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  • 2015 - 2019  (1,065,670)
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  • 1
    Description / Table of Contents: The superposition of stratified rocks is an unmistakable manifestation of the history of sedimentary processes through deep time. However, the relationship between the preserved strata of the rock record and the passage of geological time, indisputable in principle, is unknowable in detail; incompleteness is an essential property of the record. That gaps exist at all scales in sedimentary successions is easily demonstrated from consideration of sediment accumulation rates, and expectations of continuity and completeness at any scale are correspondingly inadvisable. Locating and quantifying the gaps in the record is, however, very much less straightforward. Predictive modelling of strata – essential for their practical exploitation – requires such geohistorical understanding, yet over-simplified assumptions about how time is represented in rock can still lead to inadequate or even false conclusions. The contributions to this volume describe a range of practical studies, theoretical investigations, and numerical experiments in which the nature of the strata–time relationship is explored.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VII, 325 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781862396555
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Keywords: Earth sciences ; Geochemistry ; Oceanography ; Geobiology ; Earth Sciences ; Biogeosciences ; Oceanography ; Geochemistry
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction: concept of TAIGA --- Geochemical constraints on potential biomass sustained by subseafloor water-rock interactions --- Microbial cell densities, community structures, and growth in the hydrothermal plumes of subduction hydrothermal systems --- Systematics of distributions of various elements between ferromanganese oxides and seawater from natural observation, thermodynamics, and structures --- Evaluating hydrothermal system evolution using geochronological dating and biological diversity analyses --- Quantification of microbial communities in hydrothermal vent habitats of the Southern Mariana Trough and the Mid-Okinawa Trough --- Development of hydrothermal and frictional experimental systems to simulate sub-seafloor water–rock–microbe interactions --- Experimental hydrogen production in hydrothermal and fault systems: Significance for habitability of subseafloor H2 chemoautotroph microbial ecosystems --- Experimental assessment of microbial effects on chemical interaction between seafloor massive sulfides and seawater at 4℃ --- A compilation of the stable isotopic compositions of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur in soft body parts of animals collected from deep-sea hydrothermal vent and methane seep fields: variations in energy source and importance of subsurface microbial processes in the sediment-hosted systems --- Tectonic background of four hydrothermal fields along the Central Indian Ridge --- Indian Ocean hydrothermal systems: seafloor hydrothermal activities, physical and chemical characteristics of hydrothermal fluids, and vent-associated biological communities --- Petrology and geochemistry of mid-ocean ridge basalts from the southern Central Indian Ridge --- Petrology of peridotites and related gabbroic rocks around the Kairei-hydrothermal field in the Central Indian Ridge --- Distribution and Biogeochemical Properties of Hydrothermal Plumes in the Rodriguez Triple Junction --- Vent fauna in the Central Indian Ridge --- The mantle dynamics, the crustal formation, and the hydrothermal activity of the Southern Mariana Trough back-arc Basin --- Seismic structure and seismicity in the Southern Mariana Trough and their relation to hydrothermal activity --- Electrical resistivity structure of the Snail site at the Southern Mariana Trough spreading center --- Asymmetric seafloor spreading of the southern Mariana Trough back-arc basin --- Geochemical characteristics of active backarc basin volcanisms at the southern end of Mariana Trough --- Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of hydrothermal minerals collected from hydrothermal vent fields in the Southern Mariana spreading center --- Dating of hydrothermal mineralization in active hydrothermal fields in the Southern Mariana Trough --- Intra-field variation of prokaryotic communities on and below the seafloor in the back-arc hydrothermal system of the Southern Mariana Trough --- Vent fauna in the Mariana Trough --- Population history of a hydrothermal vent-endemic snail Alviniconcha hessleri in the Mariana Trough --- Hydrothermal activity in the Okinawa Trough backarc basin -geological background and hydrothermal mineralization- --- Active rifting structures in Iheya Graben and adjacent area of the mid-Okinawa Trough observed through seismic reflection surveys --- ESR dating of barite in sea-floor hydrothermal sulfide deposits in the Okinawa Trough --- Fluid geochemistry of high-temperature hydrothermal fields in the Okinawa Trough --- Sediment‒pore water system associated with native sulfur formation at Jade hydrothermal field in Okinawa Trough --- Comparative investigation of microbial communities associated with hydrothermal activities in the Okinawa Trough --- In situ determination of bacterial growth in mixing zone of hydrothermal vent field on the Hatoma Knoll, Southern Okinawa Trough --- Vent Fauna in the Okinawa Trough --- Brief report of side-scan sonar observations around the Yokoniwa NTO massif --- Examination of volcanic activity: AUV and submersible observations of fine-scale lava flow distributions along the Southern Mariana Trough spreading axis --- Brief report of side-scan sonar imagery observations of the Archaean, Pika, and Urashima hydrothermal sites --- The Yoron Hole: the shallowest hydrothermal site in the Okinawa Trough --- The Irabu Knoll: Hydrothermal site at the eastern edge of the Yaeyama Graben --- Tarama Knoll: Geochemical and biological profiles of hydrothermal activity --- Petrography and geochemistry of basement rocks drilled from Snail, Yamanaka, Archean, and Pika hydrothermal fields at the Southern Mariana Trough by Benthic Multi-coring System (BMS) --- Pore fluid chemistry beneath active hydrothermal fields in the mid-Okinawa Trough: Results of shallow drilling by BMS during TAIGA11 cruise --- The characteristics of the seafloor massive sulfide deposits at the Hakurei Site in the Izena Hole, the Middle Okinawa Trough --- Occurrence of hydrothermal alteration minerals at the Jade hydrothermal field, in the Izena Hole, mid-Okinawa Trough --- Geochemistry of hydrothermal fluids collected from active hydrothermal systems in the southern Mariana Trough backarc spreading center --- Gamma ray doses in water around sea floor hydrothermal area in South Mariana --- 226Ra-210Pb and 228Ra-228Th dating of barite in submarine hydrothermal sulfide deposits collected at Okinawa Trough and South Mariana Trough --- OSL dating of sea floor sediments at the Okinawa Trough --- Immediate change of radiation doses from hydrothermal deposits --- Periodic behavior of deep sea current in the Hatoma Knoll hydrothermal system --- The gelatinous macroplankton community at the Hatoma Knoll hydrothermal vent
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVIII, 666 pages) , 372 illustrations, 235 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9784431548652
    Language: English
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  • 3
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    Berkeley, CA : Apress
    Keywords: Computer science ; Software engineering ; Data encryption (Computer science) ; Computer Science ; Data Encryption ; Software Engineering/Programming and Operating Systems
    Description / Table of Contents: A Practical Guide to TPM 2.0: Using the Trusted Platform Module in the New Age of Security is a straight-forward primer for developers. It shows security and TPM concepts, demonstrating their use in real applications that the reader can try out. Simply put, this book is designed to empower and excite the programming community to go out and do cool things with the TPM. The approach is to ramp the reader up quickly and keep their interest.A Practical Guide to TPM 2.0: Using the Trusted Platform Module in the New Age of Security explains security concepts, describes the TPM 2.0 architecture, and provides code and pseudo-code examples in parallel, from very simple concepts and code to highly complex concepts and pseudo-code. The book includes instructions for the available execution environments and real code examples to get readers up and talking to the TPM quickly. The authors then help the users expand on that with pseudo-code descriptions of useful applications using the TPM
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XXVII, 392 pages) , 41 illustrations
    ISBN: 9781430265849
    Language: English
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  • 4
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: satellite positioning ; GNSS ; GPS ; engineering
    Description / Table of Contents: Satellite positioning techniques, particularly global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), are capable of measuring small changes of the Earths shape and atmosphere, as well as surface characteristics with an unprecedented accuracy. This book is devoted to presenting recent results and development in satellite positioning technique and applications, including GNSS positioning methods, models, atmospheric sounding, and reflectometry as well their applications in the atmosphere, land, oceans and cryosphere. This book provides a good reference for satellite positioning techniques, engineers, scientists as well as user community.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (212 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535117384
    Language: English
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  • 5
    Keywords: Arktis
    Description / Table of Contents: This document presents the Policy-makers Summary of the 2015 AMAP Assessments of Pollution Issues (POPs Trends; Radioactivity in the Arctic; Human Health in the Arctic).
    Pages: Online-Ressource (12 Seiten)
    Language: English
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  • 6
    Keywords: Arktis
    Description / Table of Contents: This document presents the Policy-maker’s Summary of the 2015 AMAP Assessments of Short-lived Climate Pollutants (Methane, Black carbon and Ozone).
