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  • 1
    Call number: IASS 16.89776
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 530 Seiten , Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9787010149363
    Language: English , Chinese
    Branch Library: IASS Library
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  • 2
    Call number: AWI G3-18-91864(ger) ; AWI G3-18-91864(eng) ; AWI G3-18-91864(rus)
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 3 Bände in einem Schuber (204 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 978-3-88808-716-5 (ger) , 978-3-88808-714-1 (eng) , 978-3-88808-715-8 (rus)
    Language: German , English , Russian
    Note: Inhalt: Einführung und Hintergrund der terrestrischen Expeditionen in Sibirien / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Volker Rachold, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - 1. Auf dem Weg zu den Lena-Expeditionen 1993-1997. - Seesedimente auf Taimyr und Sewernaja Semlja als Klima-Archiv / Pier Paul Overduin, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Martin Melles. - Erste Studien zu Energie-, Wasser- und Spurengasflüssen in Tundraböden: Labas-See und Lewinson-Lessing-See, Taimyr-Halbinsel / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Julia Boike, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Untersuchungen von Permafrost-Sequenzen in der Taimyr-Tiefebene (1994-1996) / Christine Siegert, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin. - Kohlenstoff in den arktischen Wüstenböden von Sewernaja Semlja / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, Dimitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Hydrologie, Geochemie und Sedimenttransport in den Flüssen Sibiriens - Das SYSTEM LAPTEV SEA Projekt 1994-1997 / Volker Rachold. - 2. Der Beginn der Lena-Expeditionen 1998-2002. - lnitiierung des Forschungsprojekts Lenadelta: Wissenschaftliche Strategie, Kooperation und Logistik / Volker Rachold, Martin Antonow, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Die ersten Jahre der boden- und klimabezogenen Permafrostforschung auf Samoilow und Umgebung (Untersuchungen 1998-2001) / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Julia Boike, Günter Stoof, Lars Kutzbach, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, lrina A. Yakshina, Anno N. Kurchatova, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Bykowski-Halbinsel: Die erste Landexpedition mit Fokus auf das Paläoklima / Lutz Schirrmeister, Guido Grosse, Viktor V. Kunitsky, Christine Siegert, Hanno Meyer. - Schiffsexpeditionen von 1998 bis 2002 zur Untersuchung von Erosion und Geomorphologie der Küste mit Dunai, Neptun, Sofron Danilov und Pavel Bashmakov / Volker Rachold, Waldemar Schneider, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Hans-Wolfgong Hubberten, Felix E. Are, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Untersuchung von Seen auf Arga: Geschichte und Entstehung des Lenadeltas / Georg Schwamborn, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Volker Rachold, Vladimir E. Tumskoy, Lutz Schirrmeister, Guido Grosse. - Mikrobieller Kohlenstoffumsatz in der Auftauschicht und im Permafrost / Susanne Liebner, Christian Knoblauch, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Svetlana Yu. Evgrafova, Dirk Wagner. - Feldarbeit für die Rekonstruktion der Paläoumwelt / Lutz Schirrmeister, Tatyana V. Kuznetsova, Andrei A. Andreev, Frank Kienast, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - 3. Prozessstudien zur Permafrostdynamik 2002-2005. - Submarine Permafrostbohrungen während der COAST 2005 Expedition / Volker Rachold, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Waldemar Schneider. - Die frühe Forschungsstation Insel Samoilow und ihre Erweiterung 2005 / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Julia Boike, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Günter Stoof, Alexander Yu. Gukav. - Installation des Samoilow Observatoriums - wissenschaftliches Monitoring von Klimadaten, Permafrostböden und Treibhausgasen (Untersuchungen 2002-2006) / Lars Kutzbach, Christian Wille, Torsten Sachs, David Holl, Günter Stoof Julia Boike, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Mikrobieller Stickstoffumsatz in der Auftauschicht und den tieferen Permafrostsedimenten des Lenadeltas / Claudia Fiencke, Tina Sanders, Fabian Beermann, Elena E. Lebedeva, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Geokryologische und paläoökologische Studien an den Küsten der Laptewsee / Lutz Schirrmeister, Christine Siegert, Guido Grosse, Hanno Meyer, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Viktor V. Kunitsky. - Langzeitbeobachtungen der pelagischen Fauna in Seen und Tümpeln des Lenadeltas / Ekaterina N. Abramova, lrina I. Vishnyakova, Grigory A. Soloviev, Anna A. Abramova. - 4. Umsetzung neuer Forschungsthemen 2007-2012. - Die Dynamik der arktischen Küsten / Frank Günther, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, P. Paul Overduin, Hugues Lantuit, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten. - Feldarbeit und Erstellung numerischer Modelle von submarinem Permafrost und Gashydraten / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Pier Paul Overduin, Sebastian Wetterich, Mikhail N. Grigoriev. - Permafrostdegradation, Thermokarst und Thermoerosion - Feldforschung auf der Insel Kurungnach / Anne Morgenstern, lrina V Fedorova, Antonina A. Chetverova, Frank Günther, Mathias Ulrich, Fabian Beermann, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Sofia A. Antonova, Samuel Stettner, Julia Boike. - Mit Kettensäge zum Klimamodell - Eiskeile als Winterklima-Archive / Hanno Meyer, Thomas Opel, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin. - Veränderungen nordsibirischer Seen und Baumgrenzen in der Vergangenheit und Gegenwart als Reaktion auf Erwärmung / Ulrike Herzschuh, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Laura S. Epp, Larisa A. Frolova, Ruslan M. Gorodnichev, Birgit Heim, Florion Jeltsch, Juliane Klemm, Stefan Kruse, Larisa B. Nazarova, Bastian Niemeyer, Anatolii N. Nikolaev, Kathleen R. Stoof-Leichsenring, Ralph Tiedemann, Mareike Wieczoreck, Evgenij S. Zakharov, Heike H. Zimmermann. - Kohlenstoff in Permafrost - Quantifizierung der Menge an organischem Material in Sibirien / Jens Strauss, Lutz Schirrmeister, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Alexander L. Kholodov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Viktor V. Kunitsky, Matthias Fuchs, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Guido Grosse. - Expeditionen mit Gummibooten und kleinen Flussbooten - Hydrologie und Geomorphologie des Lenadeltas / Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, lrina V Fedorova, Julia Boike. - Mobilisierung und Ablagerung von Kohlenstoff im Lena-Flusssystem / Gesine Mollenhauer, Maria Winterfeld, Boris P. Koch, lrina V. Fedorova. - Holozäne Seen rund um das Lenadelta / Bernhard Diekmann, Boris Biskaborn, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Dmitry A. Subetto, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Ulrike