ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-01-02
    Description: The milk sugar lactose is known to facilitate calcium absorption and has been shown to enhance the uptake of essential trace metals from the intestines as well. Its physiological role as the major carbohydrate source for suckling mammals is thus complemented by its ability to facilitate the absorption of necessary minerals. The studies reported here show that the intestinal absorption of lead and its uptake into blood, liver, kidney, and bone are also increased by lactose in young weanling rats. These data extend the known range of lactose facilitation of mineral absorption to a nonessential, toxic element, confirming the nonspecificity of its action on the gut. In addition, they suggest an explanation for some of the conflicting evidence regarding the prophylactic efficacy of milk in lead poisoning.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bushnell, P J -- DeLuca, H F -- ES-05147/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jan 2;211(4477):61-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7444448" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Age Factors ; Animals ; Disaccharides/pharmacology ; Hexoses/metabolism ; Intestinal Absorption/*drug effects ; Lactose/*pharmacology ; Lead/*metabolism ; Lead Poisoning/metabolism ; Male ; Milk/metabolism ; Rats ; Stimulation, Chemical ; Tissue Distribution
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 1981-01-02
    Description: Fischer 344 male rats were treated with cyclophosphamide (10 milligrams per kilogram of body weight) for 5 weeks and subsequently mated to females previously treated with saline or cyclophosphamide. The F1 progeny of the cyclophosphamide-treated males exhibited behavior deficits when compared to controls. These data could indicate a chemically induced genetic effect manifested by behavioral alterations.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Adams, P M -- Fabricant, J D -- Legator, M S -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jan 2;211(4477):80-2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7444453" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Avoidance Learning ; Behavior, Animal/*physiology ; Cyclophosphamide/*pharmacology ; Female ; Locomotion ; Male ; Motor Activity ; Mutation ; Rats ; Spermatogenesis/*drug effects
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 1981-09-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Adams, T E -- Norman, R L -- Spies, H G -- HD-05751/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- HD-11982/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- RR-00163/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Sep 18;213(4514):1388-90.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6267698" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Castration ; Estradiol/*pharmacology ; Feedback ; Female ; Macaca fascicularis ; Ovulation/drug effects ; Pituitary Gland, Anterior/*metabolism ; Receptors, Cell Surface/*metabolism ; Receptors, LHRH
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-09-11
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Akaike, N -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Sep 11;213(4513):1252-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6267696" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Biological Transport, Active ; Catecholamines/physiology ; Decerebrate State ; Hypokalemia/*metabolism ; Male ; Muscle Denervation ; Muscles/*metabolism ; Potassium/metabolism ; Rats ; Receptors, Adrenergic/*physiology ; Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha/*physiology ; Sodium/metabolism ; Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-04-03
    Description: Predictable change in neuronal connectivity can be induced in the buccal ganglia of adult Helisoma snails when neuritic growth is evoked by axotomy. Both transient and stable novel electrical connections are established between identified neurons. The breaking of inappropriate, normally transient connections is contingent on the formation of an appropriate connection.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bulloch, A G -- Kater, S B -- 1 PO1 NS15350/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Apr 3;212(4490):79-81.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7209523" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Axons ; Ganglia/cytology ; Morphogenesis ; *Nerve Regeneration ; *Neural Pathways ; Neurons/cytology ; Snails
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Publication Date: 1981-03-06
    Description: Vaginocervical stimulation affects progesterone secretion, sperm transport, sexual receptivity, locomotion, and perception of pain in female rats. In this experiment, vaginocervical stimulation produced statistically significant increases in the metabolic uptake of carbon-14-labeled 2-deoxy-D-glucose in the following brain areas (ordered by magnitude of uptake): medial preoptic, mesencephalic reticular formation, bed nucleus of stria terminalis, dorsal raphe, and globus pallidus. The results provide information about the concurrent processing of sensory stimulation by several neural areas and indicate that the medial preoptic area is a receiving area for copulatory stimulation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Allen, T O -- Adler, N T -- Greenberg, J H -- Reivich, M -- HD 04522/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- I T32 MH 15092/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- NS 10939-08/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 6;211(4486):1070-2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7466382" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Brain/*metabolism ; Cervix Uteri/*innervation ; *Copulation ; Deoxyglucose/metabolism ; Female ; Glucose/*metabolism ; Physical Stimulation ; Preoptic Area/metabolism ; Rats ; Vagina/*innervation
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Publication Date: 1981-09-11
    Description: Immunoreactive serotonin was detected in the lumen of the proximal jejunum of food-deprived cats. During perfusion of this intestinal segment in vivo, there was a constant basal rate of intraluminal secretion of this amine. The rate of secretion was significantly increased during efferent electrical stimulation of the cut cervical vagal nerves. This stimulatory effect was not altered after bilateral adrenalectomy was performed in the same animals. A synchronous release of substance P into the gut lumen was also demonstrated during vagal stimulation. During the period of increased intraluminal secretion of immunoreactive serotonin, there was no demonstrable change in the portal or systemic blood levels of this amine.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ahlman, H -- DeMagistris, L -- Zinner, M -- Jaffe, B M -- 5R01AM2652202/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Sep 11;213(4513):1254-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6168020" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adrenalectomy ; Animals ; Cats ; Chromaffin System/*metabolism ; Electric Stimulation ; Enterochromaffin Cells/*metabolism ; Jejunum/*metabolism ; Radioimmunoassay ; Serotonin/*metabolism ; Substance P/metabolism ; Vagus Nerve/*physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 1981-10-09
