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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Madrid : Secc
    Call number: PIK N 456-17-90913
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 536 Seiten
    Series Statement: Ministerio de Transportes Turismo Y Comunicaciones : Publicación Serie A 114
    Parallel Title: 1,1=6; 2,1=13 von Publicaciones / D / Ministerio del Aire, Subsecretaria de Aviación Civil, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
    Language: Spanish
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 2
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    [Santiago] : Ed. Compass
    Pages: Mehrfarbig
    Language: Spanish
    Note: Texte in spanisch und englisch
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  • 3
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2020-03-02
    Keywords: ddc:600
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: Spanish
    Type: bookpart , doc-type:bookpart
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  • 5
  • 6
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    Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig
    In:  SUB Göttingen | 8 Z NAT 2148
    Publication Date: 2019-03-28
    Description: Sachverzeichnis. (* bedeutet Bericht oder Referat.) : I. Physik des festen Erdkörpers. : 1. Bewegung, Aufbau der Erde und Schwere. : A. Berroth: Referenzpendelmessnngen am Salshorst Oldau-Hambühren (Hann.). S. 1. ; W. Schweydar: Die topographische Korrektion bei Schweremessungen mittels einer Torsionswage. Zweite Mitteilung. S. 17. ; M. Schuler: Schwankungen in der Länge des Tages. S.71. ; B. Wanach: Eine fortschreitende Lagenänderung der Erdachse. S. 102. ; K. Jung: Über die größte mögliche Schwankung der Schwereintensitat und die Dichte eines engmaschigen Netzes von Pendelstationen. S. 137. ; H. Schmehl: Über den Einfluß der Elastizität des Pendelstativs auf die Schwingungszeiten zweier gleichzeitig auf demselben Stativ schwingender Pendel. S. 157. ; K. Jung: Diagramme zur Bestimmung der Terrainwirkung für Pendel und Drehwage und zur Bestimmung der Wirkung „zweidimensionaler“ Massenanordnungen. S. 201. ; W. Heiskanen: Schwerkraft und isostatische Kompensation in Japan. S. 213. ; W. Heiskanen: Die Erdkrustendicke nach den Schwereanomalien. S. 217. ; K. Jung: Die Bestimmung von Lage und Ausdehnung einfacher Massenformen unter Verwendung von Gradient und Krümmungsgröße. S. 257. ; H. v. Ihering: Das Klima der Tertiärzeit. S. 365. ; A. Prey: Neue Formeln zur Isostasie. S. 369. ; H. Jung: Über die Prüfung der Isostasie durch Schweremessungen. S. 381. ; T. Schlomka: Über die Abhängigkeit der Schwerkraft vom Zwischenmedium. S. 397. ; A. Born: Die Schwereverhältnisse auf dem Meere auf Grund der Pendelmessungen von Prof. Vening Meinesz 1926. S. 400. ; 2. Gezeiten, Deformationen, Seismik. : E. Tams: Bemerkungen zu der Untersuchung von Herrn Myrbach, ob Sonnenflecken und Mondphase einen auslösenden Einfluß auf Erdbeben haben. S. 23. ; G. Angenheister: Beobachtungen bei Sprengungen. S. 28. ; C. W. Lutz: Ortsgültige Laufzeitkurven. S. 34. ; H. P. T. Rohleder: Bodenknalle in Nordirland. S. 43. ; E. Essers und Th. Kappes: Bodenerschütterungen durch Kraftfahrzeuge. S. 49. ; O. Meisser und H. Martin: Zur experimentellen Seismik. S. 106. ; H. Mothes: Seismische Dickenmessungen von Gletschereis. S. 121. ; V. Inglada: Cálculo de las coordenadas del foco sismico y del instante inicial . . . S. 195*. ; T. P. Kravetz: Über den Zusammenhang der Erdbeben mit den Polhöhenschwankungen. S. 221. ; J. Picht: Beitrag zur Theorie des Geschoßknalles. S. 224. ; H. Schnell: Ein Beitrag zum Studium der Erdbebennachläufer. S. 241. ; V. Inglada: Über die Berechnung der Herdtiefe auf Grund der Lage des Inflexionspunktes der P-Laufzeitkurve. S. 317. ; St. Mehorovičić: Über die Berechnung der Herdtiefe auf Grund der Lage des Inflexionspunktes der P-Laufzeitkurve. (Bemerkung nur Arbeit des Herrn Prof. V. Inglada.) S. 326. ; B. Gutenberg: Die Bodenunruhe durch Brandung. S. 328. ; V. Conrad: Zur Frage der Periodizität der Erdbeben. S. 339. ; E. Tams: Die seismischen Verhältnisse des offenen Atlantischen Ozeans. S. 361. ; K. Uller: Die Entwicklung des Wellenbegriffes. S. 364. ; K. Uller: Welleninduktion. S. 364. ; B. Gutenberg: Der Aufbau der Erdkruste. S. 371. ; II. Magnetisches und elektrisches Feld der Erde. : A. Wigand: Luftelektrische Aufgaben der arktischen Forschung. S. 46. ; H. Haalck: Die neue magnetische Universalwage. S. 58. ; J. Egedal: Über eine Verbindung zwischen den mondentägigen und den sonnentägigen Variationen der magnetischen Deklination. S. 80. ; H. U. Sverdrup: Ergebnisse der Messungen des Potentialgefälles auf der “Maud“-Expedition. S. 93. ; A. Nippoldt: Verteilung der örtlichen magnetischen Störungen in Europa. S. 313. ; III. Physik des Meeres. : O. Meissner: Bestimmung der Hauptmondtide M2 in Swinemünde für die Jahre 1898 bis 1907. S. 75. ; A. Defant: Triftströme bei geschichtetem Wasser. S. 310. ; A. Defant: Bericht über die Ergebnisse der Meteorexpedition. S. 340. ; IV. Physik der Atmosphäre. : L. N. Bogoiavlensky und Al. Al. Lomakin: Über die durchdringenden Erdstrahlungen. S. 87. ; P. Goetz: Das Strahlungsklima von Arosa. S. 118*. ; K. Büttner: Versuche über die durchdringende Strahlung. S. 161. ; O. Hoelper: Über die Intensitätsverteilung im ultravioletten Sonnenspektrum. S.184. ; K. Büttner: Blei-Absorptionsmessungen der Höhenstrahlung im Flugzeug. S. 236. ; O. Meisser: Der Einfallswinkel des anormalen Luftschalles. S. 285. ; G. M. B. Dobson: Note on the Accuracy of Spectroscopic Measurements of the Amount of Ozone in the Atmosphere. S. 307. ; Hoelper: Entgegnung an Herrn Dobson. S. 309. ; L. W. Pollak: Verallgemeinerte Isobaren. S. 336. ; Chr. Jensen: Der gegenwärtige Stand und die Aufgaben der atmosphärischen Polarisationsforschung. S. 351. ; H. v. Ihering: Das Klima der Tertiärzeit. S. 365. ; J. Bartels : Veranschaulichung beobachteter Perioden und ihre Genauigkeit. S. 389. ; V. Angewandte Geophysik. : R. Ambronn: Einige Bemerkungen nur Möglichkeit der Aufsuchung und Lokalisierung von schlecht oder nicht leitenden Einlagerungen im Untergrund