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  • Spanish  (417)
  • 2005-2009  (417)
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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Madrid : Secc
    Call number: PIK N 456-17-90913
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 536 Seiten
    Series Statement: Ministerio de Transportes Turismo Y Comunicaciones : Publicación Serie A 114
    Parallel Title: 1,1=6; 2,1=13 von Publicaciones / D / Ministerio del Aire, Subsecretaria de Aviación Civil, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
    Language: Spanish
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 2
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
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    Ciudad de México: Banco de México
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This article applies fuzzy set theory to measure three dimensions of poverty in Mexico: monetary poverty, non-monetary poverty of private goods and non-monetary poverty of public goods. By using those three dimensions, it is possible to build a joint membership to classify poverty in manifest, latent and non-poverty, which are computed for the three types of official poverty used in Mexico, for urban and rural areas and for the total of households and individuals in Mexico from 1994 to 2006. Moreover, confidence intervals are calculated for each estimation, which are used to establish if there are statistically significant changes along time. Results show that, although poverty in Mexico has diminished between 1994 and 2006, its evolution has been different according to the area and the type of poverty analyzed.
    Keywords: I32 ; ddc:330 ; multidimensional fuzzy poverty ; monetary poverty ; non monetary poverty ; manifest poverty ; latent poverty ; Armut ; Mexiko
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper describes and tries to quantify the effects of some factors that have affected costs of state owned electric utilities in Mexico (energy losses, fuel and labor). It is noted that the impact of the increases in fuel prices on the electric utilities' total cost in the last years has been important. However, the over-cost associated to energy losses and labor is also significant and comparable to the impact of the increase in fuel prices. The structure of cross subsidies in the industry is also described, pointing out that it is complex and makes the performance evaluation of the state owned electric utilities difficult.
    Keywords: H54 ; Q48 ; ddc:330 ; electricity sector ; state-owned utility ; energy losses ; CFE ; LyFC ; Elektrizitätswirtschaft ; Öffentliches Unternehmen ; Produktionskosten ; Mexiko
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 7
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El mundo del trabajo en las organizaciones argentinas a principios del Siglo XX estaba influenciado por las consecuencias de la Primera y la Segunda Revolución Industrial y del sistema capitalista cuyo objetivo de maximizar beneficios, sumado al Scientific Management desarrollado por Taylor para la misma época, propició el estudio a fondo de las características físicas del ser humano con el fin de llevar al máximo el rendimiento de las personas. En este contexto, puestas de manifiesto las consecuencias del duro ambiente laboral y condiciones de vida de los trabajadores y agotados los esfuerzos por extraer al máximo las posibilidades físicas de los seres humanos para producir ganancias surge una nueva rama científica denominada Psicotécnica, que no sólo focaliza los estudios en lo físico sino también en lo psíquico. Dicha disciplina, una vez instalada en diversos países de Europa y ya funcionando también en Estados Unidos, comienza a ser utilizada en nuestro país fundando los rudimentos de la selección de personal tal cual como se la conoce en la actualidad. El presente trabajo hace entonces el correspondiente recorrido histórico dando cuenta del pasaje de la selección física de personal a la selección psico-física por el camino de la productividad.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Selección de personal ; Psicotécnica ; Psicograma Profesional ; Instituto de Orientación Profesional ; Psicología Aplicada ; Productividad
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Se analizan aspectos de la crisis financiera para identificar cuales fueron las principales causas que la llevaron a los límites conocidos. Es cierto que el problema encontró sus raices en el mercado de hipotecas subprime y en la falta de responsabilidad de las principales instituciones financieras. Pobres políticas económicas crearon el contexto adecuado para que la crisis tuviera los alcances que se conocen. Pero no puede dejar de considerarse el factor humano. En particular, debe tenerse en cuenta la codicia que parece haber sido el elemento común a los principales protagonistas. Y su falta de liderazgo e integridad. Se presentan los casos más relevantes (Fannie Mae- Freddie Mac, AIG, Bear Stearns, Merrill Lynch, Lehman Brothers entre otros). Su análisis genera serias dudas acerca del hecho de si no podrían volver a repetirse las circunstancias que llevaron a la crisis.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este trabajo es un estudio de caso del sistema de reuniones de Tejedurías Naiberger, una empresa textil y de indumentaria argentina. Comenzamos resumiendo conceptos generales sobre las reuniones y pasamos luego a describir un sistema de reuniones eficaces, su estructura, su utilización y sus elementos constitutivos. A continuación, presentamos características generales de la empresa objeto del caso de estudio. Describimos su sistema de reuniones a través de una lectura del Manual del Sistema de Reuniones Eficaces, que reproducimos completamente en un apéndice, y evaluamos el funcionamiento del sistema en un lapso de más de diez años, desde la fecha de su implementación, en 1997. El caso incluye preguntas de discusión, apéndices conceptuales sobre el trabajo en equipo, ejemplos de minutas y agendas de reuniones, y otros, además de tres entrevistas de evaluación del sistema de reuniones realizadas a directivos de la empresa.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; sistema de reuniones ; sistema de reuniones eficaces ; reuniones ; directorios ; agenda de reunión ; minuta de reunión ; trabajo en equipo
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: ¿Cuáles son los elementos representativos existentes en la actualidad que podríamos identificar como centrales en la formación de los escenarios que se están configurando, y que impacto tendrán en nuestra vida en los próximos años? El trabajo presenta tres posibles escenarios internacionales que pueden estar en proceso de configuración en la actualidad. El primero podría ser considerado multipolar cerrado regionalmente y competitivo; el segundo multipolar abierto basado en instituciones; y un tercero que ha recibido el nombre de apolar. A partir de las herramientas teóricas de las que disponemos, junto con ciertos elementos que han sucedido en estos años, podemos inferir cuáles pueden ser los escenarios internacionales que emerjan en los próximos años. El cambio en el orden internacional es el resultante de un proceso que suele durar años y que no emerge a partir de un suceso específico: por lo tanto, preguntarnos cómo puede evolucionar el sistema internacional implica mirar al pasado, comprender el presente y esperar que los eventos que se suceden se desarrollen en toda su magnitud.