    Description: Intraventricular administration of supraphysiological amounts of renin, nerve growth factor preparation, or angiotensin II greatly increased the consumption of water and hypertonic sodium bicarbonate solution by sheep. These effects were antagonized by intraventricular administration of drugs that prevent the formation of angiotensin II or block its receptors. The fact that these angiotensin-blocking drugs did not change the sodium intake of sodium-deficient sheep challenges the idea that central angiotensin action is involved in sodium appetite due to a deficiency.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Coghlan, J P -- Considine, P J -- Denton, D A -- Fei, D T -- Leksell, L G -- McKinley, M J -- Muller, A F -- Tarjan, E -- Weisinger, R S -- Bradshaw, R A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Oct 9;214(4517):195-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6169149" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Angiotensin II/*pharmacology ; Animals ; Appetite/*drug effects ; Drinking Behavior/drug effects ; Injections, Intraventricular ; Nerve Growth Factors/pharmacology ; Renin/pharmacology ; Saralasin/pharmacology ; Sheep ; Sodium/deficiency/*metabolism ; Teprotide/pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-03-27
    Description: Folate binding proteins in milk were tested for their effect on folate absorption. The uptake of bound folate by isolated mucosal cells from the rat small intestine was twice that of free folate and differed from it in being more effective with progression down the small intestine, in not being affected by glucose or Dilantin, in having a higher pH optimum, and in being affected by calcium concentration. This milk factor may enhance folate absorption in infants, whose risk of folate deficiency is high.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Colman, N -- Hettiarachchy, N -- Herbert, V -- AM 20526/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 27;211(4489):1427-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6781067" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Calcium/pharmacology ; Carrier Proteins/*metabolism ; Cattle ; Edetic Acid/pharmacology ; Female ; Folate Receptors, GPI-Anchored ; Folic Acid/*metabolism ; Folic Acid Deficiency/etiology ; Glucose/pharmacology ; Goats ; Humans ; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration ; Infant, Newborn ; Infant, Newborn, Diseases/etiology ; *Intestinal Absorption/drug effects ; Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism ; Intestine, Small/metabolism ; Milk Proteins/*metabolism ; Milk, Human ; Phenytoin/pharmacology ; Rats ; *Receptors, Cell Surface
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Publication Date: 1981-03-13
    Description: Most magnocellular neurosecretory cells that terminate in the posterior pituitary secrete either vasopressin, oxytocin, or enkephalin. Intracellular injection of the fluorescent dye Lucifer Yellow into single magnocellular neurons in slices of rat hypothalamus resulted in dye transfer between these cells. Freeze-fracture replicas of these cells occasionally revealed gap junctions, which presumably contain channels that mediate the dye coupling. These two independent techniques strongly suggest that some mammalian neuropeptidergic cells are electrotonically coupled, providing a possible means for recruitment and synchronization of their electrical activity.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Andrew, R D -- MacVicar, B A -- Dudek, F E -- Hatton, G I -- NS 01940/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS 16683/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 13;211(4487):1187-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7466393" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Communication ; Fluorescent Dyes ; Freeze Fracturing ; Hypothalamus/*physiology/ultrastructure ; Intercellular Junctions/*physiology ; Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus/physiology ; Rats ; Supraoptic Nucleus/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 11
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-12-04
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Antelman, S M -- Rowland, N -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Dec 4;214(4525):1149-51.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7302588" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adult ; Animals ; Endorphins/*physiology ; Feeding Behavior/drug effects/*physiology ; Humans ; Naloxone/pharmacology ; Rats ; Rats, Inbred Strains ; Stress, Psychological/*physiopathology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 12
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-04-24
    Description: The specific activity of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (glutamine-hydrolyzing), the first and rate-limiting enzyme of de novo uridine 5'-triphosphate biosynthesis, was increased in 13 transplantable hepatomas, particularly in the rapidly growing tumors (5.7- to 9.5-fold), and the rise was correlated with tumor growth rates. Thus, synthetase activity was linked with both hepatic neoplastic transformation and progression. Synthetase specific activity was so elevated in a transplantable sarcoma (18-fold) and a kidney adenocarcinoma (5-fold). The increased activity should enhance the capacity of the pathway and should confer selective advantages to cancer cells.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Aoki, T -- Weber, G -- CA-05034/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA-13526/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Apr 24;212(4493):463-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7209543" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenocarcinoma/enzymology ; Animals ; Carbamoyl-Phosphate Synthase (Glutamine-Hydrolyzing)/*metabolism ; Cell Differentiation ; Kidney Neoplasms ; Ligases/*metabolism ; Liver/enzymology ; Liver Neoplasms, Experimental/*enzymology/pathology ; Liver Regeneration ; Neoplasm Transplantation ; Rats ; Sarcoma, Experimental/enzymology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 13
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-05-15
    Description: Research on chitin as a marine resource is pointing to novel applications for this cellulose-like biopolymer. Discovery of nondegrading solvent systems has permitted the spinning of filaments, for example, for use as surgical sutures. New methods for preparing the bioactive alkyl glycoside of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (the monomer unit of chitin) and a microcrystalline chitin has encouraged their use as promoters for growth of bifidobacteria and as an aid in digestion of high-lactose cheese whey by domestic animals. Chitin-protein complexes of several crustacean species show great variability in ratios of chitin to covalently bound protein and in residual protein in the "purified" chitins.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Austin, P R -- Brine, C J -- Castle, J E -- Zikakis, J P -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 May 15;212(4496):749-53.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7221561" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animal Feed ; Animals ; Cheese ; Chemical Phenomena ; Chemistry ; Chickens ; *Chitin ; Crystallography ; Lactose/metabolism ; Proteins/analysis ; Sutures ; *Technology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 14