mittels elektrischer Wechselstrommethode. S. 68. ; A. Gibsone: Über die Grenze der Anwendbarkeit elektrischer Schürfmethoden mittels Wechselstrom. S. 238. ; K. Kilchling: Über die Messungen mit der gleichmäßig gedrehten Drehwage und ein neues Rechenverfahren. S. 281. ; W. Heine: Die Bestandteile des magnetischen Feldes bei geophysikalisehen Bodenuntersuchungen mit Wechselstrom und seine Beeinflussung durch leitende Einlagerungen. S. 293. ; F. Müller: Radioaktivitätsmessnngen als geophysikalische Aufschlußmethode. S. 339. ; A. Berroth, W. Schweydar, K. Jung siehe Abschnitt I. 1.: Physik des festen Erdkörpers. ; G. Angenheister, O. Meisser und H. Martin, H. Mothes siehe Abschnitt I. 2. : Physik des festen Erdkörpers. ; H. Haalck siehe Abschnitt II.: Magnetisches und elektrisches Feld der Erde. ; Mitteilungen und Verschiedenes. : W. Stekloff †. S. 48. ; Wilhelm Milch †. S. 256. ; Karl Mack zum 70. Geburtstag. S. 256. ; Mitteilungen. S. 315. ; Berichtigung. S. 120; S. 200; S. 380. ; Einladung zur Tagung der Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft. S. 255. ; Tagung und Hauptversammlung d. Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft in Frankfurt a. M. vom 26./28. September 1927. S. 316. ; Bericht über die sechste Tagung d. Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft in Frankfurt a. M. vom 26./28. September 1927. S. 377. ; Mitgliederverzeichnis der Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft nach dem Stande vom 1.März 1927. S. 121. ; Neuaufnahmen. S. 200; S. 380. ; Adressenänderungen. S. 48; S. 200; S. 256; S. 380. ; Verstorben. S. 380. ; Literaturverzeichnis. : S.I bis XX. Heft 2/3. ; S. XXI bis XXXVI. Heft 6. ; S. XXXVII bis LII. Heft 8. ; Geophysikalische Berichte. : S. 1 bis 32. Heft 1. ; S. 33 bis 48. Heft 2/3. ; S. 49 bis 64. Heft 4. ; S. 65 bis 76. Heft 5. ; S. 77 bis 104. Heft 6. ; S. 105 bis 124. Heft 7. ; S. 125 bis 140. Heft 8. ;
    Description: DGG, DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: research
    Keywords: Geophysik ; Physische Geografie ; Angewandte Geophysik ; Atmosphäre ; Erdachse ; Erdbeben ; Geoelektrik ; Geomagnetismus ; Gezeiten ; Gravimetrie ; Gravitation ; Pendel ; Seismik ; Strahlung ; Tiden ; Wellen ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: German , English , Spanish
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 7
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-31
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of external price shocks on the real exchange rate and the existence of the Dutch disease, in the case of the Argentine economy. We consider the effects of shocks on the terms of trade, the supply of the agricultural sector (booming sector) and the real exchange rate on the GDP of the manufacturing sector (or, alternatively, on total GDP) and unemployment rates. SVAR models, with long-term restrictions, and quarterly data, covering the 1993-2018 period, are estimated. The results show that the external price shocks and agricultural sector shocks affect positively and permanently to the manufacturing GDP and negatively to the unemployment rates, not finding substantial evidence about existence of the Dutch disease for this economy.
    Keywords: C32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; external price shocks ; real exchange rate ; Dutch disease ; SVAR models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Bajo una hipótesis de simplicidad, los cambios sociales y tecnológicos podrán ser identificados anticipadamente. Habrá tiempo para entenderlos, tomarlos en cuenta y evitar o corregir desvíos. La estrategia podrá ser planteada como un acto formal, mecanicista, deliberado. Pero a veces, los ambientes no son simples, se los supone como tales esperando que reaccionen de forma previsible. Bajo el contexto de complejidad, volatilidad, incertidumbre y ambigüedad, las reacciones reduccionistas, mecánicas y determinísticas, pueden presentar dificultades. Algunas situaciones emergen por primera vez, en otras no es posible calcular el comportamiento desde las condiciones iniciales. Este trabajo intenta, partiendo fuentes primarias, libros y papers con referato, realizar una revisión bibliográfica de los últimos 27 años, desde que Herbert Barber, en 1991, planteó por primera vez el acrónimo V.U.C.A (volatile, uncertain, ambiguous, complex, por sus siglas en inglés). El propósito de esta investigación ha sido, generar claridad sobre un concepto donde impera cierta confusión dentro de la literatura y presentar, desde el campo de las empresas, algunas reflexiones y propuestas aplicables al desarrollo de la estrategia y la toma de decisiones.
    Keywords: L10 ; O31 ; O33 ; ddc:330 ; Complejidad ; caos ; ambientes V.I.C.A ; estrategia en ambientes V-I.C.A. ; decisiones en ambientes VICA
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: El tema de la corrupción es un tópico frecuentemente mencionado en todos los medios públicos y privados y pareciera no haber dudas respecto de su significado. Sin embargo, esa certeza se diluye cuando se pretende profundizar en el análisis y surge la duda respecto de que debe entenderse por corrupción Un criterio bastante generalizado parece entender que se trata de un abuso que, para obtener beneficios privados, realiza una persona o entidad respecto del poder que le han encomendado. No resulta tan fácil definir la corrupción, salvo en las situaciones más evidentes, dado que los comportamientos de los implicados varían y, en general, se ocultan de la vista de la población. En el presente la población de muchos países de elevados niveles de ingresos parecen aceptar como normal la existencia de corrupción entre su clase política. Lo que no puede dejar de ignorarse es que la corrupción se convierte en una ruptura de lo que constituye el fundamento mismo de nuestra sociedad. Destruye el "bien común" para convertirlo en prenda de triunfo de una persona o grupo. Estos individuos pretenden incluso modificar el significado del término corrupción ignorando que es corrupto todo acto que tiende a destruir lo común en beneficio privado, destruyendo también los fundamentos mismos de la sociedad.
