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  • Turkish  (137)
  • Chinese  (5)
  • 2015-2019  (14)
  • 2010-2014  (128)
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  • 1
    Call number: AWI Bio-17-90819
    Description / Table of Contents: The authors completed collecting and arranging plates of photomicrographs for common pollen and spores in Quaternary strata. Given China's vast territory, complex vegetation types, a variety of plants, and polen grains with similar morphology probably produced by different plant species in different regions. We have organized this book's photomicrographs of pollen grains and spores in the division of China into five regions, i.e. northwest,northern, southeast, south and southwest China. Photomicrographs of pollen grains and spores in each region are arranged by plant classification system i.e. in order of algae, bryophyte, pteridophyte, gymnosperm, and angiosperm. All 409 plates of color photomicrographs for pollen grains and spores are finally illustrated and described.
    Description / Table of Contents: 本书整理编排了我国第四纪地层常见的孢粉类型显微照相图版,按照西北、北方、东南、华南和西南五个大区编排,并对这些区域的现代植被、第四纪植被史做了简要概述,还重点叙述了各地区第四纪主要孢粉类型、特点以及常见孢粉种类的鉴定形态特征。共分三章,第一章为我国各地区现代植被和第四纪植被概述,重点叙述了古植被与古气候的演变历史;第二章介绍本图鉴中所列出的各地区主要第四纪孢粉类型及其特点,并对不同地区常见孢粉种类
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 620 Seiten , zahlreiche Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9787030505682
    Language: Chinese , Latin
    Note: Contents: Preface. - Chapter 1: Overview of modern and Quaternary vegetation in China. - 1.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Shen Caiming. - 1.1.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.1.1.1 Gobi desert and desert vegetation in eastern Xinjiang. - 1.1.1.2 Extremely arid desert and shrubland vegetation in the Qaidam Basin. - 1.1.1.3 Arid desert shrub and semi-shrub vegetation in the Hexi Corridor. - 1.1.1.4 Sylvosteppe or pine-oak forest in the transitional region between semi-humid and semi-arid monsoonal climate of temperate zone in the Loess Plateau. - 1.1.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.1.2.1 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Qinghai. - 1.1.2.2 Holocene vegetation succession of steppe/meadow in north Xizang (Tibet). - 1.1.2.3 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the Loess Plateau. - 1.1.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Xinjiang. - 1.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu and Li Chunhai. - 1.2.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.2.1.1 Coniferous and broadleaved forest and meadow of temperate zone in Northeast China. - 1.2.1.2 Oak forest of river valley, Chinese pine forest, and shrub steppe in the lower valley of Liaohe River, North China plain, southern Shanxi, and central Shaanxi plain. - 1.2.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.2.2.1 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in North China. - 1.2.2.2 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Northeast China. - 1.3 Southeast region / Shu Junwu and Tang Lingyu. - 1.3.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.3.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.3.2.1 Vegetation succession since the mid-Pleistocene in Hubei. - 1.3.2.2 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the lower valley of the Yangtze River. - 1.3 .2.3 Forest succession since the last glaciation in southeast coast of Fujian. - 1.3.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the central Taiwan. - 1.4 South region / Mao Limi, Tang Lingyu and Shen Cairning. - 1.4.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.4.1.1 Vegetation in the southern zone of middle subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest. - 1.4.1.2 Vegetation in the zone of south subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest. - 1.4.1.3 Tropical semi-evergreen monsoonal forest and tropical monsoonal forest. - 1.4.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.4.2.1 Vegetation in the Zhujiang delta and Chaozhou plain since the Pleistocene recorded by pollen and spores. - 1.4.2.2 Vegetation and climate since the late Pleistocene in Leizhou Peninsula and Holocene vegetation and climate in Hainan Island. - 1.4.2.3 Late Quaternary pollen and spores, vegetation and climate records in the South. - 1.4.2.4 Vegetation and climate since the late Pleistocene in Hong Kong. - 1.5 Southwest region / Shu Junwu, Tang Lingyu and Shen Caiming. - 1.5.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.5.1.1 Vegetation of evergreen broadleaved forest in the Yunnan , Guizhou and western Sichuan Plateau. - 1.5.1.2 Vegetation of coniferous forest in southeast Xizang. - 1.5.