    Publication Date: 1981-12-11
    Description: A biologically active rhodamine conjugate of thyrotropin binds at 4 degrees C to diffusely distributed membrane thyrotropin receptors which patch and become endocytosed into thyroid cells in a temperature-sensitive process. When the cells are first incubated with 8-bromo-cyclic adenosine monophosphate at 37 degrees C, the conjugate also binds to clustered receptors at 4 degrees C. Furthermore, 8-bromo-cyclic adenosine monophosphate reduces the amount of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP) induced by thyrotropin. Hence, increased intracellular cyclic AMP induces receptor patching and reduces the concentration of cyclic AMP normally induced by thyrotropin. This suggests that cyclic AMP acts both as the second messenger of thyrotropin and also as the regulator of the level of thyrotropin receptors.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Avivi, A -- Tramontano, D -- Ambesi-Impiombato, F S -- Schlessinger, J -- CA-25820/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Dec 11;214(4526):1237-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6272396" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: 8-Bromo Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate ; Animals ; Cell Line ; Cell Membrane/drug effects/metabolism ; Cyclic AMP/*analogs & derivatives/*metabolism/pharmacology ; Rats ; Receptors, Cell Surface/drug effects/*metabolism ; Receptors, Thyrotropin ; Thyroid Gland/metabolism ; Thyrotropin/*metabolism/pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 15
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-03-27
    Description: Cooperation in organisms, whether bacteria or primates, has been a difficulty for evolutionary theory since Darwin. On the assumption that interactions between pairs of individuals occur on a probabilistic basis, a model is developed based on the concept of an evolutionarily stable strategy in the context of the Prisoner's Dilemma game. Deductions from the model, and the results of a computer tournament show how cooperation based on reciprocity can get started in an asocial world, can thrive while interacting with a wide range of other strategies, and can resist invasion once fully established. Potential applications include specific aspects of territoriality, mating, and disease.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Axelrod, R -- Hamilton, W D -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 27;211(4489):1390-6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7466396" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biological Evolution ; *Cooperative Behavior ; *Game Theory ; Humans ; Mathematics ; Models, Biological ; Selection, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 16
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-04-17
    Description: Voltage-clamp recordings from mouse spinal neurons grown in culture were used to study the membrane current fluctuations induced by 12 substances structurally similar to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Fluctuation analysis provided estimates of the electrical properties of the elementary events underlying these responses. Estimates of the mean conductance of channels activated by all of the substances except glycine did not differ significantly from that estimated for GABA, whereas mean durations of agonist-activated channels all differed significantly from that found for GABA. The results indicate that all of the substances tested except glycine activate channels of similar conductance but of different durations.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Barker, J L -- Mathers, D A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Apr 17;212(4492):358-61.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6259733" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Membrane/drug effects ; Ion Channels/*drug effects ; Membrane Potentials/drug effects ; Mice ; Neurons/drug effects ; Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism ; Receptors, GABA-A ; Spinal Nerves/*drug effects ; Structure-Activity Relationship ; Time Factors ; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/*analogs & derivatives/pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 17
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-01-30
    Description: Seventy-three percent of all exposed common coral reef invertebrates, from four phyla (42 species) tested, are toxic to fish. This represents the first evidence of the high incidence to toxicity in the marine tropics among several phyletic groups comprising dominant species. Most of the remaining exposed species have structural defense mechanisms against predation by fish. Of cryptic invertebrates, 25 percent are toxic to fish. The relation between toxicity, fish feeding behavior, community structure, and evolutionary theory is discussed.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bakus, G J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jan 30;211(4481):497-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7455691" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Australia ; Biological Evolution ; Ecology ; Invertebrates/*physiology ; Venoms/*physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 18
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-03-20
    Description: Sexual dimorphism in selected extragenital tissues is described with emphasis on the molecular basis of the differences. Testosterone rather than 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone appears to be the major intracellular androgen in organs other than skin and reproductive tract, but other steroid metabolites and their receptors are required to produce the diverse tissue differences observed in males and females. There is also evidence that multiple hormones from several endocrine glands are required to act in concert with androgens to produce and maintain their effects. Although many of the consequences of sexual dimorphism, such as body size and strength, have been evident for centuries, other differences between males and females such as disease incidence, response to drugs and toxins, and the metabolism and assimilation of dietary constituents have only recently been discovered.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bardin, C W -- Catterall, J F -- HD-13541/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 20;211(4488):1285-94.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7010603" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome/metabolism ; Androgens/metabolism/physiology ; Animals ; Erythropoiesis ; Estradiol/physiology ; Humans ; Kidney/metabolism ; Liver/metabolism ; Male ; Mice ; Muscles/metabolism ; Progestins/physiology ; Proteins/secretion ; Rats ; Receptors, Androgen/metabolism ; *Sex Differentiation ; Testosterone/metabolism/*physiology ; Transcription, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 19
