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  • 1990 - 1994  (627,774)
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  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Description / Table of Contents: The present interest in sediments which are rich in organic matter results not only from their economic significance as potential oil and gas source rocks, but also from the fact that their deposition is the result of special environments. Subtle changes in the environmental conditions may result in great variations in the geochemical and petrographical characteristics of the organic matter. Therefore, the study of organic matter-rich sediments can provide a key to past sedimentary conditions. In addition, the elucidation of the depositional controls is of importance for oil and gas exploration strategies, for which the knowledge of source rock distribution and quality is critical. Furthermore, organic matter reacts extremely sensitive to changes in temperature during burial. The result of this sensitivity is the generation of volatile products such as carbon dioxide, water, nitrogen, oil and gas and a reorganization of the solid organic residue. Some of these changes are quantified as maturity parameters which can be used as calibration tools in basin modelling, i.e., in the modelling of temperature histories of sedimentary basins. The use of maturity parameters and other organic matter characteristics as indicators for diagenetic conditions and depositional processes is, however, restricted, if analyses are performed on outcrop samples, because weathering also affects organic matter.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (216 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540566618
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Description / Table of Contents: INTRODUCTION Ecometry concerns measurements and interpretation of ecological data and relationships between data. It deals with most matters involved in the scientific aspects of the representativity and information value of samples and does not, in fact, concern statistical methods. In particular, ecometry can be regarded as an approach to obtain so-called load models and load diagrammes (effect-dose-sensitivity diagrammes), which are one of the aims/final products in aquatic environmental consequence analysis (H~- kanson, 1990; all these terms will be explained later on). This publication is meant to demonstrate what can and cannot be done using ecometric approaches. It must be emphasized at the outset that the main intention here is not to provide new radioecological knowledge on how Cs-137 is dispersed in aquatic ecosystems after the Chernobyl accident and is taken up in fish, but to use Cs-137 as a type substance and pike as a biological indicator to go through methods which should also apply to other types of environmentally hazardous substances (it could just as well have been substance X in ecosystem Y). As a secondary effect, we may also learn something about Cs-137. Several terms and methods, which have not been used earlier in the aquatic environmental sciences, e.g., ecometric analysis and dynamic modelling using moderators, will be discussed and defined...
    Pages: Online-Ressource (158 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540539971
    Language: English
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  • 3
    Description / Table of Contents: PREFACE This volume presents results from members of the Project 216 "Global Biological Events in Earth History" of the International Geological Correlation Programme (IGCP). The project, initiated by the elder editor (O.H.W.) within the framework of the International Palaeontological Association (IPA) in the late 70s, was officially established in 1984. Subsequently, it led to the first three conferences on Global Bio-Events, and their respective symposia volumes: 1) In G6ttingen, West Germany in 1986 (WaUiser, O. H., Ed., 1986, Global Bio-Events, Springer-Verlag); in Bilbao, Spain in 1987 (Lamolda, M. A., Kauffrnan, E. G., and Walliser, O. H., Eds., 1988, Paleontology and Evolution: Extinction Events; Rev. Espafiola de Paleont., n. extraord.); and in Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A. in 1988 (this volume). The next meeting, on Innovations and Revolutions in the Biosphere, is planned in Oxford, England in 1990, to be hosted by Martin Brasier. During the history of this project, the focus of our research has shifted significantly. Initial focus was on specific global mass extinctions (e.g. the Precambrian/Cambrian, Frasnian/Fammenian, Cretaceous/Tertiary, and Eocene/Oligocene events) to a broader treatment of Phanerozoic mass extinctions, their differences or unifying factors, and their causal mechanisms. Subsequent meetings have attempted to focus attention on a fuller spectrum of global bio-events in Earth history. The Boulder Conference, and this volume, although still strongly influenced by the excitement of mass extinction research, expresses these new trends in bioevent studies. The Boulder conference, held on May 16-23, 1988, focused on a broad spectrum of Abrupt Changes in the Global Biota. Over 100 participants from 13 nations attended this meeting, representing diverse disciplines of palaeobiology, palaeoclimatology, palaeoceanography, sedimentology, geochemistry, and a broad spectrum of the stratigraphic and geological sciences. Four days of talks were supplemented by field trips to the continental Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in the Raton Basin, New Mexico, and to the Cenomanian/Turonian mass extinction interval exposed near Pueblo, Colorado. The Conference itself was characterized by a great diversity of approaches to bio-event research, and the phenomenon of mass extinction. In particular, interactive causes involving both extraterrestrial and earthbound (tectonic, oceanographic, climatic) forces were discussed, and each major Phanerozoic mass extinction was treated by specialists in the field. In addition, many presentations focused on the causal mechanism and patterns of bio-event development that were not restricted to mass extinction intervals, but which could cause regional to global biotic response at any time in Earth history. Thus, both the conference, and this volume, focus attention on climatic and oceanic perturbations from anoxia, advection, rapid thermal change, toxic chemical enrichment, and energy shock from impacts and giant tsunamis as forcing mechanism for regional to global bio-events. The delicate balance of perched ocean/ctimate~fe systems under typical warm equable non-glacial Phanerozoic conditions, and their susceptibility to shock from even small perturbations, was a philosophical theme that ran throughout the meeting. The case for extraterrestrial forcing of tectonic, volcanic, and biological events was greatly strengthened by new data presented at this conference, with special concern for the effects of small comet/meteorite impacts in the oceans, and their chemical/physical/biological signature which might be used, in the absence of shocked minerals, microspheres or trace metals, to identify extraterrestrial events associated with global and regional bio-events. The conference benefitted from the introduction of much new data at high levels of resolution, especially from poorly studied mass extinction intervals. Interactive discussions, and many new ideas characterized the meeting. The new scientific results of this meeting are exciting; they are reviewed in the Conference Report published in Episodes (1988, v. 11, n. 4, p. 289-292). Most of the key papers presented at the Boulder meeting appear in this volume. What lies ahead in bio-event research? Clearly, a great deal of excitement and an age of discovery. We have only touched the surface of this new and dynamic field. We are starting to comprehend the dynamics of global mass extinctions, integrating detailed geochemical, physical and biological data into scenarios of cause and effect. But in the years ahead lies the job of understanding the whole spectrum of regional bioevents preserved in the ancient record, and especially the application of this research to solutions of the critical problems inherent in global change and the modern biotic crisis. Future directions for research at this conference include the investigation and modeling of abrupt chemical and thermal shifts in the ocean, the effects of impacts at deep ocean sites, the documentation of successful survival strategies and repopulation patterns following biotic crises, the deep ocean record of bio-events, and focus on alternative forces other than impacting to account for mass extinction events. This volume introduces some of these new pathways in bio-event research.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (432 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540526056
    Language: English
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  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Description / Table of Contents: PREFACE The search for tin dates back to the earliest days of civilization. For about 40 years, world tin mining has oscillated at a level of 150,000-250,000 t Sn/year, with a mine output in 1989 of 210,000 t Sn (MCS 1990). This figure corresponds to a current annual value of about US$1.5 billion and places tin ninth on the metal market behind iron, gold, uranium, copper, zinc, silver, platinum and nickel. Tin deposits belong to the granite-related ore deposit spectrum which includes many metals vital to current and future technologies such as Cu, W, Mo, U, Nb, Ta, Ag, Au, Sb, Bi, As, Pb, Zn, REE, Be, Ga and Li. The granitic rocks associated with tin and tin-tungsten deposits have long been identified as a special group of granites, the so-called tin granites. These rocks provide a unique opportunity to study the magmatic and hydrothermal history of tin ore formation. Tin granites are more easily identifiable as parent rocks for tin (and tungsten) mineralization than is the case for other mineralized granitic rocks such as molybdenum and copper porphyries. The magmatic molybdenum and copper distribution patterns are more complex (control by sulfide solubilities), and commonly obliterated by fluid interaction. The relatively simple situation of tin granites provides therefore an invaluable opportunity to study some metallogenic aspects of magmatic-hydrothermal ore deposits in general. The present study attempts to develop a general metallogenic model for tin in identifying the essential or relevant processes in tin ore formation. The methodological principle is based, on an interplay between a background of some basic petrogenetic concepts and a number of specific local and regional data on tin deposits and tin provinces, with particular reference to those areas with which the author is most familiar with (Bolivia, SE Asia, Europe). This inductive approach condenses the many apparently specific complexities encountered in individual ore deposits to a few major processes of general importance. The inherent reductionism may have a personal bias which is probably inevitable in any simple and broad-scale picture ("Apr6s tout, la raison est bien I'esclave des passions"; Feyerabend 1979:210). The critical problem of the relevance of those factors chosen for our model can be judged by its degree of consistency and predictive capability for new and analogous cases...
    Pages: Online-Ressource (211 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540528067
    Language: English
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  • 5
    Description / Table of Contents: INTRODUCTION Humic substances, comprise a class of biogenic, coloured, organic substances that are ubiquitous in soil, sediment and water. Originally, the occurrence and nature of humic substances were regarded as issues of primarily academic interest. This situation is now rapidly changing, and studies of humics have gained recognition as important contributions to environmental science. In particular it has been shown that humic substances, in several different ways can interact with biologically active substances, thereby modifying their environmental impact. Whereas the history of soil humus studies goes back to the 19th century, the awareness of aquatic humus is more recent. The brownish colour that, in many surface waters, shows the presence of substantial amounts of humic substances, was long considered to be a harmless phenomenon that did not call for detailed investigations. Hnmic waters had few known toxic effects, and the refractory character of hnmic substances indicated the they played a peripheral role in most biochemical processes. In fact, it was not until the mid 70's that aquatic humus was brought into focus in environmental science. The event trigging this was the discovery of the interaction between humic substances and chlorine used for disinfection of drinking water. Toxic substances, such as chloroform, were detected in all chlorinated waters, and humic substances were identified as the main precursors. The role of humics in the mobilization and subsequent transport of trace elements in the environment was recognized for the first time in the early 80's. This role was considered to be of particular importance in connection with geologic storage of high-level radioactive waste. In water with "normal" concentration levels of humic compounds, the speciation of e.g. the trivalent actinides, would be entirely dominated by the complexation with these agents. The topics of this conference (Session 1 - Isolation, fractionation and characterization; Session 2 - Biological and chemical transformation and degradation; Session 3 - Complex formation and interactions with solids; Session 4 - Biological activity; and session 5 Halogenation of humic substances) were selected to represent areas of current environmental interest...