Herzschuh, Georg Schwamborn, Volker Rachold. - Logistisch komplexe Einsätze - Beobachtungen von Energie und Treibhausgasflüssen aus der Luft mittels Helipod / Torsten Sachs, Eric Larmanau, Katrin Kohnert, Andrei Serafimavich. - Lena Expeditionen: Einbindung neuer deutscher Forschungsgruppen / Birgit Heim, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Pier Paul Overduin, lrina V. Fedorova. - Ein Jahrzehnt der Küstenforschung im Lenadelta / lngeborg Bussmann, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, lrina V Fedorova, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Alexander Yu. Gukov, Gerhard Kattner, Alexandra Kraberg, Denis V. Moiseev, Pier Paul Overduin, Lasse Sander, Karen H. Wiltshire. - 5. Neue Horizonte für Lena-Expeditionen - Die neue Forschungsstation Insel Samoilow. - Ministerpräsident W. W. Putin besucht die Insel Samoilow (P-Day) / Hanno Meyer, Thomas Opel, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin, Svetlana Yu. Evgrafava, Waldemar Schneider, Alexander S. Makarov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev. - Die neue Forschungsstation Insel Samoilow: Bau, Eröffnungsfeier, Anlage und Betrieb / Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Igor N. Yeltsov, Anne Morgenstern. - Samoilow in internationalen Programmen und Netzwerken - FLUXNET, GTN-P, INTERACT / Anne Morgenstern, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Julia Boike, Lars Kutzbach. - Kurzer Überblick über die russisch-deutschen Permafrost-Projekte CARBOPERM und KoPf / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Ulrike Herzschuh, Guido Grosse. - Einsatz von Fernerkundung im Gebiet der Laptewsee / Guido Grosse, Birgit Heim, Sofia Antonova, Julia Boike, Astrid Bracher, Alexey N. Fague, Frank Günther, Thomas Krumpen, Moritz Langer, Anne Morgenstern, Sina Muster, lngmar Nitze, Torsten Sachs. - Multidisziplinäre Studien auf Samoilow und Kurungnach: Geophysik, Fernerkundung, Geologie sowie botanische und Bodenstudien / Igor N. Yeltsov, Alexey N. Faguet, Leonid V. Tsibizov, Vladimir A. Kashirtsev, Vladimir V. Olenchenko, Andrey A. Kartozia, Nikolay N. Lashchinskiy. - Terrestrische Permafrost-Bohrkampagnen: Tiefe Einblicke in die Vergangenheit / Jens Strauss, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Paul Overduin, Georgii Maximov, Guido Grosse, Alexey N. Fague, Leonid Tsibizov, Lutz Schirrmeister. - Langzeitmessungen der Energie-, Wasser-, und Treibhausgasflüsse zwischen Land und Atmosphäre von 2002 bis heute und darüber hinaus / David Holl, Ju , Contents: Introduction and Background to Terrestrial Expeditions in Siberia / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Volker Rachold, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - 1. On the Way to the Lena Expeditions 1993-1997. - Lake Sediments on Taymyr and Severnaya Zemlya as a Climate Archive / Pier Paul Overduin, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Martin Melles. - First Energy, Water, and Flux Studies of Tundra Soils - Labaz and Levinson-Lessing Lake, Taymyr Peninsula / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Julia Boike, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Exploring Permafrost Sequences in the Taymyr Lowland (1994-1996) / Christine Siegert, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin. - Carbon in Arctic Desert Soils of Severnaya Zemlya / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, Dimitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Hydrology, Geochemistry, and Sediment Transport of the Siberian Rivers - The SYSTEM LAPTEV SEA Project 1994-1997 / Volker Rachold. - 2. The Beginning of the Lena Expeditions 1998-2002. - Initiation of the Research Project Lena Delta: Science Strategy, Cooperation, and Logistics / Volker Rachold, Martin Antonow, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - The First Years of Soil and Climate-Related Permafrost Research on Samoylov Island and Surroundings (Investigations 1998- 2001) / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Julia Boike, Günter Stoof, Lars Kutzbach, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, lrina A. Yakshina, Anno N. Kurchatova, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Bykovsky Peninsula: The First Land Expedition with a Focus on Paleoclimate / Lutz Schirrmeister, Guido Grosse, Viktor V. Kunitsky, Christine Siegert, Hanno Meyer. - The 1998-2002 Ship-Based Expeditions for Coastal Erosion and Geomorphological Studies with Dunay, Neptun, Sofron Danilov, and Pavel Bashmakov / Volker Rachold, Waldemar Schneider, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Felix E. Are, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - Lake Studies on Arga: History and Formation of the Lena Delta / Georg Schwamborn, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Volker Rachold, Vladimir E. Tumskoy, Lutz Schirrmeister, Guido Grosse. - Microbial Carbon Turnover in the Active Layer and in Permafrost / Susanne Liebner, Christian Knoblauch, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Svetlana Yu. Evgrajova, Dirk Wagner. - Fieldwork for Reconstructing the Paleo-Environment / Lutz Schirrmeister, Tatyana V. Kuznetsova, Andrei A. Andreev, Frank Kienast, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov. - 3. Process Studies of Permafrost Dynamics 2002-2006. - Subsea Permafrost Drilling During the COAST 2005 Expedition / Volker Rachold, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Waldemar Schneider. - The Early Samoylov Station and Its Extension in 2005 / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Julia Boike, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Günter Stoof, Alexander Yu. Gukov. - Installation of the Samoylov Observatory - Permafrost-Affected Soils and Greenhouse Gases (Investigations 2002-2006) / Lars Kutzbach, Christian Wille, Torsten Sachs, David Holl, Günter Stoof, Julia Boike, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Microbial Nitrogen Turnover in the Active Layer and Deeper Permafrost Sediments of the Lena River Delta / Claudia Fiencke, Tina Sanders, Fabian Beermann, Elena E. Lebedeva, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer. - Geocryological and Paleoenvironmental Studies on the Coasts of the Laptev Sea / Lutz Schirrmeister, Christine Siegert, Guido Grosse, Hanno Meyer, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Viktor V. Kunitsky. - Long-Term Observations of the Pelagic Fauna in Lakes and Ponds in the Lena Delta / Ekaterina N. Abramova, lrina I. Vishnyakova, Grigory A. Soloviev, Anna A. Abramova. - 4. Implementation of New Research Topics 2007-2012. - Arctic Coastal Dynamics / Frank Günther, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Pier Paul Overduin, Hugues Lantuit, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten. - Field Work and Numerical Modelling for Subsea Permafrost and Gas Hydrates / Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Pier Paul Overduin, Sebastian Wetterich, Mikhail N. Grigoriev. - Permafrost Degradation, Thermokarst and Thermal Erosion Fieldwork on Kurungnakh Island / Anne Morgenstern, Irina