    Publication Date: 1981-05-22
    Description: Incubation of cortical synaptic membranes with low concentrations of calcium resulted in a decrease in the amount of a high-molecular-weight doublet protein and an increase in the sodium-independent binding of glutamate. Both effects were blocked by the thiol protease inhibitor leupeptin. These results suggest that calcium-induced proteolysis of membrane components regulates the number of glutamate receptors in neuronal membranes.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Baudry, M -- Bundman, M C -- Smith, E K -- Lynch, G S -- MH-19793-09/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 May 22;212(4497):937-8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7015504" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Calcium/antagonists & inhibitors/*pharmacology ; Cerebellum/metabolism ; Cerebral Cortex/metabolism ; Cysteine Endopeptidases ; Endopeptidases/*metabolism ; Glutamates/*metabolism ; Leupeptins/pharmacology ; Membrane Proteins/*metabolism ; Molecular Weight ; Rats ; Synaptic Membranes/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 20
    Publication Date: 1981-06-19
    Description: The frequency with which diethylstilbestrol induces neoplastic transformation and somatic mutation was measured concomitantly in Syrian hamster embryo cells. While diethylstilbestrol was as active as benzo[a]pyrene in inducing transformation, it failed to induce mutations at two conventionally studied loci. These results suggest that diethylstilbestrol may transform cells in the absence of gene mutations.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Barrett, J C -- Wong, A -- McLachlan, J A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jun 19;212(4501):1402-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6262919" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Benzo(a)pyrene ; Benzopyrenes ; Carcinogens ; *Cell Transformation, Neoplastic ; Cells, Cultured ; Cricetinae ; Diethylstilbestrol/*pharmacology ; Embryo, Mammalian ; Genes/*drug effects ; Mesocricetus ; *Mutation
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 21
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-01-09
    Description: The spatial distribution of phosphorus within active fraction nucleosomes reveals that the path of the DNA is consistent with one and three-fourths turns of DNA supercoiled around the outside of the protein core. This phosphorus distribution, obtained with an imaging electron spectrometer in a conventional transmission electron microscope, simultaneously establishes new limits of sensitivity for elemental microanalysis.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bazett-Jones, D P -- Ottensmeyer, F P -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jan 9;211(4478):169-70.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7444457" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cattle ; Dna ; Electron Probe Microanalysis ; Microscopy, Electron/methods ; Nucleic Acid Conformation ; Nucleosomes/*ultrastructure ; *Phosphorus ; Transcription, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 22
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-04-03
    Description: A new autosomal recessive mutation that causes hypothyroidism has been identified in mice. The gene, herein named hypothyroid (hyt), has been mapped on chromosome 12 approximately 30 units from the centromere. The mutants are characterized by retarded growth, infertility, mild anemia, elevated serum cholesterol, very low to undetectable serum thyroxine, and elevated serum thyroid-stimulating hormone. Thyroid glands are in the normal location but are reduced in size and hypoplastic. Mutant mice respond to thyroid hormone therapy by improved growth and fertility. These findings suggest that the hyt mutant gene results in primary hypothyroidism unresponsive to thyroid-stimulating hormone.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Beamer, W J -- Eicher, E M -- Maltais, L J -- Southard, J L -- AM-17947/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- NS-09378/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- RR-01138/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- etc. -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Apr 3;212(4490):61-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7209519" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Anemia/etiology ; Animals ; Cholesterol/blood ; Chromosome Mapping ; Crosses, Genetic ; Female ; Genes, Recessive ; Humans ; Hypothyroidism/blood/*genetics/veterinary ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Mutant Strains/*genetics ; Rodent Diseases/genetics ; Thyroid Gland/pathology ; Thyrotropin/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 23
    Publication Date: 1981-03-27
    Description: In an examination of the molecular basis of oral transmission of bunyaviruses by mosquitoes., La Crosse (LAC), snowshoe hare (SSH), and LAC-SSH reassortant viruses were compared in their ability to be transmitted to laboratory mice by the natural mosquito vector of LAC virus, Aedes triseriatus. Both LAC virus and the reassortment viruses containing the middle-sized (M) segment from the LAC parent were efficiently transmitted. In contrast, SSH virus and reassortment viruses containing the M RNA from the SSH parent were inefficiently transmitted. Thus, the M RNA segment, which codes for the virion glycoproteins, may be a major determinant of oral transmission of bunyaviruses by mosquitoes.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Beaty, B J -- Holterman, M -- Tabachnick, W -- Shope, R E -- Rozhon, E J -- Bishop, D H -- 1-T32-AI 07041/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI-15400/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI-15426/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 27;211(4489):1433-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6781068" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aedes/*microbiology ; Animals ; Bunyaviridae/*genetics/pathogenicity ; Bunyaviridae Infections/*transmission ; Female ; Glycoproteins/physiology ; Insect Vectors ; Mice ; RNA, Viral/genetics/*physiology ; Recombination, Genetic ; Viral Proteins/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 24
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-06-12
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Benacerraf, B -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jun 12;212(4500):1229-38.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6165083" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antibody Formation ; Antigens/genetics ; Epitopes ; Genetic Complementation Test ; Genetic Linkage ; H-2 Antigens/immunology ; Histocompatibility Antigens/genetics ; Humans ; *Immunity ; *Major Histocompatibility Complex ; T-Lymphocytes/immunology ; T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 25