    Pages: Online-Ressource (514 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540537021
    Language: English
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  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Keywords: Fehlersuche ; Geophysikalische Methoden ; entropy ; environment ; error analysis ; exploration ; geophysical methods ; geophysics ; inversion ; modeling ; signal processing
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction / Pages 1-32 --- Interpretation using nomograms / Pages 33-47 --- Linear parameters / Pages 49-114 --- Non-linear parameters / Pages 115-173 --- Maximum likelihood and maximum entropy / Pages 175-193 --- Analytic inversion / Pages 195-211 --- Advanced inversion methods / Pages 213-227 --- Error analysis / Pages 229-243 --- Parallel computation in modelling and inversion / Pages 245-255
    Pages: Online-Ressource (262 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    ISBN: 9783540472636
    Language: English
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  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Description / Table of Contents: INTRODUCTION The International Summer School of Theoretical Geodesy on Satellite Altimetry in Geodesy and Oceanography was held in Trieste (Italy) from May 25 to June 6, igg2. It was organized by Prof. R. Rummel of the Delft University of Technology and by Prof. F. Sansò of the Politecnico di Milano and was attended by 63 participants and 7 lecturers from 17 countries. The School was hosted by the International Centre of Theoretical Physics of Trieste. Satellite altimetry provides a lot of data that require more and more sophisticated models in order to be interpreted and exploited. One of the main problems related to the practical treatment of the data can be summarized as follows: oceanographers would like to ask geodesists to compute precise orbits and a precise geoid in order to put into evidence the Sea Surface Topography that can be interpreted as an oceanographic signal related to currents and to several physical parameters; on the other hand, geodesists would like to ask oceanographers to a-priori determine the Sea Surface Topography, in order to be able to extract from the altimeter data the geoid and the orbit errors to be used in the gravity field modelling. The solution to this dilemma can only be found in a cooperative frame. An integrated model to be used for a single-step treatment of altimetry is probably far to be defined, so at present geodesists and oceanographers must cooperate to obtain step-wise and iterative modelling of the gravity field and of the oceanographic phenomena. This is precisely the reason why the school on Satellite Altimetry was organized on an interdisciplinary basis...
    Pages: Online-Ressource (479 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540568186
    Language: English
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  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Description / Table of Contents: PREFACE Sedimentation as a Three-Component System describes the most common styles of deposition in marine environments as they relate to sediment composition. Three components, organic matter, carbonate, and siliciclastic sediment, may settle concurrently, but at different rates, intermixing on the sea floor to form a particular sediment composition. A change in the flux of one component is capable of relatively diluting or concentrating the other two components, which can be expressed in the characteristic ratio of organic carbon to carbonate in the resulting sediment. The basic concept of this book is to address organic carbon-carbonate associations in terms of depositional inputs and time spans. In addition, the three-component system describes organic carbon changes related to major facies transitions. Examples include models of the genesis of carbonaceous sediments, with their various laminated to bioturbated lithotypes, and numerical organic carbon prediction. I hope that this book will encourage stimulating discussions and promote a new approach to quantitative stratigraphy...
    Pages: Online-Ressource (211 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540573869
    Language: English
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  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Description / Table of Contents: PREFACE Some of the major ecological and social problems of the present and future are the production, treatment, and disposal of anthropogenic wastes. Iaais is equally true for sparsely and densely populated industrial areas, including large countries in which sites for waste disposal would seem to be readily available. Especially nonradioactive hazardous wastes with their long-term toxicity need to be isolated from the biosphere just as effectively as radioactive substances. The long-term safety required of waste disposal sites can only be assured under specific geological and mineralogical conditions in certain parts of the lithosphere (underground repositories). The subjects related to the production, avoidance, treatment, and disposal of anthropogenic wastes cover a range of knowledge encompassing the natural sciences, engineering, medicine, and law. This work presents some fundamental situations and problems conceming the disposal of toxic hazardous wastes which have been dealt with in several research projects. The individual chapters are related scientifically. Long-term, effective solutions to our waste problems can only be found when interrelationships and possible future developments are considered. Only the current status of this rapidly developing field can be discussed here. The individual chapters contain scientifically founded data and observations. Other aspects for which there are still controversial opinions and arguments are also discussed, which should stimulate further thought. Further developments and scientific advances can only be achieved by constantly challenging previous theories, and not through static observation and narrow-mindedness. The most extensive quantification possible of the problems related to disposal of hazardous wastes is an essential aim of our work. This not only involves calculating the volume of waste and available repository space, but also compiling data on the long-term effects and the safe, long-term isolation of anthropogenic wastes from the biosphere. A simple description of conditions and processes without using concrete data, which is still widespread, is rejected since it frequently leads to pure speculation. The scientific fundamentals and results presented in this work are of general validity for many questions concerning waste disposal. One example is the amount of waste produced annually in Germany, in which toxic, hazardous wastes play a major role. FoIlowing this train of thought, available data are used to show how limited the possibilities are for the long-term safe underground deposition of hazardous wastes with respect to the current quantities of waste. Of utmost importance is information on the 10ng-term effects of toxic wastes, as well as criteria which have to be considered with respect to the long-term safe deposition of hazardous waste. The natural chemical cycles and material transport in the various zones of the earth are the focus of interest here. They are the scientific basis for assessing every repository for anthropogenic wastes in geological systems. Therefore the significance of material transport and geochemical cycles is emphasized regarding all questions concerning the long-term safety of repositories on the earth's surface and in the lithosphere. Thus, our concept for the scientific evaluation of the long-term safety of underground repositories in geological systems differs from all other models presently under discussion in Germany. In this work, marine evaporites are discussed with respect to the underground deposition of hazardous wastes and the long-term safety of underground repositories in salt rocks. The isolation of hazardous materials from the biosphere can above all be influenced by fluid phases. Fluid phases can mobilize and transport hazardous materials through rocks in the biosphere. This is true, without exception, for all magmatic, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks, and for marine evaporites, too! In Germany evaporites have commonly been considered to be completely impermeable with respect to fluid phases (solutions and gases). This erroneous view stems from a complete lack of knowledge or misestimation of the dynamic evolution of the composition of evaporite bodies. Unfortunately, this is still true today for parts of some state agencies which deal with repositories. However, all observations of evaporite bodies made over the last more than 100 years have clearly shown that under certain conditions fluid and gaseous components are mobile in evaporites as well. Solutions in marine evaporites have been the object of personal interest and scientific research of A.G. Herrmann for 40 years. The occurrence and formation of salt solutions in the various salt mining districts of Germany are presently being restudied and reevaluated on an extended scientific basis (e.g., v. BORSTEL 1992). A presentation of the current knowledge on salt solutions is beyond the scope of this publication. However, in the interest of continuing research a research project proposed by A.G. Herrmann (1987b) will be introduced here. The direct quantitative analysis of the chemical composition (quatemary and quinary systems) of small fluid inclusions in rocks of the salt deposits of Hessen and Niedersachsen are the primary focus of this project. Information important to fundamental research on the formation and alteration of salt rocks and on the long-term safety of underground repositories should be gained from these studies (e.g., HERRMANN & v. BORSTEL 1991). In addition to salt solutions, gases are also fluid components which occur in practically all marine evaporite deposits. Hence, both salt solutions and gases must be carefully considered when planning underground repositories in an evaporite body and evaluating their long-term safety. This publication contains an up-to-date overview of the gas occurrences in the marine evaporites of Central Europe. Despite previous studies, there is still a considerable deficit in scientific information regarding the distribution and formation of gases in the evaporites occurring in Germany. A detailed research program on the geochemical relationships involving the formation of evaporites and gases will draw attention to this situation. One aspect must be emphasized in the planning and construction of repositories for anthropogenic wastes: their long-term safety. This publication deals precisely with this subject, and in Part III of this work we will present the concept that we have developed. This concept is based on the fact that evaporite bodies are subject to a dynamic evolution and that the chemical and mineralogical composition provides important information on the effect of fluid phases on salt rocks. Previous works contain the testing of methods and presented initial results using the Gorleben salt dome as an example. However, we are just at the beginning of our research project on the long-term safety of underground repositories (e.g., HERRMANN & KNIPPING 1989, HERRMANN 1992). The information contained in this publication is based on years of experience in evaporite research and underground repositories for anthropogenic wastes. Examples are presented which can be applied to similar situations and problems in other countries. Waste disposal is not just a national problem, it has long become an international one for all types of anthropogenic wastes...