V. Fedorova, Antonina A. Chetverova, Frank Günther, Mathias Ulrich, Fabian Beermann, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Sofia A. Antonova, Samuel Stettner, Julia Boike. - With the Chainsaw to Climate Modelling - Ice Wedges as a Winter Climate Archive / Hanno Meyer, Thomas Opel, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin. - Past and Present Treeline and Lake Changes in Northern Siberia in Response to Warming / Ulrike Herzschuh, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Laura S. Epp, Larisa A. Frolova, Ruslan M. Gorodnichev, Birgit Heim, Florion Jeltsch, Juliane Klemm, Stefan Kruse, Larisa B. Nazarova, Bastian Niemeyer, Anatolii N. Nikolaev, Kathleen R. Stoof-Leichsenring, Ralph Tiedemann, Mareike Wieczoreck, Evgenij S. Zakharov, Heike H. Zimmermann. - Organic Matter Matters- Quantifying the Amount of Carbon in Northern Siberia / Jens Strauss, Lutz Schirrmeister, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Alexander L. Kholodov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Viktor V. Kunitsky, Matthias Fuchs, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Guido Grosse. - Expeditions with Rubber Boats and Small River Vessels - Hydrology and Geomorphology of the Lena Delta / Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, lrina V Fedorova, Julia Boike. - Mobilization and Deposition of Carbon in the Lena River System / Gesine Mollenhauer, Maria Winterfeld, Boris P. Koch, lrina V. Fedorova. - Holocene Lakes Around the Lena Delta / Bernhard Diekmann, Boris Biskaborn, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Dmitry A. Subetto, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Ulrike Herzschuh, Georg Schwamborn, Volker Rachold. - Complex Logistical Operations - Airborne Energy and Greenhouse Gas Flux Observations by Helipod / Torsten Sachs, Eric Larmanau, Katrin Kohnert, Andrei Serafimavich. - Lena Expeditions: Integration of New German Research Groups / Birgit Heim, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Pier Paul Overduin, lrina V. Fedorova. - A Decade of Coastal Research in the Lena Delta / lngeborg Bussmann, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, lrina V Fedorova, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Alexander Yu. Gukov, Gerhard Kattner, Alexandra Kraberg, Denis V. Moiseev, Pier Paul Overduin, Lasse Sander, Karen H. Wiltshire. - 5. New Horizons for Lena Expeditions - The New Research Station Samoylov Island. - Prime Minister V. V. Putin Visits Samoylov Island (P-Day) / Hanno Meyer, Thomas Opel, Alexander Yu. Dereviagin, Svetlana Yu. Evgrafava, Waldemar Schneider, Alexander S. Makarov, Mikhail N. Grigoriev. - The New Research Station Samoylov Island: Construction, Opening Ceremony, Facilities, and Operation / Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Igor N. Yeltsov, Anne Morgenstern. - Samoylov in International Programs and Networks - FLUX NET, GTN-P, INTERACT / Anne Morgenstern, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Julia Boike, Lars Kutzbach. - Short Overview of the Russian-German Permafrost Projects CARBOPERM and KoPf / Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Dmitry Yu. Bolshiyanov, Sebastian Zubrzycki, Ulrike Herzschuh, Guido Grosse. - Application of Remote Sensing in the Laptev Sea Region / Guido Grosse, Birgit Heim, Sofia Antonova, Julia Boike, Astrid Bracher, Alexey N. Fague, Frank Günther, Thomas Krumpen, Moritz Langer, Anne Morgenstern, Sina Muster, lngmar Nitze, Torsten Sachs. - Multidisciplinary Studies on Samoylov and Kurungnakh: Geophysics, Remote Sensing, Geology, Botanical, and Soil Studies / Igor N. Yeltsov, Alexey N. Faguet, Leonid V. Tsibizov, Vladimir A. Kashirtsev, Vladimir V. Olenchenko, Andrey A. Kartozia, Nikolay N. Lashchinskiy. - Deep lnsights into the Past Terrestrial Permafrost Drilling Campaigns / Jens Strauss, Mikhail N. Grigoriev, Paul Overduin, Georgii Maximov, Guido Grosse, Alexey N. Fague, Leonid Tsibizov, Lutz Schirrmeister. - Long-Term Measurements of Land-Atmosphere Fluxes of Energy, Water, and Greenhouse Gases from 2002 until Today and Beyond / David Holl, Julia Boike, Torsten Sachs, Peter Schreiber, Niko Bornemann, Christian Wille, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer, Irina V. Fedorova, Lars Kutzbach. - Carbon Turnover of Thawing Permafrost in the Lena Delta / , Russische Ausgabe in kyrillischer Schrift
    Location: AWI Reading room
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    Location: AWI Reading room
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  • 3
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Moskau
    Call number: MOP 17669
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 91 S : zahlr. Ill.
    Series Statement: Ak. d. Wiss. UdSSR, Arbeiten d. Geophys. Inst. 6(133)
    Language: Russian
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 4
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Leningrad : Gidrometeorolog. Izd.
    Call number: MOP 33767
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 663 S.
    Language: Russian
    Note: In kyrill. Schr., russ.
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  • 5
    Call number: MOP 19538/1d-6d
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 111 S.
    ISSN: 0486-2287
    Language: Russian
    Note: In kyrill. Schr.
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  • 6
    Call number: MOP 20832
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 102 S.
    Language: Russian
    Note: In kyrill. Schr.
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  • 7
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Moskva : Izdatel'stvo Politechničeskogo muzeja
    Call number: AWI E1-16-90310
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 172, [1] Seiten , Illustrationen
    ISBN: 978-5-98962-037-1
    Language: Russian
    Note: In kyrill. Schr.
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  • 8
    Call number: M 17.90783
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 358 Seiten , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 9785020384132
    Language: Russian
    Note: Zusammenfassung, Einführung und Inhaltsverzeichnis auch in engl. Sprache
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  • 9
    Call number: AWI Bio-17-90819
    Description / Table of Contents: The authors completed collecting and arranging plates of photomicrographs for common pollen and spores in Quaternary strata. Given China's vast territory, complex vegetation types, a variety of plants, and polen grains with similar morphology probably produced by different plant species in different regions. We have organized this book's photomicrographs of pollen grains and spores in the division of China into five regions, i.e. northwest,northern, southeast, south and southwest China. Photomicrographs of pollen grains and spores in each region are arranged by plant classification system i.e. in order of algae, bryophyte, pteridophyte, gymnosperm, and angiosperm. All 409 plates of color photomicrographs for pollen grains and spores are finally illustrated and described.
