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  • Limnology
  • General Chemistry
  • Cell & Developmental Biology
  • 2010-2014  (48)
  • 1945-1949  (1,270)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-01-18
    Description: In this survey the Physical and Chemical factors were studied in mohammadiye channel extending Eslamshahr, Robat karim and Shahriar cities of Tehran Province during the 2011 in agriculture period (May, June, July, August, September, October) Sampling were done from 5 different stations. The measured factors were temperature,DO, Cl,HCO3,COD,BOD,CO2,Mg,… The analysis of Physical and Chemical factors of Mohammadiye channel water showed that except water temperature, all factors in comparison to the standards were at the standard level, So they are suitable for aquaculture. Due to mean of water temperature that is high from middle of Spring to the end of summer, It is suitable for culture of warmwater fishes and because of low water temperature in the station No1 It is recommended for culture of coldwater fishes by using of 50-70gr of young fishes.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Ecology ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-04-23
    Description: The British Glossomatidae contains seven species, split between the genera Glossosoma, Agapetus and Synagapetus. One species, Glossosoma intermediumhas not been recorded in England since 2003. This was found in a side stream of Hayeswater gill in the Lake District. The main purpose of this survey was to try and locate and record Glossosoma intermedium and was a follow up to a similar survey we carried out in the Glennshee area of Scotland during April 2011. Additionally, as in the 2011 survey it also made sense that while looking for the larvae, pupae and adults of Glossosoma intermediumwe could also record other species of caddisfly (Trichoptera), mayfly (Ephemeroptera) and stonefly (Plecoptera).
    Keywords: Ecology ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-09-03
    Description: This is the final presentation from the Moston Brook Evidence and Measures project which ran from September 2012 to March 2013. Moston Brook water body is part of the River Irwell Pilot Catchment and the objective of the project was to devise reliable measures (actions) which were based on existing evidence and that could be implemented in years 2 and 3 by the Environment Agency and its partner to help meet Water Framework Directive (WDF) requirements and community aspirations. The presentation summarises the main suspected causes of WDF failure, the evidence for this, the main causes for failure in the sub-catchments resulting from the evidence found, and identifies measures to carry out, which will address the WDF failures and improve the quality of the water. This presentation can be used to inform others on how to improve the water quality of Moston Brook, and also to support other similar initiatives.
    Keywords: Ecology ; Limnology ; Pollution
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2014-09-19
    Description: The phytoplankton species composition and abundance in Ogun River, Ogun state, Southwest Nigeria was studied for a period of seven months (December, 2011 - June, 2012), a total of forty-one genera belonging to five taxonomic groups were recorded from Ogun River. The phytoplankton species composition was surpassed by Chrysophyta with 15 species consisting of 36.6% followed by Chlorophyta with 14 consisting of 34.1%. This was followed by Cyanophyta (7 species) consisting of 17.1%, Euglenophyta with 3 species consisting of 7.3% and Pyrrophyta with 2 species consisting 4.92%. Cyanophyta was the highest in abundance consisting of 41% while the lowest in abundance was Pyrrophyta consisting of 1.5%. The low nature of phytoplankton abundance and diversity observed in this study must have been caused by the polluted nature of the water due to the anthropogenic activities carried out around its shores The dominance of Cyanophyta in this river is similar to findings from Lake Victoria, Lake Bishoftu, Lake Chaohu and the temple pond of Thirupour.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Ecology ; Environment ; Fisheries ; Limnology ; Management ; Pollution
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2014-09-19
    Description: Investigation on the species composition and abundance of zooplankton in Ogun River, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Southwestern Nigeria was carried out for a period of seven months (December, 2011-June, 2012), Using hand trawling method, 55 µm mesh size plankton net was trawled horizontally ten times to capture zooplankton. The zooplankton samples were put into properly labeled plastic containers and preserved in 4% formalin solution. A total of sixteen genera from five taxonomic groups were recorded from Ogun River. Cladocera predominated both in terms of species composition and abundance. Five species of Cladocera was recorded consisting of 31.25%. Protozoa and Rotifera recorded four species each consisting of 25%. Copepoda recorded two species consisting of 12.5%, and Ostracoda with one species consisting of 6.25%. The low nature of zooplankton abundance and species composition observed in this study must have been caused by the polluted nature of the water due to the anthropogenic activities carried out around its shores The dominance of Cladocera in this river is similar to findings from River Echara and River Imo, Southeastern Nigeria.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Ecology ; Environment ; Fisheries ; Limnology ; Management ; Pollution
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2014-09-19
    Description: The aim of this study was to investigate the monthly spatial occurrence of phytoplankton and zooplankton in River Ogun, Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria. This was carried out for seven months between December, 2011 and June, 2012 in 4 stations. A total of 41 species of phytoplankton and 16 zooplankton species from 5 classes respectively were recorded. Zooplankton was dominated by Cladocera throughout the study period while phytoplankton was dominated by blue green algae (Cyanophyta or Cyanobacteria). The dominance of Cyanophyta in this river is similar to findings by Sekadende and co-workers, Ogato, Deng and co-worker, and Shakila and co-worker. The dominance of Cladocera in this river is similar to findings by Ude and co-workers, and Ogbuagu and co-worker.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Ecology ; Environment ; Fisheries ; Limnology ; Management ; Pollution
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-05-22
    Description: One of the priority research projects of the Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR) is broodstock development and mass propagation of silver catfish, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus of which the broodstock is naturally abundant in New Gala River. Selected physical characteristics and water physico-chemical parameters of the upper reach of the New Calabar River at Aluu were investigated. The highest depth value of 9.20 m was recorded in the middle of the river. The width of the river measured during spring high tide and low tide were 174 m and 110 m respectively. The cross-sectional area and average flow velocity of the river were 797.13 m2 and 0.374 m/s respectively. The discharge of the river was computed as 298.13m3/s. The river water was acidic most of the period (Hydrogen ion concentration, pH: 5.12 to 7.43), with low total alkalinity values (4.00 to 12.00 mgCaCO3/L) and low total hardness values (11.5 to 51.2 mgCaCO3/L) which indicate that the river water is black and soft. There was significant (p~,0.05) seasonal variation in temperature (23.1 to 31.7~'C\}, Secchi transparency (9.30 to 19.00 cm), total hardness (11.5 to 51.2 mgCaCO3/L), dissolved oxygen (5.20 to 7.50 mg/L) and dissolved oxygen deficit (0.02 to 2.95mg/L). These results are useful for several stake holders who use the river as a sink for trade wastes, as source of water for fish farming, as source of broodstocks of Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, as raw water for water treatment plants, and as means of transportation of industrial materials.
