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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Madrid : Secc
    Call number: PIK N 456-17-90913
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 536 Seiten
    Series Statement: Ministerio de Transportes Turismo Y Comunicaciones : Publicación Serie A 114
    Parallel Title: 1,1=6; 2,1=13 von Publicaciones / D / Ministerio del Aire, Subsecretaria de Aviación Civil, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
    Language: Spanish
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 2
    Call number: MOP 19538/1d-6d
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 111 S.
    ISSN: 0486-2287
    Language: Russian
    Note: In kyrill. Schr.
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Leningrad : Gidrometeorolog. Izd.
    Call number: MOP 33767
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 663 S.
    Language: Russian
    Note: In kyrill. Schr., russ.
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-05-09
    Description: Повышение урожайности сельскохозяйственных культур играет решающую роль в удовлетворении растущего спроса на продовольствие в мире. Россия облада-ет значительным потенциалом увеличения сельскохозяйственного производства, не использованным в полной мере, поскольку текущая урожайность зерновых культур значительно ниже потенциально достижимой урожайности. Регион Западной Си-бири – одна из важнейших житниц России, где урожайность пшеницы особенно отстает от своего биофизического и технологического потенциала. Цель исследова-ния заключалась в оценке детерминант пространственной вариабильности урожай-ности пшеницы, основываясь на данных реальной практики земледелия сельскохо-зяйственных производителей Алтайского края в Западной Сибири. Было проведено 67 структурированных интервью о потенциальных детерминантах урожайности пшеницы с управленческим звеном сельскохозяйственных предприятий различ-ных форм собственности, включая крестьянско-фермерские хозяйства. Интервью были дополнены 149 наблюдениями, полученными на основе данных системати-ческого мониторинга сельскохозяйственного производства в Алтайском крае. В ра-боте использованы байесовские сети (БС) для представления взаимосвязей между объясняющими переменными и урожайностью пшеницы и изучения ожидаемых реакций продуктивности культуры в различных сценарных условиях. Результаты показали, что более высокая урожайность чаще достигается более крупными про-изводителями, чем средними и малыми. Результаты подтвердили наблюдения, сви-детельствующие о том, что применение удобрений и средств защиты растений, как и внедрение нового оборудования (технологий), оказывает положительное влияние на среднюю урожайность пшеницы, которая является базовой в регионе. Сценарий возрастания производственных издержек и снижения сумм осадков ожидаемо при-ведет к снижению урожайности в среднем с 7,6 до 5,3 ц/га. В целом исследование показало, что политика, направленная на увеличение урожайности сельскохозяй-ственных культур, должна учитывать развитие образовательной среды менеджеров и специалистов сельскохозяйственных предприятий и стимулировать меры по вне-сению удобрений и соблюдение рекомендаций агрономической науки. Особенный фокус государственной аграрной политики должен быть ориентирован на развитие малых форм хозяйствования. Кроме того, аграрная политика должна быть направ-лена на перспективное решение смежных проблем, одной из которых является ни-велирование происходящего усиления засушливости климата посредством внедре-ния адаптированных к засушливым условиям технологий возделывания культур.
    Description: Higher crop yields are critical to satisfy the rising global food demand. Russia holds untapped potential for increasing agricultural production because current grain yields are often far below the potentially attainable yields. Western Siberia is an important breadbasket in Russia, where wheat yields fall particularly short of their potential. Our goal was to assess the determinants of yield variations among farmers in the province of Altai Krai in Western Siberia. We conducted 67 structured in-person interviews with corporate farm managers and individual farmers about the potential determinants of wheat yields and complemented these data with 149 additional observations obtained from the provincial agricultural extension service. We used Bayesian networks (BNs) to represent the relationships between the explanatory parameters and contemporary wheat yields and to examine qualitative future scenarios of future yields. The results revealed higher yields on larger farms than on medium and small farms. Our results corroborated that the application of fertilizers and herbicides and the implementation of new equipment had large positive impacts on the yields. The scenario of higher future production costs and lower precipitation resulted in a yield reduction from 7.6 dt/ha to 5.3. Overall, our results suggest that policies aimed at increasing wheat yields should concentrate on the education of farmers and encourage higher input applications, particularly for small-scale farms. Additionally, policies should address concurrent challenges, such as a higher drought frequency, through the application of new equipment, seed material and tillage practices
    Keywords: C12 ; Q12 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; Bayesian belief network ; food security ; land-use intensity ; scenario analysis ; wheat production ; yield gap ; Russia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 5
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2019-04-18
    Description: Диверсификация сельского хозяйства и сокращение посевных площадей под хлопок стали отличительными чертами нынешней стратегии модернизации в Узбекистане спустя два с половиной десятилетия производства хлопка под государственным контролем. В контексте реформ сельскохозяйственной политики цель данной аналитической записки состоит в оценке успехов реструктуризации фермерских хозяйств. Кроме того, в ней ставится вопрос о том, что должны сделать лица, разрабатывающие политику, для повышения конкурентоспособности сельского хозяйства, вместе с тем не упуская из виду социальные последствия реформ. После первоначального сокращения размеров бывших колхозов и достижения номинальной самообеспеченности зерном в 1990-е годы, правительством прилагаются усилия в поиске новой модели для сектора фермерских хозяйств. В январе 2019 года правительство инициировало очередной этап консолидации фермерских хозяйств. Лицам, разрабатывающим политику, рекомендуется сосредоточиться не на отпределенных типах или размерах фермерских хозяйств, а на обеспечении фермеров доступом к неискаженным рыночным сигналам и к оптимальному набору содействующих государственных услуг. Поэтапная либерализация рынков продукции и факторов производства будет способствовать достижению этой цели. Для достижения успешных преобразований в сельском хозяйстве этот процесс должен быть дополнен государственными услугами, отвечающими потребностям различных сельскохозяйственных производителей. Эти преобразования будут важны для производителей сектора домашних хозяйств, которые, вероятно, оценят более широкие возможности получения несельскохозяйственных доходов в результате реформ, выходящих за рамки сельскохозяйственного сектора.
    Description: After two and a half decades of state-mandated cotton production, the diversification of agriculture and the downsizing of the cotton area have become prominent features of Uzbekistan's current modernization strategy. Given the momentum of agricultural policy reform, this policy brief aims to evaluate the success of farm restructuring so far. Moreover, it asks what policymakers should do next to promote agricultural competitiveness without losing sight of the social consequences of reform. After initial downsizing of the former collective farms and achieving nominal self-sufficiency in grain during the 1990s, the government has struggled to find a new model for its farming sector. In January 2019, the government initiated a new wave of farm consolidation. Rather than targeting at a particular type or size of farm organization, policymakers are recommended to focus instead on ensuring that all farmers receive undistorted market signals and have access to an optimal set of supporting public services. Stepwise liberalization of output and factor markets will contribute to this goal, and it needs to be complemented by better tailored public services to Uzbekistan's heterogeneous farming sector to lead to a successful agricultural transformation. The latter is especially important for household producers who will likely appreciate better non-farm income opportunities generated by reforms that go beyond the agricultural sector.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 6
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    Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig
    In:  SUB Göttingen | 8 Z NAT 2148
    Publication Date: 2019-03-28
    Description: Sachverzeichnis. (* bedeutet Bericht oder Referat.) : I. Physik des festen Erdkörpers. : 1. Bewegung, Aufbau der Erde und Schwere. : A. Berroth: Referenzpendelmessnngen am Salshorst Oldau-Hambühren (Hann.). S. 1. ; W. Schweydar: Die topographische Korrektion bei Schweremessungen mittels einer Torsionswage. Zweite Mitteilung. S. 17. ; M. Schuler: Schwankungen in der Länge des Tages. S.71. ; B. Wanach: Eine fortschreitende Lagenänderung der Erdachse. S. 102. ; K. Jung: Über die größte mögliche Schwankung der Schwereintensitat und die Dichte eines engmaschigen Netzes von Pendelstationen. S. 137. ; H. Schmehl: Über den Einfluß der Elastizität des Pendelstativs auf die Schwingungszeiten zweier gleichzeitig auf demselben Stativ schwingender Pendel. S. 157. ; K. Jung: Diagramme zur Bestimmung der Terrainwirkung für Pendel und Drehwage und zur Bestimmung der Wirkung „zweidimensionaler“ Massenanordnungen. S. 201. ; W. Heiskanen: Schwerkraft und isostatische Kompensation in Japan. S. 213. ; W. Heiskanen: Die Erdkrustendicke nach den Schwereanomalien. S. 217. ; K. Jung: Die Bestimmung von Lage und Ausdehnung einfacher Massenformen unter Verwendung von Gradient und Krümmungsgröße. S. 257. ; H. v. Ihering: Das Klima der Tertiärzeit. S. 365. ; A. Prey: Neue Formeln zur Isostasie. S. 369. ; H. Jung: Über die Prüfung der Isostasie durch Schweremessungen. S. 381. ; T. Schlomka: Über die Abhängigkeit der Schwerkraft vom Zwischenmedium. S. 397. ; A. Born: Die Schwereverhältnisse auf dem Meere auf Grund der Pendelmessungen von Prof. Vening Meinesz 1926. S. 400. ; 2. Gezeiten, Deformationen, Seismik. : E. Tams: Bemerkungen zu der Untersuchung von Herrn Myrbach, ob Sonnenflecken und Mondphase einen auslösenden Einfluß auf Erdbeben haben. S. 23. ; G. Angenheister: Beobachtungen bei Sprengungen. S. 28. ; C. W. Lutz: Ortsgültige Laufzeitkurven. S. 34. ; H. P. T. Rohleder: Bodenknalle in Nordirland. S. 43. ; E. Essers und Th. Kappes: Bodenerschütterungen durch Kraftfahrzeuge. S. 49. ; O. Meisser und H. Martin: Zur experimentellen Seismik. S. 106. ; H. Mothes: Seismische Dickenmessungen von Gletschereis. S. 