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  • Animals  (1,937)
  • 1985-1989  (1,937)
  • 1950-1954
  • 1
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-27
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 27;243(4890):548-51.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2563178" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Base Sequence ; Cnidaria/genetics ; *Phylogeny ; RNA, Ribosomal/*genetics ; RNA, Ribosomal, 18S/*genetics ; RNA, Ribosomal, 5S/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-20
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 20;243(4889):283.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2911740" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Animal Welfare ; Animals ; *Animals, Laboratory ; Cats ; Universities
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  • 3
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-06
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 6;243(4887):11.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2643155" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alzheimer Disease/*therapy ; Animals ; Clinical Trials as Topic ; Drug Evaluation ; Ethics, Professional ; Humans ; Nerve Growth Factors/*therapeutic use/toxicity
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    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
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  • 4
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-20
    Description: The relation between terminal mitosis and the events that determine the developmental fate of embryonic precursor cells is not well understood. This relation has now been investigated with [3H]thymidine autoradiography to determine the time of cell birth and with a culture system that allows the testing of the developmental potential of cells isolated from the chick embryo retina. Contrary to the situation in vivo, where neuronal differentiation always precedes photoreceptor differentiation, photoreceptor differentiation occurs prematurely and precedes neuronal differentiation when precursor cells are isolated from the retina at early embryonic stages. Thus, cells born by embryonic day 5 (ED-5) give rise predominantly to photoreceptors when isolated for culture on ED-6 but develop mainly as neurons when isolated on ED-8. This suggests that retinal precursor cells retain after terminal mitosis the capacity to develop either as neurons or as photoreceptors. Moreover, photoreceptor differentiation appears to represent a constitutive or "default" pathway that precursor cells follow in the absence of neuron-inducing signals.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Adler, R -- Hatlee, M -- NEI 04859/PHS HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 20;243(4889):391-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Wilmer Eye Institute, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2911751" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Cell Differentiation ; Cells, Cultured ; Chick Embryo ; Mitosis ; *Neuronal Plasticity ; Retina/cytology/*embryology
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  • 5
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-20
    Description: Follicle rupture during ovulation is associated with inflammation-like changes. Because platelet activating factor (PAF) participates in the inflammatory process, the effect of a PAF-specific antagonist, BN52021, on the ovulatory response was tested in rats. BN52021, administered locally, inhibited follicle rupture in rats stimulated to ovulate with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). In addition to suppressing rupture of the follicles, this antagonist suppressed the hCG-stimulated increase in ovarian collagenolysis and vascular permeability. The inhibition of ovulation of BN52021 could be reversed by simultaneous administration of PAF. Furthermore, PAF partially reversed the blockage of ovulation by inhibitors of eicosanoid synthesis. Collectively, these results suggest the involvement of PAF in ovulation. Its role seems to be closely related to the metabolism of arachidonic acid. Thus, modulation of PAF action may serve as an additional target for regulation of reproduction via its action on ovulation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Abisogun, A O -- Braquet, P -- Tsafriri, A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 20;243(4889):381-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Hormone Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2911750" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Capillary Permeability/drug effects ; Collagen/metabolism ; *Diterpenes ; Female ; Ginkgolides ; Lactones/pharmacology ; Ovary/blood supply ; *Ovulation ; Platelet Activating Factor/*physiology ; Rats
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
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  • 6
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-09-22
    Description: RU 486, a steroid with high affinity for the progesterone receptor, is the first available active antiprogesterone. It has been used successfully as a medical alternative for early pregnancy interruption, and it also has other potential applications in medicine and for biochemical and pathophysiological endocrine research.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Baulieu, E E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Sep 22;245(4924):1351-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉INSERM U 33 (Communications hormonales), Faculte de Medicine, Universite Paris-Sud, Bicetre, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2781282" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Abortifacient Agents/*therapeutic use ; Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal/pharmacology/*therapeutic use ; Animals ; Drug Administration Schedule ; Embryo Implantation/drug effects ; Estrenes/administration & dosage/pharmacology/*therapeutic use ; Female ; Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects ; Glucocorticoids/antagonists & inhibitors ; Humans ; Luteinizing Hormone/secretion ; Mifepristone ; Pregnancy/drug effects ; Progesterone/*antagonists & inhibitors ; Receptors, Glucocorticoid/drug effects ; Receptors, Progesterone/*drug effects ; Structure-Activity Relationship
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  • 7
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-06-09
    Description: A simple and reproducible assay for DNA-mediated transfection in the trypanosomatid protozoan Leptomonas seymouri has been developed. The assay is based on expression of the Escherichia coli chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) gene flanked by Leptomonas DNA fragments that are likely to contain necessary elements for gene expression in trypanosomes. After electroporation of cells in the presence of plasmid DNA, CAT activity was detected in crude cell lysates. No activity was detected when the orientation of the L. seymouri mini-exon sequence (placed upstream of the CAT gene) was reversed, or in additional control experiments. This system provides a method for defining transcriptional control elements in trypanosomes.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bellofatto, V -- Cross, G A -- AI21729/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jun 9;244(4909):1167-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratory of Molecular Parasitology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2499047" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase/genetics ; Cloning, Molecular ; Escherichia coli/enzymology/*genetics ; Genes ; *Genes, Bacterial ; Plasmids ; *Transfection ; Trypanosomatina/enzymology/*genetics