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Fisheries ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2017-11-28
    Description: In the present study the freshwater algae of Siahdarvishan River were sampled on a montly basis from December 2007 through November 2008. Three sampling stations (Gaght roudkhan , Shahkezr dame and Talab laleh ) were chosen in the river. Some physical and chemical parameters (water temperature , total hardness , nitrate , nitrite, phosphate and pH) of water samples were measured. A total of 84 species were identified including: Chlorophyta, 36 species; Cyanophyta, 24 species; Bacillariophyta, 20 species; Rhodophyta, 2 species; Euglenophyta and Xanthophyta each with 1 species. Among the families, Oscillatoriaceae with 14 species showed the highest species richness. Taxonomic keys to genera and species are presented to facilitate the identification of algal flora of the region.
    Keywords: Biology ; Limnology
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-05-23
    Description: Plankton communities of Ikpa River, downstream from a sand-dredging area were studied for a period of i2 months (March 2010 to Febntary 2011), covering dry and wet seasons. Most Physico-chemical parameters (pH, Turbidity, Silicates, Transparency and Conductivity) exhibited highly significant spatial variation (p〈0.01), whereas seasonal variation of these variables was not statistically significant(p〉0.05). Significant seasonal variation (p〈0.05) was however observed in temperature, Dissolved Oxygen, Biochemical Dem and(BOD), total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Phosphorus, Nitrates and Conductivity. A total of 51 Taxa of Phytoplankton to 43 genera and 5 families were identified during the period of study. Bacillariophyceae recorded the highest relative abundance with 52.41%, followed by Chlorophyceae with 32.05%, Cyanobacteria with 13.35%, while Euglenophyceae and Dinophyceae 1.26% and 0.83%, respectively. Among the Diatoms,Melosira granulata was the most dominant species with Shanon Weiner's Diversity index (H1) of 0.23 and Simpson's Dominance Index (D) of 0.017. A highly significant variation (p〈0.01) was observed in spatial distribution and seasonal distribution of most of the algaegroups, whereas taxa occurence showed no significant difference (p〉0.05) among the stations and the seasons. A total of 8 taxa zooplankton belonging to 4 genera were identified. Rotifera were the most prevelent groiup with 4 taxa, followed by Cladocera with 2 taxa, while Protozoa and Copepoda recorded 1 species each. A highly significant spatial and seasonal variation (p〈0.01) was observed in Zooplankton abundance among the stations. The Zooplankton dominance profile also showed Rotifers ranking the highest with Shanon-Weiner's Diversity index (H1) of 0.21 and Simpson's Dominance index (D) of 0.014. Correlation coefficient also showed a highly significant relationship (r=0.881); p〈0.01) between Zooplankton and Phytoplankton abundance. Also, a highly significant relationship (r=0.961; p〈0.05) existed between overall plankton distribution and abundance and water quality parameters. Alternative sources of building materials such as Fly, Ash and Industrial Hemp have been recommended inorder to reduce or eliminate the need for building purposes.
    Keywords: Ecology ; Environment ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-05-22
    Description: A gross alpha and beta survey of the water of Kainji Lake was conducted using multi-channel analyzer, a proportional counter detector. This was done to estimate the gross radioactivity concentrations due to natural radionuclides in the lake water. Radioactivity, a phenomenon that leads to production of radiations, and radiation is known to trigger or induce cancer. The gross alpha and beta activity concentration analyzed in the water shows that the alpha activity ranges from 1.0 x 105 Bq/cm3 to 0.7Bq/cm3 with an average value indication of 0.0702Bq/cm3, whereas the beta activity concentration indicated BDL for all the sites with exception of upstream 01 location (9~' 51' 485' and 4~'35' 473'E) which has 0.0022Bq/cm3. This could be attributed to the continued flow of the lake water. Although radioactivity measured in lakes is usual higher than that of flowing waters, because a significant part of the radioactive substance brought in by other tributary rivers accumulates in it (Szaho et al.1998). That of Kainji Lake is entirely different.
    Keywords: Limnology ; Pollution
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2018-01-17
    Description: Soil is one of the most important natural resources and foundation of formation and development of human civilized societies. Sediments are also important at receiving organic matter, material budgets and distribution of benthic organisms. As part of the ecological study of Choghakhor Wetland where located in Chaharmahal-o-Bakhtyari Province, some physical and chemical characteristics of sediments in this wetland were studied in relation with benthos environment. Sampling was performed in 10 stations with 3 replicates in each station since April 2010 to March 2011. The results showed that wetland sediments texture at different stations was not differeny and sediments component showed no significant differences between the stations. But the components showed significant differences between the stages. There was no from spring to winter (timing change’s) amounts of organic matter increased and showed the significant differences between seasons. Also sediment’s moisture percent and organic matter in different seasons showed significant differences. There was no significant differences in the sediment texture between the season’s .The Pearson correlation coefficient showed positive correlation in the 0.01 level between percentage of organic matter and sediment moisture that indicating a high capacity for water storage in organic soils.
    Keywords: Biology ; Ecology ; Limnology
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2018-05-29
    Description: Remote sensing has changed modern oceanography by proving synoptic periodic data which can be processed. Since the satellite data are usually too much and nonlinear, in most cases, it is difficult to distinguish the patterns from these images. In fact, SOM (Self-Organizing Maps) model is a type of ANN (Artificial Neural Network) that has the ability to distinguish the efficient patterns from the vast complex of satellite data. In this study, the sea surface temperature data and chlorophyll a related to a part of south Caspian Sea were investigated weekly by NOAA satellite for three years (2003–2005) and the annual and seasonal patterns were extracted (elicited) with their relative frequency using the SOM model. In all patterns the Caspian Sea coast has the highest chl-a and when you go away from the shore the rate decreases and when you approach to the middle parts the chl-a is of the least proportion on the sea surface.
    Keywords: Limnology ; Oceanography
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2018-05-29
    Description: The Çaygören Reservoir was sampled monthly from February 2007 to January 2009 at three stations to determine the relationships between the chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) dynamics and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP), nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N), ammonium-nitrogen (NH4-N), water discharge, water transparency, water temperature (T), specific conductance (SC) and pH. Thermal stratification occurred in the reservoir from May to September. The maximum chlorophyll-a concentrations were measured (using a YSI multi probe) in the fall and the minimum concentrations were recorded in the winter. Differences in the concentrations of chl-a , SRP and NO3-N were significant among seasons (p〈0.01), but not among sampling stations (p〉0.01). The differences in the Secchi disk transparency were significant both among sampling stations and seasons (p〈0.05). The results of this study suggest that high chl-a concentrations resulted from the increase in available light in the spring and deep mixing in the fall which provided nutrients needed for phytoplankton growth.
    Keywords: Biology ; Chemistry ; Limnology
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2018-05-08
    Description: The Çaygören Reservoir was sampled monthly from February 2007 to January 2009 at three stations to determine the relationships between the chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) dynamics and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP), nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N), ammonium-nitrogen (NH4-N), water discharge, water transparency, water temperature (T), specific conductance (SC) and pH. Thermal stratification occurred in the reservoir from May to September. The maximum chlorophyll-a concentrations were measured (using a YSI multi probe) in the fall and the minimum, SRP and NO3-N were significant among seasons (P〈0.01), but not among sampling stations (p〉0.01). The differences in the Secchi disk transparency were significant both among sampling stations and seasons (P〈0.05). The results of this study suggest that high chl-a concentrations resulted from the increase in available light in the spring and deep mixing in the fall which provided nutrients needed for phytoplankton growth.