121. ; V. Inglada: Cálculo de las coordenadas del foco sismico y del instante inicial . . . S. 195*. ; T. P. Kravetz: Über den Zusammenhang der Erdbeben mit den Polhöhenschwankungen. S. 221. ; J. Picht: Beitrag zur Theorie des Geschoßknalles. S. 224. ; H. Schnell: Ein Beitrag zum Studium der Erdbebennachläufer. S. 241. ; V. Inglada: Über die Berechnung der Herdtiefe auf Grund der Lage des Inflexionspunktes der P-Laufzeitkurve. S. 317. ; St. Mehorovičić: Über die Berechnung der Herdtiefe auf Grund der Lage des Inflexionspunktes der P-Laufzeitkurve. (Bemerkung nur Arbeit des Herrn Prof. V. Inglada.) S. 326. ; B. Gutenberg: Die Bodenunruhe durch Brandung. S. 328. ; V. Conrad: Zur Frage der Periodizität der Erdbeben. S. 339. ; E. Tams: Die seismischen Verhältnisse des offenen Atlantischen Ozeans. S. 361. ; K. Uller: Die Entwicklung des Wellenbegriffes. S. 364. ; K. Uller: Welleninduktion. S. 364. ; B. Gutenberg: Der Aufbau der Erdkruste. S. 371. ; II. Magnetisches und elektrisches Feld der Erde. : A. Wigand: Luftelektrische Aufgaben der arktischen Forschung. S. 46. ; H. Haalck: Die neue magnetische Universalwage. S. 58. ; J. Egedal: Über eine Verbindung zwischen den mondentägigen und den sonnentägigen Variationen der magnetischen Deklination. S. 80. ; H. U. Sverdrup: Ergebnisse der Messungen des Potentialgefälles auf der “Maud“-Expedition. S. 93. ; A. Nippoldt: Verteilung der örtlichen magnetischen Störungen in Europa. S. 313. ; III. Physik des Meeres. : O. Meissner: Bestimmung der Hauptmondtide M2 in Swinemünde für die Jahre 1898 bis 1907. S. 75. ; A. Defant: Triftströme bei geschichtetem Wasser. S. 310. ; A. Defant: Bericht über die Ergebnisse der Meteorexpedition. S. 340. ; IV. Physik der Atmosphäre. : L. N. Bogoiavlensky und Al. Al. Lomakin: Über die durchdringenden Erdstrahlungen. S. 87. ; P. Goetz: Das Strahlungsklima von Arosa. S. 118*. ; K. Büttner: Versuche über die durchdringende Strahlung. S. 161. ; O. Hoelper: Über die Intensitätsverteilung im ultravioletten Sonnenspektrum. S.184. ; K. Büttner: Blei-Absorptionsmessungen der Höhenstrahlung im Flugzeug. S. 236. ; O. Meisser: Der Einfallswinkel des anormalen Luftschalles. S. 285. ; G. M. B. Dobson: Note on the Accuracy of Spectroscopic Measurements of the Amount of Ozone in the Atmosphere. S. 307. ; Hoelper: Entgegnung an Herrn Dobson. S. 309. ; L. W. Pollak: Verallgemeinerte Isobaren. S. 336. ; Chr. Jensen: Der gegenwärtige Stand und die Aufgaben der atmosphärischen Polarisationsforschung. S. 351. ; H. v. Ihering: Das Klima der Tertiärzeit. S. 365. ; J. Bartels : Veranschaulichung beobachteter Perioden und ihre Genauigkeit. S. 389. ; V. Angewandte Geophysik. : R. Ambronn: Einige Bemerkungen nur Möglichkeit der Aufsuchung und Lokalisierung von schlecht oder nicht leitenden Einlagerungen im Untergrund mittels elektrischer Wechselstrommethode. S. 68. ; A. Gibsone: Über die Grenze der Anwendbarkeit elektrischer Schürfmethoden mittels Wechselstrom. S. 238. ; K. Kilchling: Über die Messungen mit der gleichmäßig gedrehten Drehwage und ein neues Rechenverfahren. S. 281. ; W. Heine: Die Bestandteile des magnetischen Feldes bei geophysikalisehen Bodenuntersuchungen mit Wechselstrom und seine Beeinflussung durch leitende Einlagerungen. S. 293. ; F. Müller: Radioaktivitätsmessnngen als geophysikalische Aufschlußmethode. S. 339. ; A. Berroth, W. Schweydar, K. Jung siehe Abschnitt I. 1.: Physik des festen Erdkörpers. ; G. Angenheister, O. Meisser und H. Martin, H. Mothes siehe Abschnitt I. 2. : Physik des festen Erdkörpers. ; H. Haalck siehe Abschnitt II.: Magnetisches und elektrisches Feld der Erde. ; Mitteilungen und Verschiedenes. : W. Stekloff †. S. 48. ; Wilhelm Milch †. S. 256. ; Karl Mack zum 70. Geburtstag. S. 256. ; Mitteilungen. S. 315. ; Berichtigung. S. 120; S. 200; S. 380. ; Einladung zur Tagung der Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft. S. 255. ; Tagung und Hauptversammlung d. Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft in Frankfurt a. M. vom 26./28. September 1927. S. 316. ; Bericht über die sechste Tagung d. Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft in Frankfurt a. M. vom 26./28. September 1927. S. 377. ; Mitgliederverzeichnis der Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft nach dem Stande vom 1.März 1927. S. 121. ; Neuaufnahmen. S. 200; S. 380. ; Adressenänderungen. S. 48; S. 200; S. 256; S. 380. ; Verstorben. S. 380. ; Literaturverzeichnis. : S.I bis XX. Heft 2/3. ; S. XXI bis XXXVI. Heft 6. ; S. XXXVII bis LII. Heft 8. ; Geophysikalische Berichte. : S. 1 bis 32. Heft 1. ; S. 33 bis 48. Heft 2/3. ; S. 49 bis 64. Heft 4. ; S. 65 bis 76. Heft 5. ; S. 77 bis 104. Heft 6. ; S. 105 bis 124. Heft 7. ; S. 125 bis 140. Heft 8. ;
    Description: DGG, DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: research
    Keywords: Geophysik ; Physische Geografie ; Angewandte Geophysik ; Atmosphäre ; Erdachse ; Erdbeben ; Geoelektrik ; Geomagnetismus ; Gezeiten ; Gravimetrie ; Gravitation ; Pendel ; Seismik ; Strahlung ; Tiden ; Wellen ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: German , English , Spanish
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 7
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El presente trabajo introduce una Tabla de Correspondencia Directa entre la Clasificación Internacional Industrial Uniforme 3.0 (CIIU 3.0) y la Clasificación de Actividades Económicas para Encuestas Sociodemográficas del Mercosur (CAES 2000). Se detallan las inconsistencias del proceso formal de correspondencia preexistente a esta tabla (esto es, utilizar las Tablas de Correspondencia de ONU y Mercosur), las decisiones adoptadas durante el proceso de su elaboración y la forma en que la nueva tabla soluciona las inconsistencias.
    Keywords: C81 ; F13 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
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    Jerusalem and Montreal: The Bichler and Nitzan Archives
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Las teorías convencionales del capitalismo están sumidas en una profunda crisis: tras siglos de debates todavía son incapaces de decirnos qué es el capital. Tanto liberales como marxistas se refieren al capital como una entidad ‘económica’ que puede ser contabilizada en unidades universales de ‘utilidad’ o de ‘trabajo abstracto’. Pero estas unidades son totalmente ficticias. Nadie ha sido capaz de observarlas ni medirlas, y esto por una buena razón: no existen. Y dado que liberalismo y marxismo dependen de estas unidades inexistentes, sus teorías están suspendidas en el aire. No pueden explicar el proceso que más importa: la acumulación de capital. Este libro ofrece una alternativa radical. De acuerdo con los autores, el capital no es una entidad económica estrechamente identificable, sino una cuantificación simbólica del poder. Tiene poco que ver con la utilidad o el trabajo abstracto, y se extiende más allá de las máquinas y las líneas de producción. El capital, afirman Bichler y Nitzan, representa el poder organizado de los grupos del capital dominante para reconfigurar –o creordenar– su sociedad. Escrito en un lenguaje simple, accesible a lectores neófitos y expertos, este libro desarrolla una economía política novedosa. Conduce al lector a través de la historia, los supuestos y las limitaciones de la economía dominante y sus teorías políticas asociadas, examina la evolución del pensamiento marxista sobre la acumulación y el Estado, y articula una innovadora teoría del ‘capital como poder’, así como una nueva historia del ‘modo de poder capitalista’.
    Description: Conventional theories of capitalism are mired in a deep crisis: after centuries of debate, they are still unable to tell us what capital is. Liberals and Marxists both think of capital as an 'economic' entity that they count in universal units of ‘utils’ or 'abstract labour', respectively. But these units are totally fictitious. Nobody has ever been able to observe or measure them, and for a good reason: they don’t exist. Since liberalism and Marxism depend on these non-existing units, their theories hang in suspension. They cannot explain the process that matters most – the accumulation of capital. This book offers a radical alternative. According to the authors, capital is not a narrow economic entity, but a symbolic quantification of power. It has little to do with utility or abstract labour, and it extends far beyond machines and production lines. Capital, the authors claim, represents the organized power of dominant capital groups to reshape – or creorder – their society. Written in simple language, accessible to lay readers and experts alike, the book develops a novel political economy. It takes the reader through the history, assumptions and limitations of mainstream economics and its associated theories of politics. It examines the evolution of Marxist thinking on accumulation and the state. And it articulates an innovative theory of 'capital as power and a new history of the 'capitalist mode of power'.
    Keywords: P16 ; ddc:330 ; capital as power ; corporation ; differential accumulation ; dominant capital ; finance ; inflation ; capitalization ; value theory ; modes of power ; mergers and acquisitions ; sabotage ; stagflation ; profit ; state ; redistribution ; power
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
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    Kiel, Hamburg: ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Publication Date: 2018-12-05
    Description: El enfoque de las capacidades es un marco conceptual apropiado para identificar no la felicidad o satisfacción de las personas, sino más bien, lo que estas pueden o no ser o hacer. En consecuencia, el enfoque de las capacidades se centra en la libertad real de las personas y se aleja (sin excluir) de los medios que permiten la libertad (ingresos y recursos). Sobre la base de lo anterior, el presente documento se fija como objetivo proporcionar una aproximación al enfoque de las capacidades.
    Description: The capabilities approach is an appropriate conceptual framework to identify not the happiness or satisfaction of the people, but rather, what they may or may not be or do. Consequently, the capabilities approach focuses on the real freedom of people and moves away (without excluding) the means that allow freedom (income and resources). Based on the foregoing, this document sets as an objective to provide an approximation to the capabilities approach.
    Keywords: I31 ; I32 ; D63 ; ddc:330 ; Capabilities approach ; Amartya Sen ; functionings
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This research studies the impact that marketing innovation entails for exporting behavior, supported by the panel data structure given by the Panel of Technological Innovation. To do so, Propensity Score Matching method has been combined with the method of difference in differences, which is usual for impact evaluation analysis. The results from econometric estimations show the existence of a significative, negative impact of marketing innovation on exporting performance for Spanish agro-industry sector.