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  • 8
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-05-05
    Description: Tumor promoters may bring about events that lead to neoplastic transformation by inducing specific promotion-relevant effector genes. Functional activation of the transacting transcription factor AP-1 by the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) may play an essential role in this process. Clonal genetic variants of mouse epidermal JB6 cells that are genetically susceptible (P+) or resistant (P-) to promotion of transformation by TPA were transfected with 3XTRE-CAT, a construct that has AP-1 cis-enhancer sequences attached to a reporter gene encoding chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT). Transfected JB6 P+, but not P- variants, showed TPA-inducible CAT synthesis. Epidermal growth factor, another transformation promoter in JB6 cells, also caused P+ specific induction of CAT gene expression. These results demonstrate an association between induced AP-1 function and sensitivity to promotion of neoplastic transformation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bernstein, L R -- Colburn, N H -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 May 5;244(4904):566-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Johns Hopkins University, Department of Biology, Baltimore, MD 21218.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2541502" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Line ; *Cell Transformation, Neoplastic ; Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase/genetics ; Cloning, Molecular ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/*physiology ; Epidermal Growth Factor/pharmacology ; Epidermis ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Genetic Variation ; Kinetics ; Mice ; Nucleic Acid Hybridization ; Plasmids ; Promoter Regions, Genetic ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun ; Simplexvirus/genetics ; Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/*pharmacology ; Transcription Factors/genetics/*physiology ; Transfection
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 1989-04-14
    Description: A monoclonal antibody was used to show directly positive thymic selection of the T cell repertoire in mouse strains expressing the 17a beta-chain variable domain (V beta 17a) of the T cell receptor. In the absence of the potent tolerizing class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule, I-E, peripheral expression of V beta 17a+ T cell receptors varied with the MHC haplotype of the mouse strain. In the most extreme case, H-2q mice expressed high peripheral levels of CD4+ V beta 17a+ T cells (14 to 19 percent), whereas H-2b mice expressed low levels (3 to 4 percent). Analysis of (b x q)F1 mice and chimeric mice showed that these differences were determined by positive thymic selection and implicated the thymic epithelium as the controlling cell type.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Blackman, M A -- Marrack, P -- Kappler, J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Apr 14;244(4901):214-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Denver, CO.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2784868" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology ; Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte/immunology ; Chimera ; H-2 Antigens/genetics/immunology ; Haplotypes ; Immunoglobulin Variable Region/genetics/immunology ; *Major Histocompatibility Complex ; Mice ; T-Lymphocytes/*immunology ; Thymus Gland/*immunology
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  • 10
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-08-04
    Description: This lecture illustrates the early stages in the planning and discovery of propranolol, an adrenaline beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist, and cimetidine, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist--the first examples of clinically useful drugs from each of these classes. The significance of selective agonists, partial agonists, and syntopic antagonists and the importance of the bioassay and the use of molar models in the drug discovery process are discussed. For the future, an outline of potential developments in hormone-receptor concepts is offered leading to the conclusion that progress may depend on improvements in bioassays and related molar modeling.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Black, J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Aug 4;245(4917):486-93.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Analytical Pharmacology, Rayne Institute, King's College Hospital School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, United Kingdom.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2569237" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use ; Angina Pectoris/drug therapy/physiopathology ; Animals ; Biological Assay ; Duodenal Ulcer/drug therapy ; Epinephrine/analogs & derivatives ; Histamine/analogs & derivatives ; *Histamine H2 Antagonists/therapeutic use ; Humans ; Stomach Ulcer/drug therapy
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  • 11
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-07-21
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Birnstiel, M L -- Busslinger, M -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jul 21;245(4915):243-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2546254" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Genetically Modified ; DNA, Viral/metabolism ; Male ; Patents as Topic ; Rabbits ; Simian virus 40/genetics ; *Spermatozoa/metabolism ; *Transfection
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  • 12
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-11-17
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Crease, R P -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Nov 17;246(4932):883-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2479100" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; England ; Gramicidin/*history ; History, 20th Century ; Humans ; Microbiology/history ; Penicillins/*history ; United States
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  • 13
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-11-10
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Culliton, B J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Nov 10;246(4931):749.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2814493" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Dogs ; Endothelium/*cytology ; Genetic Therapy/*methods ; Humans ; Swine ; Swine, Miniature
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  • 14
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-11-10
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Culliton, B J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Nov 10;246(4931):747-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2633774" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/therapy ; Animals ; Antigens, CD4/administration & dosage ; *Biocompatible Materials ; Drug Implants ; Genetic Therapy/*methods ; Humans ; *Organoids ; *Prostheses and Implants
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 1989-02-03