    Pages: Online-Ressource (193 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540562320
    Language: English
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  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Tokyo : TERRAPUB
    Keywords: shock compression ; shock waves
    Description / Table of Contents: SHOCK COMPRESSION OF MATERIALS AND NEW MATERIALS SYNTHESIS / Akira B. Sawaoka / pp. 1-6 --- EXPLOSIVE TECHNIQUE FOR GENERATION OF HIGH DYNAMIC PRESSURE / Shuzo Fujiwara / pp. 7-21 --- TWO-STAGE LIGHT GAS GUN AS A HIGH PRESSURE TOOL FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE STUDY / Akira B. Sawaoka / pp. 23-31 --- A LAUNCH OF A PROJECTILE BY A TWO-STAGE LIGHT GAS GUN AND ITS OPTICAL OBSERVATION / Kunio Soga and Masao Shirouzu / pp. 33-47 --- RAIL GUN DEVELOPNENT AT TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY / Shu Usuba, ken-ichi Kondo and Akira B. Sawaoka / pp. 49-66 --- POWER SOURCES AND DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM FOR RAILGUN / Yozo Kakudate, Shu Usuba, Masatake Yoshida, Katutoshi Aoki, Katsumi Tanaka, and Shyuzo Fujiwara / pp. 67-85 --- DIAMOND AND CUBIC BORON NITRIDE SYNTHESIS BY MEANS OF SHOCK-CONPRESSION / Nobuo Setaka and Tadao Sato / pp. 87-102 --- CHEMICAL EFFECTS OF SHOCK WAVES IN SOLIDS / Yasuhiko Syono / pp. 103-122
    Pages: Online-Ressource (V, 122 Seiten)
    ISBN: 487677106X
    Language: English
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  • 11
    Keywords: crustal evolution ; East Antarctic Shield ; transantarctic mountains and West Antarctica ; syn- and post-breakup of Gondwana ; tectonics of Antarctic peninsula and subantarctic regions ; terrestrial geophysics ; marine geology and geophysics ; cenozoic geology and geornorphology
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Crustal Evolution: East Antarctic Shield --- Archacan Events in Antarctica / L. P. BLACK, J. W. SHERATON and P. D. KINNY / pp. 1-6 --- Metamorphic Evolution of the Sør Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica / M. ASAMI, Y. OSANAI, K. SHIRAISHI and H. MAKIMOTO / pp. 7-16 --- Geochemical Characteristics of Metamorphic Rocks from the Central Sør Rondane Mountains., East Antarctica / Y. OSANAI, K. SHIRAISHI, Y. TAKAHASHI, H. ISHIZUKA, Y. TAINOSHO, N. TSUCHIYA, T. SAKIYAMA and S. KODAMA / pp. 17-28 --- Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr Ages of Metamorphic Rocks from the Sør Rondane Mountains., East Antarctica / K. SHIRAISHI and H. KAGAMI / pp. 29-36 --- Reconnaissance Geochronologic Data on Proterozoic Polymetamorphic Rocks of the Eastern Sør Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica / E. S. GREW, W. I. MANTON, M. ASAMI and H. MAKIMOTO / pp. 37-44 --- Petrochemical Character and Rb-Sr Isotopic Investigation of the Granitic Rocks from the Sør Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica / Y. TAINOSHO, Y. TAKAHASHI, Y. ARAKAWA, Y. OSANAI, N. TSUCHIYA, T. SAKIYAMA and M. OWADA / pp. 45-54 --- Carbon and Oxygen Isotopic Compositions of Marbles from the Sør Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica / N. TSUCHIYA, Y. OSANAI and H. WADA / pp. 55-60 --- 40Ar-39Ar Geochronological Studies on some Paleomagnetic Samples of East Antarctica / Y. TAKIGAMI, M. FUNAKI and K. TOKIEDA / pp. 61-66 --- The First Report of a Cambrian Orogenic Belt in East Antarctica—An Ion Microprobe Study of the Lützow-Holm Complex / K. SHIRAISHI, Y. HIROI, D. J. ELLIS, C. M. FANNING, Y. MOTOYOSHI and Y. NAKAI / pp. 67-74 --- A New Insight of Possible Correlation between the Lützow-Holm Bay Granulites (East Antarctica) and the Sri Lankan Granulites / Y. OGO, Y. HIROI, K. B. N. PRAME and Y. MOTOYOSHI / pp. 75-86 --- Osumilite-Producing Reactions in High Temperature Granulites from the Napier Complex, East Antarctica: Tectonic Implications / B. J. HENSEN and Y. MOTOYOSHI / pp. 87-92 --- Gneisses of the Porthos and Athos Ranges, Northern Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica: Constraints on the Prograde and Retrograde P-T Path / D. E. THOST and B. J. HENSEN / pp. 93-102 --- Mineral Reaction Textures in High-Grade Gneisses: Evidence for Contrasting Pressure-Temperature Paths in the Proterozoic Complex of East Antarctica / I. C. W. FITZSIMONS and S. L. HARLEY / pp. 103-112 --- Mode of Occurrence, Geochemistry and Mineral Textures of Mafic to Ultramafic Rocks from the Bolingen Islands, Prydz Bay., East Antarctica / D. E. THOST, Y. MOTOYOSHI and B. J. HENSEN / pp. 113-118 --- The Significance of Reworking, Fluids and Partial Melting in Granulite Metamorphism, East Prydz Bay, Antarctica / S. L. HARLEY, I. C. W. FITZSIMONS, I. S. BUICK and G. WATT / pp. 119-128 --- Stable Isotope Studies of Granulite Facies Metamorphism in the Rauer Group, East Antarctica / I. S. BUICK, S. L. HARLEY and D. MATTEY / pp. 129-136 --- A Late- Proterozoic Extensional-Compressional Tectonic Cycle in East Antarctica / J. D. HOEK, P. H. G. M. DIRKS and C. W. PASSCHIER / pp. 137-144 --- Re-Examination of the Metamorphic Evolution of the Larsemann Hills., East Antarctica / L. REN, Y. ZHAO, X. LIU and T. CHEN / pp. 145-154 --- Geochronology of the Late Granite in the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica / Y. ZHAO, B. SONG, Y. WANG, L. REN, J. LI and T. CHEN / pp. 155-162 --- The First Study of Upper Mantle Inclusions from the Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica / A. V. ANDRONIKOV / pp. 163-173 --- Mafic Igneous Suites in the Lambert Rift Zone / E. V. MIKHALSKY, A. V. ANDRONIKOV and B. V. BELIATSKY / pp. 173-178 --- Granitic Rocks of the Jetty Peninsula, Amery Ice Shelf Area, East Antarctica / W. I. MANTON, E. S. GREW, J. HOFMANN and J. W. SHERATON / pp. 179-190 --- Paleomagnetic and 40Arl/39Ar Dating Studies of the Mawson Charnockite and Some Rocks from the Christensen Coast / M. FUNAKI and K. SAITO / pp. 191-202 --- 2. Crustal Evolution: Transantarctic Mountains and West Antarctica --- Multiple Petrotectonic Events in High-Grade Metamorphic Rocks of the Nimrod Group, Central Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica / J. W. GOODGE, V. L. HANSEN and S. M. PEACOCK / pp. 203-210 --- Metamorphic Facies of the Ross Orogeny in the Southern Wilson Terrane of Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica / F. TALARICO, M. FRANCESCHELLI, B. LOMBARDO, R. PALMERI, P. C. PERTUSATI, N. RASTELLI and C. A. RICCI / pp. 211-218 --- Metasedimentary Rocks of Western Wilson Terrane (Victoria Land - Oates Land) and Gondwana Connections to Australia / D. N. B. SKININER / pp. 219-226 --- Compressional Causes for the Early Palcozoic Ross Orogen—Evidence from Victoria Land and the Shackleton Range / G. KLEINSCHEMIDT, W. BUGGISCH and T. FLOETTMANN / pp. 227-234 --- Pre-Beacon Tectonic Development of the Transantarctic Mountains / E. STUMP / pp. 235-240 --- Statistical Analysis of Geochemical Patterns in Fine-Grained Permian Mudrocks from the Beardmore Glacier Region, Antarctica / T. C. HORNER and L. A. KRISSEK / pp. 241-248 --- Stratigraphy and Sedimentology of Vertebrate Bone-Bearing Beds in the Triassic (and Jurassic?) Fremouw and Falla Formations, Beardmore Glacier Region., Antarctica / L. A. KRISSEK, T. C. HORNER, D. H. ELLIOT and J. W. COLLINSON / pp. 249-256 --- Early Palcozoic Lamprophyre Dikes of Southern Victoria Land: Geology, Petrology and Geochemistry / B. WU and J. H. BERG / pp. 257-264 --- Crustal Xenoliths from Cape McCormick Crater, Northern Victoria Land / J. H. BERG and B. WU / pp. 265-272 --- Xenoliths from the Volcanic Province of West Antarctica and Implications for Lithospheric Structure and Processes / R. J. WYSOCZANSKI and J. A. GAMBLE / pp. 273-278 --- Geological and Geophysical Exploration in the Northern Ford Ranges, Maric Byrd Land, West Antarctica / B. P. LUYENDYK, S. M. RICHARD, C. H. SMITH and D. L. KIMBROUGH / pp. 279-288 --- Structure and Cooling History of the Fosdick Metamorphic Complex, Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica / S. M. RICHARD / pp. 289-294 --- Metapelites and Migmatites at the Granulite Facies Transition, Fosdick Metamorphic Complex, Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica / C. H. SMITH / pp. 295-302 --- 3. Syn- and Post-Breakup of Gondwana --- Mesozoic and Cenozoic Kinematic Evolution of the Transantarctic Mountains / T. J. WILSON / pp. 303-314 --- The West Antarctic Rift System—A Propagating Rift "Captured" by a Mantle Plume? / J. C. BEHRENDT, W. LEMASURIER and A. K. COOPER / pp. 315-322 --- Apatite Fission Track Evidence for Contrasting Thermal and Uplift Histories of Metamorphic Basement Blocks in Western Dronning Maud Land / J. JACOBS, E. HEJL, G. A. WAGNER and K. WEBER / pp. 323-330 --- Early Cretaceous Uplift of the Southern Sentinel. Range, Ellsworth Mountains, West Antarctica / P. G. FITZGERALD and E. STUMP / pp. 331-340 --- Petrologic Comparison of Palcozoic Rocks from the English Coast, Eastern Ellsworth Land, and the Ellsworth Mountains / T. S. LAUDON and C. CRADDOCK / pp. 341-346 --- Provenance of Paleocene Strata, Seymour Island / D. H. ELLIOT, S. M. HOFFMAN and D. E. RIESKE / pp. 347-356 --- Sedimentology of the Miers Bluff Formation, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands / A. ARCHE, J. LOPEZ-MARTINEZ and E. MARTINEZ DE PISON / pp. 357-362 --- Late Cretaceous and Eocene Palynofloras from Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (South Shetland Islands), Antarctica / L. CAO / pp. 363-370 --- Early Tertiary Palaeoclimate of King George Island, Antarctica—Evidence from the Fossil Hill Flora / H. M. LI / pp. 371-376 --- Modes of Formation and Accretion of Oceanic Material in the Mesozoic Fore-Arc of Central and Southern Alexander Island, Antarctica: A Summary / P. A. DOUBLEDAY and T. H. TRANTER / pp. 377-382 --- The Magmatic Complexes of the Rouen Mountains and Elgar Uplands from Alexander Island, Antarctic Peninsula: Geochemical Constraints / B. K. KAMENOV and C. T. PIMPIREV / pp. 383-394 --- Transverse Variations in the Gerlache Strait Plutonic Rocks: Effects of the Aluk Ridge-Trench Collision in the Northern Antarctic Peninsula / M. A. PARADA, J.-B. ORSINI and R. ARDILA / pp. 395-404 --- 4. Recent Tectonics of Antarctic Peninsula and Subantarctic Regions --- Evolution of the Bransfield Basin and Rift, West Antarctica / K. BIRKENMAJER / pp. 405-410 --- Uplift Movements King George Island Associated Bransfield Rift Activity / M. ARANEDA and O. GONZÁLEZ-FERRÁN / pp. 411-416 --- Geotransect Drake Passage - Weddell Sea, Antarctica / R. A. J. TROUW and L. A, P. GAMBÔA / pp. 417-422 --- Long-Range Sidescan Sonar (GLORIA) Survey of the Antarctic Peninsula Pacific Margin / J. S. TOMLINSON, C. J. PUDSEY, R. A. LIVERMORE, R. D. LARTER and P. F. BARKER / pp. 423-430 --- Marine Magnetic Anomalies in Bransfield Strait, Antarctica / Y. KIM, T. W. CHUNG and S. H. NAM / pp. 431-438 --- Geochronology and Geochemistry of the Igneous Rocks from Barton and Fildes Peninsulas, King George Island: A Review / Y.-J. JWA, B.