    Description / Table of Contents: 本书整理编排了我国第四纪地层常见的孢粉类型显微照相图版,按照西北、北方、东南、华南和西南五个大区编排,并对这些区域的现代植被、第四纪植被史做了简要概述,还重点叙述了各地区第四纪主要孢粉类型、特点以及常见孢粉种类的鉴定形态特征。共分三章,第一章为我国各地区现代植被和第四纪植被概述,重点叙述了古植被与古气候的演变历史;第二章介绍本图鉴中所列出的各地区主要第四纪孢粉类型及其特点,并对不同地区常见孢粉种类
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 620 Seiten , zahlreiche Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9787030505682
    Language: Chinese , Latin
    Note: Contents: Preface. - Chapter 1: Overview of modern and Quaternary vegetation in China. - 1.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Shen Caiming. - 1.1.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.1.1.1 Gobi desert and desert vegetation in eastern Xinjiang. - 1.1.1.2 Extremely arid desert and shrubland vegetation in the Qaidam Basin. - 1.1.1.3 Arid desert shrub and semi-shrub vegetation in the Hexi Corridor. - 1.1.1.4 Sylvosteppe or pine-oak forest in the transitional region between semi-humid and semi-arid monsoonal climate of temperate zone in the Loess Plateau. - 1.1.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.1.2.1 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Qinghai. - 1.1.2.2 Holocene vegetation succession of steppe/meadow in north Xizang (Tibet). - 1.1.2.3 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the Loess Plateau. - 1.1.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Xinjiang. - 1.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu and Li Chunhai. - 1.2.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.2.1.1 Coniferous and broadleaved forest and meadow of temperate zone in Northeast China. - 1.2.1.2 Oak forest of river valley, Chinese pine forest, and shrub steppe in the lower valley of Liaohe River, North China plain, southern Shanxi, and central Shaanxi plain. - 1.2.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.2.2.1 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in North China. - 1.2.2.2 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Northeast China. - 1.3 Southeast region / Shu Junwu and Tang Lingyu. - 1.3.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.3.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.3.2.1 Vegetation succession since the mid-Pleistocene in Hubei. - 1.3.2.2 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the lower valley of the Yangtze River. - 1.3 .2.3 Forest succession since the last glaciation in southeast coast of Fujian. - 1.3.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the central Taiwan. - 1.4 South region / Mao Limi, Tang Lingyu and Shen Cairning. - 1.4.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.4.1.1 Vegetation in the southern zone of middle subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest. - 1.4.1.2 Vegetation in the zone of south subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest. - 1.4.1.3 Tropical semi-evergreen monsoonal forest and tropical monsoonal forest. - 1.4.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.4.2.1 Vegetation in the Zhujiang delta and Chaozhou plain since the Pleistocene recorded by pollen and spores. - 1.4.2.2 Vegetation and climate since the late Pleistocene in Leizhou Peninsula and Holocene vegetation and climate in Hainan Island. - 1.4.2.3 Late Quaternary pollen and spores, vegetation and climate records in the South. - 1.4.2.4 Vegetation and climate since the late Pleistocene in Hong Kong. - 1.5 Southwest region / Shu Junwu, Tang Lingyu and Shen Caiming. - 1.5.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.5.1.1 Vegetation of evergreen broadleaved forest in the Yunnan , Guizhou and western Sichuan Plateau. - 1.5.1.2 Vegetation of coniferous forest in southeast Xizang. - 1.5.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.5.2.1 Holocene vegetation in northwest Yunnan. - 1.5.2.2 Vegetation and monsoonal climate history since the late Pleistocene in western and south-central Yunnan. - 1.5.2.3 Holocene vegetation in western Sichuan. - 1.5.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in Guizhou. - 1.5.2.5 Vegetation and monsoonal climate history since the late Pleistocene in southeastern Xizang. - Chapter 2 Main types of Quaternary pollen and spores and their characteristics in different regions of China. - 2.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Mao Limi. - 2.1.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Northwest China. - 2.1.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Northwest China. - 2.1.2.1 Identifiable features of main Compositae pollen types. - 2.1.2.2 Identifiable features of Artemisia, Tamarix, and Zygophyllum pollen. - 2.1.2.3 Identifiable features of Rhamnus, Hippophae, and Elaeagnus pollen. - 2.1.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary spores and pollen in Northwest China. - 2.1.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Northwest China. - 2.1.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Northwest China. - 2.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu. - 2.2.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Northern China. - 2.2.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Northern China. - 2.2.2.1 Identification keys of pollen morphology for several saccate genera of Pinaceae. - 2.2.2.2 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for genera of Betulaceae. - 2.2.2.3 Identifiable features of tricolpate pollen from Salix and Cruciferae. - 2.2.2.4 Identifiable features of tricolpate pollen from Ranunculaceae and Labiatae. - 2.2.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary spores and pollen in Northern China. - 2.2.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Northern China. - 2.2.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Northern China. - 2.3 Southeast region / Tang Lingyu and Shu Junwu. - 2.3.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.2.1 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.2 Identification keys of pollen morphology for several genera of Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.3 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for several genera of Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.4 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for several genera of tropical and subtropical. - 2.3.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Southeast China. - 2.3.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Southeast China. - 2.4 South region / Mao Limi and Tang Lingyu. - 2.4.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.2 Identifiable features of main Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.2.1 Modern distribution and paleophytogeography of Sonneratia and its identifiable features of pollen morphology. - 2.4.2.2 Modern distribution and paleoecology significance of Rhizophoraceae and its identifiable features of pollen morphology. - 2.4.3 Photomicrographs and descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.5 Southwest region / Tang Lingyu and Shu Junwu. - 2.5.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.2 Identifiable feature of main Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.2.1 Plant distribution and pollen features of Pinaceae in Southwest China. - 2.5.2.2 Identification keys of pollen morphology for Pinaceae. - 2.5.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.3.1 Photomicrographs for common pollen in Southwest China. - 2.5.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - Chapter 3 Plates and descriptions of Quaternary pollen and spores in different region of China. - 3.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Mao Limi. - Spores of the pteridophyte Plates 1-3. - Gymnosperm pollen Plates 3-10. - Angiosperm pollen Plates 11-63. - 3.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu and Li Chunhai. - Spores of the algae Plates 1-3. - Spores of the bryophyte Plate 4. - Spores of the pteridophyte Plates 5-9. - Gymnosperm pollen Plates 9-24. - Angiosperm pollen Plates 25-63. - 3.3 Southeast region / Tang Lingyu, Zhou Zhongze and
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  • 10
    Call number: AWI NBM-17-91184
    Description / Table of Contents: The Atlas content is presented by 8 large sections and 39 subsections which present characteristics of the key glaciological regions; there are also two auxiliary subsections: introductory one and the reference part that is indicator of geographical regions. The whole material is placed on the 590 pages of the Atlas. Themes and subjects of the maps are given in a system of three levels which one with corresponding number of base scales and, respectively, the territorial coverage. In addition to a possibility to look through all digital maps, any user can also see original vector layers in the format of shp. files which are saved in decimal degrees .This makes possible to project the data into any view, to design own project, to transform the data into other GIS-formats, to analyze the information together with own or other data with geographical conjunction .
    Type of Medium: Non-book medium
    Pages: 1 CD-ROM
    Language: Russian , English
    Note: In rus. und engl. Sprache , Teilw. in kyrill. Schr.
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  • 11
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Moskva [u. a.] ; 1.1947 -
    Call number: MOP Per 379
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    ISSN: 0372-199x
    Uniform Title: Works of the Central Aerological Observatory, Moskow
    Language: Russian
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 12
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2019-04-18
    Description: Диверсификация сельского хозяйства и сокращение посевных площадей под хлопок стали отличительными чертами нынешней стратегии модернизации в Узбекистане спустя два с половиной десятилетия производства хлопка под государственным контролем. В контексте реформ сельскохозяйственной политики цель данной аналитической записки состоит в оценке успехов реструктуризации фермерских хозяйств. Кроме того, в ней ставится вопрос о том, что должны сделать лица, разрабатывающие политику, для повышения конкурентоспособности сельского хозяйства, вместе с тем не упуская из виду социальные последствия реформ. После первоначального сокращения размеров бывших колхозов и достижения номинальной самообеспеченности зерном в 1990-е годы, правительством прилагаются усилия в поиске новой модели для сектора фермерских хозяйств. В январе 2019 года правительство инициировало очередной этап консолидации фермерских хозяйств. Лицам, разрабатывающим политику, рекомендуется сосредоточиться не на отпределенных типах или размерах фермерских хозяйств, а на обеспечении фермеров доступом к неискаженным рыночным сигналам и к оптимальному набору содействующих государственных услуг. Поэтапная либерализация рынков продукции и факторов производства будет способствовать достижению этой цели. Для достижения успешных преобразований в сельском хозяйстве этот процесс должен быть дополнен государственными услугами, отвечающими потребностям различных сельскохозяйственных производителей. Эти преобразования будут важны для производителей сектора домашних хозяйств, которые, вероятно, оценят более широкие возможности получения несельскохозяйственных доходов в результате реформ, выходящих за рамки сельскохозяйственного сектора.