    Description: Two autocrine proteins of 14 and 12 kilodaltons that induce the synthesis of rabbit fibroblast collagenase were identified. The proteins were purified from serum-free culture medium taken from rabbit synovial fibroblasts stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate. The amino-terminal sequences of the 14- and 12-kilodalton species were approximately 60 to 80 percent homologous with serum amyloid A and beta 2 microglobulin, respectively. The polyacrylamide gel-eluted proteins retained the ability to induce collagenase synthesis in rabbit and human fibroblasts. These autocrine proteins may provide a means to modulate collagenase synthesis in normal remodeling as well as in inflammation and disease states.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Brinckerhoff, C E -- Mitchell, T I -- Karmilowicz, M J -- Kluve-Beckerman, B -- Benson, M D -- AM-20582/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- AM-7448/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- RR-00750/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Feb 3;243(4891):655-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03756.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2536953" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Cells, Cultured ; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid ; DNA Probes ; Enzyme Induction/drug effects ; Fibroblasts/enzymology ; Humans ; Immunosorbent Techniques ; Isoelectric Focusing ; Microbial Collagenase/*biosynthesis ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Nucleic Acid Hybridization ; RNA, Messenger ; Rabbits ; Serum Amyloid A Protein/genetics/isolation & purification/*pharmacology ; Synovial Membrane/*enzymology ; Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/pharmacology ; beta 2-Microglobulin/genetics/isolation & purification/*pharmacology
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  • 16
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-06-30
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Dickson, D -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jun 30;244(4912):1539-40.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2740899" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Absorption ; Animals ; *Dna ; Ethics ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Transgenic ; *Patents as Topic ; Research Personnel ; Rome ; *Spermatozoa ; *Transfection
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  • 17
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-02-03
    Description: Slowing of cardiac pacemaking induced by cholinergic input is thought to arise from the opening of potassium channels caused by muscarinic receptor stimulation. In mammalian sinoatrial node cells, however, muscarinic stimulation also inhibits the hyperpolarization-activated current (If), which is involved in the generation of pacemaker activity and its acceleration by catecholamines. Acetylcholine at nanomolar concentrations inhibits If and slows spontaneous rate, whereas 20 times higher concentrations are required to activate the acetylcholine-dependent potassium current (IK,ACh). Thus, modulation of If, rather than IK,ACh, is the mechanism underlying the muscarinic control of cardiac pacing at low (nanomolar) acetylcholine concentrations.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉DiFrancesco, D -- Ducouret, P -- Robinson, R B -- R01 HL-35064/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Feb 3;243(4891):669-71.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Dipartimento di Fisiologia e Biochimica Generali, Milano, Italy.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2916119" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Acetylcholine/administration & dosage/*pharmacology ; Action Potentials/drug effects ; Animals ; Barium/pharmacology ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Electric Conductivity ; Heart Rate/*drug effects ; Potassium Channels/physiology ; Rabbits ; Receptors, Muscarinic/drug effects/*physiology ; Sinoatrial Node/*physiology
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  • 18
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-07-28
    Description: Fundamentally new approaches to birth control--for example, a male pill, a once-a-month menses inducer, and an antifertility vaccine--cannot be realized before the next century, and then only if the virtual withdrawal of the pharmaceutical industry from this field can be reversed. Major changes in product liability would be the most significant incentive.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Djerassi, C -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jul 28;245(4916):356-61.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Stanford University, CA 94305.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2667135" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Contraception/*methods/trends ; Contraceptive Agents, Female/*adverse effects ; Drug Industry ; Family Planning Services/*trends ; Female ; Humans ; Jurisprudence ; United States
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  • 19
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-09-29
    Description: Exogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) decreases food intake and causes satiety in animals and man. However, it has not been established that endogenous CCK causes satiety or whether the response is mediated by peripheral-type (CCK-A) or brain-type (CCK-B) receptors. The development of potent and selective antagonists for CCK-A (MK-329) and CCK-B (L-365,260) receptors now allows these issues to be addressed. The CCK-A antagonist MK-329 and the CCK-B antagonist L-365,260 increased food intake in partially satiated rats and postponed the onset of satiety; however, L-365,260 was 100 times more potent than MK-329 in increasing feeding and preventing satiety. These results suggest that endogenous CCK causes satiety by an agonist action on CCK-B receptors in the brain.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Dourish, C T -- Rycroft, W -- Iversen, S D -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Sep 29;245(4925):1509-11.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Merck Sharp & Dohme Research Laboratories, Neuroscience Research Center, Terlings Park, Harlow, Essex, England.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2781294" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Benzodiazepines/pharmacology ; Benzodiazepinones/pharmacology ; Brain/drug effects/*physiology ; Cholecystokinin/antagonists & inhibitors/*physiology ; Devazepide ; Male ; *Phenylurea Compounds ; Rats ; Rats, Inbred Strains ; Receptors, Cholecystokinin/drug effects/*physiology ; Satiation/*physiology
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 1989-10-27
