Supplement to: Friedrichsen, Hans (1985): Strontium, oxygen, and hydrogen isotope studies on primary and secondary minerals in basalts from the Costa Rica Rift, Deep Sea Drilling Project Hole 504B, Leg 83. In: Anderson, RN; Honnorez, J; Becker, K; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 83, 289-295, https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.83.112.1985
The D/H, 18O/16O and 87Sr/86Sr ratios of the basaltic basement from the Leg 83 section of DSDP Hole 504B show that in that area the oceanic crust has experienced intensive but not pervasive alteration. Isotope ratios of the basalts are very heterogeneous because of an input of oxygen, hydrogen, and strontium from seawater. The hydrogen isotopic composition of many samples displays the complete thermal history of the water-rock interactions. High-temperature mineral formations (actinolites, epidotes, and chlorites) were overgrown by a mineralization at lower temperatures (mixedlayer smectites, iddingsites, and smectites) during successive stages of cooling of the oceanic crust by cold seawater. From 87Sr/86Sr data bulk water/rock ratios up to 5:1 have been calculated. There is evidence that some primary minerals like high-An plagioclases contain oxygen from altered basalts. We have discussed the probability that there existed a seawater/crust interface, now at a depth of 620 m sub-basement, during the high-temperature water/rock interactions. This interface was covered during later magmatism by thick flows, pillow lavas, and intrusives.
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