these products). The results show that the main sources of fluctuations in exports, after ten years, would be the shocks in international prices and real exchange rate of U.S., while the importance of the real exchange rate of Argentina and, especially, of the supply shocks would be smaller.
    Keywords: C3 ; F1 ; Q1 ; ddc:330 ; macroeconomic shocks ; exports ; primary products ; SVEC models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    Description: The main objective of this research is to estimate and analyze the temporal changes in income mobility between generations in Argentina. For this, the concept of equality of opportunity is considered which offers a natural approach to evaluate the processes of intergenerational mobility (IM). In this context, the importance of the existence of intergenerational income mobility is not that the movements of income between parents and children are intrinsically valuable but is expected to help to reduce the negative effects of disparities in initial endowments or future expected earnings. Since there are no surveys covering long-term information on both children and their fathers' income in Argentina, the empirical strategy implemented is to use two separate samples with information to predict the income of the parents in the past. The main sources of information used are the Social Development Survey 1997 (DHS), the Perception of Social Plans Survey (PSPS) 2007 and the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 2009. The three surveys contain retrospective information on some socioeconomic characteristics of parents of adult surveyed. The results show a significant increase in the average intergenerational mobility between 1997 and 2007 but not between the first year and 2010. But these temporary changes in average levels of income persistence between parents and children are not appreciated at all quantile of the income distribution. Furthermore, the observed increase in the average level of MII from 1997 to 2007 does not appear to have involved an improvement in terms of equality of opportunity in Argentina.
    Keywords: J62 ; D31 ; ddc:330 ; intergenerational mobility ; income ; Argentina ; equality of opportunity ; movilidad intergeneracional ; ingreso ; Argentina ; igualdad de oportunidades
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este trabajo analiza la relación entre la innovación y el empleo a nivel de firma. En particular, contribuye a generar evidencia sobre los efectos de la introducción de innovaciones (de producto o proceso) en el empleo y en su composición en términos de calificaciones. A estos fines, se utiliza el modelo originalmente propuesto por Harrison, Jaumandreu, Mairesse y Peters (2014) con un enfoque de variables instrumentales sobre datos para la industria manufacturera argentina en el período 2010-12. La evidencia sobre el vínculo entre innovación y empleo en economías desarrolladas muestra que los efectos dependen fundamentalmente del tipo de innovación (Harrison et al., 2014). En muchos casos, la introducción de nuevos procesos tiende a reducir el empleo. En cambio, la inclusión de nuevos productos puede generar reemplazos o aumentos en el empleo, que dependen del efecto neto entre los mecanismos de desplazamiento y compensación. La evidencia disponible para Argentina es muy escasa (De Elejalde, Giuliodori y Stucchi, 2011) y se basa en el período 1998-2001. Específicamente en dicho estudio, a pesar de que se observa una destrucción neta del empleo a nivel agregado, se evidencia el efecto amortiguador de las innovaciones de product pero no se constatan grandes cambios en la especialización de la mano de obra debido a la innovación. Estos efectos eran mayors en aquellas empresas que desarrollaban esfuerzos propios de investigación y desarrollo (I+D) y no solo adquirían conocimiento incorporado. Si bien esta evidencia permitió generar datos comparables con otros países de la región (Crespi y Tacsir, 2013; Crespi y Zuñiga, 2012) requiere ser evaluada a la luz de la nueva información disponible. Los resultados de este estudio muestran que si bien las innovaciones de proceso no tienen efecto en el crecimiento del empleo, las de producto tienen un efecto positivo en el empleo. Adicionalmente, las innovaciones de producto también generan un aumento en los niveles de eficiencia en la producción superior a la de los productos existentes. Por su parte, en lo que se refiere a composición del empleo en términos de calificación no se observan sesgos específicos.