    Keywords: O30 ; H43 ; Q13 ; ddc:330 ; marketing ; exporting behavior ; impact evaluation ; agro-industry
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: Poverty in Andalusia (sout hern region of Spain wit h a population of 8.411.205 inhabitants) affects 12,8% of its population. In this cont ext, the objective of this paper is to propose ways of reducing this situation of poverty extracted from various questionnaires to experts in the subject, following the Delphi Method. To achieve this objective, first of all, a de scription of the poverty data in Andalusia compared to Spain is provided; t he level of use of information and communication technologies in Andal usian households is deepened; the theoretical foundations of the Delphi method are devel oped to finally apply the Delphi method to the proposal of ways for the reduction of poverty in Andalusia and for the labor incorporation of Andal usian university students. The experts conclude that it would be necessary to create APPs for the information and training of potential worker s and entrepreneurs, both from the private and from the public spheres. They also highlight the need to make use of social networks with an orientation towards the employ ment relationship, encouraging the connection of companies and workers.
    Keywords: I3 ; O14 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 12
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    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: The national statistical institutes face permanently the need to reform and update the statistical criteria and instruments for labor market analysis, as well as to adapt international recommendations for measurement. These processes pose important challenges regarding the comparability of information, necessary to analyze the labor market dynamics. This study presents a consistent methodological approach for the splicing of labor market aggregates based on microeconomic information from household surveys. We analyze the case of the national unemployment rate for Ecuador; assess the potential alternatives for simulation and define a consistent selection criterion for the prognosis and splicing of the series.
    Keywords: C25 ; J21 ; J24 ; J64 ; ddc:330 ; Unemployment ; splicing of labor indicators ; labor market ; labor surveys
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 13
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The article dwells upon the dynamic and stochastic mathematical models of organizational development and changes, as well as to the algorithms for their optimization. The adjustment of the intensity of the changes can be achieved through the efficient integration between the departments in accordance with their skills. The models proposed in this article can be widely applied in studying the processes of organizational development.
    Keywords: C65 ; ddc:330 ; organizational development ; organizational changes ; mathematical model ; intensity of changes ; optimization
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This study aims to explore the key factors that may affect the entrepreneurial capacity of students of Higher Education Centers (CES). Once the factors were established, these were grouped into internal and external to the ESCs, then the AHP method was applied to determine the relative weights of each of the criteria to groups of experts belonging to different disciplines and Latin American countries. Through the consensus of the experts, the results indicate that internal factors that most influence the entrepreneurship of their students are "Entrepreneurial Spirit", "Work Experience" and "Performance of specific courses" and as external factors affect to a greater extent "The Networks", "Friends" and "Scope of development". The results of the study can be used as an important reference for educational establishments, to define strategies based on these factors, which help to improve ecosystems within their centers, effectively enhancing the entrepreneurial capacity of their students.
    Keywords: I23 ; M13 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; entrepreneurship ; Higher Education centers ; entrepreneurial capacity ; entrepreneurial ecosystem
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 15
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The process of dismantling a nuclear power plant involves a series of economic activities, linked to economic sectors other than energy, which represent an opportunity for economic development, not only for the local communities where the power plant is located, but also for the rest of the society. Currently, the Spanish nuclear power plants have an average operating life of 33 years and in a decade will end its design life, so it is of interest to know the economic impact that will have its dismantling. For this, in this paper a multisectorial model is developed with which the impact of the dismantling process is analyzed, which includes both the closure of the plants, as well as the substitution of other energy sources and the management of radioactive waste.
    Keywords: C67 ; Q43 ; Q53 ; ddc:330 ; nuclear dismantling ; economic impact ; input-output model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The informal economy is a phenomenon that affects most of the countries of the world, mainly tax collection potential, the generation of formal employment, productivity and business efficiency. In order to elaborate an inclusive method of the most significant current contributions, an econometric modeling was developed from the monetary method, applying cointegration, Granger causality and the equilibrium correction mechanism; which allowed to remove the possibility of spurious regressions and to make an application to the Ecuadorian economy.
    Keywords: E26 ; E27 ; E63 ; H32 ; J46 ; ddc:330 ; informal economy ; econometrics ; monetary method ; labor market ; modeling
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: Since Information and Communication Technologies adoption has grown, research on link of ICT and Economic Growth link has been rapidly developed, both in academic world and by governments and cooperation and development agencies. Research has found that there is a significant impact of the use of ICT on growth; however, it generally ignores the determinants of use. This is clearly visible in the case of studies carried out for the Mexican economy. This paper analyzes the determinants of differentiated use of ICT at subsector level in Mexico. using factor analysis, cluster analysis and econometrics, we find evidence related to the capacity (educational level and organizational maturity) that determines the use of ICT and, therefore, the strength of the impact of ICT on labor productivity in Mexico.
    Keywords: J24 ; O47 ; D24 ; ddc:330 ; subsector ; ICT ; labor productivity ; factor analysis ; cluster analysis ; cross section
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 18
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The aim of this paper is to identify the different shocks that could affect the current account in the argentine case, such as the terms of trade (the Harberger-Laursen-Metzler effect- HLM), supply shocks (productivity), demand shocks (real exchange rate and public consumption /current GDP) and the shocks on the production side of the economy. SVAR models with long-term restrictions and quar terly data covering the period 1994-2018 are used. The results of the impulse-response functions suggest the existence of the HLM effect for this country. Shocks in the terms of trade would initially affect to the current account positively, as the improvements in t he productivity and in the public saving (lower consumption).
    Keywords: C3 ; E62 ; F32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; current account ; terms of trade ; Harb erger-Laursen-Metzler (HLM) effect ; productivity ; public consumption ; SVAR models
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 19
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: Discusses evaluations to assess its relevance and usefulness to the Fomento Ganadero program in Yucatán from 2001 to 2013. Used a longitudinal non-experimental design in the form of trend where recollection (literature review and key informant interviews) and analysis of information (principles on meta-evaluation of Diaz and Pacheco) was sustained in a mixed approach, qualitative and quantitative. Found that the assessments made to Fomento Ganadero in Yucatan in the period of interest, were generally of low quality and very shallow in terms of internal consistency of its coherence, rules of operation, quality, effectiveness and efficiency, impact, focus and sati sfaction of their beneficiaries, i.e. that its coherence not expressed itself in operating rules that define with precision indices of efficiency and effectiveness that sought to achieve the program, in a focus around the priority activities and target population that would benefit in the State and, in the precision of the parameters of impact and sa tisfaction which sought to achieve.
    Keywords: H53 ; I38 ; M19 ; O21 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; Public administration ; Agricultural policy ; Evaluation policy ; Livestock development ; Metaevaluation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 21
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: The goal of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the innovation promotion programs carried by the National Research and Innovation Agency (ANII). A combination of non-experimental methods was used to quantify the effects of public support to innovation in three dimensions of the firms' behavior: innova - tion investment, innovation results and economic performance. The results show evidence of crowding-in of public support to innovation. Also, beneficiaries of the programs show larger probability of successfully introducing new products and processes. We do not find impact in the economic performance indicators of the firms.
    Keywords: D22 ; O38 ; C21 ; H43 ; H54 ; ddc:330 ; Impact evaluation ; innovation ; ANII ; Uruguay
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This research shows the application and performance of three models for the classification of credit applicants: discriminant analysis, logistic regression and neural networks; techniques used by financial institutions for the calculation of credit scoring. The results show a better performance of the neural network model compared to logistic regression and discriminant analysis, achieving a success rate of 86.9\% in the classification. For the three models, fourteen variables were used to inform about applicant's socioeconomic characteristics and those of the credit operation. In the area of credit risk management, this result is relevant since it can be complemented by the calculation of default probability, the exposure at default and the recovery rate of the entity to establish the value of expected losses at both the individual level and the whole credit portfolio of the entity.
    Keywords: C14 ; C45 ; C51 ; D14 ; ddc:330 ; credit scoring ; credit risk ; default probability ; discriminant analysis ; logistic regression ; neural networks
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 23
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This study analyzes the impact of the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on the diversification strategy and performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). From a sample of 95 companies in the autonomous community of the Basque Country, it is evidenced that diversified companies show a higher level of use of ICT and this resource positively affects financial and non-financial company performance. The analysis also show that ICT is a mediating variable between the type of diversification and performance of business in which the company has entered. For the correlational descriptive and statistical analysis of the variables, IBM SPSS software was used (version 21). Further analysis which may expand upon this study could be to apply the model to different industries with the idea of comparing the results found and to define specific strategies.
    Keywords: L25 ; C12 ; ddc:330 ; diversification ; ICT ; performance ; mediation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The urban agglomeration or metropolitan area of Seville is formed by the municipality of the same name, being the fourth most populated city in Spain; and with 45 municipalities, also forming the fourth most important economic and industrial area of the country. In recent years, due to the deep economic crisis the region has been facing, the activity has decreased considerably, which has influenced markedly on the offer price of commercial premises and warehouses. This work analyses the current supply of real estate modalities for a sample of 1916 records; and studies, using regression models, the causes that significantly influence on their assessment, proposing models of price estimation.
    Keywords: R33 ; ddc:330 ; commercial premise ; industrial warehouse ; offer price
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The exchange markets and the exchange rates of Asia and Latin America are studied econometrically. Endogenous structural change and cointegration analyzes and impulse-response functions are used. The findings indicate that: 1) the long-term timing of the exchange markets is low; 2) there is no evidence of synchronization in Asian markets; 3) a stochastic shock in a Latin American country has effects of greater magnitude and duration than a similar shock in an Asian country; and 4) there is no evidence that the Global Financial Crisis has induced structural changes in the dynamics of exchange rates. The daily spot exchange rates of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, South Korea, India, Malaysia, Mexico and Thailand are used for the period from August 5, 2002 to January 22, 2016.
    Keywords: C32 ; C22 ; G15 ; F30 ; ddc:330 ; exchange rates ; Asia ; Latin America ; cointegration ; endogenous structural change ; impulse-response
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 26
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Description: This paper documents the level and trends of monetary inequality in developing countries based on Povcalnet data up to the year 2015. On average, during the first half of the current decade, inequality declined in developing economies, although at a rate substantially lower than that experienced during the 2000s. The current average level of the Gini coefficient is above the value of the early 1980s, which shows the difficulties in moving towards societies with significantly lower levels of economic inequality.