    Description: Which are today's most significant elements that we could identify as decisive in the construction of future scenarios, and which impact will they have in our lives in the coming years? This paper presents 3 possible international scenes -one multipolar, regionally closed and competitive; a second one also multipolar, but open and based on institutions and the last one, known as apolar-, their theoretical backgrounds and the attempts of stabilization and order generation. Only in historical perspective will we be able to know which of these elements had greater influence in the formation of the upcoming world. Nevertheless, we can ask ourselves how the international system can evolve, as this exercise implies looking at the past, understanding the present and wait for the events to wholy emerge.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Cuando cayó Roma, su vasto imperio se segmentó en muchos sentidos, incluido el lingüístico. En las regiones romanizadas el latín vulgar evolucionó de manera diferente en cada parroquia, dando lugar a una multitud de lenguas vernáculas romances. En las regiones menos romanizadas renacieron las lenguas indígenas, también muy segmentadas. Esto cambió cuando, con la introducción de la imprenta de caracteres móviles, comenzó un proceso inverso de amalgama de dialectos vernáculos. Algunos se erigieron en lenguas literarias que eventualmente reemplazaron al latín eclesiástico. Así emergieron unas protonacionalidades lingüísticas que fueron la base a partir de la que eventualmente surgieron las identidades nacionales europeas. La mayor parte de las naciones tuvieron su propia lengua, y esto determinó la obsesión étnica de los nacionalismos europeos, frecuentemente violenta.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 12
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: M0 ; M1 ; Z00 ; ddc:330 ; layout ; manufactura moderna ; manufactura en flujo ; ollas a presión ; productos de menaje
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 13
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: All severe crises have required a reformulation of the International Financial Architecture (IFA). The G20, abruptly turned into a discussion and action forum to cope with the crisis, focused its work on two areas: first, the coordination of the macroeconomic policies to come out of the crisis and, second, the reform of IFA as regards financial regulations and multilateral lending and supervision organizations. Other critical aspects, such as the international monetary system operating rules, were not part of the IFA’s agenda. In this context, the current exchange rate and monetary “non-regime” which gave rise to phenomena such as global imbalances, lacked clear rules about the role played by the dollar in the supply of international liquidity and as reserve value, and also lacked a lender of last resort, is still subject to an intense discussion. The opening of the IFA redesign process to other players, such as the emerging economies, is undoubtedly a positive sign. Now, the challenge is to continue supporting this framework once the crisis has been overcome so that these countries may have a less asymmetric international insertion.
    Keywords: F02 ; F42 ; G01 ; G18 ; ddc:330 ; emerging economies ; financial regulation ; G20 ; international crisis ; international financial architecture ; policy coordination
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 14
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Until the eruption of the 2007-2008 international crisis, the decade was characterized by a high growth of credit - especially credit lines for consumption - and of GDP in a large part of the developed and developing worlds. By the end of the period, the process coincided with increasing inflationary pressures in several countries, which might suggest a potential relationship between credit for consumption and inflation. To give an answer to this question, we have performed an econometric analysis using information on 30 countries, both developed and developing, for the period 1995-2007. Our findings reject this hypothesis unequivocally since they provide no evidence whatsoever of a relationship between these two variables. Our interpretation of this first evidence is that the absence of the anticipated effect may result from the scarce weight of credit on the private sector’s spending.
    Keywords: C23 ; E21 ; E31 ; ddc:330 ; consumer credit ; inflation ; panel data analysis ; private sector expenditure
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 15
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper examines the new Bolivian Constitution (NBC), promulgated in February 2009, from the viewpoint of the new economic institutionalism. The NBC fixes the rules conducive to the establishment of a plural economic organization. These rules are eclectic, yet they convey a state-led development model. A significant extension of the state-owned enterprises is a prominent feature. Also, the NBC assigns an important place to communitarian (or communal) forms of organization, although their boundaries are ill defined. The NBC also purveys the view of development based primarily on the exploitation and industrialization of Bolivia's natural resources. However, the exploitation has to be compatible with the preservation of the environment and it has to take into account the particular interests of the indigenous peoples in whose territory are the resources, in line with the recovery of the ethnic identities that occupies a centerplace in the NBC. The traditional rights of republican institutions are recognized in the NBC but they leave the front stage to transit to a second level of importance. In particular, several easements are imposed to the right to private property. Moreover the NBC opens vulnerabilities to private property rights and makes them more contestable than in the previous constitutions. Prima facie, the weakening of the institutions of private property will harm the long-term growth prospects of Bolivia's economy. The NBC contains many disincentives to the accumulation of physical and human capital, as well as of technical progress and the development of markets. From a political viewpoint, the NBC is the de jure arrangement of the de facto new distribution of political power among social classes that has surged in Bolivia since early 2006. It is too early to conclude on the stability of this new political distribution. But even so, we can foresee that the long-term consequences of today's institutions, unfriendly to markets, will be very important.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 16
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    Ciudad de México: Banco de México
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We give a new way to price American options, using Samuelson's formula. We first obtain the option price corresponding to a European option at time t, weighting it by the probability that the underlying asset takes the value S at time t. This factor is given by the solution of the Fokker-Planck (Kolmogorov) equation for the transition probability density. The main advantage of this approach is that we can introduce systematically the effect of macroeconomic factors. If a macroeconomic framework is given by a dynamic system in the form of a set of ordinary differential equations we only have to solve a partial differential equation, for the transition probability density. In this context, we verify, for the sake of consistency, that this formula is consistent with the Black-Scholes model.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; american options ; Fokker-Planck ; Black-Scholes ; Samuelson ; density probability function
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 17
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    Ciudad de México: Banco de México
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: In this paper, we conducted a detailed statistical analysis of the behavior of the Mexican CPI price variations from May 2003 to August 2006. Different methodologies allowed identification of possible classification problems of the subindexes and inflationary pressures on specific items during the sample period. Regarding classification problems, education was included in non-core inflation during the sample period; however in our study, it showed similarities in distribution and moments to the subindexes of core inflation. Note that education was reclassified into core inflation from January 2008. Regarding inflationary pressures, the highest means and variances were seen in fruits and vegetables at the subindex level, and in products related to agriculture, processed food, energy, and metals at the item level. However further analysis of incidences showed that a considerable part of headline inflation during the studied period was explained by a few individual items.