    Keywords: D22 ; J23 ; O31 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; empleo ; innovación en manufactura ; Industrieforschung ; Produktentwicklung ; Beschäftigungseffekt ; Qualifikation ; Industrie ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 11
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este estudio evalúa el impacto de asistencias técnicas a micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas (MiPyME) cofinanciadas por el Programa de Acceso al Crédito y Competitividad (PACC) en Argentina. El programa tiene como objetivo incrementar la competitividad de las MiPyME mediante aportes no reembolsables que cofinancian proyectos para desarrollar capacidades empresariales en distintas áreas. Para estimar los efectos del PACC se utiliza una base de datos con información sobre el universo de empresas empleadoras en Argentina desde 2005 hasta 2014 y se combinan metodologías de emparejamiento con efectos fijos y variable dependiente rezagada, explotando el límite inferior y el superior del efecto estimado (bracketing property) de estos dos métodos. Los resultados confirman que el apoyo del PACC es efectivo ya que mejora la competitividad de las firmas a partir de observar efectos positivos sobre empleo, exportaciones, supervivencia y salarios. Además, el estudio muestra que los efectos son heterogéneos de acuerdo al tipo de proyecto que se cofinancia o a la cantidad de apoyos, y también se encuentra que la mayor parte de los efectos se concentran en el primer apoyo recibido, lo cual genera información relevante que puede ser utilizada para un mejor diseño y focalización de este tipo de políticas. Los hallazgos confirman que la resolución de fallas de coordinación y asimetrías de información (vía señalización), que justifican la intervención pública en esta área, permiten que estos proyectos acontezcan y se traduzcan en ganancias de eficiencia para las MiPyME, lo que permite mejorar en última instancia su desempeño.
    Keywords: D2 ; J2 ; L2 ; O2 ; O3 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; asistencias técnicas ; competitividad ; evaluación de impacto ; datos en panel ; MiPyME ; Mittelstandspolitik ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Technische Zusammenarbeit ; Wettbewerb ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 12
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of external price shocks on fiscal policy in Argentina during the last two decades. The paper evaluates, through VAR models with long-term restrictions, the effects of the terms of trade, and the output gap, in revenues, expenditures and the primary fiscal deficit, for the period 1993-2015. The estimation results show that the fiscal policy would have been pro cyclical, since the expenditures and the primary fiscal deficit of the national government increased during periods of boom in commodity prices. The terms of trade and inflation rates would be more important, than shocks in the output gap, to explain the volatility of fiscal ratios, in the long run.
    Keywords: C32 ; E62 ; Q33 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; terms of trade ; fiscal policy ; SVAR models
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 13
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    Keywords: D31 ; J31 ; J38 ; ddc:330 ; Distribución del ingreso ; Desigualdad ; Salario mínimo ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 14
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: This study is a replication and adaptation of Jones and Hensher (2004) model in an emerging economy with the purpose of testing its eternal validity. It compares the logistic standard model's performance with the logistic mixed model to predict bankruptcy risk of Argentinean companies between 1993-2000 by using financial statements and ratios defined in previous studies by Altman and Jones and Hensher. Similar to previous studies, profitability, asset turnover, debt and cash ow from operations explain financial distress' probability. The main contribution of this new methodology is the important reduction of error type I to the 9 %. This study asserts that the logistic mixed model, that considers the effect of non-observed heterogeneity, significantly improves the performance of the logistic standard model.
    Keywords: M4 ; C4 ; ddc:330 ; mixed logistic model ; financial statements ; accounting ratios ; financial distress ; bankruptcy prediction ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 15
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El presente trabajo tiene por objeto demostrar la existencia de la Tasa de Depreciación del Capital Humano en Argentina, haciendo uso de un modelo sencillo que permita incorporar la obsolescencia de sus dos principales fuentes de acumulación, escolaridad y experiencia. Usando los datos provistos por la EPH elaborada por INDEC para el IV trimestre de 2011, se pudo obtener los resultados que prueban dicha hipótesis, evidenciando además que la misma no es constante. Al permitir la identificación de las fuentes de acumulación de Capital Humano, también puede diferenciarse las tasas de depreciación de cada una de ellas y su efecto sobre la depreciación de dicho capital como un todo. Así mismo se identifican diferencias en las tasas de depreciación para diferentes rangos de edades, e incluso para diferentes sectores industriales, incorporando el concepto de depreciación externa al de depreciación interna.
    Keywords: J24 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Capital Humano ; Tasa de Depreciación ; Argentina ; Heckman ; sesgo de selección ; escolaridad ; experiencia ; Humankapital ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 16
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: El programa de Asignación Universal por Hijo en Argentina extiende a los desocupados y trabajadores informales un beneficio antes limitado a los empleados formales. Esta extensión podría modificar los incentivos laborales, estimulando una menor participación en el sector formal respecto de la que hubiese surgido en ausencia del programa. En este trabajo estimamos ese efecto comparando en el tiempo al grupo de hogares elegibles (informales, con hijos), con un grupo semejante pero no elegible (sin hijos). Los resultados sugieren un significativo desincentivo hacia la formalización de los beneficiarios, pero no hay evidencia de un incentivo hacia la informalidad de los trabajadores registrados.
