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  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Mededelingen (0024-0672) vol.33 (1954) nr.6 p.41
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: Unter diesem Titel, indessen mit dem Zusatz „unter Benutzung des Materials der Kollektion Eisner, Dahlem" — die Sammlung befindet sich z.Zt. im Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden — haben mein Freund Felix Bryk und ich die Gruppen Parnassius mnemosyne L., P. stubbendorfi Ménétr., P. eversmanni Ménétr., P. nordmanni Ménétr., P. clarius Eversm., P. clodius Ménétr., P. Orleans Ch. Oberth., P. apollonius Eversm., P. honrathi Staud. und A. Bang-Haas, P. bremeri Bremer, P. phoebus F., P. actius Eversm., P. jacquemontii Boisd., P. epaphus Ch. Oberth., P. tianschanicus Ch. Oberth., P. nomion Hb. und einen Teil von P. apollo L. kritisch bearbeitet, bis die Entwicklung der politischen Verhältnisse in Deutschland die weitere Herausgabe der „Parnassiana" durch uns unmöglich machte und dadurch unsere Arbeit unterbrach. Wäre der Weltkrieg nicht ausgebrochen, hätten wir wahrscheinlich einen Weg gefunden, um das uns an's Herz gewachsene Werk schon längst fortzusetzen. Bryk weilt nun in Stockholm, mein Wohnsitz ist Den Haag, die enge Zusammenarbeit der Vergangenheit ist nicht möglich. Ich habe mich deshalb gefragt, ob ich es ohne die Unterstützung von Bryk's tiefem Wissen um die Parnassier und ohne seine kritische Kontrolle wagen kann, allein mit der Revision der Gattung fortzufahren. Ich habe aber das Gefühl, damit doch einen Beitrag zu der Kenntnis dieser interessanten Lepidopteren-Familie leisten zu können, und habe mich angemutigt durch meine Leidener Freunde entschlossen, dies zu tun. Herr Professor Boschma, dem ich dafür zu grossem Dank verpflichtet bin, hat mir angeboten, für die Veröffentlichung meiner Arbeiten in einer Form sorgen zu wollen, die es gestatten wird, diese separat zu sammeln und als Fortsetzung der früheren Veröffentlichung in „Parnassiana" zu ge-
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
    Type: Article / Letter to the editor
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  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Mededelingen (0024-0672) vol.32 (1954) nr.24 p.291
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: In the taxonomy of Coccoidea or scale insects much confusion is due to an insufficient knowledge of the type species of several genera. Especially our knowledge of some of the older genera is very incomplete, as the descriptions of their type species are extremely short and superficial from the modern point of view. The type specimens, on which the original descriptions of the genera were based, are distributed over several museums in all parts of the world; in some cases type material is no longer in existence, and as far as available it is seldom lent to persons in foreign countries. In consequence of this we have often to rely on the original description, as the type material is not available for examination. Signoret (Essai sur les Cochenilles, 1868-1876) was one of the first to describe the microscopical details of the genera and species which he introduced. He boiled his specimens in a solution of caustic potash to make microscopical preparations of the chitinous parts and did not hesitate to prepare even unique specimens ("que nous n'avons pas hésité à sacrifier dans l'intérêt de la science, tout en conservant les préparations bonnes à consulter, pensant qu'elles seraient ainsi plus utiles qu'une masse informe attachée à un épingle et qui ne peut présenter aucun caractère que l'on puisse énumérer"). In many cases, however, his descriptions are not detailed enough for the needs of present taxonomy. As the number of described species has increased greatly since Signoret's time, it has become necessary to pay attention to several minute details which were formerly of no importance to separate the species then known. In consequence of the superficial descriptions by earlier authors the concepts of several genera are rather vague. Ferris has emphasized that in order
