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  • Argentina  (35)
  • M14  (26)
  • ddc:300  (23)
  • Spanish  (83)
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  • 1
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-31
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of external price shocks on the real exchange rate and the existence of the Dutch disease, in the case of the Argentine economy. We consider the effects of shocks on the terms of trade, the supply of the agricultural sector (booming sector) and the real exchange rate on the GDP of the manufacturing sector (or, alternatively, on total GDP) and unemployment rates. SVAR models, with long-term restrictions, and quarterly data, covering the 1993-2018 period, are estimated. The results show that the external price shocks and agricultural sector shocks affect positively and permanently to the manufacturing GDP and negatively to the unemployment rates, not finding substantial evidence about existence of the Dutch disease for this economy.
    Keywords: C32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; external price shocks ; real exchange rate ; Dutch disease ; SVAR models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This study aims to explore the key factors that may affect the entrepreneurial capacity of students of Higher Education Centers (CES). Once the factors were established, these were grouped into internal and external to the ESCs, then the AHP method was applied to determine the relative weights of each of the criteria to groups of experts belonging to different disciplines and Latin American countries. Through the consensus of the experts, the results indicate that internal factors that most influence the entrepreneurship of their students are "Entrepreneurial Spirit", "Work Experience" and "Performance of specific courses" and as external factors affect to a greater extent "The Networks", "Friends" and "Scope of development". The results of the study can be used as an important reference for educational establishments, to define strategies based on these factors, which help to improve ecosystems within their centers, effectively enhancing the entrepreneurial capacity of their students.
    Keywords: I23 ; M13 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; entrepreneurship ; Higher Education centers ; entrepreneurial capacity ; entrepreneurial ecosystem
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Este capítulo empieza con una definición de los elementos de consenso en la ciencia política sobre el populismo, la idea del "pueblo" versus un "otro". Se agregan dos dimensiones bastante comunes en la caracterización del populismo, la de estilos de liderazgo personalistas y la de desprecio de instituciones tales como los sistemas de frenos y contrapesos. La segunda sección relaciona populismo con el concepto de democracia antiliberal, lo que nos lleva a establecer una contraposición entre populismo y democracia liberal. La tercera sección hace hincapié en la especial importancia del caso argentino en el desarrollo del concepto de populismo en la ciencia política. La cuarta sección analiza la dimensión más contestada de populismo en ciencia policía, la de su ideología. Esto lleva a una diferencia entre la idea de populismo en ciencia política con la idea en economía de populismo como políticas macroeconómicas insostenibles o inconsistentes. En la conclusión se pone el caso argentino dentro del contexto global actual.
    Keywords: H11 ; P51 ; ddc:330 ; maniqueísmo ; populismo político ; democracia antiliberal ; políticas macroeconómicas inconsistentes ; populismo económico ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; modelo logit anidado ; estimación de demanda ; simulación de concentraciones horizontales ; Argentina ; jugos RTD
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Through a VECM, during 1961-2017 in Argentina, we found cointegration between the Multilateral Real Exchange Rate and four fundamental variables: Net Foreign Assets, Public Expenditure, Terms of Trade, and Productivity. Defining the Real Exchange Rate as domestic prices in dollars, we estimate a positive relationship with its fundamentals except for the Terms of Trade. The model anticipates the large devaluations that occurred in 1975 (Rodrigazo), 1981 (Martínez de Hoz), 2002 (end of the Convertibility) and 2015 (end of the "cepo cambiario"). The speed of adjustment is 30% per year. Finally, during 2012-2017 the model estimates an average misalignment (real appreciation) of 15% per year.
    Keywords: C13 ; F14 ; F31 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; multilateral real exchange rate ; net foreign assets ; public expenditure ; terms of trade ; productivity ; VECM
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: H55 ; ddc:330 ; jubilaciones y pensiones ; Argentina ; indicadores ; cobertura ; intensidad ; sostenibilidad financiera
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este estudio presenta evidencia empírica sobre los determinantes de la adopción de certificaciones internacionales de calidad (ISO) y sus efectos sobre el desempeño de las empresas argentinas en los años 2006 y 2010. Los resultados indican que las firmas exportadoras, extranjeras y de mayor tamaño en términos de empleados presentan mayor nivel de adopción, mientras que aquellas empresas que tienen problemas de acceso al financiamiento tienen una adopción menor. Por otro lado, la obtención de certificaciones tiene un efecto positivo en la probabilidad de exportar y el monto exportado, y, además, genera una reducción en la restricción al crédito de las empresas. Sin embargo, no se encuentra ningún efecto sobre ventas locales ni sobre distintas medidas de productividad de las firmas. Estos hallazgos sustentan la hipótesis de que mediante la señalización de calidad las certificaciones permiten resolver principalmente un problema de información asimétrica con respecto a clients externos e instituciones de crédito.
    Keywords: D22 ; D24 ; D82 ; L15 ; L25 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; asimetrías de información ; certificación internacional ; datos de panel ; evaluación de impacto ; señalización de calidad ; Standard ; International ; Einführung ; Unternehmenserfolg ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: This paper investigates the impact of external price shocks on private consumption and investment and the sources of fluctuations in these variables, in the case of Argentina, employing structural VEC models (Structural Vector Error Correction) and quarterly data, covering the period 1993Q1-2017Q1. To that end, short and long-terms restrictions are imposed and five structural shocks are identified: terms of trade, consumption, investment, real exchange rate and unemployment rates. The results show, that both consumption and investment, respond positively and permanently to the external price shocks and are influenced positively each other: investment has a positive effect on private consumption and total consumption impacts on investment positively. A real exchange rate depreciated would have a negative effect on private consumption and investment, in the short term.
    Keywords: C3 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; terms of trade ; consumption ; investment ; SVEC models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-31
    Description: This paper investigates the sources of fluctuations in exports of primary products and manufactures of agricultural origin in Argentina, using structural VEC models (Structural Vector Error Correction) and annual data covering the period 1980-2016. To this end, long term restrictions are imposed on these models and the following structural shocks are identified: real effective exchange rate of U.S., international prices of commodities, agricultural GDP and real exchange rate of Argentina (in addition to exports of these products). The results show that the main sources of fluctuations in exports, after ten years, would be the shocks in international prices and real exchange rate of U.S., while the importance of the real exchange rate of Argentina and, especially, of the supply shocks would be smaller.