    Keywords: D31 ; I32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Description: There is a strong gap in school enrollment rates between young girls with and without children in Uruguay. This paper aims to explain if this gap responds to a cause-effect relationship, identifying the impact of becoming a teen mother on the educational outcomes of young girls. Our identification strategy takes advantage of a reform in Uruguay allowing voluntary termination of pregnancy since December 2012. This reform made Uruguay the only Latin-American country - except from Cuba, Guyana and Mexico City - where abortion on demand is legal. However, the supply of legal abortion services faced several drawbacks in some geographical areas where a high share of gynecologists refused to induce abortions, since the law protects the right to exercise 'conscientious objection' with respect to abortion. Thus, the supply of abortion services varied substantially across departments. Differences in the timing and degree of implementation provide a source of identification for estimating the causal effect of teenage fertility on education using an Instrumental Variables approach. Local abortion rates - carried out under the new legal framework - are used to instrument teenage fertility rates. This is the first study to have official information on the number of legally terminated pregnancies in Uruguay since abortion reform in 2012. Results suggest that access to legal abortion reduced teenage fertility. We provide an exogenous instrument for teenage fertility - legal abortion rates - and this is one of the main contributions of the paper. Second-stage results indicate the causal effect of teenage fertility on educational attainment is null for the group of compliers. This suggests that poor educational performance of teenage mothers cannot be attributed to early motherhood per se, but to pre-existing disadvantages.
    Keywords: I21 ; J13 ; ddc:330 ; Teenage fertility ; Abortion ; Education ; Instrumental Variables ; Latin America ; Uruguay
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 29
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-14
    Description: With the transition to a market economy, there have been fundamental changes in the agriculture of Uzbekistan. At the onset of agricultural reforms, state farms were transformed into public, then into cooperative farms, i.e. shirkats. Finally, after the latter were disagregated, special attention was paid to the development of individual and dehkan farms via introduction of private property. At the same time, inter-farm economic relations formed over a decade had a negative impact on the development of agriculture. Economic relations with processing industries and enterprises became obstacles to the development of agriculture. Processing industries, as well as farms- monopolies did not timely pay for the delivered raw materials, prolonged the timing of product acceptance, set high prices for delivered services, and procured raw inputs at low prices. As a result, this led to the loss of production, increased costs, decreased quality of raw materials, and of course, to deterioration of farm incomes. To respond to this, a number of decrees were adopted. These documents repeatedly noted the need for cooperation between newly-established individual farms, and also discussed its role and importance in the societal development. To realize the above tasks set for the agrarian and industrial sectors of Uzbekistan, it was necessary to unite small farms into larger agricultural cooperatives in production, processing, storage, transportation and marketing activities. The creation of specialized cooperatives will solve a number of socio-economic problems, i.e. first of all, ensure integration of producers and consumers, reduce transaction costs, and reduce marketing channels which lower farm gate prices. The activities that combine efforts of a group of agricultural producers will increase the efficiency of resource use.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; land reform ; shirkat farms ; cooperatives ; individual farms ; dekhkans ; agricultural cooperative
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 30
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    Ciudad de México : Fundación Friedrich Ebert en México
    Publication Date: 2019-01-18
    Keywords: ddc:320
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: Spanish
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2018-05-07
    Description: Dada la importancia que revisten los suelos en los procesos que ocurren en la zona crítica (zona de interacción entre agua, suelo, aire, organismos), en este trabajo presentamos la distribución temporal y espacial de una secuencia de paleosuelos arcillosos con carbonatos secundarios (capas de caliches y carbonatos diseminados) en el sector nororiental de la Cuenca de México, particularmente en el valle de Teotihuacán. El propósito de este trabajo consiste en reconstruir la distribución temporal y espacial de la cubierta de suelos del pasado para entender su relación con la estructura actual de suelos y sedimentos en este sector semiárido de la cuenca de México. Con esta información, determinar la participación de estos materiales en la Zona Crítica (ZC). Para ello, se ha llevado a cabo un transecto de dirección norte-sur, que inicia en las elevaciones del Cerro Gordo, cruza el valle de Teotihuacán y termina en la Sierra Patlachique, describiendo perfiles de suelo en diferentes posiciones geomorfológicas. El marco cronológico se ha establecido con base en fechamientos de radiocarbono realizados en las capas de caliches. De acuerdo a la cronología, al tipo y grado de pedogénesis, y a los procesos de sedimentación, se han reconocido cuatro unidades. La primera unidad, denominada Paleosuelos del Pleistoceno, fase I (50000 – 20000 años AP), está compuesta de paleosuelos arcillosos, los cuales son Luvisoles crómicos y estágnicos, dependiendo de su posición en el paisaje. Estos paleosuelos muestran tanto carbonatos secundarios diseminados y en fracturas, como capas de caliches. En la segunda unidad, Paleosuelos del Pleistoceno, fase II (20000 –10000 años AP), dominan los sedimentos sobre los suelos; únicamente en el fondo del Valle, se han encontrado Gleysoles cortados por canales aluviales. La unidad, Paleosuelos del Holoceno, fase I (10000 a 1000 años AP) se caracteriza por presentar suelos poligenéticos (Vertisoles), fuertemente modificados por los procesos antrópicos, durante las diversas fases de ocupación pre-hispánica. La última unidad, Suelos del Holoceno, fase II, abarca el último milenio, en donde se destacan procesos de erosión e inestabilidad del paisaje. La tendencia principal en la distribución espacial de los paleosuelos es la siguiente: las unidades antiguas (Luvisoles, capas de caliches y Vertisoles) están sepultadas profundamente en el fondo del valle. Sin embargo, en los taludes y elevaciones montañosas, pueden aparecer cerca o directamente sobre la superficie, siendo incorporados en el manto de suelos actual. Las interrelaciones entre los diferentes paleosuelos a lo largo del transecto estudiado, junto con las observaciones micromorfológicas, apoyan la hipótesis de una relación evolutiva entre los Luvisoles pleistocénicos y los Vertisoles del Holoceno. Consideramos que estas diferentes unidades repercuten en los procesos hidrológicos en el valle y que las capas de caliche formadas en los ambientes pleistocénicos pueden afectar la geoquímica del agua subterránea así como sus firmas isotópicas.
    Description: As soils are important elements for the processes involved in the critical zone (the zone of interaction between water, soil, air, and organisms), in this work we present the temporal and spatial distribution of a clayey-paleosol sequence with secondary carbonates (layers of caliche and disseminated carbonates) in the northeast sector of the Mexico Basin, particularly in the Teotihuacan Valley. The goal of this paper is the temporal and spatial reconstruction of the past soil cover to understand its relationship with the present day soils and sediments in this semiarid sector of the Mexico Basin. With this information the involvement of these materials in the critical zone could be determined. To comply with these objectives, a north-south transect was carried out, starting in the Cerro Gordo, crossing the Teotihuacan valley and ending in the Sierra Patlachique, describing soil profiles located in different geomorphological positions. The chronological framework has been established with radiocarbon dates of the caliche layers. According to this chronology, the type and degree of pedogenesis, as well as the sedimentation processes, four units have been recognized. The first unit is named the Pleistocene Paleosols, phase I (50000 – 20000 years BP), and is composed of clayey paleosols, chromic and stagnic Luvisols, depending on their position in the landscape. These paleosols contain pedogenic carbonates, disseminated and in fractures, and caliche layers. In the second unit, the Pleistocene Paleosols, phase II (20000 –10000 years BP), sediments predominate over soils; only in the valley floor some Gleysols are found to be cut by alluvial channels. The unit, Paleosols of the Holocene Paleosols unit, phase I (10000 to 1000 years BP), is characterized by polygenetic soils (Vertisols) strongly modified by anthropic processes during distinct phases of pre-hispanic occupation. The last unit, the Holocene Soils, phase II, covers the last millennium when erosional processes and unstable landscape dominate. The paleosols (Luvisols, caliche layers, and Vertisols) are deeply buried at the bottom of the valley. However, on the slopes and hilltop positions, they can appear close to or directly on the surface, being incorporated in the present day soil mantle. Spatial interrelations of different paleosols along the studied transect together with micromorphological observations support the hypothesis of an evolutionary link between the Pleistocene Luvisols and the Holocene Vertisols. We propose that these different units are involved in the hydrological processes in the valley and that the caliche layers, formed in the Pleistocene environments, can affect the geochemistry of the groundwater as well as its isotopic signatures.