    Description: Activation of protein kinase C is thought to require association of the kinase with the cell membrane. It has been assumed that cellular substrates for the kinase must likewise be associated with membranes, and previous studies with membrane-associated myristoylated proteins have supported this view. It is now shown that a mutation that prevents the normal amino-terminal myristoylation of a prominent cellular substrate of protein kinase C, and appears to prevent its membrane association, does not prevent the normal phosphorylation of this protein in intact cells in response to phorbol esters. Thus, membrane association may not be required in order for protein kinase C substrates to undergo phosphorylation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Graff, J M -- Gordon, J I -- Blackshear, P J -- 2T32-GM 07171/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- AI27179/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Oct 27;246(4929):503-6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Howard Hughes Medical Institute Laboratories, Durham, NC 27710.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2814478" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Cells, Cultured ; Chickens ; Enzyme Activation ; *Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins ; Membrane Proteins/metabolism ; Mutation ; Myristic Acid ; Myristic Acids ; Phosphorylation ; Protein Kinase C/*metabolism ; Proteins/*metabolism ; Substrate Specificity ; Transfection
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  • 21
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-11-24
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hampton, R Y -- Morand, O H -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Nov 24;246(4933):1050.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2555921" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Enzyme Activation ; Homeostasis ; Phosphotransferases/*metabolism ; Protein Kinase C/*metabolism ; *Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups)
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  • 22
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-27
    Description: The discovery that breakdown products of cellular sphingolipids are biologically active has generated interest in the role of these molecules in cell physiology and pathology. Sphingolipid breakdown products, sphingosine and lysosphingolipids, inhibit protein kinase C, a pivotal enzyme in cell regulation and signal transduction. Sphingolipids and lysosphingolipids affect significant cellular responses and exhibit antitumor promoter activities in various mammalian cells. These molecules may function as endogenous modulators of cell function and possibly as second messengers.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hannun, Y A -- Bell, R M -- CA46738/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- GM38737/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 27;243(4890):500-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2643164" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Cell Physiological Phenomena ; Ethanolamines/physiology ; Humans ; Lipids/physiology ; Protein Kinase C/antagonists & inhibitors ; Sphingolipids/*physiology ; Sphingosine/physiology
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  • 23
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-11-03
    Description: The events of the cell cycle of most organisms are ordered into dependent pathways in which the initiation of late events is dependent on the completion of early events. In eukaryotes, for example, mitosis is dependent on the completion of DNA synthesis. Some dependencies can be relieved by mutation (mitosis may then occur before completion of DNA synthesis), suggesting that the dependency is due to a control mechanism and not an intrinsic feature of the events themselves. Control mechanisms enforcing dependency in the cell cycle are here called checkpoints. Elimination of checkpoints may result in cell death, infidelity in the distribution of chromosomes or other organelles, or increased susceptibility to environmental perturbations such as DNA damaging agents. It appears that some checkpoints are eliminated during the early embryonic development of some organisms; this fact may pose special problems for the fidelity of embryonic cell division.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hartwell, L H -- Weinert, T A -- GM17709/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Nov 3;246(4930):629-34.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2683079" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Cell Cycle ; DNA Replication ; Embryo, Mammalian/physiology ; Embryo, Nonmammalian ; Models, Biological ; Models, Genetic ; Time Factors
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  • 24
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-20
    Description: Nerve growth factor (NGF) interacts with both high affinity (Kd = 10(-10)-10(-11)M) and low affinity (Kd = 10(-8)-10(-9)M) receptors; the binding of NGF to the high affinity receptor is correlated with biological actions of NGF. To determine whether a single NGF binding protein is common to both forms of the receptor, a full-length receptor cDNA was introduced in the NR18 cell line, an NGF receptor-deficient variant of the PC12 pheochromocytoma cell line. The transformant displayed (i) both high and low affinity receptors detectable by receptor binding; (ii) an affinity cross-linking pattern with 125I-labeled NGF similar to that of the parent PC12 cell line; and (iii) biological responsiveness to NGF as assayed by induction of c-fos transcription. These findings support the hypothesis that a single binding protein is common to both forms of the NGF receptor and suggest that an additional protein is required to produce the high affinity form of the NGF receptor.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hempstead, B L -- Schleifer, L S -- Chao, M V -- HD23315/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- NS-21072/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 20;243(4889):373-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Hematology/Oncology, Cornell University Medical College, New York, NY 10021.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2536190" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Blotting, Northern ; Cloning, Molecular ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Nerve Growth Factors/pharmacology ; Pheochromocytoma ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos ; Rats ; Receptors, Cell Surface/*genetics/metabolism ; Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor ; Transformation, Genetic ; Tumor Cells, Cultured
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  • 25
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-13
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hobson, E S -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 13;243(4888):237-8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2911738" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Appetitive Behavior ; Feeding Behavior ; *Fishes ; *Plankton ; *Predatory Behavior
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 1989-08-18
    Description: Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is a human mitogen that is specific for epithelial cells. The complementary DNA sequence of KGF demonstrates that it is a member of the fibroblast growth factor family. The KGF transcript was present in stromal cells derived from epithelial tissues. By comparison with the expression of other epithelial cell mitogens, only KGF, among known human growth factors, has the properties of a stromal mediator of epithelial cell proliferation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Finch, P W -- Rubin, J S -- Miki, T -- Ron, D -- Aaronson, S A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Aug 18;245(4919):752-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2475908" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Base Sequence ; Cell Division ; Codon ; DNA/genetics/isolation & purification ; Epithelial Cells ; Epithelium/analysis/metabolism ; Fibroblast Growth Factor 10 ; Fibroblast Growth Factor 7 ; *Fibroblast Growth Factors/genetics ; Fibroblasts/metabolism ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Growth Substances/*genetics/physiology ; Humans ; Mesoderm/metabolism ; Mice ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Nucleic Acid Hybridization ; Oligonucleotide Probes ; RNA/analysis ; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid ; Skin/analysis ; Tissue Distribution ; Transcription, Genetic