    Keywords: C3 ; F1 ; Q1 ; ddc:330 ; macroeconomic shocks ; exports ; primary products ; SVEC models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
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    Hamburg: German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA)
    Publication Date: 2018-10-10
    Description: Este artículo examina las dinámicas en torno a los mecanismos de participación ciudadana que se han activado en fronteras extractivas de Colombia desde 2004 con el fin de proteger las fuentes de agua, los territorios y los medios de vida campesinos. Los casos demuestran que ha habido dos olas de democratización ambiental en Colombia, que existe una sinergia entre los instrumentos de deliberación y de participación, tensiones entre la democracia participativa y la representativa, y que los discursos sobre el agua constituyen un hilo conductor que unifica la movilización para la democratización ambiental en el contexto de los conflictos socio ambientales. La emergencia de, y las barreras a, la democratización ambiental se analizan como dos tendencias opuestas constituidas por diferentes capas de lógicas y estrategias. Vistas en el contexto nacional, las movilizaciones sociales en las fronteras extractivas están reinterpretando la democracia, fortaleciendo las luchas por la justicia ambiental y poniendo de manifiesto las contradicciones del capitalismo. La respuesta de la sociedad en general a estas iniciativas tiene implicaciones importantes para el futuro de modelos económicos menos destructivos y para la democracia misma.
    Description: This article examines the dynamics around citizen participation mechanisms activated in the extractive frontiers of Colombia since 2004 to protect water sources, territories, and peasant livelihoods. The cases show that there have been two waves of environmental democratisation in Colombia; that there is synergy between the instruments of deliberation and participation, as well as tension between participatory and representative democracy; and that water discourses are a common thread that unifies mobilisation for environmental democratisation in the context of socio-environmental conflicts. The emergence of and barriers to environmental democratisation are analysed as two opposing trends constituted by different logics and strategies. Viewed in the national context, the social mobilisations emerging in extractive frontiers are reinterpreting democracy, strengthening claims for environmental justice, and making evident the contradictions of capitalism. The response of the broader society has important implications for the future of less destructive economic models and for democracy itself.
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; environmental democratisation ; water ; extractive frontiers ; Colombia ; Latin America ; socio‐environmental conflicts
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    Description: The main objective of this research is to estimate and analyze the temporal changes in income mobility between generations in Argentina. For this, the concept of equality of opportunity is considered which offers a natural approach to evaluate the processes of intergenerational mobility (IM). In this context, the importance of the existence of intergenerational income mobility is not that the movements of income between parents and children are intrinsically valuable but is expected to help to reduce the negative effects of disparities in initial endowments or future expected earnings. Since there are no surveys covering long-term information on both children and their fathers' income in Argentina, the empirical strategy implemented is to use two separate samples with information to predict the income of the parents in the past. The main sources of information used are the Social Development Survey 1997 (DHS), the Perception of Social Plans Survey (PSPS) 2007 and the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 2009. The three surveys contain retrospective information on some socioeconomic characteristics of parents of adult surveyed. The results show a significant increase in the average intergenerational mobility between 1997 and 2007 but not between the first year and 2010. But these temporary changes in average levels of income persistence between parents and children are not appreciated at all quantile of the income distribution. Furthermore, the observed increase in the average level of MII from 1997 to 2007 does not appear to have involved an improvement in terms of equality of opportunity in Argentina.
    Keywords: J62 ; D31 ; ddc:330 ; intergenerational mobility ; income ; Argentina ; equality of opportunity ; movilidad intergeneracional ; ingreso ; Argentina ; igualdad de oportunidades
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este trabajo analiza la relación entre la innovación y el empleo a nivel de firma. En particular, contribuye a generar evidencia sobre los efectos de la introducción de innovaciones (de producto o proceso) en el empleo y en su composición en términos de calificaciones. A estos fines, se utiliza el modelo originalmente propuesto por Harrison, Jaumandreu, Mairesse y Peters (2014) con un enfoque de variables instrumentales sobre datos para la industria manufacturera argentina en el período 2010-12. La evidencia sobre el vínculo entre innovación y empleo en economías desarrolladas muestra que los efectos dependen fundamentalmente del tipo de innovación (Harrison et al., 2014). En muchos casos, la introducción de nuevos procesos tiende a reducir el empleo. En cambio, la inclusión de nuevos productos puede generar reemplazos o aumentos en el empleo, que dependen del efecto neto entre los mecanismos de desplazamiento y compensación. La evidencia disponible para Argentina es muy escasa (De Elejalde, Giuliodori y Stucchi, 2011) y se basa en el período 1998-2001. Específicamente en dicho estudio, a pesar de que se observa una destrucción neta del empleo a nivel agregado, se evidencia el efecto amortiguador de las innovaciones de product pero no se constatan grandes cambios en la especialización de la mano de obra debido a la innovación. Estos efectos eran mayors en aquellas empresas que desarrollaban esfuerzos propios de investigación y desarrollo (I+D) y no solo adquirían conocimiento incorporado. Si bien esta evidencia permitió generar datos comparables con otros países de la región (Crespi y Tacsir, 2013; Crespi y Zuñiga, 2012) requiere ser evaluada a la luz de la nueva información disponible. Los resultados de este estudio muestran que si bien las innovaciones de proceso no tienen efecto en el crecimiento del empleo, las de producto tienen un efecto positivo en el empleo. Adicionalmente, las innovaciones de producto también generan un aumento en los niveles de eficiencia en la producción superior a la de los productos existentes. Por su parte, en lo que se refiere a composición del empleo en términos de calificación no se observan sesgos específicos.
    Keywords: D22 ; J23 ; O31 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; empleo ; innovación en manufactura ; Industrieforschung ; Produktentwicklung ; Beschäftigungseffekt ; Qualifikation ; Industrie ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este estudio evalúa el impacto de asistencias técnicas a micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas (MiPyME) cofinanciadas por el Programa de Acceso al Crédito y Competitividad (PACC) en Argentina. El programa tiene como objetivo incrementar la competitividad de las MiPyME mediante aportes no reembolsables que cofinancian proyectos para desarrollar capacidades empresariales en distintas áreas. Para estimar los efectos del PACC se utiliza una base de datos con información sobre el universo de empresas empleadoras en Argentina desde 2005 hasta 2014 y se combinan metodologías de emparejamiento con efectos fijos y variable dependiente rezagada, explotando el límite inferior y el superior del efecto estimado (bracketing property) de estos dos métodos. Los resultados confirman que el apoyo del PACC es efectivo ya que mejora la competitividad de las firmas a partir de observar efectos positivos sobre empleo, exportaciones, supervivencia y salarios. Además, el estudio muestra que los efectos son heterogéneos de acuerdo al tipo de proyecto que se cofinancia o a la cantidad de apoyos, y también se encuentra que la mayor parte de los efectos se concentran en el primer apoyo recibido, lo cual genera información relevante que puede ser utilizada para un mejor diseño y focalización de este tipo de políticas. Los hallazgos confirman que la resolución de fallas de coordinación y asimetrías de información (vía señalización), que justifican la intervención pública en esta área, permiten que estos proyectos acontezcan y se traduzcan en ganancias de eficiencia para las MiPyME, lo que permite mejorar en última instancia su desempeño.