    Pages: Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Language: English
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  • 7
  • 8
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    London : Ubiquity Press
    Keywords: Governance ; Sustainable Development ; International development ; Public policy ; Nachhaltigkeit
    Description / Table of Contents: As we move from the era of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) it is important to consider how development agendas are set, the progress that has been made over the past 15 years, and how current debates are shaping global development efforts for the next 15. This book was, produced as part of a University College London-London International Development Centre research collaboration entitled, "Thinking Beyond Sectors for Sustainable Development". The aim of the book is to provide a concise introduction to the debates in a number of vital development sectors, review progress made in each sector, and to consider how looking beyond sectors might open new opportunities for inclusive, sustainable development. Each chapter in this book was produced collaboratively by academics from a wide number of disciplines. As such, it represents a truly interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral effort, of the kind that will be necessary for successful development and implementation of future international development goals.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVI, 110 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781909188433
    Language: English
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  • 9
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: agriculture
    Description / Table of Contents: This book is a collection of chapters, concerning the developments within the Agroecology field of study. The book includes scholarly contributions by various authors pertinent to Agricultural and Biological Sciences. Each contribution comes as a separate chapter complete in itself but directly related to the book's topics and objectives. The target audience comprises scholars and specialists in the field.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (230 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535121305
    Language: English
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  • 10
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: mathematics ; signal processing
    Description / Table of Contents: The application of Fourier transform (FT) in signal processing and physical sciences has increased in the past decades. Almost all the textbooks on signal processing or physics have a section devoted to the FT theory. For this reason, this book focuses on signal processing and physical sciences. The book chapters are related to fast hybrid recursive FT based on Jacket matrix, acquisition algorithm for global navigation satellite system, determining the sensitivity of output parameters based on FFT, convergence of integrals of products based on Riemann-Lebesgue Lemma function, extending the real and complex number fields for treating the FT, nonmaterial structure, Gabor transform, and chalcopyrite bioleaching. The book provides applications oriented to signal processing and physics written primarily for engineers, mathematicians, physicians and graduate students, will also find it useful as a reference for their research activities.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (222 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535121275
    Language: English
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  • 11
    Description / Table of Contents: Magnetic susceptibility (MS) is a tool frequently used by geologists on sediments or rocks to perform correlations and sea-level or climatic reconstructions. Applied measurements are made on unoriented, bulk samples and bulk MS is mostly influenced by the magnetic mineral content of the rock and often interpreted as influenced by detrital inputs. Magnetic data acquisition is fast and straightforward and this allows the high-resolution sampling needed for palaeoclimatic research (e.g. spectral analysis). However, the link with detrital inputs is not always preserved and the impact of diagenesis on the final MS signal can blur primary information. This volume includes contributions dealing with the origin of the magnetic minerals, and the application of MS as a palaeoenvironmental or palaeoclimatic proxy and also as a tool to provide astronomical calibration in order to improve the chronology of selected time intervals.
    ISBN: 9781862397217
    Language: English
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  • 12
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    Lausanne : Frontiers
    Keywords: hydrothermal vents ; extremophiles ; marine sediments ; Guaymas basin ; microbial biogeography ; microbiology
    Description / Table of Contents: Hydrothermally influenced microbial habitats and communities represent a much wider spectrum of geological setting, chemical in-situ regimes, and biotic community than the classical examples from basalt-hosted black smoker chimneys at active mid-ocean spreading centers. Hydrothermal vent ecosystems now include hydrothermally heated and chemically altered sediments, microbiota fueled by serpentinization reactions, and low-temperature vents with unusual menus of electron donors. Novel marine provinces and hydrothermal areas are being charted and explored, such as new hydrothermal vent systems in the Arctic, around Antarctica, in the Western Pacific and in the Indian Ocean. Novel environmental gradients and niches provide habitats for unusual or unprecedented microorganisms and microbial ecosystems. The discovery of novel extremophiles such as Aciduliprofundum and the Nanoarchaeota underscores that hydrothermal vent microbial communities can no longer be characterized as assemblages of only “typical” sulfur oxidizers, methanogens and heterotrophs. Different stages of hydrothermal activity, from early onset to peak activity, gradual decline, and persistence of cold and fossil vent sites, correspond to different colonization waves by microorganisms as well as megafauna. This research topic will continue to stretch the limits of hydrothermal vent microbiology, and also provide a forum for the chemical and microbial linkages of hydrothermal vents to the ocean water column and the ocean crust or sedimentary subsurface.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (286 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9782889196821
    Language: English
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  • 13
    Keywords: Environmental pollution ; Environmental economics ; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution ; Water Industry/Water Technologies ; Environmental Economics ; International Environmental Law
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I: Context and Objective --- Introduction: A Critical Appraisal of Major Water Engineering Projects and the Need for Interdisciplinary Approaches --- Water Ethics – Orientation for Water Conflicts as Part of Inter- and Transdisciplinary Deliberation --- Part II: Major Water Engineering Projects – Challenges, Problems, Opportunities.- Major Water Engineering Projects: Definitions, Framework Conditions, Systemic Effects --- A Global View on Future Major Water Engineering Projects --- Neglected Values of Major Water Engineering Projects: Ecosystem Services, Social Impacts and Economic Valuation --- Water Governance: A Systemic Approach --- Research in two Case Studies: Irrigation and Land Use in the Fergana Valley and Water Management in the Lower Jordan Valley --- Part III: The Fergana Valley – Uzbekistan’s Hydro-Agricultural System between Inertia and Change --- Between Multiple Transformations and Systemic Path Dependencies --- From Upscaling to Rescaling – Transforming the Fergana from Tsarist Irrigation to Water Management for an Independent Uzbekistan --- Irrigation Infrastructure in Fergana Today: Ecological Implications –Economic Necessities --- Where Water Meets Agriculture: The Ambivalent Role of the Water Users Associations --- Theory, the Market and the State: Agricultural Reforms in Post Socialist Uzbekistan between Economic Incentives and Institutional Obstacles --- Part IV: The Lower Jordan Valley – The Red Sea-Dead Sea Conveyance Project and its Complex History --- Water Resources, Cooperation and Power Asymmetries in the Water Management of the Lower Jordan Valley – The Situation Today and the Path that has led there --- Reclaiming the Dead Sea: Alternatives for Action --- Jordan’s Shadow State and Water Management: Prospects for Water Security will depend on Politics and Regional Cooperation --- Technologies, Incentives and Cost Recovery: Is there an Israeli Role Model? --- Part V: Outlook and Options for Action --- Lessons Learnt, Open Research Questions and Recommendations
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIX, 295 pages)
    ISBN: 9783319189710
    Language: English
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  • 14
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    Oakland, California : University of California Press
    Keywords: Urban development ; Economic development ; Income distribution ; Regional planning ; Economic policy ; Cities and towns - United States
    Description / Table of Contents: In the last several years, much has been written about growing economic challenges, increasing income inequality, and political polarization in the United States. Addressing these new realities in America’s metropolitan regions, this book argues that a few lessons are emerging: first, inequity is bad for economic growth; second, bringing together the concerns of equity and growth requires concerted local action; and third, the fundamental building block for doing this is the creation of diverse and dynamic epistemic (or knowledge) communities, which help to overcome political polarization and to address the challenges of economic restructuring and social divides.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XI, 350 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9780520960046
    Language: English
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  • 15
    Keywords: dating methods ; time range
    Description / Table of Contents: This volume provides an overview of (1) the physical and chemical foundations of dating methods and (2) the applications of dating methods in the geological sciences, biology, and archaeology, in almost 200 articles from over 200 international authors. It will serve as the most comprehensive treatise on widely accepted dating methods in the earth sciences and related fields. No other volume has a similar scope, in terms of methods and applications and particularly time range. Dating methods are used to determine the timing and rate of various processes, such as sedimentation (terrestrial and marine), tectonics, volcanism, geomorphological change, cooling rates, crystallization, fluid flow, glaciation, climate change and evolution. The volume includes applications in terrestrial and extraterrestrial settings, the burgeoning field of molecular-clock dating and topics in the intersection of earth sciences with forensics. The content covers a broad range of techniques and applications. All major accepted dating techniques are included, as well as all major datable materials.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XXVII, 978 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789400763043
    Language: English
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  • 16
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    Paris : OECD/IEA (Please request login data at the PIK library)
    Keywords: energy ; energy economics
    Description / Table of Contents: ‌Cities drive economic growth but can also drive sustainable change. As the share of the world’s population living in cities rises, ambitious action in urban areas can be instrumental in achieving long‑term sustainability of the global energy system – including the carbon emission reductions required to meet the climate goals reached at COP21 in Paris. Support from national governments is a strategic prerequisite for leveraging the potential for sustainable energy technology and policy in cities that too often lies untapped. With global energy demand set to become even greater over the coming decades, Energy Technology Perspectives 2016 (ETP 2016) looks at the technology and policy opportunities available for accelerating the transition to sustainable urban energy systems. Such potential could be the key to successfully driving an energy transition that many still think impossible, provided that local and national actions can be aligned to meet the sustainability objectives at both levels. Indeed, policies still have a long way to go in this regard: ETP 2016 presents the annual IEA Tracking Clean Energy Progress report, which finds once again that despite some notable progress, the rate of needed improvements is far slower than required to meet energy sector sustainability goals. By setting out sustainable energy transition pathways that incorporate detailed and transparent quantitative analysis alongside well-rounded commentary, ETP 2016 and its series of related publications have become required reading not only for experts in the energy field, policy makers and heads of governments, but also for business leaders and investors.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (412 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789264252332