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Environment ; Limnology
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2018-05-22
    Description: The impact of anthropogenic activities on chemical and nutrient characteristics of selected wetlands in Moyamba and Bo districts was investigated. Water and sediments samples for nutrient and trace metal analysis were collected for two seasons (wet and dry) at sampling sites. Anthropogenic activities such as industrial effuent, domestic and agricultural waste disposal constitute major sources of wetland pollution in the selected districts. Samples of water and soil were analyzed for metals (Cr, Co, Cd, Ni, Pb, Mg, Mn, Fe, C1 and Zn) and nutrients (Ca, K, P and Na) levels were determined and their seasonal variations were compared at (p〉0.05) significant levels. Physico-chemical parameters such as Temperature, Dissolved oxygen, Ammonia, Nitrate, pH, general hardness, total alkalinity were also measured. Fe was the most concentrated metal in water (mean range 15.93 ~c 1.51 to 33.65 ~c 7.79mg/l) and in sediment (15748 ~c 3526 to 107702 ~c 84038 mg/1), while Cr and Mg were the least concentrated (0.34 ~c 0.14 to 0.53 ~c 0.09mg/l) and (0.07 ~c 0.01 to 0.22 ~c 08 mg/1) respectively. Generally, trace meta levels in sediment of the study area were relatively higher than tht concentration in water. Na was the most concentrated nutrient in both water and sediment, while calcium has the least. Calcium plays an important role in blood clotting, muscular contractions and in some enzymatic processes and as such its level in the studied wetland must be augmented. Accumulations of metals in the environmental matrices are ecologically undesirable as they pose threats to man who is the end user of the values of wetland ecosystems and consequently the need for policy intervention in the effective management of both domestic and industrial wastes.
    Keywords: Ecology ; Limnology
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  • 16
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    Environment Agency South West Region
    Publication Date: 2013-03-26
    Description: This is the Restormel Fish Counter, Annual Report 2011 produced by the Environment Agency, Environmental Monitoring Team on May 2012. The report presents the upstream counts of migratory salmonids recorded on the River Fowey at Restormel Weir fish counting station (SX 107 613) over the period March 2011 to February 2012 inclusive. The minimum upstream salmon estimate for 2011, over the period July 2011 to February 2012, was 675. The minimum upstream sea trout estimate for 2011 was 10,022, which is the fifth highest count recorded in the last 17 years. The fish counter at Restormel had six periods of downtime due to counter faults which equated to 19 days of downtime overall. Fish counts were estimated for downtime caused by counter faults but not for weir cleaning due to the small numbers of fish involved.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Limnology ; Management
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2018-05-13
    Description: The design of pumping station for submersible FLYGT pump 3102 version LL to redress the water supply problem of some ponds in the tidal fish farm of African Regional Aquaculture Centre (ARAC) located in Omuihuechi, Aluu, Rivers State, Nigeria was carried out. Prior to the design baseline study was carried out for the proper sitting of the pumping station. The topographic survey of the area indicated gentle sloping woodland, with the highest and lowest elevations of 11.00 m and 1.00 m respectively. The mean peak heights of water in the supply canal during spring and neap tides ranged from 0.95 to 1.45 m and 0.38 to 0.86 m respectively. The flood tide and ebb tide velocities of supply canal water flow varied from 0.40 to 0.75 m/s and 0.75 to 0.92 m/s respectively. Soil particle size analysis indicated loamy clay and clay soils. The results of pumping station design were 1.80 m (length), 1.30 m (width); 3.60 m (height),0.15 m (thickness), I (cement) : 2 (sand) : 4 (gravel) (concrete mixture ratio) and 12 mm (reinforcement bar). Results of pump characteristic calculation were 0.069 m〈sup〉3〈/sup〉/s (discharge) ,4.02 m/s (pumping velocity), 5.73 m (total dynamic head), 0.82 m (minimum submergence depth), 5.04 KW (pump power)and 0.40 and 0.30 m ( clearances from floor and wall respectively). The results obtained were considered adequate for the purpose of construction of the pumping station for the pump and the procedures adopted will assist in similar design tasks in the development of fish farms in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria and beyond.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Limnology
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2018-01-15
    Description: Bahmanshir River with 80km length is located in the southwestern Khuzestan Province, Iran. The seasonal distribution of phytoplankton community in spring and summer of 2007 was investigated. The river presented different characteristics between the periods of high & low water (tidal). Within tidal period, diatoms were dominated followed by Cyanophyceae and Chlorophyceae. As a result, abundance and diversity of phytoplankton in high tide were more than low tide. Phytoplankton was significantly associated with flow velocity, suspended sediment concentration and transparency.
    Keywords: Biology ; Limnology
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2018-04-14
    Description: In a complementary field study, the concentrations of some metals (Cu, Ag, Pb, Zn, Ni, Co, Mn, Fe, As, Cd, Cr, Mg and Ba) were measured in clam Solen dactylus, sediments and water collected at two stations (Park-e-Qadir, 56° 20/ E, 27° 11/ and Nakhl-e-Nakhoda, 56° 23/ E, 27° 10/ N) of Bandar Abbas coastal waters of the Persian Gulf in November 2008 and February 2009 showing different contamination levels. Although there is little information on metal concentrations in macro-benthic animals in this area, this study, for the first time, reports the accumulation of some metals in S. dactylus in order to introduce this species as a bioindicator for this area. Results indicated that Mg and Fe were the two most abundant metals in clams and sediments. The maximum and minimum metal concentrations in clams belonged to Mg (3850-5040 µgg-1 dry wt) and Ag (0.30-0.40-0.58 µgg-1 dry wt), respectively. There was a significant relationship between the accumulation of metals in clams, sediment and water samples. A significant relationship between clam lengths and concentrations of Cu (positive) and Mg (negative) were observed. Our study also showed that variable metal concentrations were related to different sampling stations, seasons and their interactions as well. Bioaccumulation of metals in clams was significantly different for eight metal elements between start of the gametogenesis and ripeness stages. Our investigation indicated that the clam S. dactylus could be a useful bioindicator for Zinc.