    Keywords: D2 ; J2 ; L2 ; O2 ; O3 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; asistencias técnicas ; competitividad ; evaluación de impacto ; datos en panel ; MiPyME ; Mittelstandspolitik ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Technische Zusammenarbeit ; Wettbewerb ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2018-02-08
    Description: This research tested and empirically analyzes the in uence of certain intangibles business on the export performance of manufacturing SMEs. Specifically, the proposed research model assesses the relationship between participative management, entrepreneurial culture and innovative orientation, managerial capacity and export performance. Considering the innovative orientation as a key in these businesses to compete in foreign markets, and export performance as a measure of competitive success, elaborate on how it affects promote an entrepreneurial culture, and how it in uences managerial capacity to conquer external markets. The technique Partial Least Squares (PLS) has been applied in 180 manufacturing SMEs. The results show that the entrepreneurial culture is a mediating variable between participatory management style and innovative orientation of the company and managerial capacity affect export performance but not moderate the relationship between innovation and export performance orientation.
    Keywords: L21 ; M14 ; M3 ; ddc:330 ; entrepreneurial culture ; export performance ; innovative orientation ; participative management ; managerial ability
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2018-02-08
    Description: The importance of management systems for the integration of CSR in the company strategy is a vital resource that has been little studied in technology companies. In this paper a structural equation model is proposed in order to explain the in uence of CSR and its integration into the management system of the company. This in uence is facilitated by the existence of previous standardized management systems, and how this integration affects the strategy of the company and if this is a reflection on the economic performance of the technology company. The study was conducted in companies located in Spanish Science and Technology Parks. On the one hand, model results shows that there is a positive, direct and statistically significant relationship between the integration of CSR and strategy; on the other hand, performance and integration has also this relationship. Likewise, the model shows also some indirect evidence relations between Management System before the implementation of CSR and performance.
    Keywords: M14 ; ddc:330 ; structure equation modeling ; corporate social responsibility ; technology companies ; integration ; performance
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 16
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The maximization of profit as the main objective of companies is being criticized from different forums, advocating for an economic system in which the achievement of social sustainability will play a leading role. In the banking sector, after the outbreak of the crisis in 2008, financial bailouts that have used public funds to save various entities have provoked a current of opinion about the necessary social role that banking companies must develop. In this article, a case study is carried out analyzing the role of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in ABANCA, the financial institution with the largest presence in Galicia (northwest Spain), which has been rescued with public money, Identifying a series of objectives and actions carried out by said entity. The analyzes carried out show, among others, the importance of trust and transparency, as well as attention to intangibles.
    Keywords: G30 ; G38 ; L21 ; M14 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: Integrated reporting (IR) is one of the latest innovations regarding sustainability reporting and non-financial information in the world. Although some companies began IR practices in the 2000s (Eccles & Krzus, 2010), IR has only been recognized since 2010 as the best way to get a complete picture of the value of organizations, overcoming the limitations of traditional reports (Eccles & Krzus, 2010; Jensen & Berg, 2012; Abeysekera, 2013).Our research aims to analyze this innovative reporting trend. To do this, we first review some practices in the annual reports published by the pioneering companies in IR, then, we present the antecedents for the current IR framework. Finally we look into the process that the International Integrated Reporting Council has followed to develop the framework, pointing out some milestones for the widespread adoption of integrated reporting.Our findings suggest that reporting practices have been ahead both from theoretical developments and institutional efforts. However, private regulators continue to have a major influence on the theoretical definition of standards that are intended to guide IR and the development of accountability practices to stakeholders.
    Keywords: M14 ; M40 ; ddc:650 ; Integrated reporting ; Reporting ; Financial and non-financial information ; First integrated reporting practices ; International Integrated Reporting Council pilot programme ; The International Integrated Reporting Framework
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 18
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of external price shocks on fiscal policy in Argentina during the last two decades. The paper evaluates, through VAR models with long-term restrictions, the effects of the terms of trade, and the output gap, in revenues, expenditures and the primary fiscal deficit, for the period 1993-2015. The estimation results show that the fiscal policy would have been pro cyclical, since the expenditures and the primary fiscal deficit of the national government increased during periods of boom in commodity prices. The terms of trade and inflation rates would be more important, than shocks in the output gap, to explain the volatility of fiscal ratios, in the long run.
    Keywords: C32 ; E62 ; Q33 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; terms of trade ; fiscal policy ; SVAR models
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Los recursos de naturaleza intangible se han convertido en los principales generadores de valor de manera sostenible en las empresas. En concreto, aquellos que permanecen ocultos en los balances debido a las dificultades que plantea su reconocimiento y medición (es decir, lo que se denomina capital intelectual). Si bien, el suministro por parte de las empresas de información voluntaria sobre estos recursos puede ayudar a reducir las posibles asimetrías de información y mejorar la transparencia informativa entre sus grupos de interés (stakeholders). En este sentido, los informes anuales son los principales medios de divulgación que tienen las empresas para suministrar información voluntaria. Sin embargo, en los últimos años, las memorias de sostenibilidad se han convertido en la principal vía de comunicación como mecanismo para legitimar las actuaciones de las empresas ante sus stakeholders. Así, nuestro objetivo es explorar y analizar el medio de comunicación que están empleando las empresas para suministrar información voluntaria sobre sus recursos intangibles ocultos. Los resultados obtenidos permiten concluir que se ha producido un cambio en la política de información empresarial y las memorias de sostenibilidad se han convertido en el principal soporte para suministrar información voluntaria a los stakeholders, además de ser un buen medio para suministrar información de los recursos intangibles.
    Description: Intangible assets have become the main sustainable value creation of companies. Specifically,those assets which remain hidden in the accounting statement due to the difficulties in identification and measuring (ie what is called intellectual capital). Voluntary information disclosed by companies on these assets can help to reduce symmetries of information and improve information transparency among stakeholders. In this sense, annual reports are the primary tool of information disclosure that companies have for provide voluntary information. In recent years, sustainability reports have become in the main means of communication as a way to legitimize the actions of companies to their stakeholders. Thus, our aim is to explore and analyze the means of communication used by companies to provide voluntary information about their hidden intangible assets. Results obtained indicate that there has been a change in corporate information policy and sustainability reports have become the mainstay to provide information voluntarily to stakeholders as well as being a good way to provide information of intangible resources
    Keywords: M14 ; M19 ; M41 ; ddc:650 ; Intangibles ; Capital intelectual ; Divulgación de información ; Informe anual ; Memoria de sostenibilidad ; Intangibles ; Intellectual capital ; Disclosure ; Annual report ; Sustainability report
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: The Protocol for Socially Responsible Territory is the result of a local sustainability management experience, which has demonstrated the importance of public administration in social innovation. This article describes the process through which such protocol was obtained, its characteristics and its principles as well as the strengths that this protocol offers. The definition of Socially Responsible Territory (TSR) is presented as a contribution to the theoretical development of a new research area, whose prospects are favored by the potential practical effects on public and corporate alliances locally. This protocol offers competitive advantages to governments who are preparing to seize the opportunities from the Europe 2020 Strategy for Growth.
