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  • Amsterdam: Elsevier  (194)
  • Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department  (21)
  • Spanish  (215)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: This paper offers a review of the theory published on crowdsourcing tools from de point of view of the concept's adoption by researchers. Crowdsourcing is a concept that includes many of the online collaboration activities performed by crowds in response to an open call. The paper offers a perspective on the incremental amount of publications already available as an indicator of the level of such adoption, given that the adoption process in general takes time because there has to be a critical mass of ideas conformed by experts. This paper includes a review on the theoretical concepts related to crowdsourcing and technological adoption. Systematic search has been done and the obtained information is included. Finally some conclusions are delivered.
    Keywords: O32 ; O33 ; ddc:650 ; Crowdsourcing ; Social media ; Technological adoption ; Open innovation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency, using data envelopment analysis, in eurobond issues fixed rate in the period 2004-2012, assessing the impact of the financial crisis in that market. Following the development of a database consisting of 1,999 Eurobonds, the results show that in the years before the crisis starts the efficient issues volume was bigger, being the inefficient ones very close to the border. From 2007, we can see a drastic change in the market conditions, detecting a departure substantial and widespread production frontier.
    Keywords: G14 ; G15 ; ddc:650 ; Eurobonds ; Efficiency ; Economic crisis and spread
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: Economists have traditionally been interest in analyzing economic growth enhancing factors. Entrepreneurship is one of factors considered by economists. However, in this analysis is also necessary to be considered how economic progress and distributive justice are affected. Usually economic growth and progress have been considered as synonymous, but following Holcombe (2007) it is possible to distinguish them since the former is related to the amount of product while economic progress is related to the quality of the product. This is important because some of the economic policy measures designed to promote economic growth can generate problems, for example, inequality. These problems could be solved, for example through a "compensation principle" to avoid that distributive justice and progress will be harmed. The aim of this article is to analyze these issues. We will begin considering the relationship between economic growth and progress in order to focus on the aspects of distributive justice and to design some economic policy measures to enhance economic growth and progress.
    Keywords: E62 ; O40 ; ddc:650 ; Growth ; Progress ; Entrepreneurship ; Distributive justice ; Compensation principle
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: Integrated reporting (IR) is one of the latest innovations regarding sustainability reporting and non-financial information in the world. Although some companies began IR practices in the 2000s (Eccles & Krzus, 2010), IR has only been recognized since 2010 as the best way to get a complete picture of the value of organizations, overcoming the limitations of traditional reports (Eccles & Krzus, 2010; Jensen & Berg, 2012; Abeysekera, 2013).Our research aims to analyze this innovative reporting trend. To do this, we first review some practices in the annual reports published by the pioneering companies in IR, then, we present the antecedents for the current IR framework. Finally we look into the process that the International Integrated Reporting Council has followed to develop the framework, pointing out some milestones for the widespread adoption of integrated reporting.Our findings suggest that reporting practices have been ahead both from theoretical developments and institutional efforts. However, private regulators continue to have a major influence on the theoretical definition of standards that are intended to guide IR and the development of accountability practices to stakeholders.
    Keywords: M14 ; M40 ; ddc:650 ; Integrated reporting ; Reporting ; Financial and non-financial information ; First integrated reporting practices ; International Integrated Reporting Council pilot programme ; The International Integrated Reporting Framework
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: El objetivo es analizar la orientación motivacional que impulsa al empresario a la internacionalización y sus preferencias informativas. Los empresarios, en función de su orientación, se clasifican en promoción y prevención. Los primeros desarrollan la internacionalización guiados por una motivación endógena, mientras que los segundos desarrollan la internacionalización empujados por las presiones competitivas. Además, la tendencia motivacional condiciona la atención que dedica a los estímulos informativos recibidos. El análisis empírico se realiza en el sector español de piedra natural, tanto a nivel nacional como regional. Los resultados reflejan que la orientación mayoritaria es la promoción y la atención del empresario difiere significativamente entre los distintos tipos de información considerada. Además se aprecian diferencias en la atención informativa de los empresarios con distinta orientación motivacional. A nivel regional, los empresarios de las distintas comunidades dirigen su atención a estímulos informativos diferentes, en unas ocasiones a mercados y en otras a barreras.
    Description: This study focuses on an analysis of motivation by entrepreneurs as regards international expansion, and how their motivation impacts their informational preference. Entrepreneurs may be grouped according to their motivational orientation: promotion and prevention. Promotion entrepreneurs approach internationalization spurred on by an inherent motivation, whereas Prevention entrepreneurs engage in internationalization driven by the requirements of the competitive environment. Motivational orientation thus shapes the interests of the entrepreneurs. This study is carried out based on a regional analysis of the Spanish natural stone industry. The findings indicate that exploiting international opportunities is more closely linked to the personal motivation of the entrepreneurs (focus promotion) than to the demands of the competitive environment (focus prevention). With regard to informational concerns, the entrepreneurs consulted showed a clear preference for information related to support programmes, followed by issues linked to knowledge of markets. Nevertheless, entrepreneurs show different orientations and display quite differing informational concerns, especially in these regions leading the internationalization of industry.
    Keywords: M16 ; ddc:650 ; Internacionalización ; Motivación promoción ; Motivación prevención ; Atención informativa ; Internationalization ; Promotion of motivation ; Prevention motivation ; Attention
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Es innegable la importancia que el trabajo en equipo tiene como capacidad transversal en los nuevos planes de estudio universitarios. Por ello, es importante conocer qué es el aprendizaje cooperativo y su eficiencia sobre los equipos de estudiantes que lo utilizan. El objetivo de este artículo consiste en operacionalizar el concepto de aprendizaje cooperativo y estudiar sus consecuencias sobre el aprendizaje individual de los miembros de un equipo y el rendimiento global obtenido por el mismo. Se utilizan los modelos de ecuaciones estructurales sobre una muestra de 319 alumnos en una asignatura de marketing en una universidad pública española. Los resultados obtenidos señalan que el aprendizaje cooperativo mejora el aprendizaje de la asignatura en la que se aplica y el rendimiento del equipo, por lo que abogamos por que se favorezca su uso en las aulas y proponemos nuevas líneas de investigación para completar nuestro conocimiento sobre el aprendizaje cooperativo.