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-10-23
    Description: In electric fish of the mormyrid family, an efference copy is present in the brain region that receives afferent input from ampullary electroreceptors. The efference copy is elicited by the motor command to fire the electric organ. Its effect is always opposite that the ampullary afferents responding to the electric organ discharge, and it changes to match variations in this afferent input. It probably reduces the central effects of activity in ampullary receptors evoked by the electric organ discharge.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bell, C C -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Oct 23;214(4519):450-53.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7291985" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Action Potentials ; Afferent Pathways/physiology ; Animals ; Brain/*physiology ; Efferent Pathways/physiology ; Electric Organ/*physiology ; Fishes/*physiology ; Proprioception
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 26
    Publication Date: 1981-06-26
    Description: Physical dependence on morphine occurs in a typical fashion during the active state of the mammalian hibernator Citellus lateralis, but does not occur when morphine exposure is confined to the hibernating state. Morphine exposure during hibernation can produce stereotyped behavior, thus demonstrating partial responsiveness of the central nervous system to opioids during this natural state.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Beckman, A L -- Llados-Eckman, C -- Stanton, T L -- Adler, M W -- DA-02254/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jun 26;212(4502):1527-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7233241" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Blood-Brain Barrier ; Female ; Hibernation/*drug effects ; Humans ; Male ; Morphine/*pharmacology ; Naloxone/pharmacology ; Sciuridae ; Substance-Related Disorders
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 27
    Publication Date: 1981-03-06
    Description: Living skin-equivalent grafts consisting of fibroblasts cast in collagen lattices and seeded with epidermal cells were successfully grafted onto the donors of the cells. The grafts were vascularized, did not evoke a homograft reaction, inhibited wound contraction, filled the wound space, and persisted.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bell, E -- Ehrlich, H P -- Buttle, D J -- Nakatsuji, T -- GN25561/PHS HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 6;211(4486):1052-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7008197" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Biocompatible Materials ; *Collagen ; Epidermis/cytology ; Extracellular Space ; Fibroblasts/*transplantation ; Graft Rejection ; Male ; Rats ; *Skin Transplantation ; Wound Healing
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 28
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-01-30
    Description: Arsenic concentrates in the kidneys of the giant clams of Australia's Great Barrier Reef. The highest concentrations measured were 1004 parts per million, of which most, 2066 parts per million, were in the water-soluble fraction containing trimethylarsoniumlactate and its derivatives. This accumulation is ascribed to a mechanism in which oceanic arsenate is assimilated by symbiotic zooxanthellae and subsequently deposited in host tissues. The gills are the major site of arsenic excretion by these animals. Gill membrane arsenolipids mediate exposure of their trimethylarsonium groups to the sea and its biological oxidative activities.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Benson, A A -- Summons, R E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jan 30;211(4481):482-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7455685" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Arsenic/*metabolism ; Australia ; Invertebrates/metabolism ; Kidney/metabolism ; *Marine Biology ; Phosphates/metabolism ; *Water Pollutants ; *Water Pollutants, Chemical
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 29
    Publication Date: 1981-05-01
    Description: A protein of molecular size 180 kilodaltons is associated with 10-nanometer filaments in neurons and is immunologically distinct from smaller putative neurofilament subunits and from 10-nanometer filament proteins in nonneuronal cells, such as myotubes and fibroblasts. Neurons do not contain vimentin, the major filament protein in many other cells, including the nonneuronal cells in cultures of neural tissue.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bennett, G S -- Tapscott, S J -- Kleinbart, F A -- Antin, P B -- Holtzer, H -- HD07152/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- HL15835/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- HL18708/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- etc. -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 May 1;212(4494):567-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6163217" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cytoskeleton/*ultrastructure ; Desmin ; Epitopes ; Fibroblasts/analysis ; Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein ; Keratins/analysis ; Molecular Weight ; Muscle Proteins/analysis ; Nerve Tissue Proteins/*analysis/immunology ; Neurofilament Proteins ; Spinal Cord/analysis ; Vimentin
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 30
    Publication Date: 1981-09-25
    Description: Labeled acetylcholine derived from labeled pyruvate in a synaptosomal preparation from rat brain, incubated with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide as well as coenzyme A, is stimulated by calcium ions in the absence but not in the presence of Triton X-100. Whereas citrate is taken up by cholinergic synaptosomes because it suppresses the formation of acetylcholine from pyruvate, it is not itself converted into acetylcholine. The evidence suggests that there is a calcium-dependent transfer of mitochondrial acetyl coenzyme A into the cholinergic synaptoplasm, which is apparently devoid of the citrate cleavage enzyme, and is there converted into acetylcholine. The permeability of the inner mitochondrial membrane to coenzyme A and acetyl coenzyme A seems to be enhanced by calcium ions, and this effect may be mediated by mitochondrial phospholipase A2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Benjamin, A M -- Quastel, J H -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Sep 25;213(4515):1495-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7280667" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: ATP Citrate (pro-S)-Lyase/metabolism ; Acetyl Coenzyme A/*metabolism ; Acetylcholine/*biosynthesis ; Animals ; Brain/*metabolism ; Calcium/physiology ; Citrates/metabolism ; Mitochondria/*metabolism ; NAD/metabolism ; Phospholipases A/metabolism ; Phospholipases A2 ; Rats ; Synaptosomes/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 31
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-10-02