    Keywords: M14 ; R58 ; R11 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 21
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    Keywords: D31 ; J31 ; J38 ; ddc:330 ; Distribución del ingreso ; Desigualdad ; Salario mínimo ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This article presents a review of the studies on on boards of directors and corporate social responsibility practices in the banking industry. Several characteristics of bank boards, in particular independence and diversity, may impact their CSR commitments. By studying a sample of 159 banks in nine countries during the period 2004-2010, there is evidence that suggests that banks with more independent and diverse directors follow a path of socially responsible behaviour.
    Keywords: G21 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; Corporate governance ; Board of directors ; Corporate social responsibility ; Banks
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This study analyses the social and environmental research published in Spanish journals between 2004 and 2012. The main areas of concern of the Spanish researcher are analysis of Spanish practices, external publication, attitude studies and the different theoretical frameworks. There are also encouraging changes in the methodological approaches used, placing greater importance on empirical research with the conducting of field and case studies, at the same time as analysis of different statistical relationships, from interviews and content analysis, although without the features of cooperation and interactivity typical of dynamic, and innovative knowledge production communities. There appears to be some difficulty in getting published in Spanish journals, and generating critical social and environmental research is even harder.
    Keywords: M14 ; Q56 ; ddc:330 ; Research ; Methods ; Spain ; Corporate social responsibility ; Sustainable development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Keywords: ddc:300
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: Spanish
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  • 25
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    Berlin : Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
    Publication Date: 2019-01-18
    Keywords: ddc:300
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    Language: Spanish
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2019-01-18
    Keywords: ddc:300
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: Spanish
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2019-01-18
    Keywords: ddc:300
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: Spanish
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  • 28
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    München : Goethe-Inst.
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Keywords: ddc:300
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    Language: Spanish
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  • 29
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este trabajo presenta el concepto de JIT (Just-In-Time, o justo a tiempo) y ofrece aplicaciones en la Argentina. En la Parte I, pone el JIT en el contexto de la gestión japonesa (management japonés): destaca las características de esta gestión, y resume su evolución a lo largo de las últimas décadas. Hace hincapié en la gestión de la producción y analiza los desafíos, críticas y las teorías de la convergencia con los sistemas occidentales que se han examinado a lo largo de los últimos 20 años. El artículo examina los desarrollos de la gestión japonesa en el extranjero y, en particular, las prácticas de la gestión japonesa en la Argentina. En particular, estudia las condiciones para el éxito o fracaso de la transferencia de este estilo de gestión en diversos países, incluyendo la Argentina. También estudia la posibilidad de transferencia parcial de algunos elementos del sistema y su aplicación en empresas japonesas y no japonesas. En la Parte II, se presenta un marco teórico del JIT como: (a) una filosofía; (b) un conjunto de técnicas productivas; (c) un método de la planificación y control de la producción. Finalmente, se trata con aplicaciones del JIT en las siguientes empresas: McDonald's, Wal-Mart, Zara, Alpargatas, Toyota, Becher Logística, Motor Parts y Master Trim. Como conclusión de estos estudios de caso, se llega a que el JIT es aplicable en la Argentina.
    Keywords: F23 ; M10 ; M11 ; M12 ; M14 ; P51 ; ddc:330 ; Just-In-Time ; gestión japonesa ; gestión japonesa en el extranjero ; transferibilidad de la gestión japonesa ; empresas internacionales ; empresas internacionales japonesas ; corporaciones multinacionales japonesas ; kanban
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 30
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: This study is a replication and adaptation of Jones and Hensher (2004) model in an emerging economy with the purpose of testing its eternal validity. It compares the logistic standard model's performance with the logistic mixed model to predict bankruptcy risk of Argentinean companies between 1993-2000 by using financial statements and ratios defined in previous studies by Altman and Jones and Hensher. Similar to previous studies, profitability, asset turnover, debt and cash ow from operations explain financial distress' probability. The main contribution of this new methodology is the important reduction of error type I to the 9 %. This study asserts that the logistic mixed model, that considers the effect of non-observed heterogeneity, significantly improves the performance of the logistic standard model.
    Keywords: M4 ; C4 ; ddc:330 ; mixed logistic model ; financial statements ; accounting ratios ; financial distress ; bankruptcy prediction ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The aim of this paper is to analyze the phenomenon of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the Spanish banking sector through social responsibility reports. Based on the theories of legitimacy and Stakeholders justified the use of CSR to analyze the behavior information about its environment. As survey methodology used content analysis, in particular are analyzed and compared the information practices in relation to four pillars on which the RSC is organized: customers, community, employees and the environment. In particular, it proposes a content index of liability (IDR) that measures the quality and detail of information provided. The study concludes that the community and environment categories are the most generally reported, although nature are social institutions (savings banks and credit unions) more transparent about customers and community is concerned, on the evolution during the recent years have seen that the transparency of information does not increase, but remains stable or even decreased as in the case of the contents on customers, in addition, we find that the contents are related to the internal activity of the company remains concerned about the most institutions to address the impacts of their activities as financial intermediaries.
    Keywords: M14 ; ddc:330 ; Content analysis ; Financial institutions ; Global reporting initiative ; Corporate social responsibility
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This research intends to show whether the prevalence of individualistic or collectivist cultures in an organization can moderate the effects of the human resource policies on business performance. To date, there is a lack of literature which analyzes this relationship. A sample of 102 companies, situated in southern of Spain, with more than 100 employees was used for this study. In accordance with the statistical analysis conducted using Structural Equation Modeling Partial Least Squares (SEM-PLS) results reveal the existence of the moderating effect.
