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  • Deutschland  (670)
  • Cell & Developmental Biology
  • ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg  (670)
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  • 1
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier Science | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Despite numerous studies on skill development, we know little about the effects of extracurricular music activities on cognitive and non-cognitive skills. This study examines how music training during childhood and youth affects the development of cognitive skills, school grades, personality, time use and ambition using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Our findings suggest that adolescents with music training have better school grades, are more conscientious, open and ambitious. These effects are stronger among adolescents from lower socio-economic status. In order to address the non-random selection into playing music, we take into account detailed information on the child and its parents, which may determine both the decision to pursue music lessons and educational outcomes. While lacking truly exogenous variations in music activities, our results are robust to a large range of sensitivity tests. We thereby approach causality better than previous observational studies.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Economics of Education Review. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Economics of Education Review 44 (2015), pp. 56-82 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2014.10.007.
    Keywords: I21 ; J24 ; Z11 ; ddc:330 ; Music ; Cognitive and non-cognitive skills ; Educational achievement ; SOEP ; Musik ; Bildungsertrag ; Panel ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: In survey research, a consensus has grown regarding the effectiveness of incentives encouraging survey participation across different survey modes and target populations. Most of this research has been based on surveys from the United States, whereas few studies have provided evidence that these results can be generalized to other contexts. This paper is the first to present comprehensive information concerning the effects of incentives on response rates and nonresponse bias across large-scale surveys in Germany. The context could be viewed as a critical test for incentive effects because Germany’s population is among the most survey-critical in the world, with very low response rates. Our results suggest positive incentive effects on response rates and patterns of effects that are similar to those in previous research: The effect increased with the monetary value of the incentive; cash incentives affected response propensity more strongly than lottery tickets do; and prepaid incentives could be more cost effective than conditional incentives. We found mixed results for the effects of incentives on nonresponse bias. Regarding large-scale panel surveys, we could not unequivocally confirm that incentives increased response rates in later panel waves.
    Description: This is a pre‐copyedited, author‐produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in "Public Opinion Quarterly" following peer review. The version of record Are Incentive Effects on Response Rates and Nonresponse Bias in Large‐Scale, Face‐to‐Face Surveys Generalizable in Germany? Evidence from Ten Experiments / Klaus Pforr, Michael Blohm, Annelies G. Blom, Barbara Erdel, Barbara Felderer, Mathis Fräßdorf, Kristin Hajek, Susanne Helmschrott, Corinna Kleinert, Achim Koch, Ulrich Krieger, Martin Kroh, Silke Martin, Denise Saßenroth, Claudia Schmiedeberg, Eva‐Maria. In: Public Opinion Quarterly 79 (2015), 3, pp. 740‐768 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfv014
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Methodenforschung ; Interview ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 3
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: We analyze the impacts of future scenarios of electric vehicles (EVs) on the German power system, drawing on different assumptions on the charging mode. We find that the impact on the load duration curve strongly differs between charging modes. In a fully user-driven mode, charging largely occurs during daytime and in the evening, when power demand is already high. User-driven charging may thus have to be restricted because of generation adequacy concerns. In contrast, cost-driven charging is carried out during night-time and at times of high PV availability. Using a novel model formulation that allows for simulating intermediate charging modes, we show that even a slight relaxation of fully user-driven charging results in much smoother load profiles. Further, cost-driven EV charging strongly increases the utilization of hard coal and lignite plants in 2030, whereas additional power in the user-driven mode is predominantly generated from natural gas and hard coal. Specific CO2 emissions of EVs are substantially higher than those of the overall power system, and highest under cost-driven charging. Only in additional model runs, in which we link the introduction of EVs to a respective deployment of additional renewables, electric vehicles become largely CO2-neutral.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Applied Energy vol. 156 (2015), p. 185-196, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.07.012
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Electric vehicles ; Power system ; Dispatch model ; Renewable energy ; Energieökonomik ; Energieforschung ; Klimawandel ; Energieversorgung ; Schätzung ; Kohle ; Erneuerbare Ressourcen ; Deutschland ; Kraftfahrzeug
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 4
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    Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper is the first to analyze the impact of family background on permanent earnings based on sibling correlations in Germany and to provide a cross-country comparison of Germany, Denmark, and USA. The main findings are that family and community background has a stronger influence on permanent earnings in Germany than in Denmark, and a comparable influence is found in USA. This holds true for both male and female siblings. A deeper analysis of Germany shows that family background also plays an important role in explaining variations in family income, wages, education, and risk attitudes.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00148-013-0468-6
    Keywords: D1 ; D3 ; J62 ; ddc:330 ; Sibling correlations ; Intergenerational mobility ; REML ; Germany ; SOEP ; Soziale Beziehungen ; Soziale Gruppe ; Soziales Netzwerk ; Zufriedenheit ; Einkommen ; Lohn ; Familie ; Vergleich ; Dänemark ; Deutschland ; USA
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 5
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: While some scholars interpret the frequently documented association between age and the strength of party identification as evidence of accumulated political learning, others stress the importance of critical life stages. Germany's turbulent last century, with its suspensions of democratic processes, provides the unique opportunity to empirically disentangle both effects and to also study the consequences of early experiences of autocratic regimes on later growth rates in partisan strength. Random growth curve models based on multi-cohort panel data emanating from the German Socio-Economic Panel show that the growth trajectory in the strength of party identification largely depends on the number of electoral experiences. Moreover, the analysis documents few differences in growth rates between individuals socialized in democratic versus autocratic regimes.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Electoral Studies. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Electoral Studies ; 33 (2014), pp. 90-101 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2013.06.013.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Growth curve models ; Strength of party identification ; Life-cycle ; Germany ; Political socialization ; Democratization ; Politische Partei ; Statistische Methode ; Deutschland ; Soziale Gruppe
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 6
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: I examine the effects of increasing amounts of fluctuating renewable energy on residual load, which is defined as the difference between actual power demand and the feed-in of non-dispatchable and inflexible generators. I draw on policy-relevant scenarios for Germany and make use of extensive sensitivity analyses. Whereas yearly renewable surplus energy is low in most scenarios analyzed, peak surplus power can become very high. Decreasing thermal must-run requirements and increasing biomass flexibility substantially reduce surpluses. I use an optimization model to determine the storage capacities required for taking up renewable surpluses. Allowing curtailment of 1% of the yearly feed-in of non-dispatchable renewables would render storage investments largely obsolete until 2032 under the assumption of a flexible power system. Further restrictions of curtailment as well as lower system flexibility strongly increase storage requirements. By 2050, at least 10 GW of storage are required for surplus integration, of which a sizeable share is seasonal storage. Results suggest that policy makers should work toward avoiding surplus generation, in particular by decreasing the must-run of thermal generators. Concerns about surpluses should not be regarded as an obstacle to further renewable expansion. The findings are also relevant for other countries that shift toward fluctuating renewables.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Energy Policy 73 (2014), pp. 65-79, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2014.05.032