    Keywords: D73 ; H11 ; J51 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: La política económica se trata en distintos planos. En particular, me refiero a la "cocina" de la política económica, al tratamiento politizado de la cuestión, al rol que me gustaría cumpliera la academia (entendida en sentido amplio, incluyendo no solamente a los trabajos profesionales, sino también a la participación de los economistas aplicados, en los debates públicos), y al tratamiento de la economía en los medios masivos de comunicación. Primero me ocupo de cada plano por separado para luego plantear la cuestión de los problemas que genera su mezcla y sugerir qué se podría hacer al respecto.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 12
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: El propósito del ensayo es sistematizar, en la tradición de Friedman y Schwartz (1963), el análisis de dos recientes coyunturas monetarias: la crisis de las hipotecas sub-prime (EEUU 2008-2011) y la corrida contra las Lebac (Argentina 2018-2019). Ambos casos son un buen ejemplo de la capacidad de desestabilización de fuerzas monetarias básicas, tales como cambios de la velocidad de circulación y el multiplicador monetario. En el primero, destacamos la agresiva política de la Reserva Federal como prestamista de última instancia. En el segundo, concluimos que a) la mayor parte del aumento del nivel de precios del período febrero 2018-febrero 2019 se debió a un aumento de la velocidad, y b) si el multiplicador no hubiera caído como lo hizo, la inflación del período habría sido bastante más alta.
    Description: The purpose of the essay is to systematize, in the Friedman and Schwartz (1963) tradition, the analysis of two recent monetary crises: the sub-prime mortgage crisis (USA 2008-2011) and the run against the Lebac (Argentina 2018-2019). Both cases are good examples of the ability to destabilize of elementary monetary forces, such as changes in the velocity of circulation and the money multiplier. Regarding the first case, we highlight the aggressive role of the Federal Reserve as last resort lender. In the second, we conclude that a) most of the price level increase in the period February 2018-February 2019 was due to an increase in velocity, and b) if the multiplier had not fallen as it fell, inflation in the period would have been much higher.
    Keywords: E31 ; E51 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 13
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Los modelos de comportamiento humano tienen por objetivo el predecir las conductas de los individuos. En el ámbito de las organizaciones, el contar con modelos predictivos de conductas resulta de enorme importancia, tanto en la selección de nuevos recursos humanos como también en la gestión de los mismos y en la resolución de conflictos de intereses opuestos. La evolución de los diferentes modelos de comportamiento humano ha incluido progresivamente diversas variables, agregando paulatinamente mayor poder explicativo y predictivo. El modelo ST-IT propuesto propone la inclusión de variables hasta ahora no integradas en los modelos de comportamiento humano, tales como la influencia del entorno sobre el individuo y sus valores morales respecto al trabajo; el efecto de la cultura organizacional; la influencia de los sistemas de control de las organizaciones; el grado de competitividad en el mercado laboral y el grado de proteccionismo existente en la legislación laboral, entre otros. La validación del modelo se realizó mediante un extenso estudio de campo sobre 212 casos, el cual permitió distinguir la existencia de individuos con apego al trabajo y valoración del deber cumplido, en contraposición a otras personas que consideran al cumplimiento laboral como un disvalor. Fue posible observar también que existiría una importante dependencia entre el nivel educativo alcanzado y tales valores personales respecto del trabajo y el sentido del deber cumplido. Por último, el estudio de campo permitiría también corroborar los efectos que el clima laboral, eficiencia de los controles de cumplimiento y competitividad del mercado laboral generan sobre los niveles de trabajo de los individuos estudiados.
    Description: Human behavior models aim to predict individual actions. For organizations management, predictive models of behaviors have great importance, both for the selection of new human resources as well as in their management and in the resolution of conflicting interests. The evolution of different models of human conducts progressively included several variables, gradually adding more explanatory and predictive power. The ST-IT model proposes the inclusion of variables not yet integrated in human behavior models, such as the influence of the environment on the individual and their moral values with respect to work; the effect of organizational culture; the influence of the organization's control systems; the degree of competitiveness in the labor market and the degree of protectionism in the labor legislation, among others. The validation of the model was carried out through an extensive field study on 212 cases, which allowed to distinguish the existence of individuals with attachment to work and assessment of the fulfilled duty, in contrast to other people who consider labor compliance as a disvalue. It was also possible to observe that there would be an important dependence between the level of education attained and such personal values respect to work and the sense of fulfilled duty. Finally, the field study would also corroborate the effects that the labor climate, efficiency of compliance controls and labor market competitiveness generate on the work levels of the individuals studied.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Este paper reproduce la exposición que he realizado el lunes 1 de octubre pasado en la Academia Nacional de Educación. Al decidir el tema sobre el cual realizarla me surgió naturalmente la posibilidad de hacerlo sobre vouchers educativos, con el objetivo que hace años tengo en mente: sembrar la duda que la libertad educativa es una idea que merece ser considerada como una alternativa plausible para nuestro país. No es mi intención intentar demostrar que un sistema de vouchers educativos, o de school choice para ser más general, donde los vouchers son tan sólo uno de los instrumentos posibles, genera mejores resultados que un sistema en el cual se subsidia la oferta. La libertad es un valor en sí mismo, por ende, no resulta admisible tener que justificar porque proponer un sistema educativo que la privilegia, sino por el contrario debería justificarse porque no se lo considera una alternativa factible. Para ser eficiente utilizo citas y evidencia de diversos países en los cuales la libertad educativa, en mayor o menor grado existe, o bien es una posibilidad concreta.