    Keywords: L25 ; M12 ; M14 ; M50 ; ddc:330 ; Human resource practices ; Employees commitment ; Organizational performance ; Individualism/collectivism
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 33
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El desarrollo de proveedores es una actividad que enriquece la gestión de la cadena de suministro, dotándola de mayor valor a través del aporte mutuo entre empresas clientes y subcontratistas. Este aporte incluye nuevas tecnologías, know-how, herramientas de la calidad y organización del trabajo, además de negociaciones sobre la política de precios, entre otros temas. En este trabajo presentamos sus conceptos fundamentales. Nos basamos, ante todo, en la Guía para el Desarrollo de Proveedores de ONUDI, que analizamos con detenimiento como material de referencia obligado. Estudiamos las etapas de un programa de desarrollo de proveedores, que incluyen, entre otras, las siguientes: análisis de los requerimientos de los clientes; selección de los subcontratistas; diagnóstico de los productos, procesos y productividad de los subcontratistas; análisis de las facultades de los subcontratistas para cumplir con los requerimientos de sus clientes; formulación de las recomendaciones técnicas; capacitación de los subcontratistas; aplicación de las recomendaciones; y análisis de la posibilidad de establecer alianzas y fortalecer las existentes. Examinamos los objetivos principales del desarrollo de proveedores que son, fundamentalmente, tres: lograr la reducción de los costos, ajustar la política de precios, y mejorar la tecnología, en sentido amplio. También dedicamos atención a las normas de la serie ISO 9000, que hacen referencia al desarrollo de proveedores. Tratamos con cierto detalle las dificultades del desarrollo de proveedores; las describimos y presentamos algunas herramientas para facilitar la gestión del cambio. Entre estas incluimos la educación y el entrenamiento, la atención a la cultura organizacional, la motivación y las recompensas, y el ejercicio del liderazgo. Finalmente, presentamos el resumen de cuatro estudios de caso, tres de ellos reales y uno hipotético, para destacar los efectos económicos y de otro tipo del desarrollo de proveedores; el estudio hipotético, en particular, ofrece algunos principios orientadores del sistema de desarrollo de proveedores, sus elementos motivadores y breves consideraciones para mejorarlo, así como posibles contenidos de un programa. El artículo constituye una invitación a abordar el estudio y la aplicación de estas técnicas, dada la capacidad que tienen para mejorar la ecuación económica de la cadena de suministros y beneficiar a todos los interesados en su progreso.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; desarrollo de proveedores ; cadena de suministro ; contratista ; subcontratista ; gestión del cambio ; bolsas de subcontratación y de alianzas industriales ; educación y entrenamiento ; John Deere & Co. ; Maruti Udyog Ltd. ; FUJUDES
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 34
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El presente trabajo tiene por objeto demostrar la existencia de la Tasa de Depreciación del Capital Humano en Argentina, haciendo uso de un modelo sencillo que permita incorporar la obsolescencia de sus dos principales fuentes de acumulación, escolaridad y experiencia. Usando los datos provistos por la EPH elaborada por INDEC para el IV trimestre de 2011, se pudo obtener los resultados que prueban dicha hipótesis, evidenciando además que la misma no es constante. Al permitir la identificación de las fuentes de acumulación de Capital Humano, también puede diferenciarse las tasas de depreciación de cada una de ellas y su efecto sobre la depreciación de dicho capital como un todo. Así mismo se identifican diferencias en las tasas de depreciación para diferentes rangos de edades, e incluso para diferentes sectores industriales, incorporando el concepto de depreciación externa al de depreciación interna.
    Keywords: J24 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Capital Humano ; Tasa de Depreciación ; Argentina ; Heckman ; sesgo de selección ; escolaridad ; experiencia ; Humankapital ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 35
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: El programa de Asignación Universal por Hijo en Argentina extiende a los desocupados y trabajadores informales un beneficio antes limitado a los empleados formales. Esta extensión podría modificar los incentivos laborales, estimulando una menor participación en el sector formal respecto de la que hubiese surgido en ausencia del programa. En este trabajo estimamos ese efecto comparando en el tiempo al grupo de hogares elegibles (informales, con hijos), con un grupo semejante pero no elegible (sin hijos). Los resultados sugieren un significativo desincentivo hacia la formalización de los beneficiarios, pero no hay evidencia de un incentivo hacia la informalidad de los trabajadores registrados.
    Keywords: H55 ; I38 ; O17 ; ddc:330 ; Informalidad ; protección social ; AUH ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2019-01-15
    Description: Micro.enterprises have certain attributes that distinguish them from large companies and from those that see problems when adopting principles and social responsibility policies. However, the principles of social responsibility can and should be integrated into any organization, including micro.enterprises. In this paper, we study how cooperation networks could be an appropriate incentive for the micro.enterprises to implement social responsibility policies, strengthening some advantages and mitigating some disadvantages that micro.enterprises may have when dealing with such policies, and enhancing, ultimately, the level of development of their relational and structural capital. In preparing the study theoretical model is proposed that analyses the components of these types of capital in the company, adapted to the micro.enterprise as well as studying the influences that social responsibility policies and membership of cooperation networks can have on these components.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M13 ; M14 ; L14 ; ddc:650 ; networking ; micro-enterprise ; social responsibility ; relational and structural capital
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: In the past few decades a large number of studies have been carried out aimed at integrating and incorporating ethics into organizations, mainly highlighting the need to enhance ethical behavior within organizations. However, none of them makes any reference in their approach concerning the value which is generated as a consequence of organizational ethics, when not only several studies have been found supporting such statement but also a theoretical justification is found based on the perspectives of the Resource-Based View of the Firm and Dynamic Capabilities. Therefore, the authors of this study, starting from a model previously designed (Ruiz-Palomino y Ruiz-Amaya, 2011), have designed an integrating model as an attempt to link an ethical organizational culture to the business value generation by means of human resources. To be precise, attention in this paper is focused on the analysis of the direct and indirect effects that an ethical organizational culture has on the value job response of the employee. Discussion of the model, managerial implications and directions for future research are finally presented.
    Keywords: M1 ; M10 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; organizational culture ; resource-based view of the firm ; dynamic capabilities theory ; business value ; business ethics ; person-organization values fit
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: Here we describe the origins, evolution and classification of stakeholders. It highlights the relationship created between the credit institution as a social organization and its various stakeholders, analyzing the importance attached to them. The field work was conducted through a questionnaire answered by 57 Spanish institutions. The results show the sensitivity of banks to CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility), with regard to the entire Spanish financial sector. Our goal is to analyze the importance of the various stakeholders: shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers, community and public administration for the Spanish credit institutions. Credit institutions focus their interest mainly on two interest groups: employees and customers. Transparency and open dialogue about performance, priorities and future plans for sustainability are actions to be implemented in order to inspire confidence and future.
    Keywords: G30 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; corporate social responsibility ; credit institutions ; stakeholders
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 39
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    Granada : Univ. de Granada | Wuppertal : Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Keywords: ddc:300
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
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  • 40
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The purpose of this document is to prove that the establishment in Argentina of regulations and records for exchange market transactions has a positive externality with respect to the prevention and control of asset laundering and potential terrorist financing, thus making this type of criminal transactions through this channel extremely difficult.
    Keywords: F31 ; G18 ; K14 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; exchange rate market regulations ; asset laundering ; terrorist financing ; Devisenmarkt ; Wechselkurspolitik ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) meaning the active and voluntary contribution of firms to enhance welfare, is achieving a greater importance in Business administration as an intangible asset which management generates competitive advantages and promotes sustainable development. This work indentifies similarities between CSR management and Intellectual Capital management, this one meant as those activities which help us to manage the knowledge of the firm. Our aim is that firms understand the importance of considering CSR as a corporate strategy that enhances the value of the organization, and that they become conscious about its efficiency and efficacy.