    Keywords: Q42 ; Q47 ; Q48 ; ddc:330 ; Renewable energy ; Residual load ; Storage ; Erneuerbare Ressourcen ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 7
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The increasing utilization of renewable energy sources (RES) is a major energy policy strategy in many countries worldwide. Germany is a forerunner in the deployment of RES and has ambitious goals for the future. The support and use of renewables affects the economy: It creates business opportunities in sectors producing renewable energy facilities, but comes with costs related to supporting its deployment. This paper analyses and quantifies the net balance of economic effects associated with renewable energy deployment in Germany until 2030. To this end, we use a novel model, the ‘Sectoral Energy-Economic Econometric Model’. This is an econometric multi-country model which, for Germany, contains a detailed representation of industries, including 14 renewable energy technology sectors. Our results show that renewable energy expansion can be achieved without compromising growth or employment. The analysis reveals a positive net effect on economic growth in Germany. Net employment effects are small, but also positive. Their size depends strongly on labour market conditions and policies. Results at the industry level indicate the size and direction of the need for restructuring across the sectors of the Germany economy.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 40 (2014), pp. 1070-1080, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.134
    Keywords: Q43 ; Q52 ; C5 ; ddc:330 ; Renewable energy ; Net economic effects ; Germany ; Energieversorgung ; Erneuerbare Ressourcen ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 8
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    Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2019-10-04
    Description: This paper studies the relationships between annual and subannual inequality and mobility during the course of the year. We apply an exact decomposition framework as outlined in Wodon and Yitzhaki (Econ Bull 4:1–8, 2003), and in Yitzhaki and Wodon (Research on Economic Inequality 12:179–199, 2004). Earnings records of pension insurants in Germany serve as the database. The long time horizon of our database allows us to investigate the stability and robustness of the parameters of the decomposition over time. Specifically, we show that the mobility component of the decomposition, as measured by Gini correlation coefficients, changes over the observation period. This makes it difficult to predict the impact of the income accounting period on inequality in a more general context. Thus, it is of paramount importance to use income data from a uniform accounting period in distributional analyses.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10888-013-9260-9
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Accounting period ; Time structure of earnings ; Gini decomposition ; Inequality ; Mobility ; Re-ranking ; Einkommensverteilung ; Lebenseinkommen ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 9
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Studies on health effects of unemployment usually neglect spillover effects on spouses. This study specifically investigates the effect of an individual's unemployment on the mental health of their spouse. In order to allow for causal interpretation of the estimates, it focuses on plant closure as entry into unemployment, and combines difference-in-difference and matching based on entropy balancing to provide robustness against observable and time-invariant unobservable heterogeneity. Using German Socio-Economic Panel Study data the paper reveals that unemployment decreases the mental health of spouses almost as much as for the directly affected individuals. The findings highlight that previous studies underestimate the public health costs of unemployment as they do not account for the potential consequences for spouses.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in “Journal of Health Economics”. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Health Economics 32 (2013), 3, pp. 546–558 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2013.02.004.
    Keywords: I12 ; J65 ; ddc:330 ; Unemployment ; Mental health ; Plant closure ; Entropy balancing ; Job loss ; Ehe ; Arbeitslosigkeit ; Gesundheit ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 10
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    Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Durch den Anstieg des Anteils älterer Menschen an der Gesamtbevölkerung ist es auch für die Epidemiologie von besonderem Interesse, welche Faktoren gesundes Altern beeinflussen. 2011 wurde daher innerhalb der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Epidemiologie (DGEpi) eine Arbeitsgruppe „Epidemiologie des Alterns“ gegründet. Im Juni 2013 wurde durch die AG ein Workshop organisiert, in dem folgende Datenquellen für die epidemiologische Alternsforschung in Deutschland vorgestellt wurden: Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP), Deutscher Alterssurvey (DEAS), Surveys des Robert Koch-Instituts: Studie zur Gesundheit Erwachsener in Deutschland (DEGS) und Gesundheit in Deutschland aktuell (GEDA), Das Sozio-oekonomische Panel (SOEP), Kooperative Gesundheitsforschung in der Region Augsburg (KORA-Age), Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Deutschland, Daten der gesetzlichen Krankenkassen. In den Beiträgen werden die Datensätze, die Methodik, die altersspezifischen Fragestellungen sowie Möglichkeiten und Limitationen vorgestellt und die Datennutzungsbedingungen erläutert. Gemeinsamkeit der Studien ist, dass sie potenziell geeignet sind, längsschnittliche Verläufe abzubilden, und der wissenschaftlichen Öffentlichkeit auf Anfrage Daten zur Auswertung zur Verfügung stellen.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00103-013-1842-y
    Description: Due to the increasing proportion of older people in the general population epidemiologists are interested in identifying which factors determine healthy ageing. For this reason within the German Society for Epidemiology we founded the working group ‘Epidemiology of Ageing’ in 2011. The working group organised a workshop to present useful datasets on ageing in Germany for epidemiological research. Those presented included: Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) The German Ageing Survey (DEAS) Surveys from the Robert Koch Institute: German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS) and the German Health Update (GEDA) The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA-Age) Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Germany Claims data from statutory health insurance agencies Presentations contained a brief description of the datasets, methodologies, age-related themes, their strengths and limitations as well as their availability for secondary analysis. All presented datasets can be used for longitudinal analyses and are available to the scientific community.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Epidemiologie ; Altersforschung ; Datensätze ; Deutschland ; Gesundes Altern ; Epidemiology ; Germany ; Ageing research ; Datasets ; Healthy ageing ; Alternde Bevölkerung ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 11
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    Leeds: Maney Publishing | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper analyzes naming behavior in Germany in the context of rapid social change. It begins with an overview of general developments in naming in Germany over the last one hundred years, based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), which supplies us with almost 45,000 datasets. The paper focuses on the periods of World War II and the Cold War since we conclude that general developments in naming were disrupted by these two phenomena. Wartime brings accelerated social change in its wake and people react to this social change - often on an apparently individual level. Here, our findings are in accordance with established sociological theories.
    Description: Publisher's website: http://maneypublishing.com/index.php/journals/nam/
    Keywords: J19 ; P59 ; Y8 ; ddc:300 ; World War II ; SOEP ; Naming ; Germany ; Cold War ; Krieg ; Sozialer Wandel ; Deutschland ; Panel
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 12
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper explores the relationship between the self-declared risk aversion of private investors and their propensity to hold incomplete portfolios of financial assets. The analysis is based on household survey data from the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP) that provides a reliable measure of individual attitudes toward financial risk. Our findings suggest that more risk averse households tend to hold incomplete portfolios consisting mainly of a few risk-free assets. We also find that the propensity to acquire additional assets is highly dependent on whether liquidity and safety needs are met.