    Language: English
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  • 17
    Keywords: geochemistry ; geophysics ; volcanism ; volcanoes ; volcanic lake ; crater lake ; acidic lake ; neutral lake
    Description / Table of Contents: Corentin Caudron, Takeshi Ohba, and Bruno Capaccioni: Geochemistry and geophysics of active volcanic lakes: an introduction / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:1-8, first published on April 20, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP437.18 --- Acidic lakes --- Vincent van Hinsberg, Nathalie Vigouroux, Stephanie Palmer, Kim Berlo, Guillaume Mauri, Anthony Williams-Jones, Jeffrey Mckenzie, Glyn Williams-Jones, and Tobias Fischer: Element flux to the environment of the passively degassing crater lake-hosting Kawah Ijen volcano, Indonesia, and implications for estimates of the global volcanic flux / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:9-34, first published on December 17, 2015, doi:10.1144/SP437.2 --- Hendra Gunawan, Corentin Caudron, John Pallister, Sofyan Primulyana, Bruce Christenson, Wendy Mccausland, Vincent van Hinsberg, Jennifer Lewicki, Dmitri Rouwet, Peter Kelly, Christoph Kern, Cynthia Werner, Jeffrey B. Johnson, Sri Budi Utami, Devy Kamil Syahbana, Ugan Saing, Suparjan, Bambang Heri Purwanto, Christine Sealing, Maria Martinez Cruz, Sukir Maryanto, Philipson Bani, Antoine Laurin, Agathe Schmid, Kyle Bradley, I Gusti Made Agung Nandaka, and Mochammad Hendrasto: New insights into Kawah Ijen's volcanic system from the wet volcano workshop experiment / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:35-56, first published on February 25, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.7 --- Corentin Caudron, Guillaume Mauri, Glyn Williams-Jones, Thomas Lecocq, Devy Kamil Syahbana, Raphael De Plaen, Loic Peiffer, Alain Bernard, and Ginette Saracco: New insights into the Kawah Ijen hydrothermal system from geophysical data / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:57-72, first published on January 22, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.4 --- Dmitri Rouwet, Raúl Mora-Amador, Carlos J. Ramírez-Umaña, Gino González, and Salvatore Inguaggiato: Dynamic fluid recycling at Laguna Caliente (Poás, Costa Rica) before and during the 2006–ongoing phreatic eruption cycle (2005–10) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:73-96, first published on March 24, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.11 --- B. Capaccioni, D. Rouwet, and F. Tassi: HCl degassing from extremely acidic crater lakes: preliminary results from experimental determinations and implications for geochemical monitoring / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:97-106, first published on March 24, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.12 --- Mariano R. Agusto, Alberto Caselli, Romina Daga, Johan Varekamp, Alcira Trinelli, María Dos Santos Afonso, María Laura Velez, Pablo Euillades, and Sergio Ribeiro Guevara: The crater lake of Copahue volcano (Argentina): geochemical and thermal changes between 1995 and 2015 / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:107-130, first published on December 23, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.16 --- Pedro A. Hernández, Gladys V. Melián, Luis Somoza, Mª Carmencita Arpa, Nemesio M. Pérez, Ericson Bariso, Hirochicka Sumino, Eleazar Padrón, Johan C. Varekamp, José Albert-Beltran, and Renato Solidum: The acid crater lake of Taal Volcano, Philippines: hydrogeochemical and hydroacoustic data related to the 2010–11 volcanic unrest / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:131-152, first published on February 2, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP437.17 --- D. Rouwet and M. Iorio: The sedimentation of Suminagashi-like floating clay patterns at El Chichón crater lake (Chiapas, Mexico) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:153-161, first published on February 4, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.9 --- Neutral lakes --- Tomofumi Kozono, Minoru Kusakabe, Yutaka Yoshida, Romaric Ntchantcho, Takeshi Ohba, Gregory Tanyileke, and Joseph V. Hell: Numerical assessment of the potential for future limnic eruptions at lakes Nyos and Monoun, Cameroon, based on regular monitoring data / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:163-175, first published on January 19, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.8 --- T. Ohba, S. Ooki, Y. Oginuma, M. Kusakabe, Y. Yoshida, A. Ueda, K. Anazawa, K. Saiki, K. Kaneko, Y. Miyabuchi, Issa, F. Aka, W. Fantong, A. Ako, G. Tanyileke, and J.V. Hell: Decreasing removal rate of the dissolved CO2 in Lake Nyos, Cameroon, after the installation of additional degassing pipes / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:177-184, first published on December 23, 2015, doi:10.1144/SP437.6 --- Kazuto Saiki, Katsuya Kaneko, Takeshi Ohba, Mitsuhisa Sanemasa, Minoru Kusakabe, Romaric Ntchantcho, Alain Fouepe, Gregory Tanyileke, and Joseph V. Hell: Vertical distribution of dissolved CO2 in lakes Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon) as estimated by sound speed in water / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:185-192, first published on February 18, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.10 --- Mitsuhisa Sanemasa, Kazuto Saiki, Katsuya Kaneko, Takeshi Ohba, Minoru Kusakabe, Romaric Ntchantcho, Alain Fouepe, Gregory Tanyileke, and Joseph V. Hell: A new method to determine dissolved CO2 concentration of lakes Nyos and Monoun using the sound speed and electrical conductivity of lake water / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:193-203, first published on December 23, 2015, doi:10.1144/SP437.5 --- Yutaka Yoshida, Minoru Kusakabe, Issa, Takeshi Ohba, Gregory Tanyileke, and Joseph Victor Hell: Decreasing capability of the degassing systems at lakes Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon): a new gas removal system applied to Lake Monoun to prevent a future limnic eruption / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:205-212, first published on December 17, 2015, doi:10.1144/SP437.3 --- Akiko Ozawa, Akira Ueda, Wilson Y. Fantong, Katsuro Anazawa, Yutaka Yoshida, Minoru Kusakabe, Takeshi Ohba, Greg Tanyileke, and Joseph V. Hell: Rate of siderite precipitation in Lake Nyos, Cameroon / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:213-222, first published on June 22, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.13 --- Martin Zimmer, Franco Tassi, Orlando Vaselli, Christian Kujawa, Jacopo Cabassi, and Joerg Erzinger: The gas membrane sensor (GMS) method: a new analytical approach for real-time gas concentration measurements in volcanic lakes / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:223-232, first published on December 17, 2015, doi:10.1144/SP437.1 --- Gladys Melián, Luís Somoza, Eleazar Padrón, Nemesio M. Pérez, Pedro A. Hernández, Hirochika Sumino, Victor H. Forjaz, and Zilda França: Surface CO2 emission and rising bubble plumes from degassing of crater lakes in São Miguel Island, Azores / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:233-252, first published on August 12, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.14 --- J. N. Lefkowitz, J. C. Varekamp, R. W. Reynolds, and E. Thomas: A tale of two lakes: the Newberry Volcano twin crater lakes, Oregon, USA / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437:253-288, first published on November 25, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP437.15
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VIII, 295 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 9781786202444
    Language: English
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  • 18
    Keywords: crust ; faults ; fault geometric analysis ; fault kinematic analysis ; fault zone structure ; fault-related folding ; pre-existing structure and reactivation
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to the geometry and growth of normal faults / Conrad Childs, Robert E. Holdsworth, Christopher A.-L. Jackson, Tom Manzocchi, John J. Walsh and Graham Yielding / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 1-9, 5 September 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.24 --- Fault geometric analysis --- The geometry of branch lines / Graham Yielding / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 11-22, 22 February 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.1 --- Interactions and growth of faults in an outcrop-scale system / A. Nicol, C. Childs, J. J. Walsh, T. Manzocchi and M. P. J. Schöpfer / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 23-39, 10 March 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.9 --- Myths about normal faulting / D. A. Ferrill, A. P. Morris, R. N. McGinnis and K. J. Smart / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 41-56, 30 March 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.12 --- Growth of layer-bound normal faults under a regional anisotropic stress field / R. Ghalayini, C. Homberg, J. M. Daniel and F. H. Nader / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 57-78, 6 April 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.13 --- Fault kinematic analysis --- Spatial distribution and evolution of fault-segment boundary types in rift systems: observations from experimental clay models / P. S. Whipp, C. A.-L. Jackson, R. W. Schlische, M. O. Withjack and R. L. Gawthorpe / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 79-107, 31 March 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.7 --- 3D geometry and kinematic evolution of extensional fault-related folds, NW Red Sea, Egypt / Samir M. Khalil and Ken R. McClay / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 109-130, 30 March 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.11 --- Rift migration and lateral propagation: evolution of normal faults and sediment-routing systems of the western Corinth rift (Greece) / Mary Ford, Romain Hemelsdaël, Marco Mancini and Nikolaos Palyvos / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 131-168, 15 August 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.15 --- Interaction between gravity-driven listric normal fault linkage and their hanging-wall rollover development: a case study from the western Niger Delta, Nigeria / Hamed Fazlikhani, Stefan Back, Peter A. Kukla and Haakon Fossen / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 169-186, 13 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.20 --- Techniques to determine the kinematics of synsedimentary normal faults and implications for fault growth models / Christopher A.-L. Jackson, Rebecca E. Bell, Atle Rotevatn and Anette B. M. Tvedt / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 187-217, 7 February 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.22 --- Growth and interaction of normal faults and fault network evolution in rifts: insights from three-dimensional discrete element modelling / Emma Finch and Rob Gawthorpe / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 219-248, 30 August 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.23 --- Fault zone structure --- The geometry and dimensions of fault-core lenses / Roy H. Gabrielsen, Alvar Braathen, Magnus Kjemperud and Marie Lovise R. Valdresbråten / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 249-269, 5 February 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.4 --- Widening of normal fault zones due to the inhibition of vertical propagation / V. Roche, C. Homberg, M. van der Baan and M. Rocher / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 271-288, 5 February 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.5 --- Fracture networks of normal faults in fine-grained sedimentary rocks: examples from Kilve Beach, SW England / Tore Skar, Silje S. Berg, Roy H. Gabrielsen and Alvar Braathen / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 289-306, 26 September 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.10 --- Three-dimensional Distinct Element Method modelling of the growth of normal faults in layered sequences / Martin P. J. Schöpfer, Conrad Childs, Tom Manzocchi and John J. Walsh / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 307-332, 15 September 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.17 --- Throw partitioning across normal fault zones in the Ptolemais Basin, Greece / Efstratios Delogkos, Tom Manzocchi, Conrad Childs, Christos Sachanidis, Tryfon Barbas, Martin P. J. Schöpfer, Alexandros Chatzipetros, Spyros Pavlides and John J. Walsh / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 333-353, 21 November 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.19 --- Fault-related folding --- The relationship between normal drag, relay ramp aspect ratio and fault zone structure / C. Childs, T. Manzocchi, A. Nicol, J. J. Walsh, A. M. Soden, J. C. Conneally and E. Delogkos / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 355-372, 17 August 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.16 --- Occurrence and development of folding related to