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.5.2.1 Holocene vegetation in northwest Yunnan. - 1.5.2.2 Vegetation and monsoonal climate history since the late Pleistocene in western and south-central Yunnan. - 1.5.2.3 Holocene vegetation in western Sichuan. - 1.5.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in Guizhou. - 1.5.2.5 Vegetation and monsoonal climate history since the late Pleistocene in southeastern Xizang. - Chapter 2 Main types of Quaternary pollen and spores and their characteristics in different regions of China. - 2.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Mao Limi. - 2.1.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Northwest China. - 2.1.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Northwest China. - 2.1.2.1 Identifiable features of main Compositae pollen types. - 2.1.2.2 Identifiable features of Artemisia, Tamarix, and Zygophyllum pollen. - 2.1.2.3 Identifiable features of Rhamnus, Hippophae, and Elaeagnus pollen. - 2.1.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary spores and pollen in Northwest China. - 2.1.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Northwest China. - 2.1.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Northwest China. - 2.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu. - 2.2.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Northern China. - 2.2.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Northern China. - 2.2.2.1 Identification keys of pollen morphology for several saccate genera of Pinaceae. - 2.2.2.2 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for genera of Betulaceae. - 2.2.2.3 Identifiable features of tricolpate pollen from Salix and Cruciferae. - 2.2.2.4 Identifiable features of tricolpate pollen from Ranunculaceae and Labiatae. - 2.2.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary spores and pollen in Northern China. - 2.2.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Northern China. - 2.2.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Northern China. - 2.3 Southeast region / Tang Lingyu and Shu Junwu. - 2.3.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.2.1 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.2 Identification keys of pollen morphology for several genera of Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.3 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for several genera of Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.4 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for several genera of tropical and subtropical. - 2.3.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Southeast China. - 2.3.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Southeast China. - 2.4 South region / Mao Limi and Tang Lingyu. - 2.4.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.2 Identifiable features of main Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.2.1 Modern distribution and paleophytogeography of Sonneratia and its identifiable features of pollen morphology. - 2.4.2.2 Modern distribution and paleoecology significance of Rhizophoraceae and its identifiable features of pollen morphology. - 2.4.3 Photomicrographs and descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.5 Southwest region / Tang Lingyu and Shu Junwu. - 2.5.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.2 Identifiable feature of main Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.2.1 Plant distribution and pollen features of Pinaceae in Southwest China. - 2.5.2.2 Identification keys of pollen morphology for Pinaceae. - 2.5.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.3.1 Photomicrographs for common pollen in Southwest China. - 2.5.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - Chapter 3 Plates and descriptions of Quaternary pollen and spores in different region of China. - 3.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Mao Limi. - Spores of the pteridophyte Plates 1-3. - Gymnosperm pollen Plates 3-10. - Angiosperm pollen Plates 11-63. - 3.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu and Li Chunhai. - Spores of the algae Plates 1-3. - Spores of the bryophyte Plate 4. - Spores of the pteridophyte Plates 5-9. - Gymnosperm pollen Plates 9-24. - Angiosperm pollen Plates 25-63. - 3.3 Southeast region / Tang Lingyu, Zhou Zhongze and
    Location: AWI Reading room
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Beijing : Seismological Press
    Call number: M 10.0305
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 87 S.
    ISBN: 9787502836726
    Uniform Title: European Macroseismic Scale 1998
    Classification: A.2.4.
    Language: Chinese
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Bei-jing : Di-zhen chu-ban-she
    Call number: M 14.0002
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 359 S. : z.T. farb. Ill. und graph. Darst. + 1 DVD
    ISBN: 9787502843236
    Uniform Title: Stress field of the earth's crust
    Classification: A.3.10.