    Keywords: Biology ; Limnology ; Pollution
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2018-05-19
    Description: The Physio-Chemical parameters of River Uke, Keffi, Nasarawa State, were studied between the months of February to August 2011. Nine water parameters were analyzed and Melanoides tuberculata was also identified using identification keys by Brown and Kristensen (1993). These include temperature, pH, alkalinity, turbidity, conductivity, nitrates, phosphates, total dissolved substances and dissolved oxygen using the methods described by Boyd (1979). The temperature ranged between 25~'C - 27.5~'C (mean = ~c 26.31~'C), while pH ranges between 6.3 and 7.5(mean = ~c 6.89). The highest value obtained for alkalinity was I5.4mg L-1, while the lowest was 4mgL-1(mean = ~c 10.2mg L-1). Dissolved oxygen concentration value was between 4.lmgL-1, and 8.6mgL-1(mean = ~c 6.35mgL-1), the turbidity in dry season range between 50 to 60 cm and in rainy season, it ranged between 4 to 7 cm. The total dissolved substances range between 40ppm and 200ppm. The conductivity value ranged between 80~ks/cm and 400~ks/cm. An extreme high concentration of phosphate was recorded and ranged between 0.9mL-1 and 4.2mg L-1, which was due to water and land use practice. The nitrate concentration was negligibly low with concentration between 0.00% and 0.15%. This concentration was however adequate and support fish population and freshwater snails such as Melanoides tuberculata.
    Keywords: Biology ; Limnology ; Pollution
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  • 21
    Publication Date: 2018-05-19
    Description: The concentration of trace metals: Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb), magnesium (Mn), Nickel (Ni) and Zinc (Zn) were determined in water, sediment and fish tissues (S. melanotheron) collected from Elechi creek in Port Harcourt, Nigeria between October and November, 2010. The overall mean concentrations of the trace metals (Mg/g dry weight) in all combined samples ranged from 0.06-0.24 (Cd), 0.59-2.39 (Pb), 0.08-1.15 (Mn), 0.15-0.48 (Ni) and 0.18-7.04 (Zn) respectively. The concentration of the trace metals in water, fish and sediments were in the following order: Pb 〉Ni 〉Zn〉Cd 〉Mn; Zn〉Pb 〉Mn〉Ni 〉Cd and Zn〉 Pb〉Mn〉Ni〉Cd respectively. Except in water, Zinc had the highest value while cadmium had the lowest value. Mn concentration in fish tissue was greater than WHO/FAO certified values. Correlation coefficients between pairs of metals concentration show that all metals positively correlate except Cadmium and Nickel. Elechi creek is not heavily burdened with metals, but aquatic environment should be monitored periodically to avoid excessive intake of trace metals by human.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Limnology ; Pollution
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2013-03-18
    Description: Historia de la Ciencia fue una materia ofrecida en 2003, por el curso de Posgrado en Ciencias Ambientales (PEA) de la Universidad Estadual de Maringá, PR, Brasil, dictada por la profesora Luiza Marta Bellini. Durante el curso de la misma, se discutía sobre la historia y filosofía de vida de los científicos que brillaron o, por el contrario, pasaron desapercibidos por la historia del pensamiento humano. Al final del término de la materia, se logró compilar un libro llamado Ecólogos e suas histórias: Um olhar sobre a construção das ideas ecológicas (Pelicice et al., 2010). El capitulo diez del libro, es un comentario sobre algunos pioneros que contribuyeron para el desarrollo de la Limnología fluvial en Sudamérica. Dos fueron tratados en ese capítulo, Harald Sioli y Juan José Neiff (ver Arenas‐Ibarra et al., 2010). Sin embargo, la idea principal del capítulo era incluir también a los doctores Argentino Aurelio Bonetto y Raúl Adolfo Ringuelet, pero cuestiones relativas al formato y espacio de cada capítulo, impidieron mantener la integridad original de éste y el mayor conocimiento de las contribuciones de estos dos destacados investigadores argentinos en tierras brasileras. Si bien esta omisión fue compensada en parte por el artículo de Arenas‐Ibarra & Souza‐Filho (2010) en el que se resaltan las figuras de Bonetto y Rzóska como precursores de la Limnología fluvial, quedó aún pendiente este reconocimiento por parte de los autores de este documento a Raúl Ringuelet. Con motivo de que en el transcurso de este año se cumplieron treinta años del fallecimiento del Dr. Raúl Adolfo Ringuelet, decidimos, por invitación de Hugo Luis López, publicar el material recopilado durante la materia cursada en la Universidad Estadual de Maringá (UEM, Brasil), actualizándola con nuevos datos proporcionados por Hugo López y Juan José Neiff. Este trabajo es una síntesis de las ideas de Raúl Adolfo Ringuelet, quien sin duda se encuentra entre los pioneros de la ictio‐limnología local y sudamericana.
    Keywords: Biology ; Limnology
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  • 23
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    Riverfly Partnership
    Publication Date: 2013-03-13
    Description: The caddisfly species Synagapetus dubitans has been found recently for the first time in the UK in 2010. This study reports on further sampling activities in 2012 in various locations in North Yorkshire. The caddisfly species found in these locations are listed and the occurrence of Synagapetus dubitans is highlighted.
    Keywords: Ecology ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Book , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2016-04-05
    Description: The government of the People's Republic of China through a 2007 agreement with the Government of the Republic of Uganda, has establishment of an Agricultural Technology Demonstration Center (ATDC). The first phase covering the building of aquaculture infrastructure at Kajjansi ARDC is complete and the second operation phase has started in which facilities for cage culture have been set up in the Napoleon gulf, northern Lake Victoria near Jinja. The cage facility is aimed at boosting fish farming within the lake as a diversification to the traditional pond fish culture technology. NaFIRRI scientists as well as Chinese experts undertook a baseline survey in the chosen cage site on 12 March 2012. The survey covered determination of water depth, water transparency, measurement of selected physical-chemical parameters (temperature,dissolved oxygen, conductivity and pH; determination of the nutrient status and study of algae, invertebrate and fish communities at the site. Materials and methodologies used in the survey were based on the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) of NaFIRRI. The study area was divided into three study sites. Site 1 (upstream) was at 8.9 metre depth while site 2 (proposed cage site) and site 3 (downstream) were 6 and 4.3 metres deep respectively. Water transparency was lowest at site 1 (1.58 m) and highest at site 3 (1.64 m). Dissolved oxygen at the three sites ranged from 6.0 to 8 mg/I. Water temperature profiles fluctuated within narrow limits between 26.5 and 27.5 DC. Measurements of pH were between 7 (neutral) and 8 (alkaline) while electrical conductivity was between 98 and 101 uS/em. These observed physical-chemical parameters at the study site were considered suitable for cage fish rearing purposes. Nitrite-nitrogen levels varied within narrow limits from 0.043 to 0.0453 mgtl. Similarly, Ammonia-nitrogen varied between 0.015 and 0.0185 mg/1. Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) level was highest at site 3 (O.012mgll) compared to that at sites 1 and 2 (0.009mgll). Total suspended solids (TSS) were higher at site 1 (83.3mgll), thereafter decreasing to lower levels at sites 2 (24.8mgtl) and 3 (19.8mgl) respectively. The nutrient level results observed here all fall below the maximum permissible limits by NEMA and therefore the site is recommended for cage culture The algal community was constituted by four major groups: Blue greens,Greens, Cryptophytes, and Diatoms with blue greens as the common and dominant group. High algal biomass (19944961 ugtL) of the dominant blue green algae was observed at site 1 compared site 2 and 3 (58655.2 & 27487. 7 ugtL) respectively. Occurrence of toxicin producing algae: microsytis and cylindrospermopsis in the proposed cage area was considered to be of not much significance as their concentrations were below harmful levels. However, monitoring their presence, biomass and seasonality will be critical in order to follow when and where they occur and at what time of the year for ease of management of the cages
    Keywords: Ecology ; Fisheries ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2017-01-04
    Description: Author Posting. © Inter-Research, 2008. This article is posted here by permission of Inter-Research for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Marine Ecology Progress Series 360 (2008): 179-187, doi:10.3354/meps07314.