normal faulting within a mechanically heterogeneous sedimentary sequence: a case study from Inner Moray Firth, UK / A. Lăpădat, J. Imber, G. Yielding, D. Iacopini, K. J. W. McCaffrey, J. J. Long and R. R. Jones / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 373-394, 26 September 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.18 --- The brittle and ductile components of displacement along fault zones / C. Homberg, J. Schnyder, V. Roche, V. Leonardi and M. Benzaggagh / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 395-412, 1 March 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.21 --- Pre-existing structure and reactivation --- The impact of multiple extension events, stress rotation and inherited fabrics on normal fault geometries and evolution in the Cenozoic rift basins of Thailand / C. K. Morley / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 413-445, 13 April 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.3 --- Importance of pre-existing fault size for the evolution of an inverted fault system / Cathal Reilly, Andrew Nicol and John Walsh / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 447-463, 5 February 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.2 --- Post-Caledonian extension in the West Norway–northern North Sea region: the role of structural inheritance / Haakon Fossen, Hamed Fazli Khani, Jan Inge Faleide, Anna K. Ksienzyk and W. James Dunlap / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 465-486, 5 February 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.6 --- Influence of fault geometries and mechanical anisotropies on the growth and inversion of hanging-wall synclinal basins: insights from sandbox models and natural examples / O. Ferrer, K. McClay and N. C. Sellier / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 487-509, 15 March 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.8 --- Timing, growth and structure of a reactivated basin-bounding fault / Robert P. Worthington and John J. Walsh / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 439, 511-531, 1 July 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP439.14
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VIII, 540 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 9781862399679
    Language: English
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  • 19
    Keywords: Tsunami ; Indian Ocean
    Description / Table of Contents: This is the first volume of a collection of essays focusing on progress in tsunami science since the great tsunami of 26 December. A magnitude Mw 9.1 earthquake (third strongest ever instrumentally recorded) generated a global tsunami that killed about 230,000 people along the coasts of 14 countries in the Indian Ocean and propagated as far as the North Pacific and North Atlantic. Since then, various countries from around the globe contributed major funding to tsunami research and mitigation, enabling the installation of hundreds of new high-precision instruments, the development of new technology and the establishment of more modern communication systems. As a result, incredible progress has been achieved in tsunami research and operation during the ten years after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. The papers presented in this first of two special volumes of Pure and Applied Geophysics reflect the state of tsunami science during this time. Eight papers are related to case studies highlighting regional hazards around the globe, while five papers record progress in tsunami warning systems. Benchmark studies that describe the accuracy of numerical models for tsunami impact, as well as a variety of inundation and generation studies, are presented by 7 additional papers.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VI, 390 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783034809115
    Language: English
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  • 20
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Keywords: dynamic systems ; fractals
    Description / Table of Contents: Chaotic dynamic systems and non-linear processes, together with the resulting fractals and multifractals, are fundamental for analyzing data and understanding processes in the Earth and Environmental Sciences. Many processes and phenomena, poorly recognized only a few years ago, now can be studied and understood with the help of conceptual models from the fields of fractals and dynamics systems. This represents a bold step towards understanding how planet Earth works. The twenty-one papers presented in this volume reflect the state of fundamental and applied research on fractals and dynamic systems in Geoscience, from magma dynamics to geomorphology, from seismology to space science. The volume is of interest to scientists using fractals, multifractals, non-linear dynamics and chaos theory for analyzing complex datasets, as those arising from geological and geophysical processes. Postgraduate students and students in various fields of geoscience as well as physics and applied mathematics will also find the book to be a valuable resource for a clear view of the leading-edge research on fractals and dynamic systems in Geoscience.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VI, 302 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783034809351
    Language: English
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  • 21
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Keywords: earthquake ; early warning ; EEWS
    Description / Table of Contents: The present topical volume presents a collection of contributions from a workshop that took place in Madrid in February 2014. Earthquake Early Warning System (EEWS) are a rather recent development in seismology that allows issue warnings to a site with a short lead-time about the impending arrival of the largest strong ground motion from an earthquake, after the first wave arrivals have been detected nearer to the source by adequate sensors. The Ibero-Mahgrebian region, containing Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, is subject to the occurrence of large earthquakes that may be followed by large tsunamis, as was the case of the Lisbon earthquake of 1755.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (V, 148 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783034809412
    Language: English
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  • 22
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    Basel, Boston, Berlin : Birkhäuser
    Keywords: multihazard simulations ; Tsunami
    Description / Table of Contents: This issue contains 16 papers, presenting work on tsunami hazards, earthquakes, and related computational infrastructure. The integration of multihazard simulations and remotely sensed observations is providing enormous benefits to earthquake and tsunami research. Earthquakes cause damage, but also generate tsunamis, which create additional damage. Remotely sensed observations coupled with geologic field measurements and simulations contribute to our understanding of earthquake processes, which is necessary for mitigating loss of life and property from these damaging events. This book focuses on assimilation of remotely sensed observations to advance multihazards simulation. This capability provides a powerful virtual laboratory to probe earthquake behavior and the earthquake cycle. Hence, it offers a new opportunity to gain understanding of the earthquake nucleation process, precursory phenomena, and space-time seismicity patterns needed for breakthrough advances in earthquake forecasting and hazard quantification.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VI, 250 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783034809443
    Language: English
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  • 23
    Keywords: radon ; natural hazards ; health hazard ; noble gas ; radioactive chemical element
    Description / Table of Contents: Radon, Health and Natural Hazards: a signpost for assessment and protection in the 21st century / G. K. Gillmore, F. E. Perrier and R. G. M. Crockett / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 1-5, 31 January 2018, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.11 --- Radon as a carcinogenic built-environmental pollutant / Gavin K. Gillmore, Robin G. M. Crockett and Paul S. Phillips / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 7-34, 6 January 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.5 --- Significant annual and sub-annual cycles in indoor radon concentrations: seasonal variation and correction / Robin G. M. Crockett, Christopher J. Groves-Kirkby, Antony R. Denman and Paul S. Phillips / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 35-47, 1 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.2 --- Radon as an anthropogenic indoor air pollutant as exemplified by radium-dial watches and other uranium- and radium-containing artefacts / Robin G. M. Crockett and Gavin K. Gillmore / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 49-61, 9 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.4 --- Radon dynamics in a dwelling with high radon levels in a karst area / J. Vaupotič, A. Brodar, A. Gregorič and I. Kobal / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 63-82, 11 January 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.9 --- Radionuclides in groundwater, rocks and stream sediments in Austria – results from a recent survey / Gerhard Schubert, Rudolf Berka, Christian Katzlberger, Klaus Motschka, Monika Denner, Johannes Grath and Rudolf Philippitsch / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 83-112, 23 May 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.10 --- Effective radium-226 concentration in rocks, soils, plants and bones / Frédéric Perrier, Frédéric Girault and Hélène Bouquerel / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 113-129, 21 November 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.8 --- Radon-222 and radium-226 occurrence in water: a review / Frédéric Girault, Frédéric Perrier and Tadeusz A. Przylibski / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 131-154, 2 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.3 --- Radon and carbon dioxide around remote Himalayan thermal springs / Frédéric Girault, Bharat Prasad Koirala, Mukunda Bhattarai and Frédéric Perrier / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 155-181, 2 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.6 --- Radon surveys and monitoring at active volcanoes: learning from Vesuvius, Stromboli, La Soufrière and Villarrica / C. Cigolini, M. Laiolo, D. Coppola, C. Trovato and G. Borgogno / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 183-208, 1 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.1 --- Radon: a radioactive therapeutic element / Tadeusz Andrzej Przylibski / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 451, 209-236, 2 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP451.7
    Pages: Online-Ressource (244 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    ISBN: 9781786203083
    Language: English
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  • 24
    Keywords: microfluidics ; CO2 sequestration ; CO2 capture ; flow control
    Description / Table of Contents: Increasing innovations and applications make microfluidics a versatile choice for researchers in many disciplines. This book consists of multiple review chapters that aim to cover recent advances and new applications of microfluidics in biology, electronics, energy, and materials sciences. It provides comprehensive views of various aspects of microfluidics ranging from fundamentals of fabrication, flow control, and droplet manipulation to the most recent exploration in emerging areas such as material synthesis, imaging and novel spectroscopy, and marriage with electronics. The chapters have many illustrations showcasing exciting results. This book should be useful for those who are eager to learn more about microfluidics as well as researchers who want to pick up new concepts and developments in this fast-growing field.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (420 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535127864
    Language: English
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  • 25
    Description / Table of Contents: This volume consists of some papers presented at the AMS Symposium held to honor the memory of the late Professor Michio Yanai as well as additional works inspired by his research. By the nature of this volume, many of the contributed papers describe the development of tropical meteorology over the past half-century or so in connection with Professor Yanai’s influence on it. While most of the chapters address specific areas and discuss timely issues, in this prologue I will describe some of Professor Yanai’s contributions during the early period of his career from my own point of view. As this is a personal reminiscence, I would like to emphasize how Professor Yanai influenced me. Both Professor Yanai and I became graduate students at the University of Tokyo to begin our career as meteorologists in 1956 and 1957, respectively. Since we studied and worked together so closely for a long time, in this article I will call him Yanai-san as I have done in our personal interactions.