    Description: After two and a half decades of state-mandated cotton production, the diversification of agriculture and the downsizing of the cotton area have become prominent features of Uzbekistan's current modernization strategy. Given the momentum of agricultural policy reform, this policy brief aims to evaluate the success of farm restructuring so far. Moreover, it asks what policymakers should do next to promote agricultural competitiveness without losing sight of the social consequences of reform. After initial downsizing of the former collective farms and achieving nominal self-sufficiency in grain during the 1990s, the government has struggled to find a new model for its farming sector. In January 2019, the government initiated a new wave of farm consolidation. Rather than targeting at a particular type or size of farm organization, policymakers are recommended to focus instead on ensuring that all farmers receive undistorted market signals and have access to an optimal set of supporting public services. Stepwise liberalization of output and factor markets will contribute to this goal, and it needs to be complemented by better tailored public services to Uzbekistan's heterogeneous farming sector to lead to a successful agricultural transformation. The latter is especially important for household producers who will likely appreciate better non-farm income opportunities generated by reforms that go beyond the agricultural sector.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: Bu çalışmanın amacı uluslararası emtia piyasalarından kaynaklanan asimetrik ve doğrusal olmayan fiyat hareketlerinin iç fiyatlara geçişkenliğini Türkiye için ölçmektir. Bu amaçla 2003M02-2015M02 dönemine ait aylık bazda(145 gözlem) çeşitli uluslararası emtia fiyatları(petrol ve gıda fiyatları) ve iç fiyatları temsilen tüketici fiyat endeksleri ele alınmıştır. Çalışmanın ekonometrik tahminlemesinde yakın zamanda geliştirilen Doğrusal Olmayan Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif (NARDL) Modeli kullanılmıştır. Böylece uluslararası emtia fiyatlarının pozitif ve negatif “Kısmi Ayrıştırma Toplamları” kullanılarak kısa ve uzun dönem doğrusalsızlık ve asimetrik etkiler eşanlı olarak test edilmektedir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre uluslararası petrol ve gıda fiyatlarından yurtiçi enflasyon oranlarına doğru asimetrik bir fiyat geçişkenliğinin olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Öte yandan, pozitif ve negatif uluslararası emtia fiyat şoklarına karşı iç fiyatların verdiği kısmi tepkiler “Asimetrik Dinamik Hızlandıran” yaklaşımı kullanılarak ölçülmektedir. Buna göre yurtiçi enflasyon oranlarının petrol ve gıda fiyat şoklarına verdiği tepki asimetrik ve sırasıyla 20 ve 15 ay olduğu görülmüştür.
    Description: The aim of this paper is to measure asymetric and nonlinear pass-through of international commodity prices to internal prices in the Turkish case. For this purpose, monthly data set of various international commodity prices(oil and food prices) and internal prices (ie. consumer price indices) fort the period 2003M02-2015M02 (145 observations) are utilized. The econometric estimation of the study is based on the recently developed NARDL Model. This model offers a proper possibility to simultaneously test the short and long-run nonlinearity through positive and negative 'Partial Sum Decompositions' of the international commodity prices to internal prices (ie. consumer price indices). According to our findings, it is concluded that there is a pass-through from international oil and food prices to domestic prices or inflation rate in an asymmetrical sense. The NARDL Model, in hand, also allows us to quantify the respective responses of the internal prices to positive and negative commodity price shocks from the 'Asymetric Dynamic Multipliers'. Hence, domestic inflation rates' response to international oil and food prices is asymmetrical respectively in 20-month and 15-month periods.
    Keywords: C22 ; Q40 ; Q47 ; ddc:330 ; international commodity price shocks ; NARDL Model ; asymetric pass-through ; Uluslararası emtia fiyat şokları ; NARDL Modeli ; asimetrik geçişkenlik
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 14
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: Bu yazıda özellikle iktisat alanında değişmenin önemini vurgulayan açıklamalar sunacağım. Açıklamalarımda önce dünyada ve Türkiye’de özellikle son zamanlarda yaşanan değişimleri özetleyeceğim. Sonra sırasıyla kapitalizmde, teknolojide, küreselleşmede ve iktisat biliminde meydana gelen, önemli saydığım değişmeleri anlatacağım. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 15
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Description: Bu calisma, Turkiye'nin 2001 krizi sonrasinda uyguladigi maliye politikasina butce harcamalari perspektifinden baktiktan sonra, 2016 ve sonrasinda beklenen dusuk buyume doneminde genisleyici bir maliye politikasinin ekonomik buyume uzerindeki etkilerini tartismaktadir. Calismanin son bolumunde ise kamu harcamalarinin buyumeye katki verecek sekilde dagitilmasi, dinamik bir model cercevesinde incelenmektedir. Sonuclar, 2001 sonrasinda izlenen maliye politikasinin butce disiplini uzerindeki olumlu etkilerini gostermekle beraber, son donemde butcenin harcama katiliginda ve yapisal butce dengesinde bazi olumsuzluklari da tartismaya acmaktadir. Bununla beraber, mevcut kamu borc stoku ve butce disiplini altinda, kamunun tuketim harcamalari yoluyla onumuzdeki dusuk buyume doneminde ekonomiye bir ivme kazandirabilecegi sonucu da elde edilmektedir. Yuksek buyume doneminde ise genisleyici bir maliye politikasinin olumsuz bir etki yapacagi da bulgular arasindadir. Kamu harcamalarinin dagiliminin incelendigi son bolumde, kamunun uretimi arttiracak altyapi yatirimlarina daha fazla agirlik vermesi gerektigi bulunmaktadir. Egitim ve sagliga ayrilan kamu sermaye stokunun buyume uzerindeki etkileri ise fiziksel altyapi yatirimlarina ayrilan kamu sermaye stoku kadar yuksek degildir. Harcama dagilimi ile ilgili bir baska bulgu ise kamunun sermaye yatirimlarina daha fazla agirlik verirken hane halki transferlerini azaltmasi gerektigidir. Son olarak, kamunun idari harcamalarinda verimlilik yoluyla saglanacak bir azalmanin toplumsal fayda uzerinde onemli ve pozitif etkileri gorulmektedir. Bu sonuc da, onumuzdeki donemde kamu verimliligini arttirip idari harcamalari kisacak onlemlerin bir politika onceligi olmasi gerektigini soylemektedir.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 16
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-14
    Description: With the transition to a market economy, there have been fundamental changes in the agriculture of Uzbekistan. At the onset of agricultural reforms, state farms were transformed into public, then into cooperative farms, i.e. shirkats. Finally, after the latter were disagregated, special attention was paid to the development of individual and dehkan farms via introduction of private property. At the same time, inter-farm economic relations formed over a decade had a negative impact on the development of agriculture. Economic relations with processing industries and enterprises became obstacles to the development of agriculture. Processing industries, as well as farms- monopolies did not timely pay for the delivered raw materials, prolonged the timing of product acceptance, set high prices for delivered services, and procured raw inputs at low prices. As a result, this led to the loss of production, increased costs, decreased quality of raw materials, and of course, to deterioration of farm incomes. To respond to this, a number of decrees were adopted. These documents repeatedly noted the need for cooperation between newly-established individual farms, and also discussed its role and importance in the societal development. To realize the above tasks set for the agrarian and industrial sectors of Uzbekistan, it was necessary to unite small farms into larger agricultural cooperatives in production, processing, storage, transportation and marketing activities. The creation of specialized cooperatives will solve a number of socio-economic problems, i.e. first of all, ensure integration of producers and consumers, reduce transaction costs, and reduce marketing channels which lower farm gate prices. The activities that combine efforts of a group of agricultural producers will increase the efficiency of resource use.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; land reform ; shirkat farms ; cooperatives ; individual farms ; dekhkans ; agricultural cooperative
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2017-11-08
    Description: В условиях развития глобального экономического кризиса проблемы занятости населения, безработицы и мобильности трудовых ресурсов в Казахстане приобретают все большую актуальность и всегда находятся в центре внимания научной, общественной, политической и хозяйственной деятельности соответствующих ведомств, организаций и предприятий. В кризисный период в целях защиты граждан от безработицы государством была разработана стратегия, которую можно условно охарактеризовать, как «стратегия выживания». Данная стратегия направлена на реализацию государственных программ: создания социальных рабочих мест, переобучения и переподготовки специалистов, и организации молодежной практики. В исследовании проводилось интервью с работниками акиматов, сельскохозяйственных ведомств, сельскими предпринимателями и представителями несельскохозяйственного бизнеса в Южно-Казахстанской области (ЮКО). Основными направлениями развития несельскохозяйственного бизнеса в сельской местности ЮКО являются переработка сельскохозяйственного сырья и продукции, торгово-закупочная деятельность, общественное питание в сельских населенных пунктах (придорожные магазины и кафе) и их бытовое обслуживание, строительство жилых и производственных построек, производство товаров народных промыслов, транспортные услуги. Развитие несельскохозяйственного бизнеса на селе будет содействовать диверсификации хозяйственной деятельности в сельской экономике, расширению источников формирования доходной базы местных бюджетов, повышению устойчивости развития сельских территорий в части расширения масштабов занятости и развития самозанятости сельского населения, а также повышению уровня его жизни.