    Description: In a replicated experiment, nonbreeding winter populations of Microtus montanus were given supplements of rolled oats coated with 6-methoxybenzoxazolinone, a naturally occurring plant derivative. After 3 weeks of this feeding regime, samples from the populations demonstrated a high incidence of pregnancy in females and testicular hypertrophy in males. Control populations receiving rolled oats coated only with the solvent showed no reproductive activity. These results demonstrate that the presence of 6-methoxybenzoxazolinone in the plant food resource acts as the ultimate cue to trigger reproductive effort in Microtus montanus.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Berger, P J -- Negus, N C -- Sanders, E H -- Gardner, P D -- RR-07092/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Oct 2;214(4516):69-70.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7025210" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Arvicolinae/*physiology ; Benzoxazoles/*pharmacology ; Diet ; Environment ; Female ; Male ; Plants ; Reproduction/*drug effects ; Seasons
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 32
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-07-17
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Berg, P -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jul 17;213(4505):296-303.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6264595" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Line ; Chromosomes/*physiology/ultrastructure ; DNA Restriction Enzymes ; DNA, Recombinant ; DNA, Viral/genetics ; *Genes ; Histones ; Humans ; Plasmids ; RNA, Messenger/genetics ; Simian virus 40/genetics ; Transduction, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 33
    Publication Date: 1981-06-12
    Description: Somatomedin-C stimulates somatostatin release to a maximum of 390 percent of basal release during short-term (20-minute) incubation of rat hypothalamus. It has no effect on basal or stimulated growth hormone release from primary cultures of rat adenohypophyseal cells during a 4-hour incubation, but inhibits stimulated release by more that 90 percent after 24 hours. These findings suggest that somatomedin-C participates in the growth hormone negative feedback loop with an immediate effect on hypothalamic somatostatin and a delayed effect on the anterior pituitary.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Berelowitz, M -- Szabo, M -- Frohman, L A -- Firestone, S -- Chu, L -- Hintz, R L -- AM 18722/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- AM 24085/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jun 12;212(4500):1279-81.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6262917" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Bucladesine/pharmacology ; Cells, Cultured ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Feedback ; Growth Hormone/pharmacology/*secretion ; Hypothalamus/drug effects/*physiology ; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I ; Kinetics ; Pituitary Gland, Anterior/drug effects/*secretion ; Rats ; Somatomedins/*pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 34
    Publication Date: 1981-07-10
    Description: Rats treated with chloramphenicol from days 7 to 21 of intrauterine life (50 milligrams per kilogram per day, injected subcutaneously into the mothers) or in the first 3 days of extrauterine life (50 to 100 milligrams per kilogram per day) were trained for avoidance conditioning when 60 days old. The acquisition of the avoidance response was impaired to a highly significant degree in all the treated groups.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bertolini, A -- Poggioli, R -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jul 10;213(4504):238-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7244633" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aging ; Animals ; Avoidance Learning/*drug effects ; Brain/drug effects/embryology/*growth & development ; Chloramphenicol/*pharmacology ; Female ; Male ; Maternal-Fetal Exchange ; Pregnancy ; Rats ; Sex Factors
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 35
    Publication Date: 1981-08-28
    Description: Mice were injected daily, for up to 10 weeks, with purified monoclonal immunoglobulin G from patients with myelomatous polyneuropathy or benign gammopathy. The animals developed a demyelinating polyneuropathy with slowed nerve conduction velocities. The putative antinerve factor may be an antibody since injection of Fab fragments from the monoclonal immunoglobulin G produced a similar demyelination. This provides evidence of a circulating factor in the serum of myeloma patients with polyneuropathy that reproduces typical features of the human disease on passive transfer. This disorder is thus distinguished from other neuropathies that occur as remote effects of malignant disease but have no identified pathogenic factors associated with them.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Besinger, U A -- Toyka, K V -- Anzil, A P -- Fateh-Mognadam, A -- Rouscher, R -- Heininger, K -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Aug 28;213(4511):1027-30.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7268405" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Autoimmune Diseases/*immunology ; Demyelinating Diseases/*etiology/immunology/physiopathology ; Female ; Humans ; Immunization, Passive ; Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments ; Immunoglobulin Fc Fragments ; Immunoglobulin G ; Mice ; Multiple Myeloma/*complications ; Neural Conduction
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 36
    Publication Date: 1981-07-31
    Description: New applications of laser microbeam irradiation to cell and developmental biology include a new instrument with a tunable wavelength (217- to 800-nanometer) laser microbeam and a wide range of energies and exposure durations (down to 25 X 10(-12) second). Laser microbeams can be used for microirradiation of selected nucleolar genetic regions and for laser microdissection of mitotic and cytoplasmic organelles. They are also used to disrupt the developing neurosensory appendages of the cricket and the imaginal discs of Drosophila.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Berns, M W -- Aist, J -- Edwards, J -- Strahs, K -- Girton, J -- McNeill, P -- Rattner, J B -- Kitzes, M -- Hammer-Wilson, M -- Liaw, L H -- Siemens, A -- Koonce, M -- Peterson, S -- Brenner, S -- Burt, J -- Walter, R -- Bryant, P J -- van Dyk, D -- Coulombe, J -- Cahill, T -- Berns, G S -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jul 31;213(4507):505-13.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7017933" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Cell Physiological Phenomena ; Chloroplasts/physiology ; Drosophila ; *Lasers ; Microscopy, Phase-Contrast ; Microsurgery/*methods ; Mitochondria/physiology ; Mitosis ; Neurons/physiology ; Plant Physiological Phenomena
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 37
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-01-30