    Keywords: paleosuelos; Teotihuacán; caliches; Luvisoles; Vertisoles; cuenca de México; paleosols; Teotihuacan; caliches; Luvisols; Vertisols; Basin of Mexico
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  • 32
    Call number: AWI G3-18-91864(ger) ; AWI G3-18-91864(eng) ; AWI G3-18-91864(rus)
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 3 Bände in einem Schuber (204 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 978-3-88808-716-5 (ger) , 978-3-88808-714-1 (eng) , 978-3-88808-715-8 (rus)
    Language: German , English , Russian
    Note: Inhalt: Einführung und Hintergrund der terrestrischen Expeditionen in Sibirien / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Volker Rachold, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - 1. Auf dem Weg zu den Lena-Expeditionen 1993-1997. - Seesedimente auf Taimyr und Sewernaja Semlja als Klima-Archiv / Pier Paul Overduin, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Martin Melles. - Erste Studien zu Energie-, Wasser- und Spurengasflüssen in Tundraböden: Labas-See und Lewinson-Lessing-See, Taimyr-Halbinsel / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Julia Boike, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Untersuchungen von Permafrost-Sequenzen in der Taimyr-Tiefebene (1994-1996) / Christine Siegert, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin. - Kohlenstoff in den arktischen Wüstenböden von Sewernaja Semlja / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, Dimitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Hydrologie, Geochemie und Sedimenttransport in den Flüssen Sibiriens - Das SYSTEM LAPTEV SEA Projekt 1994-1997 / Volker Rachold. - 2. Der Beginn der Lena-Expeditionen 1998-2002. - lnitiierung des Forschungsprojekts Lenadelta: Wissenschaftliche Strategie, Kooperation und Logistik / Volker Rachold, Martin Antonow, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Die ersten Jahre der boden- und klimabezogenen Permafrostforschung auf Samoilow und Umgebung (Untersuchungen 1998-2001) / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Julia Boike, Günter Stoof, Lars Kutzbach, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, lrina A. Yakshina, Anno N. Kurchatova, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Bykowski-Halbinsel: Die erste Landexpedition mit Fokus auf das Paläoklima / Lutz Schirrmeister, Guido Grosse, Viktor V. Kunitsky, Christine Siegert, Hanno Meyer. - Schiffsexpeditionen von 1998 bis 2002 zur Untersuchung von Erosion und Geomorphologie der Küste mit Dunai, Neptun, Sofron Danilov und Pavel Bashmakov / Volker Rachold, Waldemar Schneider, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Hans-Wolfgong Hubberten, Felix E. Are, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Untersuchung von Seen auf Arga: Geschichte und Entstehung des Lenadeltas / Georg Schwamborn, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Volker Rachold, Vladimir E. Tumskoy, Lutz Schirrmeister, Guido Grosse. - Mikrobieller Kohlenstoffumsatz in der Auftauschicht und im Permafrost / Susanne Liebner, Christian Knoblauch, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Svetlana Yu. Evgrafova, Dirk Wagner. - Feldarbeit für die Rekonstruktion der Paläoumwelt / Lutz Schirrmeister, Tatyana V. Kuznetsova, Andrei A. Andreev, Frank Kienast, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - 3. Prozessstudien zur Permafrostdynamik 2002-2005. - Submarine Permafrostbohrungen während der COAST 2005 Expedition / Volker Rachold, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Waldemar Schneider. - Die frühe Forschungsstation Insel Samoilow und ihre Erweiterung 2005 / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Julia Boike, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Günter Stoof, Alexander Yu. Gukav. - Installation des Samoilow Observatoriums - wissenschaftliches Monitoring von Klimadaten, Permafrostböden und Treibhausgasen (Untersuchungen 2002-2006) / Lars Kutzbach, Christian Wille, Torsten Sachs, David Holl, Günter Stoof Julia Boike, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Mikrobieller Stickstoffumsatz in der Auftauschicht und den tieferen Permafrostsedimenten des Lenadeltas / Claudia Fiencke, Tina Sanders, Fabian Beermann, Elena E. Lebedeva, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Geokryologische und paläoökologische Studien an den Küsten der Laptewsee / Lutz Schirrmeister, Christine Siegert, Guido Grosse, Hanno Meyer, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Viktor V. Kunitsky. - Langzeitbeobachtungen der pelagischen Fauna in Seen und Tümpeln des Lenadeltas / Ekaterina N. Abramova, lrina I. Vishnyakova, Grigory A. Soloviev, Anna A. Abramova. - 4. Umsetzung neuer Forschungsthemen 2007-2012. - Die Dynamik der arktischen Küsten / Frank Günther, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, P. Paul Overduin, Hugues Lantuit, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten. - Feldarbeit und Erstellung numerischer Modelle von submarinem Permafrost und Gashydraten / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Pier Paul Overduin, Sebastian Wetterich, Mikhail N. Grigoriev. - Permafrostdegradation, Thermokarst und Thermoerosion - Feldforschung auf der Insel Kurungnach / Anne Morgenstern, lrina V Fedorova, Antonina A. Chetverova, Frank Günther, Mathias Ulrich, Fabian Beermann, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Sofia A. Antonova, Samuel Stettner, Julia Boike. - Mit Kettensäge zum Klimamodell - Eiskeile als Winterklima-Archive / Hanno Meyer, Thomas Opel, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin. - Veränderungen nordsibirischer Seen und Baumgrenzen in der Vergangenheit und Gegenwart als Reaktion auf Erwärmung / Ulrike Herzschuh, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Laura S. Epp, Larisa A. Frolova, Ruslan M. Gorodnichev, Birgit Heim, Florion Jeltsch, Juliane Klemm, Stefan Kruse, Larisa B. Nazarova, Bastian Niemeyer, Anatolii N. Nikolaev, Kathleen R. Stoof-Leichsenring, Ralph Tiedemann, Mareike Wieczoreck, Evgenij S. Zakharov, Heike H. Zimmermann. - Kohlenstoff in Permafrost - Quantifizierung der Menge an organischem Material in Sibirien / Jens Strauss, Lutz Schirrmeister, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Alexander L. Kholodov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Viktor V. Kunitsky, Matthias Fuchs, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Guido Grosse. - Expeditionen mit Gummibooten und kleinen Flussbooten - Hydrologie und Geomorphologie des Lenadeltas / Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, lrina V Fedorova, Julia Boike. - Mobilisierung und Ablagerung von Kohlenstoff im Lena-Flusssystem / Gesine Mollenhauer, Maria Winterfeld, Boris P. Koch, lrina V. Fedorova. - Holozäne Seen rund um das Lenadelta / Bernhard Diekmann, Boris Biskaborn, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Dmitry A. Subetto, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Ulrike Herzschuh, Georg Schwamborn, Volker Rachold. - Logistisch komplexe Einsätze - Beobachtungen von Energie und Treibhausgasflüssen aus der Luft mittels Helipod / Torsten Sachs, Eric Larmanau, Katrin Kohnert, Andrei Serafimavich. - Lena Expeditionen: Einbindung neuer deutscher Forschungsgruppen / Birgit Heim, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Pier Paul Overduin, lrina V. Fedorova. - Ein Jahrzehnt der Küstenforschung im Lenadelta / lngeborg Bussmann, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, lrina V Fedorova, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Alexander Yu. Gukov, Gerhard Kattner, Alexandra Kraberg, Denis V. Moiseev, Pier Paul Overduin, Lasse Sander, Karen H. Wiltshire. - 5. Neue Horizonte für Lena-Expeditionen - Die neue Forschungsstation Insel Samoilow. - Ministerpräsident W. W. Putin besucht die Insel Samoilow (P-Day) / Hanno Meyer, Thomas Opel, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin, Svetlana Yu. Evgrafava, Waldemar Schneider, Alexander S. Makarov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev. - Die neue Forschungsstation Insel Samoilow: Bau, Eröffnungsfeier, Anlage und Betrieb / Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Igor N. Yeltsov, Anne Morgenstern. - Samoilow in internationalen Programmen und Netzwerken - FLUXNET, GTN-P, INTERACT / Anne Morgenstern, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Julia Boike, Lars Kutzbach. - Kurzer Überblick über die russisch-deutschen Permafrost-Projekte CARBOPERM und KoPf / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Ulrike Herzschuh, Guido Grosse. - Einsatz von Fernerkundung im Gebiet der Laptewsee / Guido Grosse, Birgit Heim, Sofia Antonova, Julia Boike, Astrid Bracher, Alexey N. Fague, Frank Günther, Thomas Krumpen, Moritz Langer, Anne Morgenstern, Sina Muster, lngmar Nitze, Torsten Sachs. - Multidisziplinäre Studien auf Samoilow und Kurungnach: Geophysik, Fernerkundung, Geologie sowie botanische und Bodenstudien / Igor N. Yeltsov, Alexey N. Faguet, Leonid V. Tsibizov, Vladimir A. Kashirtsev, Vladimir V. Olenchenko, Andrey A. Kartozia, Nikolay N. Lashchinskiy. - Terrestrische Permafrost-Bohrkampagnen: Tiefe Einblicke in die Vergangenheit / Jens Strauss, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Paul Overduin, Georgii Maximov, Guido Grosse, Alexey N. Fague, Leonid Tsibizov, Lutz Schirrmeister. - Langzeitmessungen der Energie-, Wasser-, und Treibhausgasflüsse zwischen Land und Atmosphäre von 2002 bis heute und darüber hinaus / David Holl, Ju , Contents: Introduction and Background to Terrestrial Expeditions in Siberia / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Volker Rachold, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - 1. On the Way to the Lena Expeditions 1993-1997. - Lake Sediments on Taymyr and Severnaya Zemlya as a Climate Archive / Pier Paul Overduin, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Martin Melles. - First Energy, Water, and Flux Studies of Tundra Soils - Labaz and Levinson-Lessing Lake, Taymyr Peninsula / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Julia Boike, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Exploring Permafrost Sequences in the Taymyr Lowland (1994-1996) / Christine Siegert, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin. - Carbon in Arctic Desert Soils of Severnaya Zemlya / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, Dimitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Hydrology, Geochemistry, and Sediment Transport of the Siberian Rivers - The SYSTEM LAPTEV SEA Project 1994-1997 / Volker Rachold. - 2. The Beginning of the Lena Expeditions 1998-2002. - Initiation of the Research Project Lena Delta: Science Strategy, Cooperation, and Logistics / Volker Rachold, Martin Antonow, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - The First Years of Soil and Climate-Related Permafrost Research on Samoylov Island and Surroundings (Investigations 1998- 2001) / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Julia Boike, Günter Stoof, Lars Kutzbach, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, lrina A. Yakshina, Anno N. Kurchatova, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Bykovsky Peninsula: The First Land Expedition with a Focus on Paleoclimate / Lutz Schirrmeister, Guido Grosse, Viktor V. Kunitsky, Christine Siegert, Hanno Meyer. - The 1998-2002 Ship-Based Expeditions for Coastal Erosion and Geomorphological Studies with Dunay, Neptun, Sofron Danilov, and Pavel Bashmakov / Volker Rachold, Waldemar Schneider, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Felix E. Are, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Lake Studies on Arga: History and Formation of the Lena Delta / Georg Schwamborn, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Volker Rachold, Vladimir E. Tumskoy, Lutz Schirrmeister, Guido Grosse. - Microbial Carbon Turnover in the Active Layer and in Permafrost / Susanne Liebner, Christian Knoblauch, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Svetlana Yu. Evgrajova, Dirk Wagner. - Fieldwork for Reconstructing the Paleo-Environment / Lutz Schirrmeister, Tatyana V. Kuznetsova, Andrei A. Andreev, Frank Kienast, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - 3. Process Studies of Permafrost Dynamics 2002-2006. - Subsea Permafrost Drilling During the COAST 2005 Expedition / Volker Rachold, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Waldemar Schneider. - The Early Samoylov Station and Its Extension in 2005 / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Julia Boike, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Günter Stoof, Alexander Yu. Gukov. - Installation of the Samoylov Observatory - Permafrost-Affected Soils and Greenhouse Gases (Investigations 2002-2006) / Lars Kutzbach, Christian Wille, Torsten Sachs, David Holl, Günter Stoof, Julia Boike, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Microbial Nitrogen