    Keywords: H55 ; I38 ; O17 ; ddc:330 ; Informalidad ; protección social ; AUH ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 17
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The purpose of this document is to prove that the establishment in Argentina of regulations and records for exchange market transactions has a positive externality with respect to the prevention and control of asset laundering and potential terrorist financing, thus making this type of criminal transactions through this channel extremely difficult.
    Keywords: F31 ; G18 ; K14 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; exchange rate market regulations ; asset laundering ; terrorist financing ; Devisenmarkt ; Wechselkurspolitik ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 18
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: In order to promote public policies aimed at enhancing financial inclusion, the Central Bank of Argentina makes periodic efforts to study, measure and analyze the processes of access and use of financial services by households in Argentina. The main objective of this paper is to use the information gathered by INDEC's Permanent Household Survey to explore the use of credit (from both formal and informal financial providers) and dissaving to understand the determinants of household financial behavior. Using multivariate probit models, we document the effects of different demographic and socio-economic variables on the estimated probability of adopting certain financial behaviors. These models can also be a statistically appropriate way to analyze the simultaneous determination of different observed actions in households' financial management. Thus, controlling for a set of exogenous variables while adding explanatory variables as endogenous regressors, we show that the inclusion of the latter is both statistically relevant and useful in identifying the existence of substitutability between some financial behaviors and of complementarity among others.
    Keywords: C31 ; G20 ; R29 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; financial services ; financial behavior of families ; household surveys ; multivariate probit
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 19
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En este trabajo se documenta y analiza la segregación escolar entre alumnos de distintos estratos socioeconómicos que asisten a escuelas públicas y privadas en Argentina. El trabajo contribuye con evidencia empírica a la medición de este fenómeno desde 1986 hasta la actualidad, incluyendo proyecciones hasta 2014. Para ello se utiliza información de todas las grandes encuestas de hogares realizadas en el país. Los resultados sugieren que el grado de segregación escolar habría aumentado sustancialmente desde mediados de los 1980s hasta la actualidad y es probable que continúe aumentando en los primeros años de los 2010s.
    Description: This paper studies school segregation among students from different socioeconomic strata attending public and private schools in Argentina. The study contributes with empirical evidence to the measurement of this phenomenon from 1986 to the present, including projections to 2014. To this end, all major household surveys conducted in the country are used. The results suggest that the degree of school segregation has increased substantially since the mid-1980s to the present and is likely to continue rising in the early years of the 2010s.
    Keywords: D63 ; I21 ; Z13 ; ddc:330 ; segregación ; educación ; Argentina ; desigualdad
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 20
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En este trabajo utilizamos los más recientes métodos de regresión no condicionada por cuantiles (RNCQ) para estudiar los efectos distributivos de la educación en Argentina. Los métodos estándar se centran, por lo general, en efectos promedio o estudian los efectos distributivos ya sea haciendo uso de suposiciones estrictas al modelar y/o a través de descomposiciones contrafácticas que requieren varias observaciones temporales. La aplicación empírica en este trabajo muestra la flexibilidad y utilidad de los métodos de RNCQ. Nuestra aplicación para el caso de Argentina sugiere que la educación ha contribuido positivamente al aumento de la desigualdad, debido principalmente a efectos fuertemente heterogéneos de la educación sobre los ingresos.
    Description: This paper studies inequality of opportunity on earnings among young argentines. It aims to contribute to measure this phenomenon and it uses information from household surveys conducted in Argentina from 2004 to the present. Sample selection into employment and co-residence selection is dealt with a multiple selection model. We consider some econometrics methods implemented by Bourguignon, Ferreira y Menéndez (2007) to measure the degree of inequality of opportunity. The results suggest that while income inequality has decreased there seems no clear pattern of inequality of opportunity, moreover in recent periods it has increased. -- inequality of opportunity ; income inequality ; Argentina
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; ddc:330 ; inequality of opportunity ; income inequality ; Argentina ; Arbeitsmarktdiskriminierung ; Einkommensverteilung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 21
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Se presenta una valuación del impacto que podría producir la planta de celulosa de Fray Bentos sobre el turismo recreativo en el río Uruguay por cambios en el paisaje y en la calidad de las aguas. Los datos provienen de una encuesta realizada en diciembre 2006 y la metodología es de valoración de comportamiento contingente. Surge del trabajo que los visitantes de Gualeguaychú estarían dispuestos a desplazarse (con el consiguiente costo que ello implicaría) para evitar el daño que podría causar la papelera.