    Description: This is the postprint of an article published in the Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance 52 (2012), 1, p. 1-14, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.qref.2011.10.001
    Keywords: D14 ; G11 ; ddc:330 ; private households ; portfolio diversification ; risk aversion ; Sparen ; Panel ; Geldanlagen ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 13
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    Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: In vielen westlichen Demokratien nimmt der Anteil langfristig parteigebundener Bürger ab, ein Trend, der insbesondere junge Erwachsene betrifft. Dieser Beitrag geht der Frage nach, ob Veränderungen in der Übertragung von Parteibindungen von einer Generation zur nächsten für den Rückgang der Parteibindungen in Bevölkerung verantwortlich sind. Auf Basis der Daten des Sozio-Oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) wird der Einfluss der elterlichen politischen Orientierungen auf die Entwicklung von Parteiidentifikationen junger Erwachsener zwischen den Geburtsjahrgängen 1968 bis 1993 verglichen. Die Analysen zeigen, dass insbesondere parteipolitisch geprägte Elternhäuser zunehmend weniger erfolgreich darin sind, ihre politischen Ansichten an die nächste Generation weiterzugeben. Der Beitrag untersucht die Bedeutung von sozialer Mobilität, Bildungsexpansion, Wertewandel, Politisierung des Elternhauses und Veränderungen der Konsistenz elterlicher Parteibindungen für diesen Trend.
    Description: Die endgültige Fassung dieses Aufsatzes ist erschienen unter http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845262178_210
    Description: In many western democracies, the number of partisans is steadily declining, a trend that particularly affects young adults. This article investigates whether partisan dealignment in Germany is due to changes in the transmission of party identification from one generation to the next. The analysis, which draws on data emanating from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), compares the effect of parental political views on the acquisition of party identification of young adults between the birth cohorts 1968 and 1993. The analysis shows that particularly partisan families are increasingly less successful in passing their political views on to the next generation. The article considers the role of social mobility, educational expansion, value change, the politicization of families, and the consistency of parental political views for this trend.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Politische Einstellung ; Politische Einstellung ; Politische Partei ; Eltern ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 14
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: We study the strategic utilization of storage in imperfect electricity markets. We apply a game-theoretic Cournot model to the German power market and analyze different counterfactual and realistic cases of pumped hydro storage. Our main finding is that both storage utilization and storage-related welfare effects depend on storage ownership and the operator's involvement in conventional generation. Strategic operators generally under-utilize owned storage capacity. Strategic storage operation may also lead to welfare losses, in particular if the total storage capacity is controlled by an oligopolistic generator that also owns conventional generation capacity. Yet in the current German situation, pumped hydro storage is not a relevant source of market power.
    Description: This is a postprint of an article published in Energy Journal 32 (2011), 3, p. 59-87, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol32-No3-3
    Keywords: Q40 ; Q41 ; L13 ; D43 ; ddc:330 ; Electric Power Markets ; Storage ; Market Power ; Nash-Cournot ; Elektrizität ; Wasserversorgung ; Wasserwirtschaft ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 15
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper investigates the short-term effects of public smoking bans on individual smoking behavior. In 2007 and 2008, state-level smoking bans were gradually introduced in all of Germany's federal states. We exploit this variation to identify the effect that smoke-free policies had on individuals’ smoking propensity and smoking intensity. Using rich longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, our difference-in-differences estimates show that the introduction of smoke-free legislation in Germany did not change average smoking behavior within the population. However, our estimates point to important heterogeneous effects. Individuals who go out more often to bars and restaurants did adjust their smoking behavior. Following the ban, they became less likely to smoke and also smoked less.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Health Economics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Health Economics 30 (2011), 3, pp. 591-601 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2011.03.003.
    Keywords: I12 ; K32 ; I18 ; C33 ; ddc:330 ; Public smoking bans ; Smoking ; Cigarette consumption ; Treatment effects ; Rauchen ; Konsumentenverhalten ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 16
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This study analyzes real wage cyclicality for male full-time workers within employer–employee matches in Germany over the period 1984–2004. Five different wage measures are compared: the standard hourly wage rate; hourly wage earnings including overtime and bonus pay; the effective wage, which takes into account unpaid overtime; and monthly earnings, with and without additional pay. None of the hourly wage measures exhibits cyclicality except for the group of salaried workers with unpaid overtime. Their effective wages show a strongly procyclical reaction to changes in unemployment. Despite acyclical wage rates, salaried workers without unpaid overtime experienced procyclical earnings movements if they had income from extra pay. Monthly earnings were also procyclical for hourly paid workers with overtime pay. These findings suggest that cyclical earnings movements are generated by variable pay components, such as bonuses and overtime pay, and by flexible working hours. The degree of earnings procyclicality revealed for the German labor market is comparable to the United States.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Labour Economics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Labour Economics 18 (2011), 6, pp. 786-797 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2011.06.002
    Keywords: E32 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Real wage cyclicality ; Effective wages ; Unpaid overtime ; Bonus payments ; Firm stayers ; Lohnstruktur ; Panel ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 17
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    Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper analyses the contribution of capital income to income inequality in a cross-national comparison. Using micro-data from the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) for three prominent panel studies, namely the BHPS for the UK, the SOEP for West Germany, and the PSID for the USA, we use the factor decomposition method described by Shorrocks (Econometrica 50:193–211, 1982). The factor decomposition of disposable income into single income components shows that capital income is exceedingly volatile and that its share in disposable income has risen recent years. Moreover, capital income makes a disproportionately high contribution to overall inequality in relation to its share in disposable income. This applies to Germany and the USA in particular. Thus capital income accounts for a large part of disparity in all three countries.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10888-009-9125-4
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Capital income ; CNEF ; Factor decomposition ; Inequality ; Einkommensverteilung ; Panel ; Ökonometrisches Modell ; Vergleich ; Deutschland ; USA ; Großbritannien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Despite political activities to foster a low-carbon energy transition, Germany currently sees a considerable number of new coal power plants being added to its power mix. There are several possible drivers for this "dash for coal", but it is widely accepted that windfall profits gained through free allocation of ETS certificates play an important role. Yet the quantification of allocation-related investment distortions has been limited to back-of-the envelope calculations and stylized models so far. We close this gap with a numerical model integrating both Germany's particular allocation rules and its specific power generation structure. We find that technology specific new entrant provisions have substantially increased incentives to invest in hard coal plants red to natural gas at the time of the ETS onset. More precisely, disproportionate windfall profits compared more than half the total capital costs of a hard coal plant. Moreover, shorter periods of free allocations would not have turned investors' favours towards the cleaner natural gas technology because of pre-existing economic advantages for coal. In contrast, full auctioning of permits or a single best available technology benchmark would have made natural gas the predominant technology of choice.