Turnover in the Active Layer and Deeper Permafrost Sediments of the Lena River Delta / Claudia Fiencke, Tina Sanders, Fabian Beermann, Elena E. Lebedeva, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Geocryological and Paleoenvironmental Studies on the Coasts of the Laptev Sea / Lutz Schirrmeister, Christine Siegert, Guido Grosse, Hanno Meyer, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Viktor V. Kunitsky. - Long-Term Observations of the Pelagic Fauna in Lakes and Ponds in the Lena Delta / Ekaterina N. Abramova, lrina I. Vishnyakova, Grigory A. Soloviev, Anna A. Abramova. - 4. Implementation of New Research Topics 2007-2012. - Arctic Coastal Dynamics / Frank Günther, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Pier Paul Overduin, Hugues Lantuit, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten. - Field Work and Numerical Modelling for Subsea Permafrost and Gas Hydrates / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Pier Paul Overduin, Sebastian Wetterich, Mikhail N. Grigoriev. - Permafrost Degradation, Thermokarst and Thermal Erosion Fieldwork on Kurungnakh Island / Anne Morgenstern, Irina V. Fedorova, Antonina A. Chetverova, Frank Günther, Mathias Ulrich, Fabian Beermann, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Sofia A. Antonova, Samuel Stettner, Julia Boike. - With the Chainsaw to Climate Modelling - Ice Wedges as a Winter Climate Archive / Hanno Meyer, Thomas Opel, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin. - Past and Present Treeline and Lake Changes in Northern Siberia in Response to Warming / Ulrike Herzschuh, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Laura S. Epp, Larisa A. Frolova, Ruslan M. Gorodnichev, Birgit Heim, Florion Jeltsch, Juliane Klemm, Stefan Kruse, Larisa B. Nazarova, Bastian Niemeyer, Anatolii N. Nikolaev, Kathleen R. Stoof-Leichsenring, Ralph Tiedemann, Mareike Wieczoreck, Evgenij S. Zakharov, Heike H. Zimmermann. - Organic Matter Matters- Quantifying the Amount of Carbon in Northern Siberia / Jens Strauss, Lutz Schirrmeister, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Alexander L. Kholodov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Viktor V. Kunitsky, Matthias Fuchs, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Guido Grosse. - Expeditions with Rubber Boats and Small River Vessels - Hydrology and Geomorphology of the Lena Delta / Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, lrina V Fedorova, Julia Boike. - Mobilization and Deposition of Carbon in the Lena River System / Gesine Mollenhauer, Maria Winterfeld, Boris P. Koch, lrina V. Fedorova. - Holocene Lakes Around the Lena Delta / Bernhard Diekmann, Boris Biskaborn, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Dmitry A. Subetto, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Ulrike Herzschuh, Georg Schwamborn, Volker Rachold. - Complex Logistical Operations - Airborne Energy and Greenhouse Gas Flux Observations by Helipod / Torsten Sachs, Eric Larmanau, Katrin Kohnert, Andrei Serafimavich. - Lena Expeditions: Integration of New German Research Groups / Birgit Heim, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Pier Paul Overduin, lrina V. Fedorova. - A Decade of Coastal Research in the Lena Delta / lngeborg Bussmann, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, lrina V Fedorova, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Alexander Yu. Gukov, Gerhard Kattner, Alexandra Kraberg, Denis V. Moiseev, Pier Paul Overduin, Lasse Sander, Karen H. Wiltshire. - 5. New Horizons for Lena Expeditions - The New Research Station Samoylov Island. - Prime Minister V. V. Putin Visits Samoylov Island (P-Day) / Hanno Meyer, Thomas Opel, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin, Svetlana Yu. Evgrafava, Waldemar Schneider, Alexander S. Makarov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev. - The New Research Station Samoylov Island: Construction, Opening Ceremony, Facilities, and Operation / Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Igor N. Yeltsov, Anne Morgenstern. - Samoylov in International Programs and Networks - FLUX NET, GTN-P, INTERACT / Anne Morgenstern, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Julia Boike, Lars Kutzbach. - Short Overview of the Russian-German Permafrost Projects CARBOPERM and KoPf / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Ulrike Herzschuh, Guido Grosse. - Application of Remote Sensing in the Laptev Sea Region / Guido Grosse, Birgit Heim, Sofia Antonova, Julia Boike, Astrid Bracher, Alexey N. Fague, Frank Günther, Thomas Krumpen, Moritz Langer, Anne Morgenstern, Sina Muster, lngmar Nitze, Torsten Sachs. - Multidisciplinary Studies on Samoylov and Kurungnakh: Geophysics, Remote Sensing, Geology, Botanical, and Soil Studies / Igor N. Yeltsov, Alexey N. Faguet, Leonid V. Tsibizov, Vladimir A. Kashirtsev, Vladimir V. Olenchenko, Andrey A. Kartozia, Nikolay N. Lashchinskiy. - Deep lnsights into the Past Terrestrial Permafrost Drilling Campaigns / Jens Strauss, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Paul Overduin, Georgii Maximov, Guido Grosse, Alexey N. Fague, Leonid Tsibizov, Lutz Schirrmeister. - Long-Term Measurements of Land-Atmosphere Fluxes of Energy, Water, and Greenhouse Gases from 2002 until Today and Beyond / David Holl, Julia Boike, Torsten Sachs, Peter Schreiber, Niko Bornemann, Christian Wille, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Irina V. Fedorova, Lars Kutzbach. - Carbon Turnover of Thawing Permafrost in the Lena Delta / , Russische Ausgabe in kyrillischer Schrift
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    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We use the national Input-Output Matrix 2012 of INEGI and Flegg's approach to estimate four Regional Input-Output Matrices (RIOM) applying Banco de Mexico's regionalization. The RIOM are employed to evaluate the effects on gross output, value added and employment at the regional level resulting from two shocks: (a) the construction of a hypothetical automotive plant worth 1,000 million dollars; and (b) the production of 200,000 vehicles per year in that plant. The exercise reveals that: (i) the construction and the operation of the plant at full capacity have differentiated effects across regions and sectors on the studied variables, in both absolute and relative terms; (ii) the spillover effects resulting of both shocks within each region are concentrated in a limited number of sectors; and (iii) the north central region resulted to be the one receiving the largest relative benefits from both shocks.
    Keywords: R11 ; R12 ; R15 ; ddc:330 ; Input-Output Model ; Regional Analysis ; Multiplier Effects ; Automotive Sector
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    Language: Spanish
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  • 34
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper analyzes educational inequalities in basic education considering educational backwardness as individual achievement in the learning process in Bolivia. We make special emphasis on the effect of the type of school, whether public or private, to establish the degree of a gap that differentiates education in Bolivia. Considering the 2006-2014 period, initially it is identify what factors influence a child to enroll in a particular type of education, finding that the household income is the most important factor. Second, the Equality of Opportunities scheme is adopted, identifying a set of socioeconomic characteristics of the child's house (circumstances), that together with type of education, can influence the child gets lag. Thus, characteristics such as the socioeconomic background of the family are important source of inequality of educational opportunities, which interact with the effect of the type of school, proving a relative advantage of the private school over the public, showing that educational opportunities are not the same for all children.
    Keywords: I24 ; I25 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; Educational Inequalities ; Equality of Opportunities ; Public and Private School
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  • 35
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wissensgesellschaft ; Qualifikation ; Kreativität ; Innovation ; Neurowissenschaften
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  • 36
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: I15 ; I25 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Geburt ; Kinder ; Gesundheitsrisiko ; Argentinien
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  • 37
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: En este documento se definirá que es un equipo virtual de trabajo y cómo se relacionan estos equipos virtuales con las organizaciones. Se brindará una clasificación y se describirán características inherentes a los equipos virtuales. Se mencionarán los factores críticos de éxito para una correcta gestión de Equipos Virtuales de Trabajo, con individuos que trabajan geográficamente dispersos. Conceptos que abarcan no sólo a proyectos de tecnología, sino en general.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Virtuelles Team ; Definition
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  • 38
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este artículo pretende aportar conocimiento sobre uno de los grandes problemas que trae aparejado un liderazgo carismático: la sucesión del líder. El caso de estudio es el de Eva Perón, un tipo particular de liderazgo que compartió en forma simultánea con Juan D. Perón. El trabajo también analiza el rol político de quien fuera elegida para intentar reemplazarla, Delia Degliuomini de Parodi. / This article aims to provide knowledge about charismatic leadership and dilemmas that arise with succession to the disappearance of their leader. The case study is about Eva Peron, a particular kind of leadership because it was a double charismatic leadership and shared with President Juan D. Peron. It also discusses the political role of who was chosen to replace her, Delia Degliuomini de Parodi.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Regierungschef ; Charisma ; Führungswechsel ; Zeitgeschichte ; Argentinien
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  • 39
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Tradicionalmente el PIB había sido el indicador utilizado para medir el nivel de actividad, el desarrollo global de la sociedad, el progreso y el bienestar. Pero nuevas demandas han ido surgiendo en el siglo XXI y el PIB ya no puede medirlas y tampoco orientar las políticas para su logro. Han comenzado a plantearse impensadas preguntas del tipo '¿Los gobiernos deben orientar sus políticas hacia el crecimiento o hacia la felicidad?'. Con el objetivo explícito de lograr un indicador que pudiera superar las limitaciones señaladas surgió la organización Social Progress Imperative que orientó sus primeros esfuerzos a la elaboración de un Social Progress Index que se esperaba fuera utilizado para 'informar e influir sobre las políticas e instituciones en todo el mundo'. Se ha señalado que este indicador estaría fuertemente relacionado con el problema de la felicidad. Pero también se han ido elaborando indicadores más específicos de la felicidad y se sostiene que los mismos constituyen medidas adecuadas del progreso social. Probablemente el más reconocido sea el Gross National Happiness Index publicado anualmente a partir de 2012 en el World Happiness Report. Estos indicadores son analizados en el presente trabajo para períodos recientes con particular referencia al caso argentino. ECONOMIC GROWTH, SOCIAL PROGRESS AND HAPPINESS SUMMARY Traditionally GDP had been the indicator used to measure the level of activity, the overall development of society, progress and welfare. But new demands have been emerging in the 21st century and GDP can no longer measure them nor guide policies for their achievement. Unthinkable questions such as "Should governments orient their policies toward growth or toward happiness?" have arisen. With the explicit aim of achieving an indicator that could overcome the above mentioned limitations, the Social Progress Imperative Organization, directed its first efforts towards the elaboration of a Social Progress Index that was expected to be used to "inform and influence policies and institutions all over the world". It has been pointed out that this indicator would be strongly related to the problem of happiness. But more specific indicators of happiness have also been developed and it is argued that they are also adequate measures of social progress. Probably the most recognized is the Gross National Happiness Index published annually since 2012 in the World Happiness Report. These indicators are analyzed in the present paper for recent periods with particular reference to the Argentine case.