    Keywords: C19 ; E31 ; ddc:330 ; Mexican CPI ; Sample distributions and descriptive measures ; Dendrograms ; Principal component analysis ; Verbraucherpreisindex ; Mexiko
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 18
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: En este artículo se estudia la privatización de un grupo de bancos públicos provinciales en Argentina en 1993-2001. En contraste con la mayoría de los estudios previos sobre privatizaciones que analizaron principalmente sus efectos sobre la eficiencia económica, este estudio se enfoca en dos cuestioness: i) evaluar si la privatización de los bancos públicos provinciales produjo un incremento en el uso del poder de mercado por parte de aquellos bancos públicos provinciales privatizados y ii) verificar si los bancos públicos provinciales privatizados incrementaron su eficiencia económica despues de su privatización, medida por una re- ducción en sus costos operativos. La evidencia empírica permite sostener las dos cuestiones planteadas.
    Keywords: D43 ; G21 ; L13 ; ddc:330 ; bancos ; competencia monopolista ; privatizaciones
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 19
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 20
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper explores Gino Germani's further interpretations of Peronism after considering it a particular case of Fascism (see Working Paper N° 371). A visit paid to American universities in late 1956 or early 1957 put him in touch with leading sociologists, Seymour Martin Lipset among them. Lipset's work on working-class authoritarianism made an impact on Germani's views. By mid-1957 he wrote a paper on Authoritarianism and the popular classes, following and discussing Lipset's views. Lipset, however, in his book Political Man (1960), accepted to some extent Germani's first view while defining Peronism as an extreme left-wing phenomenon, a Fascism of the lower classes, and Fascism of the Left. Germani's dissatisfaction with Lipset's definitions moved him to look for a new category for Peronism and what he considered similar ideologically hybrid authoritarian phenomena – national-popular movements. This paper studies the Germani-Lipset exchange and the consequences for Germani's views on Peronism.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 21
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la contribución que la Teoría de la Firma (TF) puede hacer en la educación de un futuro gerente. Centramos atención en el proceso educativo que se lleva a cabo en programas MBA. Presentamos algunos hechos estilizados sobre el tipo de alumnos que asisten este tipo de programas. Focalizamos atención en la naturaleza del trabajo gerencial, y de qué forma este corpus de conocimiento puede contribuir a este trabajo. Nuestra discusión presenta información empírica sobre la enseñanza de la TF en un programa de negocios de una universidad privada (la Universidad del CEMA).
    Description: The objective of this paper is to analyze the contribution of the 'Theory of the Firm' (TF) to the education of future managers. We focus on the educational process that takes place in an MBA program. 'Stylized facts' relative to the type of students assisting to these programs are presented. The nature of managerial work is described, and also the ways that TF concepts can contribute to this work. Our discussion presents empirical information relative to a TF course in a private university (The University of CEMA).
    Keywords: L2 ; L23 ; D23 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 22
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El presente trabajo desarrolla una metodología de estimación de sistemas de demanda, que sirve para calcular la elasticidad crítica a utilizar en la definición de mercados relevantes dentro de un sector en particular, y para simular los efectos unilaterales de fusiones horizontales que puedan producirse entre empresas que operan en dicho sector. Todo el método se basa en la utilización de las distintas elasticidades de largo plazo estimadas, y es esencialmente el mismo para definir los mercados y para simular las fusiones. El trabajo concluye con una ilustración empírica del método, que utiliza datos de los mercados argentinos de cerveza y de galletitas.
    Description: This paper develops a methodology for estimating demand systems, useful to calculate critical elasticities to be used in market delineation, and to simulate the unilateral effects of horizontal mergers. The whole method is based on the use of estimated long-run price elasticities, and it is essentially the same when defining the relevant markets and when simulating the mergers. The paper also includes an empirical illustration of the method, which relies on data from the Argentine beer and biscuit markets.
    Keywords: L11 ; C32 ; L66 ; ddc:330 ; elasticidad crítica ; mercado relevante ; fusiones horizontales ; sistemas de demanda ; cerveza ; galletitas
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 23
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este trabajo es acerca de un modelo de competencia en precios en el mercado de un producto homogéneo con libre entrada de empresas idénticas y rendimientos variables a escala. Si el número óptimo de empresas activas en el mercado es dos o más, el equilibrio de Bertrand existe siempre para dicho número óptimo, y no existe si el número de empresas activas es menor que el óptimo. El modelo, sin embargo, no descarta la existencia de equilibrios con más empresas activas que el óptimo. Finalmente, si el número óptimo de empresas es igual a uno, entonces el equilibrio de Bertrand no existe.