    Description: This is a postprint of an article published in Energy Policy 39 (2011), 4, S. 1975-1987, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.01.027
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Electricity sector investments ; Windfall profits ; ETS allocations ; Energieökonomik ; Emissionshandel ; Allokation ; Energiemarkt ; Investition ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: Die Konjunktur in Deutschland ist nach dem schweren Einbruch wieder aufwärts gerichtet. Bis ein kräftiger Aufschwung einsetzt, wird jedoch noch Zeit vergehen. Im laufenden Winterhalbjahr dürfte der gesamtwirtschaftliche Produktionsanstieg sogar niedriger ausfallen als im Halbjahr davor. Erst danach wird die Konjunktur allmählich an Dynamik gewinnen. Für das Jahr 2010 erwarten wir einen Anstieg des realen Bruttoinlandsprodukts um 1,2 Prozent (Prognose vom September: 1,0 Prozent), nach einem Rückgang um 5,0 Prozent (September: 4,9 Prozent) im Jahr 2009. Im Jahr 2011 wird die gesamtwirtschaftliche Produktion voraussichtlich um 2 Prozent ausgeweitet werden.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: In Deutschland hat sich die Konjunktur in diesem Jahr deutlich schneller erholt als in den meisten anderen Industriestaaten. Wir erwarten, dass die deutsche Wirtschaft auch in nächster Zeit vergleichsweise robust bleibt, allerdings wird sich die Dynamik deutlich verlangsamen. Die weitere Expansion wird maßgeblich von der Binnenwirtschaft getragen, während die außenwirtschaftlichen Impulse allmählich auslaufen. Für das laufende Jahr erwarten wir einen Zuwachs der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Produktion von 3,4 Prozent. Im nächsten Jahr wird vor dem Hintergrund einer deutlich nachgebenden weltwirtschaftlichen Dynamik ein Zuwachs von 1,7 Prozent erreicht werden. Die Arbeitsmarktentwicklung ist weiterhin positiv; im Verlauf des nächsten Jahres dürfte die Zahl der Arbeitslosen unter drei Millionen sinken.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: Nach einem deutlichen Produktionsumschwung im Sommer 2009 ist die konjunkturelle Erholung in Deutschland ins Stocken geraten. Im ersten Quartal 2010 dürfte das reale Bruttoinlandsprodukt aufgrund der ungewöhnlich kalten Witterung sogar gesunken sein. Die Einbußen dürften jedoch im weiteren Jahresverlauf aufgeholt werden. Unsere Prognose für den Anstieg des Bruttoinlandsprodukts im Jahr 2010 bleibt unverändert bei 1,2 Prozent. Die Zunahme im Jahr 2011 setzen wir mit 1,8 Prozent etwas niedriger an als in unserer Prognose vom Dezember (2,0 Prozent), vor allem weil die für 2011 geplante Senkung der Einkommensteuer geringer ausfallen dürfte als damals erwartet. Die Zahl der Arbeitslosen wird 2010 deutlich weniger zunehmen als bisher prognostiziert, 2011 wird sie sogar spürbar sinken.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Arbeitsmarkt ; Arbeitszeit ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: In den vergangenen Monaten haben sich die Frühindikatoren deutlich verbessert. Die konjunkturelle Dynamik dürfte in der ersten Jahreshälfte deutlich höher gewesen sein, als von uns im vergangenen März geschätzt wurde. Für das Jahr 2010 insgesamt prognostizieren wir einen Anstieg des realen Bruttoinlandsprodukts um 2,1 Prozent (Prognose im März: 1,2 Prozent). Die Zunahme im Jahr 2011 setzen wir mit 1,2 Prozent deutlich niedriger an als in unserer Prognose vom März (1,8 Prozent), vor allem weil die Finanzpolitik im kommenden Jahr dämpfend wirkt und sich die Weltkonjunktur stärker abschwächt als bisher erwartet. Die Zahl der Arbeitslosen wird weiter spürbar sinken.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Deutschland ; Öffentliche Schulden ; Griechenland ; Währungskrise ; Eurozone
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Most empirical distributional studies of well-being in developed countries rely on distributions of disposable income. From a theoretical point of view this practice is contentious since a household’s command over resources is determined not only by its spending power over commodities it can buy in the market but also on resources available to the household members through non-market mechanisms such as the in-kind provisions of the welfare state and the value of private non-cash incomes. In developed market economies the most important private non-cash income component is imputed rent from owner-occupied or subsidized accommodation. Employing a wider definition of imputed rent that also allows the analyst to capture income advantages among tenants living in rent-subsidized accommodations of various sorts (including rent-free or reduced-rent households), the present paper examines the differential effects of including imputed rents in the concept of resources in five European countries (Belgium, Germany, Greece, Italy and the UK). The results suggest that in almost all cases, the inclusion of imputed rents in the concept of resources leads to a decline in measured levels of inequality and poverty. The main beneficiaries are outright homeowners and households living in rent-free (or heavily subsidized) accommodation—most often older persons. The inclusion of imputed rents in the concept of resources does not lead to substantial changes in the ranking of the countries according to their level of inequality, despite widespread differences in the rates of home ownership and subsidization across the countries studied here.
    Description: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the Journal of Housing Economics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in the document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Housing Economics 19 (2010), 3, pp. 167-179 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhe.2010.06.002.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Home ownership ; Income in-kind ; Imputed rent ; Income distribution ; Bauwirtschaft ; Wohneigentum ; Einkommensumverteilung ; Belgien ; Deutschland ; Griechenland ; Italien ; Großbritannien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Wiesbaden: Springer VS Springer - Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Der vorliegende Beitrag beschäftigt sich vor dem Hintergrund spezifischer Rekrutierungsmuster im Berufsfeld Wissenschaft mit der sozialstrukturellen Zusammensetzung der Professorenschaft im Fach Soziologie. Grundlage ist eine Gesamterhebung der Professorinnen und Professoren an universitären soziologischen Fachinstituten und ausgewählten außeruniversitären wissenschaftlichen Einrichtungen. Untersuchte sozialstrukturelle Parameter sind der Frauenanteil, der Anteil an ausländischen Hochschullehrer, das Verhältnis zwischen Personen und Standorten in Ost- und Westdeutschland und die Altersverteilung. Um Veränderungen über die Zeit zu erfassen, werden diese Dimensionen nach Altersgruppen differenziert betrachtet. Insgesamt zeigt sich trotz eines großen Anteils neu berufener Professoren mit Ausnahme der Feminisierung eine große strukturelle Stabilität im Vergleich der Altersgruppen, was auf das Wirken dominanter Mechanismen der Rekrutierung schließen lässt. Insbesondere die Internationalisierung und die Einfädelung der Ostdeutschen in das Wissenschaftssystem sind, im Hinblick auf die analysierten Indikatoren, nicht gelungen.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11577-010-0118-x
    Description: Against the background of existing patterns of recruitment within academics the article deals with the socio-structural composition of the professors in the field of sociology. The basis is a full survey of professors at departments of sociology at German universities and a number of selected research institutes. The parameters of interest are the share of female professors, the share of foreign professors, the social background of professors in terms of coming from East or West Germany and the age distribution. In order to capture changes over time, we differentiate the data according to birth cohorts. All in all with the exception of the feminization of the profession we find a great structural stability of the composition of sociology professors, which indicates the ongoing dominance of specific pattern of recruitment. In particular the inclusion of East Germans and the internationalization of the professorial personal have not advanced.