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 1989-07-28
    Description: Two members of the hsp70 family, termed hsc70 and BiP, have been implicated in promoting protein folding and assembly processes in the cytoplasm and the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, respectively. Short hydrophilic (8 to 25 residues) synthetic peptides have now been tested as possible mimics of polypeptide chain substrates to help define an enzymatic basis for these activities. Both BiP and hsc70 have specific peptide binding sites. Peptide binding elicits hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate, with the subsequent release of bound peptide.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Flynn, G C -- Chappell, T G -- Rothman, J E -- GM-25662/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jul 28;245(4916):385-90.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biology, Lewis Thomas Laboratory, Princeton University, NJ 08544.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2756425" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Carrier Proteins/*metabolism ; Cattle ; Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism ; Heat-Shock Proteins/*metabolism ; Hydrolysis ; Microsomes, Liver/metabolism ; *Molecular Chaperones ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Peptides/*metabolism ; Protein Binding ; Protein Conformation
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  • 28
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-04-07
    Description: In olfactory receptor neurons, odor molecules cause a depolarization that leads to action potential generation. Underlying the depolarization is an ionic current that is the earliest electrical event in the transduction process. In two preparations, olfactory receptor neurons were voltage-clamped and stimulated with odors and this generator current was measured. In addition, a method was developed to estimate the time course and absolute concentration of odorants delivered to the receptor sites. With this method, olfactory neurons were found to have relatively high stimulus thresholds, steep dose-response relations, long latencies, and an apparent requirement for cooperativity at one or more steps in the pathway from odorant binding to activation of the generator current.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Firestein, S -- Werblin, F -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Apr 7;244(4900):79-82.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Graduate Group in Neurobiology, University of California, Berkeley 94720.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2704991" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Ambystoma ; Animals ; Cell Membrane Permeability/drug effects ; Central Nervous System/*physiology ; Cilia/physiology ; *Membrane Potentials ; Neurons/*physiology ; *Odors ; Olfactory Pathways/*physiology ; Potassium Channels/physiology ; Reaction Time ; Sensory Receptor Cells/*physiology
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  • 29
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-03-17
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hoyt, J A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Mar 17;243(4897):1419-20.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2928775" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Animal Welfare ; Animals ; Animals, Laboratory
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  • 30
    Publication Date: 1989-06-23
    Description: Phagocytosis of group A streptococci requires type-specific antibodies directed against the variable determinants of the bacterial surface M protein molecule. As a step toward developing a broadly protective anti-streptococcal vaccine, a vaccinia virus (VV) recombinant was constructed that expresses the conserved region of the structural gene encoding the M6 molecule (VV:M6'). Mice immunized intranasally with the VV:M6' virus showed markedly reduced pharyngeal colonization by streptococci after intranasal and oral challenge with these bacteria. M protein-specific serum immunoglobulin G was significantly elevated in vaccinated animals and absent in controls. A similar approach may prove useful for the identification of protective determinants present on other bacterial and viral pathogens.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Fischetti, V A -- Hodges, W M -- Hruby, D E -- AI-00666/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI-11822/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI-26281/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jun 23;244(4911):1487-90.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2660266" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antigens, Bacterial/immunology ; *Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins ; Bacterial Proteins/genetics/*immunology ; *Bacterial Vaccines/immunology ; *Carrier Proteins ; Cloning, Molecular ; *Immunization ; Immunoglobulin A/analysis ; Immunoglobulin G/analysis ; Mice ; Pharyngeal Diseases/etiology/*prevention & control ; Streptococcal Infections/*prevention & control ; Streptococcus pyogenes ; *Vaccines/immunology ; *Vaccines, Synthetic/immunology ; Vaccinia virus/genetics/*immunology
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  • 31
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-06-30
    Description: High-resolution differential interference contrast microscopy and digital imaging of the fluorescent calcium indicator dye fura-2 were performed simultaneously in single rat salivary gland acinar cells to examine the effects of muscarinic stimulation on cell volume and cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). Agonist stimulation of fluid secretion is initially associated with a rapid tenfold increase in [Ca2+]i as well as a substantial cell shrinkage. Subsequent changes of cell volume in the continued presence of agonist are tightly coupled to dynamic levels of [Ca2+]i, even during [Ca2+]i oscillations. Experiments with Ca2+ chelators and ionophores showed that physiological elevations of [Ca2+]i are necessary and sufficient to cause changes in cell volume. The relation between [Ca2+]i and cell volume suggests that the latter reflects the secretory state of the acinar cell. Agonist-induced changes in [Ca2+]i, by modulating specific ion permeabilities, result in solute movement into or out of the cell. The resultant cell volume changes may be important in modulating salivary secretion.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Foskett, J K -- Melvin, J E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jun 30;244(4912):1582-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Physiology Department, Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, Bethesda, MD 20814.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2500708" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Benzofurans ; Calcium/*metabolism ; Carbachol/pharmacology ; Cell Membrane/physiology ; Chelating Agents ; Chlorides/metabolism ; Cytoplasm/metabolism ; Egtazic Acid/analogs & derivatives ; Ethers/pharmacology ; Fluorescent Dyes ; Fura-2 ; Ionomycin ; Ionophores ; Kinetics ; Potassium/metabolism ; Rats ; Saliva/*secretion ; Salivary Glands/*cytology/drug effects/physiology