    Description: This paper performs an economic valuation of the potential environmental impact that the pulp mill recently installed on the Uruguay River could cause to tourism, due to visual pollution and changes in water quality. The data comes from a contingent behaviour survey conducted in Gualeguaychú (Argentina) in December 2006. We conclude that tourists do value potential environmental damages to the area that may originate from the pulp mill operating in Fray Bentos.
    Keywords: Q5 ; ddc:330 ; Valuación ; Impacto Ambiental ; Planta de celulosa ; Uruguay ; Argentina ; Valuation ; Environmental Impact ; Pulp mills
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 22
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The profit-maximizing and oligopoly bank model developed by Bresnahan and Lau allows determining the degree of market power held by an average bank. The equilibrium price equation includes a mark up, which is not used in the case of perfect competition but which is partially used in the case of oligopoly or monopolistic competition, and it is fully used in the case of monopoly. This paper explores the degree of competition in the credit market of Argentina in the period 2002-2007. The hypothesis of perfect competition in the loan market can be rejected.
    Keywords: E43 ; E51 ; F36 ; G21 ; L1 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; banks ; Cournot equilibrium ; market power ; loan markets ; oligopoly ; perfect competition ; Bank ; Kreditmarkt ; Marktstruktur ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 23
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The presence of seasonal fluctuations (regular behavior along the year related to weather or institutional factors) invalidates monthly (quarterly) comparisons. In turn, since inter-annual variations depend on the comparison basis being used, they could provide very little information to the short-term analysis. The purpose of this document is, on the one hand, to underline the need of using time series adjusted for seasonality and for calendar effects in the short-term analysis and, on the other hand, to show an application of seasonal adjustment to Bills & Coins (B&C) time series of Argentina in the period 1992-2007. The main contribution of this application, if compared to seasonal adjustments made before, lies in the fact that it incorporates for the first time the local calendar into the seasonal analysis, in addition to taking advantage of other attributes of the seasonal adjustment such as the ad-hoc length of the seasonal and trend-cycle filters which provide a more appropriate adjustment to the data observed in the Argentine economy. The role of the calendar effects to explain the seasonal contribution turned out to be statistically significant though of relative economic importance, with the exception of the month of December. Regarding the seasonal component, the main source behind seasonality has not been modified in the period under analysis. However, the intensity of the seasonal component has changed. B&C seasonal factors suffered a significant reduction from 1997 to date. The reasons are strongly related to the bank service accessibility process and the introduction of new technologies into the Argentine economy since the late 1990s. It is likely that the payment of salaries to employees through bank accounts has been the most influential factor of this bank service accessibility process. As regards seasonality contribution to B&C demand for the period 2003-2007, it is close to ± 3 pp of demand, depending on whether it is a peak (i.e. an increase of demand due to seasonal factors) or a valley (i.e. a lower demand due to seasonal reasons).
    Keywords: C40 ; E50 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; calendar effects ; monetary aggregates ; seasonal adjustment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 24
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the determinants of the interest rate of short-term unsecured loan inter-bank market (call) in Argentina. The results show that the heterogeneous nature of the entities, in terms of size and origin of ownership, impacts on the interest rate agreed. Other additional aspects, such as the linkages between entities and the degree of supply or demand concentration, also affect the cost of funding. The structure of the market and the repo rates established by the BCRA are also relevant. Finally, the interest rate reacts positively when banks have a higher demand for liquidity, due to both seasonality and episodes of reduction in deposits.
    Keywords: E43 ; E58 ; G14 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; interest rate ; monetary policy ; short-term liquidity markets ; Geldmarkt ; Zins ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 25
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the response of the soybean sown area of Argentina to changes in price incentives and other variables which are relevant for agricultural production. To this effect, VEC models are estimated for some of the main producing provinces and for the country’s total in the period 1974-2006. The estimated models allow analyzing the long-term relationship among the share of soybean sown area, relative prices, the use of certain inputs, and the risks involved. For models where cointegration relations are observed, positive and significative responses are found in the soybean sown area to changes in relative prices.