    Keywords: M12 ; M14 ; M15 ; M48 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: In order to promote public policies aimed at enhancing financial inclusion, the Central Bank of Argentina makes periodic efforts to study, measure and analyze the processes of access and use of financial services by households in Argentina. The main objective of this paper is to use the information gathered by INDEC's Permanent Household Survey to explore the use of credit (from both formal and informal financial providers) and dissaving to understand the determinants of household financial behavior. Using multivariate probit models, we document the effects of different demographic and socio-economic variables on the estimated probability of adopting certain financial behaviors. These models can also be a statistically appropriate way to analyze the simultaneous determination of different observed actions in households' financial management. Thus, controlling for a set of exogenous variables while adding explanatory variables as endogenous regressors, we show that the inclusion of the latter is both statistically relevant and useful in identifying the existence of substitutability between some financial behaviors and of complementarity among others.
    Keywords: C31 ; G20 ; R29 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; financial services ; financial behavior of families ; household surveys ; multivariate probit
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: En vista de la creciente competencia por el agua, existe el peligro que particularmente los pobres en las áreas rurales enfrenten cada día más dificultades para cubrir sus necesidades de agua para usos domésticos y productivos. El presente DIIS Working Paper fue elaborado con base a una encuesta llevada a cabo en el año 2008, en el municipio de Condega, Nicaragua; en él se expone un perfil de pobreza de los hogares rurales y se analiza el acceso al agua que tienen los hogares más pobres, menos pobres y no pobres; además de sus contactos con las instituciones que juegan un papel en la gobernanza de agua.
    Keywords: ddc:300
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  • 44
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En este trabajo se documenta y analiza la segregación escolar entre alumnos de distintos estratos socioeconómicos que asisten a escuelas públicas y privadas en Argentina. El trabajo contribuye con evidencia empírica a la medición de este fenómeno desde 1986 hasta la actualidad, incluyendo proyecciones hasta 2014. Para ello se utiliza información de todas las grandes encuestas de hogares realizadas en el país. Los resultados sugieren que el grado de segregación escolar habría aumentado sustancialmente desde mediados de los 1980s hasta la actualidad y es probable que continúe aumentando en los primeros años de los 2010s.
    Description: This paper studies school segregation among students from different socioeconomic strata attending public and private schools in Argentina. The study contributes with empirical evidence to the measurement of this phenomenon from 1986 to the present, including projections to 2014. To this end, all major household surveys conducted in the country are used. The results suggest that the degree of school segregation has increased substantially since the mid-1980s to the present and is likely to continue rising in the early years of the 2010s.
    Keywords: D63 ; I21 ; Z13 ; ddc:330 ; segregación ; educación ; Argentina ; desigualdad
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 45
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En este trabajo utilizamos los más recientes métodos de regresión no condicionada por cuantiles (RNCQ) para estudiar los efectos distributivos de la educación en Argentina. Los métodos estándar se centran, por lo general, en efectos promedio o estudian los efectos distributivos ya sea haciendo uso de suposiciones estrictas al modelar y/o a través de descomposiciones contrafácticas que requieren varias observaciones temporales. La aplicación empírica en este trabajo muestra la flexibilidad y utilidad de los métodos de RNCQ. Nuestra aplicación para el caso de Argentina sugiere que la educación ha contribuido positivamente al aumento de la desigualdad, debido principalmente a efectos fuertemente heterogéneos de la educación sobre los ingresos.
    Description: This paper studies inequality of opportunity on earnings among young argentines. It aims to contribute to measure this phenomenon and it uses information from household surveys conducted in Argentina from 2004 to the present. Sample selection into employment and co-residence selection is dealt with a multiple selection model. We consider some econometrics methods implemented by Bourguignon, Ferreira y Menéndez (2007) to measure the degree of inequality of opportunity. The results suggest that while income inequality has decreased there seems no clear pattern of inequality of opportunity, moreover in recent periods it has increased. -- inequality of opportunity ; income inequality ; Argentina
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; ddc:330 ; inequality of opportunity ; income inequality ; Argentina ; Arbeitsmarktdiskriminierung ; Einkommensverteilung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: The management of stakeholders is becoming increasingly important to the corporate sustainability. The engagement of stakeholders gives legitimacy to the company, generating trust and credibility. The enterprises that are seeking sustainability in their activities must know stakeholders, promote dialogue, meet the demands and expectations, and be transparent in the accountability for their actions. The sustainable company triggers continuous improvement and innovation and seeks for social acceptance to achieve success in their activities. In this context, our focus is on thinking about the main challenges faced by companies pursueing sustainable development through effective management of their stakeholders. We further propose the use of flexible tools that aid employers in decision making and help them improve the stakeholder management.
    Keywords: M10 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; stakeholders ; corporate sustainability ; decision-making ; fuzzy logic
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: In the literature on business ethics a large number of studies can be found with a focus on establishing comprehension frameworks concerning the factors which make an individual behave ethically or unethically. However, the models proposed up to the present moment are excessively generalists, as there are no specifications on those factors which are presented as more prominent in terms of influence according to the empirical literature. The purpose of this paper is to develop an explanatory model that in addition to allowing a better comprehension of the main factors influencing on the individual's ethical behaviour. For this aim we review the most significant contributions in the literature on this aspect and raise a series of theoretical propositions which define the explanatory model. Finally we present the discussion of the model, thus drawing a series of conclusions and proposing future lines for research.
    Keywords: M1 ; M10 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; ethical/unethical behaviour ; organizational ethics ; individual characteristics context ; explanatory model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This study focuses on the structure of the board of directors that is considered more suitable in terms of corporate social responsibility, and also on those contextual factors that could influence the socially responsible behavior of family firms. Empirical analysis on 535 non-listed Spanish firms leads to the identification of three clusters in terms of the variables related to boards´ structure: family dominated boards, professional boards and immature boards. Results show that the firms that have boards' structure with more potential for a socially responsible behavior (professional boards) are the ones who are bigger, older and with higher generational evolution.
    Keywords: M14 ; M19 ; ddc:330 ; family firm ; board of directors ; social responsibility ; stakeholders.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 49
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Se presenta una valuación del impacto que podría producir la planta de celulosa de Fray Bentos sobre el turismo recreativo en el río Uruguay por cambios en el paisaje y en la calidad de las aguas. Los datos provienen de una encuesta realizada en diciembre 2006 y la metodología es de valoración de comportamiento contingente. Surge del trabajo que los visitantes de Gualeguaychú estarían dispuestos a desplazarse (con el consiguiente costo que ello implicaría) para evitar el daño que podría causar la papelera.