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  • 32
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-02-17
    Description: Changes in social behavior were a key aspect of human evolution, and yet it is notoriously difficult for paleobiologists to determine patterns of social evolution. By defining the limited number of distributional strategies available to members of each sex of any species and investigating the conditions under which they may occur and change, the social behavior of different hominid taxa may be reconstructed.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Foley, R A -- Lee, P C -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Feb 17;243(4893):901-6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2493158" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Behavior ; *Biological Evolution ; Female ; Haplorhini/genetics ; Hominidae/*genetics ; Humans ; Male ; Models, Genetic ; *Social Behavior
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  • 33
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-08-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Fox, M W -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Aug 18;245(4919):691.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2772629" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biotechnology ; *Genetic Engineering ; Humans ; *Social Responsibility
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 1989-04-28
    Description: Mice transgenic for a hybrid gene containing the liver promoter of the mouse amylase gene (Amy-1a) fused to the SV40 tumor antigen coding region unexpected developed malignant brown adipose tissue tumors (malignant hibernomas). Expression of the alpha-amylase gene had previously been thought to be confined to the liver parotid, and pancreas; however, analysis of white and brown adipose tissue from nontransgenic mice revealed expression of the endogenous Amy-1a gene in these tissues. Gene constructs driven by the Amy-1a liver promoter thus provide a means of targeting gene expression to the adipocyte cell lineage in transgenic mice. Moreover the high frequency of metastases in the liver, lungs, spleen, heart, and adrenals of these mice provides an experimental system in which to study the development of disseminated malignancy.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Fox, N -- Crooke, R -- Hwang, L H -- Schibler, U -- Knowles, B B -- Solter, D -- CA-10815/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA-18470/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA-21124/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- etc. -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Apr 28;244(4903):460-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, PA 19104.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2785714" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adipose Tissue/metabolism/pathology ; *Adipose Tissue, Brown/metabolism/pathology ; Animals ; Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming/*genetics ; Cloning, Molecular ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Liver/metabolism ; Mice ; Mice, Transgenic ; Neoplasm Metastasis ; Neoplasms, Experimental/*genetics/pathology ; Nucleic Acid Hybridization ; Promoter Regions, Genetic ; RNA, Messenger/metabolism ; Tissue Distribution ; Transcription, Genetic ; alpha-Amylases/*genetics
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 1989-06-30
    Description: The mammalian hippocampal formation appears to play a major role in the generation of internal representations of spatial relationships. In rats, this role is reflected in the spatially selective discharge of hippocampal pyramidal cells. The principal metric for coding spatial relationships might be the organism's own movements in space, that is, the spatial relationship between two locations is coded in terms of the movements executed in getting from one to the other. Thus, information from the motor programming systems (or "motor set") may contribute to coding of spatial location by hippocampal neurons. Spatially selective discharge of hippocampal neurons was abolished under conditions of restraint in which the animal had learned that locomotion was impossible. Therefore, hippocampal neuronal activity may reflect the association of movements with their spatial consequences.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Foster, T C -- Castro, C A -- McNaughton, B L -- NS20331/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- T32-HD07288/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jun 30;244(4912):1580-2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder 80303.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2740902" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Electroencephalography ; Electrophysiology ; Hippocampus/*physiology ; Motor Activity/*physiology ; Neurons/*physiology ; Rats ; Restraint, Physical ; Space Perception/*physiology
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 1989-07-21
    Description: Mammalian glucocorticoid receptors enhance transcription from linked promoters by binding to glucocorticoid response element (GRE) DNA sequences. Understanding the mechanism of receptor action will require biochemical studies with purified components. Enhancement was observed in vitro with derivatives of the receptor that were expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and added to a cell-free extract from Drosophila embryo nuclei. Transcription from promoters linked to one or multiple GREs was selectively enhanced by as much as six times. The effect was weaker with only one GRE, and enhancement was abolished by a point mutation that inactivates the GRE in vivo.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Freedman, L P -- Yoshinaga, S K -- Vanderbilt, J N -- Yamamoto, K R -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jul 21;245(4915):298-301.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0448.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2473529" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cloning, Molecular ; DNA/genetics/metabolism ; Drosophila melanogaster ; Mutation ; Promoter Regions, Genetic ; RNA/biosynthesis ; Rats ; Receptors, Glucocorticoid/*genetics/isolation & purification/metabolism ; Templates, Genetic ; *Transcription, Genetic
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 1989-10-06