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; Soziologie ; Sozialstruktur ; Professuren ; Berufliche Platzierung ; Rekrutierung ; Sociology ; Social stratification ; Professorships ; Occupational segregation ; Recruitment patterns ; Wissenschaftler ; Soziologie ; Hochschule ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    London: Taylor & Francis | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: We provide first evidence on the relationship between cognitive abilities and earnings in Germany using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) Study. The estimates suggest that mechanics abilities are positively related to wages of West German workers, even when educational attainment is controlled for. Pragmatics of cognition are not related to earnings. In line with studies for other countries, we find that ability and education are inseparable determinants of earnings.
    Description: This is an author's accepted manuscript of an article published in Applied Economics Letters 17 (2010), 7, pp 699-702, available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13504850802297855
    Keywords: J24 ; J31 ; I21 ; ddc:330 ; Cognitive abilities ; earnings regressions ; returns to education ; ability bias ; Bildungsniveau ; Lohndifferenzierung ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Complementing prior research on income and educational mobility, we examine the intergenerational transmission of cognitive abilities. We find that individuals’ cognitive skills are positively related to their parents’ abilities, despite controlling for educational attainment and family background. Differentiating between mothers’ and fathers’ IQ transmission, we find different effects on the cognition of sons and daughters. Cognitive skills that are based on past learning are more strongly transmitted between generations than skills that are related to innate abilities. Our findings are not compatible with a pure genetic model but rather point to the importance of parental investments for children’s cognitive outcomes.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00148-009-0298-8
    Keywords: J10 ; J24 ; I20 ; ddc:330 ; Cognitive abilities ; Intergenerational IQ transmission ; Skill formation ; Bildungsverhalten ; Panel ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: We provide the first joint evidence on the relationship between individuals' cognitive abilities, their personality and earnings for Germany. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, we employ scores from an ultra-short IQ-test and a set of measures of personality traits, namely locus of control, reciprocity and all basic items from the Five Factor Personality Inventory. Our estimates suggest a positive effect of so-called fluid intelligence or speed of cognition on males' wages only. Findings for personality traits are more heterogeneous. However, there is a robust wage penalty for an external locus of control for both men and women.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Labour Economics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Labour Economics 17 (2010), 3, pp. 535-546 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2009.06.001.
    Keywords: J24 ; J31 ; I21 ; ddc:330 ; Cognitive abilities ; Personality traits ; Five Factor Model ; Locus of control ; Reciprocity ; Wages ; Lohnniveau ; Persönlichkeitspsychologie ; Panel ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Economic research on the determinants of gender differences in economic outcomes particularly in income and consumption is well established. Extending these investigations to other outcomes such as wealth up till now has been limited due to lack of individual-level data. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) we find a significant ‘raw’ gender wealth gap of 50,000€ for married partners. Decomposition analyses reveal that the gap is largely driven by differences in characteristics between men and women (observables), particularly by individual’s own income and labour market experience. This is especially true at the bottom and at the top of the wealth distribution, which we show using semi-parametric decomposition techniques. Differences in the lower half of the distribution are mostly driven by the wealth function, i.e., the way in which women transform their characteristics into wealth.
    Description: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in the journal "Oxford Economic Papers" following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Examining the Gender Wealth Gap / Eva M. Sierminska, Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka. In: Oxford Economic Papers 62(2010) Heft 4 ; S. 669-690 is available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oep/gpq007
    Keywords: D13 ; D31 ; D69 ; I31 ; ddc:330 ; Wealth gap ; Wealth inequality ; Gender ; SOEP ; Familienökonomik ; Privater Haushalt ; Panel ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Abingdon: Taylor & Francis | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Empirical studies on the earnings effects of tobacco use have found significant wage penalties attached to smoking. This article produces evidence that suggests that these estimates are significantly upward biased. The bias arises from a general failure in the literature to control for past smoking behaviour of individuals. Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) regressions show that the smoking wage penalty is reduced by as much as a third, if past smoking of individuals is controlled for.
    Description: This is an electronic version of an article published in Applied Economics Letters 17 (2010), 6, pp. 561-564, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13504850802260846
    Keywords: J31 ; I19 ; C51 ; ddc:330 ; Smoking ; Wages ; Earnings ; Regressions ; Rauchen ; Lohn ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: In response to increasing health expenditures and a high number of physician visits, the German government introduced a copayment for ambulatory care in 2004 for individuals with statutory health insurance (SHI). Because persons with private insurance were exempt from the copayments, this health-care reform can be regarded as a natural experiment. We used a difference-in-difference approach to examine whether the new copayment effectively reduced the overall demand for physician visits and to explore whether it acted as a deterrent to vulnerable groups, such as those with low income or chronic conditions. We found that there was no significant reduction in the number of physician visits among SHI members compared to our control group. At the same time, we did not observe a deterrent effect among vulnerable individuals. Thus, the copayment has failed to reduce the demand for physician visits. It is likely that this result is due to the design of the copayment scheme, as the copayment is low and is paid only for the first physician visit per quarter.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10198-009-0179-9
    Keywords: C13 ; I18 ; L31 ; ddc:330 ; Copayments ; Ambulatory care ; Difference-in-difference ; Count data ; Hurdle model ; Gesetzliche Krankenversicherung ; Gesundheitskosten ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Although sample selection bias is a frequent problem of applied research, there has been no generalization of sample selection models with binary dependent variables of interest to data with temporal error correlations. We suggest a generalized estimating equation approach to panel data selection models, considering binary responses in both equations. We demonstrate the utility of this model by a simulation study and by analyzing highly unbalanced annual panel data taken from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study covering two decades of Green party support.