    Keywords: I28 ; ddc:330 ; educación ; vouchers ; educational savings accounts ; tax credit scholarships
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Análisis de Derechos Contingentes (CCA) ; Análisis de Sustentabilidad de Deuda (DSA) ; Modelo de Merton ; Distancia hacia el Default ; Análisis de Componentes Principales ; Modelo unifactorial ; VAR (Vectores Autorregresivos) ; Funciones de impulso-respuesta ; Simulación de Montecarlo
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: En un sistema formado por una red de nodos emisores y receptores de información, es necesario conocer el estado de señal que tendría cada uno de esos nodos en todo momento con el fin de lograr un flujo de información adecuado. El objetivo de este trabajo es obtener un modelo matemático que describa las interacciones entre los nodos, y a partir de dicho modelo, determinar las señales temporales en cada uno de ellos. Para la elaboración del modelo se considera tiempo discreto, y para la obtención de las señales en los nodos se utiliza transformada Z. Se aplica luego el modelo para resolver un problema concreto, y posteriormente se lleva a cabo una simulación con computadora sobre ese mismo problema. Se observa que las señales que devuelve el modelo y la que surgen de la simulación coinciden perfectamente. Se podría adicionalmente ampliar el modelo para que tenga en cuenta los fenómenos de atenuación de las señales en la interacción entre nodos, y analizar cómo impacta dicha atenuación en la convergencia de las señales temporales.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Dado un conjunto con determinada cantidad de elementos, es posible calcular la cardinalidad del conjunto formado por todos los subconjuntos del conjunto dado, que cumplen con la propiedad de ser disjuntos y tal que además la unión de todos ellos sea el conjunto original. Esto es, determinar el número total de posibles particiones para el conjunto especificado. El objetivo es abordar el tema con un enfoque matricial y mediante elementos de álgebra lineal. También se analiza el caso en el cual se consideran a los elementos como indistinguibles, y por lo tanto se pretende calcular el número de clases de particiones, es decir obtener la función de partición. Se aplican las ecuaciones obtenidas a un caso puntual y se verifican con las expresiones y valores existentes con respecto a esta temática.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: El propósito del presente artículo es explorar cómo los postulados presentados por Sigmund Freud, principalmente en El malestar en la cultura así también como en otros trabajos de su autoría, pueden relacionarse con las perspectivas sobre la constitución de la sociedad y la comunidad política propuestos por diversos pensadores, haciendo en especial una comparación con las perspectivas del denominado contractualismo. Considerando que el aporte de Freud es especialmente significativo, ya que permite incorporar a la ciencia política y la sociología elementos provenientes de la psicología y del psicoanálisis en particular, se estudiarán sus impresiones y se presentarán como un complemento relevante a los aportes de intérpretes consagrados de aquellas disciplinas.
    Description: This article aims to explore how the ideas presented by Sigmund Freud, most particularly in Civilisation and its Discontents but also in other works, can be related to perspectives about the creation of society and the political community suggested by different thinkers, especially those identified to contractualism. Thinking that the contribution by Freud is substantial, as it allows political science and sociology to add elements from psychology and, most particularly, psychoanalysis, his thoughts will be studied and presented as a relevant complement to the visions of canonical thinkers of those disciplines.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Freud ; Violencia ; Estado de naturaleza ; Contractualismo ; Freud ; Violence ; State of nature ; Contractualism
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 19
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Sociocracia, organizaciones circulares, paradigma teal, holocracia, redes, rizomas, entre otras, han cobrado particular impulso en los últimos años, desde los comienzos en Bilthoven, Holanda, como formas de gobierno de tipo horizontal. Contrastan, cuestionan y en alguna medida complementan, a las estructuras jerárquicas arraigadas desde hace tiempo en la mayoría de las empresas y organizaciones. Esta investigación intenta, partiendo de fuentes primarias, libros y papers con referato, realizar una revisión bibliográfica desde las ideas de Auguste Conte, en el siglo XIX, intentando recomponer la línea de tiempo hasta el presente. Busca ordenar, encontrar influencias, establecer diferencias y similitudes entre los diferentes modelos de gestión y poner en evidencia algunas recientes experiencias. Se pretende generar claridad sobre conceptos, no siempre bien interpretados y al mismo tiempo abordar el dilema sobre si estos modelos horizontales, gestionados a partir de la colaboración y el poder distribuido, pueden responden de mejor forma a ciertos requerimientos del ambiente y lograr asimismo el mayor involucramiento de las personas, respecto de los modelos clásicos verticales y jerárquicos.
    Keywords: L10 ; O31 ; O33 ; ddc:330 ; Sociocracia ; Organización del Círculo Sociocrático ; Organizaciones Circulares ; Paradigma Teal ; Holocracia ; Redes ; Organizaciones rizomáticas
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 20
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: La Argentina vive una real crisis educativa, carece de sentido negarlo. Este paper presenta siete propuestas las cuales, a mi entender, le permitirían al Gobierno tomar enérgicamente la iniciativa frente a una crisis que, sin duda, ha heredado y es imprescindible que logre revertir. Siete propuestas que no se enfocan solamente en la educación de los niños, sino también de los jóvenes y adultos, muchos de los cuales subsisten gracias a planes sociales. Siete propuestas, algunas muy sencillas de implementar, otras más atrevidas. Creo que en este año electoral vale la pena discutirlas.
    Keywords: I28 ; ddc:330 ; educación ; mecenazgo educativo ; planes sociales ; libertad educativa ; educational savings accounts
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  • 21
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Description: The current research analyzes the main variables that explain the bilateral flow's behavior of foreign direct investment. This document is emphasized on the landlocked countries, a geographic variabel which is present in almost 25 percent of all countries. The research is built through a panel data composed by 9,312 bilateral flows corresponding to 97 countries in the period 2001-2012, with a total of 111,744 observations. The estimation is made within the framework of the gravity equation and Dunning's eclectic paradigm. The results have the expected estimates. It was found that landlocked countries lose about 60 percent of their flows of foreign direct investment. The cause of this loss can be explained by the isolation that the geographic characteristic generates. Finally, in a study on Bolivia, it was found that this country loses about 2.22 percent of the Gross domestic product every year because it is landlocked.