    Language: Chinese
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 4
    Call number: IASS 16.89776
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 530 Seiten , Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9787010149363
    Language: English , Chinese
    Branch Library: IASS Library
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-06-29
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 6
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: I20 ; I21 ; I22 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: Bu çalışmanın amacı uluslararası emtia piyasalarından kaynaklanan asimetrik ve doğrusal olmayan fiyat hareketlerinin iç fiyatlara geçişkenliğini Türkiye için ölçmektir. Bu amaçla 2003M02-2015M02 dönemine ait aylık bazda(145 gözlem) çeşitli uluslararası emtia fiyatları(petrol ve gıda fiyatları) ve iç fiyatları temsilen tüketici fiyat endeksleri ele alınmıştır. Çalışmanın ekonometrik tahminlemesinde yakın zamanda geliştirilen Doğrusal Olmayan Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif (NARDL) Modeli kullanılmıştır. Böylece uluslararası emtia fiyatlarının pozitif ve negatif “Kısmi Ayrıştırma Toplamları” kullanılarak kısa ve uzun dönem doğrusalsızlık ve asimetrik etkiler eşanlı olarak test edilmektedir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre uluslararası petrol ve gıda fiyatlarından yurtiçi enflasyon oranlarına doğru asimetrik bir fiyat geçişkenliğinin olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Öte yandan, pozitif ve negatif uluslararası emtia fiyat şoklarına karşı iç fiyatların verdiği kısmi tepkiler “Asimetrik Dinamik Hızlandıran” yaklaşımı kullanılarak ölçülmektedir. Buna göre yurtiçi enflasyon oranlarının petrol ve gıda fiyat şoklarına verdiği tepki asimetrik ve sırasıyla 20 ve 15 ay olduğu görülmüştür.
    Description: The aim of this paper is to measure asymetric and nonlinear pass-through of international commodity prices to internal prices in the Turkish case. For this purpose, monthly data set of various international commodity prices(oil and food prices) and internal prices (ie. consumer price indices) fort the period 2003M02-2015M02 (145 observations) are utilized. The econometric estimation of the study is based on the recently developed NARDL Model. This model offers a proper possibility to simultaneously test the short and long-run nonlinearity through positive and negative 'Partial Sum Decompositions' of the international commodity prices to internal prices (ie. consumer price indices). According to our findings, it is concluded that there is a pass-through from international oil and food prices to domestic prices or inflation rate in an asymmetrical sense. The NARDL Model, in hand, also allows us to quantify the respective responses of the internal prices to positive and negative commodity price shocks from the 'Asymetric Dynamic Multipliers'. Hence, domestic inflation rates' response to international oil and food prices is asymmetrical respectively in 20-month and 15-month periods.
    Keywords: C22 ; Q40 ; Q47 ; ddc:330 ; international commodity price shocks ; NARDL Model ; asymetric pass-through ; Uluslararası emtia fiyat şokları ; NARDL Modeli ; asimetrik geçişkenlik
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 8
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: Bu yazıda özellikle iktisat alanında değişmenin önemini vurgulayan açıklamalar sunacağım. Açıklamalarımda önce dünyada ve Türkiye’de özellikle son zamanlarda yaşanan değişimleri özetleyeceğim. Sonra sırasıyla kapitalizmde, teknolojide, küreselleşmede ve iktisat biliminde meydana gelen, önemli saydığım değişmeleri anlatacağım. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 9
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    Istanbul: TÜSİAD-Koç University Economic Research Forum
    Publication Date: 2019-09-18
    Description: In this paper, we investigate the responsiveness of financial markets to monetary policy expectations in Turkey. According to the efficient markets hypothesis, financial markets respond to anticipated policy actions prior to a policy announcement. As a result, they are expected to respond only to the unanticipated component of the interest rate change following the announcement. By measuring monetary policy expectations through surveys conducted by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, we find that the bond market behaves in accordance with the efficient markets hypothesis in Turkey in the 2002-2009 period. Our results suggest that the same is not necessarily true for the stock market. We check the robustness of our results to different survey types in the post-2005 period.