    Description: The importance of teamwork as a core capacity in the new university curricula is beyond all doubt. It is therefore crucial to know what cooperative learning is and how efficient it is for teams of students that use it. Thus, the aim of this paper is to operationalise the concept of cooperative learning and to study its consequences on both the individual learning of the members of a team and on the overall performance achieved by the team as a whole. Structural equation models were used on a sample of 319 students in a marketing subject at a Spanish public university. The results obtained show that students learn better in subjects in which cooperative learning is applied, and the team’s performance also improves. We therefore fully endorse fostering its use in the classroom. Lastly, several new lines of research are proposed to complete current knowledge about cooperative learning
    Keywords: M30 ; A22 ; ddc:650 ; Aprendizaje cooperativo ; Educación universitaria ; Rendimiento académico ; Marketing ; Modelos de ecuaciones estructurales ; Cooperative learning ; Higher education ; Academic achievement ; Marketing ; Structural Equations Models
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: El proceso de venta del Banco de Valencia gestionado por el FROB duró 10 días. La venta se adjudicó a CaixaBank por un euro después de recibir 5.500 millones de fondos públicos. El informe de Oliver Wyman de 2012 motivó dicha reanudación. En él se estimaban unas necesidades de 1.846 millones en el escenario base, escenario que ha sido peor que el real. Este trabajo analiza el valor del BdV. Los resultados indican que el valor mínimo del BdV para CaixaBank es de más de 4.000 millones de euros. Sin embargo, no se ha podido determinar el porqué de esta diferencia. Diferencia reconocida en las cuentas de CaixaBank. Sin embargo, el precio pagado, un euro, después de un sacrificio muy importante de fondos públicos en una etapa de disminución del gasto y de prestaciones sociales es una cuestión que debería ser investigada.
    Description: The process of sale of BdV managed by the FROB lasted 10 days. The sale was awarded to CaixaBank for one euro after receiving 5,500 million euros of public funds. The Oliver Wyman report, published days before, drove this resumption. The needs that were estimated at Oliver Wyman report were 1,846 million euros in the baseline scenario, a scenario that has been worse than real. This paper analyzes the value of BdV. The results indicate that the minimum value of BdV for CaixaBank is over 4,000 million. However, this study could not determine why this difference. Difference recognized in the accounts of CaixaBank. However, the price paid, one euro, after a major sacrifice of public funds at a time of declining expenditures and social benefits is an issue that should be investigated.
    Keywords: G12 ; G21 ; G34 ; ddc:650 ; Valoración de empresas ; Banco de Valencia ; CaixaBank ; Company valuation ; Banco de Valencia ; CaixaBank
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: In this paper, our research question that could analyze how efficiency in Swedish financial enterprises has changed since the banking crisis in 1993. We estimate the time-invariant and time-variant efficiencies of Swedish financial enterprises with four different estimators. These estimators are the Pooled Model (Aigner et al., 1977), the fixed effects model (Schmidt & Sickles, 1984), the random effects model (Battese & Coelli, 1995) and the TRUE fixed effects model (Greene, 2005) efficiency estimators. We predict cost function by employing panel stochastic frontier approach. These allow us to construct cost efficiency.
    Description: En este documento se analiza el modo en que ha cambiado la eficiencia en las entidades financieras suecas desde la crisis bancaria de 1993. Calculamos las eficiencias variables e invariables en el tiempo de las entidades financieras suecas desde 1996 a 2011, utilizando tres diferentes estimadores. Dichos estimadores de la eficiencia son: el Modelo Agregado -Pooled Model- (Aigner et al., 1977), el modelo de efectosfijos (Schmidt y Sickles, 1984) y elmodelo de efectos aleatorios (Battese y Coelli, 1992). Predecimos la función de costes utilizando el enfoque de frontera estocástica del panel. Esto nos permite construir la eficiencia de costes. Seguidamente, nuestra segunda cuestión de estudio asume qué bancos de accionistas muestran más eficacia que las bancas mutualistas (Shen y Chen, 2009). Calculamos las puntuaciones de la eficiencia de los bancos suecos desde 1996 a 2011. Esta medición se basa en los estimadores de la eficiencia del modelo de efectos fijos. Predecimos la función de costes utilizando el enfoque de frontera estocástica del panel. Esto nos permite construir la eficiencia de costes.
    Keywords: C13 ; C16 ; C23 ; ddc:650 ; Efficiency ; Cost function ; Banking ; Sweden ; Eficiencia ; Función de costes ; Banca ; Suecia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Se ha desarrollado una escala para medir la fidelidad de los consumidores hacia las tiendas. Se analizó su validez de contenido mediante 2 muestras de jueces expertos y consumidores. La escala depurada se aplicó a una muestra de 221 consumidores. El análisis factorial exploratorio muestra que los ítems se estructuran en 3 dimensiones: «Manifestaciones de lealtad», «Fidelidad actitudinal» y «Propensión a ser leal». El estudio de validez referida a criterio mostró una relación significativa y positiva entre las puntuaciones en fidelidad y las dimensiones de personalidad. Concretamente, la dimensión de personalidad «Tienda excitante» es la que presenta un efecto más fuerte sobre la lealtad hacia la tienda (medida como fidelidad conductual, intenciones de volver a comprar y recomendaciones boca-oído). La dimensión de personalidad «Tienda competente» es la que presentó un mayor impacto sobre la fidelidad medida como «Fidelidad actitudinal».
    Description: A scale has been developed to measure consumer loyalty to stores. Its content validity was analysed by two samples of expert judges and consumers. The refined scale was applied to a sample of 221 consumers. The factorial analysis showed that items are structured in 3 domains: «Manifestations of loyalty», «Attitudinal loyalty» and «Propensity to be loyal». The validity criteria showed a significant and positive relationship between scores on loyalty and personality dimensions. Specifically, the dimension of personality «Exciting store» showed a stronger effect on store loyalty (measured as behavioural loyalty, word of mouth recommendations and repurchase intentions). The dimension of personality «Competent store» presented a greater impact on loyalty, measured as «Attitudinal loyalty».
    Keywords: M31 ; ddc:650 ; Desarrollo de una escala ; Fidelidad del consumidor ; Personalidad de las tiendas ; Scale development ; Loyalty customer ; Store personality
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Este trabajo estudia los efectos de la situación económica sobre el crédito comercial en las pequeñas y medianas empresas. Para lograr este objetivo, se analiza una muestra de pymes españolas durante los años 2004 a 2011, periodo que incluye una etapa de expansión y otra de recesión, utilizando la metodología de datos de panel. Los resultados muestran que el ciclo económico afecta de manera significativa al crédito comercial recibido y concedido, produciéndose un aumento en la etapa de bonanza económica y una contracción durante la crisis. Además, son las empresas más vulnerables financieramente las que durante la crisis, por un lado, tienen más dificultades para conseguir financiación vía crédito comercial, pero al mismo tiempo más incrementan su crédito a clientes. Por último, aquellas firmas con mayor capacidad de generar recursos conceden más crédito a sus clientes.