    Description: The tyrosine kinase pp60v-src, encoded by the v-src oncogene, seems to regulate phosphatidylinositol metabolism. The effect of pp60v-src on control points in inositol phosphate production was examined by measuring the amounts of inositol polyphosphates in Rat-1 cells expressing wild-type or mutant forms of the protein. Expression of v-src-resulted in a five- to sevenfold elevation in the steady-state amount of an isomer of inositol tetrakisphosphate, whereas the concentrations of inositol trisphosphates or other inositol tetrakisphosphates were not affected. The activity of a key enzyme in the formation of inositol tetrakisphosphates, inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate 3-kinase, was increased six- to eightfold in cytosolic extracts prepared from the v-src-transformed cells, suggesting that this enzyme may be one target for the pp60v-src kinase and that it may participate in the synthesis of novel, higher order inositol phosphates.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Johnson, R M -- Wasilenko, W J -- Mattingly, R R -- Weber, M J -- Garrison, J C -- CA-39076/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA-40042/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- DK-19952/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Oct 6;246(4926):121-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Pharmacology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville 22908.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2506643" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Line, Transformed ; Fibroblasts/metabolism ; Inositol Phosphates/*metabolism ; Isomerism ; Oncogene Protein pp60(v-src) ; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism ; Rats ; Retroviridae Proteins/*physiology ; Sugar Phosphates/*metabolism
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 1989-06-09
    Description: Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) are modulators of synaptic plasticity, oscillatory behavior, and rhythmic firing in brain regions such as the hippocampus. The distribution and lateral mobility of VDCCs on CA1 hippocampal neurons have been determined with biologically active fluorescent and biotinylated derivatives of the selective probe omega-conotoxin in conjunction with circular dityndallism, digital fluorescence imaging, and photobleach recovery microscopy. On noninnervated cell bodies, VDCCs were found to be organized in multiple clusters, whereas after innervation the VDCCs were concentrated and immobilized at synaptic contact sites. On dendrites, VDCC distribution was punctate and was interrupted by extensive bare regions or abruptly terminated. More than 85% of the dendritic VDCCs were found to be immobile by fluorescence photobleach recovery. Thus, before synaptic contact, specific mechanisms target, segregate, and immobilize VDCCs to neuronal cell bodies and to specialized dendritic sites. Regulation of this distribution may be critical in determining the firing activity and integrative properties of hippocampal CA1 neurons.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jones, O T -- Kunze, D L -- Angelides, K J -- NS01218/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS23575/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS24606/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jun 9;244(4909):1189-93.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Physiology and Molecular Biophysics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2543080" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Calcium Channel Blockers/*pharmacology ; Calcium Channels/drug effects/*physiology ; Cells, Cultured ; Electric Conductivity ; Hippocampus/*physiology ; Membrane Potentials/drug effects ; Mollusk Venoms/*pharmacology ; Neurons/drug effects/*physiology ; Pyramidal Tracts/*physiology ; *omega-Conotoxins
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 1989-05-05
    Description: Activity-dependent variations in extracellular potassium concentration in the central nervous system may be regulated, in part, by potassium spatial buffering currents in glial cells. The role of spatial buffering in the retina was assessed by measuring light-evoked potassium changes in amphibian eyecups. The amplitude of potassium increases in the vitreous humor was reduced to approximately 10 percent by 50 micromolar barium, while potassium increases in the inner plexiform layer were largely unchanged. The decrease in the vitreal potassium response was accurately simulated with a numerical model of potassium current flow through Muller cells, the principal glial cells of the retina. Barium also substantially increased the input resistance of Muller cells and blocked the Muller cell-generated M-wave, indicating that barium blocks the potassium channels of Muller cells. Thus, after a light-evoked potassium increase within the retina, there is a substantial transfer of potassium from the retina to the vitreous humor by potassium current flow through Muller cells.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2562506/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2562506/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Karwoski, C J -- Lu, H K -- Newman, E A -- EY 03526/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- EY 04077/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY004077/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY004077-19/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 May 5;244(4904):578-80.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens 30602.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2785716" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Ambystoma ; Animals ; Barium/pharmacology ; Electric Conductivity ; *Light ; Necturus maculosus ; Neuroglia/drug effects/*metabolism/radiation effects ; Potassium/*metabolism ; Potassium Channels/physiology ; Rana pipiens ; Retina/*cytology ; Vitreous Body/metabolism
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  • 40
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-06-09
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lewin, R -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jun 9;244(4909):1140.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2727701" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Chile ; *Hominidae ; Humans ; *Paleontology
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 1989-07-07
    Description: Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) participates in many processes including early developmental events, angiogenesis, wound healing, and maintenance of neuronal cell viability. A 130-kilodalton protein was isolated on the basis of its ability to specifically bind to bFGF. A complementary DNA clone was isolated with an oligonucleotide probe corresponding to determined amino acid sequences of tryptic peptide fragments of the purified protein. The putative bFGF receptor encoded by this complementary DNA is a transmembrane protein that contains three extracellular immunoglobulin-like domains, an unusual acidic region, and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain. These domains are arranged in a pattern that is different from that of any growth factor receptor described.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lee, P L -- Johnson, D E -- Cousens, L S -- Fried, V A -- Williams, L T -- CA 21765/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HL32898/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jul 7;245(4913):57-60.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2544996" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Base Sequence ; Cells, Cultured ; Chick Embryo ; *Cloning, Molecular ; DNA/*genetics ; Fibroblast Growth Factors/*genetics ; Kinetics ; Mice ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Peptide Fragments/analysis ; Receptors, Cell Surface/*genetics/metabolism ; Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor ; Recombinant Proteins/metabolism
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  • 42
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-01-20