-K. PARK and Y. KIM / pp. 439-442 --- Geophysical Features of Deception Island / R. ORTIZ, J. VILA, A. GARCIA, A. G. CAMACHO, J. L. DIEZ, A. APARICIO, R. SOTO, J. G. VIRAMONTE, C. RISSO, N. MENEGATTI and I. PETRINOVIC / pp. 443-448 --- Seismic Activity on Deception Island / J. VILA, R. ORTIZ, A. M. CORREIG, and A. GARCIA / pp. 449-456 --- The Zeolitisation Model of Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean / A. GIRET, O. VERDIER and P. NATIVEL / pp. 457-464 --- 5. Terrestrial Geophysics --- Regional Geophysical Imaging of the Antarctic Lithosphere / R. R. B. VON FRESE, D. E. ALSDORF, J-H. KIM, T. M. STEPP, D. R. H. O'CONNELL, K. J. HAYDEN and W-S. LI / pp. 465-474 --- Present Status of Seismic Network in Antarctica / K. KAMINUMA / pp. 475-482 --- Phase Velocity Distribution Beneath Antarctica and Surrounding Oceans / D. ROULAND and G. ROULT / pp. 483-488 --- Determination of the Gravity Field around Antarctica Using Satellite Altimeter Data and Surface Gravity Data —A Review of the Recent Studies— / Y. FUKUDA, J. SEGAWA and K. KAMINUMA / pp. 489-492 --- Intermittent Micro-Seismic Activity in the Vicinity of Syowa Station, East Antarctica / K. KAMINUMA and J. AKAMATSU / pp. 493-498 --- An Approach to the Seismicity of Mt. Melbourne Volcano (Northern Victoria Land—Antarctica) / E. PRIVITERA, L. VILLARI and S. GAMBINO / pp. 499-506 --- The Crustal Structure beneath Ice Stream C and Ridge BC, West Antarctica from Seismic Refraction and Gravity Measurements / C. G. MUNSON and C. R. BENTLEY / pp. 507-514 --- Numerical Modelling of Uplift and Subsidence Adjacent to the Transantarctic Mountain Front / T. A. STERN, U. S. TEN BRINK and M. H. P. BOTT / pp. 515-522 --- Gravity Study of the Mt. Melbourne Quadrangle and the Lower Rennick Glacier Area in North Victoria Land., Antarctica, and the Relation of the Rennick Graben Structure to Rifting Processes in the Ross Sea / J. KIENLE, T. F. REDFIELD and A. M. GOODLIFFE / pp. 523-534 --- Gravity Modeling Across the Transantarctic Mountains, Northern Victoria Land / T. F. REDFIELD and J. C. BEHRENDT / pp. 535-544 --- A Preliminary Aeromagnetic Anomaly Compilation Map for the Weddell Province of Antarctica / A. C. JOHNSON, N. D. ALESHKOVA, P. F. BARKER, A. V. GOLYNSKY, V. N. MASOLOV and A. M. SMITH / pp. 545-554 --- New Aeromagnetic Map of West Antarctica (Weddell Sea Sector): Introduction to Important Features / A. C. JOHNSON and A. M. SMITH / pp. 555-562 --- Ground Magnetics in North Victoria Land (East Antarctica) / E. BOZZO, A. COLLA and A. MELONI / pp. 563-570 --- Airborne Gravity from a Light Aircraft: CASERTZ 1990-1991 / R. E. BELL, B. J. COAKLEY, D. D. BLANKENSHIP, S. M. HODGE, J. M. BROZENA and J. JARVIS / pp. 571-578 --- Thinning Rate of Ice Sheet on Mizuho Plateau, East Antarctica, Determined by GPS Differential Positioning / H. TOH and K. SHIBUYA / pp. 579-584 --- The Geophysical Observatory at Terra Nova Bay / A. MELONI, A. DE SANTIS, A. MORELLI, P. PALANGIO, G. ROMEO, E. BOZZO and G. CANEVA / pp. 585-588 --- The Absolute Gravity Station and the Mt. Melbourne Gravity Network in Terra Nova Bay, North Victoria Land, East Antarctica / G. CERUTTI, F. ALASIA, A. GERMAK, E. BOZZO, G. CANEVA, R. LANZA and I. MARSON / pp. 589-564 --- Seismological Observations by a Three-Component Broadband Digital Seismograph at Syowa Station, Antarctica / K. NAGASAKA, K. KAMINUMA and K. SHIBUYA / pp. 595-602 --- 6. Marine Geology and Geophysics --- Preliminary Seismic Stratigraphy of the Northwestern Weddell Sea Continental Shelf / J. B. ANDERSON, S. S. SHIPP and F. P. SIRINGAN / pp. 603-612 --- Sequence Stratigraphy of the Crary Fan, Southeastern Weddell Sea / A. MOONS, M. DE BATIST, J. P. HENRIET H. MILLER / pp. 613-618 --- Modeling of Cenozoic Stratigraphy in the Ross Sea Using Sonobuoy Seismic-Refraction Data / G. R. COCHRANE and A. K. COOPER / pp. 619-626 --- Heat Flow and Tectonics of the Western Ross Sea / B. DELLA VEDOVA, G. PELLLS, L. A. LAWVER and G. BRANCOLINI / pp. 627-638 --- Tectonic Development of Graben over the Astrid Ridge off Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica / D. GOPALA RAO, M. V. RAMANA and K. V. L. N. S. SARMA / pp. 639-648 --- The Directions of Magnetic Anomaly Lineations in Enderby Basin, off Antarctica / Y. NOGI, N. SEAMA and N. ISEZAKI / pp. 649-654 --- International Offshore Studies on Antarctic Cenozoic History, Glaciation, and Sea-Level Change: The ANTOSTRAT Project / A. K. COOPER and P. N. WEBB / pp. 655-660 --- 7. Cenozoic Geology and Geornorphology --- Late Cenozoic Glacial History in the Sør -Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica / K. MORIWAKI, K. HIRAKAWA, M. HAYASHI and S. IWATA / pp. 661-668 --- Glaciation of the Central Part of the Sør Rondane, Antarctica: Glaciological Evidence / F. PATTYN, H. DECLEIR and P. HUYBRECHTS / pp. 669-678 --- Observations of Clayey Till and Underlying Glacier Ice in the Central Sør Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica / H. HASEGAWA, S. IWATA and N. MATSUOKA / pp. 679-682 --- Late Quaternary Ice-Surface Fluctuations of the Lambert Glacier / M. C. G. MABIN / pp. 683-688 --- Late Quaternary History of the Bunger Hills, East Antarctica / E. A. COLHOUN and D. A. ADAMSON / pp. 689-698 --- Late Neogene Sediments of Coastal East Antarctica —An Overview / P. G. QUILTY / pp. 699-706 --- Cenozoic Glacial Geology and Mountain Uplift in Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica / F. M. VAN DER WATEREN and A. L. L. M. VERBERS / pp. 707-714 --- A Glacio-Geological Reconnaissance of the Southern Prince Albert Mountains, Victoria Land, Antarctica / A. L. L. M. VERBERS and F. M. VAN DER WATEREN / pp. 715-720 --- Geomorphology of the Priestley Glacier to Campbell Glacier Transect Mapped by Aerial Photographs (Victoria Land - Antarctica) / A. BIASINI, O. FANUCCI and M. C. SALVATORE / pp. 721-726 --- Satellite Data Processing of Victoria Land / R. CASACCHIA, A. CAPRARO, M. POSCOLIERI, R. SALVATORI, R. BIANCHI and A. PICCHIOTTI / pp. 727-732 --- Fluctuations of Ice Tongues and Ice Shelves Derived from Satellite Images in Terra Nova Bay Area, Victoria Land, Antarctica / M. FREZZOTTI / pp. 733-740 --- The Last Major Deglaciation in the Antarctic Peninsula Region—A Review of Recent Swedish Quaternary Research— / C. HJORT, Ó. INGÓLFSSON and S. BJÖRCK / pp. 741-744 --- Permafrost Occurrence of Seymour Island and James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula Region / M. FUKUDA, J. STRELIN, K. SHIMOKAWA, N. TAKAHASHI, T. SONE and D. TROMBOTT / pp. 745-750 --- Geomorphology of Hurd Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands / J. LOPEZ-MARTINEZ, E. MARTINEZ DE PISON and A. ARCHE / pp. 751-756 --- Mechanical Weathering on Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica / K. J. HALL / pp. 757-762 --- Modeling the Bathymetry of the Antarctic Continental Shelf / U. S. TEN BRINK and A. K. COOPER / pp. 763-772 --- Cenozoic Glacial History of Antarctica—A Correlative Synthesis / K. MORIWAKI, Y. YOSHIDA and D. M. HARWOOD / pp. 773-780 --- Late Quaternary Environmental Changes in the Antarctic and their Correlation with Global Change / Q. S. ZHANG / pp. 781-786
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    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
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    Boston : Academic Press
    Keywords: DDC 515/.35 ; LC QA377 ; Differential equations ; Mathematical physics
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    Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland
    Keywords: DDC 511/.5 ; LC QA166.19 ; Eulerian graph theory
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    Keywords: DDC 512/.55 ; LC QA387 ; Lie groups ; Representations of groups
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    Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland
    Keywords: DDC 514/.24 ; LC QA612.7 ; Homotopy theory
    Description / Table of Contents: An expanded version of lectures given at the Scuola Matematica Interuniversitaria, in Perugia, during the summer of 1989
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    Boston : Academic Press
    Keywords: DDC 515/.223 ; LC QA331.5 ; Convex functions ; Inequalities (Mathematics)
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    Keywords: DDC 515/.35 ; LC QC20.7.D5 ; Differential equations - Numerical solutions - Congresses ; Mathematical physics - Congresses
    Description / Table of Contents: Selected papers presented at the International Conference on Differential Equations and Mathematical Physics
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    Boston : Academic Press
    Keywords: DDC 519.3 ; LC QA272 ; Differential games ; Mathematical optimization
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    Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland
    Keywords: DDC 514/.74 ; DDC 515/.352 s ; LC QA372 ; LC QA614eb ; Function spaces ; Global analysis (Mathematics) ; Manifolds (Mathematics) ; Singular perturbations (Mathematics)
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    Keywords: DDC 532/.05/0151535 ; LC QA379 ; Boundary value problems ; Fluid dynamics
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    Keywords: DDC 511.3/5 ; LC QA9.615 ; Recursive functions
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    Keywords: DDC 514/.32 ; LC QA611.23 ; Algebra, Boolean ; Stone-C?ech compactification
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    Keywords: DDC 530.1/24 ; LC QC174.26.W28 ; Mathematical physics ; Solitons - Mathematics
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    Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland
    Keywords: DDC 512/.2 ; LC QA176 ; Representations of groups
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    Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland
    Keywords: DDC 515/.353 ; LC QA372 ; Differential equations, Nonlinear - Numerical solutions
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    Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland
    Keywords: DDC 515/.7246 ; LC QA329.2 ; Composition operators ; Function spaces
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Keywords: fractals ; chaos ; geophysics ; geology
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Keywords: seismicity ; seismology
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Description / Table of Contents: ing within the downgoing plate, and appears to be assoeiated with segmentation of the subdueting plate produeed by forees related to the subduetion of the Louisville Ridge. To analyze fault plane heterogeneities in the northern Solomon Islands subdue­ tion segment and their association with rupture eharaeteristics in general and the existenee of earthquake doublets in partieular, Xv and SCHWARTZ study in detail two sets of doublets, from 1974 and 1975, and then reloeate 85 underthrusting events in the area. The authors find that few smaller magnitude events overlap asperity regions, and that the majority of small magnitude underthrusting earth­ quak es oeeupy a segment that has never experieneed a magnitude greater than 7.0 earthquake in the historie times. It will be of great value to soeiety when seismologists and geophysieists are able to monitor and prediet the pattern of geophysieal phenomena assoeiated with subduetion; this issue presents a modest step towards this goal. PAGEOPH, Vol. 140, No. 2 (1993) 0033 ~4553;93;020 183 ~ 28$1.50 + 0.20;0 © 1993 Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel Slip Partitioning along Major Convergent Plate Boundaries 2 GUANG YU,l STEVEN G. WESNOUSKY,l and GÖRAN EKSTRÖM Abstract-Along plate boundaries characterized by oblique convergence, earthquake slip vectors are commonly rotated toward the normal of the trench with respect to predicted plate motion vectors. Consequently, relative plate motion along such convergent margins must be partitioned between displacements along the thrust plate interface and deformation within the foreare and back-are regions.