    Description: This paper performs an economic valuation of the potential environmental impact that the pulp mill recently installed on the Uruguay River could cause to tourism, due to visual pollution and changes in water quality. The data comes from a contingent behaviour survey conducted in Gualeguaychú (Argentina) in December 2006. We conclude that tourists do value potential environmental damages to the area that may originate from the pulp mill operating in Fray Bentos.
    Keywords: Q5 ; ddc:330 ; Valuación ; Impacto Ambiental ; Planta de celulosa ; Uruguay ; Argentina ; Valuation ; Environmental Impact ; Pulp mills
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Numerosos conceptos se entrelazan para dar lugar al concepto de gobernancia de una empresa, tanto en el caso de las empresas cotizantes como el de las pequeñas y medianas empresas (pymes). Para que la gobernancia se concrete y sea efectiva, es necesario traducir sus conceptos en acciones que transformen la realidad de la firma y su entorno en el sentido exigido por los conceptos. Las empresas grandes, sobre todo si están bien organizadas, cuentan en general con mecanismos adecuados de planificación y control para llevar a la práctica sus acciones de gobernancia. Las pymes, por su parte, caracterizadas por menores recursos relativos, tienen grandes dificultades metodológicas y conceptuales para implementar y mantener una arquitectura de gobernancia. En las últimas tres o cuatro décadas, sin embargo, se han difundido en el mundo algunas técnicas japonesas de gestión que pueden aplicarse en la implementación y consolidación de la gobernancia. Estas aplicaciones, naturalmente, son posibles tanto en las grandes firmas como en las pequeñas, pero hacemos hincapié en estas últimas porque en ellas encontrarán un terreno fértil para la aplicación inmediata y fecunda. Esta aplicación, que permitirá realzar la gobernancia de la pyme en pocos meses, solo depende de la decisión de un gerente inquieto dispuesto a transformar su organización. En este trabajo, presentamos los conceptos básicos de gobernancia y su aplicación en las pymes, mostramos los rudimentos de algunas herramientas japonesas de gestión e ilustramos con breves ejemplos cómo estas herramientas pueden utilizarse para implementar y mejorar la gobernancia de una pyme. Las herramientas consideradas son: un indicador de gobernancia pyme, basado en la estructura –aunque no necesariamente los contenidos- del Premio Deming, el premio nacional japonés a la calidad; la gestión hoshin; y los sistemas de reuniones eficaces.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The profit-maximizing and oligopoly bank model developed by Bresnahan and Lau allows determining the degree of market power held by an average bank. The equilibrium price equation includes a mark up, which is not used in the case of perfect competition but which is partially used in the case of oligopoly or monopolistic competition, and it is fully used in the case of monopoly. This paper explores the degree of competition in the credit market of Argentina in the period 2002-2007. The hypothesis of perfect competition in the loan market can be rejected.
    Keywords: E43 ; E51 ; F36 ; G21 ; L1 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; banks ; Cournot equilibrium ; market power ; loan markets ; oligopoly ; perfect competition ; Bank ; Kreditmarkt ; Marktstruktur ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The presence of seasonal fluctuations (regular behavior along the year related to weather or institutional factors) invalidates monthly (quarterly) comparisons. In turn, since inter-annual variations depend on the comparison basis being used, they could provide very little information to the short-term analysis. The purpose of this document is, on the one hand, to underline the need of using time series adjusted for seasonality and for calendar effects in the short-term analysis and, on the other hand, to show an application of seasonal adjustment to Bills & Coins (B&C) time series of Argentina in the period 1992-2007. The main contribution of this application, if compared to seasonal adjustments made before, lies in the fact that it incorporates for the first time the local calendar into the seasonal analysis, in addition to taking advantage of other attributes of the seasonal adjustment such as the ad-hoc length of the seasonal and trend-cycle filters which provide a more appropriate adjustment to the data observed in the Argentine economy. The role of the calendar effects to explain the seasonal contribution turned out to be statistically significant though of relative economic importance, with the exception of the month of December. Regarding the seasonal component, the main source behind seasonality has not been modified in the period under analysis. However, the intensity of the seasonal component has changed. B&C seasonal factors suffered a significant reduction from 1997 to date. The reasons are strongly related to the bank service accessibility process and the introduction of new technologies into the Argentine economy since the late 1990s. It is likely that the payment of salaries to employees through bank accounts has been the most influential factor of this bank service accessibility process. As regards seasonality contribution to B&C demand for the period 2003-2007, it is close to ± 3 pp of demand, depending on whether it is a peak (i.e. an increase of demand due to seasonal factors) or a valley (i.e. a lower demand due to seasonal reasons).
    Keywords: C40 ; E50 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; calendar effects ; monetary aggregates ; seasonal adjustment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Hamburg: German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA)
    Publication Date: 2018-10-10
    Description: This article analyzes the support for democracy in Chile from an economic, institutional and political perspective. It uses data from Latinobarómetro for the period 1996-2007 and a statistical method of estimation, 'ordered logit', in order to answer the question of why support for Chilean democracy is not connected with economic growth. The analysis generates three key results of interest. First, regardless of the fact that GDP per capita does not have any effect on the level of support for democracy, it does affect individuals' perceptions of economic performance, since the variable 'economic situation' is one of the most explanatory variable of the model. Second, the analysis demonstrates the importance of the degree of confidence in the Congress at the moment that perceptions of democracy are evaluated. Third, 'political ideology' is the most useful variable in explaining support for democracy, a fact which suggests that the adherents of the right wing do not support the democratic system. This is the most reliable reason for the moderate level of support for democracy in Chile.
    Description: Dieser Beitrag analysiert die Unterstützung der Demokratie in Chile im ökonomischen, institutionellen und politischen Kontext. Hierzu werden Daten des Unternehmens Latinobarómetro aus dem Zeitraum der Jahre 1996-2007 unter Anwendung des 'Ordered Logit'-Modells verwendet, um die Frage nach der Beziehung zwischen wirtschaftlichem Wachstum und Unterstützung der Demokratie zu beantworten. Die Analyse zeigt drei bedeutsame Ergebnisse: 1) Obwohl das nationale Pro-Kopf-BIP keinen Einfluss auf das Niveau der Unterstützung der Demokratie hat, zeigt sich in einer Analyse auf Individualebene gleichwohl, dass die Variable 'ökonomische Situation' eine der aussagekräftigsten ist, um die Einstellung der Individuen zur wirtschaftlichen Leistungsfähigkeit der Demokratie zu erklären. 2) Die Analyse weist nach, wie wichtig das Vertrauen in das Parlament im Moment der Befragung ist. 3) Die Variable 'politische Ideologie' erweist sich als die bedeutsamste in Hinblick auf die Unterstützung der Demokratie, was auf die mangelnde Unterstützung des demokratischen Systems durch die politische Rechte verweist. Dies ist der entscheidende Faktor, der das nur mäßige Niveau der Unterstützung der Demokratie in Chile erklärt.