    Description: The objective of this work is to study the effects of the economic situation on trade credit received and granted, in small and medium-sized enterprises. To this end, using the panel data methodology, we analyse a sample of Spanish SMEs during the years 2004-2011: a period that includes two phases, one of expansion and another of recession. The results show that the economic cycle significantly affects trade credit received and granted, which both increase in the period of economic boom, and contract during a period of crisis. In addition, constrained firms receive less credit from suppliers during the crisis, while their accounts receivables increase. Finally, those firms with greater capacity to generate internal resources grant more credit to their customers.
    Keywords: G32 ; ddc:650 ; Crédito comercial ; Pyme ; Ciclo económico ; Trade credit ; SMEs ; Economic cycle
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: La globalización actual de los mercados como consecuencia del desarrollo de las tecnologías de la información y comunicación, en general, y de Internet, en particular, ha aumentado la importancia de la cultura del usuario en el comportamiento del consumidor online. Las páginas web son en la actualidad un potente vehículo de comunicación para aquellas empresas que operan en mercados internacionales. En este sentido, el diseño de las mismas afectará de manera importante a la forma en la que los usuarios pertenecientes a diferentes culturas procesan la información que reciben a través de las mismas. El objetivo del presente trabajo es examinar en qué medida el diseño web modera las diferencias culturales existentes entre usuarios a la hora de procesar la información web. Los resultados ponen de manifiesto que un buen diseño web medido en términos funcionales es capaz de reducir, e incluso anular, tales diferencias.
    Description: The actual markets globalization as a result ofinformation and communication technologies development in general and the Internet in particular, have increased the importance of the user culture in online consumer behavior. Web pages are now a powerful communications medium for companies operating in international markets. In this regard, the same design will significantly affect the way in which users from different cultures process information received through it. The aim of this paper is to examine how web design moderates cultural differences among users when processing web information. The results show that a good web design, measured in functional terms, is able to reduce or even eliminate such differences.
    Keywords: M3 ; ddc:650 ; Diseño web ; Análisis croscultural ; Comportamiento del consumidor online ; Usabilidad ; Web design ; Cross-cultural studies ; Online consumer behavior ; Usability
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Este estudio analiza el vínculo entre las autoevaluaciones básicas (AEB), la importancia de la tarea y el compromiso afectivo (CA). El modelo fue contrastado en una muestra de empleados de pymes intensivas en conocimiento en España. Los resultados apoyan un modelo de mediación parcial en el que las AEB influyen en el CA de los empleados, tanto de manera directa como indirecta, al propiciar la percepción de importancia de la tarea.
    Description: This study analyzes relationships between core self-evaluations (CSE), task significance and affective commitment (AC). The model was tested on a sample of employees from knowledge-intensive SMEs in Spain. Results provide support for a partially mediated model whereby CSE influence employees’ AC, both directly as indirectly, by fostering perceptions of task significance.
    Keywords: M12 ; ddc:650 ; Autoevaluaciones básicas ; Importancia de la tarea ; Compromiso afectivo ; Core self-evaluations ; Task significance ; Affective commitment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: La financiación es un factor clave para el emprendimiento, especialmente en periodos de crisis, donde la restricción financiera dificulta más el crédito para nuevos proyectos empresariales de pequeñas y medianas empresas. Las Sociedades de Garantía Recíproca facilitan con su aval el acceso a préstamos a largo plazo. Este trabajo analiza la financiación bancaria del emprendimiento en España a través de las Sociedades de Garantía Recíproca del segmento de microempresas (menos de 10 trabajadores) en el periodo 2003-2012, para determinar si la crisis ha modificado sus necesidades de financiación. El análisis concluye que durante la crisis (2008-2012) ha cambiado la distribución de productos financieros, aumentando el peso de aquellos destinados a necesidades de tesorería, y los efectos son más intensos cuando la empresa tiene menor tamaño y más antigüedad.
    Description: Financing is key to entrepreneurship, especially in crisis period, when financial markets restriction hinders access to funding to small and medium enterprises. The Mutual Guarantee Institution facilitates funding to new businesses through guaranteed long term loans. This paper analyzes banking entrepreneurship financing to micro-enterprises (less than 10 employees) in Spain during the period 2003-2012, but only Mutual Guarantee Institution guaranteed enterprises, to determinate if financing products have changed. The analysis concludes that the financial products distribution has changed during the crisis (2008-2012), it has increased the weight of the products designed to liquidity, and the crisis effects are higher for smaller and older companies.
    Keywords: G01 ; G21 ; L26 ; ddc:650 ; Crisis ; Emprendimiento ; Financiación de pequeñas y medianas empresas ; Sociedad de Garantía Recíproca ; Crisis ; Entrepreneurship ; Small and medium enterprises funding ; Mutual Guarantee Institution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: En el trabajo se analizan los niveles de implantación de sistemas de gestión de la calidad (SGC) en empresas del sur de España y norte de Marruecos, y las motivaciones, beneficios o barreras detectadas. Se ha tomado para ello una muestra de 322 empresas. A diferencia de otros estudios, principalmente orientados a conocer la percepción de las empresas ya certificadas, se ha pretendido además conocer la percepción de las empresas que no disponen de SGC frente al reto de su implantación. Los resultados de este trabajo ponen de relieve la existencia de diferencias entre ambas regiones, como en los niveles de certificación de la calidad, pero también las similitudes, como la consideración de los costes y la falta de tiempo como principales barreras para la implantación, o la mejor estandarización de los procedimientos de trabajo y la calidad de los productos y servicios como principales beneficios.
    Description: This paper analyze the levels of quality management systems (QMS) implementation in companies from southern Spain and northern Morocco, as well as motivations, benefits or barriers identified. It has been taken for a sample of 202 companies in southern Spain and 120 in northern Morocco. Unlike other studies mainly oriented to know the perception of companies with QMS certified, this one has also oriented to the perception of companies without QMS and the challenge of the implementation. The results of this study highlight the differences between the two regions, such as levels of QMS certification, but also the similarities, such as the consideration of the costs and the lack of time as major barriers to implementation, or a better processes standardization and quality of products and services as primary benefits.
    Keywords: M1 ; M19 ; ddc:650 ; Gestión de la calidad ; Sistema de gestión ; ISO 9001 ; Quality management ; Management systems ; ISO 9001
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: A pesar de la importancia atribuida a la innovación y al emprendimiento como factores clave para promover el desarrollo socioeconómico de los países, existe un gran desconocimiento sobre qué instrumentos públicos de innovación son más efectivos para las empresas nuevas. Este estudio analiza las características de las empresas nuevas y cómo los principales instrumentos públicos de innovación responden a ellas. Dichas relaciones se analizan empíricamente en una muestra de 438 empresas nuevas europeas. Los resultados muestran que los préstamos para la financiación de proyectos de innovación, ayudas para la creación de redes, para la provisión de información y para la asistencia a ferias tienen un efecto positivo en la innovación de producto. Sin embargo, instrumentos públicos más tradicionales como son las subvenciones y las reducciones de impuestos no parecen ser efectivos. Este estudio tiene importantes implicaciones teóricas y prácticas para el diseño más eficaz y eficiente de políticas públicas de innovación para las empresas nuevas.