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
    Type: Article / Letter to the editor
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  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Mededelingen (0024-0672) vol.33 (1954) nr.7 p.49
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: In seiner Behandlung der Gattung Archon Hb. im Tierreich „Lepidoptera pars I" kommt Bryk am Schluss seiner Betrachtungen zu der Feststellung, dass sich die geographischen „Formen" (subspecies?) in drei Gruppen zusammenfassen lassen. Unbestreitbar sind davon der „bellargus-Kreis" und der Rassenkreis, der die verschiedenen subspecies aus Pontus und Armenien beheimatet. Unklar ist die dritte Gruppe, zu der Bryk A. apollinus Herbst und subsp. thracica Buresch vereinigt. Die Diagnosen, die Bryk für die verschiedenen Rassen gibt, zwingen mich, da ich sein tiefes Wissen von allem und sein Feingefühl für alles, was mit Parnassxus zu tun hat, kenne, zu der Annahme, dass ihm ein zu beschränktes oder unzuverlässiges Material bei seiner Arbeit zu Verfügung gestanden hat. Ich weiss aus eigener Erfahrung, das gerade von Archon ungezählte Exemplare mit falschen Fundortetiquetten im Umlauf sind, oder solche, die den Vermerk e.l. missen. Das letztere ist insofern von Bedeutung, als mir eine grosse Anzahl e.l. Archon — teilweise aus eigener Zucht — vorliegen, die die Berechtigung der Aufstellung geographischer Rassen geradezu lügenzustrafen scheinen. Das Zudhtmaterial zeigt die ganze Variabilitätsbreite der Art und erinnert beispielsweise bei syrischer Herkunft kaum noch an das typische Aussehen von subsp. bellargus Staud. Zucht von Parnassiern ergibt fast stets Tiere, die vom Typus der betreffenden Rasse abweichen, aber sie doch nicht so vollständig verleugnen, wie es bei der grossen Serie Material, Herkunft Beyrouth, in meiner Sammlung der Fall ist. Was ist aber der typische apollinus? Bryk führt als Fundort für den Typus „Umgebung von Aleppo (Insel Kurlak)" auf, gibt aber als Verbreitungsgebiet gleichzeitig „Kleinasien, Mesopotamien" an. Der Begriff „Klein-
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
    Type: Article / Letter to the editor
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  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Mededelingen (0024-0672) vol.33 (1954) nr.8 p.55
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: Viele Sammler rümpfen die Nase über die Benennung von Formen. Deren Festhaltung ist indessen wichtig, um einen Überblick über die Variabilitätsbreite einer Species zu geben ; ein weiterer Vorteil der dadurch erhaltenen Übersicht ist, dass er es dem Systematiker leichter macht, die für eine subspecies characteristischen Merkmale innerhalb der Variabilitätsmöglichkeit der species festzulegen. Aus dieser Anschauung heraus benenne ich die folgenden Formen: Luehdorfia puziloi Ersch. cf f. pallida (m.). Grundfarbe des cf weissgelb, wie sie sonst nur ? zeigen. Patria : Sutschanski-Rudnik, Ussuri, ι cf Typus. subsp. coreana Mats. f. fasciata (m.). ι cf mit im Hinterflügel einer continuierlichen Binde vom Wurzelfelde über Mittelzelle nach dem unteren Ende der Hinterrandschwärze. Patria: Umg. Seishin, N. Korea, ι cf Typus. subsp. inexpecta Shelj. f. rubrocatenaria (m.). Die roten Prachtflecken des Hinterflügels sind ungewöhnlich stark entwickelt zu einer breiten Binde, wie sie für subsp. chinensis Leech typisch ist, während bei inexpecta die roten Flecke normal gerade angedeutet sind. Patria: Kanoyama, Japan, ι cf ι ? Typen. Sericinus telamon Donov. f. cellopura (m.). Mittelzellfleck im Vorderflügel oberseits verschwunden, unterseits schwach als f. binaria Bryk erhalten, Endzell fleck stark reduciert. Patria : Mien-shan, Prov. Shansi, ι cf Typus, ι cf Paratypus, ι S Paratypus (subsp. mandschuricus Rosen). subsp. shantungensis M. Hering f. cellopurissima (m.).