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Keywords: minerals ; rock physics ; sediments ; rock lithology
    Description / Table of Contents: Knowledge of the relation between sonic velocity in sediments and rock lithology is one of the keys to interpreting data from seismic sections or from acoustic logs of sedimentary sequences. Reliable correlations of rock velocity with other petrophysical parameters, such as porosity or density, are essential for calculating impedance models for synthetic seismic sections (BIDDLE et al. , 1992; CAMPBELL and STAFLEU, 1992) or identifying the origin of reflectivity on seismic lines (SELLAMI et al. , 1990; CHRISTENSEN and SZYMANSKI, 1991). Velocity is thus an important parameter for correlating lithological with geophysical data. Recent studies have increased our understanding of elastic rock properties in siliciclastic or shaly sediments. The causes for variations in velocity have been investigated for siliciclastic rocks (VERNIK and NUR, 1992), mixed carbonate siliciclastic sediments (CHRISTENSEN and SZYMANSKI, 1991), synthetic sand-clay mixtures (MARION et aI. , 1992) or claystones (JAPSEN, 1993). The concepts derived from these studies are however only partly applicable in pure carbonates. Carbon­ ates do not have large compositional variations that are, as is the case in the other sedimentary rocks, responsible for velocity contrasts. Pure carbonates are character­ ized by the lack of any clay or siliciclastic content, but are mostly produced and deposited on the top or on the slope of isolated or detached carbonate platforms, that have no hinterland as a source of terrigeneous material (WILSON, 1975; EBERLI, 1991).
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Pages: Online-Ressource (90 Seiten)
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Description / Table of Contents: The 1957 great Aleutian earthquake.- The rupture process and tectonic implications of the great 1964 Prince William Sound earthquake.- Coseismic slip in the 1964 Prince William Sound earthquake A new geodetic inversion.- Seismicity trends and potential for large earthquakes in the Alaska-Aleutian region.- Rupture process of large earthquakes in the northern Mexico subduction zone.- Global variability in subduction thrust zone-forearc systems.- Large thrust earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
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    London : The Geological Society
    Keywords: Vulkanismus ; Platte (Geologie) ; Plattentektonik ; Activité volcanique - Pacifique, Région du ; Marges continentales - Pacifique, Océan ; Plate tectonics ; Subduction zones ; Tectonique des plaques - Pacifique, Région du ; Volcanism
    Description / Table of Contents: J. L. Smellie: Volcanism associated with extension at consuming plate margins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:1, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.01 --- Tectonics and Magmatism --- Warren B. Hamilton: Subduction systems and magmatism / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:3-28, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.02 --- Oceanic Arc Systems --- Peter D. Clift and ODP Leg 135 Scientific Party: Volcanism and sedimentation in a rifting island-arc terrain: an example from Tonga, SW Pacific / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:29-51, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.03 --- Julian A. Pearce, Michelle Ernewein, Sherman H. Bloomer, Lindsay M. Parson, Bramley J. Murton, and Lynn E. Johnson: Geochemistry of Lau Basin volcanic rocks: influence of ridge segmentation and arc proximity / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:53-75, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.04 --- Ulrich Knittel and Oles Dietmar: Basaltic volcanism associated with extensional tectonics in the Taiwan-Luzon island arc: evidence for non-depleted sources and subduction zone enrichment / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:77-93, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.05 --- M. R. Wharton, B. Hathway, and H. Colley: Volcanism associated with extension in an Oligocene—Miocene arc, southwestern Viti Levu, Fiji / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:95-114, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.06 --- Rex N. Taylor and Robert W. Nesbitt: Arc volcanism in an extensional regime at the initiation of subduction: a geochemical study of Hahajima, Bonin Islands, Japan / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:115-134, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.07 --- C. Picard, M. Monzier, J.-P. Eissen, and C. Robin: Concomitant evolution of tectonic environment and magma geochemistry, Ambrym volcano (Vanuatu, New Hebrides arc) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:135-154, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.08 --- J. C. Aitchison and P. G. Flood: Gamilaroi Terrane: A Devonian rifted intra-oceanic island-arc assemblage, NSW, Australia. / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:155-168, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.09 --- Continental Margin Arcs --- André Pouclet, Jin-Soo Lee, Philippe Vidal, Brian Cousens, and Hervé Bellon: Cretaceous to Cenozoic volcanism in South Korea and in the Sea of Japan: magmatic constraints on the opening of the back-arc basin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:169-191, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.10 --- J. A. Gamble, I. C. Wright, J. D. Woodhead, and M. T. McCulloch: Arc and back-arc geochemistry in the southern Kermadec arc-Ngatoro Basin and offshore Taupo Volcanic Zone, SW Pacific / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:193-212, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.11 --- G. Pe-Piper, D. J. W. Piper, C. N. Kotopouli, and A. G. Panagos: Neogene volcanoes of Chios, Greece: the relative importance of subduction and back-arc extension / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:213-231, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.12 --- Nicholas Petford and Michael P. Atherton: Cretaceous-Tertiary volcanism and syn-subduction crustal extension in northern central Peru / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:233-248, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.13 --- Pavel Kepezhinskas: Diverse shoshonite magma series in the Kamchatka Arc: relationships between intra-arc extension and composition of alkaline magmas / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:249-264, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.14 --- M. J. Hole, A. D. Saunders, G. Rogers, and M. A. Sykes: The relationship between alkaline magmatism, lithospheric extension and slab window formation along continental destructive plate margins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 81:265-285, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.081.01.15
    Pages: Online-Ressource (293 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 1897799179
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  • 51
    Keywords: Bewertung ; Mineralischer Rohstoff ; Prospektion ; Minerale
    Description / Table of Contents: Definitions --- G. P. Riddler: What is a mineral resource? / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:1-10, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.01 --- M. G. Armitage and M. F. A. Potts: Some comments on the classification of resources and reserves / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:11-16, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.02 --- Z. Jakubiak and T. Smakowski: Classification of mineral reserves in the former Comecon countries / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:17-28, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.03 --- Data --- P. D. Gribble: Fault interpretation from coal exploration borehole data using SURPAC2 software / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:29-35, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.04 --- W. Hatton: INTMOV: a program for the interactive analysis of spatial data / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:37-43, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.05 --- C. P. Nathanail: Reserve assessment of a stratified deposit with special reference to opencast coal mining in Great Britain / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:45-52, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.06 --- Deposit variability --- A. J. G. Notholt: Phosphate rock: factors in economic and technical evaluation / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:53-65, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.07 --- T. M. Bell and M. K. G. Whateley: Evaluation of grade estimation techniques / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:67-86, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.08 --- P. A. Dowd: Optimal open pit design: sensitivity to estimated block values / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:87-94, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.09 --- M. J. Scoble and A. Moss: Dilution in underground bulk mining: implications for production management / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:95-108, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.10 --- E. J. Sides: Quantifying differences between computer models of orebody shapes / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:109-121, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.11 --- Finance --- Patrick Gorman: A review and evaluation of the costs of exploration, acquisition and development of copper and gold projects in Chile / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:123-128, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.12 --- J. O’Leary: Mining project finance and the assessment of ore reserves / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:129-139, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.13 --- Case histories --- P. A. Dowd: The optimal design of quarries / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:141-155, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.14 --- S. Al-Hassan and A. E. Annels: Geostatistical estimation of manganese oxide resources at the Nsuta Mine / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:157-169, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.15 --- A. E. Annels, S. Ingram, and L. Malmstrom: Structural reconstruction and mineral resource evaluation at Zinkgruvan Mine, Sweden / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:171-189, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.16 --- J. Arthur and A. E. Annels: The application of geostatistical techniques to in situ resource estimation in the sand and gravel industry / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:191-205, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.17 --- R. I. Cameron and H. Middlemis: Computer modelling of dewatering a major open pit mine: case study from Nevada, USA / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:207-217, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.18 --- L. A. Crump and R. Donnelly: Opencast coal mining: a unique opportunity for Clee Hill Quarry / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:219-232, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.19 --- J. Barry, J. Guard, and G. Walton: Database management at the Lisheen deposit, Co. Tipperary, Ireland / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:233-239, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.20 --- C. J. Mitchell: Laboratory evaluation of kaolin: a case study from Zambia / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:241-247, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.21 --- J. O’Leary: Cia Minera Los Pelambres: a project history / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 79:249-263, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.079.01.22
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VIII, 271 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 1897799063
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  • 52
    Keywords: Sedimentationsbecken ; Fluid ; Geology and Palaeontology ; Sedimentgesteine ; Grundwasser ; Agua (recursos hidricos) ; Fluid dynamics ; Fluids ; Groundwater ; Hydrogeology ; Migration ; Sedimentary basins ; Sedimentologia
    Description / Table of Contents: John Parnell: Geofluids: introduction / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:vii-ix, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.01 --- W.S. Fyfe: The water inventory of the Earth: fluids and tectonics / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:1-7, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.02 --- Large-Scale Fluid Flow --- R. Van Balen and S. Cloetingh: Tectonic control of the sedimentary record and stress-induced fluid flow: constraints from basin modelling / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:9-26, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.03 --- David Deming: Fluid flow and heat transport in the upper continental crust / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:27-42, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.04 --- Alan M. Jessop and Jacek A. Majorowicz: Fluid flow and heat transfer in sedimentary basins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:43-54, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.05 --- G. Neil Phillips, Patrick J. Williams, and Geoffrey De Jong: The nature of metamorphic fluids and significance for metal exploration / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:55-68, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.06 --- Deformation and Fluid Flow --- Richard H. Sibson: Crustal stress, faulting and fluid flow / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:69-84, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.07 --- R. Muir Wood: Earthquakes, strain-cycling and the mobilization of fluids / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:85-98, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.08 --- R.J. Knipe and A.M. McCaig: Microstructural and microchemical consequences of fluid flow in deforming rocks / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:99-111, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.09 --- E.L. Stephenson, A.J. Maltman, and R.J. Knipe: Fluid flow in actively deforming sediments: ‘dynamic permeability’ in accretionary prisms / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:113-125, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.10 --- Fluid Flow and Reservoir Evolution --- Knut Bjørlykke: Fluid-flow processes and diagenesis in sedimentary basins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:127-140, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.11 --- P.S. Ringrose and P.W.M. Corbett: Controls on two-phase fluid flow in heterogeneous sandstones / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:141-150, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.12 --- Fluid Chemistry; Metal-Organic Interactions --- Jeffrey S. Hanor: Origin of saline fluids in sedimentary basins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:151-174, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.13 --- Thomas H. Giordano and Yousif K. Kharaka: Organic ligand distribution and speciation in sedimentary basin brines, diagenetic fluids and related ore solutions / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:175-202, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.14 --- Royston H. Filby: Origin and nature of trace element species in crude oils, bitumens and kerogens: implications for correlation and other geochemical studies / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:203-219, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.15 --- Keith Nicholson: Fluid chemistry and hydrological regimes in geothermal systems: a possible link between gold-depositing and hydrocarbon-bearing aqueous systems / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:221-232, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.16 --- Fluid Evolution: Migration and Precipitation of Hydrocarbons and Metals --- Ulrich Mann: An integrated approach to the study of primary petroleum migration / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:233-260, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.17 --- Bernd R.T. Simoneit: Organic matter alteration and fluid migration in hydrothermal systems / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:261-274, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.18 --- John Parnell: Hydrocarbons and other fluids: paragenesis, interactions and exploration potential inferred from petrographic studies / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:275-291, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.19 --- Anthony D. Fowler: The role of geopressure zones in the formation of hydrothermal Pb-Zn Mississippi Valley type mineralization in sedimentary basins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:293-300, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.20 --- R. Metcalfe, C.A. Rochelle, D. Savage, and J.W. Higgo: Fluid-rock interactions during continental red bed diagenesis: implications for theoretical models of mineralization in sedimentary basins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:301-324, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.21 --- Tracers of Fluid Evolution --- I.R. Duddy, P.F. Green, R.J. Bray, and K.A. Hegarty: Recognition of the thermal effects of fluid flow in sedimentary basins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:325-345, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.22 --- C.J. Ballentine and R.K. O’nions: The use of natural He, Ne and Ar isotopes to study hydrocarbon-related fluid provenance, migration and mass balance in sedimentary basins / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 78:347-361, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.23