    Description: Despite the recognition of innovation and entrepreneurship as key factors to promote the socio-economic development of countries, little is known regarding the effectiveness and implications of public innovation policies on new ventures’ innovations. This study examines the characteristics of new ventures and how the main public instruments for innovation respond to them. Such relationships are tested empirically in a sample of 438 European new ventures. The results show that favorable loans for financing innovation projects, aids for building innovation networks, the provision of information and attending trade fairs are positively related to the development of product innovations. However, more traditional public instruments such as subsidies and tax reductions do not seem to be effective. This study has important theoretical and practical implications to launch more effective and efficient public policies to foster product innovations in new ventures.
    Keywords: L5 ; M13 ; O31 ; ddc:650 ; Empresas nuevas ; Políticas públicas ; Emprendimiento ; Políticas de innovación ; New ventures ; Public support ; Entrepreneurship ; Innovation policies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Los recursos de naturaleza intangible se han convertido en los principales generadores de valor de manera sostenible en las empresas. En concreto, aquellos que permanecen ocultos en los balances debido a las dificultades que plantea su reconocimiento y medición (es decir, lo que se denomina capital intelectual). Si bien, el suministro por parte de las empresas de información voluntaria sobre estos recursos puede ayudar a reducir las posibles asimetrías de información y mejorar la transparencia informativa entre sus grupos de interés (stakeholders). En este sentido, los informes anuales son los principales medios de divulgación que tienen las empresas para suministrar información voluntaria. Sin embargo, en los últimos años, las memorias de sostenibilidad se han convertido en la principal vía de comunicación como mecanismo para legitimar las actuaciones de las empresas ante sus stakeholders. Así, nuestro objetivo es explorar y analizar el medio de comunicación que están empleando las empresas para suministrar información voluntaria sobre sus recursos intangibles ocultos. Los resultados obtenidos permiten concluir que se ha producido un cambio en la política de información empresarial y las memorias de sostenibilidad se han convertido en el principal soporte para suministrar información voluntaria a los stakeholders, además de ser un buen medio para suministrar información de los recursos intangibles.
    Description: Intangible assets have become the main sustainable value creation of companies. Specifically,those assets which remain hidden in the accounting statement due to the difficulties in identification and measuring (ie what is called intellectual capital). Voluntary information disclosed by companies on these assets can help to reduce symmetries of information and improve information transparency among stakeholders. In this sense, annual reports are the primary tool of information disclosure that companies have for provide voluntary information. In recent years, sustainability reports have become in the main means of communication as a way to legitimize the actions of companies to their stakeholders. Thus, our aim is to explore and analyze the means of communication used by companies to provide voluntary information about their hidden intangible assets. Results obtained indicate that there has been a change in corporate information policy and sustainability reports have become the mainstay to provide information voluntarily to stakeholders as well as being a good way to provide information of intangible resources
    Keywords: M14 ; M19 ; M41 ; ddc:650 ; Intangibles ; Capital intelectual ; Divulgación de información ; Informe anual ; Memoria de sostenibilidad ; Intangibles ; Intellectual capital ; Disclosure ; Annual report ; Sustainability report
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: El trabajo analiza las características de los emprendimientos del sector no estatal cubano en el servicio de alojamiento turístico y sus efectos sobre las valoraciones de los clientes internacionales. Los datos provienen de una muestra aleatoria simple para arrendadores (90 emprendedores) y de un muestreo no probabilístico para 184 clientes internacionales. Para el análisis se utilizó una aproximación descriptiva, el análisis de conglomerados jerárquicos y el análisis de la varianza. Las conclusiones muestran que los arrendadores cubanos no estatales pueden considerarse emprendedores y constituyen una competencia para las instalaciones turísticas estatales. Su mayor intención emprendedora no viene condicionada por sus variables sociodemográficas o culturales, sino por las percepciones de sí mismo como emprendedor y su profesionalidad, que contribuye a la fidelización de los clientes. Ofrecemos información a la gestión empresarial del sector turístico cubano abordando una nueva perspectiva de gestión no estatal que constituye una novedad para la literatura
    Description: This work is to study how the Cuban entrepreneurship in the non-state sector service tourist accommodation and their effects on the valuations of international clients who use them. The data comes from a simple random sample for landlords (90 entrepreneurs) and a non-probability sampling for 184 international customers. A descriptive approach, hierarchical cluster analysis and analysis of variance was used to achieve our goals. The findings show that non-state landlords can be considered Cuban entrepreneurs and constitute a competition for tourist accommodation facilities state. However, most entrepreneurial intention is not conditioned by their sociodemographic and cultural variables, but rather by perceptions of their own as an entrepreneur and professionalism to provide the service, which also is appreciated by customers and contributes to their loyalty. We offer information to business management Cuban tourism sector and a new state management perspective not addressed, constituting a novelty in the research literature
    Keywords: M1 ; ddc:650 ; Emprendedor ; Creación de empresas ; Turismo ; Empresas familiares ; Entrepreneur ; Entrepreneurship ; Tourism ; Family businesses
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Este trabajo examina la relación entre la presencia de la mujer en los equipos de alta dirección y el éxito de las empresas de alta tecnología en su salida a bolsa. Asimismo, analiza cómo indicadores específicos de capacidad de innovación pueden mediar dicha relación. La investigación empírica de una muestra de empresas biotecnológicas que salieron a bolsa en el mercado de valores estadounidense indica un efecto negativo y significativo de la proporción de mujeres en la dirección ejecutiva, aunque confirma la influencia positiva de los indicadores de innovación que además median y hacen no significativo el efecto de la diversidad de género.
    Description: This paper examines the relationship between the representation of women on top management teams and the success of high-technology firms going public. Also, it analyzes how specific indicators of innovation capability can mediate such a relationship. The empirical research of a sample of dedicated biotechnology firms that completed an initial public offering in the stock market of the United States shows a negative and significant effect of the proportion of female executive managers; however, it demonstrates that the indicators of innovation have a positive influence as well as mediate and cause no significant effect of gender diversity.