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
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  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Mededelingen (0024-0672) vol.33 (1954) nr.2 p.11
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: During a short stay at Bangkok on December 3rd, 1953, Professor H. Boschma observed that enormous quantities of minute insects were attracted by lamplight in the hotel of the Royal Dutch Airlines (K.L.M.) "Plaswijk" at the airport Laksi. From the enormous accumulations of these insects around the lamps he collected a sample which he entrusted to me for examination. This sample proved to consist almost entirely of a new species of mayfly which is described in the present paper. Caenis demoulini nov. spec. Female imago. Head and thorax uniformly yellowish brown. Eyes purple-black, prominent. Antennae grey-brown ; median ocellus prominent, colour light brown with a darker edge. Abdomen pale yellowish brown, at the dorsal surface with light browngrey markings, except on the last three tergites. Ventral surface paler, especially the last three segments. Stigmata in or near a faint black or grey spot. Cerci and filum terminale silver-white, rather densely covered with stiff, long, silvery hairs, except at the base of these caudal filaments, where the colour passes into a very light brown, whilst here the hairs abruptly become much shorter, and are placed more densely. Anterior legs grey-brown, median and posterior legs pure white with a very faint yellowish spot at the end of the femora. Wings vitreous, veins light grey, except subcosta and radius, which are dark grey-brown. Area subcostalis very light ferruginous. Measurements: body Q 3.5 mm wing Ç 2.9-3.0 mm
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
    Type: Article / Letter to the editor
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  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Verhandelingen (0024-1652) vol.22 (1954) nr.1 p.1
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: OLETHREUTINAE (Eucosmidae auct., Eucosminae auct.) Introduction The study of the South Asiatic representatives of the subfamily Olethreutinae of the Tortricidae is difficult on account of various reasons. Our basic knowledge of this group of insects originates from the knowledge of the Palaearctic fauna; unfortunately the taxonomy, and especially the nomenclature of the European Olethreutinae has for a long time been in a deplorable state of confusion and only recent pioneer work along modern lines, chiefly by Obraztsov, leads to some order. Unavoidably this confusion throws a shadow upon the study of the Olethreutinae from other regions than the Palaearctis. Since genital characters are of cardinal importance for the classification of the genera and species of the present group, it is clear that a fundamental revision is necessary, because nobody has ever bothered about these characters before, at least with regard to the South Asiatic fauna. When describing species from that region classic authors, as e.g., Snellen, usually chose a convenient generic name, familiar to the students of the Palaearctic fauna, to attribute them to ; Meyrick, as conveniently, merged many species in one of some four of his enormous genera. Many species of Olethreutinae are ornated with intricate markings that are very difficult to describe in a terse diagnose, as was the habit with those older authors; these descriptions are still more difficult to read! Other species are uniform to such an extent that their identification is impossible without the use of genital characters. Furthermore, Meyrick
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
    Type: Article / Letter to the editor
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  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Mededelingen (0024-0672) vol.32 (1954) nr.21 p.233
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: In 1950 I received from Mr. D. Hille Ris Lambers a strange Pseudococcid from Java which had been collected by Mr. F. W. Rappard, a senior forestry officer, who regularly collects aphids for Mr. Hille Ris Lambers on his tours of duty. As this insect was a coccid, it was transmitted to me for examination. Its appearance is quite abnormal; the shape of its body reminds one almost of a large mite (fig. 4). The 6-segmented antennae have a dense vestiture of fine hairs, with exception of the 2 first segments which are very short. A tuft of 5 very long setae is present on the top of each of the anal lobes. The ungual digitules are extremely large and very flat. It was only after close study that the insect was recognized as a Pseudococcid. It has 2 pairs of ostioles in the usual position, a circulus on the ventral side of the second abdominal segment, and a few trilocular pores on both sides of the body. As I suspected an