    Keywords: E44 ; E52 ; ddc:330 ; Monetary policy ; Expectations survey ; Financial Markets ; Geldpolitik ; Transmissionsmechanismus ; Effizienzmarktthese ; Türkei
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 10
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    Istanbul: TÜSİAD-Koç University Economic Research Forum
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 11
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    Istanbul: TÜSİAD-Koç University Economic Research Forum
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Keywords: J08 ; J68 ; J24 ; ddc:330 ; Arbeitslosigkeit ; Arbeitsmarktpolitik ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Humankapital ; Türkei
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 12
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Description: Fiyat seviyelerinin belirlenmesinde, FTPL teorisindeki geliþmeleri takiben miktar teorisinin eski mevcudiyeti sorgulanýr olmuþtur. FTPL Teorisi fiyat seviyelerinin sadece parasal büyüklüklerle deðil ayný zamanda maliye politikalarý etkisiyle de deðiþebileceðini göstermiþtir. FTPL Teorisine göre mali politikalarýn baskýn olduðu ekonomilerde fiyat seviyeleri baðýmsýz olarak uygulanan maliye politikalarýyla belirlenebilecektir. Bu görüþ hükümetlerin uyguladýðý ekonomi politikalarýný tekrar sorgulanýr hale getirmiþtir. Bu çalýþmanýn amacý Türkiye ekonomisinde 1985.01–2008.10 döneminde FTPL teorisi çerçevesinde Mali disiplini analiz etmektir. Çalýþma doðrusal modeller yerine doðrusal olmayan modeller kullanmayý amaçlamaktadýr. Bu modeller içinde belirgin olan STAR, LSTAR modelleri kullanýlacak, MLSTAR modelleri ile Stokastik Yapay Sinir Aðlarý ve MLP yöntemlerinden hareket ile SANN-MLSTAR modelleri geliþtirilecektir.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; FTPL ; SANN ; STAR ; LSTAR ; MLSTAR ; MLP
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 13
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Description: Bu calisma, Turkiye'nin 2001 krizi sonrasinda uyguladigi maliye politikasina butce harcamalari perspektifinden baktiktan sonra, 2016 ve sonrasinda beklenen dusuk buyume doneminde genisleyici bir maliye politikasinin ekonomik buyume uzerindeki etkilerini tartismaktadir. Calismanin son bolumunde ise kamu harcamalarinin buyumeye katki verecek sekilde dagitilmasi, dinamik bir model cercevesinde incelenmektedir. Sonuclar, 2001 sonrasinda izlenen maliye politikasinin butce disiplini uzerindeki olumlu etkilerini gostermekle beraber, son donemde butcenin harcama katiliginda ve yapisal butce dengesinde bazi olumsuzluklari da tartismaya acmaktadir. Bununla beraber, mevcut kamu borc stoku ve butce disiplini altinda, kamunun tuketim harcamalari yoluyla onumuzdeki dusuk buyume doneminde ekonomiye bir ivme kazandirabilecegi sonucu da elde edilmektedir. Yuksek buyume doneminde ise genisleyici bir maliye politikasinin olumsuz bir etki yapacagi da bulgular arasindadir. Kamu harcamalarinin dagiliminin incelendigi son bolumde, kamunun uretimi arttiracak altyapi yatirimlarina daha fazla agirlik vermesi gerektigi bulunmaktadir. Egitim ve sagliga ayrilan kamu sermaye stokunun buyume uzerindeki etkileri ise fiziksel altyapi yatirimlarina ayrilan kamu sermaye stoku kadar yuksek degildir. Harcama dagilimi ile ilgili bir baska bulgu ise kamunun sermaye yatirimlarina daha fazla agirlik verirken hane halki transferlerini azaltmasi gerektigidir. Son olarak, kamunun idari harcamalarinda verimlilik yoluyla saglanacak bir azalmanin toplumsal fayda uzerinde onemli ve pozitif etkileri gorulmektedir. Bu sonuc da, onumuzdeki donemde kamu verimliligini arttirip idari harcamalari kisacak onlemlerin bir politika onceligi olmasi gerektigini soylemektedir.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 14
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Description: Turkiye, 1980 askeri darbesiyle ara verilen demokrasiye yedi yil sonra yapilan serbest secimlerle geri dondu. Bu makalede, Turkiye imalat sanayiinde reel ucretler ve isyeri duzeyinde emek ve toplam faktor verimliliginin 1987’de demokrasiye gecis sonrasindaki hareketleri incelenmektedir. 