    Pages: Online-Ressource (IX, 372 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 1897799050
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  • 53
    Keywords: Sedimentologie ; Sedimentgesteine ; Sedimentary rocks ; Petrogenesis
    Description / Table of Contents: P. D. W. Haughton, S. P. Todd, and A. C. Morton: Sedimentary provenance studies / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:1-11, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.01 --- P. Allen: Provenance research: Torridonian and Wealden / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:13-21, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.02 --- Gian Gaspare Zuffa: On the use of turbidite arenites in provenance studies: critical remarks / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:23-29, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.03 --- Andrew C. Morton: Geochemical studies of detrital heavy minerals and their application to provenance research / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:31-45, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.04 --- Amparo Tortosa, Marta Palomares, and José Arribas: Quartz grain types in Holocene deposits from the Spanish Central System: some problems in provenance analysis / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:47-54, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.05 --- Abhijit Basu and Emanuela Molinaroli: Reliability and application of detrital opaque Fe-Ti oxide minerals in provenance determination / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:55-65, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.06 --- Anthony J. Hurford and Andrew Carter: The role of fission track dating in discrimination of provenance / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:67-78, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.07 --- D. J. Batten: Reworking of plant microfossils and sedimentary provenance / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:79-90, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.08 --- Michael A. Velbel and Mounir K. Saad: Palaeoweathering or diagenesis as the principal modifier of sandstone framework composition? A case study from some Triassic rift-valley redbeds of eastern North America / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:91-99, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.09 --- A. E. Milodowski and J. A. Zalasiewicz: Redistribution of rare earth elements during diagenesis of turbidite/hemipelagite mudrock sequences of Llandovery age from central Wales / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:101-124, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.10 --- R. Valloni, D. Lazzari, and M. A. Calzolari: Selective alteration of arkose framework in Oligo-Miocene turbidites of the Northern Apennines foreland: impact on sedimentary provenance analysis / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:125-136, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.11 --- R. A. Cliff, S. E. Drewery, and M. R. Leeder: Sourcelands for the Carboniferous Pennine river system: constraints from sedimentary evidence and U-Pb geochronology using zircon and monazite / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:137-159, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.12 --- Jane A. Evans, Philip Stone, and James D. Floyd: Isotopic characteristics of Ordovician greywacke provenance in the Southern Uplands of Scotland / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:161-172, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.13 --- P. A. Floyd, R. Shail, B. E. Leveridge, and W. Franke: Geochemistry and provenance of Rhenohercynian synorogenic sandstones: implications for tectonic environment discrimination / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:173-188, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.14 --- Christopher M. Gerrard: Sedimentary petrology and the archaeologist: the study of ancient ceramics / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:189-197, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.15 --- John R. Graham, John P. Wrafter, Stephen Daly, and Julian F. Menuge: A local source for the Ordovician Derryveeny Formation, western Ireland: implications for the Connemara Dalradian / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:199-213, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.16 --- T. McCann: Petrological and geochemical determination of provenance in the southern Welsh Basin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:215-230, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.17 --- Duncan Pirrie: Controls on the petrographic evolution of an active margin sedimentary sequence: the Larsen Basin, Antarctica / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:231-249, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.18 --- Bernard Humphreys, Andrew C. Morton, Claire R. Hallsworth, Robert W. Gatliff, and James B. Riding: An integrated approach to provenance studies: a case example from the Upper Jurassic of the Central Graben, North Sea / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:251-262, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.19 --- José Arribas and M. Eugenia Arribas: Petrographic evidence of different provenance in two alluvial fan systems (Palaeogene of the northern Tajo Basin, Spain) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:263-271, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.20 --- I. R. Garden: Changes in the provenance of pebbly detritus in southern Britain and northern France associated with basin rifting / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:273-289, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.21 --- Gary Nichols, Kusnama, and Robert Hall: Sandstones of arc and ophiolite provenance in backarc basin, Halmahera, eastern Indonesia / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:291-303, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.22 --- Peter A. Cawood: Nature and record of igneous activity in the Tonga arc, SW Pacific, deduced from the phase chemistry of derived detrital grains / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:305-321, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.23 --- Martin J. Evans and Maria A. Mange-Rajetzky: The provenance of sediments in the Barrême thrust-top basin, Haute-Provence, France / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:323-342, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.24 --- Simon J. Cuthbert: Evolution of the Devonian Hornelen Basin, west Norway: new constraints from petrological studies of metamorphic clasts / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 57:343-360, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1991.057.01.25
    Pages: Online-Ressource (370 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 0903317567
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  • 54
    Keywords: Felsmechanik ; Deformation ; Gebirgsmechanik ; Gestein ; Rheologie ; Tektonik
    Description / Table of Contents: Role of Fluids in Rock Deformation --- N. L. Carter, A. K. Kronenberg, J. V. Ross, and D. V. Wiltschko: Control of fluids on deformation of rocks / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:1-13, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.01 --- Richard H. Sibson: Conditions for fault-valve behaviour / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:15-28, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.02 --- James P. Evans: Textures, deformation mechanisms, and the role of fluids in the cataclastic deformation of granitic rocks / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:29-39, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.03 --- Fracture and Faulting --- Susan M. Agar: Fracture evolution in the upper ocean crust: evidence from DSDP hole 504B / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:41-50, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.04 --- Martin Casey and Gilles Wust: The calculation of bulk rheologies of structured materials and its application to brittle failure in shear / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:51-55, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.05 --- S. J. D. Cox and L. Paterson: Damage development during rupture of heterogeneous brittle materials: a numerical study / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:57-62, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.06 --- S. J. D. Cox: Velocity-dependent friction in a large direct shear experiment on gabbro / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:63-70, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.07 --- Susan J. Hippler and Robert J. Knipe: The evolution of cataclastic fault rocks from a pre-existing mylonite / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:71-79, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.08 --- Ian G. Main, Philip G. Meredith, Peter R. Sammonds, and Colin Jones: Influence of fractal flaw distributions on rock deformation in the brittle field / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:81-96, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.09 --- G. Zulauf, G. Kleinschmidt, and O. Oncken: Brittle deformation and graphitic cataclasites in the pilot research well KTB-VB (Oberpfalz, FRG) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:97-103, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.10 --- Iain S. Stewart and Paul L. Hancock: Brecciation and fracturing within neotectonic normal fault zones in the Aegean region / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:105-110, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.11 --- Teng-Fong Wong: Mechanical compaction and the brittle—ductile transition in porous sandstones / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:111-122, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.12 --- Instabilities and Localization --- Russell K. Davies and Raymond C. Fletcher: Shear bands in a plastic layer at yield under combined shortening and shear: a model for the fault array in a duplex / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:123-131, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.13 --- H. W. Green II and P. C. Burnley: The failure mechanism for deep-focus earthquakes / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:133-141, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.14 --- B. E. Hobbs, H.-B. Mühlhaus, and A. Ord: Instability, softening and localization of deformation / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:143-165, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.15 --- Eva M. Klaper: Reaction-enhanced formation of eclogite-facies shear zones in granulite-facies anorthosites / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:167-173, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.16 --- David L. Olgaard: The role of second phase in localizing deformation / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:175-181, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.17 --- A. Ord: Mechanical controls on dilatant shear zones / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:183-192, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.18 --- E. Carrio-Schaffhauser, S. Raynaud, H. J. Latière, and F. Mazerolle: Propagation and localization of stylolites in limestones / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:193-199, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.19 --- Flow Mechanisms and Flow Laws --- R. C. M. W. Franssen and C. J. Spiers: Deformation of polycrystalline salt in compression and in shear at 250–350°C / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:201-213, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.20 --- C. J. Spiers, P. M. T. M. Schutjens, R. H. Brzesowsky, C. J. Peach, J. L. Liezenberg, and H. J. Zwart: Experimental determination of constitutive parameters governing creep of rocksalt by pressure solution / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:215-227, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.21 --- Jane A. Gilotti and Joseph M. Hull: Phenomenological superplasticity in rocks / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:229-240, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.22 --- Martin Burkhard: Ductile deformation mechanisms in micritic limestones naturally deformed at low temperatures (150–350°C) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:241-257, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.23 --- A. N. Walker, E. H. Rutter, and K. H. Brodie: Experimental study of grain-size sensitive flow of synthetic, hot-pressed calcite rocks / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:259-284, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.24 --- J. H. P. De Bresser and C. J. Spiers: High-temperature deformation of calcite single crystals by r+ and f+ slip / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:285-298, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.25 --- M. S. Paterson and F. C. Luan: Quartzite rheology under geological conditions / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:299-307, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.26 --- David J. Prior, Robert J. Knipe, and Mark R. Handy: Estimates of the rates of microstructural changes in mylonites / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:309-319, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.27 --- Werner Skrotzki: Microstructure in hornblende of a mylonitic amphibolite / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:321-325, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.28 --- Joseph Clancy White: Albite deformation within a basal ophiolite shear zone / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:327-333, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.29 --- Rock Fabrics --- R.D. Law: Crystallographic fabrics: a selective review of their applications to research in structural geology / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:335-352, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.30 --- M. W. Jessell and G. S. Lister: A simulation of the temperature dependence of quartz fabrics / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:353-362, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.31 --- Jin-Han Ree: High temperature deformation of octachloropropane: dynamic grain growth and lattice reorientation / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:363-368, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.32 --- Niels Ø. Olesen and Niels-Henrik Schmidt: The SEM/ECP technique applied on twinned quartz crystals / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:369-373, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.33 --- H. Schaeben, H. Siemes, S. Höfler, and G. Will: Practical application of entropy optimization in quantitative texture analysis / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:375-381, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.34 --- Deformation of Weak Sediments --- Daniel E. Karig: Experimental and observational constraints on the mechanical behaviour in the toes of accretionary prisms / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:383-398, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.35 --- N. A. Yassir: The undrained shear behaviour of fine-grained sediments / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:399-404, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.36 --- P.A.R. Nell: Deformation in an accretionary melange, Alexander Island, Antarctica / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:405-416, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.37 --- Kevin T. Pickering, Susan M. Agar, and David J. Prior: Vein structure and the role of pore fluids in early wet-sediment deformation, Late Miocene volcaniclastic rocks, Miura Group, SE Japan / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:417-430, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.38 --- Experimental Modelling Using Analogue Materials --- Shumin Liu and John M. Dixon: Centrifuge modelling of thrust faulting: strain partitioning and sequence of thrusting in duplex structures / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:431-444, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.39 --- K. R. McClay: Deformation mechanics in analogue models of extensional fault systems / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:445-453, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.40 --- C. J. L. Wilson and Thomas M. Will: Slickenside lineations due to ductile processes / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:455-460, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.41 --- Deformation Mechanisms and Tectonics --- J. P. Gratier and J. F. Gamond: Transition between seismic and aseismic deformation in the upper crust / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:461-473, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.42 --- Massimo Coli and Federico Sani: Vein distribution in a thrust zone: a case history from the Northern Apennines, Italy / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:475-482, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.43 --- Federico Sani: Extensional veins and shear joint development in a thrust-fold zone (Northern Apennines, Italy) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:483-490, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.44 --- Robert E. Holdsworth and Colin J. Grant: Convergence-related ‘dynamic spreading’ in a mid-crustal ductile thrust zone: a possible orogenic wedge model / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:491-500, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.45 --- J. E. Iliffe, I. Lerche, and K. Nakayama: Structural implications of compactional strain caused by fault block rotation: evidence from two-dimensional numerical analogues / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:501-507, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.46 --- J. L. Urai, R. D. Schuiling, and J. B. H. Jansen: Alpine deformation on Naxos (Greece) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 54:509-522, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.054.01.47
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XV, 535 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 0903317583
    Language: English
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  • 55
    Keywords: Marine Geologie ; Sedimentation ; Meer ; Treibeis ; Glaziales Sediment ; Meeressediment ; Meereis ; Sediment ; Sedimenttransport
    Description / Table of Contents: Julian A. Dowdeswell and James D. Scourse: On the description and modelling of glacimarine sediments and sedimentation / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:1-13, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.01 --- G. S. Boulton: Sedimentary and sea level changes during glacial cycles and their control on glacimarine facies architecture / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:15-52, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.02 --- Ross D. Powell: Glacimarine processes at grounding-line fans and their growth to ice-contact deltas / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:53-73, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.03 --- Ellen A. Cowan and Ross D. Powell: Suspended sediment transport and deposition of cyclically interlaminated sediment in a temperate glacial fjord, Alaska, U.S.A. / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:75-89, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.04 --- Eugene W. Domack: Laminated terrigenous sediments from the Antarctic Peninsula: the role of subglacial and marine processes / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:91-103, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.05 --- Robert Gilbert: Rafting in glacimarine environments / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:105-120, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.06 --- Julian A. Dowdeswell and Tavi Murray: Modelling rates of sedimentation from icebergs / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:121-137, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.07 --- Paul R. Carlson, Terry R. Bruns, and Michael A. Fisher: Development of slope valleys in the glacimarine environment of a complex subduction zone, Northern Gulf of Alaska / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:139-153, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.08 --- Alec E. Aitken: Fossilization potential of Arctic fjord and continental shelf benthic macrofaunas / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:155-176, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.09 --- James P. M. Syvitski, K. William G. LeBlanc, and R. E. Cranston: The flux and preservation of organic carbon in Baffin Island fjords / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:177-199, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.10 --- Ian J. Fairchild and Baruch Spiro: Carbonate minerals in glacial sediments: geochemical clues to palaeoenvironment / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:201-216, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.11 --- C. M. T. Woodworth-Lynas and J. Y. Guigné: Iceberg scours in the geological record: examples from glacial Lake Agassiz / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:217-233, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.12 --- Jens Bischof, Joachim Koch, Michaela Kubisch, Robert F. Spielhagen, and Jörn Thiede: Nordic Seas surface ice drift reconstructions: evidence from ice rafted coal fragments during oxygen isotope stage 6 / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:235-251, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.13 --- Anders Solheim, Lars Russwurm, Anders Elverhøi, and Mona Nyland Berg: Glacial geomorphic features in the northern Barents Sea: direct evidence for grounded ice and implications for the pattern of deglaciation and late glacial sedimentation / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:253-268, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.14 --- Tore O. Vorren, Erland Lebesbye, and Kjell B. Larsen: Geometry and genesis of the glacigenic sediments in the southern Barents Sea / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:269-288, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.15 --- D. Huddart and J. D. Peacock: Early Holocene morainal bank sedimentology and marine ecology, Skjoldungebrae gorge, North Scoresby Land, East Greenland / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:289-305, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.16 --- Rodney L. Stevens: Proximal and distal glacimarine deposits in southwestern Sweden: contrasts in sedimentation / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:307-316, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.17 --- A. R. Lord: The Pleistocene—Holocene transition in Southwestern Sweden and the recognition of deglaciation effects in adjacent seas / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:317-328, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.18 --- J. D. Scourse, W. E. N. Austin, R. M. Bateman, J. A. Catt, C. D. R. Evans, J. E. Robinson, and J. R. Young: Sedimentology and micropalaeontology of glacimarine sediments from the Central and Southwestern Celtic Sea / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:329-347, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.19 --- M. S. Stoker: Glacially-influenced sedimentation on the Hebridean slope, northwestern United Kingdom continental margin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:349-362, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.20 --- Carolyn H. Eyles and Martin B. Lagoe: Sedimentation patterns and facies geometries on a temperate glacially-influenced continental shelf: the Yakataga Formation, Middleton Island, Alaska / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:363-386, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.21 --- A. C. M. Moncrieff and M. J. Hambrey: Marginal-marine glacial sedimentation in the late Precambrian succession of East Greenland / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 53:387-410, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.053.01.22
    Pages: Online-Ressource (423 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 0903317540
    Language: English
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  • 56
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    London : The Geological Society
    Keywords: Phosphorit ; Phosphoritlagerstätte ; Depositos Minerais (Amostragem) ; Mineralogia ; Phosphate rock ; Recursos Minerais Ou Geologia Economica
    Description / Table of Contents: A. J. G. Notholt and I. Jarvis: Preface / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:v-viii, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.01 --- P. J. Cook, J. H. Shergold, W. C. Burnett, and S. R. Riggs: Phosphorite research: a historical overview / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:1-22, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.02 --- G. H. McClellan and S. J. Van Kauwenbergh: Mineralogy of sedimentary apatites / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:23-31, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.03 --- Jacques Lucas, El Mâti El Faleh, and Liliane Prevot: Experimental study of the substitution of Ca by Sr and Ba in synthetic apatites / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:33-47, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.04 --- Y. Nathan: Humic substances in phosphorites: occurrence, characterization and significance / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:49-58, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.05 --- G. W. O’Brien, A. R. Milnes, H. H. Veeh, D. T. Heggie, S. R. Riggs, D. J. Cullen, J. F. Marshall, and P. J. Cook: Sedimentation dynamics and redox iron-cycling: controlling factors for the apatite—glauconite association on the East Australian continental margin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:61-86, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.06 --- D. T. Heggie, G. W. Skyring, G. W. O’Brien, C. Reimers, A. Herczeg, D. J. W. Moriarty, W. C. Burnett, and A. R. Milnes: Organic carbon cycling and modern phosphorite formation on the East Australian continental margin: an overview / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:87-117, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.07 --- J. M. McArthur and A. Herczeg: Diagenetic stability of the isotopic composition of phosphate-oxygen: palaeoenvironmental implications / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:119-124, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.08 --- Peter S. Balson: Episodes of phosphogenesis and phosphorite concretion formation in the North Sea Tertiary / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:125-137, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.09 --- S. J. Van Kauwenbergh and G. H McClellan: Comparative geology and mineralogy of the southeastern United States and Togo phosphorites / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:139-155, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.10 --- Michel Lamboy: Microbial mediation in phosphatogenesis: new data from the Cretaceous phosphatic chalks of northern France / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:157-167, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.11 --- Zeev Lewy: Pebbly phosphate and granular phosphorite (Late Cretaceous, southern Israel) and their bearing on phosphatization processes / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:169-178, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.12 --- Y. Nathan, D. Soudry, and A. Avigour: Geological significance of carbonate substitution in apatites: Israeli phosphorites as an example / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:179-191, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.13 --- Abdulkader M. Abed and Khalid Fakhouri: Role of microbial processes in the genesis of Jordanian Upper Cretaceous phosphorites / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:193-203, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.14 --- Craig R. Glenn: Depositional sequences of the Duwi, Sibâîya and Phosphate Formations, Egypt: phosphogenesis and glauconitization in a Late Cretaceous epeiric sea / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:205-222, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.15 --- Yu. N. Zanin, K. V. Zverev, and E. P. Solotchina: Clay minerals and phosphorite genesis in the Upper Cretaceous of the northern Siberian Platform / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:223-235, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.16 --- Karl B. Föllmi: Condensation and phosphogenesis: example of the Helvetic mid-Cretaceous (northern Tethyan margin) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:237-252, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.17 --- A. V. Ilyin and H. N. Heinsalu: Early Ordovician shelly phosphorites of the Baltic Phosphate Basin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:253-259, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.18 --- Peter F. Howard: The distribution of phosphatic facies in the Georgina, Wiso and Daly River Basins, Northern Australia / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:261-272, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.19 --- T. H. Donnelly, J. H. Shergold, P. N. Southgate, and C. J. Barnes: Events leading to global phosphogenesis around the Proterozoic/Cambrian boundary / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:273-287, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.20 --- M. D. Brasier: Phosphogenic events and skeletal preservation across the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary interval / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:289-303, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.21 --- R. Choudhuri: Two decades of phosphorite investigations in India / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:305-311, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.22 --- M. S. Sisodia and D. S. Chauhan: The influence of magnesium ions during the formation of stromatolitic phosphorites of Udaipur, Rajasthan, India / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 52:313-320, doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.052.01.23