    Keywords: F21 ; F23 ; C23 ; ddc:330 ; Landlocked countries ; foreign direct investment ; eclectic paradigm ; gravity equation ; data panel
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 22
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Description: The right to care was recognized in the international regulatory framework. Its inclusion in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development represented a fundamental step in the framework of global agreements. Goal 5 "Achieving gender equality and empowering women and girls" includes the mandate to "recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work". Goal 5.4 establishes the responsibility of States "to provide public services, infrastructure and social protection policies, under the co-responsibility approach of care". Similarly, policies and care programs are progressing in Latin American countries. The document represents the concept of care as a social right, analyzes the demographic, family and work transformations that demand a new social organization of care, and synthesizes progress in the region to achieve two objectives: to ensure access to care for children, adolescents, older adults and persons with family responsibilities.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Care ; care policies ; Latin America ; gender equality ; social rights ; social protection ; children ; adolescents ; seniors and people with disabilities ; family responsibilities
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 23
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Description: Deforestation in Bolivia has increased considerably during the last few decades, which causes carbon dioxide emissions, biodiversity loss, changes to the hydrologic cycle, among others. This study pretends to estimate the impacts and costs of that deforestation. Since each variablehas its own complexity, the use of different methodologies is necessary. The first model used is a carbon bookkeeping model and the carbon price. The second is the BIOM model which is based on the extrapolation of species, and the use of the elasticity between consumption and absolute species richness for the quantification of costs. Finally, a spatial econometric model and a water scarcity index are used for the estimation of the costs of variation in the hydrologic cycle. The results are presented at three levels; a national level, department level and municipal level for two time periods; 1990-2000 and 2000-2010. In addition, based on the results, conclusion and recommendations are formulated about deforestation in Bolivia. This study calculates that the cost of deforestation in Bolivia exceeds 10% of GDP.
    Keywords: Q23 ; Q24 ; Q25 ; Q57 ; Q31 ; Q32 ; ddc:330 ; Deforestation ; forest ; carbon emissions ; biodiversity loss ; hydrologic cycle variation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 24
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    Madrid: Universidad Complutense de Madrid
    Publication Date: 2019-10-30
    Description: Al igual que con muchos otros conceptos, una vez que se considera el concepto de poder más de cerca, surgen preguntas fundamentales, tales como si una relación de poder es necesariamente una relación de subordinación y dominación, visión que dificulta identificar formas legítimas de ejercicio de poder. Para contribuir a su claridad, tanto conceptual como normativa, en lo que sigue propongo una nueva forma de concebir el poder. Mi argumento es que sólo podemos entender qué es el poder y cómo es ejercido una vez que entendemos su naturaleza esencialmente nouménica. Sostengo que el fenómeno real y general del poder se encuentra en el reino nouménico, es decir, en el espacio de las razones, entendido como el reino de las justificaciones. De acuerdo con ello, defiendo una noción del poder normativamente neutral, que nos permite distinguir formas de poder más específicas, tales como dominio, coerción o dominación. El análisis pretende abrir camino a una teoría crítica del poder.
    Description: The same as with many other concepts, once one considers the concept of power more closely, fundamental questions arise, such as whether a power relation is necessarily a relation of subordination and domination, a view that makes it difficult to identify legitimate forms of the exercise of power. To contribute to conceptual as well as normative clarification, I suggest a novel way to conceive of power. I argue that we only understand what power is and how it is exercised once we understand its essentially noumenal nature. I claim that the real and general phenomenon of power is to be found in the noumenal realm, that is, in the space of reasons, understood as the realm of justifications. On that basis, I defend a normatively neutral notion of power that enables us to distinguish more particular forms of power, such as rule, coercion, or domination. The analysis aims to prepare the way for a critical theory of power.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; poder ; nouménico ; razones ; justificación ; crítica ; power ; noumenal ; reasons ; justification ; critique
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2019-12-06
    Description: Citizens confront multiple challenges when attempting to access public services. This article focuses on an aspect yet unaddressed by existing literature on administrative burdens: the complexity of the written language used by government agencies in Latin America. It presents an impact evaluation of the Lenguaje Claro Program of Colombia's National Planning Department. A randomized control trial compared two versions of a letter - the original and one with plain language - used by the property department of the city of Bogota. The study shows that clarifying content via modifications in language, content order, and formatting can reduce citizen's learning costs. Plain language thus has positive effects for both individuals and public institutions. A complementary perception survey revealed that there is significant room for additional simplification, as both the original and the plain language letter were largely poorly rated by citizens.
    Keywords: C93 ; H11 ; H83 ; Z13 ; Z18 ; ddc:330 ; administrative burden ; language simplification ; plain language ; public services ; red tape
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2019-12-06
    Description: Gamification, or the introduction of game elements to non-game contexts, has the potential to improve learning by increasing student motivation. However, there is little rigorous evidence about its effectiveness. In this paper, we experimentally evaluate an innovative technology program that uses gamification to increase math learning in low-performing primary schools in Chile. The ConectaIdeas program involves two weekly sessions in a computer lab during which students use an online platform to solve math exercises. The platform tracks how many exercises students perform and features different types of individual and group competitions to promote student motivation. Results indicate large positive effects on math learning of about 0.27 standard deviations on the Chilean national standardized exam (no effects were found on language). The program also affected several non-academic outcomes in both positive and negative ways. On the one hand, it increased students' preference to use technology for math learning and promoted the idea among students that study effort can raise intelligence. On the other hand, the program increased math anxiety and reduced students' preferences to collaborate in teams. These results suggest that gamification could be an important tool to boost student learning, but that it may bring unintended consequences.
    Keywords: I21 ; I28 ; ddc:330 ; Education ; Gamification ; Technology ; Experiments
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2019-12-06
    Description: Carbon taxes are advocated as efficient fiscal and environmental policies, but they have proven difficult to implement. One reason is that carbon taxes can aggravate poverty by increasing prices of basic goods and services such as food, heating, and commuting. Meanwhile, cash transfer programs have been established as some of the most efficient poverty-reducing policies used in developing countries. Here, we quantify how governments can mitigate negative social consequences of carbon taxes by expanding the beneficiary base or the amounts disbursed with existing cash transfer programs. We focus on Latin America and the Caribbean, a region that has pioneered cash transfer programs, which aspires to contribute to climate mitigation, and faces inequality. We find that 30% of carbon revenues could suffice to compensate poor and vulnerable households on average, leaving 70% to fund other political priorities. We also quantify tradeoffs for governments choosing who and how much to compensate.
    Keywords: H22 ; H23 ; Q54 ; Q01 ; N56 ; 013 ; ddc:330 ; cash transfers ; carbon taxes ; climate change
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2019-12-06
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of MapaRegalías on efficiency in the execution of public investment projects in Colombia. MapaRegalías is an online platform that displays geo-referenced information and data on royalties coming from the extractives sector. The purpose of the platform is to reduce the cost incurred by public officials and citizens when monitoring the use of royalties. The main finding is that after the release of MapaRegalías, public investment projects financed with royalties showed an average increase in efficiency of execution of 7.996 percentage points.