    Keywords: J16 ; O32 ; L65 ; G30 ; ddc:650 ; Género ; Alta tecnología ; Mercado de valores ; Capacidad de innovación ; Gender ; High technology ; Stock market ; Innovation capability
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Internal marketing orientation (IMO) can be used as a tool for managing employees' knowledge that allows companies to develop a competitive advantage to the extent that generates information, communicates it internally and facilitates to articulate a response to their needs. IMO through proper management of human capital facilitates more effective competition and a more agile response to market demands. This study analyzes the three dimensions that make up IMO and involve knowledge management with regard to gathering intelligence concerning employees' needs, the transmission of these needs and the subsequent response. Then, an empirical research has been carried out to analyze the IMO in Spanish hotels and it had led to the classification of three clearly defined groups. Moreover, the results indicate IMO as a source of competitive advantage as higher levels of job satisfaction and organizational commitment are found in the groups with higher IMO.
    Keywords: M10 ; M31 ; ddc:330 ; Knowledge management ; Internal marketing orientation ; Satisfaction ; Commitment ; Competitive advantages
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This article reports on an online survey conducted with more than 500 Facebook users in Spain and Portugal, in order to identify which are the most important variables on the intention to use this social network to make buying decisions. The results of this study indicate that the intended use of Facebook in purchasing decisions are influenced by their perceived usefulness, social influence and attitude toward Facebook, while the perceived ease of use has no direct influence on these intention. Furthermore, perceived enjoyment could play an essential role, even higher than the perceived usefulness in determining the attitude of the individual towards Facebook as a tool for finding information about the product.
    Keywords: M30 ; M31 ; ddc:330 ; Facebook ; Technology acceptance model ; Social influence ; Perceived usefulness ; Flow model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 21
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The competitive environment is leading companies in every industry to reinforce their focus on innovation-related activities, and especially on knowledge exploration and exploitation. The relevance of these concepts has generated an important literature as well as appropriate measurement scales. The scales proposed by Atuahene-Gima (2005) have been commonly taken as a reference. However, these have been applied more in medium or high-tech industries than in low-tech industries. In this sense, this study aims to validate the scales to measure knowledge exploration and exploitation capabilities in a low-tech industry as the textile industry. The results show that while it is feasible to use these scales in this type of industries, they need to be adjusted to suit their specificities.
    Keywords: L21 ; ddc:330 ; Exploration ; Exploitation ; Textile industry ; Confirmatory factor analysis
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The aim of this work is to describe in detail on the current situation of outsourcing of Information Systems using the results of a survey carried out in the biggest Spanish firms. This is a longitudinal study that covers 12 years, since the current results are contrasted with those of two surveys carried out previously in the same environment and by the same authors. The conclusions point to a preservation of the status quo in the configuration of the outsourcing and to a larger degree of maturity in the characteristics of the contracts.
    Keywords: M10 ; M15 ; M55 ; ddc:330 ; Information systems ; Information technologies ; Outsourcing ; Survey ; Providers
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: In adjustable interest loans the borrower assumes the risk of interest rate rising, which leads to the growth of loan annuities. Given the importance of this risk in both corporate and personal finance, it is a recurrent topic in economic and financial press. In this paper, we show that the duration of a loan with constant annuity and interest rate can be used to assess the sensitivity of payments of an analogous loan with adjustable interest rate. Also, we develop an empirical application on official indexes of the Spanish mortgage market during the period 2009-2013. We find that EURIBOR is the index that causes less volatility in the mortgage annuity. Likewise, we also obtain that the average rate of loans for house purchasing in the euro zone is the index that cause greater volatility in the payments of loans.
    Keywords: D14 ; G12 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Adjustable rate loans ; Postpayable amortization ; Constant annuity loan ; Duration ; Indexes of the Spanish mortgage market
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This article presents a review of the studies on on boards of directors and corporate social responsibility practices in the banking industry. Several characteristics of bank boards, in particular independence and diversity, may impact their CSR commitments. By studying a sample of 159 banks in nine countries during the period 2004-2010, there is evidence that suggests that banks with more independent and diverse directors follow a path of socially responsible behaviour.
    Keywords: G21 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; Corporate governance ; Board of directors ; Corporate social responsibility ; Banks
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The present study advances in the research about identification of entrepreneurial opportunities, by analyzing the moderating effect that social network's size and strength may have on the relationship of prior knowledge and alertness with opportunity identification. We draw on a sample made up of 199 Andalusian entrepreneurs to perform a regression analysis. The results show a negative influence of prior knowledge on the number of identified opportunities, as well as a positive moderating effect of network strength over the relationship between alertness and opportunity identification. Our work can contribute to the entrepreneurship literature, given that we integrate in a model the effects of alertness, prior knowledge and social capital on the study of the opportunity identification phase, by applying a contingent perspective based on the moderating role of certain networks' characteristics.
    Keywords: M19 ; L26 ; ddc:330 ; Opportunity identification ; Prior knowledge ; Entrepreneurial alertness ; Social networks ; Entrepreneurial process
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Is human resource management in local councils useful? In the current crisis, is the expenditure in this area justified? Although investment in human resources management has been widely studied at the private enterprise, research is scarce in the area of Spanish public administration. To fill this gap, this work carried out a study on a sample of 85 Spanish municipalities of more than 20,000 inhabitants. Analysis supports the idea that actually some practices of human resources have positive effect on the results of local corporations. In fact, although there are practices that are very regulated by the public service regulations you can manage more efficiently without colliding with the law in force.
    Keywords: M12 ; M50 ; ddc:330 ; Human resource practices ; Public administration ; Local councils ; Results
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This work has the aim of analyzing the influence of bank and trade debt in the duration of the process of bankruptcy in Spain. To that end, a sample of 567 firms, that fill in bankruptcy between 2004 and 2009, is used. The results show a different behavior between banks and trade creditors, considering the level of their debt and the type of bankruptcy resolution. Thus, whereas the former allow a lengthening of the process, the latter try to reduce it. In addition, those results remain in the sample of firms that liquidate, whereas in the firms that reach an agreement, only the attitude of trade creditors is relevant, who besides, have a different behavior depending on the type of resolution.
    Keywords: G21 ; G33 ; K22 ; ddc:330 ; Bankruptcy ; Bank debt ; Trade debt ; Time of bankruptcy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: In this paper we analyse the role of exploitation knowledge strategy to explain the relationship between social capital in its bonding dimension and incremental innovation dimension in the field of clusters. To do this, on a sample of 215 cultural tourism companies in World Heritage Cities of Spain, we applied a structural model that allows us to detect a significant indirect effect to bonding capital in incremental innovation through the development of a exploitation knowledge strategy. The results suggest that if firms in a cultural tourism cluster are able to leverage their strong ties and dense networks to implement exploitation knowledge strategies, tend to develop more incremental innovations.
    Keywords: O18 ; O31 ; M11 ; ddc:330 ; Knowledge strategy ; Exploitation ; Bonding capital ; Innovation ; Cultural tourism cluster
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Since mobility is a basic need in today's society, the final aim of this work is to analyze the main features of the companies that conform the Spanish urban transport industry. With this purpose in mind we will analyze the main characteristics of the industry in the period 2008-2010 putting special emphasis in the study and evolution of the principal financial accounting statements.