    Description: This paper is about a model of Bertrand competition in a homogeneous-good market with free entry of identical firms and variable returns to scale. If the optimum number of active firms in the market is two or more, Bertrand equilibrium always exists for that optimum number, and it does not exist if the number of active firms is less than the optimum. The model, however, does not rule out the existence of Bertrand equilibria with more active firms than the optimum number. Finally, when the optimum number of active firms in the market is one, Bertrand equilibrium does not exist.
    Keywords: D43 ; L13 ; ddc:330 ; Equilibrio de Bertrand ; rendimientos variables ; libre entrada
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 24
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: La RSE ha alcanzado una difusión importante y hoy forma parte de la agenda de casi todas las corporaciones. Pero no queda claro si la misma puede ser equiparada con la ética en los negocios. Es decir, si sería válido afirmar que una empresa socialmente responsable es una empresa que tiene un comportamiento ético. O si tener un comportamiento ético equivale a ser socialmente responsable. El tema es analizado relacionándolo con la pirámide de la Responsabilidad Social Empresaria basada en los componentes o caras de la RSE. Se analiza el caso de un conjunto de empresas de la Argentina. Se considera críticamente el amplio predominio de acciones filantrópicas.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 25
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Durante la mayor parte del siglo XX la Argentina mantuvo la neutralidad durante los grandes conflictos mundiales, sosteniendo frecuentes confrontaciones políticas con los Estados Unidos que iban más allá de lo retórico. La culminación de esta actitud confrontativa, que abarcó a otras potencias occidentales, llegó con la guerra de Malvinas. Posteriormente, durante la presidencia de Raúl Alfonsín, la Argentina rehusaba declarar formalmente el cese de fuego en Malvinas, a la vez que rehusaba ratificar el Tratado de Tlatelolco para la prohibición de armas nucleares en América latina, rehusaba firmar el Tratado de No Proliferación Nuclear, dedicaba sus escasos recursos al enriquecimiento de uranio (que sus reactores productores de energía no necesitaban, ya que funcionaban con uranio natural), y emprendía un proyecto conjunto con el Irak de Saddam Hussein para el desarrollo de un misil balístico de alcance intermedio, el Cóndor II, que una vez terminado podría enviar una carga útil de mil libras (el peso promedio de una ojiva nuclear) por una distancia de mil kilómetros. Durante la presidencia de Carlos Menem se produjo un cambio de 180º en estas políticas. La Argentina se alineó con los Estados Unidos, eliminó las hipótesis de conflicto con sus vecinos, desmanteló su industria de defensa, eliminó el servicio militar obligatorio y virtualmente se desarmó. Aunque posteriormente cambió la retórica, volviéndose más confrontativa en lo que se refiere a Estados Unidos, la sustancia de las reformas instrumentadas en la década de 1990 permaneció en pie, al punto de que las políticas exteriores de Eduardo Duhalde, Néstor Kirchner y Cristina Fernández de Kirchner se parecen mucho más a la política exterior de Menem que a la de Alfonsín. En esta conferencia se explica la lógica subyacente a los cambios introducidos durante la gran transformación de los '90.
    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the determinants of the interest rate of short-term unsecured loan inter-bank market (call) in Argentina. The results show that the heterogeneous nature of the entities, in terms of size and origin of ownership, impacts on the interest rate agreed. Other additional aspects, such as the linkages between entities and the degree of supply or demand concentration, also affect the cost of funding. The structure of the market and the repo rates established by the BCRA are also relevant. Finally, the interest rate reacts positively when banks have a higher demand for liquidity, due to both seasonality and episodes of reduction in deposits.
    Keywords: E43 ; E58 ; G14 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; interest rate ; monetary policy ; short-term liquidity markets ; Geldmarkt ; Zins ; Argentinien
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the response of the soybean sown area of Argentina to changes in price incentives and other variables which are relevant for agricultural production. To this effect, VEC models are estimated for some of the main producing provinces and for the country’s total in the period 1974-2006. The estimated models allow analyzing the long-term relationship among the share of soybean sown area, relative prices, the use of certain inputs, and the risks involved. For models where cointegration relations are observed, positive and significative responses are found in the soybean sown area to changes in relative prices.
    Keywords: C1 ; Q1 ; R3 ; ddc:330 ; agricultural production ; Argentina ; elasticities ; relative prices ; risks ; soybean
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: The current research has the aim to identify and evaluate the impacts of external shocks related to the new economic context of world-wide deceleration in the Bolivian economy. It is assumed for this scenario that Bolivia would face a reduction in the export prices, a reduction in the level of foreign direct investment, a fall in the remittances and a decline in the government expenditure. In order to evaluate these effects in the short and medium term, we use a dynamic General Equilibrium Computable Model (CGE), in a horizon of ten years. The exercise was realized on the basis of the following experiments: i) an adverse shock in terms of trade, ii) a negative shock in the level of government spending, iii) a negative shock in the level of remittances and direct foreign investment (DFI)
    Keywords: ddc:330
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bolivia as many other countries in the world, it is looking for some mechanism that allows to fight against the adverse impacts produced by climate variability. There is consensus that more adaptation and mitigation measures if we want to reduce the adverse effects produced by the climate change - in addition the vulnerability to these phenomena depends also on other stress factors. The aim of our research seeks to evaluate the economic impact of climate change in the agricultural sector of Bolivia with and without mitigation measures. From one hand the work quantify the effect of climate change over the GDP - from the other hand it evaluates the relevance of mitigation measures destined to reduce the risk and vulnerability of climate change. There are many methodologies that evaluate the incidence of climate change, both from economic and technological perspective - the first one in well known as bottom-up schemes - the second one is named top-down schemes. For the purposes of our research we use top-down model, based on Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) techniques.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Climate Change ; Agricultural Sector ; General Equilibrium Model
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Los modelos económicos que analizan el crecimiento hacen un fuerte hincapié en el efecto positivo de la acumulación del capital sobre el desarrollo de las economías. Para ello, deben existir mercados de capitales desarrollados que canalicen adecuadamente los ahorros hacia la inversión. Los enfoques de análisis del crecimiento económico más recientes incorporan en su desarrollo aspectos institucionales y de infraestructura de incentivos a través de la normativa vigente, relevantes para explicar el desarrollo de los mercados, la acumulación del capital y -por extensión- el crecimiento. Mercados de capitales poco desarrollados, con problemas de información y -sobre todo- con baja liquidez, pueden originar menor acumulación de capital y menor crecimiento económico. Este efecto está medido en el trabajo, de donde surge que si la liquidez en el mercado de acciones en Argentina fuese equiparable a la media de un conjunto de países latinoamericanos, la tasa de crecimiento del Producto Bruto podría incrementarse entre un punto y un punto y medio por año, con el consiguiente efecto en la creación de empleo, en el aumento de la recaudación impositiva y en el bienestar de la población. Ello requiere de los incentivos adecuados para la cotización pública y la comercialización de acciones de empresas.