    Description: Complex 3D biological-physical models are becoming widely used in marine and freshwater ecology. These models are highly valued synthesizing tools because they provide insights into complex dynamics that are difficult to understand using purely empirical methods or theoretical analytical models. Of particular interest has been the incorporation of concentration-based copepod population dynamics into 3D physical transport models. These physical models typically have large numbers of grid points and therefore require a simplified biological model. However, concentration-based copepod models have used a fine resolution age-stage structure to prevent artificially short generation times, known as numerical ‘diffusion.’ This increased resolution has precluded use of age-stage structured copepod models in 3D physical models due to computational constraints. In this paper, we describe a new method, which tracks the mean age of each life stage instead of using age classes within each stage. We then compare this model to previous age-stage structured models. A probability model is developed with the molting rate derived from the mean age of the population and the probability density function (PDF) of molting. The effects of temperature and mortality on copepod population dynamics are also discussed. The mean-age method effectively removes the numerical diffusion problem and reproduces observed median development times (MDTs) without the need for a high-resolution age-stage structure. Thus, it is well-suited for finding solutions of concentration-based zooplankton models in complex biological-physical models.
    Description: This work was supported by US GLOBEC NOAA grant NA17RJ1223.
    Description: 2013-05-22
    Keywords: Plankton ; Copepods ; Modeling ; Marine ecology ; Oceanography ; Limnology ; Methodology ; Mean age
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2012-01-10
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Biology ; Ecology ; Fisheries ; Limnology
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  • 27
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    Environment Agency South West Region
    Publication Date: 2013-03-26
    Description: This is the Restormel Fish Counter, Annual Report 2010 produced by the Environment Agency South West Region on June 2011. The report presents the upstream counts of migratory salmonids recorded on the River Fowey at Restormel Weir fish counting station (SX 107 613) over the period March 2010 to February 2011 inclusive. Data contained within this report covers the period of the commercial migratory salmonid net buy-back scheme and the National Spring Salmon Byelaws. The minimum upstream salmon estimate for 2010, over the period July 2010 to February 2010, was 1220. The fish counter at Restormel suffered from only one major period of unscheduled downtime during 2010/2011. This was due to a counter fault over the period 21 to 30 August 2010 and equated to 10 days of downtime.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Limnology ; Management
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2012-01-10
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Biology ; Ecology ; Fisheries ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 29
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    Riverfly Partnership
    Publication Date: 2013-03-13
    Description: The caddisfly species Synagapetus dubitans has been found recently for the first time in the UK in 2010. This study reports on the sampling and discovery of that species in North Yorkshire. A list of sites where S. dubitans (either as larvae or adults) has been found is given
    Keywords: Ecology ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 30
    Publication Date: 2018-01-11
    Description: Macro-invertebrates play a key role in freshwater lentic and lotic ecosystems. Lake Neor is located in northwest of Iran, southeast of Ardebil city, 2480m above the sea level. Limnological data about lake is incomplete. This tectonic lake is known to have a unique macro-invertebrate fauna. In order to describe the zoo-benthic community of the lake more completely, the present study was conducted during a period of one year from August 2008 to July 2009 with the exception of 3 months during the 5 months the lake is covered by ice. The benthic assemblage was sampled monthly from four sites and these fauna were found to be very limited with a total of 11 species belonging to 10 families, 10 orders, 7 classes and 3 phyla. Eight species were identified and recorded for the first time in the lake and in Iran. Gammarus fasciatus, Pisidium supinum and Quistadrilus multisetosus were the dominant benthic species representing more than 49, 43 and 5 percent of the total benthic fauna. Almost all benthic species showed the same intra-annual, seasonal and spatial pattern. The highest density was found in station 4, near the outlet, in July. The maximum abundance of total population of macro-benthoses in Neor lake was composed of 41872.75 pieces in a sample per square meter in September and the minimum with 28177.08 pieces in March. Dissolved oxygen, temperature and habitat homogeneity seemed to be the main environmental factors affecting community indices in Lake Neor.
    Keywords: Ecology ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2017-01-07
    Description: The interaction of climate and geology in Central Africa during Late Pleistocene and Holocene is examined. The study is based on sedimentological and limnological work on the main lakes of the Western Branch of the East African Rift Valley, particularly Lake Kivu, Changes in sediment chemistry, mineralogy and diatom assemblage provide a detailed histogram of lake level oscillations. Calculations indicate that the drop in lake level could be as high as 600 m for Tanganyika and 400 m for Kivu, Fluctuations in water levels.are the means for reconstruction of climatic events in tropical Africa of the last 15,000 years. Paleoclimatic comparison between tropical and temperate zones reveals that pluvial times coincide with the prominent interstadials in Europe, e.g. Bølling, Allerød, Climatic Optimum, and reversely, cool and dry periods in equatorial Africa with ice ages in the Northern Hemisphere. The African climatic sequence of pluvials and interpluvials is accompanied by corresponding periods of hydrothermal activity and quiescence. This may suggest that rain water exercises control on hydrothermal. activities.
    Description: Prepared for the National Science Foundation under Grants GA-30641 and GA-35334.