    Description: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in "Political Analysis" following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version A Selection Model for Panel Data / Martin Spieß, Martin Kroh. In: Political Analysis 18 (2010), 2, pp. 172-188 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pan/mpp045.
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; Stichprobenerhebung ; Panel ; Partei ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Description: Raising children demands a considerable amount of parental time, obliging working parents either to reduce their leisure time further or to buy childcare services in the market. Parents may face additional opportunity costs upon deciding to participate in the labor market, but these are difficult to measure. Using a survey instrument in Belgium and Germany, we estimate the income compensation needed to maintain family well-being when adults work versus when they do not enter the labor market. In both countries we find that full-time working parents face extra child costs and require higher labor market participation compensation compared with childless adults.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Privater Haushalt ; Haushaltseinkommen ; Familie ; Lebensstandard ; Kinder ; Kinderbetreuung ; Schätzung ; Belgien ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: Zur Jahresmitte 2009 hat sich die Konjunktur in Deutschland annähernd stabilisiert. Einige Indikatoren deuten darauf hin, dass die gesamtwirtschaftliche Produktion nach dem Einbruch im Winterhalbjahr 2008/09 zuletzt nur noch wenig zurückgegangen ist. Gleichwohl ist die Rezession keineswegs überwunden. Für das Jahr 2009 insgesamt hat sich die Ausgangsbasis gegenüber unserer Prognose vom März erheblich verschlechtert. Das Produktionsniveau ist im ersten Quartal spürbar niedriger als damals unterstellt. Vor allem deshalb haben wir unsere Prognose nochmals nach unten revidiert: Das reale Bruttoinlandsprodukt dürfte im laufenden Jahr um 6,0 Prozent sinken (Prognose vom März 2009: –3,7 Prozent). Für das kommende Jahr erwarten wir einen nur sehr moderaten Anstieg um 0,4 Prozent (März 2009: –0,1 Prozent).
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: Die Konjunktur in Deutschland hat sich stabilisiert. Die Produktion im zweiten Quartal 2009 verlief überraschend positiv. Im dritten Quartal dürfte sie deutlich angezogen haben. Alles in allem revidieren wir unsere Prognose für das Jahr 2009 nach oben. Wir rechnen nun mit einem Rückgang des realen Bruttoinlandsprodukts um 4,9 Prozent (Prognose vom Juni: - 6,0 Prozent). Für das Jahr 2010 erwarten wir nun einen Anstieg der Produktion um 1 Prozent (Juni: 0,4 Prozent). Die Lage auf dem Arbeitsmarkt wird sich weiter eintrüben, doch bleibt der Anstieg der Arbeitslosigkeit vergleichsweise moderat. Bis zum Ende des Jahres 2010 wird die Arbeitslosigkeit auf 4,2 Mill. Personen steigen.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Arbeitsmarkt ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: Die Weltkonjunktur ist zum Ende des vergangenen Jahres deutlich stärker eingebrochen als von uns erwartet. Die Rezession in Deutschland wird erheblich tiefer ausfallen als im Dezember angenommen. Wir revidieren unsere Prognose für den Rückgang des realen Bruttoinlandsprodukts im Jahr 2009 von 2,7 auf 3,7 Prozent. Eine Stabilisierung der Produktion erwarten wir erst für das Frühjahr 2010. Im Jahresdurchschnitt dürfte das Bruttoinlandsprodukt nächstes Jahr um 0,1 Prozent sinken (bisherige Prognose: +0,3 Prozent).
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Weltkonjunktur ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: The German scheme of creating national SPV-loopholes for structured assets is a relatively expensive way to 'buy time' for troubled banks and runs counter to the task of a more uniform and transparent international regulatory framework. It also does not provide a major incentive for a recapitalisation of banks, as the expected advantage of the envisaged new class of preferential shares over existing regular shares tends to be at best small.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bad Bank ; Bankenpolitik ; Bankenkrise ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: The weakness of credit growth in the United States and Europe has given rise to concerns that the financial crisis has led to a credit crunch which has deepened the recession in the real economy and poses a serious threat to the recovery that seems to have started in the most recent months. In this contribution we find that so far the development of credit aggregates and interest rates for loans does not provide strong evidence for a supply restraint that goes beyond what could be expected given the deterioration of the quality of borrowers against the background of the exceptionally severe economic downturn. Still, the behaviour of interest rate spreads in the United States does indicate that the effectiveness of monetary policy is reduced for the time being as a result of distress in the financial sector, and we see some risks that inappropriate bank capitalization may restrain credit growth and threaten the current recovery, especially in Germany where core capital is low by international standards. Policy measures to avoid a credit crunch should focus on preventing undercapitalization of banks from becoming a serious limitation to credit growth.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Kreditmarkt ; Kreditrationierung ; Zinsstruktur ; Bankenpolitik ; Eigenkapital ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Einkommensungleichheit und relative Einkommensarmut dominieren seit langem die sozialpolitische Diskussion in Deutschland, während – auch aus Gründen eingeschränkter Datenverfügbarkeit – die personelle Vermögensverteilung vergleichsweise unzureichend erforscht ist. Der vorliegende Beitrag nutzt Mikrodaten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) und stützt sich dabei auf individuelle Angaben zum Geld- und Sachvermögen der Jahre 2002 und 2007. Innerhalb dieses 5-Jahreszeitraums hat die Konzentration der Vermögen ebenso wie die der Einkommen deutlich zugenommen. Detaillierte Sozialstrukturanalysen belegen neben signifikanten Unterschieden in der Vermögensausstattung nach Migrationshintergrund, Bildung, Region und Einkommenslage eine ausgeprägte Lebenslaufabhängigkeit. Diese Querschnittsdimension wird auf Basis der Längsschnittdaten des SOEP erweitert um multivariate Regressionsanalysen, die neben der Relevanz des individuellen Erwerbs- und Einkommensverlaufs für den Vermögensaufbau auch die nachhaltige Bedeutung intergenerationaler Transmissionsmechanismen (insbesondere Erbschaften) für die individuelle Vermögensakkumulation und -mobilität belegen.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11609-009-0112-1
    Description: For a long time, the social policy discussion in Germany has been heavily dominated by income inequality and poverty risk rates, while at the same time the analysis of personal wealth distribution was underdeveloped, last but not least due to a severe lack of appropriate data. Using representative micro data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), this paper analyzes individual level information on net wealth for 2002 and 2007. This five year period saw a pronounced increase in both income and wealth inequality. More detailed analyses by SES reveal significant differences in wealth holdings by migration status, education level, region, income level as well as across age groups. This cross-sectional perspective is being enriched by panel analyses focusing on correlates of individual wealth holdings as well as on determinants of wealth mobility. Using a multivariate regression framework we find clear indication for the relevance of the individual employment and income career as well as a sustaining importance of intergenerational transmission (by means of bestowals and inheritance) for both wealth accumulation and mobility.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Vermögensungleichheit ; Vermögensmobilität ; Vermögensakkumulation ; SOEP ; Wealth inequality ; Wealth mobility ; Wealth accumulation ; SOEP ; Inégalités de patrimoine ; Mobilité du patrimoine ; Accumulation du patrimoine ; SOEP ; Vermögensverteilung ; Vermögen ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The positive association between moderate alcohol consumption and wages is well documented in the economic literature. Positive health effects as well as networking mechanisms serve as explanations for the “alcohol–income puzzle.” Using individual-based microdata from the SOEP for 2006, we confirm that this relationship exists for Germany as well. More importantly, we shed light on the alcohol–income puzzle by analyzing, for the first time, the association between beverage-specific drinking behavior and wages. In our analysis, we disentangle the general wage effect of drinking into diverse effects for different types of drinkers. Mincerian estimates reveal significant and positive relationships between wine drinkers and wages as well as between multiple beverage drinkers and wages. When splitting the sample into age groups, the “drinking gain” disappears for employees under the age of 35 and increases in size and significance for higher age groups. We also find a “beer gain” for the oldest age group and male residents of rural areas as well as a “cocktail gain” for residents of urban areas. Several explanations for our empirical results are discussed in view of the likelihood that the alcohol–income puzzle is a multicausal phenomenon.