    Description: Traditionally GDP had been the indicator used to measure the level of activity, the overall development of society, progress and welfare. But new demands have been emerging in the 21st century and GDP can no longer measure them nor guide policies for their achievement. Unthinkable questions such as "Should governments orient their policies toward growth or toward happiness?" have arisen. With the explicit aim of achieving an indicator that could overcome the above mentioned limitations, the Social Progress Imperative Organization, directed its first efforts towards the elaboration of a Social Progress Index that was expected to be used to "inform and influence policies and institutions all over the world". It has been pointed out that this indicator would be strongly related to the problem of happiness. But more specific indicators of happiness have also been developed and it is argued that they are also adequate measures of social progress. Probably the most recognized is the Gross National Happiness Index published annually since 2012 in the World Happiness Report. These indicators are analyzed in the present paper for recent periods with particular reference to the Argentine case.
    Keywords: A13 ; I31 ; ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Wirtschaftsindikator ; Sozialer Indikator ; Glücksforschung ; Argentinien
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  • 40
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El objetivo del presente trabajo es realizar un análisis comparativo entre la metodología comúnmente utilizada por los agentes del mercado local en lo referido a la estimación de Curvas de Rendimiento Cupón Cero (también conocidas como Estructuras Temporales de Tasa de Interés o ETTI), mediante la metodología de estimación de líneas de tendencias logarítmicas respecto a las YTM (Yield to Maturity) o TIR (Tasa Interna de Retorno) de un grupo o conjunto de títulos que comparten ciertas características y el desarrollo metodológico de Curvas de Rendimiento Cupón Cero mediante la implementación de un modelo paramétrico denominado Nelson y Siegel (NS)[1]. En los siguientes capítulos se abordarán ambas metodologías presentándose las ventajas y desventajas de cada una y sus ámbitos de aplicación. Para esto se tomarán los títulos públicos ajustados por CER a modo de ejemplo práctico dado que éstos presentan una estructura de cash flows compleja. El resultado del presente trabajo empírico arroja evidencias ampliamente favorables hacia la implementación del modelo paramétrico de NS. Esta conclusión se fundamenta tanto en las propiedades intrínsecas de la metodología de NS como en las desventajas de la utilización de YTM para extrapolar directamente una curva de rendimientos y, fundamentalmente, en los resultados obtenidos entre la diferencia (error) obtenida entre los precios estimados o teóricos por cada metodología y los precios de mercado.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Zero-Bond ; Rendite ; Zinsstruktur ; Schätztheorie ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We analyze the relationship between the economic growth rate and a rule of law indicator in Mexican states during the period 2006-2013. Specifically, we employ information regarding the time it takes to solve commercial disputes in local courts, which we use as a proxy variable to measure the efficiency of the justice system. In principle, we expect that the shorter the time it takes to resolve commercial disputes, the higher the growth rates will be in the states where the firms are located. The results suggest that a 100-day decrease in the average time it takes to resolve a commercial dispute is associated with an increase of 0.6 percent in the growth rate of state per capita GDP.
    Keywords: O43 ; O47 ; ddc:330 ; Economic Growth ; Justice System ; Regional Economies
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  • 42
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ökonomen ; Veranstaltung ; Wirtschaftshochschule ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 43
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 44
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: En la actualidad el uso de Generics está ampliamente difundido y le otorga a la programación un alto grado de reusabilidad y control. En particular cuando se menciona Generics, la reusabilidad y control se da sobre los tipos que deseamos que utilicen nuestras clases, estructuras e interfaces. El uso de genéricos y colecciones genéricas tienden a mejorar el rendimiento, debido a que suele evitar el proceso de boxing y unboxing tan costoso en términos de procesamiento. El concepto "genéricos o generics" es aplicable a clases, interfaces, métodos, delegados y parámetros. Esto implica que gran parte del código puede verse potenciado por esta característica.
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 45
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankenkrise ; Stresstest ; Private Banking ; Simulation ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 46
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftslage ; Subprime-Krise ; Wirtschaftspolitik ; Meinung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 47
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ökonomen ; Ökonomische Ideengeschichte ; Außenwirtschaftstheorie ; Großbritannien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 48
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El presente trabajo posee por objetivo analizar las decisiones de inversión adoptadas por las principales empresas participantes del mercado petrolero argentino en función de las políticas de derechos de exportación y precios internos del petróleo instrumentadas desde el año 2003, y cómo los flujos destinados a inversión pudieron haber afectado los niveles de producción de petróleo en la Argentina. Para ello se estudió la información proveniente de los estados contables correspondientes a treinta empresas participantes de la industria petrolera argentina, que en su conjunto representan más del 80% del tamaño de la industria petrolera local, en especial la referida a flujos de fondos destinados a inversión y variaciones en los activos fijos. Fue posible observar que la regulación de los precios internos mediante la instrumentación de derechos de exportación causó en forma simultánea un deterioro en la rentabilidad de las empresas pertenecientes a la industria petrolera. En forma simultánea, los derechos de exportación instrumentados entre los años 2004 y 2015 generaron una importante brecha de precios respecto de los valores internacionales del petróleo. La persistencia de dicha brecha de precios y de rentabilidad en el tiempo habría incidido en las decisiones de inversión realizadas en el segmento petrolero argentino, observándose una caída en los niveles de inversión y en los activos fijos productivos destinados a dicha actividad. Ello condujo a una reducción en la capacidad de producción de las empresas petroleras, lo cual generó para la Argentina la pérdida de la capacidad de autoabastecimiento de petróleo y combustibles.
    Description: The present paper analyzes the investment decisions made by the main companies participating in the Argentine oil market, based on the export taxes and domestic oil prices policies implemented since 2003, and how the cash flows destined for investment may have affected the oil production in Argentina. For this purpose, the financial statements corresponding to thirty participating companies of the Argentine oil industry (which together represent more than 80% of the size of the local oil industry) were studied, specially the information related to flows of funds destined to investment and changes in fixed assets. It was possible to observe that the regulation of domestic prices through the instrumentation of export taxes simultaneously caused a deterioration in the profitability of companies belonging to the oil industry. Simultaneously, the export taxes implemented between 2004 and 2015 generated a significant price gap with respect to international oil values. The persistence of this price and profitability gap over time would have affected the investment decisions made in the Argentine oil segment, with a drop on investment rates and fixed assets for that activity. This led to a reduction in the production capacity of the oil companies, which generated for Argentina the loss of the capacity of self-sufficiency of oil.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 49
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wehrtechnik ; Entscheidung ; Militärische Intervention ; USA
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 50
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 51
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    Geneva: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-29
    Description: En el presente estudio sobre la movilización de recursos domésticos para el desarrollo social se analiza el sector de la salud en Nicaragua desde 1972 hasta 2015. Se examinan las variaciones en las políticas que afectan el sector salud y su financiamiento, el papel de las instituciones, la fuerza de las ideas nacionales e internacionales, y la influencia de la sociedad civil y del sector privado. Estos elementos se retoman para el análisis de diferentes periodos de gobierno: la dictadura de Somoza (1972–1979), una década de revolución (1979–1989), un período de políticas neoliberales (1990–2006), y finalmente una etapa de modelo híbrido que incorpora elementos de las dos etapas anteriores (2007–2015). El estudio examina los diferentes períodos y analiza con más detenimiento el período actual bajo el gobierno de Ortega. Los hallazgos son que a través del tiempo se observa una mejoría en la salud y en los servicios ofrecidos por el estado y el sector privado, y que ello en buena parte se debe a que el gasto social ha aumentado en la medida que la economía del país ha crecido y que las fuentes de financiamiento - con limitaciones presupuestarias por políticas macroeconómicas de control de déficit fiscal - se han diversificado. En cuanto al diseño de las políticas e instituciones de salud, en general ha prevalecido un modelo de salud curativo, aunque hubo períodos en que se enfatizó lo preventivo. Las razones por las que se obvia lo preventivo tienen que ver con el clima político-partidario en unos casos y el interés económico en otros casos. Entre los mayores desafíos en el sistema de salud en Nicaragua se encuentra la tarea de generar información fiable y democratizarla, lo que es más posible en el contexto actual de revolución tecnológica. Es la llave para poder optimizar la priorización de las inversiones, además de generar el mayor nivel posible de transparencia para poder maximizar la asignación de recursos propios y la obtención de recursos externos. De la misma manera la generación de información de calidad juega un papel esencial para mejorar la articulación entre diferentes sectores, y para una mayor participación de la población en el cuidado de su propia salud. Realizando esta tarea y los procesos relacionados a ella promete contribuir a la salud de la población y a que las instituciones sean cada vez más fuertes e inclusivas.
    Description: Preparad o para el proyecto de UNRISD sobre las políticas de movilización de recursos domésticos para el desarrollo social
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: This paper analyzes Bolivian Global Value Chains (GVC) for 2002, 2005 and 2011, using the Vertical Specialization Index (EV) of Hummels et al. (2001) and the measure of Upstreamness of Antràs y Chor (2011) (cited by Antràs et al., 2012b). Indicators show that trade patterns are represented by a concentration of raw materials, which have also taken advantage from those derived from GVC; while manufacturing sectors have been less important in this dynamic, and they even lost their relevance over time.
    Keywords: C02 ; F01 ; F14 ; ddc:330 ; Global Value Chains ; fragmentation indicators ; Bolivia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 53
    Publication Date: 2018-08-23
    Description: Propósito – La presente investigación examina la existencia de memoria de largo plazo por medio del cálculo del coeficiente de Hurst y Hurst ajustado, y del análisis de características de estructuras caóticas en la serie del mercado bursátil de Chile, específicamente a través del Índice de Precios Selectivo de Acciones. Diseño/metodología/enfoque – Se desarrolló un breve análisis del mercado, según la metodología de Box y Jenkings. La validez de los resultados se realizó por medio de la prueba propuesta por Brock, Dechert y Scheinkman. En segundo lugar, se procedió a analizar la dinámica y patrones del índice y de su rendimiento, para observar si existía evidencia de memoria de largo plazo. Hallazgos – Los resultados demuestran la presencia de esta memoria en el mercado bursátil chileno, determinado a través del índice accionario en dos escalas, diaria y trimestral, lo que además corrobora resultados obtenidos por otros autores, confirmando el uso de la metodología de Rango Re-escaldo para la identificación y determinación de memoria de largo plazo en una serie temporal. Originalidad/valor – Este estudio permitirá a futuros investigadores realizar análisis similares en otros mercados, aportando un nuevo enfoque al analizar la memoria de la largo plazo y los factores que inciden en ella.