    Keywords: Paleoclimatology ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Technical Report
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2012-01-10
    Description: Rasbora tawarensis is an endemic freshwater fish in Lake Laut Tawar, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Unfortunately, its status is regarded a critical endangered with populations decreasing in recent years. To date no information on the spawning activities of the fish are available. Therefore, this study provides a contribution to the. knowledge on reproductive biology of R. tawarensis especially on spawning seasons as well as basic information for conservation of the species. Monthly sampling was conducted from April 2008 to March 2009 by using selective gillnets. The gonadosomatic index, size composition and sex ratio were assessed. The gonadal development was evaluated based on macroscopic and microscopic examinations of the gonads. The gonadosomatic index (GSI) varied between 6.65 to 18.16 in female and 4.94 to 8.56 for male. GSI of the female R. tawarensis was higher in March, September and December indicating the onset of reproductive seasons, the GSI and oocyte size being directly correlated with gonadal development stages. Although, a greater proportion of mature male than female was detected during the study, the sex ratio showed that the overall number of female was higher than male. The ovaries had multiple oocyte size classes at every stage of gonadal development, thus R. tawarensis can be classified as a group synchronous spawner or a fractional multiple spawner. The spawning seasons of R. tawarensis were three times a year and September being the peak of the reproductive season and the female was the predominant sex. This species is classified as a group synchronous spawner. (PDF contains 8 pages)
    Keywords: Conservation ; Fisheries ; Aquaculture ; Biology ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2013-03-22
    Description: This is the Evaluation of the impact of cypermethrin use in forestry on Welsh streams from the University of Plymouth, published on September 2010 by the Environment Agency South West. The report focuses attention on Cypermethrin, a highly active synthetic pyrethroid insecticide effective against a wide range of pests in agriculture, public health, and animal husbandry. It is also used in forestry to control the pine weevil, Hylobius abietis. Cypermethrin is very toxic to aquatic invertebrates and fish at nanogram per litre concentrations. This project checks the effectiveness of current best practice measures in minimising the risk of pollution associated with the use of cypermethrin in forestry in Wales. Chemical results from the intensive studies show that cypermethrin entered minor watercourses draining treated areas at two of the eight sites. In one of these cases the level was well in excess of the short-term Predicted No Effect Concentration. The absence of a buffer area at the other site resulted in the cypermethrin reaching a main drain. However dilution appeared to be sufficient to prevent any impact on water quality or on the invertebrate community in the main stream. Invertebrate and chemical data from the extensive survey showed little evidence of pollution due to wider use of cypermethrin in Welsh forestry. Finally, a number of recommendations are made for further tightening controls on forestry practice to minimise the risk of cypermethrin entering the aquatic environment.
    Keywords: Fisheries ; Limnology ; Management
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 34
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    National Fisheries Resources Research Institute (NaFIRRI)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-19
    Description: Although other research studies on areas such as the physical-chemical, nutrients and phytoplankton status of Lake Kyoga systems have been given a lot of attention (e.g. Mungoma 1988 and NaFIRRI 2006), efforts to determine the pollution status of this system, especially by heavy metals as one of the worldwide emerging environmental problems, is still limited. Many trace metals are regarded as serious pollutants of aquatic ecosystems because of their persistence, toxicity and ability to be incorporated into food chains (Mwamburi J., and Nathan O.F., 1997). Given the rapid human population growth and the associated economic activities both within the rural and urban areas in Uganda, such fish production systems are becoming very prone to various kinds of pollution including that by heavy metals. Anthropogenic factors such deforestation, use of chemicals and dumping of metallic products, spillages of fuels from outboard engines and many others and or natural processes involving atmospheric deposition by wind or rain, surface run-offs and streams flows from the catchment introduces heavy metals into the lake environment,.
    Keywords: Limnology ; Pollution
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2018-05-02
    Description: The physical and chemical parameters of ABU Dam and Zaria Dam were carried out between September and October 2009. The results obtained in the two water bodies were temperature 27.7 0C, pH (7.5 and 7.3), dissolved oxygen (5.8 mg/l and 5.0 mg/l), biochemical oxygen demand (1.74 mg/l and 2. 16 mg/l), alkalinity (58 mg CaC03/l and 49 mgCaCO3/l) P04-P (2.47 mg/l and 1.59 mg/l) NO3-N (3.67 mg/l and 3.47 mg/l), conductivity (54.70 ~ks-1 and 42.48 ~ks-1), total hydrocarbon (TH) (47.66 mg/l) and 48.00 mg/l) and total dissolved solids (32.68 mg/l and 25.35 mg/l) respectively. There was no significant difference in the mean values of the parameters (P〉0.05) except conductivity and total dissolved solids. The water bodies were found to be neutral with high conductivity. All the properties in the water bodies were in conformity with international standards both for drinking and aquatic life.
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Limnology ; Pollution
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2018-05-02
    Description: The ability of Phragmites karka to absorb and translocate the heavy metals Zinc,Copper,Cadmium and lead was investigated in Asa river, Ilorin Southwest Nigeria.The results of the translocation ability were in the order Cu〉Zn〉Cd and Pb. The bioconcentration factor for Zn,Cu,Cd and Pb in the root, stem and leaf had low values. Heavy metal accumulation in the roots were greater than those of the shoots. The quantities of accumulation in the roots were in the order Zn〉Cu〉Pb〉Cd. This study suggests that Phragmite karka is less suitable for sequestering of these studied heavy metals.
    Keywords: Limnology ; Pollution
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2018-05-02
    Description: Spatial and temporal variations of physico-chemical variables of Onu-Iyi ?Ukwu stream were studied for 12 months from March 2005 to February 2006. Three sampling stations were established along the main stream channel from source to mouth. Spatial variation in physico-chemical parameters indicated that total alkalinity, total hardness, conductivity, and nitrate-nitrogen (NO3) recorded their highest values at the upper reaches (with values 14.0mg/l, 88.09mg/l, 17.00~kscmiscm, and 0.60mg/l respectively). Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and pH had their maximum values of 8.20mg/l and 6.94 at the middle reaches. Turbidity, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), temperature and phosphate-phosphorus (PO4) increased steadily from source to mouth. The observed seasonal variation indicated that wet season values were higher for all the parameters except temperature, turbidity, phosphate-phosphorus (PO4) and total alkalinity although the values were not statistically significant at p〉0.05. The correlation coefficient (r) showed no significant relationships p〈0.05 between physico-chemical parameters except DO and BOD with correlation values of (0.75 and -0.54) respectively.
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Limnology
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2018-05-02
    Description: The physico-chemical parameters of Bosso Dam were analyzed weekly for a period of six (6) weeks from 29th October, 2009. In all, six (6) stations were identified within the dam. The physico-chemical parameters assessed were: temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, alkalinity, hardness, conductivity and transparency. The results obtained from the analysis revealed slight variations in most parameters. There was no significant difference p〉0.05 in pH regardless of stations and weeks. But significant difference p〉0.05 were observed in dissolved oxygen, nitrate, temperature, conductivity, hardness, alkalinity, biological oxygen demand, transparency, in respect regard to stations. These variations could be due to influx of organic waste from surface run offs and inorganic waste deposited by man. The physico-chemical parameters observed, indicated that most of them fall with the recommended range or standard by the Federal Ministry of Environment
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Limnology
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2018-04-01
    Description: Urmia Lake is one of the two large hypersaline lakes in the world which have Artemia. It is located in northwest of Iran. Due to a decrease in water inflow and volume, the salinity of Urmia Lake has reached to more than 300 g.l-1 since 2001. The increased salinity has greatly influenced biological aspects of the lake, and caused the lake undergoes at critical conduction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the distribution fluctuations of phytoplanktons and selected physicochemical factors in relation to Artemia distribution in Urmia Lake during 8 months. Statistical analysis of mean values of ion concentrations and phytoplankton abundance indicated significant differences among sampling months. The minimum and maximum values for the selected factors were, as Cl- 176.2-201.3 g.l-1 , CO2 95-175mg.l-1 , dissolved oxygen (DO) 0.1-2.8 mg.l-1 , HCO3 - 144-496 mg.l-1 , PO42+ 104-875 mg.l-1, NO3- 330-4104 mg.l-1, NO2- 4-21.5 mg.l-1, SO42- 10490-29840 mg.l-1, Ca2+ 561-1606 mg.l-1, Mg2+ 3649-14587 mg.l-1 while water hardness was 21000- 62000 mg.l-1. Fourteen phytoplankton genera included Bacillariophyceae (10 genera),Chlorophyceae (2 genera) and Cyanophyceae (2 genera) were identified during sampling period. The smallest average density of phytoplankton 97249 L-1 was observed in December 2005 and the greatest average density 481983 L-1 in August 2005. Dunaliella sp. composed 92.1% of the lake's phytoplankton. Statistical analysis of phytoplanktons fluctuations showed a significant difference among different months (p〈 0.05).