    Keywords: R49 ; M49 ; ddc:330 ; Passenger transport ; Finance ; Costs ; Economic and financial analysis
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 30
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The sensitivity in the public urban transport sector, focusing on a progressive improvement in the economic and technical management of passenger services and the need to design a transparent public finance system and according to the current economic circumstances, has led to increased interest and concern to improve the knowledge of its structure and evolution. This has encouraged the emergence of the conditions for the adoption of the initiative of the institutions that have promoted the creation of the Costs and Funding of Collective Urban Transport Watchdog (TUC Watchdog). The TUC Centre's objectives focus on the study of the operating conditions and financing of surface urban public transport concessions in Spain, through the generation of representative measures of behavior patterns, in order to enhance the real knowledge of the sector. In this paper, we present a study of the current problems in the financing of urban public transport in Spain, from the work carried out for the first report of the TUC (2008-2009).
    Keywords: R40 ; R49 ; M49 ; ddc:330 ; Passenger transport ; Finance ; Costs ; Economic and financial analysis ; Transport Watchdog
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: A sufficiently accessible public transport, is one of the main factors for the implementation of congestion charging, which ensures addition, an adequate level of social equity in mobility, a high degree of social acceptance. This article based on a population survey for the City of Madrid and its surroundings, provides an assessment of the current transport accessibility features Madrid to guarantee social equity in low mobility urban pricing situations, where the results show as the system would ensure a level of fairness in the mobility very meaningful and relevant to interior and radial displacements respectively with very limited scope for transverse displacements, although the use of certain strategies can be a crucial factor that promotes fairness socially desirable for the congestion charge.
    Keywords: R41 ; ddc:330 ; Congestion ; Public transport ; Road pricing ; Social equity
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The target of this study is to identify those areas that, according to the operators of urban transport companies in surface in Spain, affecting daily activity about efficient management of your business. For this, we apply the methodology of the survey to 12 managers of urban transport companies with the intention of determining, the view that managers of these companies give different variables related to the management and financing them, considering the current context.
    Keywords: R40 ; ddc:330 ; Management ; Benchmarking ; Urban public transport companies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Consumers are thought to be rational in their choices. But sometimes their choices comprise intransitivities. Current paper presents a mathematically supported experimental study of consumers' intransitive preferences concerning product attributes. We used a personalized experimental design developed on the basis of Q methodology to maintain subjectivity. In our experimental study we are investigating intransitivity occurring in participants' preferences during selection between simple, medium complex, and complex products. By the Q method we gain the same number of less important (middle level) attribute dimensions for all participants. The participants' task is to make pairwise comparisons of preference between specific realizations of each product group. Since conjoint analysis is based on the measurement and testing of consumer preferences, reassessment of the phenomenon may have impact on marketing research methodology. This research is to test an experimental design which-with some adjustment-could be able to measure revealed preferences in a more precise way.
    Keywords: M31 ; ddc:330 ; Product attributes ; Rating/ranking ; Intransitive preferences
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The aim of this paper is to determine the degree of implementation of certain work practices of reflexive production and lean production, individually and jointly, in Catalonia direct suppliers firms of OEM. We present the results of a survey, which examines various items about the degree of work autonomy and indirect labor delegation to the operator, characteristics of jobs, wage compensations, if teamwork and certain participation systems are implemented. We analyze whether there are significant differences in the median of the items by segmenting the nationality of capital, degree of implementation of JIT and teamwork. It is verified a small job redesign, as well an important individual use of some practices of lean production, more intensely on foreign capital firms. Lack greater integration in most firms, so there should be more joint implementation. It identifies a typology with seven groups of firms.
    Keywords: L62 ; M19 ; M59 ; ddc:330 ; Automotive industry ; Catalonia ; Labor organization ; Cluster analysis ; Suppliers
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Many researchers and economists have argued that competitiveness studies conducted by WEF and IMD, show limitations in small-economies, even more when they have different characteristics. The objective of this research is to study the competitiveness of three small-economies: Puerto Rico, Costa Rica and Singapore. The double-diamond model of competitiveness is useful when performing this task. With data obtain from international organizations. The findings suggest that Singapore shows a higher level of global competitiveness compared to Puerto Rico and Costa Rica. We conclude that Puerto Rico and Costa Rica have similar levels of competitiveness, because internationally Puerto Rico leads to Costa Rica on 3 determinants: factor conditions, demand conditions and related industries. On the other hand, Costa Rica is locally more competitive than Puerto Rico in 3 domestic factors: factor conditions, demand conditions and firm's strategy.
    Keywords: F43 ; O15 ; O54 ; R58 ; ddc:330 ; Competitive advantage ; Global competitiveness ; Double diamond ; Puerto Rico ; Costa Rica ; Singapore
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: In last years entrepreneurial orientation has generated an increased interest in the field of entrepreneurship. The literature review allows us to suggest the need to analyze the ambiguity and complexity of the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and firms' performance. In this work, we study this relationship from a configurational approach, addressing the consistency of relational and organizational aspects with entrepreneurial orientation. The aim of this work is to develop a configurational model to explain how the conjunction between social capital and internal capabilities can foster the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and performance. We propose three theoretical models - universal, contingent and configurational - which are defined by theoretical propositions. Also, we explore and exemplify empirically these relationships through a case study of Spanish agri-food industry. Finally, we draw a series of conclusions from the proposed models and we propose future lines of research.
    Keywords: M13 ; L12 ; ddc:330 ; Entrepreneurial orientation ; social capital ; Technological capabilities ; Marketing capabilities ; Theoretical model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The main objective of this study is to determine the influence of service quality on satisfaction of football spectators, looking scarcely investigated in the literature. The results, from a sample of 700 spectators at a football club of the Spanish First Division, reveal three main conclusions: (i) the quality of service of a football event is determined by both tangibles - infrastructure - as intangible - quality and delivery of equipment, and management of the board; (ii) the quality of positively affects service satisfaction experienced by the viewer part associated with football event; (iii) in overall satisfaction directly influences partial satisfaction associated with specific aspects of the sporting event and indirectly the quality of services provided. The study concludes with the main contributions, limitations and future research.
    Keywords: M31 ; ddc:330 ; Perceived quality ; Service ; Customer satisfaction ; Sport event ; Football
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Due to the difference in legislation and controls, lately is when counterfeiters have found greater opportunities to counterfeit and create a parallel economy that causes social damages, and affects companies that own original brands, making it necessary to quantify this damage. We developed a financial model on which to assess the change in value of a company harmed due to counterfeiting, describing how it affects negatively the quantity demanded of the originals, and the firm's expenses while seeking to preserve its value.