    Keywords: D73 ; O31 ; H83 ; H50 ; L78 ; O54 ; ddc:330 ; digital innovation ; efficiency ; public investment ; transparency
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2019-12-06
    Keywords: C23 ; C24 ; O18 ; O54 ; R11 ; R12 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 30
    Publication Date: 2020-02-06
    Description: While more married women in cities are part of the workforce, are they doing the jobs for which they have been prepared? How are the wages of this sector of the population formed? How does the spouse/partner's income or commuting costs affect their employment decisions? What is the structure of a Latin American city with formal and informal sectors? This article proposes a theoretical model that studies the interaction between geographical disparities (home-work) and disparities in skills of married women in Latin American cities. The intrinsic characteristic of informality in these markets is included and there is an analysis of how these disparities affect the results of this labor market in particular. After conducting a welfare analysis, and finding congestion and composition externalities, three economic policies are proposed to restore the social welfare of this economy. These are: (i) subsidy to the creation of vacancies, (ii) subsidy to transportation, and (iii) the creation of day-care centers, in order to restore social efficiency.
    Keywords: J2 ; ddc:330 ; female labor market ; wages
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 31
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-06
    Description: This study calculates the Social Progress Index (SPI) for the 9 Departments of Bolivia during the period 2012-2016. The indicators have been calculated by using secondary information from official sources. We observe that the Departments of Santa Cruz and Tarija are the ones that have the highest level of social progress, while Potosí and Pando are the most lagging. We show that the departmental SPI has correlation with the GDP per capita, the monetary poverty index and the index of unsatisfied needs, but it has a low correlation with the Human Development Index (HDI) and no correlation with public investment per capita.
    Keywords: C81 ; I30 ; R11 ; ddc:330 ; microeconomic data ; welfare and poverty ; regional economics
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 32
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-06
    Description: The study analyzes - direct and indirect - export employment in Bolivia, using information from both the national accounts of 2005, 2011 and 2014 and the population and housing censuses. The most important result is that the export boom, during 2005-2014, has created jobs modestly (at rates lower than the added value of the economy); given that exports have been concentrated in low labor-intensive sectors (hydrocarbons and mining). This also explains why, at the level of trading partners, MERCOSUR members accounted for 50% of total exports in 2014; but only for 11.7% of export employment.
    Keywords: F14 ; F16 ; J21 ; ddc:330 ; exports ; export employment ; Bolivia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Description: Length: 32 min ¿Qué forma los paisajes de la Tierra, con sus montañas, ríos, suelos, los lugares en los que vivimos? ¿Se forma la superficie de la Tierra cuando las rocas son levantadas por fuerzas geológicas, y luego destruidas por la lluvia, el hielo y el viento; o las plantas con sus raíces, los animales que excavan en el suelo y el gran número de microorganismos dan forma a los paisajes? Observe a los científicos del proyecto alemán-chileno "EarthShape" estudiar estas preguntas a lo largo de fascinantes paisajes de Chile, y en sus laboratorios. Una película científica diseñada y producida por Friedhelm von Blanckenburg de GFZ Potsdam, Alemania, Kirstin Übernickel de la Universidad de Tübingen, y Wolfgang Dümcke de Filmbüro Potsdam, Alemania, dentro del consorcio de investigación "EarthShape - Earth Surface Shaping by Biota", financiado por la DFG y coordinado por Todd Ehlers (Universität Tübingen) y Friedhelm von Blanckenburg (GFZ Potsdam).
    Language: Spanish
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  • 34
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: This research is about the returns of education in Guatemala, based on the theory of human capital and the model of Mincer, which is the most used for this type of studies with the objective of comparing the returns of the years 2002 and 2018. The database used in the estimates, using ordinary least squares, was obtained from Employment and Revenue Surveys for the years 2002, 2010 and 2018. The results reveal positive and increasing returns by educational level, although lower in 2018 compared to 2002. The reduction in returns to education is recorded more at the level of university education. The evidence shows that the returns to education evolve according to the economic cycle.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Returns to education ; experience ; human capital ; income ; Mincer equation
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The idea of North American integration fades in the political spheres; the main actor has considered that Mexico's trade surplus with him translates into loss of welfare and employment for its economy; from this point of view, the continuity of the free trade agreement seems unnecessary. This work evaluates the path of growth of the productive system of the commercial block from the structural analysis and maintains that such path conditioned the dynamic effects of the product and employment variations. This paper proofs that the US has benefited more from the spillovers from Canada and Mexico than those made to its partners, however, the feedback of trade relations between the economies and with the rest of the world have been favorable for each of them.
    Keywords: C67 ; J21 ; O41 ; O51 ; ddc:330 ; Analysis Input Output Table ; Employment ; Growth ; North America
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  • 36
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The aim of this study is to design an analytical model for the reduction of the underground economy in Ecuador. With that proposal, econometric techniques were used as a model of structural MIMIC equations for the estimation of the hidden economy in the country. Moreover, a VAR model is developed to determine the simulation of the most significant variables for the reduction of the hidden economy in Ecuador. Additionally this article try to define economic policy measures that impact on those variables. In this sense, the MIMIC model shows that the variables that are statistically significant as causes of the submerged economy in Ecuador are: trade opening, unemployment, inflation, government spending, and the tax burden of a tax indirect as the VAT. Consequently, with this, the estimation of the VAR model presented that the variable that stimulates, in greater percentage, a reduction of the hidden economy is the commercial opening, with a decrease of the hidden economy in 0.8% for each point of increase in this variable. Therefore, the economic policy proposal was addressed to the incorporation of economic liberalization measures that would allow an increase in commercial openness.
    Keywords: C51 ; E26 ; ddc:330 ; Hidden Economy ; MIMIC ; VAR ; Economic Policies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of external price shocks on the real exchange rate and the existence of the Dutch disease, in the case of the Argentine economy. We consider the effects of shocks on the terms of tr ade, the supply of the agricultural sector (booming sector and main exporter) and the real exchange rate on the GDP of the manufacturing sector (or, alternatively, on total GDP) and unemployment rates. SVAR models, with long-term restrictions, and quarterly data, covering the 1993-2018 period, are estimated. The results show that the external price shocks and agricultural sector shocks affect positively and permanently to the manufacturing GDP and negatively to the unemployment rates, not finding substantial evidence about existence of the Dutch disease for this economy, during the period considered.