    Keywords: N2 ; O1 ; G00 ; ddc:330 ; mercado de capitales ; liquidez ; asimetría de información ; costos de transacción ; crecimiento económico ; Finanzmarkt ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Sparen ; Investition ; Argentinien
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: The essay provides support to the hypothesis that financing of provincial public spending through national transferences leads to overspending. We rest on persuasive economic and politicoinstitutional arguments. Fiscal illusion and the Leviathan model help to explain the overspending. And cartelization of tax collection helps to explain why governors are so reluctant to decentralize this task. We conclude that a fiscal organization closer to that of a confederation would be desirable. Two ways of organizing fiscal relations between the Nation and the provinces are considered. One way consists of paying for national spending by means of periodic provincial transferences; control of public spending by tax-payers would be the greatest possible in this scenario, though leaving national financing in provincial hands could be a risky affair. Another way consists of allowing the Nation some taxing power and incorporating constitutional restrictions as regards the kinds of public goods the national government is permitted to provide.
    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ökonometrisches Makromodell ; Klimaveränderung ; Bolivien
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Description: El presente Estudio de Caso analiza el potencial turístico existente en la región del Salar de Uyuni, el mismo que permitiría una mejora en la calidad de vida de sus pobladores así como un incremento sustancial en sus ingresos, si fuera aprovechado de la mejor forma. Muestra, además, los problemas y las demandas que tiene la región.
    Keywords: O18 ; R11 ; ddc:330 ; Turismo, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: ddc:330
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Klimaveränderung ; Energiewirtschaft ; Prognose ; Bolivien
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: E31 ; E52 ; E61 ; C50 ; ddc:330 ; Wechselkurspolitik ; Inflationsbekämpfung ; Bolivien
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2012-11-22
    Description: We study the cost-effectiveness of a transferable emissions permit system (TEPS) vis a vis a system of emissions standards. Our analysis includes along with abatement costs, the costs of enforcing the system to induce compliance. Further, the analysis considers complete and incomplete information. The numerical simulations are performed for the case of fixed sources operating under the Emissions Compensation Program (ECP) in Santiago, Chile. The results suggest that a TEPS is not able to induce compliance at minimum enforcement costs, but this regulatory system allow the regulator to achieve the environmental target with minimum aggregate compliance costs.
    Keywords: L51 ; Q28 ; K42 ; K32 ; ddc:330 ; environmental policy ; cost-effectiveness ; enforcement costs incomplete information ; Umweltpolitik ; Emissionshandel ; Kosten-Wirksamkeits-Analyse ; Unvollkommene Information ; Santiago (Chile)
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    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2012-11-22
    Description: Monthly wage series with quarterly periodicity between December 1994 and December 2004 for thirteen regions in Chile are presented in this paper. These series are based on the information recollected by the Superintendencia de Fondos de Pensiones (Pensions Fund Superintendence), but are corrected for truncation and censoring bias. The comparative analysis of corrected and non-corrected series indicates that the series show a statistically diferentiated behavior. The non-corrected wage series are not good predictors of the corrected series. Thus, to develop regional wage analysis, based on this information source, it is preferable to use the corrected series presented in this paper.
    Keywords: J31 ; R11 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; regional wages ; estimation ; truncation ; censored ; Regionale Lohnstruktur ; Chile
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  • 44
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: Desde una perspectiva multidimensional al análisis de la pobreza crónica, se adiciono una dimensión antropométrica como referencia integral de bienestar, reinterpretando el significado fisiológico de la existencia de diferentes tipos de desnutrición en niños Argentinos entre 0,5 y 6 años de edad como el de aquellos que sufrirán carencias globales esenciales en el futuro. Indices de Sen y Gini antropométricos demostraron que aquellas familias con desnutrición infantil poseen distribuciones del ingreso más desiguales. Indices de Foster-Greer-Thorbecke bidimensionales identificaron las regiones de NEA y NOA como las más perjudicadas en términos de capacidades cognitivas y culturales en la siguiente generación de pobres./ From a perspective of multidimensional poverty analysis, an anthropometric dimension was added as an integral representation of future welfare, by reinterpreting the current nutritional state of 0.5 to 6 year-old children in Argentina as those who will suffer deprivation in Sen's functioningcapability terms. A two-dimensions Foster-Greer-Thorbecke poverty index has been proposed along with Sen's and Gini's anthropometric indexes to appraise inequality in families undergoing children's malnutrition. Having had malnutrition means more unequal income distribution. NEA's and NOA's regions will have greater problems in functioning, capabilities and cultural barriers when considering the next poor's generation.