    Description: In order to explain the insulin-like effect of exercise, it was proposed in 1951 that contracting muscle fibers liberate creatine, which acts to produce an acceptor effect--later called respiratory control--on the muscle mitochondria. The development of this notion paralleled the controversy between biochemists and physiologists over the delivery of energy for muscle contraction. With the demonstration of functional compartmentation of creatine kinase on the mitochondrion, it became clear that the actual form of energy transport in the muscle fiber is phosphorylcreatine. The finding of an isoenzyme of creatine phosphokinase attached to the M-line region of the myofibril revealed the peripheral receptor for the mitochondrially generated phosphorylcreatine. This established a molecular basis for a phosphorylcreatine-creatine shuttle for energy transport in heart and skeletal muscle and provided an explanation for the inability to demonstrate experimentally a direct relation between muscle activity and the concentrations of adenosine triphosphate and adenosine diphosphate.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bessman, S P -- Geiger, P J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jan 30;211(4481):448-52.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6450446" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism ; Adenosine Triphosphate/*metabolism ; Animals ; Creatine/metabolism ; Creatine Kinase/metabolism ; *Energy Metabolism ; Kinetics ; Mitochondria, Heart/metabolism ; *Muscle Contraction ; Muscles/*metabolism ; Myosins/metabolism ; Phosphocreatine/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 38
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-01-02
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bindra, D -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jan 2;211(4477):86-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7444454" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Animal Communication ; Animals ; Hominidae/*physiology ; Language
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 39
    Publication Date: 1981-05-22
    Description: The molecularly cloned, long terminal repeat (LTR) of the Moloney sarcoma virus (M-MSV) provirus has been covalently linked to c-mos, the cellular homolog of the M-MSV-specific sequence, v-mos. These newly constructed clones lack any M-MSV-derived sequences other than the LTR, but in DNA transfection assays they transform cells as efficiently as cloned subgenomic M-MSV fragments containing both v-mos and LTR. Cells transformed by LTR:c-mos hybrid molecules contain additional copies of mos DNA, and several size classes of polyadenylated RNA's with sequence homology to mos. The activation of the transforming potential of c-mos by the proviral LTR suggests a model whereby LTR-like elements could activate other normal cell sequences with oncogenic potential.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Blair, D G -- Oskarsson, M -- Wood, T G -- McClements, W L -- Fischinger, P J -- Vande Woude, G G -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 May 22;212(4497):941-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7233190" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Cell Transformation, Viral ; Cells, Cultured ; DNA, Recombinant ; Defective Viruses/genetics ; Gene Expression Regulation ; *Genes, Viral ; Mice ; Moloney murine leukemia virus/*genetics ; Nucleic Acid Hybridization ; Operon ; Plasmids
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 40
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-03-06
    Description: Throughout development, Mongolian gerbils engage in conspicuous naso-oral investigations of their social partners' mouth areas. The behavioral contribution of saliva-related stimuli in regulating oral-directed responses was studied during several important phases of the gerbil's social life. Weanlings were preferentially attracted to their mother's saliva, subadults at puberty preferred saliva of littermates to that of nonlittermates, and sexually experienced males preferred the saliva of estrous females to that of nonestrous females. The use of saliva as a discriminative cue during various developmental periods suggests that oral chemostimuli have a perennial role in regulating social interchanges.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Block, M L -- Volpe, L C -- Hayes, M J -- R03MH 27346/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 6;211(4486):1062-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7466378" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Suckling/physiology ; Behavior, Animal/*physiology ; Female ; Gerbillinae/*physiology ; Male ; Maternal Behavior ; Saliva/*physiology ; *Social Behavior
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 41
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-12-18
    Description: A dihydropyridine-pyridinium salt type of redox system is used in a general and flexible method for the site-specific or sustained delivery (or both) of drugs to the brain. A biologically active compound linked to a lipoidal dihydropyridine carrier easily penetrates the blood-brain barrier. Oxidation of the carrier part in vivo to the ionic pyridinium salt prevents its elimination from the brain, while elimination from the general circulation is accelerated. Subsequent cleavage of the quaternary carrier-drug species results in sustained delivery of the drug in the brain and facile elimination of the carrier part.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bodor, N -- Farag, H H -- Brewster, M E 3rd -- GM 27167/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Dec 18;214(4527):1370-2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7313698" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Berberine/administration & dosage ; Blood-Brain Barrier ; Brain Diseases/*drug therapy ; Metabolic Clearance Rate ; Nicotinic Acids/administration & dosage ; Oxidation-Reduction ; Phenethylamines/administration & dosage ; Pyridines/*administration & dosage ; Pyridinium Compounds/*administration & dosage ; Rats
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 42
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-04-24
    Description: Evoked potential and unit responses from the lamprey brain to weak electric fields demonstrate that lampreys have an electrosensory system as sensitive as those of other electroreceptive fishes. Electrosensory responses were recorded in the dorsal medulla, the midbrain torus semicircularis, and the optic tectum. Similarities in the structure of the anterior lateral line nerves and medullary organization between lampreys and several primitive jawed fishes indicate that the electroreceptive systems are homologous in these taxa. Thus electroreception was probably present in the earliest vertebrates ancestral to both agnathans and gnathostomes.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bodznick, D -- Northcutt, R G -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Apr 24;212(4493):465-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7209544" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Biological Evolution ; Brain/physiology ; Electric Stimulation ; Evoked Potentials ; Fishes/*physiology ; Lampreys/*physiology ; Sensory Receptor Cells/physiology ; Visual Perception/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 43