    Keywords: M19 ; ddc:330 ; Counterfeit ; Brand valuation ; Discounted cash flow
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The introduction of telework in organizations has been used as an example of policy to improve urban mobility, through the reduction in the frequency and duration of trips between home and the workplace. However, telework does not seem to be catching on among businesses and workers, so that the intended improvements are not being achieved. Mobility in urban areas could be improved by increased interest of companies and workers to adopt this way of working, but this is necessary to clarify what is teleworking, what forms have and how they can benefit the parties involved, besides indicating weaknesses and how to minimize them. The ultimate purpose of this paper is to analyze the causes of adoption of telework and its promotion by organizations offering recommendations for proper implementation.
    Keywords: L2 ; M5 ; O2 ; R4 ; ddc:330 ; Telework ; Mobility ; Transportation ; Policies ; Organization
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The Observatorio de Costes y Financiación del Transporte Urbano Colectivo (Cost and Funding of Urban Transport Watchdog) and its annual reports on this industry provide an excellent platform to improve awareness of its cost structure, to enable benchmarking strategies/practices for companies, and to fund policies for an efficient public service. Alongside this, setting-up a database which includes a battery/series of comprehensive and core parameters for studying the conditions of public service provision in Spain, is a first-order information base that must be used to generate industry knowledge and develop multiple lines of research to be explored in the future. In this paper we aim to present a potential research roadmap in this area.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Costs ; Transport ; Efficiency ; Funding ; Data mining
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This study analyses the social and environmental research published in Spanish journals between 2004 and 2012. The main areas of concern of the Spanish researcher are analysis of Spanish practices, external publication, attitude studies and the different theoretical frameworks. There are also encouraging changes in the methodological approaches used, placing greater importance on empirical research with the conducting of field and case studies, at the same time as analysis of different statistical relationships, from interviews and content analysis, although without the features of cooperation and interactivity typical of dynamic, and innovative knowledge production communities. There appears to be some difficulty in getting published in Spanish journals, and generating critical social and environmental research is even harder.
    Keywords: M14 ; Q56 ; ddc:330 ; Research ; Methods ; Spain ; Corporate social responsibility ; Sustainable development
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  • 43
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 44
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The relationships between different types of cooperation and rivalry and product innovation are examined in this article, differentiating between new and established companies. The hypotheses proposed suggest different patterns of cooperation. For new companies, the most effective types of cooperation are those which can lower costs and reduce risks (small and medium size companies, other new companies, financial bodies and knowledge centres). On the other hand, established companies may benefit more by cooperating with other established companies. Furthermore, the relationship between intense rivalry and product innovation is stronger for established companies than for new ones. The results obtained, using a sample of 3,528 companies in geographical clusters of 32 European countries, confirm the established hypotheses in general terms. These results have interesting implications for research into entrepreneurship, cooperation and competitive dynamics.
    Keywords: L26 ; M13 ; O31 ; O32 ; ddc:330 ; New companies ; Cooperation ; Rivalry ; Innovation ; Cluster
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 45
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Due to the continuous growing of information exchange in the Internet, commercial web sites have started to include online tools to allow consumer interaction in them. Thus, when visiting these commercial web sites, consumers may consider not only e-retailer information (marketing communication) but also purchase and use experiences shared by other consumers (electronic word-of-mouth). This study focuses on the role of information included in a commercial web site in the improvement of the relationship with customers and the promotion of the e-retailer's products through electronic word-of-mouth. The results of the structural equations model based on commercial web sites' users suggest that marketing communication and electronic word-of-mouth positively affect the levels of affective commitment, whereas trust can only be affected by the degree of marketing communication. Finally, trust influences on commitment, and this in turn would directly affects the level of electronic positive word-of-mouth.
    Keywords: M15 ; M30 ; M31 ; ddc:330 ; Electronic word-of-mouth ; Marketing communication ; Trust ; Affective commitment ; Internet
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This research has been carried out in order to analyze the development of actions to modify organizational legitimacy. We examine the relationship between the degree of organizational goals implementation and pragmatic legitimacy. Study has been developed on the European Area of Higher Education. We look at this process in the University community of six Spanish universities. The results have shown a significant and positive relationship between the degree of organizational goals implementation and their pragmatic legitimacy.
    Keywords: M10 ; M21 ; ddc:330 ; Strategic implementation ; Legitimacy ; Pragmatic legitimacy ; Strategy ; Institutional theory ; European Area of Higher Education
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: In the current economic crisis accurate assessment of the efficiency of the online strategy implemented by companies is a crucial issue. This paper proposes a number of indicators for the evaluation of the websites of companies all over the world. Our research examines the manual and automatic evaluation of a series of objective variables concerning website. To obtain the indicators we applied a factor analysis to the relevant variables. The Quantitative Web Quality Index is a versatile tool that permit us to compare any kind of organizations and detect the strong and weak points of the company's website.
    Keywords: M15 ; ddc:330 ; Website evaluation ; Website quality ; Website analysis ; E-strategy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: e-Government development requires a good knowledge of both users' expectations and all the factors that may strength users' adoption of the technology. Chan et al. (2010) proposed several variables that could act as antecedents of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model's components in the context of compulsory use environments. The present research addresses the validity of such antecedents when one is dealing with a free use environment instead that with a compulsory one. The methodology is based in building up a structural equation model by means of the PLS technique. Our findings show that the expectations about the result to be obtained and the effort expectations held by the user affect significantly the intention of use of the e-Government platform. In turn, the intention of use and the facilitating conditions have an influence on actual use of the platform. Furthermore, we found that convenience, assistance, trust and avoidance of personal interaction play important roles in terms of UTAUT model's antecedents.
    Keywords: M15 ; M31 ; M58 ; ddc:330 ; e-Government ; UTAUT ; Convenience ; Assistance ; Trust ; Avoidance of personal interaction
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 49
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: There is unanimous acknowledgement in the literature in that information and communication technologies (ICT) can improve the effectiveness of cooperation between tour operators and help in the development of the tourism industry. However, there is no empirical research that supports the reduced uncertainty about the future structure of the sector resulting from the changes induced by ICT. The objective of this paper is to attempt to fill this gap, firstly by identifying the change criteria found in the research literature, and secondly, to apply the resulting theoretical framework using the data collected in a survey of tourism intermediaries.
    Keywords: D30 ; L83 ; O30 ; ddc:330 ; Distribution channels ; Distribution system
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 50
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The literature review previous to the realization of this research has allowed us to observe that in the field of management of quality is necessary empirical research to analyze the structure of relations among the critical factors of quality and results. In this context, we conducted an empirical study in 186 tourist accommodation businesses certified under the 'Q for Tourism Quality' in Spain, which analyzes the structure of relations among the critical factors of quality and quality results. A model based on the theory together with the hypotheses to be tested, and validated using the technique of structural equation models. The results show that companies that want to improve the quality results should be noted that the critical factors that most influence are the policy/quality planning along with leadership. The latter factor is directly and positively related to partnerships and resources, the policy/quality planning, employee management and learning.