    Keywords: C1 ; Q1 ; R3 ; ddc:330 ; agricultural production ; Argentina ; elasticities ; relative prices ; risks ; soybean
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 26
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: Se estiman, por diferencias en diferencias, los efectos sobre el acceso a educación media de la implementación de la reforma originada en la Ley Federal de Educación (Nº24.195/1993). Se concluye que su aplicación logra mejorar el acceso pero lo hace aún más sobre las trayectorias escolares. Se muestra que estos resultados disminuyen con el nivel educativo e incluso son negativos para las provincias con más de 10 años de educación (nivel meta de la Ley). Adicionalmente, estos efectos son crecientes a medida que transcurre el tiempo de aplicación por lo que debiera esperarse cierta convergencia entre provincias. Palabras Claves: Reforma Educativa, Evaluación de impacto, Heterogeneidad de efectos, Acceso a la educación, Calidad del acceso a educación, Argentina, Ley Federal de Educación, Ley Nacional de Educación.
    Keywords: I28 ; H40 ; H70 ; ddc:330 ; Reforma Educativa ; Evaluación de impacto ; Heterogeneidad de efectos ; Acceso a la educación ; Calidad del acceso a educación ; Argentina ; Ley Federal de Educación ; Ley Nacional de Educación
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 27
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the relationship between the quality of the commercial credit portfolio and diversification in the financial entities of Argentina during the period 1998-2006. To this effect, a database of the financial sector (banking and non-banking) is used, which allows to consider three potential dimensions of diversification: per productive sector, per province and per client. In addition to characterizing the financial entities’ diversification decisions during the period under analysis, which includes the severe economic and financial crisis of late 2001, the paper analyzes the determinants of the portfolio’s quality including the effect of diversification in the three dimensions stated above. The results indicate that, by controlling for the relevant variables, specialization improves the quality of the credit portfolio.
    Keywords: C23 ; G21 ; G23 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; banks ; credit diversification ; loan quality ; non-performing loans ; Bankrisiko ; Diversifikation ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 28
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Inflation forecasting plays a central role in monetary policy formulation. At the same time, recent international empirical evidence suggests that with the decline in inflation of recent years, the joint dynamics of this variable and its potential predictors has changed and inflation has become more unpredictable. Using a univariate model as a benchmark, we evaluate the predictive capacity of certain causal models linked to different inflation theories, such as the Phillips Curve and a monetary VAR. We also analyze the predictive power of models that use factors that combine the overall variability of a large number of business cycle time series as predictors. We compare their relative performance using a set of parametric and non-parametric tests proposed by Diebold and Mariano (1995). Although the univariate model performs best, as the forecast horizon lengthens, multivariate models performance improves. In particular, a monetary VAR performs better than the univariate ARMA model in the case of a one-year horizon. Nevertheless, when tests are calculated to evaluate the statistical significance of differences in the predictive capacity of models, taking a univariate ARMA model as a benchmark, differences are not statistically significant. Finally, estimated models are pooled to forecast inflation. Some of the forecast combinations outperform the best individual forecast over a one-year horizon. Taking into account that a one year-horizon is relevant for economic policy decisions, the possibility of combining both univariate and multivariate models for forecasting purpose is interesting, because it it can also be helpful to answer specific economic policy questions.
    Keywords: C32 ; E31 ; E37 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; inflation forecast ; multivariate models ; pooling ; univariate models ; Inflation ; Prognose ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 29
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: The aim of this paper is to analyze the existence of poverty traps in Argentina. In order to do it so, the income dynamic was estimated by using a pseudo panel built from the Encuesta Permanente de Hogares. This methodology allows to overcome econometric challenges involved in testing for the presence of poverty traps: lack of long duration panels, attrition, and measurement error in income. The results do find no evidence for the existence of poverty traps due to nonlinearities in income dynamics. El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar la existencia de trampas de pobreza en Argentina. Para ello se estima la dinámica de ingresos a partir de un pseudo panel construido con información brindada por la Encuesta Permanente de Hogares. Esta metodología permite superar los problemas econométricos que enfrenta la estimación de trampas de pobreza: carencia de un panel para un periodo largo de tiempo, attrition y la presencia de errores no clásicos de medición en los ingresos. Los resultados encontrados descartan la existencia de trampas de pobreza debido a no linealidades en la dinámica de ingresos.