    Keywords: D63 ; I30 ; D30 ; ddc:330 ; Crisis alimentaria ; deprivación antropométrica ; desnutrición ; pobreza multidimensional ; F-G-T bidimensional ; Sen antropométrico Food crisis ; anthropometric deprivation ; malnutrition ; two-dimensional FG- T ; anthropometric Sen index
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: Se estiman, por diferencias en diferencias, los efectos sobre el acceso a educación media de la implementación de la reforma originada en la Ley Federal de Educación (Nº24.195/1993). Se concluye que su aplicación logra mejorar el acceso pero lo hace aún más sobre las trayectorias escolares. Se muestra que estos resultados disminuyen con el nivel educativo e incluso son negativos para las provincias con más de 10 años de educación (nivel meta de la Ley). Adicionalmente, estos efectos son crecientes a medida que transcurre el tiempo de aplicación por lo que debiera esperarse cierta convergencia entre provincias. Palabras Claves: Reforma Educativa, Evaluación de impacto, Heterogeneidad de efectos, Acceso a la educación, Calidad del acceso a educación, Argentina, Ley Federal de Educación, Ley Nacional de Educación.
    Keywords: I28 ; H40 ; H70 ; ddc:330 ; Reforma Educativa ; Evaluación de impacto ; Heterogeneidad de efectos ; Acceso a la educación ; Calidad del acceso a educación ; Argentina ; Ley Federal de Educación ; Ley Nacional de Educación
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: This paper takes advantage of a new source of information – the Gallup World Poll 2006 – to estimate and characterize income poverty and inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) at the country level, and to compare LAC estimates to those in other regions of the world. The Gallup survey has the advantage of being conducted in over 130 nations with almost the same questionnaire in all countries, and then it stands as a complement to national household surveys for international comparison purposes.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Einkommensverteilung ; Intergenerationale Übertragung ; Argentinien
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: Siguiendo la metodología propuesta por Chaudhuri et al. (2002), en este trabajo se realiza una estimación de la vulnerabilidad de los hogares de Nicaragua usando datos de corte transversal. La vulnerabilidad de los hogares es evaluada como la probabilidad de que el valor esperado del logaritmo de su consumo, sea menor al logaritmo de cierto umbral de pobreza. Se consideran tanto las líneas de pobreza oficiales como las internacionales. La estimación del valor esperado y de la varianza del logaritmo del consumo se realiza por el típico procedimiento de Mínimos Cuadrados Generalizados Factibles en tres etapas, sugerido por Amemiya (1977). Los resultados validan la importancia de algunos determinantes de la vulnerabilidad que han sido estudiados para otros países. Al considerar que un hogar es potencialmente pobre, cuando su vulnerabilidad es mayor que 0.5, se encuentra que en Nicaragua las tasas de incidencia de la pobreza potencial son similares a las de la pobreza efectiva./ In this paper, using cross sectional data and following the methodology proposed by Chaudhuri et al. (2002), an estimation of household vulnerability to poverty in Nicaragua is made. The household vulnerability is assessed as the probability that the expected value of the logarithm of consumption is lower than the logarithm of certain threshold of poverty. Both official and International poverty lines are considered. The estimation of the expected value and the variance of the logarithm of consumption are made by typical three-step Feasible Generalized Least Squares procedure suggested by Amemiya (1977). The results validate the importance of some determinants of vulnerability that have been studied for other countries. Considering a household as potentially poor, when its vulnerability is more than 0.5, it is found that in Nicaragua the potential poverty headcounts ratios are similar to the effective poverty headcount ratios.
    Description: In this paper, using cross sectional data and following the methodology proposed by Chaudhuri et al. (2002), an estimation of household vulnerability to poverty in Nicaragua is made. The household vulnerability is assessed as the probability that the expected value of the logarithm of consumption is lower than the logarithm of certain threshold of poverty. Both official and International poverty lines are considered. The estimation of the expected value and the variance of the logarithm of consumption are made by typical three-step Feasible Generalized Least Squares procedure suggested by Amemiya (1977). The results validate the importance of some determinants of vulnerability that have been studied for other countries. Considering a household as potentially poor, when its vulnerability is more than 0.5, it is found that in Nicaragua the potential poverty headcounts ratios are similar to the effective poverty headcount ratios.
    Keywords: I32 ; ddc:330 ; Armut ; Nicaragua
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En el año 2005 se reestructura el marco institucional en el que se desarrollan las relaciones laborales, teniendo como principal elemento de cambio, la reconvocatoria de los Consejos de Salarios. Por lo que el objetivo del presente trabajo es investigar que ha ocurrido con el grado de dispersión salarial en el período 2004-2007. Para esto se realizará un estudio no paramétrico de la distribución salarial; en el cual se intenta contestar la pregunta de cómo se hubiera comportado la distribución salarial si no se hubieran producido las modificaciones a la estructura remuneratoria del 2004.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Uruguay ; salarios ; wages ; Arbeitsbeziehungen ; Lohnstruktur ; Uruguay
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    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2012-11-22
    Description: In this work we extend a De Jure measure of capital account restrictions, previously assembled by Miniane (2004) for 34 economies, to a set of 181 countries for the period 1996-2005. Additionally, having in mind the pitfalls of this indicator, we propose two new measures. The first excludes prudential regulation and the second weights the indicator by a proxy of enforcement. This group of indicators allows academics and policymakers to evaluate and analyze the restrictions to capital account transactions for a large group of economies.