1988’den 1993’e imalat sanayiinde ortalama reel ucretler %120 artti. Yine ayni donemde toplam faktor ve emek verimliliginde daha once rastlanmayan duzeyde artislar gerceklesti. O donemdeki siyasi ve ekonomik gelismeleri yakindan izleyen iktisatcilar olarak, bu gozlemlerden yola cikarak reel ucret artislarinin rekabet guclerini kaybetmek istemeyen sirketleri, emek ve toplam faktor verimliligini artirmaya zorladigi hipotezini test ediyoruz. Isyeri duzeyinde zaman serilerini kullanarak yaptigimiz Granger nedensellik testleri, nedenselligin reel ucretlerden verimlilige dogru oldugunu ortaya koymaktadir. Bu bulgular, Turkiye’nin yani sira 1980’lerin sonunda demokrasiye gecis surecini sorunsuz bir sekilde gerceklestiren G. Kore, Sili ve Tayvan gibi ulkelerde gecis doneminde yasanan hizli verimlilik artislarini da dolayli olarak aciklamakta, “demokrasiler daha yuksek ucret oderler” hipotezini (Rodrik, 1999) desteklemektedir.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Demokratik gecis ; Sendikalar ve grevler ; Reel ucretler ; Toplam faktor verimliligi ; Emek verimliligi ; Uzun-vadeli buyume.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2019-02-08
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German , English , Polish , Turkish , Romanian , Russian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 16
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Description: Increasing income inequality has made economists focus on income mobility issue which enables individuals to relocate their income position up to higher income groups. Income mobility and its effects on inequalities have begun to be investigated following 2000s and rather for developed countries while there are only a limited number of studies to reach a general conclusion regarding the issue. This study aims to contribute to the literature by analyzing income inequality and income mobility together for a developing country Turkey which is one of the countries having most unequal income distributions. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; i) income mobility increases over time but this mobility raises income inequality instead of reducing it. ii) the individuals at the two tails of the distribution are more mobile with respect to the ones in the middle. iii) 30 percent of the individuals at the lowest income group become unemployed while only 1.5 percent of them move up to the highest income group in the considering sub-periods.
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; J60 ; ddc:330 ; Income Mobility ; Income Inequality ; Turkey
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: G01 ; G15 ; E50 ; F32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 18
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Increasing income inequality has made economists focus on income mobility issue which enables individuals to relocate their income position up to higher income groups. Income mobility and its effects on inequalities have begun to be investigated following 2000s and rather for developed countries while there are only a limited number of studies to reach a general conclusion regarding the issue. This study aims to contribute to the literature by analyzing income inequality and income mobility together for a developing country Turkey which is one of the countries having most unequal income distributions. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; i) income mobility increases over time but this mobility raises income inequality instead of reducing it. ii) the individuals at the two tails of the distribution are more mobile with respect to the ones in the middle. iii) 30 percent of the individuals at the lowest income group become unemployed while only 1.5 percent of them move up to the highest income group in the considering sub-periods.
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; J60 ; ddc:330 ; Income Mobility ; Income Inequality ; Turkey
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 20
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 21
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: In this study, the main purpose is to analyze the factors that stimulate the probability of financial crises. The period of analysis covers the years of 1970-2008, thereby including the impact of recent global financial crisis. The analysis aims to make a comparison for the developed and developing country financial crises separately. Panel logit estimation technique is used for the analysis which includes 24 developed and 26 developing countries, amounting to 50 countries as total. According to estimation results, current account deficit carries the risk of raising the probability of financial crises significantly both in advanced countries and developing countries. Furthermore, credit booms during the last five-year period, as well as monetary expansion, contributed to the probability of financial crises especially in developed countries.