    Keywords: G14 ; ddc:330 ; Exponente de Hurst ; Índice bursátil ; Mercados eficientes ; Mercados fractales
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 54
    Publication Date: 2018-08-23
    Description: Propósito – Los call centers generan estrés y ausentismo en el personal y la literatura sugiere que el liderazgo orientado a la gente es el tipo adecuado de supervisión para tal situación. Este estudio comparó sus efectos versus los de otros tipos de liderazgo. Metodología – Datos de ausentismo de 379 representantes de servicios al cliente de un call center peruano fueron analizados y los representantes respondieron a un cuestionario sobre el Marco de Valores en Competencia y sus cuatro tipos de liderazgo. Turnos diurnos y nocturnos de trabajo fueron comparados. Resultados – Se observó que el ausentismo declina con el liderazgo orientado a la gente, aunque solo en el turno diurno, y la adición de liderazgos orientados al cambio, los resultados y el control resta validez a los modelos. Limitaciones/implicancias – Futuros estudios deberán abarcar el desempeño del trabajador. Los hallazgos sugieren una necesidad de volver a poner el foco teórico en las contingencias ambientales que afectan la eficacia del liderazgo. Originalidad/valor – Teóricos del liderazgo se preguntarán en qué circunstancias es efectivo el liderazgo múltiple. Gerentes de call centers apreciarán el valor organizacional del liderazgo orientado a la gente en el primer nivel de supervisión.
    Keywords: L83 ; ddc:330 ; Call center ; Gerencia de Recursos Humanos ; Liderazgo orientado a la gente ; Marco de valores en competencia ; Teoría y comportamiento organizacional
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 55
    Publication Date: 2018-08-23
    Description: Propósito – En el artículo se presenta una síntesis del impacto sobre la producción y el empleo generado por la realización de un megaevento deportivo en la ciudad de Cali, Colombia. Diseño/metodología/enfoque – El impacto se estima a través de los efectos sistemáticos producidos por las actividades de inversión/gasto de los agentes identificados y los consecuentes efectos multiplicadores capturados a partir de un modelo insumo-producto. Hallazgos – La realización de los Juegos Mundiales significó un nuevo flujo de ingreso monetario a la ciudad de Cali, de $101.036 millones de pesos (=53,4 millones de dólares) y se generaron 9.598 puestos de trabajo (=7.711 empleos de tiempo completo). Adicionalmente, se atrajo a la ciudad a 2.174 turistas internacionales y 11.250 turistas nacionales. Originalidad/valor – El artículo aporta aspectos innovadores metodológicamente útiles para futuros estudios de impacto económico en ciudades poco turísticas situadas en países en vías desarrollo.
    Keywords: C67 ; L83 ; ddc:330 ; Cali ; Colombia ; Impacto económico ; Los Juegos Mundiales ; Megaeventos deportivos
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Toronto: The Bichler & Nitzan Archives
    Publication Date: 2018-01-08
    Description: SPANISH ABSTRACT: La mayoría de las explicaciones de las alzas y bajas del mercado de valores se basan en la comparación de la lógica “fundamental” subyacente de la economía con los factores exógenos que supuestamente la distorsionan. Este artículo presenta un modelo radicalmente distinto, y examina el mercado de valores desde la perspectiva del poder capitalizado y no desde el punto de vista de una economía distorsionada. El modelo demuestra que la valoración de acciones representa poder capitalizado, que el poder capitalizado está entrelazado al temor sistémico, y que estos dos elementos son mediados por el sabotaje estratégico. Este modelo triangular ofrece una base para examinar los límites del poder capitalizado y su relación con la transformación histórica y actual del modo de poder capitalista.
    Description: Translated from the English by Alberto Supelano.
    Description: ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Most explanations of stock market booms and busts are based on contrasting the underlying ‘fundamental’ logic of the economy with the exogenous, non-economic factors that presumably distort it. Our paper offers a radically different model, examining the stock market not from the mechanical viewpoint of a distorted economy, but from the dialectical perspective of capitalized power. The model demonstrates that (1) the valuation of equities represents capitalized power; (2) capitalized power is dialectically intertwined with systemic fear; and (3) systemic fear and capitalized power are mediated through strategic sabotage. This triangular model, we posit, can offer a basis for examining the asymptotes, or limits, of capitalized power and the ways in which these asymptotes relate to the historical and ongoing transformation of the capitalist mode of power.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; capital as power ; crisis ; mismatch thesis ; stock market ; strategic sabotage ; systemic fear ; valuation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 57
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este estudio examina de manera empírica el efecto que tiene una mejora en las condiciones de la gobernabilidad en la gestión del riesgo sobre las pérdidas humanas ante la ocurrencia de un desastre. Para medir la gobernabilidad en la gestión del riesgo de desastres (GGRD), este análisis se fundamenta en el Índice de Gobernabilidad y de Políticas Públicas (iGOPP), desarrollado por el Banco Inter-Americano de Desarrollo, que caracteriza el desarrollo normativo, institucional y presupuestal sobre gestión de riesgo de desastres de un país. Utilizando modelos econométricos de datos de recuento con efectos fijos por año y país en un panel de datos de 15 países de América Latina y el Caribe para el periodo 1980-2014, este análisis demuestra que una mejora en la gobernabilidad de gestión del riesgo conlleva a una reducción significativa en la probabilidad de sufrir pérdidas humanas causadas por desastres naturales. Específicamente, un punto adicional en el iGOPP está asociado con una reducción entre 3 y 9% del total de fatalidades causadas por desastres naturales de gran magnitud. Los resultados sugieren que la creación de condiciones para mejorar la gobernabilidad en la gestión del riesgo es un elemento crucial no solo para revertir el impacto negativo de las causas subyacentes de vulnerabilidad social, como las deficiencias en el Sistema económico y una débil capacidad institucional, sino también para contrarrestar el efecto de presiones dinámicas como la rápida urbanización, degradación ambiental e ineficiencias de los mercados.
    Keywords: Q1 ; Q54 ; Q58 ; ddc:330 ; desastres naturales ; gestión del riesgo ; gobernabilidad ; América Latina
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2017-11-08
    Description: Перед агропромышленным комплексом Казахстана стоят кардинальные задачи по устойчивому развитию и наращиванию сельскохозяйственного производства, увеличению выпуска экспортоориентированной, конкурентоспособной продукции и обеспечению продовольственной безопасности страны. Сегодня для решения поставленных задач перед АПК страны принята Государственная программа развития АПК на 2017–2021 годы и внедряются в производство новые Законы «О сельскохозяйственных кооперативах», «О пастбищах» и др. Особое внимание в этих документах уделяется созданию крупных товарных хозяйств на основе кооперации. Анализ современного состояния развития сельского хозяйства в республике показал, что мелкие крестьянские хозяйства, состоящие из одной семьи или из группы людей, слабо оснащенные материально-техническими средствами, в одиночестве без объединений общих сил не в состоянии вести расширенное производство и установить межотраслевые связи в процессе производства и переработки. Эти хозяйства не в состоянии самостоятельно решать проблемы повышения конкурентоспособности производимой ими продукции, внедрения инноваций, поставок безопасных для здоровья населения продуктов питания и лишены возможности получать услуги высококвалифицированных специалистов. Основными сдерживающими факторами развития кооперативного движения в республике являются недостаточные меры государственной поддержки сельского хозяйства, кадрового обеспечения, несовершенство правого законодательства, налогообложения и отсутствие механизмов организации взаимоотношений внутри кооператива. Для реализации поставленных выше задач перед АПК страны, необходимо объединить мелкие крестьянские хозяйства в крупные сельскохозяйственные кооперативы по производству, переработке, хранению, транспортировке и сбыту сельскохозяйственной продукции.
    Description: Kazakhstan's agriculture aims to achieve sustainable development and agricultural production growth, increased production of export and competitive products, and ensure national food security. To implement these tasks, the State Program for Agricultural Development for 2017-2021 has been adopted, and new laws "On agricultural cooperatives", "On pastures", etc. are being introduced. Particular attention is paid to the creation of large farms based on cooperation. The analysis of the current state of agricultural development showed that small peasant farms, consisting of one family or a group of people, poorly equipped with inputs and technical means, cannot expand production and establish inter-industrial links in production and processing. These farms lack capacity to independently address the issues of increasing competitiveness of their products, introduce innovations, supply healthy food, and access high quality services. The main constraining factors in the development of cooperatives in Kazakhstan are insufficient measures of state support of agriculture, personnel provision, imperfect legislation and taxation, and the absence of organizational mechanisms of intra-cooperative linkages. In order to fulfill these tasks, it is necessary to unite small peasant farms to form large agricultural cooperatives in production, processing, storage, transportation and marketing of agricultural products.
    Keywords: P41 ; P47 ; Q15 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; Кооперация ; крестьянские (фермерские) хозяйства ; коллективизация ; реформа ; cooperation ; peasant farms ; collectivization ; reforms ; Kooperation ; kleinbäuerliche Betriebe ; Kollektivierung ; Reformen
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    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 60
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Keywords: D73 ; D78 ; L52 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 61
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: This paper discusses theoretical and practical issues related to long-term care (LTC) services in Latin America. Demand for these services will rise as the region undergoes a swift demographic transition from its currently young population to a rapidly aging one, especially since the region's aging cohorts are more prone to experience a decline in their functional and physical abilities than elderly people elsewhere in the world. We argue that private insurance markets are ill-equipped to provide coverage to meet the need for LTC, while the amount of personal savings required to afford self-insurance is prohibitively high. We study how developed economies have dealt with the issue of LTC and pay special attention to the most salient features of their LTC programs. We then direct the discussion to Latin America, where LTC may not be an immediate priority, but governments are likely to encourage the development of LTC programs as demand for them steadily grows. In particular, policymakers are probably going to focus initially on LTC programs for the poor and the vulnerable, for whom LTC affordability is a greater problem. We therefore study how basic elements of policy design affect costeffectiveness of LTC programs by means of a formal model. Our study shows that propoor programs are more cost effective when people have the option to receive cash subsidies, and the availability of in-kind and in-cash choices reduces program costs overall. We argue that our findings are natural starting points to start thinking about LTC program development in the region.
    Keywords: J14 ; N36 ;