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries ; Limnology
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  • 40
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    Fisheries Society of Nigeria
    Publication Date: 2018-05-04
    Description: Investigation of the microbiological purity of Lake Kivu as index of water pollution was carried out in Gisenyi, Kibuye and Cyangugu over a period of 24 months. Microbial load did not differ significantly with season and locations but Fecal Coliform (FC) had positive significant correlation (r = 0.36; p〈0.05) with season. Mean Total Coliform (TC) (cfu/100ml) was highest 7.7 x 105 in Gisenyi and lowest 1.7 x 105 at Cyangugu. These values exceeded the 5000 colony forming units/100ml recommended by WHO for public surface water supplies. Total heterotrophic bacterial (THB), FC, TC and Fecal streptococcus (FS) were widespread with abnormally high values in the sampling locations signifying poor water quality. Microbial isolates from the water samples were of wide range of groups and their occurrence and distribution varied from location to location. Bacillus sp, E. coli, Citrobacter freundii, Klebsiella pneumonia and Proteus sp were the cosmopolitan microbial species in the lake water. The microbial quality of the water was poor rendering it unsafe for domestic purposes without treatment and this was largely caused by direct contamination of the lake by animals and human domestic wastes.
    Keywords: Biology ; Limnology ; Pollution
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2011-09-29
    Description: As with a majority of the remaining undeveloped coastal areas in North Carolina, Brunswick County is not a hidden treasure any more. Since 1980 the county’s population has more than tripled to over 95,000 and another 30,000 or so residents are expected to make this last bastion of undeveloped southeastern NC their home by 2020, even with the current economic downturn. As the 29th fastest growing county in the nation this population explosion is resulting in rapid landscape scale land use changes within the watershed of the Lockwoods Folly River. Subdivisions, shopping centers, new highways and bridges, golf courses, and marinas are becoming significant land use activities. The surging development within this 150-square mile 88 thousand-acre watershed has had a severe effect on the health of the river. The portion of the river closed to shell fishing has more that tripled from 18 percent in 1980 to more than 55 percent today and 60% of the beds are considered impaired. For generations, locals have enjoyed the bounty of the Lockwoods Folly River and estuarine system famed for its rich and abundant shell fish beds and excellent coastal inshore fishing. This river system stretches from the Lockwoods Folly Inlet at the Atlantic Ocean inland where it makes the transformation from saltwater marshes to a winding blackwater river that snakes into hundreds of smaller tributaries and blackwater swamps. (PDF contains 4 pages)
    Keywords: Pollution ; Limnology ; Planning
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2011-09-29
    Description: The San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC), in continued partnership with the San Francisco Bay Long Term Management Strategies (LTMS) Agencies, is undertaking the development of a Regional Sediment Management Plan for the San Francisco Bay estuary and its watershed (estuary). Regional sediment management (RSM) is the integrated management of littoral, estuarine, and riverine sediments to achieve balanced and sustainable solutions to sediment related needs. Regional sediment management recognizes sediment as a resource. Sediment processes are important components of coastal and riverine systems that are integral to environmental and economic vitality. It relies on the context of the sediment system and forecasting the long-range effects of management actions when making local project decisions. In the San Francisco Bay estuary, the sediment system includes the Sacramento and San Joaquin delta, the bay, its local tributaries and the near shore coastal littoral cell. Sediment flows from the top of the watershed, much like water, to the coast, passing through rivers, marshes, and embayments on its way to the ocean. Like water, sediment is vital to these habitats and their inhabitants, providing nutrients and the building material for the habitat itself. When sediment erodes excessively or is impounded behind structures, the sediment system becomes imbalanced, and rivers become clogged or conversely, shorelines, wetlands and subtidal habitats erode. The sediment system continues to change in response both to natural processes and human activities such as climate change and shoreline development. Human activities that influence the sediment system include flood protection programs, watershed management, navigational dredging, aggregate mining, shoreline development, terrestrial, riverine, wetland, and subtidal habitat restoration, and beach nourishment. As observed by recent scientific analysis, the San Francisco Bay estuary system is changing from one that was sediment rich to one that is erosional. Such changes, in conjunction with increasing sea level rise due to climate change, require that the estuary sediment and sediment transport system be managed as a single unit. To better manage the system, its components, and human uses of the system, additional research and knowledge of the system is needed. Fortunately, new sediment science and modeling tools provide opportunities for a vastly improved understanding of the sediment system, predictive capabilities and analysis of potential individual and cumulative impacts of projects. As science informs management decisions, human activities and management strategies may need to be modified to protect and provide for existing and future infrastructure and ecosystem needs. (PDF contains 3 pages)
    Keywords: Management ; Limnology ; Earth Sciences
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2011-09-29
    Description: Population pressure in coastal New Hampshire challenges land use decision-making and threatens the ecological health and functioning of Great Bay, an estuary designated as both a NOAA National Estuarine Research Reserve and an EPA National Estuary Program site. Regional population in the seacoast has quadrupled in four decades resulting in sprawl, increased impervious surface cover and larger lot rural development (Zankel, et.al., 2006). All of Great Bay’s contributing watersheds face these challenges, resulting in calls for strategies addressing growth, development and land use planning. The communities within the Lamprey River watershed comprise this case study. Do these towns communicate upstream and downstream when making land use decisions? Are cumulative effects considered while debating development? Do town land use groups consider the Bay or the coasts in their decision-making? This presentation, a follow-up from the TCS 2008 conference and a completed dissertation, will discuss a novel social science approach to analyze and understand the social landscape of land use decision-making in the towns of the Lamprey River watershed. The methods include semi-structured interviews with GIS based maps in a grounded theory analytical strategy. The discussion will include key findings, opportunities and challenges in moving towards a watershed approach for land use planning. This presentation reviews the results of the case study and developed methodology, which can be used in watersheds elsewhere to map out the potential for moving towns towards EBM and watershed-scaled, land use planning. (PDF contains 4 pages)
    Keywords: Engineering ; Limnology ; Environment ; Planning
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  • 44
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    ProBiota (Programa para el estudio y uso sustentable de la biota austral)
    Publication Date: 2013-03-16
    Description: This series will include all those people who, by means of their contributions, great and small, played a part in the consolidation of ichthyology in Argentina. The general plan of this work consists of individual factsheets containing a list of works by each author, along with reference bibliography and, whenever possible, personal pictures and additional material. The datasheets will be published primarily in chronological order, although this is subject to change by the availability of materials for successive editions. This work represents another approach for the recovery and revalorization of those who set the foundations of Argentine ichthyology while in diverse historical circumstances. I expect this to be the beginning of a major work that achieves the description of such a significant part of the history of natural sciences in Argentina.