    Keywords: M1 ; ddc:330 ; Quality management ; "Q for Tourist Quality" ; Customer results ; Structural equation models
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 51
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The aim of this paper is to analyze the phenomenon of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the Spanish banking sector through social responsibility reports. Based on the theories of legitimacy and Stakeholders justified the use of CSR to analyze the behavior information about its environment. As survey methodology used content analysis, in particular are analyzed and compared the information practices in relation to four pillars on which the RSC is organized: customers, community, employees and the environment. In particular, it proposes a content index of liability (IDR) that measures the quality and detail of information provided. The study concludes that the community and environment categories are the most generally reported, although nature are social institutions (savings banks and credit unions) more transparent about customers and community is concerned, on the evolution during the recent years have seen that the transparency of information does not increase, but remains stable or even decreased as in the case of the contents on customers, in addition, we find that the contents are related to the internal activity of the company remains concerned about the most institutions to address the impacts of their activities as financial intermediaries.
    Keywords: M14 ; ddc:330 ; Content analysis ; Financial institutions ; Global reporting initiative ; Corporate social responsibility
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 52
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Over the past decades, there has been in Galicia, in line with what has happened in other territories, a proliferation of industrial estates that have increased the supply of industrial land in this region. These estates are immersed in a competitive struggle to attract the largest possible number of companies. One of the factors that influence their capacity of attraction is the variety of facilities, both infrastructures and services, which make available to its customers. The intention of this paper is to analyze, through multivariate statistical techniques, if the Galician industrial estates have defined horizontal differentiation strategies that enable them to meet the specific needs of the demand, i.e., firms seeking a location for carrying out their productive activities.
    Keywords: M19 ; L10 ; R32 ; ddc:330 ; Industrial estates ; Galicia ; Horizontal differentiation strategies ; Multivariate statistical techniques
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 53
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This article collects and analyzes the results of a research project1 that deals with possible synergies between the tourism sector and the audiovisual sector in Spain. Through the qualitative technique of in-depth interview, experts and representatives of those sectors were interviewed. The interviewees (20 in total), from Spanish, Venezuelan and Mexican nationality, belong to both the public like private sphere, being all them pioneers in the field of cooperation between the tourism and the audiovisual sectors. The objective of this research is to verify the possible use of the audiovisual sector, especially audiovisual series, such as promotional tools for tourist destinations and thus foster greater cooperation between the audiovisual and tourism. In the Spanish case there are destinations that already make use of audiovisual series as a promotional tool, and they are visited by viewers. But partnerships between producers and tourist destinations are still limited, despite the favourable results.
    Keywords: M31 ; M37 ; L83 ; ddc:330 ; Audiovisual ; Tourism ; Promotion ; Fiction series ; Destination ; Spain ; Viewer
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 54
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The design of qualifications around professional profiles and steering teaching towards the acquisition of competences are 2 major challenges targeted by the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). This study analyses the importance given by teachers to knowledge of a second language in Business Organisation matters in Business Management and Administration (BMA) and Engineering studies in the European context. As its basis, the study takes answers from teaching staff in 20 European countries given in an online survey. The results lead to the conclusion that mastery of a second language is a specific competence considered by teachers to be crucial for the training of university BMA and Engineering students, although Spain is behind other countries in the region with regard to how the importance of a second language is perceived as a curricular and professional competence.
    Keywords: I21 ; I23 ; M10 ; ddc:330 ; European Higher Education Area ; Competence-based teaching ; Linguistic competence ; Curriculum ; Language learning
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 55
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Traditionally, literature has considered the need of the double fit, vertical and horizontal fit, of the human resource strategy in organizations. Its strategic importance has been empirically demonstrated in different studies, however, the complexity of this process demands deeper theoretical analysis, which allows us to identify those elements that make the double fit possible. In this study, drawing on the main human resource management perspectives and the 'system strength' concept proposed by Bowen and Ostroff (2004), we discuss the three main features that define this concept and its relationship with the human resource system fit. As a consequence of our analysis, we establish three theoretical propositions that explain the link between the double fit and the system strength concept.
    Keywords: M12 ; ddc:330 ; Human resources ; Vertical and horizontal fit ; System strength
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 56
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This paper analyzes national and regional efficiency and total factor productivity of Spanish hotels. The nonparametric frontier DEA methodology has been used to assess the levels of efficiency of the hotel firms and Malmquist indices to estimate the productive change in the period 2001-2008. The results show the region most efficient and therefore more competitive. The results also show the rates of change in productivity in the period and its main determinants: efficiency change and technical change.
    Keywords: L83 ; D24 ; O47 ; M11 ; ddc:330 ; Tourism ; companies ; regional analysis ; Competitiveness ; Efficiency ; Productivity
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 57
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This research intends to show whether the prevalence of individualistic or collectivist cultures in an organization can moderate the effects of the human resource policies on business performance. To date, there is a lack of literature which analyzes this relationship. A sample of 102 companies, situated in southern of Spain, with more than 100 employees was used for this study. In accordance with the statistical analysis conducted using Structural Equation Modeling Partial Least Squares (SEM-PLS) results reveal the existence of the moderating effect.
    Keywords: L25 ; M12 ; M14 ; M50 ; ddc:330 ; Human resource practices ; Employees commitment ; Organizational performance ; Individualism/collectivism
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 58
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 59
    Publication Date: 2019-01-15
    Description: This article discusses theoretically why companies cooperate in carrying out their R&D, and doing so with several external agents. From a sample of original equipment manufacturers suppliers (OEMS) located in Catalonia, we checked if they incorporated products innovation, research, design, product development phases, and if they collaborated with external agents in doing their R&D, differentiated by property capital (domestic versus foreign) and company size. It was shown that large companies are those who performed R&D in greater proportion, however, and the smaller ones the least. A very small number of firms cooperate with the external agents considered, and they are all large companies.
    Keywords: L62 ; O32 ; M19 ; ddc:650 ; research and development ; suppliers ; automotive ; cooperation ; Catalonia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 60
    Publication Date: 2019-01-15
    Description: With the aim of analysing the seasonality of the Spanish and American film industries, a comparative analysis was made between variables such as release dates in cinemas, and trends in audience figures. The results show that Spanish films have a higher seasonality level than American ones, and films are not released during holiday periods in which consumers have more leisure time.
    Keywords: M21 ; L82 ; Z11 ; L11 ; ddc:650 ; seasonality ; film industry ; Spanish films ; USA films ; release date
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article