    Description: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12122-009-9064-7
    Keywords: I10 ; I12 ; J31 ; J30 ; ddc:330 ; Alcohol–income puzzle ; Beverage-specific drinking behavior ; Wages ; Wine ; Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) ; Alkoholkonsum ; Lohnstatistik ; Panel ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Using a research design that traces siblings' preferences for postmaterialist values in Germany over two decades, this article provides new evidence on the origins of value preferences. Focusing on Inglehart's thesis of value change, the combined socialisation and scarcity hypothesis is tested against the social learning hypothesis – a prominent rival account of preadult value preference formation. Sibling estimates show that the shared preadult environment does indeed exert lasting effects on preferences for postmaterialist policies. In addition to the weak effect of the shared experience of socioeconomic scarcity, it is found that the intergenerational transmission of postmaterialism, disregarded by Inglehart's original thesis, plays a significant role in value preference acquisition. The implications of individual-level findings for forecasts of aggregate-level trends in value change are discussed.
    Description: The definitive version is available at http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/ejpr or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.00843.x
    Keywords: Z13 ; D72 ; C23 ; C25 ; ddc:330 ; Familie ; Ethik ; Panel ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Berlin, Heidelberg: VS-Verlag | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: In Deutschland stehen für Fragen der empirischen Bildungsforschung bislang überwiegend Querschnittserhebungen zur Verfügung, die ergänzt werden durch länderspezifische bzw. gruppenspezifische Längsschnitterhebungen. Zudem sind diese in der Regel auf einzelne Übergänge im Bildungssystem fokussiert. Die Herausforderung einer lebensverlaufstheoretischen Bildungsforschung liegt jedoch in der Analyse von Bildungs- und Kompetenzentwicklungen über den gesamten Lebensverlauf hinweg und zwar in Abhängigkeit von institutionellen und lebensweltlichen Kontexten. Dieser Beitrag zeigt die Möglichkeiten auf, die das Sozio-oekonomische Panel (SOEP), eine seit 25 Jahren laufende Haushalts- und Personenbefragung, für die empirische Bildungsforschung bietet. Neben der Erläuterung verfügbarer Bildungsinformationen und methodischer Innovationen des bildungsbezogenen Erhebungsprogramms werden die komparativen Stärken des SOEP dargelegt, die insbesondere in Bildungsanalysen „von der Wiege bis zur Bahre“ und im intergenerationalen und familialen Kontext bestehen.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11618-009-0069-z
    Description: In Germany, the main datasets available for addressing empirical educational research questions are cross-sectional data, which are often supplemented by state-specific or group-specific longitudinal surveys. The latter are usually focused on specific transitions in the educational system. The challenge of an approach to educational research that takes the perspective of life-course theory, however, lies in analyzing educational and competency development across the entire life span and the dependence of these processes on institutional and individual environment contexts. The present paper shows the opportunities that the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), a household and individual survey now running for over 25 years, offers for empirical educational research aimed at confronting such research challenges. In addition to outlining the available educational information and methodological innovations in the SOEP’s education-related survey program, we also describe the survey’s comparative strengths, particularly for educational analyses stretching ‘from the cradle to the grave’ and dealing with intergenerational and familial contexts.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Empirische Bildungsforschung ; Paneldaten ; Bildungsübergänge ; Kompetenzmessung ; Lebensverlauf ; Intergenerationale Zusammenhänge ; Educational transition phases ; Empirical educational research ; Intergenerational links ; Life course ; Measurements of competencies ; Panel data ; Datenbank ; Panel ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: In Deutschland nutzt über die Hälfte aller Kinder unter sechs Jahren informelle Förderangebote, wie z.B. ElternKind-Gruppen, Kinderturnen oder frühkindliche Musik-und Kunsterziehung. Basierend auf den repräsentativen Mikrodaten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) untersucht der vorliegende Beitrag, welche Faktoren die Inanspruchnahme informeller Förderangebote bei Kindern im Vorschulalter in Ost- und Westdeutschland beeinflussen. Unsere Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Kinder aus westdeutschen Haushalten mit höherem Einkommen und höherem mütterlichen Bildungsniveau eher informelle Förderangebote nutzen. Bei Kindern im Alter von 3–5 Jahren haben informelle Förderangebote eher einen komplementären Charakter, d.h., sie ergänzen den Besuch einer Kindertageseinrichtung. Die Analysen weisen ferner auf einen statistisch signifikanten Zusammenhang zwischen der Nutzung informeller Förderangebote und dem adaptiven Verhalten von Kindern hin: Kinder, die turnen oder schwimmen, weisen ceteris paribus höhere Entwicklungsmaße auf als Kinder, die keine sportliche Frühförderung erfahren. Unsere Untersuchung leistet damit einen ersten Beitrag für die multivariate Analyse der Inanspruchnahme von informellen Bildungsangeboten ab dem ersten Lebensjahr bis zum Schuleintritt.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-91452-7_3
    Description: The attendance of informal early education activities - an empirical analysis. More than half of the children in Germany under the age of six attend some sort of informal early education activities other than formal early education in daycare centers or family daycare. Among these activities are parent-child-playgroups, sport programs for children or early music or art education. Using representative micro-level data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) our study analyses factors which are correlated with the use of informal education activities by families in East and West Germany. Our results show that children in West German households with a high income and higher maternal education use such activities more often. For pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years informal education activities are complementary to the attendance of daycare centers. Moreover, our analyses show a significant relationship between the use of such activities and the adaptive behavior of children. Children who attend sport programs score higher in early development scales compared to children who do not participate in early sports. Thus, our study contributes to the literature providing an empirical analysis of informal activities for children from birth until school entry.