abnormal mode of living, I asked Mr. Hille Ris Lambers to write to Java for further particulars, and more material. To comply with this request Mr. Rappard has collected abundant material and communicated his field notes on these insects, which he calls "ant-riders" from their peculiar habit of climbing upon the black ants by which they are closely attended, as soon as these ants are disturbed, to have themselves transported in this way. The material at hand contains 3 different instars which seem to represent first and second stage larvae, and immature adult females. Of the latter stage only 3 specimens are available. Eggs or embryos were not observed in these specimens, but in one of them the oviduct and its exterior opening (one segment behind the posterior ostioles) is faintly visible in the chitinous
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
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  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Mededelingen (0024-0672) vol.33 (1954) nr.11 p.69
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: In the course of the year 1954 I received for identification a little Nematoceron belonging to the family Lycoriidae (Sciaridae). After a careful examination of the material and the literature I arrived at the conclusion that my specimens represented a hitherto undescribed species. It belongs to the genus Neosciara Pettey, 1918 (sensu Lengersdorf, 1930 and Frey, 1942). There is some confusion about the naming and delimitation of the genera in the subfamily Lycoriinae. The four most important opinions are : I. Lengersdorf (1930) : Genus Lycoria Meigen, 1800, syn. Saara Meigen, 1803, Gruppe I (no name, veins cu and m with bristles) and Gruppe II Neosciara Pettey, 1918 (cu and m bare). II. Séguy (1940) : Genus Lycoria Meigen, 1800 (cu and m with bristles) and S ciara Meigen, 1803 (veins cu and m bare). III. Frey (1942) : Genus Sciara Meigen, 1803, syn. Lycoria Meigen, 1800 (cu and m with bristles) and genus Neosciara Pettey, 1918 (cu and m without bristles). IV. Frey (1948): Genus Sciara Meigen, 1803 (cu and m with bristles) and genus Bradysia Winnertz, 1867, containing the subgenus Neosciara Pettey, 1918. The character concerning the bristles on the veins cu and m is very important for distinguishing these genera. When summarizing the above opinions we find that the species with bristles on cu and m have been named Lycoria Meigen, 1800 = Sciara Meigen, 1803 (Lengersdorf, 1930) ; Lycoria Meigen, 1800 (Séguy, 1940) ; Sciara Meigen, 1803 = Lycoria Meigen, 1800 (Frey, 1942, 1948). The species lacking setae on the veins cu and m have been named Neosciara Pettey, 1918 (Lengersdorf, 1930, Frey, 1942) ; Sciara
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
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  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Zoologische Mededelingen (0024-0672) vol.32 (1954) nr.22 p.259
    Publication Date: 2013-03-01
    Description: Apterous Aradidae were first brought to the attention of Hemipterists by N. C. E. Miller (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. [11] 1: 498-510, 1938). In fact it can be said that this paper with its excellent illustrations was the stimulus for the striking discoveries that have been made in this group in the past decade. The genus Chelonocoris Miller was proposed for a group of seven (actually 8 as is shown below) very large species from Malaya, Borneo, and (as it now appears) India. The present paper was prompted by the discovery in various European museums of several additional species which extend the known range of the genus to Java and Sumatra. In order to place these new species a key was prepared. The first key was based on Miller's types and was written while studying at the British Museum (Natural History) in 1949. A drastic revision of the key was necessitated when the species from Java and Sumatra were added. With the addition of the Sunda Island material certain inconsistencies became evident in the recorded distribution of the previously described species. I am indebted to N. C. E. Miller and W. E. China for their generous aid in straightening out these matters and for checking the revised key. It now appears that two species were included under the name Chelonocoris peregrinus Miller. The type is from Aring which is not in North Borneo but in India. The Malayan specimens represent a new species which is described below and dedicated to N. C. E. Miller in recognition of his pioneer work on apterous Aradidae. Another error which was detected by Miller and China is the drawing of the apex of the mesonotum in Chelonocoris malayensis (fig. 5c). Actually the mesonotum forms a continuous ridge in the female as in the male.
    Keywords: 42.75
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
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