    Keywords: C32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; external price shocks ; real exchange rate ; Dutch disease ; SVAR models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The aim of this article is to analyze the bidirectional link between two key variables in economic development and social sustainability: human capital and social capital. After introducing both concepts, the influence of human capital (education, technical knowledge, experience of the individual-worker) in the individual social capital (network of interpersonal relationships of the focal subject) is approached from the theoretical point of view. In this sense, education extends the social network of the individual and broadens the set of resources that can be accessed. Likewise, and in the opposite direction, individual social capital favors both the education of the subject and the productivity of its human capital. The second part of the article contrasts from an empirical point of view the interrelation between human capital and individual social capital in the Spanish case. The results confirm the bidirectionality of the relationships and the need to deepen the causality of the processes.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; human capital ; social capital ; education ; social network ; sustainability
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The objective of this study is to identify the main factors that determine the success in the labor insertion of university students in Spain. Using the Survey of Labor Insertion of University Graduates (EILU), which contains data from graduates in the 2009/2010 academic year we made several indicators in order to represent labor market success. Through the regression of ordinal and binomial probit models, we seek to identify the main factors that cause such success. From the results obtained it is concluded that the success in the labor insertion is positively related to the fact of working full time during the studies period, with the persistence of the gender differences and with the absence of incidence of the programs of mobility made by students.
    Keywords: J81 ; ddc:330 ; first job ; unversitary education ; probit models
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Description: Length: 32 min ¿Qué es lo que forma los paisajes de la Tierra con sus montañas, ríos, suelos, los lugares en los que vivimos? La superficie de la Tierra se forma cuando las rocas son levantadas por fuerzas geológicas, y luego son destruidas por la lluvia, el hielo y el viento que tallan los paisajes por la erosión y la meteorización. Pero hay una capa verde de vida entre las rocas de abajo y el clima de arriba. ¿Las plantas con sus raíces, los animales que excavan en el suelo y el gran número de microorganismos dan forma a los paisajes? ¿O es que los minerales, el suelo y el agua proveen el ambiente para la vida? ¿O ambos son interdependientes? ¿Pueden resistir juntos el cambio climático masivo impuesto por el ser humano hoy en día? Observe a los científicos del proyecto aleman-chileno "EarthShape" estudiando estas preguntas a lo largo de un gradiente climático en Chile, en los Parques Nacionales Pan de Azúcar, La Campana y Nahuelbuta. Recorra por paisajes fascinantes y vea a los jóvenes científicos estudiando las interacciones entre la geología y la biología, desde el desierto seco de Atacama hasta los densos bosques, y en sus sofisticados laboratorios de sus instituciones. Vea cómo las retroalimentaciones controlan el clima de la Tierra.
    Language: Spanish
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  • 44
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Keywords: O12 ; I38 ; D10 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 45
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: The objective of the paper is to study the intra-generational mobility of income and poverty in Argentina to understand the reasons of the stagnation in the pace of poverty reduction since 2011. Furthermore, the paper tries to characterize and quantify the movements of individuals, and therefore it analyzes poverty duration, consecutive versus transient poverty, and the probability of reentering poverty. To this effect, synthetic panel methodology is applied and two periods, which are characterized by different evolutions of the headcount ratio, are compared: 2004-2007 and 2011- 2014. The main results are four-fold: 1) the stagnation was driven by a lower exit poverty rate; 2) the individuals who are moving along the income distribution are the ones who were poor at the beginning of the periods under study; 3) in comparison with the first period, between 2011-2014 a higher proportion of individuals was poor for two or three years and transient poverty prevailed over consecutive poverty; and, 4) the probability of reentering poverty was higher during 2011-2014. Moreover, the paper validates the methodology by using the panel structure of Argentina's household survey and estimates two of the most relevant parameters necessary to employ the synthetic panel approach.
    Keywords: D31 ; I32 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; mobility ; synthetic panels ; poverty dynamic ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: This working paper explores the effect of joint labor decisions on the study of wage regression models. The estimation of Mincer equations suffers from numerous sources of bias, including the sample selection problem generated by the fact that the agent decision to work is not independent of the wage. Most of the papers corrects this bias using a model of individual labor participation. However, recent trends in the labor market show greater participation of women in the labor force and seem to indicate that the joint decision of the spouses is increasingly relevant in determining the selection mechanism. A bivariate version of Heckman's method appears as an interesting alternative to solve this problem. Although the estimates are in line with the previous literature, the results indicate that the joint decision of the couple is a relevant factor in the selection bias.
    Keywords: C51 ; D13 ; E24 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; wages ; joint labor decisions ; selection bias ; Heckman's method
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: This paper explores the changes in income poverty in Argentina during the period 2003-2015 using various decomposition methodologies. The results suggest that the generalized improvement in the labor market after the crisis was the main factor behind the sharp fall in poverty in the period 2003-2007. In contrast, the reduction of poverty between 2007 and 2011 is associated with the most active role played by social policy. Finally, during the period 2011-2015, no factor could contribute significantly to the reduction of poverty.
    Keywords: C15 ; D31 ; D33 ; I32 ; J31 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Keywords: C67 ; C68 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Keywords: D31 ; D33 ; I32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: This paper studies the evolution of skill premia and its relationship with the productive structure for sixteen countries in Latin America, using microdata from household surveys and information from National Accounts for the period 1991-2015. The evidence suggests that the change in the productive structure is significantly correlated to the dynamics of wage inequality. In particular, when the share in total value added of sectors that are more intensive in high-skilled labor grows, the skill premium increases significantly.
    Keywords: D31 ; I26 ; J21 ; J31 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Keywords: D31 ; I32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: Technological innovation is a process linked to the generation of knowledge and the way in which companies learn and develop innovations. It depends on the particular context in which firms operate. As the potential of biotechnology has to support a wave of growth in other sectors, this study focuses on identifying and measuring innovation capabilities, as well as the determinants of such capabilities in the Mexican biotechnology companies. The results show that the existence of networks (financial, knowledge, collaboration, among others) that allow generating both an adequate flow of knowledge and the capacities of companies to take advantage of such knowledge, are determining factors of the innovative dynamism.