    Pages: Online-Ressource (IX, 326 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    ISBN: 0903317532
    Language: English
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  • 57
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    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Keywords: Racter ; information system ; knowledge ; knowledge base ; model ; qualitative inference ; robot
    Description / Table of Contents: This book develops, for the first time, a qualitative model for the representation of spatial knowledge based only on locative relations between the objects involved. The core of this book is devoted to the study of qualitative inference methods that take into account the rich structure of space. These methods can be applied to quite a number of areas characterized by uncertain or incomplete knowledge, as for example geographic information systems, robot control, computer-aided architectural design, and natural language information systems.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XII, 208 pages)
    ISBN: 9783540484257
    Language: English
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  • 58
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    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Keywords: Bewegungsanalyse ; Bildfolgen ; Bildverarbeitung ; Image Sequences ; Motion Analysis ; Processing ; Raum-Zeit Bilder ; Space-Time Images ; computer vision ; image processing ; linear optimization
    Description / Table of Contents: Image sequence processing is becoming a tremendous tool to analyze spatio-temporal data in all areas of natural science. It is the key to studythe dynamics of of complex scientific phenomena. Methods from computer science and the field of application are merged establishing new interdisciplinary research areas. This monograph emerged from scientific applications and thus is an example for such an interdisciplinaryapproach. It is addressed both to computer scientists and to researchers from other fields who are applying methods of computer vision. The results presented are mostly from environmental physics (oceanography) but they will be illuminating and helpful for researchers applying similar methods in other areas.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIV, 214 pages)
    ISBN: 9783540481454
    Language: English
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  • 59
    Keywords: GIS ; Geoinformationssysteme ; database ; databases ; geographic data ; information system ; knowledge engineering ; modeling ; topology
    Description / Table of Contents: The Third International Symposium on Large Spatial Databases (SSD '93) was held at the National University of Singapore in June 1993. The previous meetings of the series were at Sanata Barbara (1989) and Zurich (1991). The meetings are planned as a forum for researchers and practitioners specializing in database theory for and advanced applications of Spatial Information Systems. This volume constitutes the proceedings of the symposium. It contains 25 selected papersand three keynotes papers: "Spatial data management in database systems: research directions" (W. Kim), "From extensible databases to interoperability between multiple databases and GIS applications" (H.-J. Schek), and "The SEQUOIA 2000 project" (M. Stonebraker). The selectedpapers are collected into sections on: data modeling, spatial indexing, indexing mechanisms, handling of raster and vector data, spatial database systems, topology, storage management, query retrieval,knowledge engineering in SDS, and 3-dimensional data handling.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XV, 537 pages)
    ISBN: 9783540477655
    Language: English
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  • 60
    Keywords: Block Diagram ; Heirarchical Models ; State Space Models ; climate ; climate change ; climatology ; global climate change ; greenhouse effect ; system theory ; systems modelling
    Description / Table of Contents: This book bridges the gap between system theory and global climate change research, and benefits both. A representative set of systems problems is listed indicating how such cross-fertilization would enhance present understanding of global problems while assisting the extension of systems theory. The goal is a comprehensive conceptual model of global change which encompasses atmosphere, lithosphere, ocean, biosphere and cryosphere. The systems model is developed in two steps using a "block diagram" approach. First, causality flows among principal components are identified and a block diagram representation is constructed. Second, mathematical description of the mappings represented by the blocks is derived from the physical principles and known disciplinary models. The generation of the complete block diagram is believed to be the first of its kind. A number of helpful features characterize the book. Chapter 1 provides the basic framework and organization of the book. Chapter 2 is a primer to global climate systems for the reader unfamiliar with the subject of the scientific aspects of global warning. A list of notation in Appendix B, a glossary of global climate change research search terminology, and a detailed index for cross referencing are included. Additionally, a representative set of relevant systems problems in global change is listed at the end of the book.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XXVI, 261 pages)
    ISBN: 9783540393122
    Language: English
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  • 61
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    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Description / Table of Contents: PREFACE There are problems, when applying statistical inference to the analysis of data, which are not readily solved by the inferential methods of the standard statistical techniques. One example is the computation of confidence intervals for variance components or for functions of variance components. Another example is the statistical inference on the random parameters of the mixed model of the standard statistical techniques or the inference on parameters of nonlinear models. Bayesian analysis gives answers to these problems. The advantage of the Bayesian approach is its conceptual simplicity. It is based on Bayes' theorem only. In general, the posterior distribution for the unknown parameters following from Bayes' theorem can be readily written down. The statistical inference is then solved by this distribution. Often the posterior distribution cannot be integrated analytically. However, this is not a serious drawback, since efficient methods exist for the numerical integration. The results of the standard statistical techniques concerning the linear models can also be derived by the Bayesian inference. These techniques may therefore be considered as special cases of the Bayesian analysis. Thus, the Bayesian inference is more general. Linear models and models closely related to linear models will be assumed for the analysis of the observations which contain the information on the unknown parameters of the models. The models, which are presented, are well suited for a variety of tasks connected with the evaluation of data. When applications are considered, data will be analyzed which have been taken to solve problems of surveying engineering. This does not mean, of course, that the applications are restricted to geodesy. Bayesian statistics may be applied wherever data need to be evaluated, for instance in geophysics. After an introduction the basic concepts of Bayesian inference are presented in Chapter 2. Bayes' theorem is derived and the introduction of prior information for the unknown parameters is discussed. Estimates of the unknown parameters, of confidence regions and the testing of hypotheses are derived and the predictive analysis is treated. Finally techniques for the numerical integration of the integrals are presented which have to be solved for the statistical inference. Chapter 3 introduces models to analyze data for the statistical inference on the unknown parameters and deals with special applications. First the linear model is presented with noninformative and informative priors for the unknown parameters. The agreement with the results of the standard statistical techniques is pointed out. Furthermore, the prediction of data and the linear model not of full rank are discussed. A method for identifying a model is presented and a less sensitive hypothesis test for the standard statistical techniques is derived. The Kalman-Bucy filter for estimating unknown parameters of linear dynamic systems is also given. Nonlinear models are introduced and as an example the fit of a straight line is treated. The resulting posterior distribution for the unknown parameters is analytically not tractable, so that numerical methods have to be applied for the statistical inference. In contrast to the standard statistical techniques, the Bayesian analysis for mixed models does not discriminate between fixed and random parameters, it distinguishes the parameters according to their prior information. The Bayesian inference on the parameters, which correspond to the random parameters of the mixed model of the standard statistical techniques, is therefore readily accomplished. Noninformafive priors of the variance and covariance components are derived for the linear model with unknown variance and covariance components. In addition, informative priors are given. Again, the resulting posterior distributions are analytically not tractable, so that numerical methods have to be applied for the Bayesian inference. The problem of classification is solved by applying the Bayes rule, i.e. the posterior expected loss computed by the predictive density function of the observations is minimized. Robust estimates of the standard statistical techniques, which are maximum likelihood type estimates, the so-called M-estimates, may also be derived by Bayesian inference. But this approach not only leads to the M-estimates, but also any inferential problem for the parameters may be solved. Finally, the reconstruction of digital images is discussed. Numerous methods exist for the analysis of digital images. The Bayesian approach unites some of them and gives them a common theoretical foundation. This is due to the flexibility by which prior information for the unknown parameters can be introduced. It is assumed that the reader has a basic knowledge of the standard statistical techniques. Whenever these results are needed, for easy reference the appropriate page of the book "Parameter Estimation and Hypothesis Testing in Linear Models" by the author (Koch 1988a) is cited. Of course, any other textbook on statistical techniques can serve this purpose. To easily recognize the end of an example or a proof, it is marked by a A or a t~, respectively. I want to thank all colleagues and students who contributed to this book. In particular, I thank Mr. Andreas Busch, Dipl.-Ing., for his suggestions. I also convey my thanks to Mrs. Karin Bauer, who prepared the copy of the book. The assistance of the Springer- Verlag in checking the English text is gratefully acknowledged. The responsibility of errors, of course, remains with the author.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (198 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540530800
    Language: English
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  • 62
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    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Description / Table of Contents: PREFACE Following the economical and social development of the local communities, mountain regions of temperate climates are increasingly becoming the site of valuable infrastructures and important urban and industrial settlements. As the catastrophic events of last years in the European Alps have clearly shown, the vulnerability of these territories has correspondingly increased, in terms of both property damage and losses of human life. Until recently, the hydraulic scientific community has paid little attention to mountain watersheds, except perhaps during the period if the hydropower development. Nevertheless attention was then focused on problems and methodologies somewhat different from the issues of actual environmental concern. More recently, however, hydraulic engineers have joined their colleagues from forest and rural engineering, who have traditionally dealt with erosion control in mountain areas, to bring in their own methodology, already experienced in lowland rivers. At the same time, academic people focused an interest in some phenomena, like massive transport, which is typical of mountain environment. To bring together all these contributions and to make the state of the art of the mountain river science (oropotamology) and technology, an International Workshop was called at the University of Trent (Italy), on October 1989, under the sponsorship of Fluvial Hydraulic Section of the IAHR. Three main topics have been recognized as particularly relevant from the point of view of both research and professivnal people: a) Hydrodynamics of steep channels and local scale process; b) Sediment movement and sediment training, with special emphasis on massive transport; c) Particular features of sediment transport related to non-uniform grain-size. However, as it is the case in these circumstances, the contest of several contributions often spread over more than one topic. In the following Introduction to papers, the three topics were split into 11 Sections, each one devoted to a more particular aspect recurrently addressed during the discussion. The same paper, thus, may be mentioned in different Sections of the Introduction.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (468 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540544913
    Language: English
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  • 63
    facet.materialart.
    Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Description / Table of Contents: PREFACE The emergence of new information from drilling in deep-sea and coastal areas and the surfacing of the plate tectonics theory probably had the greatest impacts in recent decades on the highly accelerated growth of knowledge regarding the evolution of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Studies in recent years have also provided new insights on global sedimentary processes, and isotopic tools in many ways have enhanced our knowledge and have provided even an unexpected added dimension to the mechanisms of some specific processes. Many different uses of isotopic tools in studies of sedimentary processes can be found in the literature, but the information is highly scattered in the vast field of sedimentology. The disseminated state of existing isotopic knowledge on sedimentary systems has undoubtedly deprived many practitioners in the field to fully appreciate the benefits and limitations, and even the apparent confusion, concerning the use of isotopic tools. We have endeavored here to bring together discussions on some major sedimentary systems in the sedimentary cycle and to analyze them according to isotopic evidence. To accomplish such a task required contributions from many individuals. We were fortunate to have friends who accepted to share our goals. We most sincerely thank all the contributors to this book and deeply appreciate their patience and fortitude despite our undue demands on them to reach our objectives...
    Pages: Online-Ressource (529 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783540558286
    Language: English