    Description: As a result of the on-going global economic crisis, issues of employment, unemployment and labor mobility in Kazakhstan are becoming increasingly important and remain central to the scientific, public, political and economic activities of relevant departments, organizations and enterprises. In order to protect citizens from unemployment during the crisis, the state developed what can be described as a "survival strategy". This strategy aims at implementing state programs for the creation of social work places, the training of specialists, and the organization of youth internships. The study is based on interviews with workers from akimats and agricultural departments, rural entrepreneurs, and representatives of non-agricultural business in the South Kazakhstan province (SKP). The main areas of non-agricultural business in rural areas of SKP are processing of agricultural raw materials and products, trading and procurement activities, public catering in rural settlements (roadside shops and cafes) and related services, construction of residential and industrial facilities, handcrafts, and transport services. Non-agricultural business development in rural areas will contribute to the diversification of rural economic activities, expansion of sources of local budget revenues, increased sustainability of rural development via greater employment and self-employment opportunities, as well as raising the living standards of the rural population.
    Keywords: P41 ; J60 ; J68 ; ddc:330 ; Занятость ; несельскохозяйственный бизнес ; сельская местность ; стратегия ; господдержка ; employment ; non-agricultural business ; rural area ; strategy ; state support ; Beschäftigung ; außerlandwirtschafliche Beschäftigung ; ländlicher Raum ; Strategie ; staatliche Unterstützung
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2017-11-08
    Description: В Казахстане ежегодно государство выделяет образовательные гранты на сельскохозяйственные специальности, однако агропромышленный комплекс (АПК) до сих пор не достаточно обеспечен квалифицированными аграрными кадрами, а сельские районы остаются малопривлекательными для молодых специалистов. Реализуемая государством с 2009 года программа «С дипломом в село» по привлечению молодых кадров в сельскую местность имеет низкую эффективность и охват аграрных специальностей. Развитие современной системы аграрного образования невозможно без анализа изменений внешней среды и влияния различных факторов на конкурентоспособность выпускников. Цель аналитического исследования - анализ мотивации, стремлений и карьерных ожиданий обучающихся аграрного университета и разработка рекомендаций по мотивации, планированию карьеры, повышению трудоустройства выпускников. В процессе исследования применялись общенаучные и статистические методы анализа, приемы сравнений и обобщений, особое место занимает метод анкетного опроса. По результатам исследования определяющими факторами выбора университета и специальности выступают домашние факторы. Среди бакалавров и магистрантов еще присутствуют не определившиеся с выбором профессии, более половины бакалавров не имеют четких карьерных планов, а их карьерные ожидания зачастую завышены. Большинство обучающихся хотят работать в городе, а его основными причинами выступают неудовлетворенность размером будущей зарплаты, экономическими и социально-бытовыми условиями села. Для достижения высокой конкурентоспособности и трудоустройства выпускников аграрных университетов рекомендуется усилить работу по формированию мотивированного контингента обучающихся, оказание помощи в построении карьерных планов бакалавров введением курсов по карьерному планированию, совершенствовать государственные программы занятости молодежи, включить в них больше нужных селу аграрных специальностей, развивать студенческое предпринимательство, практикоориентированное обучение, улучшить социально-бытовые условия села, повышение оплаты аграрного труда, расширение возможностей для карьерного роста молодых специалистов в АПК.
    Description: In Kazakhstan, the state allocates educational grants for agricultural specialties annually, but agriculture lacks qualified experts, and rural areas remain unattractive for young specialists. The 2009 program "With a diploma to the village" seeking to attract young professionals to the countryside has had low success. The modernization of the agricultural education system would be impossible without an analysis of the external environment and various factors influencing the competitiveness of graduates. This study aims to analyze the motivation, aspirations and career expectations of students at agrarian universities and to develop recommendations for career planning and increasing the employment rates of graduates. General scientific and statistical methods were used, based on a student survey. According to the study results, domestic factors determine the choices students make in terms of university and specialty. Among Bachelor and Master students, there are still those who have not yet decided on an eventual profession. Over half of the undergraduate respondents have no clear career plans, and often unrealistic career expectations. The majority of the respondents are interested in urban jobs due to dissatisfaction with rural wage levels and living conditions. To achieve high levels of competitiveness and employment among agricultural university graduates, the following is recommended: improve students' motivation, facilitate the career plans of Bachelor students by introducing career planning courses, strengthen youth employment programs, include more agricultural specialties that are needed in rural areas, develop student entrepreneurship and practice-oriented training, improve rural living conditions, increase rural wages, and expand opportunities for career growth for young specialists in agriculture.