    Keywords: G15 ; Q30 ; ddc:330 ; international financial integration ; capital controls ; Kapitalbilanz ; Welt ; Chile
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  • 50
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We analyze the international market, fresh or chilled fish and its impact on exports and Mexico's competitiveness in this market from 1995 to 2005. It was found that the production and global consumption of fish present in generally good perspective, the two grew significantly from 1995 to 2005, not the world sugar trade where the trade balance deficit made a condition resulting from increased availability or domestic supply and import of this product in the world market that the annual production target of this or domestic demand and exports. We conclude that despite the unfavorable trend observed in world sugar trade in the period, one can say that this has not been reflected significantly in Mexico, since the competitiveness of fisheries subsector is characterized by significant competitive advantages in the international market (high levels of tradability and relative trade balance) that confer a macroeconomic competitiveness media.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Mercado ; Competitividad ; Pescado fresco o refrigerado ; Mundo ; México
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  • 51
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Corporate Social Responsability is one of the strongest bets for the future in the European Union. CSR principles are characterised by the willingness to incorporate a series of management guidelines to achieve positive actions (ethical, solidarity, environmental, ...) within the interest groups. In order to measure the perception which both businessmen and consumers from Gran Canaria have on CSR, we have compilated information by ellaborating surveys. Statistical exploitation shows that, even when the perception differs within everyone of them, they are too optimist when they believe they are acting under CSR criteria.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; corporate social responsability ; perceptions managers vs consumers ; Corporate Social Responsibility ; Gran Canaria
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The aim of this study is to analyze whether the factors influencing debt change their effect depending on the company's debt level. This could be very useful for studying for example high-debt firms' determinants. We work with a panel data of 17,776 companies for the 2001-2006 period and through quantile regressions find that quantile analysis provides a more complete view over the debt determinants than standard OLS regression. Leverage gets influenced by a pecking order behaviour and companies suffer from information asymmetry problems. There is some evidence of bankruptcy costs but not of the tax benefit of debt.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; regresión cuantílica ; estructura de capital ; teoría de la jerarquía ; tradeoff
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The aim of this project is to apply a statistical analysis of compositional data in order to study the inactivity rate in the economy of Argentina. We try to confirm the hypothesis of allometric effects on overall levels of economic inactivity per big urban conglomerate and their features according to the different causes of inactivity. In other words, whether the percentage of inactives due to various reasons of inactivity is related to the inactivity rate per urban conglomerate. Allometric effects have been found in regional studies of inactivity in the United Kingdom. According to these, some causes of inactivity, such as incapacity, are strongly related to the overall levels of inactivity per region. However, results from May 2003 allow us to reject the hypothesis that inactivity components per urban conglomerate are directly related to inactivity rates.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 54
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: According to Kaldor (1970), regional growth patterns arise from a cumulative causation process as broadly combining two substantial mechanisms i.e. a productivity regime, known as the 'Kaldor-Verdoorn' law, and a demand regime due to the expansion of exportations. This paper attempts to assess empirically the Kaldor's framework in characterizing economic growth for 11 ALADI countries from a panel data set over period 1980 to 2007. After having controlled industrial heterogeneity, the results are indicating the existence of two regional trends within member states, especially in terms of external demand constraint. It can be pointed out a group of countries for which the link between productivity gains and demand growth has become weaker, due to an increasing external dependence as well as a detrimental competitive position. Finally, findings are quite conclusive insofar as the existence of the Kaldorian mechanisms is corroborated in explaining trajectories of ALADI countries while both increasing returns to scale and demand led growth are seemingly playing a significant role in the region.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; ALADI ; causalidad ; crecimiento ; exportaciones ; Ley de Kaldor-Veldoorn ; Método de Momentos Generalizados ; panel ; Regionales Wachstum ; ALADI-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 55
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The purpose of this paper is to analyze and interpret current economic and financial crisis and its similarities to the crisis that occurred in the twentieth century, marking its causes and consequences. For this study we consider the series of product and growth rates U.S. and UK as they have reliable historical data. We use the methodology of structural models to state space time series analysis, to detect falls and growth and outliers throughout the century. Furthermore, we also perform some simple regressions to determine whether the development of the economy in both countries was or is related.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Crisis ; Crecimiento Económico ; Teoría de Keynes ; Producto Bruto ; Tasas de Crecimiento ; Modelos Estructurales
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 56
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Este informe presenta los resultados de la investigación comparativa sobre la participación local, la biodiversidad florística y el conocimiento local sobre plantas en cuatro áreas protegidas en Nicaragua. La investigación ha sido financiada como parte del programa para al apoyo danés para el sector del medio ambiente en Nicaragua bajo los auspicios del comité de dirección del programa, presidido por la ministra del ambiente y recursos naturales. Los objetivos de protección muchas veces van más allá que la protección forestal para incluir también la protección de la biodiversidad, la integridad de ecosistemas y la calidad de un paisaje. Sin embargo los instrumentos comunes para la protección como son los retenes, los guardabosques, las patrullajes y los puestos de control, que puedan tener utilidad en el manejo forestal, no se prestan para hacer frente a estas calidades que dependen de interacciones espaciales. Esto significativamente limita la protección real. No obstante, más que de instrumentos de conservación y de configuraciones institucionales específicas en sí, el informe concluye que la protección real depende de un enfoque explícito sobre como ‘manejar’, o sea como incentivar y restringir los actores relacionados con el área protegida y sus relaciones mutuas, que de un enfoque sobre como manejar el área protegida.