    Keywords: G01 ; C33 ; G18 ; G21 ; G28 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 22
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 23
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 25
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu çalışmada, eğitim ve sağlık politikalarının ve bu alanlarda yapılan harcamaların tasarruf eğilimleri üzerindeki etkisi araştırılmaktadır. Burada kaynak olarak gösterilen uygulamalı ve kuramsal çalışmalar, eğitim ve sağlık harcamalarının tasarrufları arttırdığını göstermektedir. Bu çalışmalarda ayrıca, bu alanlardaki harcamaların pozitif dışsallık özelliği göstermesinden dolayı bu sektörlerde etkin kamu politikalarına ihtiyaç duyulduğu vurgulanmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın son bölümünde Türkiye ekonomisindeki sağlık ve eğitim harcamalarının sanayileşmiş ülkelerle karşılaştırmalı bir incelemesi sunulmaktadır.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 27
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Küreselleşme süreci, bir taraftan ulus-devletlerin kendi aralarındaki bölgesel bütünleşme hareketlerini hızlandırırken, diğer taraftan da bu devletlerin yerel yönetimlere (mahalli idarelere) verdikleri önemi artırmıştır. Gelişen teknoloji ile birlikte, bölge ve alt bölgeler dünya sistemi ile doğrudan etkileşim içerisine girmiştir. Sanayi toplumundan bilgi toplumuna geçiş olarak da karakterize edilebile-cek olan bu süreçte, gerek bölge kavramının tanımı ve gerekse bölgesel geliş-me alanındaki yaklaşımlar değişmiştir. Artık büyük ölçekli kamu/özel kesim yatırımlarının ağırlıkta olduğu bölge planları yerine, daha küçük ölçekli, sür-dürülebilirlik, katılımcılık ve her (alt) bölgenin kendine özgü potansiyelleri olabileceği ve bu yörelerin bilgi toplumunda rekabet edebileceği prensiplerini benimseyen, mekansal sürekliliğin geri planda olduğu strateji ağırlıklı planlar önem kazanmaya başlamıştır. Böylece, planların müdahale alanının standart bir yaklaşım yerine, o yörenin kendine özgü koşulları, ekonomik, sosyal, çevre ve mekansal yapıları ile insan kaynaklarının durumu gözönünde bulundurula-rak belirlenmesi yaklaşımı önem kazanmıştır. Bu anlayış değişikliği ile birlikte, bölgesel kalkınma amacıyla kullanılan araçlar da, söz konusu bölgenin potansiyellerine, özelliğine ve bölge dışı fak-törlerle etkileşimine bağlı olarak, değişiklik göstermeye başlamıştır. Son yıllar-da, özellikle gelişmiş ülkelerde bölgesel gelişme alanında, “Kalkınma Ajansla-rı”, “Tek Köy-Tek Ürün” ve “Girişimciler Için Tek Durak Ofis” gibi araçlar yaygın olarak kullanılır olmuştur. Bu çalışma ortaya çıkan yeni anlayış ve po-litika araçlarını değerlendirmektedir.
    Description: Glabalization has accelerated the process towards regional integrations among the nations by bringing to the fore the complementarity between the nations. Furthermore, thanks to the rapid developments in transportation and commu-nication technologies, regions and sub-regions within each nation have been able to develop direct interaction with the world. During this process, both the definition of the region and the approaches to regional development have changed considerably: Ambitious regional de-velopment plans that are extensive in their coverage and have been replaced by regional plans that are smaller in scale, emphasizing the principles of sustaina-bility, complementarity and participation with a view that sub-regions could have specific potentials and be competitive. Under the new approach, the in-tervention area is accordingly determined with regard to specific economic, social and environmental conditions, as well as spatial structures and human resources within th region under consideration. This paper reviews various policy tools and institutional set-ups that are be-ing used for the purpose of regional development in relation to potential and specific features of the region and their interaction with external factors.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bölgesel kalkınma ; Bölgesel plan ; Kurumlar ve politika araçları ; Regional development ; Policy tools and agencies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 29
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 30
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 31
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 32
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 33
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: The purpose of this paper is to understand long-term shifts in the level of unemployment in Turkey and to explain why long-term shifts in the level of unemployment is different from other countries. After reviewing the determining unemployment factors and identifying them as the affecting factors, the recent evidences of these factors will be shown and the political results will be discussed. Finally, I will move on the econometric attempts to explain hysteresis effect for 1970-2001 period in 31 countries.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Unit Root ; Hysteresis ; Employment Taxes ; Cost of Labour to Firms ; Unemployment ; Informal Employment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 37
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 40
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
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    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
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    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 42
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
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    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 44
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 45
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu çalışmada, yerel ekonomilerin rekabet gücünün bileşenleri ele alınarak, bunların global sistemdeki yeri ve konumunu değerlendirmek üzere Porter’ca (1990) geliştirilen bir çerçeve sunulmaktadır. Ekonominin rekabet gücünü belirleyen farklı boyutlardaki faktörleri gözönüne alan bu yaklaşım, daha sonra Çanakkale ekonomisinin rekabet gücünün ölçülmesinde kullanılmakta ve bu gücün sürdürülebilir olup olmadığı irdelenmektedir. Çalışmadan elde edilen ve yerel politika belirleyicileri açısından aydınlatıcı olması beklenen sonuçlara göre, Çanakkale sürdürülebilir bir nitelik arz etmeyen, sadece kısa vadeli bir rekabet edebilirlik gücüne sahiptir ki bu da her türlü gelişmeden çok çabuk etkilenebilecek bir ekonomik yapıyı ifade etmektedir.