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; Demokratie ; Meinung ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Ideologie ; Chile
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This paper analyzes the most relevant factors of organizational culture that appear in Global Manufacturing Virtual Networks (GMVNs). These organizations are formed by highly dynamic manufacturing companies, that may even be even competitors, which establish horizontal and vertical relations among themselves, and where it is not necessary to maintain internally many manufacturing assets but to manage and share efficiently network resources. This study of organizational culture at the network level includes aspects such as the similarity of cultural practices, social embeddedness, tacit knowledge transfer or the importance of trust in the network. By using the proposed theoretical model, it will analyzed the presence, under a systemic perspective, of homogeneous values and cultural practices where network actors can feel indentified. Finally, in order to validate the proposed model, the case methodology will be applied to one of the most successful collaborations of GMVNs within the aeronautics industry, the collaboration between GE and SNECMA to manufacture the CFM56 engine.
    Keywords: L14 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; global manufacturing virtual networks ; inter-organizational culture ; aeronautics industry
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This paper analyses financial performance of companies considered as highly socially responsible. For this purpose, companies that compose the Spanish sustainability index FTSE4Good IBEX (as well as other IBEX indices) are examined. Two basic results can be highlighted: first, stocks of companies that are socially responsible earn returns on excess over systematic risk, making them investment-attractive. Second, they have a higher systematic risk.
    Keywords: G30 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; corporate social responsibility ; socially responsible investment ; FTSE4Good IBEX ; sustainability index ; ethical alpha
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Hamburg: German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA)
    Publication Date: 2018-10-26
    Description: This paper examines the representations of violence in Guatemalan and El Salvadoran lite- rature against the backdrop of persistently high levels of violence and crime following the civil wars in both countries. It adopts an interdisciplinary approach settled within cultural studies and uses two examples - De fronteras (2007) by Claudia Hernández and Días amarillos (2009) by Javier Payeras - to analyze the narrative strategies applied in the process of re- counting violence. The results of the literary analysis enable the author to draw conclusions concerning the way in which both societies deal with urban post-war violence. The texts refer to the ubiquity of violence and the hopelessness of the situation, as well as to the responsibil- ity of the mass media for reproducing violence and a general turning away from the public domain towards the private life.
    Description: In diesem Beitrag werden Darstellungen von Gewalt in der Literatur Guatemalas und El Salvadors vor dem Hintergrund der anhaltend hohen Gewaltkriminalität in der Nachkriegszeit untersucht. Dabei wird auf eine kulturwissenschaftliche und interdisziplinäre Herangehensweise zurückgegriffen. Anhand zweier Beispiele - De fronteras (2007) von Claudia Hernández und Días amarillos (2009) von Javier Payeras - wird betrachtet, welche narrativen Strategien beim Erzählen von Gewalt zum Einsatz kommen. Die Rückschlüsse, die diese literarischen Texte hinsichtlich des Umgangs beider Gesellschaften mit der urbanen Nachkriegsgewalt ermöglichen, beziehen sich sowohl auf die Allgegenwart von Gewalt und die Ausweglosigkeit der Situation als auch auf die Verantwortung der Massenmedien sowie die kla- re Abwendung von der staatlichen Ebene und den Rückzug ins Private.
    Keywords: ddc:300
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este trabajo es un estudio de caso del sistema de reuniones de Tejedurías Naiberger, una empresa textil y de indumentaria argentina. Comenzamos resumiendo conceptos generales sobre las reuniones y pasamos luego a describir un sistema de reuniones eficaces, su estructura, su utilización y sus elementos constitutivos. A continuación, presentamos características generales de la empresa objeto del caso de estudio. Describimos su sistema de reuniones a través de una lectura del Manual del Sistema de Reuniones Eficaces, que reproducimos completamente en un apéndice, y evaluamos el funcionamiento del sistema en un lapso de más de diez años, desde la fecha de su implementación, en 1997. El caso incluye preguntas de discusión, apéndices conceptuales sobre el trabajo en equipo, ejemplos de minutas y agendas de reuniones, y otros, además de tres entrevistas de evaluación del sistema de reuniones realizadas a directivos de la empresa.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; sistema de reuniones ; sistema de reuniones eficaces ; reuniones ; directorios ; agenda de reunión ; minuta de reunión ; trabajo en equipo
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the determinants of the interest rate of short-term unsecured loan inter-bank market (call) in Argentina. The results show that the heterogeneous nature of the entities, in terms of size and origin of ownership, impacts on the interest rate agreed. Other additional aspects, such as the linkages between entities and the degree of supply or demand concentration, also affect the cost of funding. The structure of the market and the repo rates established by the BCRA are also relevant. Finally, the interest rate reacts positively when banks have a higher demand for liquidity, due to both seasonality and episodes of reduction in deposits.
    Keywords: E43 ; E58 ; G14 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; interest rate ; monetary policy ; short-term liquidity markets ; Geldmarkt ; Zins ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the response of the soybean sown area of Argentina to changes in price incentives and other variables which are relevant for agricultural production. To this effect, VEC models are estimated for some of the main producing provinces and for the country’s total in the period 1974-2006. The estimated models allow analyzing the long-term relationship among the share of soybean sown area, relative prices, the use of certain inputs, and the risks involved. For models where cointegration relations are observed, positive and significative responses are found in the soybean sown area to changes in relative prices.
    Keywords: C1 ; Q1 ; R3 ; ddc:330 ; agricultural production ; Argentina ; elasticities ; relative prices ; risks ; soybean
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: Se estiman, por diferencias en diferencias, los efectos sobre el acceso a educación media de la implementación de la reforma originada en la Ley Federal de Educación (Nº24.195/1993). Se concluye que su aplicación logra mejorar el acceso pero lo hace aún más sobre las trayectorias escolares. Se muestra que estos resultados disminuyen con el nivel educativo e incluso son negativos para las provincias con más de 10 años de educación (nivel meta de la Ley). Adicionalmente, estos efectos son crecientes a medida que transcurre el tiempo de aplicación por lo que debiera esperarse cierta convergencia entre provincias. Palabras Claves: Reforma Educativa, Evaluación de impacto, Heterogeneidad de efectos, Acceso a la educación, Calidad del acceso a educación, Argentina, Ley Federal de Educación, Ley Nacional de Educación.
    Keywords: I28 ; H40 ; H70 ; ddc:330 ; Reforma Educativa ; Evaluación de impacto ; Heterogeneidad de efectos ; Acceso a la educación ; Calidad del acceso a educación ; Argentina ; Ley Federal de Educación ; Ley Nacional de Educación
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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