    Keywords: I20 ; I21 ; I23 ; I28 ; ddc:330 ; Cельскохозяйственное образование ; мотивация ; карьерные ожидания ; agricultural education ; motivation ; career expectations ; Agrarausbildung ; Motivation ; Karriereerwartungen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2017-11-08
    Description: Перед агропромышленным комплексом Казахстана стоят кардинальные задачи по устойчивому развитию и наращиванию сельскохозяйственного производства, увеличению выпуска экспортоориентированной, конкурентоспособной продукции и обеспечению продовольственной безопасности страны. Сегодня для решения поставленных задач перед АПК страны принята Государственная программа развития АПК на 2017–2021 годы и внедряются в производство новые Законы «О сельскохозяйственных кооперативах», «О пастбищах» и др. Особое внимание в этих документах уделяется созданию крупных товарных хозяйств на основе кооперации. Анализ современного состояния развития сельского хозяйства в республике показал, что мелкие крестьянские хозяйства, состоящие из одной семьи или из группы людей, слабо оснащенные материально-техническими средствами, в одиночестве без объединений общих сил не в состоянии вести расширенное производство и установить межотраслевые связи в процессе производства и переработки. Эти хозяйства не в состоянии самостоятельно решать проблемы повышения конкурентоспособности производимой ими продукции, внедрения инноваций, поставок безопасных для здоровья населения продуктов питания и лишены возможности получать услуги высококвалифицированных специалистов. Основными сдерживающими факторами развития кооперативного движения в республике являются недостаточные меры государственной поддержки сельского хозяйства, кадрового обеспечения, несовершенство правого законодательства, налогообложения и отсутствие механизмов организации взаимоотношений внутри кооператива. Для реализации поставленных выше задач перед АПК страны, необходимо объединить мелкие крестьянские хозяйства в крупные сельскохозяйственные кооперативы по производству, переработке, хранению, транспортировке и сбыту сельскохозяйственной продукции.
    Description: Kazakhstan's agriculture aims to achieve sustainable development and agricultural production growth, increased production of export and competitive products, and ensure national food security. To implement these tasks, the State Program for Agricultural Development for 2017-2021 has been adopted, and new laws "On agricultural cooperatives", "On pastures", etc. are being introduced. Particular attention is paid to the creation of large farms based on cooperation. The analysis of the current state of agricultural development showed that small peasant farms, consisting of one family or a group of people, poorly equipped with inputs and technical means, cannot expand production and establish inter-industrial links in production and processing. These farms lack capacity to independently address the issues of increasing competitiveness of their products, introduce innovations, supply healthy food, and access high quality services. The main constraining factors in the development of cooperatives in Kazakhstan are insufficient measures of state support of agriculture, personnel provision, imperfect legislation and taxation, and the absence of organizational mechanisms of intra-cooperative linkages. In order to fulfill these tasks, it is necessary to unite small peasant farms to form large agricultural cooperatives in production, processing, storage, transportation and marketing of agricultural products.
    Keywords: P41 ; P47 ; Q15 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; Кооперация ; крестьянские (фермерские) хозяйства ; коллективизация ; реформа ; cooperation ; peasant farms ; collectivization ; reforms ; Kooperation ; kleinbäuerliche Betriebe ; Kollektivierung ; Reformen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 20
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 21
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: D31 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 23
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Language: Turkish
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  • 24
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2017-03-17
    Description: C 1-го февраля 2015 г. экспорт пшеницы из России облагается дополнительным налогом с целью сократить объемы вывозимой за рубеж продукции. Это предпринято в рамках противодействия высоким ценам на пшеницу на внутреннем рынке, а также для стабилизации цен на хлеб. Однако, недавний опыт в разных странах, включая Украину, Казахстан, Сербию, да и саму Россию, показывает, что ограничения на экспорт зерна оказывают лишь незначительное влияние или вовсе не влияют на цены на хлеб. Даже для бедных слоев населения такие меры государственного вмешательства не приносят ничего хорошего. Напротив, это отрезает российское зерновое хозяйство от международных рынков, снижается объем необходимых инвестиций в зерновой сектор, что противоречит положениям доктрины продовольственной безопасности. Такая форма государственного протекционизма не может не вызывать обеспокоенности. Ведь именно в условиях сегодняшнего падения российской экономики дестабилизация стратегически важного зернового сектора, безусловно, не способствует улучшению инвестиционного климата в России.
    Description: Since 1 February 2015, an additional tax has been levied on Russian wheat exports to reduce the recently strongly rising wheat exports. The aim is to dampen further increases in the already high domestic wheat prices and to stabilise bread prices. However, recent experiences in various countries as Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Serbia, and Russia show that grain export restrictions do little if anything to moderate bread prices. Poor people will also fail to profit from this governmental market intervention. Instead, grain export barriers will disconnect the Russian grain producers from the international markets while necessary investments in the grain sector decline which decreases food security. This form of protectionism by the government is ample cause for serious concern. Considering the current downswing in the Russian economy, the destabilisation of the strategically important grain sector will most certainly not improve the investment climate in Russia.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2017-01-28
    Description: В период независимого развития в Узбекистане производство пшеницы достигло восьмикратного роста, в то время как ее посевные площади увеличились почти в три раза. Рост валовых показателей не привел к улучшению качества пшеницы и повышению рентабельности ее производства для фермерских хозяйств. Существующая арендная система землепользователя перегружена дополнительными обязательствами для арендаторов, что снижает их мотивацию. При этом надо иметь в виду, что официальная статистика по производству пшеницы не достоверна. Главный вопрос для сельского хозяйства Узбекистана не в том, какая форма организации сельскохозяйственного производства лучше и не в размерах земельных участков, а в механизме закупок сельскохозяйственной продукции для государственных нужд и гарантиях прав собственности для субъектов сельскохозяйственного производства. Реформы в системе обязательного государственного заказа по хлопку и пшенице могли бы повысить стимулы к эффективному землепользованию у фермеров и расширить их возможности по диверсификации производства за счет увеличения посевов альтернативных культур (плодоовощные, кормовые и пр.), и тем самым увеличить экспортный потенциал сельскохозяйственного сектора.
    Description: During the period of independence following the collapse of the Soviet Union, official statistics show that wheat production in Uzbekistan increased eightfold, while the sown area almost tripled. This, however, had no positive impact on either the quality of the wheat or its profitability for the newly established farms. Currently the land tenure system overloads farmers with additional obligations and, thus, further reduces their economic incentives. The main question that needs to be asked, therefore, is how this increase in wheat production came about. Factors that could have led to this are the new organizational form of agricultural production, the change in farm size, the mechanism of state procurement of agricultural output as well as land tenure insecurity for farmers. In addition, one also needs to question the reliability of official statistics on wheat production and the accuracy of this expansion. Reforms in the system of obligatory state production targets in cotton and wheat could increase farmers' incentives for more efficient land use and expand their capacities for crop diversification towards high value crops such as fruits, vegetables and fodder. This would also have a direct effect on the export potential of the agricultural sector.
    Keywords: P41 ; P47 ; Q15 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; продовольственная политика ; система госзаказа ; диверсификация сельского хозяйства ; экспортный потенциал ; Узбекистан ; food policy ; state procurement system ; agricultural diversification ; export potential ; Uzbekistan
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  • 26
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2017-01-28
    Description: Данный отчет представляет основные моменты земельной реформы и аграрной реструктуризации в Туркменистане. В первой части отчета основное внимание уделяется описанию хода аграрной реформы с представлением хронологии основных осуществленных мер аграрной политики, а также рассмотрена организация поставки материалов и ресурсов в сельскохозяйственное производство. Центральная часть отчета отведена на описание изменений в структуре посевов, а также динамики развития различных категорий сельскохозяйственных производителей и их вклад в развитие аграрного сектора и продовольственной безопасности страны. Как показывает исследование, земельная реформа и аграрная реструктуризация в стране в целом проводились со значительными функциями государства в регулировании этих процессов. На основе реформирования сельского хозяйства за период с 1992-2013 гг. общая посевная площадь в стране возросла на 25 %, в то время как, крестьянские объединения остаются основной категорией в сфере производства сельскохозяйственной продукции, базирующейся на арендной системе земледелие с целью выполнения государственного заказа стратегических культур.