    Description: This study attempts to measure the strength of Çanakkale economy against local/national and global competition, by using the dynamic diamond approach developed by Porter (1990). Under this approach which takes different dimensions of the competitiveness into account, Çanakkale's economy is found to be competitive at the local/national level only to a modest degree, and not competitive on a global scale. Furthermore, the current degree of competitiveness turns out to be vulnerable to exogenous changes and is not likely to be maintained in the long-run, unless local policy makers take the necessary steps to increase the competitive power.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Yerel ekonomiler ; Porter’ın modeli ; Yerel ve küresel rekabet ; Competitiveness of local economies ; Porter's model ; Competition at local and global scales
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 48
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Small-Medium Sized Companies(SMEs) are very important in the perspectives of employment, innovation, production and as well as exportation. But as opposed to their importance, they have faced a big problem to finance investments known as financing capabilities. Since it is not easy for them to penetrate in financial markets, it is especially needed to create new ways and instruments to them to finance themselves. One way in this perspective is securities' markets. In those markets they finance themselves through issuing securities such as shares and bonds. To sell securities to the public they must supply sufficient and efficient information (public disclosure) to the existing and potential investors. On the other hand, those markets are very much in need of liquid secondary markets, stock exchanges and organized secondary markets such as over-the-counter markets. In this article besides financing needs and problems of those SMEs, social capital and Basel II issues are also examined for the SMEs and as a result of those role and importance of Stock Exchanges for the SMEs are discussed in this perspectives.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Securities Markets ; Social Capital ; Small and Medium Size Companies ; Small and Medium Size Companies' Finance ; Basel II and Stock Exchanges for SMEs
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 49
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
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    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 50
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 51
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 52
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 53
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 54
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 55
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, Türkiye'de özel ve kamu tasarruflarının zaman içinde seyrini ortaya koymak ve bunları etkileyen makro unsurları araştırmaktır. Bu amaç çerçevesinde önce bu değişkenlerin yıllık verilerinden üç-aylık değerleri hesaplanmış, sonra özel tasarrufları açıklamak üzere elde edilen bir denklem, uzun ve kısa dönemler için tahmin edilmiştir. Bu tahminler, reel kur ve kamu tasarruf dengesinin özel tasarrufları önemli ölçüde etkilediğini göstermiştir.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 56
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Gaziantep is one of the cities that have not got a serious public investment. While having capital accumulation over time, Gaziantep has never been supported in terms of investment by the Government and its economic growth profile is greater than the Turkey's average economic performance. In this study, relationships between some selected macroeconomics variables and regional employment for Gaziantep province are investigated.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Economic Development ; Regional Development ; Employment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 57
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 58
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper aims to contribute understanding of industrial dynamics of Gaziantep Province. The analysis is based on the survey data obtained in the research project named Industrial Inventory of SEAP and Transformation Tendencies in Industry funded by TUBITAK. The survey data was obtained by face to face interviews in 2057 companies in Gaziantep. But, the response rate was % 51,35 , in other words, 1056 companies were included in this paper. The inquiry consisted of 120 questions that are either multiple choice or short answer. For this study, 40 variables were chosen from the survey results which might indicate industrialization dynamics of Gaziantep. SPSS software version 15.0 was used to perform statistical analysis. First, frequency distribution tables were composed for each question and comparisons through cross-tabulations were performed to assess relations between categorical variables. At this stage, main findings were discussed and illustrated with summary tables and figures. Then, a logistic regression model was created and to formalize the study, variables that can possibly have influences on the competitiveness and export dynamics of the companies in Gaziantep were determined. According to this analysis; working capital, capacity use ratio, firm scale, ownership of firms' property, computerization of firms and educational attainment are found to be important variables for competitiveness of the firms in the district of Gaziantep.