    Language: English
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  • 26
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: aerosols ; air quality
    Description / Table of Contents: Aerosols have a significant impact on technological processes and human activities. In many cases, aerosols are at the core of human health, environmental and technological problems (climate change and air quality). However, aerosols can be successfully used in industry and technology (new materials, fire suppression and fuel delivery). The current scientific status of aerosol modelling and simulation and measurements and some advances in computational techniques, particle measurement technologies and practical applications of aerosols are reviewed and considered in this book. This book also includes a number of case studies focused on analysis of optical thickness and air quality in various regions.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (204 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128441
    Language: English
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  • 27
    Keywords: Environment ; Climate change ; Energy industries ; Environment ; Climate Change ; Climate Change Management and Policy ; Energy Economics
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. Earth's Climate System --- Chapter 2. Forecasting Global Warming --- Chapter 3. Paris INDCs --- Chapter 4. Implementation.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVII, 186 pages) , 58 illustrations, 54 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319469393
    Language: English
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  • 28
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    Singapore : Springer
    Keywords: Environment ; Climate change ; Environmental management ; Sustainable development ; Environment ; Sustainable Development ; Climate Change Management and Policy ; Environmental Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction --- Part 1: Asia is a key for sustainable low carbon society --- 1. GHG reduction potential in Asia --- 2. Transition to a low carbon future in China towards 2°C Global target --- 3. India’s GHG Emission Reduction and Sustainable Development --- 4. 80% reduction scenario in Japan --- 5. Potential of low carbon development in Vietnam, from practices to legal framework --- Part 2: Brigding the gap between modeling and real policy development --- 6. Designing a National Policy Framework for NAMAs -Lesson learnt from Thailand- --- 7. ‘Science-to-Action’ of the Sustainable Low Carbon City-region --- Part 3:Best parctices and recommendations in each sector to make it happen --- 8. Low Carbon Transport in India - Assessment of Best Practice Case Studies - --- 9. Potential of Reducing GHG Emission from REDD+ Activities in Indonesia --- 10. Fostering capacity development for ASIA leapfrog --- 11. Capacity development on GHG inventories in Asia -WGIA Workshop on Greenhouse gas Inventory in Asia- --- 12. Japan’s Comprehensive and Continual Support Package for the Creation of Scientific Climate Policies in Asia
    Pages: Online-Ressource (X, 270 pages) , 99 illustrations, 70 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9789812878267
    Language: English
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  • 29
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    Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Gabler
    Keywords: Business ; Management ; Industrial management ; Management information systems ; E-business ; Electronic commerce ; E-commerce ; Business and Management ; Innovation/Technology Management ; e-Commerce/e-business ; Business Process Management ; e-Business/e-Commerce
    Description / Table of Contents: Vorwort --- 1. Datenqualität - eine Managementaufgabe --- 2. Fallstudien zur Datenqualität --- 3. Methoden und Werkzeuge des Datenqualitätsmanagements --- 4. Erfolgsfaktoren und Sofortmaßnahmen --- Glossar
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIX, 205 Seiten) , 10 Abbildungen in Farbe
    ISBN: 9783662468067
    Language: German
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  • 30
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    Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer
    Keywords: Mathematics ; Computer graphics ; Dynamics ; Ergodic theory ; Functions of complex variables ; Differential geometry ; Physics ; Mathematics ; Differential Geometry ; Functions of a Complex Variable ; Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory ; Computer Graphics ; Numerical and Computational Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Discrete conformal maps: Boundary value problems, circle domains, Fuchsian and Schottky uniformization: Alexander I. Bobenko, Stefan Sechelmann, Boris Springborn --- Discrete complex analysis on planar quad-graphs: Alexander I. Bobenko and Felix Günther --- Approximation of conformal mappings using conformally equivalent triangular lattices: Ulrike Bücking --- Numerical Methods for the Discrete Map Za: Folkmar Bornemann, Alexander Its, Sheehan Olver, and Georg Wechslberger --- A variational principle for cyclic polygons with prescribed edge lengths: Hana Kourimská, Lara Skuppin, Boris Springborn --- Complex Line Bundles over Simplicial Complexes and their Applications: Felix Knöppel and Ulrich Pinkall --- Holomorphic vector fields and quadratic differentials on planar triangular meshes: Wai Yeung Lam, Ulrich Pinkall --- Vertex normals and face curvatures of triangle meshes: Xiang Sun, Caigui Jiang, Johannes Wallner, and Helmut Pottmann --- S-conical cmc surfaces. Towards a unified theory of discrete surfaces with constant mean curvature: Alexander I. Bobenko and Tim Hoffmann --- Constructing solutions to the Björling problem for isothermic surfaces by structure preserving discretization: Ulrike Bücking and Daniel Matthes --- On the Lagrangian Structure of Integrable Hierarchies: Yuri B. Suris, Mats Vermeeren --- On the variational interpretation of the discrete KP equation: Raphael Boll, Matteo Petrera, and Yuri B. Suris --- Six topics on inscribable polytopes: Arnau Padrol and Günter M. Ziegler --- DGD Gallery: Storage, sharing, and publication of digital research data: Michael Joswig, Milan Mehner, Stefan Sechelmann, Jan Techter, and Alexander I. Bobenko
    Pages: Online-Ressource (X, 439 pages) , 114 illustrations, 67 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783662504475
    Language: English
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  • 31
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    Cham : Springer
    Keywords: Mathematics ; Computer simulation ; Differential equations ; Partial differential equations ; Computer mathematics ; Mathematical models ; Mathematics ; Ordinary Differential Equations ; Partial Differential Equations ; Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics ; Computational Science and Engineering ; Simulation and Modeling
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface --- 1 Dimensions and Units --- 2 Ordinary Differential Equations Models --- 3 Basic Partial Differential Equations Models --- Advanced Partial Differential Equations Models --- References --- Index
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIII, 138 pages) , 22 illustrations
    ISBN: 9783319327266
    Language: English
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  • 32
    Keywords: Environmental economics ; Economics ; Environmental Economics
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction --- Part I: Concepts and Methods --- Methods --- Institutional Framework of Taking Action Against Land Degradation --- Part II: Global --- Global Extent Of Land Degradation --- Ground-Truthing of Land Degradation Mapping --- The Global Cost of Land Degradation --- Global Drivers of Land Degradation --- ELD in Global Rangelands --- Part III: Regional --- ELD in Sub-Saharan Africa --- ELD in Central Asia --- Part IV: Country Case Studies: Cost, Drivers and Action Against of Land Degradation --- Argentina --- Bhutan --- China --- Ethiopia --- India --- Kenya --- Niger --- Russia --- Senegal --- Tanzania and Malawi.-Uzbekistan --- Part V: Lessons Learnt and Implications --- What Can We Learn from the Cost of Inaction Against Land Degradation? --- What Can We Learn from the Success Stories of Addressing or Preventing Land Degradation? --- What are the Low-hanging Fruits for Addressing Land Degradation?.-What the World Needs to do to Build Momentum of Addressing Land Degradation?
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVIII, 686 pages)
    ISBN: 9783319191683
    Language: English
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  • 33
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: artificial intelligence ; pattern recognition
    Description / Table of Contents: Pattern recognition continued to be one of the important research fields in computer science and electrical engineering. Lots of new applications are emerging, and hence pattern analysis and synthesis become significant subfields in pattern recognition. This book is an edited volume and has six chapters arranged into two sections, namely, pattern recognition analysis and pattern recognition applications. This book will be useful for graduate students, researchers, and practicing engineers working in the field of machine vision and computer science and engineering.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (134 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128045
    Language: English
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  • 34
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: air quality ; atmosphere ; air pollution
    Description / Table of Contents: Addressing the matter of air quality in a collection of focused scientific topic chapters is timely as a contribution to the international discussion and challenges of global warming and climate change. This book engages with the debate by considering some of the social, public health, economic and scientific issues that relate to the contribution made by airborne pollutants to the observable trending variances in weather, climate and atmospheric conditions. From a wide range of submissions for inclusion in the book, there are seven carefully selected chapters that individually relate to air sampling and analysis: the monitoring, measurement and modelling of air quality. The authors come from a range of academic and scientific disciplines, and each is internationally credited in his/her field. This book will appeal to scholars, to students and generally to those interested in the following contemporary thought in the matter of environment pollution, air quality and the issues of climate and atmosphere the world is facing today.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (194 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535127659
    Language: English
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  • 35
    Keywords: sustainable energy ; energy sources
    Description / Table of Contents: The sustainable energy sources are potentially employed to substitute petrol fuels in transport engines such as buses and small vehicles. Hydrogen-enriched compressed natural gas engines are forthcoming energy carriers for the internal combustion engine, with higher thermal efficiency and less pollutant emissions. The different availability of renewables has allowed various countries to adopt the most appropriate type of renewable energy technology according to their energy source adequacy/abundance. In Taiwan, ocean energy is considered as an abundant source of renewables due to its geographical location as an island. The Taiwanese government has approved the investment to construct an MW-scale demonstration electricity plant. In this book, the Taiwanese ocean energy experience is comprehensively presented. The technical and legal analyses of ocean energy implementation are provided. The challenges that they had to overcome to optimize the utilization of the most available ocean energy potential are discussed. The sustainable transition in South Africa would be a good example for implementing rooftop solar, especially in low-income communities. Apart from the environmental benefits, sustainable energy technologies can boost the socioeconomic level of developing countries. Other advantages may be the continuous supply of energy and creation of new job opportunities. Moreover, sustainable renewable energy sources such as the wind could be employed for generating electricity to operate water purification systems in remote areas. This, in turn, would overcome the health problems associated with drinking water scarcity issues. This book is an attempt to cover the sustainable energy issues from a technical perspective. Furthermore, the sustainable energy applications and existing case studies are helpful illustrations for the broad understanding of the importance of sustainable energy.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (204 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128403
    Language: English
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  • 36
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: smart cities ; urban development
    Description / Table of Contents: What are smart cities? What are their purposes? What are the impacts resulting from their implementations? With these questions in mind, this book is compiled with the primary concern of answering readers with different profiles; from those interested in acquiring basic knowledge about the various topics surrounding the subject related to smart cities, to those who are more motivated by knowing the technical elements and the technological apparatus involving this theme. This book audience is multidisciplinary, as it will be confirmed by the various chapters addressed here. It explores different knowledge areas, such as electric power systems, signal processing, telecommunications, electronics, systems optimization, computational intelligence, real-time systems, renewable energy systems, and information systems.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (244 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128083
    Language: English
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  • 37
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: waves ; microwave systems ; wireless communication ; antenna
    Description / Table of Contents: Microwave systems are key components of every modern wireless communication system. The main objective of this book was to collect as many different state-of-the-art studies as possible in order to cover in a single volume the main aspects of microwave systems and applications. This book contains 17 chapters written by acknowledged experts, researchers, academics, and microwave engineers, providing comprehensive information and covering a wide range of topics on all aspects of microwave systems and applications. This book is divided into four parts. The first part is devoted to microwave components. The second part deals with microwave ICs and innovative techniques for on-chip antenna design. The third part presents antenna design cases for microwave systems. Finally, the last part covers different applications of microwave systems.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (432 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128687
    Language: English
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  • 38
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: manifold ; geometry
    Description / Table of Contents: Differential geometry is a very active field of research and has many applications to areas such as physics and gravity, for example. The papers in this book cover a number of subjects which will be of interest to workers in these areas. It is hoped that the papers here will be able to provide a useful resource for researchers with regard to current fields of research in this important area.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (158 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128724
    Language: English
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  • 39
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: hydrology ; water ; water chemistry ; biomonitoring
    Description / Table of Contents: As concerns increase over the scarcity of water resources and the role of anthropogenic activities, water quality is evermore important. Activities ranging from agriculture to mining have had a bearing on the quality of water that they impact. Several studies assessing such impacts have been conducted at local and global scales over the years. This book, consisting of contributions by authors in various water-related fields, delves into some approaches that are used to understand and/or to improve water quality, and these include assessment of water chemistry, biomonitoring, modelling and water treatment. This book will be useful to environmental scientists, water professionals, researchers, academics and students.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (426 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128823
    Language: English
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  • 40
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: Polysaccharides ; marine organisms
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1: Chitosan as Source for Pesticide Formulations by Sebastián D. Ippólito, Julieta R. Mendieta, María C. Terrile, Claudia V. Tonón, Andrea Y. Mansilla, Silvana Colman, Liliana Albertengo, María S. Rodríguez and Claudia A. Casalongué --- Chapter 2: Chitosan in Agriculture: A New Challenge for Managing Plant Disease by Laura Orzali, Beatrice Corsi, Cinzia Forni and Luca Riccioni --- Chapter 3: Chitosan from Marine Crustaceans: Production, Characterization and Applications by Jimena Bernadette Dima, Cynthia Sequeiros and Noemi Zaritzky --- Chapter 4: Alginate and Sericin: Environmental and Pharmaceutical Applications by Thiago Lopes da Silva, Jacyara Moreira Martins Vidart, Meuris Gurgel Carlos da Silva, Marcelino Luiz Gimenes and Melissa Gurgel Adeodato Vieira --- Chapter 5: Chitosan, Chitosan Derivatives and their Biomedical Applications by Gustavo Adolfo Muñoz Ruiz and Hector Fabio Zuluaga Corrales --- Chapter 6: Chitosan: Strategies to Increase and Modulate Drug Release Rate by David Lucio and María Cristina Martínez-Ohárriz --- Chapter 7: Marine Polysaccharides as Multifunctional Pharmaceutical Excipients by G. Thirumurugan and M.D. Dhanaraju --- Chapter 8: Speculations on the Use of Marine Polysaccharides as Scaffolds for Artificial Nerve ‘Side-’Grafts by Sherif M. Amr and Basma Ekram --- Chapter 9: Marine Polysaccharides in Medicine by Rajendra S. Dongre --- Chapter 10: Applications of Chitosan in Wastewater Treatment by Petronela Nechita --- Chapter 11: Flow Properties of Lambda Carrageenan in Aqueous Systems by Andrea Rivera del Rio, Mariana Ramírez-Gilly and Alberto Tecante --- Chapter 12: Chitosan-Based Sustainable Textile Technology: Process, Mechanism, Innovation, and Safety by Jagadish Roy, Fabien Salaün, Stéphane Giraud, Ada Ferri and Jinping Guan --- Chapter 13: Chitosan-Based Thermosensitive Materials by Waldo Argüelles-Monal, Maricarmen Recillas-Mota and Daniel Fernández-Quiroz --- Chapter 14: Chitosan and Phthaloylated Chitosan in Electrochemical Devices by Zurina Osman and Abdul Kariem Arof
    Pages: Online-Ressource (326 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128601
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Geologie ; Geomedizin ; Geschichte ; Gesundheitswesen ; Heilkunde ; Lithotherapie ; Medizin ; Naturheilkunde ; Therapie ; Umweltfaktor ; Umweltmedizin ; Balneology ; Earths, Medical and surgical uses of ; Environmentally induced diseases ; History ; Hydrotherapy ; Materia medica ; Medical geology ; Medicine ; Rocks ; Therapeutic use
    Description / Table of Contents: Article --- Men, methods and materials: exploring the historical connections between geology and medicine / Christopher J. Duffin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 1-8, 26 April 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.19 --- Men and methods --- Earth science as a philosophical background to medicine: an essay based on the autobiography of Dr Otto Sperling (1602–81) / Ella Hoch / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 9-33, 10 April 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.18 --- Nathaniel Hodges and the purging wells of Shooter's Hill / John D. Mather and Christopher J. Duffin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 35-45, 19 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.4 --- Water and the city of Milan at the end of the nineteenth century / Alessandro Porro, Antonia Francesca Franchini, Bruno Falconi, Paolo Maria Galimberti and Lorenzo Lorusso / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 47-54, 22 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.9 --- Italian physicians’ contribution to geosciences / Marco Pantaloni, Fabiana Console, Lorenzo Lorusso, Fabio Massimo Petti, Antonia Francesca Franchini, Alessandro Porro and Marco Romano / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 55-75, 22 March 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.17 --- The obstetrician, the surgeon and the premature birth of the world's first dinosaur: William Hunter and James Parkinson / J. J. Liston and L. Alcalá / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 77-101, 18 January 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.7 --- Pau Estorch Siqués (1805–71) and his ‘magnes venenorum’ / F. Sabaté Casellas and B. Torres Gallardo / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 103-106, 2 February 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.12 --- Duncan and Son: changing professional boundaries in the geological and medical sciences in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries / Tim Carter and Anne Spurgeon / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 107-113, 19 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.8 --- From giant birds to X-rays: Victor Lemoine (1837–97), physician and palaeontologist / Eric Buffetaut / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 115-131, 19 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.3 --- Materials --- Geotherapeutics: the medicinal use of earths, minerals and metals from antiquity to the twenty-first century / Spyros Retsas / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 133-139, 20 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.5 --- Archaeological medicinal earths as antibacterial agents: the case of the Basel Lemnian sphragides / E. Photos-Jones, C. Edwards, F. Häner, L. Lawton, C. Keane, A. Leanord and V. Perdikatsis / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 141-153, 2 February 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.6 --- Alectorius: a parasympathomimetic stone? / Joaquin Carrasco and Christopher J. Duffin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 155-162, 21 February 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.15 --- ‘Serpent stones’: myth and medical application / Rachael Pymm / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 163-180, 19 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.1 --- ‘A charm to impose on the vulgar’: the medicinal and magical applications of the snakestone bead within the British Isles / Rachael Pymm / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 181-194, 2 February 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.13 --- The name is the message: eagle-stones and materia medica in South America / Irina Podgorny / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 195-210, 27 February 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.14 --- ‘Fish’, fossil and fake: medicinal unicorn horn / Christopher J. Duffin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 211-259, 1 March 2017, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.16 --- ‘Not used to be worn as a Jewel’: The wearing of precious stones in early modern England – ornaments or medicine? / Tom Blaen / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 261-265, 22 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.10 --- Coral in Petrus Hispanus’ ‘Treasury of the Poor’ / Maria Do Sameiro Barroso / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 267-282, 22 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.11 --- Lead, isotopes and ice: a deadly legacy revealed / Beverly P. Bergman / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 452, 283-291, 19 December 2016, https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.2
    Pages: Online-Ressource (298 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 9781786202833
    Language: English
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: energy efficiency ; energy consumption ; greenhouse gas emission ; building ; construction
    Description / Table of Contents: This book discusses energy efficient buildings and the role they play in our efforts to address climate change, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by considering buildings and the construction sector's unique position along a critical path to decarbonisation from a multi-perspective and holistic viewpoint. Topics covered in the book range from daylighting, building topology comparison, building envelope design, zero energy homes in hot arid regions, life-cycle considerations and energy efficiency analysis to managing energy demand through equipment selection. Each chapter addresses an important aspect of energy efficient building and serves as a vital building block towards constructing a timely and relevant body of knowledge in energy efficient buildings.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (212 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128762
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Environment ; Climate change ; Remote sensing ; Physics ; Environment ; Climate Change ; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry ; Energy Efficiency ; Climate Change/Climate Change Impacts ; Applied and Technical Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I The Urban Heat Island – Evidence, Measures and Tools --- Forecasting Models for Urban Warming in Climate Change --- Assessment Indication and Gold Standard --- Methodologies for UHI Analysis --- Decision Support Systems for Urban Planning --- Part II Pilot Actions in European Cities --- Counteracting Urban Heat Islands: Solutions for European Cities.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (LIII, 400 pages) , 213 illustrations
    ISBN: 9783319104256
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Environment ; Environmental management ; Political science ; Wildlife ; Fish ; Marine sciences ; Freshwater ; Environment ; Environmental Management ; Political Science ; Water Policy/Water Governance/Water Management ; Marine & Freshwater Sciences ; Fish & Wildlife Biology & Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: Identifying Key Challenges Research Topics and Analytical Approaches. Part 1: Interdisciplinary Case Studies of Environmental Governance --- Chapter 2. Eutrophication and the Ecosystem Approach to Management: A Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance --- Chapter 3. Fisheries: A Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance --- Chapter 4. Biological Invasions: a Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance --- Chapter 5. Governance of Chemicals in the Baltic Sea Region: A Study of Three Generations of Hazardous Substances --- Chapter 6. Oil Spills from Shipping: A Case Study of the Governance of Accidental Hazards and Intentional Pollution in the Baltic Sea --- Part 2: Cross-Case Analysis of Key Environmental Governance Challenges --- Chapter 7. The Ecosystem Approach to Management in Baltic Sea Governance: Towards Increased Reflexivity? --- Chapter 8. Science-Policy Interfaces in Baltic Sea Environmental Governance: Towards Regional Cooperation and Management of Uncertainty? --- Chapter 9. Risk Communication and the Role of the Public: Towards Inclusive Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea? --- Chapter 10. Seeking Pathways Towards Improved Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIX, 253 pages) , 10 illustrations, 3 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319270067
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Medicine ; Environmental monitoring ; Development economics ; Emigration and immigration ; Economics ; Development Economics ; Migration ; Medicine/Public Health, general ; Monitoring/Environmental Analysis
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction --- Part I Potted Review of Economic Theory: The Complex Evolving System --- 1. A Potted Review --- Part II Early Days: From Personal Awareness to Group Commitment --- 2. A personal story of awareness and perception --- 2.1 My first awareness breakthrough --- 2.2 Layers of awareness --- 2.3 My second burst of awareness --- 2.4 Defining a new society for myself --- 2.5 Key human values --- 2.6 Inside = outside --- 2.7 To be and to do --- 2.7 Welfare or wellbeing? --- 2.8 Business transformation --- 2.9 Leadership versus management --- 2.10 STIR Foundation - City of Tomorrow --- 2.11 Sustainocracy --- 2.12 City of Tomorrow --- 2.13 The Amsterdam internet congress --- 2.14 Key elements that define “sustainocratic” AiREAS --- 2.15 AiREAS --- 2.16 Commitment first --- 2.17 Territorial focus --- 2.18 Local AiREAS Eindhoven --- 2.19 First things first --- 2.20 Making visible the invisible --- 2.21 From idea to project --- 2.22 Conclusion about the coming about of AiREAS --- 2.23 Link with ethics and economies --- Part III “The Invisible made Visible”: science and technology --- An introduction by Marco van Lochem --- 3.1 The ILM --- 3.2. Variables measured --- 3.3.3. Instrumentation --- 3.3.1 The Airbox --- 3.3.2 PM (PM10, PM2.5, PM1) sensor --- 3.3.3 UFP sensor --- 3.3.4 Ozone sensor --- 3.3.5 NO2 sensor --- 3.3.6 Temperature sensor and relative humidity sensor --- 3.3.7 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) --- 3.3.8 Experiences and recommendations --- 4 Data quality --- 4.1 Regular calibration and preventative maintenance --- 4.2 Experiences and recommendations --- 5 Locations and spatial sampling --- 5.1 Experiences and recommendations --- 6 Data management --- 6.1 The Airbox --- 6.2 Axians (1) --- 6.3 ECN --- 6.4 Axians (2) --- 6.5 Experiences and recommendations --- 7 Results --- 7.1 Initial tests of sensors --- 7.2 Evaluation of sensor precision --- 8 Scientific projects based on the ILM --- Part IV Experiences after 5 years of AiREAS and 1 year of ILM --- 9. The way things work at AiREAS --- 9.1 The workflow in AiREAS --- 9.2 Financial routine in AiREAS --- 9.3 Confidence based interaction --- 9.4 October 2013 general AiREAS participants meeting --- 9.5 Interpreting the ILM data --- 9.6 The transition --- 9.7 Communication --- 9.8 Benchmarking and referencing our practical ideologies --- 9.9 The royalty system --- 9.10 Some of the transformative issues --- 9.11 Conclusion. Index.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIII, 113 pages) , 47 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319269405
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Climatic changes ; Climate Change ; Climate Change Management and Policy ; Water Policy/Water Governance/Water Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction --- Relevant European drought and water scarcity policies --- The Governance Assessment Tool and its Use --- Eifel-Rur case study, Germany --- Somerset case study, the United Kingdom --- Brittany case study, France --- Flanders case study, Belgium --- Salland case study, The Netherlands --- Vechtstromen study, The Netherlands --- Crosscutting Perspective Agriculture --- Crosscutting Perspective Freshwater --- Crosscutting Perspective Nature --- Concluding Remarks
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVII, 256 pages) , 40 illustrations
    ISBN: 9783319296715
    Language: English
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    Cham : Springer
    Keywords: Marine Sciences ; Environmental management ; Atmospheric Sciences ; Marine & Freshwater Sciences ; Environmental Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to the Assessment --- Past and Current Climate Change --- Past and Current Changes in the North Sea (and interface regions) --- Climate Change Projections --- Impacts of Current and Future Climate Change in Ecosystems --- Climate Impacts on Socio-economy
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XLV, 528 pages) , 277 illustrations, 215 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319397450
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Environmental management ; Cultural heritage ; Tourism ; Management ; Nature conservation ; Sustainable development ; Development economics ; Economics ; Development Economics ; Water Policy/Water Governance/Water Management ; Sustainable Development ; Nature Conservation ; Cultural Heritage ; Tourism Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction --- The Jordan Valley --- Projections And Objectives --- Meeting The Strategic Planning Objectives --- The Year 2050 --- Final Conclusions And Recommendations --- Colophon.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XLII, 239 pages) , 181 illustrations, 179 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319300368
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Life sciences ; Agriculture ; Climate change ; Environmental management ; Soil science ; Soil conservation ; Air pollution ; Life Sciences ; Agriculture ; Climate Change ; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Environmental Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1 Introduction to the SAMPLES Approach --- Chapter 2 Targeting Landscapes to Identify Mitigation Options --- Chapter 3 Determining Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals Associated with Land Use and Land Cover Change --- Chapter 4 Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Managed and Natural Soils --- Chapter 5 A Comparison of Methodologies for Measuring Methane Emissions from Ruminants --- Chapter 6 Quantifying Tree Biomass Carbon Stocks and Fluxes in Agricultural Landscapes --- Chapter 7 Methods for Smallholder Quantification of Soil Carbon Stocks and Stock Changes --- Chapter 8 Yield Estimation of Food and Non-Food Crops in Smallholder Production Systems --- Chapter 9 Scaling Point and Plot Measurements of Greenhouse Gas Fluxes, Balances and Intensities to Whole Farms and Landscapes --- Chapter 10 Methods for Environment-Productivity Trade-off Analysis in Agricultural Systems
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XV, 203 pages) , 33 illustrations, 27 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319297941
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Life sciences ; Biodiversity ; Nature conservation ; Life Sciences ; Biodiversity ; Nature Conservation ; Plant Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography ; Animal Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography
    Description / Table of Contents: Phylogenetics and conservation biology: drawing a path into the diversity of life --- The value of phylogenetic diversity --- The PD phylogenetic diversity framework: linking evolutionary history to feature diversity for biodiversity conservation --- Reconsidering the loss of evolutionary history: how does non-random extinction prune the tree-of-life?- Phylogenetics and conservation in New Zealand: the long and the short of it --- What is the meaning of extreme phylogenetic diversity? The case of phylogenetic relict species --- Using phylogenetic dissimilarities among sites for biodiversity assessments and conservation --- Phylogenetic diversity measures and their decomposition: a framework based on hill numbers --- Split diversity: measuring and optimizing biodiversity using phylogenetic split networks --- The rarefaction of phylogenetic diversity: formulation, extension and application --- Support in area prioritization using phylogenetic information --- Assessing hotspots of evolutionary history with data from multiple phylogenies: an analysis of endemic clades from New Caledonia --- Representing hotspots of evolutionary history in systematic conservation planning for European mammals --- Priorities for conservation of the evolutionary history of amphibians in the cerrado --- Global spatial analyses of phylogenetic conservation priorities for aquatic mammals --- Metapopulation capacity meets evolutionary distinctness: spatial fragmentation complements phylogenetic rarity in prioritization. - Patterns of species, phylogenetic and mimicry diversity of clearwing butterflies in the Neotropics --- Conservation of phylogenetic diversity in Madagascar’s largest endemic plant family, Sarcolaenaceae --- The future of phylogenetic systematics in conservation biology: linking biodiversity and society
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVII, 390 pages) , 79 illustrations
    ISBN: 9783319224619
    Language: English
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    Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
    Keywords: Aquatic ecosystem monitoring ; Aquatic ecosystem assessment ; Aquatic ecosystem management ; Aquatic ecosystem services ; Aquatic ecosystem policy ; Restoration ; Conservation ; Biological indicators ; Streams/ Rivers/ Lakes/ Wetlands ; Aquatic ecology ; Ecohydrology ; Limnology
    Description / Table of Contents: Today, sustainability of a healthy freshwater ecosystem and its associated ecosystem services are hot issues with ever-growing attention placed upon them. We are increasingly recognizing that they are crucial for the survival of the aquatic biota and human beings on our planet. The efficient monitoring of water resources is fundamental for effective management of water quality and aquatic ecosystems. The first stage in sustainable ecosystem management is the evaluation of the current status of target ecosystems. Traditionally, and even today, physico-chemical parameters have mainly been used to evaluate the quality of water resources. However, they have a large limit to grab the wholeness of water system, particularly in the sense of ecosystem health and integrity, for which ecological monitoring should be based on biological factors. Various approaches are applicable to ecosystem health assessment at different levels of the biological hierarchy, from genes to ecosystems. This Special Issue is designed to improve scientific understanding and strategies for sound aquatic ecosystem management and services for researchers, decision makers, and stakeholders.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVI, 422 Seiten)
    Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Water
    ISBN: 9783038422679
    Language: English
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    Calgary : University of Calgary Press
    Keywords: drought ; economic impact ; social impact ; prairie agriculture
    Description / Table of Contents: Although there is considerable historical literature describing the social and economic impact of drought on the prairies in the 1930s, little has been written about the challenges presented by drought in more contemporary times. The drought of 2001-02 was, for example, the most recent large-area, intense, and prolonged drought in Canada and one of Canada's most costly natural disasters in a century. Vulnerability and Adaptation to Drought describes the impacts of droughts and the adaptations made in prairie agriculture over recent decades. These adaptations have enhanced the capacity of rural communities to withstand drought. However, despite the high levels of technical adaptation that have occurred, and the existing human capital and vibrant social and information networks, agricultural producers in the prairie region remain vulnerable to severe droughts that last more than a couple of years. Research findings and projections suggest that droughts could become more frequent, more severe, and of longer duration in the region over the course of the 21st century. This book provides insights into the conditions generating these challenges and the measures required to reduce vulnerability of prairie communities to them. Developing greater understanding of the social forces and conditions that have contributed to enhanced resilience, as well as those which detract from successful adaptation, is a principal theme of the book. To that end, the book examines drought through an interdisciplinary lens encompassing climate science and the social sciences. Two of the chapters are based on the drought experiences of other countries in order to provide a comparative assessment. CHAPTERS: PART 1: FRAMING THE BOOK PART 2: PAST AND FUTURE DROUGHT: LESSONS FROM CLIMATE SCIENCE PART 3: DEALING WITH PRAIRIE DROUGHTS: CRISES AND ADAPTIVE RESPONSES PART 4: GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS FOR PRAIRIE: DROUGHT AND WATER MANAGEMENT PART 5: STRATEGIC PLANNING AND DROUGHT PART 6: LEARNING FROM OTHER EXPERIENCES PART 7: CONCLUDING REMARKS
    Pages: Online-Ressource (384 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781552388211
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Environment ; Climatology ; Climate change ; Environment ; Climate Change ; Climate Change Management and Policy ; Climate Change/Climate Change Impacts ; Climatology
    Description / Table of Contents: Teil 1: Globale Klimaprojektionen und regionale Projektionen für Deutschland und Europa --- Teil 2: Klimawandel in Deutschland: Regionale Besonderheiten und Extreme --- Teil 3: Auswirkungen des Klimawandels in Deutschland --- Teil 4: Übergreifende Risiken und Unsicherheiten --- Teil 5: Integrierte Strategien zur Anpassung an den Klimawandel.   
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XX, 348 Seiten) , 116 Abbildungen, 50 Abbildungen in Farbe
    ISBN: 9783662503973
    Language: German
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    Keywords: Systems theory ; Distribution (Probability theory ; Environmental economics ; Mathematics ; Differential equations, partial ; Mathematical optimization ; Systems Theory, Control ; Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes ; Environmental Economics ; Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences ; Partial Differential Equations ; Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control; Optimization
    Description / Table of Contents: Some recent developments in ambit stochastics --- Functional and Banach space stochastic calculi. Path-dependent Kolmogorov equations associated with the frame of a Brownian motion --- Nonlinear Young integrals via fractional calculus --- A weak limit theorem for numerical approximation of Brownian semi-stationary processes --- Non-elliptic SPDEs and ambit fields: existence of densities --- Dynamic risk measures and path-dependent second order PDEs --- Pricing CoCos with a market trigger --- Quantification of model risk in quadratic hedging in finance --- Risk-sensitive mean-field type control under partial observation --- Risk aversion in modeling of cap-and-trade mechanism and optimal design of emission markets --- Exponential ergodicity of the jump-diffusion CIR process --- Optimal control of predictive mean-field equations and applications to finance --- Modelling the impact of wind power production on electricity prices by regime-switching Levy semistationary processes --- Pricing options on EU ETS certificates with a time-varying market price of risk model
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VIII, 360 pages)
    ISBN: 9783319234250
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Mathematics ; Numerical analysis ; Computer mathematics ; Computer software ; Mathematics ; Computational Science and Engineering ; Numeric Computing ; Mathematical Software ; Numerical Analysis
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface --- The first few steps --- Basic constructions --- Computing integrals --- Solving ordinary differential equations --- Solving partial differential equations --- Solving nonlinear algebraic equations --- Getting access to Python --- References --- Index
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVI, 232 pages) , 45 illustrations
    ISBN: 9783319324289
    Language: English
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    Keywords: hydrogen ; hydrogenation
    Description / Table of Contents: Hydrogen is one of the abundant elements on earth majorly in the form of water (H2O) and mainly as hydrogen gas (H2). Catalytic hydrogenation is a key reaction that has versatile applications in different industries. The main objective of this book is to bring together various applications of hydrogenation through the perspective of leading researchers in the field. This book is intended to be used as a graduate-level text book or as a practical guide for industrial engineers.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (360 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128700
    Language: English
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