    Description: Activin, a dimer formed by the beta subunits of inhibin, has an effect that is opposite to that of inhibin in a number of biological systems. Which cell types secrete activin in vivo is not known. TM3 cells, a Leydig-derived cell line, contained messenger RNAs that hybridized with human beta A and beta B complementary DNA probes and were similar in size to the porcine messenger RNA for the beta subunits of inhibin. No hybridization to the inhibin alpha subunit was detectable in the TM3 cells. Conditioned medium from TM3 cells and from primary cultures of rat and porcine interstitial cells stimulated the release of follicle-stimulating hormone in a pituitary cell culture assay. It is likely that, in the testis, the Leydig cells secrete activin and the Sertoli cells produce inhibin, or a combination of both.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lee, W -- Mason, A J -- Schwall, R -- Szonyi, E -- Mather, J P -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 20;243(4889):396-8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Cell Culture, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2492117" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Activins ; Animals ; Cell Line ; Follicle Stimulating Hormone/secretion ; Inhibins/*physiology/*secretion ; Leydig Cells/*physiology ; Male ; Mice ; Rats ; Sertoli Cells/physiology ; Swine ; Testis/cytology/*physiology
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  • 43
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-06-09
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lewin, R -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jun 9;244(4909):1135.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2727699" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Africa ; Animals ; Animals, Wild ; *Elephants ; Industry ; United States
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  • 44
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-11-10
    Description: A method was developed for selectively isolating genes from localized regions of the human genome that are contained in interspecific hybrid cells. Complementary human DNA was prepared from a human-rodent somatic cell hybrid that contained less than 1% human DNA, by using consensus 5' intron splice sequences as primers. These primers would select immature, unspliced messenger RNA (still retaining species-specific repeat sequences) as templates. Screening a derived complementary DNA library for human repeat sequences resulted in the isolation of human clones at the anticipated frequency with characteristics expected of exons of transcribed human genes--single copy sequences that hybridized to discrete bands on Northern (RNA) blots.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Liu, P -- Legerski, R -- Siciliano, M J -- GM19436/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Nov 10;246(4931):813-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2479099" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Blotting, Northern ; Blotting, Southern ; Chromosome Mapping ; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 ; Cloning, Molecular ; Cricetinae ; DNA/biosynthesis/genetics/*isolation & purification ; Humans ; *Hybrid Cells ; Introns ; Nucleic Acid Hybridization ; RNA/genetics ; Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid ; Restriction Mapping ; Templates, Genetic
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  • 45
    Publication Date: 1989-01-20
    Description: The patch-clamp technique was used to examine the effects of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and its second messenger guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) on an amiloride-sensitive cation channel in the apical membrane of renal inner medullary collecting duct cells. Both ANP (10(-11) M) and dibutyryl guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (10(-4) M) inhibited the channel in cell-attached patches, and cGMP (10(-5) M) inhibited the channel in inside-out patches. The inner medullary collecting duct is the first tissue in which ANP, via its second messenger cGMP, has been shown to regulate single ion channels. The results suggest that the natriuretic action of ANP is related in part to cGMP-mediated inhibition of electrogenic Na+ absorption by the inner medullary collecting duct.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Light, D B -- Schwiebert, E M -- Karlson, K H -- Stanton, B A -- DK-34533/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Jan 20;243(4889):383-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Physiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03756.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2463673" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aminoquinolines/pharmacology ; Animals ; Atrial Natriuretic Factor/*pharmacology ; Cell Membrane/drug effects ; Cells, Cultured ; Cyclic GMP/pharmacology ; Ion Channels/*drug effects ; Kidney Medulla/drug effects ; Kidney Tubules/*drug effects ; Kidney Tubules, Collecting/*drug effects ; Natriuresis ; Rats ; Sodium/metabolism
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  • 46
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1989-12-01
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Marx, J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Dec 1;246(4934):1120-1.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2587999" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; DNA/*analysis ; Diet ; Elephants/*genetics ; Incisor/*analysis ; Nucleotide Mapping ; Restriction Mapping
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 1989-08-04
    Description: Complementary DNA clones, encoding the LH-hCG (luteinizing hormone-human choriogonadotropic hormone) receptor were isolated by screening a lambda gt11 library with monoclonal antibodies. The primary structure of the protein was deduced from the DNA sequence analysis; the protein contains 696 amino acids with a putative signal peptide of 27 amino acids. Hydropathy analysis suggests the existence of seven transmembrane domains that show homology with the corresponding regions of other G protein-coupled receptors. Three other types of clones corresponding to shorter proteins were observed, in which the putative transmembrane domain was absent. These probably arose through alternative splicing. RNA blot analysis showed similar patterns in testis and ovary with a major RNA of 4700 nucleotides and several minor species. The messenger RNA was expressed in COS-7 cells, yielding a protein that bound hCG with the same affinity as the testicular receptor.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Loosfelt, H -- Misrahi, M -- Atger, M -- Salesse, R -- Vu Hai-Luu Thi, M T -- Jolivet, A -- Guiochon-Mantel, A -- Sar, S -- Jallal, B -- Garnier, J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1989 Aug 4;245(4917):525-8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale Unite 135, Hopital de Bicetre, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2502844" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Base Sequence ; Cell Membrane/*metabolism ; *Cloning, Molecular ; DNA/*genetics ; Female ; GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism ; Male ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation ; Nucleic Acid Hybridization ; Ovary/analysis ; Protein Sorting Signals/genetics ; RNA, Messenger/analysis/genetics ; Receptors, LH/*genetics/metabolism ; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid ; Swine ; Testis/analysis ; Tissue Distribution
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  • 48
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)