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Regional Economics ; Industry of Gaziantep ; Logistic Regression Analysis
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 59
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Klasik gelenek, konjonktür dalgalarını piyasa mekanizmasının kendiliğinden ortadan kaldırabileceği geçici sapmalar olarak değerlendirirken; kapitalizmin doğası gereği istikrarsız olduğunu kabul eden Keynesçi gelenek, aktivist politikalarla konjonktür dalgalarının önlenmesi gerektiğini ileri sürmektedir. 2007-2009 Küresel Krizi, iktisat çevrelerinde ana akım konjonktür teorileri konusunda büyük bir hayal kırıklığı yaratmıştır. Krizi öngörmeye, anlamaya, açıklamaya, hafifletmeye ve önlemeye çalışan ortodoks makro iktisat teorilerinin yetersizliği, bu teorileri krize düşürmüştür. Keynesçi aktivist politikalar dışında, ana akım makro iktisat teorileri kriz karşısında suskunluk içindedir. Krizin açıklanmasında post Keynesçi ve Avusturyacı konjonktür teorileri gibi heterodoks yaklaşımlar, ana akım makro iktisat teorilerine meydan okumaktadır. Iktisat biliminde ortodoks yaklaşımlarla heterodoks yaklaşımları uyumlaştırmanın zamanı gelmiştir.
    Keywords: B51 ; B53 ; B59 ; E32 ; E44 ; E52 ; E58 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu yazı, 2008'de başlayan küresel bunalımla birlikte iktisatta ortaya çıkan bazı zayıflıkları, eksiklikleri ve kirlenmeleri açıklamaya çalışmaktadır. Bu bağlamda bunalımın öngörülmesiyle ilgili tartışmalar, kullanılan modeller, bunalımla birlikte uygulanan iktisat politikaları ve bunalımın iktisat eğitimi üzerindeki etkileri ele alınmaktadır.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: D31 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 69
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 71
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Development Stages of W.W Rostow have five basic stages: Traditional Society, Society at the Preparatory Period for Take Off (Transitional Society), Society at the stage of Take off, Society at the stage of Drive to Maturity and Society at Age of High Mass Consumption. Introducing the similarities and dissimilarities of the country's economic history, Rostow tried to put the development level of countries in his theory which holds all development levels from poor agricultural community to mass consumption economy. As one of the most important industrial and commercial centers of Turkey, Gaziantep has a great economic power with its wide variety of rich outputs produced in industry and trade in both its region and country. With its hectic pace of growth, Gaziantep has become a model for developing cities. Gaziantep had experienced the stage of Traditional Society prior to 1930's, years between 1930 and 1979 could be defined as Transitional Stage then it has passed to Take Off Stage at 1980's and still experiences that stage. It is possible for Gaziantep to pass to the Maturity Stage soon, if the dynamism on its economy that carry the desire of becoming a brand city could be carried on and the investments towards education, culture and innovation could be increased.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Rostow ; development ; growth ; take off ; economy of Gaziantep
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Cari açık/GSYH oranının yükselmesini bekliyorsak, bu yükselmeyi önemsemeli miyiz? Türkiye’'de uzun yıllar “Borçlanma ile finanse edilebilirse kamu açığından çok kaygı duymak gerekmez” görüşü hakim oldu. Þimdi de, farklı gerekçelerle, “Özel kesim borçlanması ile finanse edilebiliyorsa, cari açıktan çok kaygı duymak gerekmez” görüşü mü var? Cari açık için makroiktisatta hangi modeller ve açıklamalar var? Cari açığa hangi makroekonomik değişkenler yoluyla bakmalıyız? Cari açığın sürdürülebilir olması ne demek? Cari açık net yabancı sermaye girişini, döviz kurunu ve Türkiye’'nin hassas konusu iç ve dış borç oranlarını nasıl etkiler? Bu etkileme ile cari açık bir bunalıma katkı yapar mı? Konu cari açık olduğunda, akla doğal olarak dış ödemelerde aksama olasılığını izleyen IMF de gelir. IMF bu konulara nasıl bakıyor? Bu çalışmanın amacı yukarıdaki gibi sorulara ve birlikte gelen tartışmalara bakmaktır.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330