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-08-07
    Description: After a weak, steady electric current of approximately 10 microamperes was imposed across the completely severed spinal cord of the larval lamprey Petromyzon marinus, enhanced regeneration was observed in the severed giant reticulospinal neurons. The current was applied with implanted wick electrodes for 5 to 6 days after transection (cathode distal to lesion). The spinal cords were examined 44 to 63 days after the operation by means of intracellular fluorescent dye injections and electrophysiology. Extracellular stimulation of whole cords showed that action potentials in most of the electrically treated preparations were conducted in both directions across the lesion, but they were not conducted in either direction in most of the sham-treated controls. In most of the electrically treated animals, processes from giant axons with swollen irregular tips, indicating active growth, were seen in or across the lesion. Only a few of the sham-treated controls showed these features. It is possible that these facilitated regenerative responses were mediated by the effects of the artificially applied electric fields on the natural steady current of injury entering the spinal lesion.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Borgens, R B -- Roederer, E -- Cohen, M J -- 1 F32 NS06188-01/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- 2 P50-NS10174-07/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- 5-507RR07015/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Aug 7;213(4508):611-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7256258" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Action Potentials ; Animals ; Axons/physiology ; Electric Stimulation ; Evoked Potentials ; Fishes/*physiology ; Lampreys/*physiology ; Larva ; Nerve Endings/physiology ; *Nerve Regeneration ; Spinal Cord/*physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 44
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-05-22
    Description: Of 42 maned wolves in zoos or live-trapped in Brazil, 34 had excessive cystine in their urine. Renal clearance studies of five of the affected wolves revealed a variable defect for the reabsorption of cystine and dibasic amino acids. The renal tubular handling of other solutes including glucose, phosphate, sodium, potassium, and uric acid was considered normal. Urinary calculi composed of cystine were found in four wolves and proved fatal in three of them. With the exception of the high incidence in this species, this hereditary disease resembles the disorder described in dogs and humans.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bovee, K C -- Bush, M -- Dietz, J -- Jezyk, P -- Segal, S -- AM 10894/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- GM 20138/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 May 22;212(4497):919-20.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7233184" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acids/metabolism ; Animals ; Animals, Zoo/*urine ; Carnivora/*metabolism ; Cystine/metabolism ; Cystinuria/*veterinary ; Kidney/metabolism ; Kidney Tubules/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 45
    Publication Date: 1981-09-11
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bowen, K M -- Prowse, S J -- Lafferty, K J -- AM28126-01/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Sep 11;213(4513):1261-2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6791285" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Ascitic Fluid/cytology ; Blood Glucose/metabolism ; Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/*therapy ; *Graft Rejection ; Islets of Langerhans/immunology ; *Islets of Langerhans Transplantation ; Mice ; Organ Culture Techniques ; Transplantation, Homologous
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 46
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-01-30
    Description: When presented a novel olfactory stimulus while suckling a passive dam, 11- to 14-day-old rat pups acquire a conditioned preference for that stimulus. The magnitude of the conditioned preference is greater if the pups received milk while suckling than if they did not. The results indicate that infants are capable of learning while suckling and that milk delivery plays a role in this associative process.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Brake, S C -- MH 32429/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Jan 30;211(4481):506-8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7192882" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animal Population Groups/*physiology ; Animals ; Animals, Suckling/*physiology ; Association Learning/physiology ; Behavior, Animal/*physiology ; Conditioning (Psychology) ; Female ; *Lactation ; Pregnancy ; Rats ; Smell
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 47
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1981-03-27
    Description: Unscheduled DNA synthesis occurred in both male and female pronuclei of the mouse zygote in response to irradiation with ultraviolet light, indicating a capacity for excision repair. Furthermore, damage to DNA of the male gamete before fertilization can be repaired after the sperm enters the egg cytoplasm.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Brandriff, B -- Pedersen, R A -- T32-CA09272-03/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Mar 27;211(4489):1431-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7466400" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Autoradiography ; Cytoplasm/metabolism ; DNA/biosynthesis/radiation effects ; *DNA Repair ; Female ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred ICR ; Spermatozoa/*radiation effects ; Ultraviolet Rays ; Zygote/*metabolism/radiation effects
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 48
    Publication Date: 1981-04-17
    Description: An investigation of the efficacy of astatine-211--tellurium colloid for the treatment of experimental malignant ascites in mice reveals that this alpha-emitting radiocolloid can be curative without causing undue toxicity to normal tissue. By comparison, negatron-emitting phosphorus-32 as colloidal chromic phosphate had no antineoplastic activity. The most compelling explanation for this striking difference is the dense ionization and short range of action associated with alpha-emission. These results have important implications for the development and use of alpha-emitters as radiocolloid therapy for the treatment of human tumors.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bloomer, W D -- McLaughlin, W H -- Neirinckx, R D -- Adelstein, S J -- Gordon, P R -- Ruth, T J -- Wolf, A P -- CA-12662/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA-15523/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- NS-15380/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1981 Apr 17;212(4492):340-1.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7209534" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