    Keywords: L69 ; O31 ; O32 ; ddc:330 ; Biotechnology ; innovation ; knowledge networks
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: We estimate the Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU) for Mexico (2002Q1-2018Q2) with Ball and Mankiw's (2002) methodology using the Generalized Method of Moments. We prove that, with this methodology, the calculation of NAIRU is more efficient than the one calculated with the HP filter. We show that: a) the Dot Com and the Great Recession crises have had real and lasting effects on the labor market; b) Mexico's monetary policy has been stabilizing, and c) the relationship between unemployment and inflation has strengthened over the last years.
    Keywords: C26 ; E12 ; E24 ; E52 ; E58 ; ddc:330 ; NAIRU ; brecha de desempleo ; política monetaria ; GMM ; cambio estructural
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of financial development on economic growth. The contribution of both capital and credit market movements on the dynamics of Mexico's gross domestic product (GDP) over the period 1996-2017 is empirically tested using an Autoregressive Distributive Lag model. The main findings show that the deepening of the financial system generates bivalent effects on the evolution of GDP. The evidence also suggests an inverse relationship with bank intermediation and a positive one with stock market capitalization.
    Keywords: C32 ; O47 ; G10 ; ddc:330 ; Financial development ; economic growth ; Autoregressive Distributive Lag model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: Electricity prices have seen a consistent upward trend since the implementation of Mexico's electricity market reform (EMR). This has been interpreted by some as a failure of the EMR. In this paper we study the determinants of such price increases. We calculate the generation cost curve of the Federal Electricity Commission prior to the entry into force of the reform. We then construct daily data on average prices during the EMR. We also finally study the relationship between prices and transmission congestion rents. Our main results indicate that the most profitable types of generation technology are the ones resulting from the EMR. Likewise, price increases have taken place despite the existence of a considerably larger number of competitors in the generation sector. Lastly, the strong correlation between prices and congestion revenues is evidence that the increase in prices under the EMR is mainly due to the growing congestion in the national electricity transmission network rather than due to an inefficient competitive market design in the generation sector.
    Keywords: D21 ; D47 ; L50 ; L51 ; Q41 ; ddc:330 ; Electricity reform ; electricity generation ; congestion rents ; nodal prices ; Mexico
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: This paper displays an analysis of the economic growth rates of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico during the period 1961-2017. Explanations related to total factor productivity and to capital ac- cumulation are here contrasted in a context of growth external constraint. The following conclusiones are reached on empirical grounds: Technological progress is an endogenous variable reacting to variations in aggregate demand necessary to fulfill the dynamic equilibrium of the trade balance; growth rates in those countries are closely linked to the growth rate of their economic capacity; the process of growth acceleration in these economies corresponded to high rates of capital accumulation.
    Keywords: F43 ; O40 ; O54 ; ddc:330 ; Latin America ; total factor productivity ; capital accumulation ; growth external constraint
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: The paper reviews the factors accounting for Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As). It then discusses the evolution of M&A trades, their relative importance and the economic sectors that have been influenced by M&As in sixteen Latin-American economies during 1990-2014. An integral model is developed with the aim of assessing both the impact of M&As on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the link between the value of M&A transactions and profits so as to determine the effects of profit share changes on private consumption, private investment and exports. The conclusion is reached that the elasticity of GDP with respect to the value of M&As is negative in countries such as Chile, Peru and Mexico. A larger value of M&As tend to redistribute income towards profits and impart a negative impact on output. The impact for other Latin American economies in our sample is either slightly positive or uncertain.
    Keywords: D33 ; E12 ; G34 ; O54 ; ddc:330 ; Mergers and acquisitions ; Latin America ; macroeconomic impacts
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: This paper looks at the hypothesis of conditional convergence of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita for a set of eighteen Latin American countries establishing a positive link with the growth rate of those economies. To that purpose, Ø-convergence, σ-convergence and Ú-convergence analyses are conducted. Furthermore, with the aim of identifying spatial heterogeneity the relationship among neighbor territorial units and product levels are studied applying the I Moran statistics. By and large, a regional convergence path with high conditional Ø-convergence, a lower dispersion of per capita incomes and a lesser mobility of countries along the ranking are shown to exist.
    Keywords: O54 ; O47 ; R12 ; ddc:330 ; Economic growth ; regional convergence ; spatial effects ; Latin America
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: This research is aimed to test the hypothesis that the real effective exchange rate between Spain's manufacturing sectors and its European Union partners has been governed by the relative vertically integrated unit labor costs and the intrasectoral differences of the profit rate during 2000-2014. Using panel cointegration techniques, the results suggest that there exists a stable long-run relationship between those three variables. Likewise, cointegration vectors indicate that the Spanish manufacturing competitiveness is positively associated with the decrease in unit costs of production, while it is negatively related to the increase in the intrasectoral profitability gap.
    Keywords: B51 ; C01 ; F10 ; F20 ; ddc:330 ; Spain ; European Union ; panel cointegration ; competitiveness ; uneven development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: We inquire whether the uncertainty of international oil prices affected Mexico's economic activity during 1983:2-2017:4. To measure such impact we use a bivariate structural vector autoregressive (VAR) model with a generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) in-mean process that captures the impact of oil price volatility on economic growth and gross fixed capital formation. Our results show that the said uncertainty has a negative influence on Mexico's economic activity. Further, they reveal the presence of asymmetric effects, as the output growth rate increases (decreases) after a negative (positive) oil price shock. These results highlight the importance of adopting public policies aimed at mitigating the effects of oil market uncertainty and help stabilize economic activity.
    Keywords: E32 ; C32 ; ddc:330 ; Oil price volatility ; economic activity ; multivariate var-garch in-mean ; asymmetric effects ; Mexico
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Faculdad de Economía
    Publication Date: 2020-05-23
    Description: The Mexican economy has shown four decades of slow growth; still it would be reasonable to expect changes in its productive structure along such a long period of time considered, as a result either of the embodied technical change or as a result of the economic policies, that have sought the integration with the US economy, among other causes. According to the so called "Kaldor-Verdoorn law", growth is explained by the behaviour of both output and the manufacturing productivity; hence, in Mexico this sector must have lost its ability to induce growth in the economy as a whole. This paper examines such hypothesis from a structural perspective, considering such law, estimating also the output multipliers á la mode de Miyazawa.
    Keywords: O41 ; O47 ; C67 ; D57 ; O54 ; ddc:330 ; Economic growth ; Input-Output model ; Kaldor-Verdoorn law ; Mexican economy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Language: Spanish
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
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    Publication Date: 2020-05-08
    Language: Spanish
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