    Keywords: Oceanography ; Biology ; Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
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  • 45
    Publication Date: 2016-05-04
    Description: Las marismas son ecosistemas regularmente inundados por el mar. Esta característica condiciona su flora y su fauna, que deben vivir en un medio sucesivamente cubierto y descubierto por el agua y caracterizado por su alta salinidad. La costa atlántica de la Patagonia (Argentina) alberga abundantes y variadas marismas, hasta el momento poco conocidas y aún menos estudiadas. El autor contesta la pregunta si pueden vivir plantas y animales terrestres en lugares regularmente cubiertos y descubiertos por las mareas, y pasar así la mitad de sus vidas sumergidos en agua de mar. Contesta sobre qué son las marismas y quiénes las habitan, en particular las de la Patagonia Argentina, la importancia del ambiente: su uso y valoración. Este artículo de divulgación incluye el mapa con marismas desde el sur de Brasil hasta la Patagonia austral sí como otras lecturas sugeridas.
    Keywords: Ecology ; Environment ; Limnology
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2018-09-07
    Description: The Taham dam reservoir has been established in order to provide drinking water of Zanjan population as far as 15 km in a mountain region at 1900 meter altitude with a 317 ha surface area. This study was conducted on biotic and a biotic factors in order to recognize of aquaculture possibility within drinking considerations. The results showed the less abundance of phytoplankton with 2 million/l. where abundant of zooplankton was 266 /l. Bacillariophyta and Chlorophyta belong to phytoplankton and Rotatoria belong to zooplankton were dominated among identified plankton phylum. There were identified 45 and 32 genus of phytoplankton and zooplankton respectively. There were identified 5 groups of benthos that Tubificidae, Hirudina had the most frequency, and the biomass of benthos was varied from 1.1 to 23.7 g /m^2. The ichtiology survey showed presence of 6 species in the lake that Alburnoides bipunctatus, Capoeta capoeta, Leuciscus cephalus were the most abundance in the catch. L. cephalus was recorded with the maximum size of 870 g while the most frequent weight class was 150 450 g for C. capoeta,, L. cephalus . Diet survey showed the adequate feeding of fishes in lake also the observation of leech in trout guts was very considerable. The reproduction study displayed that a partial of matured fishes were succeed in breeding. Leuciscus cephalus have been known as a typical species with commercial size and high abundance which will be needed a fisheries management in Taham Lake to sustainable exploitation. The hidrochemical results indicated low nutrients values while total nitrogen was varied from 0.32 to 0.61 mg/l. and the Chl-a was varied from 7.9 to 25.9 μg/l. The oxygen amount was 4.5 to 8.4 mg/l even in 65 meter depths. Total hardness average was about 149 mg/l where the Ca and Mn were measured in a low values. Trophic model in Taham lake showed the early stage of mesotrophy while other lakes and wetlands in north of Iran had been progressed in mesotrophic level.
    Keywords: Limnology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2011-09-29
    Description: The nearshore waters along the Myrtle Beach area are oceanographically referred to as Long Bay. Long Bay is the last in a series of semi-circular indentations located along the South Atlantic seaboard. The Bay extends for approximately 150 km from the Cape Fear River in North Carolina to Winyah Bay in South Carolina and has a number of small inlets (Figure 1). This region of the S.C. coast, commonly referred to as the “Grand Strand,” has a significant tourism base that accounts for a substantial portion of the South Carolina economy (i.e., 40% of the state’s total in 2002) (TIAA 2003). In 2004, the Grand Strand had an estimated 13.2 million visitors of which 90% went to the beach (MBCC 2006). In addition, Long Bay supports a shore-based hook and line fishery comprised of anglers fishing from recreational fishing piers, the beach, and small recreational boats just offshore. (PDF contains 4 pages)
    Keywords: Limnology ; Chemistry ; Environment
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2011-09-29
    Description: Shellfish bed closures along the North Carolina coast have increased over the years seemingly concurrent with increases in population (Mallin 2000). More and faster flowing storm water has come to mean more bacteria, and fecal indicator bacterial (FIB) standards for shellfish harvesting are often exceeded when no source of contamination is readily apparent (Kator and Rhodes, 1994). Could management reduce bacterial loads if the source of the bacteria where known? Several potentially useful methods for differentiating human versus animal pollution sources have emerged including Ribotyping and Multiple Antibiotic Resistance (MAR) (US EPA, 2005). Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) studies on bacterial sources have been conducted for streams in NC mountain and Piedmont areas (U.S. EPA, 1991 and 2005) and are likely to be mandated for coastal waters. TMDL analysis estimates allowable pollutant loads and allocates them to known sources so management actions may be taken to restore water to its intended uses (U.S. EPA, 1991 and 2005). This project sought first to quantify and compare fecal contamination levels for three different types of land use on the coast, and second, to apply MAR and ribotyping techniques and assess their effectiveness for indentifying bacterial sources. Third, results from these studies would be applied to one watershed to develop a case study coastal TMDL. All three watershed study areas are within Carteret County, North Carolina. Jumping Run Creek and Pettiford Creek are within the White Oak River Basin management unit whereas the South River falls within the Neuse River Basin. Jumping Run Creek watershed encompasses approximately 320 ha. Its watershed was a dense, coastal pocosin on sandy, relic dune ridges, but current land uses are primarily medium density residential. Pettiford Creek is in the Croatan National Forest, is 1133 ha. and is basically undeveloped. The third study area is on Open Grounds Farm in the South River watershed. Half of the 630 ha. watershed is under cultivation with most under active water control (flashboard risers). The remaining portion is forested silviculture.(PDF contains 4 pages)
    Keywords: Biology ; Limnology ; Environment
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 49
    Electronic Resource
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949), S. 335-363 
    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949), S. 401-409 
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    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    Electronic Resource
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    Journal of Morphology 85 (1949) 
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    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949), S. 427-457 
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    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949), S. 123-144 
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    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949) 
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949), S. 281-292 
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    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949), S. 383-399 
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949) 
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949), S. 411-426 
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    Journal of Morphology 84 (1949), S. 525-534 
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