    Keywords: C23 ; C81 ; I32 ; ddc:330 ; Trampas de pobreza ; dinámica de ingresos ; pseudo panel ; Argentina ; Armut ; Panel ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 30
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: Este trabajo presenta y discute un conjunto de estadísticas que caracterizan el nivel y la evolución de la polarización laboral en Argentina entre los años 1992 y 2006. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren que el nivel de polarización ha atravesado una primera etapa de crecimiento para luego iniciar un proceso de reducción. Los retornos a la educación se muestran como la fuerza fundamental para explicar la evolución de la polarización en el mercado de trabajo. La obtención de una distribución más igualitaria del capital humano parece ser el camino a seguir para alcanzar un mercado laboral menos polarizado.
    Keywords: D3 ; D6 ; I3 ; J3 ; ddc:330 ; polarización ; mercado laboral ; desigualdad ; Argentina ; Einkommensverteilung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 31
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; milenio ; odm ; politicas publicas ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 32
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: Este trabajo busca contribuir al análisis de la informalidad laboral en la Argentina, mediante una evaluación de la estructura del mercado laboral y de la movilidad ocupacional entre distintas categorías de empleo, entre las cuales se incluye la posibilidad de distintos tipos de trabajo informal. Adicionalmente, se estudian los determinantes de que un trabajador busque cambiar su empleo, y la influencia de esta situación en la movilidad ocupacional. En las estimaciones se utilizan microdatos obtenidos de las EPH para el período 1998-2006. Los resultados indican que el sector informal representa una proporción importante del mercado laboral en su conjunto y que se experimentaron importantes movimientos ocupacionales en el período bajo análisis. Si bien la evidencia no es concluyente, muchos de los resultados apoyan la idea de que gran parte de la informalidad observada en el mercado laboral argentino es involuntaria y esta relacionada con los vaivenes económicos del país.
    Keywords: J21 ; J23 ; J62 ; ddc:330 ; informalidad ; escape ; exclusión ; mercado laboral ; movilidad ocupacional ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 33
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: La pobreza multidimensional es un tópico que ha recibido gradualmente mayor atención dentro la literatura distributiva. Esta disciplina ampliada cuenta con escasa investigación en América Latina y el Caribe. El propósito exploratorio de este trabajo consiste en definir operativamente el concepto, realizar un análisis de su asociación con la pobreza tradicional y, dada su naturaleza relativa, proponer una estrategia de medición para una sociedad determinada en base a functionings esenciales delineados por Sen y a un trabajo previo de Poggi (2004). Se aplica la metodología a la Argentina para el período 1998-2002, donde los datos permiten estimar pobreza mediante cuatro dimensiones: laboral, vivienda, educación e ingresos.
    Keywords: D30 ; I30 ; ddc:330 ; pobreza multidimensional relativa ; dimensiones fundamentales ; functionings ; medición ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 34
    Publication Date: 2018-10-26
    Description: El presente trabajo analiza, desde una perspectiva comparada, las percepciones de las elites parlamentarias de los países miembros del MERCOSUR respecto a las Fuerzas Armadas y a cuestiones de seguridad y defensa. Ante la creciente cooperación en materia de seguridad, se indaga en el plano de los valores y convicciones de las elites políticas para buscar indicios relacionados con el desarrollo de una comunidad regional de seguridad en el sur de América Latina. A partir de los resultados de dos proyectos de investigación empírica sobre los sectores parlamentarios, el artículo identifica semejanzas y discrepancias entre las percepciones de los diputados y senadores de Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay, y discute las posibles consecuencias con miras a una profundización de la cooperación en materia de seguridad.
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; Integración regional ; democratización ; política de seguridad ; Fuerzas Armadas ; parlamento ; Mercosur ; Argentina ; Brasil ; Uruguay ; Paraguay ; Chile Ruth Fuchs
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 35
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: El presente trabajo realiza una aplicación para Argentina de la nueva metodología del cálculo de la polarización del ingreso desarrollada por Duclos-Esteban-Ray (2003) entre 1998 y 2002. Se comprobó que a pesar de la desaceleración del crecimiento de la desigualdad, la polarización aumentó su tasa de ascenso año tras año. La población de bajos ingresos fue la que más contribuyó a la polarización. Asimismo, la polarización se incrementó en cada una de las regiones.
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; I32 ; ddc:330 ; polarización ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...