    Description: Genuine protection of declared protected areas depends on an explicit focus on how to manage actors and their mutual relations, i.e. how to regulate their activities, encouraging some and restricting others, rather than on a focus on how to manage an area as a territory. This is one of the conclusions resulting from comparative research undertaken in collaboration between Nicaraguan and Danish researchers on local participation, plant biodiversity and local knowledge on plants in the management of four Nicaragua protected areas. The research project has been financed as part of the Danish environmental sector support programme to Nicaragua and has been coordinated by Helle Munk Ravnborg at DIIS. The DIIS Report 'Desde declaración hasta protección real. Biodiversidad y participación local en la gestión de cuatro áreas protegidas en Nicaragua' summarizes the main results of the research.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Naturschutz ; Biodiversität ; Partizipation ; Nicaragua
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 57
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    Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 58
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    Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 59
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: One of the most controverted subjects in the literature on innovation management is the extent to which these processes can be controlled and planned. This literature has evolved from a rational position in which the innovation processes are the result of rational decisions, deliberate and properly planned, to a more evolutionary approach. From this evolutionary perspective the control and management of the process is made indirectly by controlling and intervening on the organizational context of the process of innovation process. In this article, we analyze the innovation process from the perspective of a new paradigm that goes beyond the previous two. It lies on the postulates of the complexity theories and takes the processes of innovation as processes of institutional change. From this new perspective, we deduce that the processes of innovation and the consequent institutional change have a pragmatic basis, and consequently, the potential for the planning and control of the innovation processes is seen highly limited.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; innovation ; complexity ; institutional change ; innovation process
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 60
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: As theoretical microstructure models developed, several researches have empirically investigated the relevant role of transaction costs and its components in the stock market dynamics and their applications in several similar topics (corporate finance, market efficiency, etc.). Alternatively, empirical tests of these models has led to different results. In this paper, we perform a thorough study of a group of models with common characteristics. Specifically, we focus on models that estimate transaction cost components from price and/or return time series autocovariance.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; bid-ask spread ; adverse selection cost ; time series return autocovariance
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 61
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The corporate reputation is a dynamic capability and intangible asset, and therefore, as source of competitive advantage, generating of superior results. These circumstances justify the growing interest of the institutions of prestige and the academics for develop a measure scale that allows valuing the corporate reputation as a multidimensional latent construct. With the objective of improving this situation, this research proposes a measure tool that integrates the different perspectives of study and measure of the reputation, considering the different stakeholders and more used perspectives of analysis: activity of the company, and product and/or service.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; reputation ; reputation measure ; measurement tools ; dimensions ; competitive advantage
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 62
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: One of the main research questions in the field of strategic management is why firms obtain different performance levels. This paper answers this question from the strategic groups approach. This paper analyses the linkage between strategic groups and firm performance offering a multilevel analysis about the relative importance of intergroup and intragroup performance differences based on the use of hierarchical linear models (HLMs). The results show that intragroup differences explain firm performance better than intergroup differences.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; strategic groups ; performance ; intergroup and intragroup performance differences ; hierachical linear models
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 63
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The direct suppliers firms of manufacturers require the products innovation to offer distinguished products and with an upper added value. Different techniques, methods and systems have to be used to reduce costs and time in the products innovation. This research wants to know if the firms do technological innovations and if they use techniques to reduce the time and costs of the development of their products. A survey is done to a sample of direct suppliers of OEMs located in Catalonia. The Homals and Cluster techniques achieve to make a typology of enterprises.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; product innovation ; techniques ; suppliers ; motor industry ; Catalonia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 64
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The division between ownership and management and the existence of minority shareholders have led to the need for control systems which allow for the convergence of shareholders and managers' objectives. The disclosure of information for shareholders and corporate governance stand out among these control systems. This work analyses the nature of this relationship for non-financial Spanish quoted corporations. Unlike the current efforts devoted to improving both systems, our findings reveal a substitutive relationship, by showing the disclosure of less information in those companies whose Boards of Directors are more effective.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; digital reporting ; voluntary disclosure ; the Internet ; corporate governance
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 65
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The basic objectives of this article are presenting the current financial system of Angola, taking into account the points of view Institutional and Monetary Policy; an analysis of internal and external competitive environment of the financial system by applying the Angolan DAFO or SWOT Matrix, with the aim of formulate concrete strategies, in a chart or a summary table, assessing the strengths and weaknesses of the financial system studied, with external threats and opportunities consistent with the logic that the strategy must achieve a proper adjustment between the internal capacity and the external competitive position. It concludes by presenting some recommendations for future strategies.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; financial system ; Angola ; institutions ; SWOT analysis
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 66
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: There is plenty of literature analyzing the environmental management practices of firms, from a multisectorial perspective as well as a sectorial perspective. Nevertheless, very few studies have been carried out in the construction sector, probably because of the peculiarities of the industry and the subsequent singularities of the environmental management in building firms. In this context, this paper has a double aim: on one hand, to design a broad list of environmental management practices of building firms, and on the other hand to analyze the implantation level of these practices in the Spanish building firms.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; environmental management ; construction firms
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 67
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This paper aims to analyze the factors influencing the use of search engines and its impact on e-shopping behaviour. Analysis of the results obtained from a sample of 485 Spanish Eshoppers shows that consumers who value convenience, price reductions and wide assortment as motivations for purchase online are more likely to use search engines for e-shopping that those who do not. Online use experience and online shopping experience are negative key drivers of search engine use for E-shopping. Regarding implications, search engine use has no influence on online spending.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; E-commerce ; shopping orientations ; search engines ; consumer behaviour
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 68
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The aim of this paper is to analyze if the choice of different mechanisms of governance affects the efficiency of hotel chain from the Transaction Cost Economics perspective. The analysis has been carried out using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) on the Spanish leader hotel company, Sol Meliá. Results suggest that all the establishment of this hotel chain obtain high levels of efficiency but we cannot conclude that a particular type of mechanism of governance is more efficient than others. We conclude then that the choice of the mechanism of governance does not affect the level of efficiency in this particular case. It seems that other technical variables are more relevant than the type of contract used to m