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; frühe Kindheit ; informelle Förderangebote ; Mikrodaten ; Nutzung frühkindlicher Förderangebote ; Kinderbetreuung ; Kinder ; Bildung ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: Die deutsche Wirtschaft bekommt die Auswirkungen der krisenhaften Entwicklungen im Rest der Welt zu spüren. Sowohl die Daten für Nachfrage und Produktion als auch wichtige Stimmungsindikatoren weisen deutlich nach unten. Zwar dürfte die Konjunktur in Deutschland weniger stark an Schwung einbüßen als in manchen anderen großen Ländern, wo die wirtschaftlichen Übersteigerungen in den vergangenen Jahren ausgeprägter waren. Ein leichter Rückgang der Produktion in den kommenden Monaten ist gleichwohl wahrscheinlich. Wir revidieren unsere Prognose für den Anstieg des realen Bruttoinlandsprodukts im laufenden Jahr von 2,1 Prozent auf 1,9 Prozent. Für das Jahr 2009 erwarten wir eine Zunahme um nur noch 0,2 Prozent (Juni: 1,0 Prozent).
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Description: Die deutsche Wirtschaft ist mit viel Schwung in das Jahr 2008 gestartet, bedingt allerdings nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von Sonderfaktoren. Im weiteren Jahresverlauf wird sich die Konjunktur merklich abkühlen, da die Impulse aus dem Ausland nachlassen, die Investitionsdynamik geringer wird und die Verbraucher sich nach dem Schub bei den Energiekosten mit Käufen zurückhalten. Auch der Aufschwung am Arbeitsmarkt geht zu Ende. Mit der leichten Belebung der Weltkonjunktur im nächsten Jahr dürfte sich die Konjunktur in Deutschland wieder etwas erholen. Wir revidieren unsere Prognose für den Anstieg des realen Bruttoinlandsprodukts im Jahr 2008 von 1,9 auf 2,1 Prozent und senken die Prognose für das Jahr 2009 von 1,2 auf 1,0 Prozent.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Antizyklische Finanzpolitik ; Kritik ; Wachstumspolitik ; Arbeitsmarktflexibilisierung ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Deutschland ; Weltkonjunktur ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Baupreis ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Unternehmensbesteuerung ; Steuerreform ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Lohn ; Konjunktur ; Arbeitsmarktflexibilisierung ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    München: Ifo-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-10-10
    Description: In jüngster Zeit wurde eine Vielzahl von Kombilohnvorschlägen zur Bekämpfung der Arbeitslosigkeit gemacht (vgl. z.B. Sinn et al. 2006; Sachverständigenrat 2006). Diese sollen Abhilfe bei der persistenten Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit und den hohen Arbeitslosenraten bei Niedrigqualifizierten schaffen. In einer Studie analysieren wir die Auswirkungen verschiedener Kombilohnmaßnahmen auf die Beschäftigung, die Einkommensverteilung und den Staatshaushalt in Deutschland (vgl. Brown, Merkl und Snower 2006). Die Studie kommt zum Ergebnis, dass die üblicherweise diskutierten Kombilohnmodelle (dauerhafte Lohnsubventionen für Niedrigverdiener) weder ein effektives Instrument zur Schaffung von Beschäftigung in Deutschland noch das beste Instrument zur Bekämpfung der Einkommensungleichheit sind. Einstellungsgutscheine (befristete Lohnsubventionen für Neueinstellungen) für Langzeitarbeitslose oder niedrig qualifizierte Arbeitnehmer sind weitaus wirkungsvoller. Das schlechtere Abschneiden von Kombilöhnen ist auf wesentlich höhere Mitnahmeeffekte und höhere Lohnforderungen (Lohneffekte) zurückzuführen. Die gegen Einstellungsgutscheine häufig vorgebrachten Drehtüreffekte stellen hingegen kein großes makroökonomisches Problem dar, denn hier überwiegen die positiven Klebeeffekte.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Niedriglohn ; Lohnsubvention ; Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit ; Wirtschaftspolitische Wirkungsanalyse ; Beschäftigungseffekt ; Beschäftigungspolitik ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturprognose ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The German and Australian longitudinal surveys analysed here are the first national representative surveys to show that (1) people who continuously own a pet are the healthiest group and (2) people who cease to have a pet or never had one are less healthy. Most previous studies which have claimed that pets confer health benefits were cross-sectional. So they were open to the objection that owners may have been healthier in the first place, rather than becoming healthier due to owning a pet. In both countries the data show that pet owners make about 15% fewer annual doctor visits than non-owners. The relationship remains statistically significant after controlling for gender, age, marital status, income and other variables associated with health. The German data come from the German Socio-Economic Panel in which respondents have been interviewed every year since 1984 (N = 9723). Australian data come from the Australian National Social Science Survey 2001 (N = 1246).
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-005-5072-z
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; doctor visits ; health ; panel surveys ; pet owners ; Gesundheit ; Gesundheitskosten ; Panel ; Deutschland ; Australien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Gesundheitsreform ; Gesetzliche Krankenversicherung ; Gesundheitswesen ; Wettbewerb ; Wirtschaftspolitische Wirkungsanalyse ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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    Berlin: Duncker & Humblot | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Description: The paper raises the proposition that Central Europe?s integration into the international division of labour has added significantly to competitive pressure in the German automobile industry. Based on production and trade data, we trace two dimensions of competitive pressure: relocation of assembly operations and offshoring of automotive parts production. The knowledge-capital model of multinational enterprises provides the analytical basis for the discussion of labour market repercussions. Vertical foreign direct investment in Central Europe may have helped the relatively favourable employment and earnings record of the German automobile industry, compared to other manufacturing industries. Yet recent industrial disputes can be attributed, though not exclusively, to the emergence of Central Europe as an attractive location for assembly operations and autoparts production. Employment and wages diverged considerably within the German automobile industry. Relative to skilled workers, the labour market situation of less skilled workers deteriorated significantly.
    Keywords: L62 ; F23 ; F14 ; ddc:330 ; vertical FDI ; trade in intermediates ; relative wages ; employment ; Direktinvestition ; Kraftfahrzeugindustrie ; Auslandsproduktion ; Deutsch ; Kraftfahrzeugzulieferer ; Offshoring ; Lieferanten-Kunden-Beziehung ; Lohnstruktur ; Qualifikation ; Deutschland ; Osteuropa
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject