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  • 2015 - 2019  (848,397)
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  • 1
    Description / Table of Contents: Magnetic susceptibility (MS) is a tool frequently used by geologists on sediments or rocks to perform correlations and sea-level or climatic reconstructions. Applied measurements are made on unoriented, bulk samples and bulk MS is mostly influenced by the magnetic mineral content of the rock and often interpreted as influenced by detrital inputs. Magnetic data acquisition is fast and straightforward and this allows the high-resolution sampling needed for palaeoclimatic research (e.g. spectral analysis). However, the link with detrital inputs is not always preserved and the impact of diagenesis on the final MS signal can blur primary information. This volume includes contributions dealing with the origin of the magnetic minerals, and the application of MS as a palaeoenvironmental or palaeoclimatic proxy and also as a tool to provide astronomical calibration in order to improve the chronology of selected time intervals.
    ISBN: 9781862397217
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Description / Table of Contents: Understanding the behaviour of gases in the context of radioactive waste disposal is a fundamental requirement in developing a safety case for the disposal of radioactive waste. Of particular importance are the long-term performance of bentonite buffers and cement-based backfill materials that may be used to encapsulate and surround the waste in a repository, and the behaviour of plastic clays, indurated mudrocks and crystalline formations that may be the host rocks for a repository. The EC Euratom programme funded project, FORGE, has provided new insights into the processes and mechanisms governing gas generation and migration with the aim of reducing uncertainty. This volume brings together papers on aspects of this topic arising from both the FORGE project and work undertaken elsewhere. This has been achieved by the acquisition of new experimental data coupled with modelling, through a series of laboratory and field-scale experiments performed at a number of underground research laboratories throughout Europe.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (264 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781862397224
    Language: English
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  • 3
    Description / Table of Contents: This Special Publication will be an important tool for geoscientists, aimed at increasing the awareness of their societal role and responsibility in conducting education, research and practice activities. What are the responsibilities of a geoscientist ? And what motivations are needed to push geoscientists to practice the Earth sciences in an ethical way? The major environmental challenges affecting human communities require not only a strictly scientific and technical preparation by the geoscientists, but also a reflection on their broader obligations towards society. It is important that geoscientists consider geoethics as an indispensable framework on which to base their training and activity. The principles of geoethics can guide them to pursue the common good by weighing the benefits and costs of each choice, and identifying eco-friendly and society-friendly solutions that guarantee the respect of the right balance between human life and the dynamics of the Earth. Communication and dissemination of geosciences should become core activities in building a knowledge-based society, which is able better to protect itself and the Earth ecosystems in order to guarantee a life in harmony with our planet for future generations.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VI, 187 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781862397262
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Description / Table of Contents: A major rifting episode began in the Afar region of northern Ethiopia in September 2005. Over a ten-day period, c. 2.5 km3 of magma were intruded along a 60 km-long dyke separating the Arabian and Nubian plates. Over the next five years, a further 13 dyke intrusions caused continued extension, eruptions and seismicity. This activity led to a renewed international focus on the role of magmatism in rifting, with major international collaborative projects working in Afar and Ethiopia to study the ongoing activity and to place it in a broader context. This book brings together articles that explore the role of magmatism in rifting, from the initiation of continental break-up through to full seafloor spreading. We also explore the hazards related to rifting and the associated volcanism. This work has implications for our understanding of how continents break-up and the associated distribution of resources in rift basins and continental margins.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VI, 374 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781862397293
    Language: English
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  • 5
    Keywords: Earth sciences ; Environmental management ; Environmental sciences ; Geoecology ; Environmental geology ; Earth Sciences ; Environmental Science and Engineering ; Water Policy/Water Governance/Water Management ; Geoecology/Natural Processes
    Description / Table of Contents: Wetlands and Water Framework Directive: protection, management and climate change --- Synergies and Conflicts between Water Framework Directive and Natura 2000: Legal requirements, technical guidance and experiences from practice --- Can Natura 2000 Sites Benefit from River Basin Management Planning Under a Changing Climate? Lessons from Germany --- Do water management and climate-adapted management of wetlands interfere in practice? Lessons from the Biebrza Valley, Poland --- Wetlands in river valleys as an effect of fluvial processes and anthropopression --- New vision of the role of land reclamation systems in nature protection and water management
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XI, 103 pages) , 19 illustrations, 12 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319137643
    Language: English
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  • 6
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Food ; Biotechnology ; Environmental sciences ; Agriculture ; Life Sciences ; Agriculture ; Food Science ; Environmental Science and Engineering
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I : Agro-Food Systems --- Food Security in the Southern Mediterranean/North Africa --- Sustainability in cereal crop production in Mediterranean environments --- Innovative crop productions for healthy foods: the case of Chia --- The hidden costs of livestock environmental sustainability: the case of Podolian cattle --- Feeding, nutrition and sustainability in dairy enterprises: the case of Mediterranean buffaloes (bubalus bubalis) --- Sustainability of sheep and goat production systems --- The role of local sheep and goat breeds and their products as a tool for sustainability and safeguard of the Mediterranean environment --- Innovative use of jenny milk from sustainable rearing --- Sustainable agricultural practices in disease defence of traditional crops in Southern Italy: the case study of tomato cherry protected by Trichoderma harzianum T-22 against Cucumber mosaic virus --- Development of integrated disease control measures for the valorisation of traditional crops in Southern Italy: the case study of "Fagiolo di Sarconi" --- Fostering sustainable climate change adaptations: a case study of the Turkish Cypriot Community’s adoption of pomegranate farming --- The role of women in the sustainability of the wine industry through the analysis of case studies --- Part II : Natural Resource Systems and Environment --- The effects of climate change on the multifunctional role of Basilicata’s forests: the effects induced on yield and CO2 absorption --- Wildlife agriculture interactions, spatial analysis and trade-off between environmental sustainability and risk of economic damage --- The sustainability of non-renewable resources use at regional level: a case study on allocation of oil royalties --- Land use sector involvement in mitigation policies across carbon markets --- Evaluating the role of soil variability on potential groundwater pollution and recharge in a Mediterranean agricultural watershed --- Grazing and biodiversity conservation: highlights on a Nature 2000 network site --- Evaluation of native grasses for sustainable turfgrass in the bioclimatic Mediterranean Region.-Biodiversity of hypogeous fungi in Basilicata --- Part III: New technologies --- New technologies for the sustainable management and planning of rural land and environment --- Processing plants and technologies for a sustainable Mediterranean food chain --- Geophysical techniques for plant, soil and root research related to Satellite technologies to support the sustainability of agricultural production --- Electrolyzed water in the food industry as supporting of environmental sustainability
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XXVIII, 397 pages) , 80 illustrations, 48 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319163574
    Language: English
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  • 7
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    Paris : OECD/IEA (Please request login data at the PIK library)
    Keywords: energy ; energy economics
    Description / Table of Contents: As climate negotiators work towards a deal that would limit the increase in global temperatures, interest is growing in the essential role technology innovation can and must play in enabling the transition to a low-carbon energy system. Indeed, recent success stories clearly indicate that there is significant and untapped potential for accelerating innovation in clean technologies if proper policy frameworks are in place. In an especially timely analysis, the 2015 edition of Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP 2015) examines innovation in the energy technology sector and seeks to increase confidence in the feasibility of achieving short- and long-term climate change mitigation targets through effective research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D). ETP 2015 identifies regulatory strategies and co-operative frameworks to advance innovation in areas like variable renewables, carbon capture and storage, and energy-intensive industrial sectors. The report also shows how emerging economies, and China in particular, can foster a low-carbon transition through innovation in energy technologies and policy. Finally, ETP 2015 features the IEA annual Tracking Clean Energy Progress report, which this year shows that efforts to decarbonise the global energy sector are lagging further behind. By setting out pathways to a sustainable energy future and by incorporating detailed and transparent quantitative modelling analysis and well-rounded commentary, ETP 2015 and its series of related publications are required reading for experts in the energy field, policy makers and heads of governments, as well as business leaders and investors.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (412 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789264233423
    Language: English
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  • 8
    Keywords: humanities ; archaeology ; landscape archaeology ; landscape ; biography ; history ; archaeology ; human geography
    Description / Table of Contents: ‘Landscape Biographies’ explores the long and complex histories of landscapes from personal and social perspectives. As an essential part of human life-worlds, landscapes have the potential to absorb something of people's lives, works, and thoughts. But landscapes also shape their own life-histories at different timescales, transcending human life-cycles and generating their own temporalities and rhythms. It comes as no surprise, therefore, that the co-scripting of landscapes and people figures prominently in the (auto-)biographical works of writers and attracts the interest of geographers, archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists. This has even resulted in a new genre in landscape research, rapidly gaining in popularity, under the heading of 'landscape biography'. In ‘Landscape Biographies’, twenty geographers, archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists investigate the diverse ways in which landscapes and monuments have been constructed, transmitted, and transformed from prehistory up to the present, from Manhattan to Shanghai, from Iceland to Portugal, and from England to Estonia. Among the authors are distinguished scholars like Gísli Pálsson, Cornelius Holtorf, Joshua Pollard, and Mark Gillings.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (437 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789048517800
    Language: English
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  • 9
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: global warming ; global change
    Description / Table of Contents: Global warming has become perhaps the most complicated issue facing world leaders. It is becoming clear that humans have caused most of the past century's warming by releasing heat-trapping gases as we power our modern lives mainly by the burning of fossil fuels and forests. Whatever the uncertainties of climate models are, mankind has to strive very fast toward reduction in the huge amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere in order to preserve natural resources and living organisms by introducing new advances on alternative fuels and other related technologies. This book presents the state-of-the-science fundamentals on the origin of Global Warming. The aim of the book is to create awareness among the energy engineers, academicians, researchers, industry personnel and society as a whole to help to stop the impact of climate change. In this book, chapters received from various authors are placed in three sub- sections - Causes of Global Warming, Impacts / Threats / Consequences of Global Warming and Remedies to the Global Warming.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (218 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535120438
    Language: English
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  • 10
    Keywords: earthquake ; seismology ; geology ; geophysics
    Description / Table of Contents: The book Earthquake Engineering - From Engineering Seismology to Optimal Seismic Design of Engineering Structures contains fifteen chapters written by researchers and experts in the fields of earthquake and structural engineering. This book provides the state-of-the-art on recent progress in the field of seimology, earthquake engineering and structural engineering. The book should be useful to graduate students, researchers and practicing structural engineers. It deals with seismicity, seismic hazard assessment and system oriented emergency response for abrupt earthquake disaster, the nature and the components of strong ground motions and several other interesting topics, such as dam-induced earthquakes, seismic stability of slopes and landslides. The book also tackles the dynamic response of underground pipes to blast loads, the optimal seismic design of RC multi-storey buildings, the finite-element analysis of cable-stayed bridges under strong ground motions and the acute psychiatric trauma intervention due to earthquakes.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (408 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535120391
    Language: English
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  • 11
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: climate change ; oceanography ; atmospheric sciences
    Description / Table of Contents: The sustainability of irrigation and drainage in the face of many variants and constraints like availability of water as a resource, ecological balance, socio-cultural impacts, and climate change effects lies in the strategies adopted and systems emplaced. It has always remained a challenge for the users of irrigation waters to maintain sustainability in quality and quantity. This book aims ?to explore frontiers of knowledge in coining sustainable strategies and systems direly needed in managing the quality and quantity of water required for crop irrigation, surface and root zone drainage and flood management using available tools of research and development?. Eminent authors and their colleagues possessing varied professional backgrounds and expertise have dealt with these issues concerning the strategies and systems of irrigation and drainage. This book will prove to be beneficial for crop growers, agricultural engineers, water resource managers, academicians and graduate students alike.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (126 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535121237
    Language: English
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  • 12
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    Oakland, California : University of California Press
    Keywords: Urban development ; Economic development ; Income distribution ; Regional planning ; Economic policy ; Cities and towns - United States
    Description / Table of Contents: In the last several years, much has been written about growing economic challenges, increasing income inequality, and political polarization in the United States. Addressing these new realities in America’s metropolitan regions, this book argues that a few lessons are emerging: first, inequity is bad for economic growth; second, bringing together the concerns of equity and growth requires concerted local action; and third, the fundamental building block for doing this is the creation of diverse and dynamic epistemic (or knowledge) communities, which help to overcome political polarization and to address the challenges of economic restructuring and social divides.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XI, 350 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9780520960046
    Language: English
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  • 13
    Keywords: meteorology ; weather ; atmosphere ; atmospheric sciences ; climate research ; environmental research
    Description / Table of Contents: Classifications of circulation weather systems have a long history in meteorology and climatology. Starting with manual classifications over specific regions of the globe, these tools (generally called “catalogs of synoptic types”) were restricted mainly to weather forecasting and historical climate variability studies. In the last decades, the advance of computing resources and the availability of datasets have fostered the development of fast and objective methods that process large amount of data. In recent years numerous methods of circulation type classification have been designed, showing their usefulness on a wide range of applications in scientific domains related to weather, climate, and environment. This Research Topic highlights methodological advances in circulation weather types and also their applications to different research areas. The articles included in this research topic show that circulation weather types can be used not only in Europe, where they have been always more frequent, but also applied to other regions of the world.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (153 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9782889196418
    Language: English
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  • 14
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: solar radiation ; solar physics ; astronomy ; astrophysics ; energy engineering
    Description / Table of Contents: Two essential components of solar energy which are derivable from the sun-radiant light (passive solar power) and heat (active solar powers) have been harnessed for decades using a range of continuously-evolving and cutting-edge technologies. Such technologies include solar heating, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture and photo emitters. Recently, there has been active research in solar energy resources due to improvements in solar panel geometry, photo-cell materials, glazing and panel orientation. Equally, more rigorous methods of modeling inter-reflections within curvilinear surfaces are now being evaluated for simplified analytical evaluations. Therefore, this book, Solar Radiation Applications, presents the outcomes of selective and classic works on the optimization of these essential fields in active solar energy research.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (188 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535121244
    Language: English
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  • 15
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: hydrodynamics ; hydrology ; mechanical engineering
    Description / Table of Contents: The present book on Hydrodynamics - Concepts and Experiments contains six chapters, each of which devoted to a topic considered interesting to compose this book. Although the tools used in the different chapters are somewhat superposed, a first classification may be presented as: the first two chapters describe numerical models; the third and fourth chapters use experimental tools and results; and the fourth, fifth and sixth chapters present conceptual aspects of fluid dynamics. A more detailed description is furnished in the sequence. The six topics that compose this book may be resumed as: Flow-Structure Interactions, Hydrodynamic Models and Biological processes in Coastal Waters, Useful Cavitation, New Concepts in Hydraulic Jumps, Lagrangian Formulation of Fluid Dynamics, and Small Perturbations in Viscous Fluids.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (166 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535120346
    Language: English
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  • 16
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: satellite positioning ; GNSS ; GPS ; engineering
    Description / Table of Contents: Satellite positioning techniques, particularly global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), are capable of measuring small changes of the Earths shape and atmosphere, as well as surface characteristics with an unprecedented accuracy. This book is devoted to presenting recent results and development in satellite positioning technique and applications, including GNSS positioning methods, models, atmospheric sounding, and reflectometry as well their applications in the atmosphere, land, oceans and cryosphere. This book provides a good reference for satellite positioning techniques, engineers, scientists as well as user community.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (212 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535117384
    Language: English
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  • 17
    Keywords: Arktis
    Description / Table of Contents: This document presents the Policy-makers Summary of the 2015 AMAP Assessments of Pollution Issues (POPs Trends; Radioactivity in the Arctic; Human Health in the Arctic).
    Pages: Online-Ressource (12 Seiten)
    Language: English
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  • 18
    Keywords: Arktis
    Description / Table of Contents: This document presents the Policy-maker’s Summary of the 2015 AMAP Assessments of Short-lived Climate Pollutants (Methane, Black carbon and Ozone).
    Pages: Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Language: English
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  • 19
  • 20
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    London : Ubiquity Press
    Keywords: Governance ; Sustainable Development ; International development ; Public policy ; Nachhaltigkeit
    Description / Table of Contents: As we move from the era of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) it is important to consider how development agendas are set, the progress that has been made over the past 15 years, and how current debates are shaping global development efforts for the next 15. This book was, produced as part of a University College London-London International Development Centre research collaboration entitled, "Thinking Beyond Sectors for Sustainable Development". The aim of the book is to provide a concise introduction to the debates in a number of vital development sectors, review progress made in each sector, and to consider how looking beyond sectors might open new opportunities for inclusive, sustainable development. Each chapter in this book was produced collaboratively by academics from a wide number of disciplines. As such, it represents a truly interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral effort, of the kind that will be necessary for successful development and implementation of future international development goals.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVI, 110 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781909188433
    Language: English
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  • 21
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    Lausanne : Frontiers
    Keywords: climate ; Climate Change ; marine mammals ; predators ; seabirds ; trophic interactions
    Description / Table of Contents: Climate change affects all components of marine ecosystems. For endothermic top predators, i.e. seabirds and marine mammals, these impacts are often complex and mediated through trophic relationships. In this Research Topic, leading researchers attempt to identify patterns of change among seabirds and marine mammals, and the mechanisms through which climate change drives these changes.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (180 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9782889197361
    Language: English
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  • 22
    Keywords: bacteriophages ; environmental disturbance ; phage ecology ; aquatic microbiology ; phage therapy ; metaviromes ; evolution ; microarrays ; microbiology
    Description / Table of Contents: Viruses infect numerous microorganisms including, predominantly, Bacteria (bacteriophages or phages) but also Archaea, Protists, and Fungi. They are the most abundant and ubiquitous biological entities on Earth and are important drivers of ecosystem functioning. Little is known, however, about the vast majority of these viruses of microorganisms, or VoMs. Modern techniques such as metagenomics have enabled the discovery and description of more presumptive VoMs than ever before, but also have exposed gaps in our understanding of VoM ecology. Exploring the ecology of these viruses – which is how they interact with host organisms, the abiotic environment, larger organisms, and even other viruses across a variety of environments and conditions – is the next frontier. Integration of a growing molecular understanding of VoMs with ecological studies will expand our knowledge of ecosystem dynamics. Ecology can be studied at multiple levels including individual organisms, populations, communities, whole ecosystems, and the entire biosphere. Ecology additionally can consider normal, equilibrium conditions or instead perturbations. Perturbations are of particular interest because measuring the effect of disturbances on VoM-associated communities provides important windows into how VoMs contribute to ecosystem dynamics. These disturbances in turn can be studied through in vitro, in vivo, and in situ experimentation, measuring responses by VoM-associated communities to changes in nutrient availability, stress, physical disruption, seasonality, etc., and could apply to studies at all ecological levels. These are considered here across diverse systems and environments.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (95 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9782889194483
    Language: English
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  • 23
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    Cham : Springer
    Keywords: Environment ; Applied ecology ; Biodiversity ; Landscape ecology ; Environmental management ; Nature conservation ; Environment ; Nature Conservation ; Environmental Management ; Biodiversity ; Landscape Ecology ; Applied Ecology
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I  - The Theory of Rewilding --- 1. Rewilding Abandoned Landscapes in Europe --- 2. European Wilderness in a Time of Farmland Abandonment --- 3. Ecosystem Services: the Opportunities of Rewilding in Europe --- Part II - Rewilding and Biodiversity --- 4. Bringing Large Mammals Back: Large Carnivores in Europe --- 5. Top Scavengers in a Wilder Europe --- 6. Rewilding: Pitfalls and Opportunities for Moths and Butterflies --- 7. Vegetation Restoration and Other Actions to Enhance Wildlife in European Agricultural Landscapes --- 8. Maintaining Disturbance-dependent Habitats.- Part III - Rewillding in Practice --- 9. Rewilding Europe: A New Strategy for an Old Continent --- 10. Preparing a New Generation of Wilderness Entrepreneurs --- 11. Towards a European Policy for Rewilding --- Index
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XXI, 227 pages) , 44 illustrations, 43 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319120393
    Language: English
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  • 24
    Keywords: agricultural and biological sciences ; biodiversity ; ecosystems ; ecology
    Description / Table of Contents: The term biodiversity has become a mainstream concept that can be found in any newspaper at any given time. Concerns on biodiversity protection are usually linked to species protection and extinction risks for iconic species, such as whales, pandas and so on. However, conserving biodiversity has much deeper implications than preserving a few (although important) species. Biodiversity in ecosystems is tightly linked to ecosystem functions such as biomass production, organic matter decomposition, ecosystem resilience, and others. Many of these ecological processes are also directly implied in services that the humankind obtains from ecosystems. The first part of this book will introduce different concepts and theories important to understand the links between ecosystem function and ecosystem biodiversity. The second part of the book provides a wide range of different studies showcasing the evidence and practical implications of such relationships.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (658 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535120285
    Language: English
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  • 25
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    Cambridge, UK : Open Book Publishers
    Keywords: advanced mathematical problems ; STEP examinations ; undergraduate mathematics course ; calculus ; geometry ; probability and statistics
    Description / Table of Contents: This book is intended to help students prepare for entrance examinations in mathematics and scientific subjects, including STEP (Sixth Term Examination Papers). STEP examinations are used by Cambridge colleges as the basis for conditional offers in mathematics and sometimes in other mathematics-related subjects. They are also used by Warwick University, and many other mathematics departments recommend that their applicants practice on past papers to become accustomed to university-style mathematics. Advanced Problems in Mathematics is recommended as preparation for any undergraduate mathematics course, even for students who do not plan to take the Sixth Term Examination Paper. The questions analysed in this book are all based on recent STEP questions selected to address the syllabus for Papers I and II, which is the A-level core (i.e. C1 to C4) with a few additions. Each question is followed by a comment and a full solution. The comments direct the reader’s attention to key points and put the question in its true mathematical context. The solutions point students to the methodology required to address advanced mathematical problems critically and independently. This book is a must read for any student wishing to apply to scientific subjects at university level and for anybody interested in advanced mathematics.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (X, 174 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781783741441
    Language: English
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  • 26
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    Calgary : University of Calgary Press
    Keywords: Canada ; history ; environment ; environmental politics
    Description / Table of Contents: Studies of the radical environmental politics of the 1960s have tended to downplay the extent to which much of that countercultural intellectual and social ferment continued into the 1970s and 1980s. Canadian Countercultures and the Environment adds to our knowledge of this understudied period. This collection contributes a sustained analysis of the beginning of major environmental debates in this era and examines a range of issues related to broad environmental concerns, topics which emerged as key concerns in the context of Cold War military investments and experiments, the oil crisis of the 1970s, debates over gendered roles, and the increasing attention to urban pollution and pesticide use. No other publication dealing with this period covers the wide range of environmental topics (among others, activism, midwifery, organic farming, recycling, urban cycling, and communal living) or geographic locales, from Yukon to Atlantic Canada. Together, they demonstrate how this period influenced and informed environmental action and issues in ways that have had a long-term impact on Canadian society.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (X, 302 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781552388167
    Language: English
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  • 27
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    Calgary : University of Calgary Press
    Keywords: Arctic ; Baffin Island ; Canada ; geography ; field research ; travel report
    Description / Table of Contents: A geographer with extensive research experience in the Canadian North, Jack D. Ives has written a lively and informative account of several expeditions to Baffin Island during the "golden age" of federal research. In the 1960s, scientists from the Geographical Branch of Canada's Department of Energy, Mines, and Resources travelled to Baffin to study glacial geomorphology and glaciology. Their fieldwork resulted in vastly increased knowledge of the Far North-from its ice caps and glaciers to its lichens and microfossils. Drawing from the recollections of his Baffin colleagues as well as from his own memories, Ives takes readers on a remarkable adventure, describing the day-to-day experiences of the field teams in the context of both contemporary Arctic research and bureaucratic decision making. Along the way, his narrative illustrates the role played by the Cold War-era Distant Early Warning Line and other northern infrastructure, the crucial importance of his pioneering aerial photography, the unpredictable nature of planes, helicopters, and radios in Arctic regions, and of course, the vast and breathtaking scenery of the North. Baffin Island encompasses both field research and High Arctic adventure. The research trips to Baffin between 1961 and 1967 also served as a vital training ground in polar studies for university students; further, they represented a breakthrough in gender equality in government-sponsored science, thanks to the author's persistence in having women permitted on the teams. The book contains a special section detailing the subsequent professional achievements of the many researchers involved (in addition to the later career moves of Ives himself) and a chapter that delves deeper into the science behind their fieldwork in the North. Readers need not be versed in glaciology, however. Ives has produced a highly readable book that seamlessly combines research and adventure.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XII, 234 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781552388310
    Language: English
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  • 28
    Keywords: microbiology ; carbon cycle ; B vitamins ; cobalamin ; thiamin ; Pyridoxin ; Trace metals ; Molybdenum ; Vanadium ; Nickel ; Copper ; Coenzymes
    Description / Table of Contents: In the last three decades, research has extensively focused on the role of Fe and other mineral nutrients in regulating biological processes, ranging from the surface to the deep ocean. This has produced major breakthroughs in our understanding of the fundamental role of those bioactive elements on the carbon, nitrogen and sulfur cycles and ecosystem function. However, biological processes cannot be entirely sustained by that small set of chemical elements, and new scientific evidence suggests that trace metals other than Fe (e.g., Co, Mo and Ni) as well as essential organic growth factors (e.g., vitamins) may also be crucial in most aquatic systems.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (109 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9782889195466
    Language: English
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  • 29
    Keywords: social transformations ; global environmental change ; Pacific Islands Countries ; social transformations ; global environmental change ; Pacific Islands Countries
    Description / Table of Contents: Pazifikstaaten wie die Fidschi-Inseln sind wie kaum eine andere Region der Welt gekennzeichnet von gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen und dem globalen Umweltwandel. Auf Basis eines partizipativen Forschungsdesigns, durchgeführt in ausgewählten Küstendörfern, untersucht dieser Band die Auswirkungen der Globalisierung und des Klimawandels auf die Lebensqualität ihrer Bewohner. Dabei wird aufgezeigt, dass die Dorfbewohner keine passiven Opfer externer Prozesse sind, sondern aktiv ihr Leben gestalten. Mittels neo-traditioneller Bewegungen gelingt es den Bewohnern weitestgehend, ein festes Wertefundament als Grundlage ihrer kulturellen Identität zu bewahren. Eine intakte Gemeinschaft steht dabei im Zentrum spiritueller, ökonomischer und sozialer Werte. Im Zuge der gesellschaftlichen Transformation agieren die Gemeinschaften nicht mehr ortsgebunden, sondern bilden mithilfe moderner Transport- und Kommunikationstechnologien globalisierte Netzwerke – ohne dabei die Bezüge zu ihrer kulturellen Herkunft zu verlieren. Auswärts lebende Familienangehörige tragen so Wissen und materiellen Wohlstand in die Dorfgemeinschaften und erweitern die Handlungspotentiale und Lebensstandards der Küstendorfbewohner. Im Zuge der Wissensvermittlung erfolgt jedoch insbesondere die Darstellung des Klimawandels und seiner Gefahren verkürzt und nicht auf lokale Werte zurechtgeschnitten, sodass es auch zu Wahrnehmungsverzerrungen und Fehlanpassungen kommt. Im Kontext von Entwicklungszusammenarbeit rät diese Untersuchung daher zu kultureller Sensibilität und einer kritischen Reflektion ethnozentrischer Weltanschauungen, um die Lebensqualität in fidschianischen Dorfgemeinschaften nicht zu gefährden. In diesem Band werden ethnographische Ideale für eine kultur- und sozialgeographische Forschung im globalen Süden aufbereitet. Konzeptionell ist die Untersuchung in die kritische geographische Verwundbarkeits- und Transformationsforschung eingerahmt. In einem kulturräumlichen Überblick wird zunächst aus historisch-politischer Perspektive die Bedeutung postkolonialer Belastungen auf gegenwärtige Transformationsprozesse aufgezeigt. Das Herzstück bildet anschließend die ausführliche Analyse gesellschaftlicher Transformationsprozesse auf die Lebensqualität in drei Küstendörfern der Fidschi-Inseln. | As other Pacific Islands Countries, Fiji is shaped by processes of social transformations and global environmental change. This study utilises ethnographic ideals for enhancing cultural and social geographic research in the global south. A participatory in-depth analysis of rural life in three Fijian coastal villages is at the core of this study. This is framed by a historic-political overview of the burden of Fiji's colonial past. Fijian coastal villagers are not passive victims of global social transformation and climate change. Through neo-traditional movements they actively form processes of social and cultural change. Rural Fijian norms, values and cultural identity crystallize in robust communities. Via modern forms of communication and transportation Fijians established globalised networks securing individuals' quality of life. Family members living far from their home villages remain in contact with their relatives. This way they keep their Fijian Identities as source of wellbeing and as well support the villagers' material wealth and knowledge to enhance capabilities. Merely regarding hazardous climate change impacts the passed on knowledge is spread abridged and poorly fitting into local value systems. Therefore, misperceptions and maladaptations are prevalent. In consequence this study pleads for development agencies to act culturally sensitive and to critically reflect ethnocentric worldviews in order not to harm Fijian values and wellbeing.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVIII, 232 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783863952617
    Language: German
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  • 30
    Keywords: social transformations ; global environmental change ; Pacific Islands Countries
    Description / Table of Contents: Pazifikstaaten wie die Fidschi-Inseln sind wie kaum eine andere Region der Welt gekennzeichnet von gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen und dem globalen Umweltwandel. Auf Basis eines partizipativen Forschungsdesigns, durchgeführt in ausgewählten Küstendörfern, untersucht dieser Band die Auswirkungen der Globalisierung und des Klimawandels auf die Lebensqualität ihrer Bewohner. Dabei wird aufgezeigt, dass die Dorfbewohner keine passiven Opfer externer Prozesse sind, sondern aktiv ihr Leben gestalten. Mittels neo-traditioneller Bewegungen gelingt es den Bewohnern weitestgehend, ein festes Wertefundament als Grundlage ihrer kulturellen Identität zu bewahren. Eine intakte Gemeinschaft steht dabei im Zentrum spiritueller, ökonomischer und sozialer Werte. Im Zuge der gesellschaftlichen Transformation agieren die Gemeinschaften nicht mehr ortsgebunden, sondern bilden mithilfe moderner Transport- und Kommunikationstechnologien globalisierte Netzwerke – ohne dabei die Bezüge zu ihrer kulturellen Herkunft zu verlieren. Auswärts lebende Familienangehörige tragen so Wissen und materiellen Wohlstand in die Dorfgemeinschaften und erweitern die Handlungspotentiale und Lebensstandards der Küstendorfbewohner. Im Zuge der Wissensvermittlung erfolgt jedoch insbesondere die Darstellung des Klimawandels und seiner Gefahren verkürzt und nicht auf lokale Werte zurechtgeschnitten, sodass es auch zu Wahrnehmungsverzerrungen und Fehlanpassungen kommt. Im Kontext von Entwicklungszusammenarbeit rät diese Untersuchung daher zu kultureller Sensibilität und einer kritischen Reflektion ethnozentrischer Weltanschauungen, um die Lebensqualität in fidschianischen Dorfgemeinschaften nicht zu gefährden. In diesem Band werden ethnographische Ideale für eine kultur- und sozialgeographische Forschung im globalen Süden aufbereitet. Konzeptionell ist die Untersuchung in die kritische geographische Verwundbarkeits- und Transformationsforschung eingerahmt. In einem kulturräumlichen Überblick wird zunächst aus historisch-politischer Perspektive die Bedeutung postkolonialer Belastungen auf gegenwärtige Transformationsprozesse aufgezeigt. Das Herzstück bildet anschließend die ausführliche Analyse gesellschaftlicher Transformationsprozesse auf die Lebensqualität in drei Küstendörfern der Fidschi-Inseln. | As other Pacific Islands Countries, Fiji is shaped by processes of social transformations and global environmental change. This study utilises ethnographic ideals for enhancing cultural and social geographic research in the global south. A participatory in-depth analysis of rural life in three Fijian coastal villages is at the core of this study. This is framed by a historic-political overview of the burden of Fiji's colonial past. Fijian coastal villagers are not passive victims of global social transformation and climate change. Through neo-traditional movements they actively form processes of social and cultural change. Rural Fijian norms, values and cultural identity crystallize in robust communities. Via modern forms of communication and transportation Fijians established globalised networks securing individuals' quality of life. Family members living far from their home villages remain in contact with their relatives. This way they keep their Fijian Identities as source of wellbeing and as well support the villagers' material wealth and knowledge to enhance capabilities. Merely regarding hazardous climate change impacts the passed on knowledge is spread abridged and poorly fitting into local value systems. Therefore, misperceptions and maladaptations are prevalent. In consequence this study pleads for development agencies to act culturally sensitive and to critically reflect ethnocentric worldviews in order not to harm Fijian values and wellbeing.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVIII, 232 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9783863952617
    Language: German
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  • 31
    Keywords: Deccan Trap ; western India ; tectonics ; volcanism
    Description / Table of Contents: Soumyajit Mukherjee, Achyuta Ayan Misra, Gérôme Calvès, and Michal Nemčok: Tectonics of the Deccan Large Igneous Province: an introduction / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:1-9, first published on December 7, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.14 --- Vivek S. Kale, Gauri Dole, Devdutt Upasani, and Shilpa Patil Pillai: Deccan Plateau uplift: insights from parts of Western Uplands, Maharashtra, India / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:11-46, first published on July 20, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.2 --- Souvik Mitra, Kaushik Mitra, Saibal Gupta, Satadru Bhattacharya, Prakash Chauhan, and Nirmala Jain: Alteration and submergence of basalts in Kachchh, Gujarat, India: implications for the role of the Deccan Traps in the India–Seychelles break-up / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:47-67, first published on August 31, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.9 --- Vamdev Pathak, S. K. Patil, and J. P. Shrivastava: Tectonomagmatic setting of lava packages in the Mandla lobe of the eastern Deccan volcanic province, India: palaeomagnetism and magnetostratigraphic evidence / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:69-94, first published on July 21, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.3 --- M. Nemčok and S. Rybár: Rift–drift transition in a magma-rich system: the Gop Rift–Laxmi Basin case study, West India / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:95-117, first published on July 20, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.5 --- Achyuta Ayan Misra, Smita Banerjee, Nishikanta Kundu, and Brunti Mukherjee: Subsidence around oceanic ridges along passive margins: NE Arabian Sea / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:119-149, first published on October 12, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.10 --- Harsh K. Gupta, Kusumita Arora, N. Purnachandra Rao, Sukanta Roy, V. M. Tiwari, Prasanta K. Patro, H. V. S. Satyanarayana, D. Shashidhar, C. R. Mahato, K. N. S. S. S. Srinivas, M. Srihari, N. Satyavani, Y. Srinu, D. Gopinadh, Haris Raza, Monikuntala Jana, Vyasulu V. Akkiraju, Deepjyoti Goswami, Digant Vyas, C. P. Dubey, D. Ch. V. Raju, Ujjal Borah, Kashi Raju, K. Chinna Reddy, Narendra Babu, B. K. Bansal, and Shailesh Nayak: Investigations of continued reservoir triggered seismicity at Koyna, India / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:151-188, first published on October 24, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.11 --- Prantik Mandal: Influence of Deccan volcanism/synrift magmatism on the crust–mantle structure and its implications for the seismogenesis of earthquakes occurring in the Kachchh rift zone / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:189-218, first published on July 11, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.6 --- Mita Rajaram, S. P. Anand, V. C. Erram, and B. N. Shinde: Insight into the structures below the Deccan Trap-covered region of Maharashtra, India from geopotential data / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:219-236, first published on September 16, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.8 --- D. M. Maurya, Vikas Chowksey, A. K. Patidar, and L. S. Chamyal: A review and new data on neotectonic evolution of active faults in the Kachchh Basin, Western India: legacy of post-Deccan Trap tectonic inversion / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:237-268, first published on September 19, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.7 --- Achyuta Ayan Misra and Soumyajit Mukherjee: Dyke–brittle shear relationships in the Western Deccan Strike-slip Zone around Mumbai (Maharashtra, India) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:269-295, first published on June 22, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.4 --- Wei Ju, Guiting Hou, and K. R. Hari: Dyke emplacement in the Narmada rift zone and implications for the evolution of the Deccan Traps / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:297-315, first published on May 30, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.1 --- R. D. Kaplay, M. D. Babar, Soumyajit Mukherjee, and T. Vijay Kumar: Morphotectonic expression of geological structures in the eastern part of the South East Deccan Volcanic Province (around Nanded, Maharashtra, India) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:317-335, first published on November 8, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.12 --- M. D. Babar, Ramakant D. Kaplay, Soumyajit Mukherjee, and P. S. Kulkarni: Evidence of the deformation of dykes from the Central Deccan Volcanic Province, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445:337-353, first published on November 8, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP445.13
    Pages: Online-Ressource (363 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    ISBN: 9781786202758
    Language: English
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  • 32
    Keywords: Underwater ; Photogrammetry ; Bathymetry ; ROV ; 3D modelling ; Multi-media ; Marine biology
    Description / Table of Contents: Water covers approximately 71% of the planet’s surface and human activities have been relying on it since remote times. Many traces of these exist under the “zero level” and will continue to exist in the future. Measuring, positioning, and mapping objects under water have experienced very significant modifications, brought about by advances in technology and also by changed requirements, demands for new products, introduction of new tools, and the modification of existing equipment. The exploration, documentation, and recording of underwater environments remains a difficult task, and is sometimes still unsolved. The research, design, and development of techniques and procedures for correctly validating underwater environments are more than ever important. This Special Issue originates from the ISPRS/CIPA Workshop "UNDERWATER 3D RECORDING & MODELING—Experiences in Data Acquisition, Calibration, Orientation, Modelling & Accuracy Assessment” (http://3dom.fbk.eu/files/underwater/index.html).
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XX, 368 Seiten)
    Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Sensors
    ISBN: 9783038422235
    Language: English
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  • 33
    facet.materialart.
    Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
    Keywords: hydrological modeling ; ecological modeling ; model coupling ; flexible model toolkits ; hydro-biogeochemistry ; climate and land use change ; erosion ; biodiversity
    Description / Table of Contents: Water is not only an interesting object to be studied on its own, it also is an important component driving almost all ecological processes occurring in our landscapes. Plant growth depends on soil water content, as well is nutrient turnover by microbes. Water shapes the environment by erosion and sedimentation. Species occur or are lost depending on hydrological conditions, and many infectious diseases are water-borne. Modeling the complex interactions of water and ecosystem processes requires the prediction of hydrological fluxes and stages on the one side and the coupling of the ecosystem process model on the other. While much effort has been given to the development of the hydrological model theory in recent decades, we have just begun to explore the difficulties that occur when coupled model applications are being set up.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIV, 322 Seiten)
    Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Water
    ISBN: 9783038422129
    Language: English
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  • 34
    Keywords: medical geology
    Description / Table of Contents: All living organisms are composed of major, minor, and trace elements, given by nature and supplied by geology. Medical geology is a rapidly growing discipline dealing with the influence of natural geological and environmental risk factors on the distribution of health problems in humans and animals. As a multi-disciplinary scientific field, medical geology has the potential of helping medical and public health communities all over the world in the pursuit of solutions to a wide range of environmental and naturally induced health issues. The natural environment can impact health in a variety of ways. The composition of rocks and minerals are imprinted on the air that we breathe, the water that we drink, and the food that we eat. For many people this transference of minerals and the trace elements they contain is beneficial as it is the primary source of nutrients (such as calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and about a dozen other elements) that are essential for a healthy life. However, sometimes the local geology can cause significant health problems because there is an insufficient amount of an essential element or an excess of a potentially toxic element (such as arsenic, mercury, lead, fluorine, etc.), or a harmful substance such as methane gas, dust-sized particles of asbestos, quartz or pyrite, or certain naturally occurring organic compounds. Current and future medical geology concerns include: dangerous levels of arsenic in drinking water in dozens of countries including the USA; mercury emissions from coal combustion and its bioaccumulation in the environment; the impacts of mercury and lead mobilizations in regions were artisanal gold mining is conducted; the residual health impacts of geologic processes such as volcanic emissions, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and geogenic dust; exposure to fibrous minerals such as asbestos and erionite; and the health impacts of global climate change. Billions of people, most in developing countries, are afflicted by these and other environmental health issues that can be avoided, prevented, mitigated or minimized through research and educational outreach. This Special Issue of Geosciences discusses recent advances in medical geology, providing examples from research conducted all over the world. Among the topics to be discussed are: - Health effects from trace elements, metals and metalloids - Regional and global impacts of natural dust (including the study of nanoparticles) - Chemical and environmental pathology of diseases associated with natural environment - Novel analytical approaches to the study of natural geochemical and environmental agents - Research on beneficial health aspects of natural geological materials - Risk management, risk communication and risk mitigation on medical geology - Remote sensing and GIS applications on medical geology - Epidemiology and public health studies on medical geology - Climate change and medical geology - Clinical and toxicological research on biomarkers of exposure - Veterinary medical geology - Biosurveillance and biomonitoring studies on medical geology
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIV, 238 Seiten)
    Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Geosciences
    ISBN: 9783038421986
    Language: English
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  • 35
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction --- Wolf Mayer: Introduction: enquiries into the history of geology / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:1-8, first published on February 28, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP442.41 --- Tracing the history of INHIGEO (International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences) --- Irena Malakhova: The founding of INHIGEO: documents and letters, with comments / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:9-19, first published on February 16, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP442.38 --- Algimantas Grigelis and Stanisław Czarniecki: International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences: the earliest events / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:21-27, first published on November 9, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.30 --- Kennard B. Bork and Barry J. Cooper: INHIGEO in recent times / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:29-39, first published on July 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.15 --- Mike R. Johnston and Kenneth L. Taylor: Historians of geology in the field: a half-century of INHIGEO excursions / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:41-54, first published on July 22, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.17 --- Martin Rudwick: Insiders and outsiders: INHIGEO seen from the sidelines / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:55-62, first published on November 9, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.25 --- Why study the history of geology --- Barry J. Cooper: Changing reflections on the history of geology / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:63-67, first published on November 9, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.23 --- On theories, ideas and concepts in geology --- Martina Kölbl-Ebert: Thinking about the geosciences in their religious/philosophical context / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:69-79, first published on May 23, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.5 --- Grzegorz Racki: Methodological uniformitarianism of Hugo Kołłątaj: an unknown Polish precursor of the Lyellian geological paradigm / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:81-91, first published on December 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.29 --- Stefan Cwojdzinski: History of a discussion: selected aspects of the Earth expansion v. plate tectonics theories / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:93-104, first published on November 11, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.24 --- D. Letsch: Swiss contributions to mid-nineteenth century tectonic research: a step backwards or the prologue to the nappe tectonics revolution? / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:105-116, first published on May 26, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.1 --- Kenneth L. Taylor: Before volcanoes became ordinary / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:117-126, first published on December 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.27 --- Guillermo E. Alvarado and Lina C. Patino: The history of volcanology in Costa Rica: from the Amerindian legends to the beginning of the twenty-first century / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:127-140, first published on November 9, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.35 --- Antony R. Orme: Dynamic geomorphology: historical convergence towards modern practice / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:141-154, first published on December 23, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.34 --- Spencer G. Lucas and Guillermo E. Alvarado: Vertebrate palaeontology in Central America: a narrative and analytical history / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:155-169, first published on May 23, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.9 --- Sally Newcomb: Progression of instrument use and practice in mineralogy and petrology, 1750–1950 / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:171-180, first published on November 11, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.22 --- Teaching the history of geoscience --- Silvia F. de M. Figueirôa: Innovation and critical thinking: contributions of the history and philosophy of geological sciences to teaching, especially undergraduate teaching / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:181-188, first published on June 13, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.7 --- Renee M. Clary: Controversies in the history of geology and their educational importance for facilitating understanding of the nature of science / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:189-198, first published on November 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.36 --- Yufeng Zhou: Review of the history of higher education in geology during the past 100 years in China / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:199-203, first published on July 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.14 --- On the contribution of women to the geosciences --- M. Kölbl-Ebert and S. Turner: Towards a history of women in the geosciences / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:205-216, first published on August 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.16 --- Biographical studies --- Zoya A. Bessudnova: The first Russian monograph on the History of Geology by Grigory E. Shchurovsky, professor of Moscow University: on the 150th anniversary of the publication / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:217-227, first published on November 17, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.31 --- K. R. Aalto: Clarence Dutton's geology / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:229-238, first published on July 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.18 --- Alberto C. Riccardi: Life and geological studies of Joaquín Frenguelli / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:239-251, first published on June 29, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.6 --- T. Sato, T. Yamada, and M. Yajima: Teiichi Kobayashi: his life and works, with an emphasis on his contribution to the history of the geosciences in Japan / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:253-262, first published on November 11, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.19 --- Government agencies, institutions and societies --- Marianne Klemun: Spaces and places: an historical overview of the development of geology in Austria (Habsburg Monarchy) in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:263-270, first published on November 11, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.20 --- Isabel Rábano: Early history of the Spanish Geological Survey: the Commission for the Geological Map of Spain (1849–1910) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:271-278, first published on May 25, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.3 --- Teresa Salomé Mota and Ana Carneiro: The ups and downs of geology in Portugal: the Geological Survey, a historical perspective / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:279-287, first published on May 25, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.2 --- Luz Fernanda Azuela: Towards a nationwide geological survey in nineteenth century Mexico / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:289-301, first published on June 30, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.11 --- Lucero Morelos-Rodríguez: Brief history of geological and mining exploration in nineteenth century Mexico / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:303-313, first published on May 25, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.8 --- Alberto C. Riccardi: Geographical and geological explorations of the La Plata Museum 1884–1905 / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:315-326, first published on July 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.13 --- Philippe Taquet: A look into the history of geology in France / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:327-332, first published on November 11, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.21 --- Jiuchen Zhang: Social functions of historical studies of Chinese geology / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:333-339, first published on June 29, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.4 --- Regional geological studies --- Björn Sundquist: Early geological studies and mapping in Sweden / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:341-352, first published on June 29, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.10 --- John Diemer: Murchison in Sweden: consolidating Lower Silurian stratigraphy in the summer of 1844 / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:353-366, first published on November 9, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.26 --- A. Grigelis: The earliest geological observations in Lithuania: a historical viewpoint / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:367-376, first published on February 28, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP442.40 --- Marek Graniczny, Krystyna Wołkowicz, Halina Urban, and Stanisław Wołkowicz: Contribution of Polish geologists to geology in Siberia and the Far East / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:377-386, first published on February 23, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP442.39 --- Renee M. Clary and Tom Sharpe: The furthest end of the Earth: the role of geological research in Antarctic exploration, 1895–1922 / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:387-399, first published on December 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.28 --- Reviews on the history of petroleum exploration and production --- StanisŁaw WoŁkowicz, Marek Graniczny, Krystyna WoŁkowicz, and Halina Urban: History of the oil industry in Poland until 1939 / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:401-411, first published on December 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.32 --- Francesco Gerali and Paolo Riguzzi: Gushers, science and luck: Everette Lee DeGolyer and the Mexican oil upsurge, 1909–19 / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:413-424, first published on December 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.37 --- Francesco Gerali and Jenny Gregory: Harsh oil: finding petroleum in early twentieth century Western Australia / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 442:425-436, first published on December 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP442.33 ---
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VII, 449 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 9781786202697
    Language: English
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  • 36
    facet.materialart.
    Acton, Australia : ANU Press
    Keywords: Mathematics ; Probability ; Statistics ; Bayesian inference
    Description / Table of Contents: Bayesian methods for statistical analysis is a book on statistical methods for analysing a wide variety of data. The book consists of 12 chapters, starting with basic concepts and covering numerous topics, including Bayesian estimation, decision theory, prediction, hypothesis testing, hierarchical models, Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, finite population inference, biased sampling and nonignorable nonresponse. The book contains many exercises, all with worked solutions, including complete computer code. It is suitable for self-study or a semester-long course, with three hours of lectures and one tutorial per week for 13 weeks.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVII, 679 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781921934261
    Language: English
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  • 37
    facet.materialart.
    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: tsunami ; warning system ; risk reduction ; tsunami propagation ; meteo-tsunami ; tsunami generation
    Description / Table of Contents: This book is a collection of contribution from experts involved in tsunami study for the purpose of covering its different aspects from generation to warning system to be applied in tsunami risk reduction. The presented chapters have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. The content of the book consists of information on tsunami propagation from the open sea to the coast and coastal tsunami warning using deployed HF radar systems in different parts of North America and Japan. In this book, tsunami propagation, preliminary methods for evaluating the suitability of radar sites for tsunami detection using simulated tsunami velocities and factors affecting tsunami detectability are discussed and methods for reducing the false alarms are described. It further covers multi-scale meteorological systems resulted in meteo-tsunami and tsunami generation due to a landslide or a submarine volcanic eruption, where few case studies have been presented. The occurrence and characteristics of tsunami in Sweden, using paleo-tsunami events from different parts of the Scandinavia and finally challenges and opportunities for reducing losses to fast-arriving tsunamis in remote villages along Pakistan coast, with few examples are also discussed.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (142 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535126775
    Language: English
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    Description / Table of Contents: From paintings and food to illness and icebergs, science is happening everywhere. Rather than follow the path of a syllabus or textbook, Andrew Morris takes examples from the science we see every day and uses them as entry points to explain a number of fundamental scientific concepts – from understanding colour to the nature of hormones – in ways that anyone can grasp. While each chapter offers a separate story, they are linked together by their fascinating relevance to our daily lives. The topics explored in each chapter are based on hundreds of discussions the author has led with adult science learners over many years – people who came from all walks of life and had no scientific training, but had developed a burning curiosity to understand the world around them. This book encourages us to reflect on our own relationship with science and serves as an important reminder of why we should continue learning as adults.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIV, 205 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    ISBN: 9781911307044
    Language: English
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  • 39
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: hazardous waste ; nuclear waste ; nuclear power ; contaminants ; microbial bioremediation ; waste generation
    Description / Table of Contents: Rapid trend of industry and high technological progress are the main sources of the accumulation of hazardous wastes. Recently, nuclear applications have been rapidly developed, and several nuclear power plants have been started to work throughout the world. The potential impact of released hazardous contaminants into the environment has received growing attention due to its serious problems to the biological systems. The book Management of Hazardous Wastes contains eight chapters covering two main topics of hazardous waste management and microbial bioremediation. This book will be useful to many scientists, researchers, and students in the scope of development in waste management program including sources of hazardous waste, government policies on waste generation, and treatment with particular emphasis on bioremediation technology.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (184 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535126171
    Language: English
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  • 40
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: chemical engineering ; petrochemistry ; petroleum industry ; Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery ; cEOR ; polymer ; processing ; electrorheology
    Description / Table of Contents: Commercial application of chemical enhanced oil recovery (cEOR) processes is expected to grow significantly over the next decade. Thus, Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery (cEOR): A Practical Overview offers key knowledge and understanding of cEOR processes using an evidence-based approach intended for a broad audience ranging from field operators, researchers, to reservoir engineers dealing with the development and planning of cEOR field applications. This book is structured into three sections; the first section surveys overall EOR processes. The second section focuses on cEOR processes, while the final section describes the electrorheology technology. These sections are presented using a practical and realistic approach tailored for readers looking to improve their knowledge and understanding of cEOR processes in a nutshell.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (200 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535127017
    Language: English
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  • 41
    Keywords: palaeobiology ; early life ; early evolution ; macroscopic life
    Description / Table of Contents: Alexander T. Brasier, Duncan McIlroy, and Nicola McLoughlin: Contributions of Professor Martin Brasier to the study of early life, stratigraphy and biogeochemistry / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:1-17, first published on March 30, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP448.23 --- Deciphering the earliest evidence for life --- Jonathan B. Antcliffe, Alexander G. Liu, Latha R. Menon, Duncan McIlroy, Nicola McLoughlin, and David Wacey: Understanding ancient life: how Martin Brasier changed the way we think about the fossil record / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:19-31, first published on November 28, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.16 --- Keyron Hickman-Lewis, Russell J. Garwood, Philip J. Withers, and David Wacey: X-ray microtomography as a tool for investigating the petrological context of Precambrian cellular remains / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:33-56, first published on November 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.11 --- Eugene G. Grosch, Manuel Muñoz, Olivier Mathon, and Nicola McLoughlin: Earliest microbial trace fossils in Archaean pillow lavas under scrutiny: new micro-X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy, metamorphic and morphological constraints / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:57-70, first published on October 12, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.8 --- The preservation, origins and interactions of early multicellular organisms – the Torridonian Supergroup, NW Scotland --- D. K. Muirhead, J. Parnell, S. Spinks, and S. A. Bowden: Characterization of organic matter in the Torridonian using Raman spectroscopy / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:71-80, first published on September 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.2 --- David Wacey, Leila Battison, Russell J. Garwood, Keyron Hickman-Lewis, and Martin D. Brasier: Advanced analytical techniques for studying the morphology and chemistry of Proterozoic microfossils / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:81-104, first published on September 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.4 --- David Wacey, Martin Brasier, John Parnell, Timothy Culwick, Stephen Bowden, Sam Spinks, Adrian J. Boyce, Brett Davidheiser-Kroll, Heejin Jeon, Martin Saunders, and Matt R. Kilburn: Contrasting microfossil preservation and lake chemistries within the 1200–1000 Ma Torridonian Supergroup of NW Scotland / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:105-119, first published on September 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.6 --- A. T. Brasier, T. Culwick, L. Battison, R. H. T. Callow, and M. D. Brasier: Evaluating evidence from the Torridonian Supergroup (Scotland, UK) for eukaryotic life on land in the Proterozoic / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:121-144, first published on October 27, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.13 --- Progress on understanding the evolution of animal life and the biosphere during the Precambrian–Cambrian transition --- Tianchen He, Ying Zhou, Pieter Vermeesch, Martin Rittner, Lanyun Miao, Maoyan Zhu, Andrew Carter, Philip A. E. Pogge von Strandmann, and Graham A. Shields: Measuring the ‘Great Unconformity’ on the North China Craton using new detrital zircon age data / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:145-159, first published on November 8, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.14 --- Graham A. Shields: Earth system transition during the Tonian–Cambrian interval of biological innovation: nutrients, climate, oxygen and the marine organic carbon capacitor / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:161-177, first published on December 14, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.17 --- Alexander G. Liu, Latha R. Menon, Graham A. Shields, Richard H. T. Callow, and Duncan McIlroy: Martin Brasier's contribution to the palaeobiology of the Ediacaran–Cambrian transition / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:179-193, first published on November 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.9 --- Rachel Wood: Palaeoecology of Ediacaran metazoan reefs / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:195-210, first published on September 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.1 --- Suzanne C. Dufour and Duncan McIlroy: Ediacaran pre-placozoan diploblasts in the Avalonian biota: the role of chemosynthesis in the evolution of early animal life / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:211-219, first published on September 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.5 --- Charlotte G. Kenchington and Philip R. Wilby: Rangeomorph classification schemes and intra-specific variation: are all characters created equal? / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:221-250, first published on March 30, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP448.19 --- Jack J. Matthews, Alexander G. Liu, and Duncan McIlroy: Post-fossilization processes and their implications for understanding Ediacaran macrofossil assemblages / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:251-269, first published on March 17, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP448.20 --- Latha R. Menon, Duncan McIlroy, and Martin D. Brasier: ‘Intrites’ from the Ediacaran Longmyndian Supergroup, UK: a new form of microbially-induced sedimentary structure (MISS) / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:271-283, first published on November 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.12 --- Sean McMahon, Ashleigh van Smeerdijk Hood, and Duncan McIlroy: The origin and occurrence of subaqueous sedimentary cracks / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:285-309, first published on November 30, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.15 --- Gerd Geyer and Ed Landing: The Precambrian–Phanerozoic and Ediacaran–Cambrian boundaries: a historical approach to a dilemma / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:311-349, first published on November 2, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.10 --- Duncan McIlroy and Martin D. Brasier: Ichnological evidence for the Cambrian explosion in the Ediacaran to Cambrian succession of Tanafjord, Finnmark, northern Norway / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:351-368, first published on October 27, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.7 --- Liam G. Herringshaw, Richard H. T. Callow, and Duncan McIlroy: Engineering the Cambrian explosion: the earliest bioturbators as ecosystem engineers / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:369-382, first published on January 23, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP448.18 --- Studies of exceptional preservation --- Martin D. Brasier, David B. Norman, Alexander G. Liu, Laura J. Cotton, Jamie E. H. Hiscocks, Russell J. Garwood, Jonathan B. Antcliffe, and David Wacey: Remarkable preservation of brain tissues in an Early Cretaceous iguanodontian dinosaur / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:383-398, first published on October 27, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP448.3 --- A. T. Brasier, L. J. Cotton, R. J. Garwood, J. Baker-Brian, E. Howlett, and M. D. Brasier: Earliest Cretaceous cocoons or plant seed structures from the Wealden Group, Hastings, UK / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:399-411, first published on March 22, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP448.21 --- L. J. Cotton, F. Vollrath, M. D. Brasier, and C. Dicko: Chemical relationships of ambers using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 448:413-424, first published on March 17, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP448.22
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VII, 432 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 9781786202796
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Environment ; Climate change ; Remote sensing ; Physics ; Environment ; Climate Change ; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry ; Energy Efficiency ; Climate Change/Climate Change Impacts ; Applied and Technical Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I The Urban Heat Island – Evidence, Measures and Tools --- Forecasting Models for Urban Warming in Climate Change --- Assessment Indication and Gold Standard --- Methodologies for UHI Analysis --- Decision Support Systems for Urban Planning --- Part II Pilot Actions in European Cities --- Counteracting Urban Heat Islands: Solutions for European Cities.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (LIII, 400 pages) , 213 illustrations
    ISBN: 9783319104256
    Language: English
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  • 43
    Keywords: Environment ; Environmental management ; Political science ; Wildlife ; Fish ; Marine sciences ; Freshwater ; Environment ; Environmental Management ; Political Science ; Water Policy/Water Governance/Water Management ; Marine & Freshwater Sciences ; Fish & Wildlife Biology & Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: Identifying Key Challenges Research Topics and Analytical Approaches. Part 1: Interdisciplinary Case Studies of Environmental Governance --- Chapter 2. Eutrophication and the Ecosystem Approach to Management: A Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance --- Chapter 3. Fisheries: A Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance --- Chapter 4. Biological Invasions: a Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance --- Chapter 5. Governance of Chemicals in the Baltic Sea Region: A Study of Three Generations of Hazardous Substances --- Chapter 6. Oil Spills from Shipping: A Case Study of the Governance of Accidental Hazards and Intentional Pollution in the Baltic Sea --- Part 2: Cross-Case Analysis of Key Environmental Governance Challenges --- Chapter 7. The Ecosystem Approach to Management in Baltic Sea Governance: Towards Increased Reflexivity? --- Chapter 8. Science-Policy Interfaces in Baltic Sea Environmental Governance: Towards Regional Cooperation and Management of Uncertainty? --- Chapter 9. Risk Communication and the Role of the Public: Towards Inclusive Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea? --- Chapter 10. Seeking Pathways Towards Improved Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIX, 253 pages) , 10 illustrations, 3 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319270067
    Language: English
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  • 44
    Keywords: Medicine ; Environmental monitoring ; Development economics ; Emigration and immigration ; Economics ; Development Economics ; Migration ; Medicine/Public Health, general ; Monitoring/Environmental Analysis
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction --- Part I Potted Review of Economic Theory: The Complex Evolving System --- 1. A Potted Review --- Part II Early Days: From Personal Awareness to Group Commitment --- 2. A personal story of awareness and perception --- 2.1 My first awareness breakthrough --- 2.2 Layers of awareness --- 2.3 My second burst of awareness --- 2.4 Defining a new society for myself --- 2.5 Key human values --- 2.6 Inside = outside --- 2.7 To be and to do --- 2.7 Welfare or wellbeing? --- 2.8 Business transformation --- 2.9 Leadership versus management --- 2.10 STIR Foundation - City of Tomorrow --- 2.11 Sustainocracy --- 2.12 City of Tomorrow --- 2.13 The Amsterdam internet congress --- 2.14 Key elements that define “sustainocratic” AiREAS --- 2.15 AiREAS --- 2.16 Commitment first --- 2.17 Territorial focus --- 2.18 Local AiREAS Eindhoven --- 2.19 First things first --- 2.20 Making visible the invisible --- 2.21 From idea to project --- 2.22 Conclusion about the coming about of AiREAS --- 2.23 Link with ethics and economies --- Part III “The Invisible made Visible”: science and technology --- An introduction by Marco van Lochem --- 3.1 The ILM --- 3.2. Variables measured --- 3.3.3. Instrumentation --- 3.3.1 The Airbox --- 3.3.2 PM (PM10, PM2.5, PM1) sensor --- 3.3.3 UFP sensor --- 3.3.4 Ozone sensor --- 3.3.5 NO2 sensor --- 3.3.6 Temperature sensor and relative humidity sensor --- 3.3.7 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) --- 3.3.8 Experiences and recommendations --- 4 Data quality --- 4.1 Regular calibration and preventative maintenance --- 4.2 Experiences and recommendations --- 5 Locations and spatial sampling --- 5.1 Experiences and recommendations --- 6 Data management --- 6.1 The Airbox --- 6.2 Axians (1) --- 6.3 ECN --- 6.4 Axians (2) --- 6.5 Experiences and recommendations --- 7 Results --- 7.1 Initial tests of sensors --- 7.2 Evaluation of sensor precision --- 8 Scientific projects based on the ILM --- Part IV Experiences after 5 years of AiREAS and 1 year of ILM --- 9. The way things work at AiREAS --- 9.1 The workflow in AiREAS --- 9.2 Financial routine in AiREAS --- 9.3 Confidence based interaction --- 9.4 October 2013 general AiREAS participants meeting --- 9.5 Interpreting the ILM data --- 9.6 The transition --- 9.7 Communication --- 9.8 Benchmarking and referencing our practical ideologies --- 9.9 The royalty system --- 9.10 Some of the transformative issues --- 9.11 Conclusion. Index.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIII, 113 pages) , 47 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319269405
    Language: English
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  • 45
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    Cham : Springer
    Keywords: Marine Sciences ; Environmental management ; Atmospheric Sciences ; Marine & Freshwater Sciences ; Environmental Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to the Assessment --- Past and Current Climate Change --- Past and Current Changes in the North Sea (and interface regions) --- Climate Change Projections --- Impacts of Current and Future Climate Change in Ecosystems --- Climate Impacts on Socio-economy
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XLV, 528 pages) , 277 illustrations, 215 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319397450
    Language: English
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  • 46
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Agriculture ; Climate change ; Environmental management ; Soil science ; Soil conservation ; Air pollution ; Life Sciences ; Agriculture ; Climate Change ; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Environmental Management
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1 Introduction to the SAMPLES Approach --- Chapter 2 Targeting Landscapes to Identify Mitigation Options --- Chapter 3 Determining Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals Associated with Land Use and Land Cover Change --- Chapter 4 Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Managed and Natural Soils --- Chapter 5 A Comparison of Methodologies for Measuring Methane Emissions from Ruminants --- Chapter 6 Quantifying Tree Biomass Carbon Stocks and Fluxes in Agricultural Landscapes --- Chapter 7 Methods for Smallholder Quantification of Soil Carbon Stocks and Stock Changes --- Chapter 8 Yield Estimation of Food and Non-Food Crops in Smallholder Production Systems --- Chapter 9 Scaling Point and Plot Measurements of Greenhouse Gas Fluxes, Balances and Intensities to Whole Farms and Landscapes --- Chapter 10 Methods for Environment-Productivity Trade-off Analysis in Agricultural Systems
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XV, 203 pages) , 33 illustrations, 27 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319297941
    Language: English
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  • 47
    Keywords: sustainable energy ; energy sources
    Description / Table of Contents: The sustainable energy sources are potentially employed to substitute petrol fuels in transport engines such as buses and small vehicles. Hydrogen-enriched compressed natural gas engines are forthcoming energy carriers for the internal combustion engine, with higher thermal efficiency and less pollutant emissions. The different availability of renewables has allowed various countries to adopt the most appropriate type of renewable energy technology according to their energy source adequacy/abundance. In Taiwan, ocean energy is considered as an abundant source of renewables due to its geographical location as an island. The Taiwanese government has approved the investment to construct an MW-scale demonstration electricity plant. In this book, the Taiwanese ocean energy experience is comprehensively presented. The technical and legal analyses of ocean energy implementation are provided. The challenges that they had to overcome to optimize the utilization of the most available ocean energy potential are discussed. The sustainable transition in South Africa would be a good example for implementing rooftop solar, especially in low-income communities. Apart from the environmental benefits, sustainable energy technologies can boost the socioeconomic level of developing countries. Other advantages may be the continuous supply of energy and creation of new job opportunities. Moreover, sustainable renewable energy sources such as the wind could be employed for generating electricity to operate water purification systems in remote areas. This, in turn, would overcome the health problems associated with drinking water scarcity issues. This book is an attempt to cover the sustainable energy issues from a technical perspective. Furthermore, the sustainable energy applications and existing case studies are helpful illustrations for the broad understanding of the importance of sustainable energy.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (204 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128403
    Language: English
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  • 48
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: air quality ; atmosphere ; air pollution
    Description / Table of Contents: Addressing the matter of air quality in a collection of focused scientific topic chapters is timely as a contribution to the international discussion and challenges of global warming and climate change. This book engages with the debate by considering some of the social, public health, economic and scientific issues that relate to the contribution made by airborne pollutants to the observable trending variances in weather, climate and atmospheric conditions. From a wide range of submissions for inclusion in the book, there are seven carefully selected chapters that individually relate to air sampling and analysis: the monitoring, measurement and modelling of air quality. The authors come from a range of academic and scientific disciplines, and each is internationally credited in his/her field. This book will appeal to scholars, to students and generally to those interested in the following contemporary thought in the matter of environment pollution, air quality and the issues of climate and atmosphere the world is facing today.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (194 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535127659
    Language: English
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  • 49
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: artificial intelligence ; pattern recognition
    Description / Table of Contents: Pattern recognition continued to be one of the important research fields in computer science and electrical engineering. Lots of new applications are emerging, and hence pattern analysis and synthesis become significant subfields in pattern recognition. This book is an edited volume and has six chapters arranged into two sections, namely, pattern recognition analysis and pattern recognition applications. This book will be useful for graduate students, researchers, and practicing engineers working in the field of machine vision and computer science and engineering.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (134 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128045
    Language: English
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  • 50
    Keywords: Mathematics ; Numerical analysis ; Computer mathematics ; Computer software ; Mathematics ; Computational Science and Engineering ; Numeric Computing ; Mathematical Software ; Numerical Analysis
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface --- The first few steps --- Basic constructions --- Computing integrals --- Solving ordinary differential equations --- Solving partial differential equations --- Solving nonlinear algebraic equations --- Getting access to Python --- References --- Index
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVI, 232 pages) , 45 illustrations
    ISBN: 9783319324289
    Language: English
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  • 51
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: manifold ; geometry
    Description / Table of Contents: Differential geometry is a very active field of research and has many applications to areas such as physics and gravity, for example. The papers in this book cover a number of subjects which will be of interest to workers in these areas. It is hoped that the papers here will be able to provide a useful resource for researchers with regard to current fields of research in this important area.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (158 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535128724
    Language: English
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  • 52
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    Cham : Springer
    Keywords: Environmental management ; International relations ; Behavioral sciences ; Environmental law ; Environmental policy ; Water ; Water Policy/Water Governance/Water Management ; Environmental Law/Policy/Ecojustice ; Environmental Management ; International Relations ; Behavioral Sciences
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Introduction and Reflections --- 2. The Establishment of Catchment Management Agencies in South Africa with Reference to the Flussgebietsgemeinschaft Elbe: Some Practical Considerations --- 3. Towards Inclusive Water Governance: OECD Evidence and Key Principles of Stakeholder Engagement in the Water Sector --- 4. Free-Market Economics and Developmental Statism as Political Paradigms: Implications for Water Governance Theory and Practice in Developing Countries --- 5. Urban Water Governance as a Function of the “Urban Hydrosocial Transition” --- 6. Urban Water Governance for the 21st Century: A Portfolio-Based Approach to Planning and Management --- 7. Rights-Based Freshwater Governance for the 21st Century: Beyond an Exclusionary Focus on Domestic Water uses --- 8. Inclusive Transboundary Water Governance --- 9. Mechanisms for Inclusive Governance --- 10. Water Integrity - from Concept to Practice --- 11. Addressing the Groundwater Governance Challenge: A Call from the “Groundwater Governance: A Global Framework for Action” Project --- 12. Water Governance Futures in South Asia and Southern Africa: Déjà vu all Over Again?
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XXVII, 250 pages) , 39 illustrations, 28 illustrations in color
    ISBN: 9783319433509
    Language: English
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  • 53
    Keywords: volcanism ; volcanic systems ; small-scale volcanoes
    Description / Table of Contents: I. E. M. Smith and K. Németh: Source to surface model of monogenetic volcanism: a critical review / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:1-28, first published on March 31, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP446.14 --- Volker Lorenz, Peter Suhr, and Stefan Suhr: Phreatomagmatic maar-diatreme volcanoes and their incremental growth: a model / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:29-59, first published on September 27, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.4 --- Karen G. Bemis and Margot Ferencz: Morphometric analysis of scoria cones: the potential for inferring process from shape / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:61-100, first published on January 17, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP446.9 --- Stephan Kurszlaukis and Volker Lorenz: Differences and similarities between emplacement models of kimberlite and basaltic maar-diatreme volcanoes / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:101-122, first published on October 5, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.5 --- R. A. F. Cas, J. van Otterloo, T. N. Blaikie, and J. van den Hove: The dynamics of a very large intra-plate continental basaltic volcanic province, the Newer Volcanics Province, SE Australia, and implications for other provinces / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:123-172, first published on November 7, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.8 --- H. Murcia, J. M. Lindsay, K. Németh, I. E. M. Smith, S. J. Cronin, M. R. H. Moufti, N. N. El-Masry, and S. Niedermann: Geology and geochemistry of Late Quaternary volcanism in northern Harrat Rahat, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: implications for eruption dynamics, regional stratigraphy and magma evolution / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:173-204, first published on September 30, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.2 --- Alexandrina Fulop and Stephan Kurszlaukis: Monogenetic v. polygenetic kimberlite volcanism: in-depth examination of the Tango Extension Super Structure, Attawapiskat kimberlite field, Ontario, Canada / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:205-224, first published on September 23, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.7 --- José Jorge Aranda-Gómez, Mariano Cerca, Luis Rocha-Treviño, Jaime Jesús Carrera-Hernández, Gilles Levresse, Jesús Pacheco, Vsevolod Yutsis, Jorge Arturo Arzate-Flores, Elizabeth Chacón, and Hugo Beraldi-Campesi: Structural evidence of enhanced active subsidence at the bottom of a maar: Rincón de Parangueo, México / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:225-254, first published on September 29, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.1 --- R. Saucedo, J. L. Macías, Y. Z. E. Ocampo-Díaz, W. Gómez-Villa, E. Rivera-Olguín, R. Castro-Govea, J. M. Sánchez-Núñez, P. W. Layer, J. R. Torres Hernández, and G. Carrasco-Núñez: Mixed magmatic–phreatomagmatic explosions during the formation of the Joya Honda maar, San Luis Potosí, Mexico / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:255-279, first published on February 28, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP446.11 --- Román Alvarez, Fernando Corbo Camargo, Vsevolod V. Yutsis, and Jorge A. Arzate: A volcanic centre in Mexico's Pacific continental shelf / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:281-293, first published on March 3, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP446.12 --- Román Alvarez, Fernando Corbo Camargo, and Vsevolod V. Yutsis: Geophysical modelling of Isla Isabel: a volcanic island on the Mexican continental margin / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:295-310, first published on March 3, 2017, doi:10.1144/SP446.13 --- Walter Báez, Gerardo Carrasco Nuñez, Guido Giordano, José G. Viramonte, and Agostina Chiodi: Polycyclic scoria cones of the Antofagasta de la Sierra basin, Southern Puna plateau, Argentina / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:311-336, first published on September 26, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.3 --- Guadalupe Maro and Pablo J. Caffe: Neogene monogenetic volcanism from the Northern Puna region: products and eruptive styles / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:337-359, first published on September 26, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.6 --- C. Borrero, H. Murcia, J. Agustin-Flores, M. T. Arboleda, and A. M. Giraldo: Pyroclastic deposits of San Diego maar, central Colombia: an example of a silicic magma-related monogenetic eruption in a hard substrate / Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 446:361-374, first published on December 15, 2016, doi:10.1144/SP446.10
    Pages: Online-Ressource (382 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 9781786202765
    Language: English
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  • 54
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    Oxford : Oxford University Press
    Keywords: change agents ; campaigners ; lobbyists ; officials ; public services ; activists ; social change ; political change ; NGOs
    Description / Table of Contents: Human society is full of would-be ‘change agents’, a restless mix of campaigners, lobbyists, and officials, both individuals and organizations, set on transforming the world. They want to improve public services, reform laws and regulations, guarantee human rights, get a fairer deal for those on the sharp end, achieve greater recognition for any number of issues, or simply be treated with respect. Striking then, that not many universities have a Department of Change Studies, to which social activists can turn for advice and inspiration. Instead, scholarly discussions of change are fragmented with few conversations crossing disciplinary boundaries, rarely making it onto the radars of those actively seeking change. This book aims to bridge the gap between academia and practice, bringing together the best research from a range of academic disciplines and the evolving practical understanding of activists to explore the topic of social and political change. Drawing on many first-hand examples from the global experience of Oxfam, one of the world’s largest social justice NGOs, as well as insights gleaned from studying and working on international development, it tests ideas and offers the latest thinking on what works to achieve progressive change. Table of Contents Foreword, Ha-Joon Chang Introduction Part 1. A Power and Systems Approach 1: Systems Thinking Changes Everything 2: Power Lies at the Heart of Change 3: Shifts in Social Norms often Underpin Change Case Study: The Chiquitanos of Bolivia Part 2. Institutions and the Importance of History Introduction to Section 2 4: How States Evolve 5: The Machinery of Law 6: Accountability, Political Parties,and the Media 7: How the International System Shapes Change 8: Transnational Corporations as Drivers and Targets of Change Case Study: The December 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change Part 3. Activists Introduction to Section 3 9: Citizen Activism and Civil Society 10: Leaders and leadership 11: The Power of Advocacy 12: A Power and Systems Approach to Making Change Happen In Conclusion
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVIII, 268 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9780198785392
    Language: English
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  • 55
    facet.materialart.
    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: fracture ; fractography ; fatigue ; crack propagation
    Description / Table of Contents: This book is a collection of 13 chapters divided into seven sections: Section I: "General Foundations of the Stress Field and Toughness" with one chapter, Section II: "Fractography and Impact Analysis" with two chapters, Section III: "Toughness Fracture" with three chapters, Section IV: "Fracture Behavior" with two chapters, Section V: "Natural and Hydraulic Fractures" with two chapters, section VI: "Fatigue" with one chapter and Section VII: "Fracture Biomaterials and compatible" with two chapters. This book covers a wide range of application of fracture mechanics in materials science, engineering, rock prospecting, dentistry and medicine. The book is aimed towards materials scientists, metallurgists, mechanical and civil engineers, doctors and dentists and can also be well used in education, research and industry.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (330 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535127093
    Language: English
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  • 56
    Keywords: tropical cyclone ; typhoon ; hurricane ; early warning system ; meteorology ; natural disasters
    Description / Table of Contents: Today, tropical cyclones continue to bring destruction, as well as disruption, to societies that are exposed to their threat. This book represents a compilation of recent cutting-edge research on tropical cyclones and their impacts from researchers at many institutions around the world. This book contains new looks at tropical cyclone dynamics, the use of satellite-based remote sensing in the detection and climatology of tropical cyclones, and the modeling and prediction of tropical cyclones as well as their associated impacts. This book would make a nice addition to any course on tropical meteorology highlighting topics of interest in recent research on this topic.
    Pages: Online-Ressource (256 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9789535127031
    Language: English
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  • 57
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    Rijeka : InTech
    Keywords: soil science ; desertification ; land degradation ; landscape research