    Description: This report presents the main issues of land reform and agricultural restructuring in Turkmenistan. The first part of the report focuses on the progress of agrarian reform by providing a chronicle of the main agricultural policies, before presenting an overview of the organizational structure of input and resource supply in agriculture. The main body describes the changes in cropping pattern, and the development of different types of agricultural producers by highlighting their contribution to sectoral development and food security. The study shows that land reforms and agricultural restructuring in Turkmenistan were carried out under the central role of the state. As a result of the progress of agricultural reforms, the total sown area in Turkmenistan expanded by 25 %. However, peasant associations based on the land lease system, remain the main farm category in agricultural production and are assigned the primary task of fulfilling the state order in strategic crops.
    Keywords: P41 ; P47 ; Q15 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; продовольственная политика ; реструктуризация хозяйств ; диверсификация сельского хозяйства ; food policy ; farm restructuring ; agricultural diversification
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2017-01-28
    Description: Основная цель данной статьи - представить изменения в хлопковом секторе Таджикистана и роль диверсификации в сельском хозяйстве с момента обретения независимости. В первой части данной статьи представлена информация об изменениях в госрегулировании производства хлопка с момента независимости, включая динамику закупочных цен на хлопок-сырец, а также описание особенностей процесса приватизации хлопкоочистительных заводов. Также представлена картина изменений в основных категориях сельскохозяйственных производителей и их вклад в производство сельскохозяйственной продукции, и дано описание организационных изменений, которые произошли в секторах поставки материалов и производственных ресурсов. В следующей части статьи представлены вопросы государственной политики и меры по продовольственной безопасности по основным сельхозкультурам и их влияние на структуру сельского хозяйства. В этом плане дана оценка недавних реформ в сельскохозяйственном секторе, направленных на диверсификацию производства сельскохозяйственных культур; а также отражены вопросы продовольственной безопасности и экспорта сельхозпродукции на новые рынки.
    Description: The main aim of this report is to present the recent changes in the Tajik cotton sector, and the impact of agricultural diversification on food security and export promotion. The first part provides information about the changes in the state regulation of cotton production, including the dynamics of raw cotton prices, and privatization of ginneries. The second part focuses on the transformation of major categories of agricultural producers, their contribution to agricultural output, as well as related organizational changes and challenges in the input and resource supply sectors. The last section discusses the policy issues and food security concerns that have been influencing the structure of agriculture. In this respect, the report assesses the recent reforms towards diversification of crop production, reflecting on the issues of food security and agricultural exports to new markets.
    Keywords: P41 ; P47 ; Q15 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; продовольственная политика ; диверсификация сельского хозяйства ; экспортный потенциал ; Таджикистан ; food policy ; agricultural diversification ; export potential ; Tajikistan
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2017-03-17
    Description: Пункт 68 преамбули Регламенту (ЄС) № 1306/2013 містить вимогу: «Кожен захід Спільної аграрної політики (САП) має контролюватися й оцінюватися з метою покращення його якості та демонстрації його дієвості» (Verordnung (EU) Nr. 1306/2013). У даній аналітичній записці досліджується, чи може Інформаційна мережа сільськогосподарського бухгалтерського обліку (ІМСБ) (англ. Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) / нім. Informationsnetz Landwirtschaftlicher Buchführungen (INLB), яка згідно офіційного повідомлення має використовуватись в якості основи для оцінки політики, також застосовуватись для кількісної оцінки впливу прямих платежів на офіційні аграрнополітичні цілі. Дані ІМСБ внаслідок особливостей вибірки є непридатними для оцінки прямих платежів. По-перше, вибірка для відбору підприємств для ІМСБ здійснюється не з усієї сукупності підприємств, що отримують прямі платежі. Отже, за допомогою цих даних не може бути визначений вплив для однієї групи сільськогосподарських підприємств. По-друге, і, можливо, важливіше, за допомогою цих даних охоплюється так званий «сільськогосподарський дохід» (дохід від сільськогосподарської діяльності), а не дохід фермерів. По-третє, збір даних змінився з плином часу і наразі у визначенні існують значні розбіжності між державами-членами ЄС. Дана аналітична записка демонструє принципові проблеми і звертає увагу на показові проблеми з даними окремих країн. Даний аналіз веде до висновку, що сучасний масив даних ІМСБ є непридатним для оцінки впливу прямих платежів на доходи. Результат дослідження співпадає з аналізом, проведеним Європейською рахунковою палатою (European Court of Auditors, 2016).
    Description: According to recital (68) of the preamble to regulation (EU) No. 1306 /2013, ‘Each measure under the CAP should be subject to monitoring and evaluation in order to improve its quality and to demonstrate its achievements.’ This policy brief investigates whether the officially-declared data set for policy evaluation, the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN), can be used to assess the impact that direct payments of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) actually have on official policy objectives. It is our opinion that FADN data are inadequate to be used in policy evaluation due to the specifics of selection of the sample. First, there is a mismatch between farms that are included in the sample and farms that are entitled to receive direct payments. Second, and possibly even more importantly, the information collected, so-called farm income, does not represent farmers’ actual income. Third, the data are neither consistent in time nor between Member States. This policy brief reports on selected data problems for selected EU countries. The analysis leads to the final conclusion that the present setup of FADN data is inadequate for the data to be used to evaluate EU farm income policy. This conclusion is completely in line with the European Court of Auditors’ Report (European Court of Auditors, 2016).
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2019-04-01
    Keywords: ddc:300
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: Russian
    Type: contributiontoperiodical , doc-type:contributiontoperiodical
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  • 30
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-05
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-19
    Description: This publication highlights the development of livestock sector in Tajikistan. The paper begins with presentation of macroeconomic aspects of agricultural development pointing at the impact of transitional decline on the development of agricultural sector. At present, the share of agricultural sector in GDP is twice less than in 1990. Although, the growth rate of gross agricultural output after 2000 remains high the 1990 levels for a variety of products have not been reached yet. This applies to a variety of animal products. The development of this industry is characterized by imbalances and unbalanced development. The disproportion between livestock and feed resources is growing rapidly. The fodder capacity of summer and winter pastures decreases each year. Pasture land is degraded, and in many places this becomes irreversible. This requires the transfer of livestock to animal housing systems to give pastures the opportunity for natural restoration of green cover. To this end, the author recommends a reduction in unproductive livestock breeds, the conversion of cattle to stable housing by changing breeds, i.e. herd formations by replacing local unproductive breeds with highly productive meat and dairy breeds. In addition the author recommends to expand area under forage crops and to shift to intensive fodder production.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; livestock sector ; pastures ; Tajikistan
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-19
    Description: This publication, carried out within the framework of the project "Revitalising animal husbandry in Central Asia: A five-country analysis (ANICANET)", presents the main stages of reforms, the progress of restructuring in the animal husbandry of Turkmenistan, considers the main strategic documents on national policy in this sector and statistical indicators at national and province levels. Categories of agricultural producers, their contribution to livestock sector, the results of SWOT analysis of the situation in the sector, as well as current policy on farm production are presented. Among the conclusions of the research it is possible to point out the following: despite the high level of state regulation and the slow nature of practical reforms in the agricultural sector of Turkmenistan, over the last the share of private sector in the livestock sector increased as well as the the number of livestock and livestock output. The government promoted large projects inviting private entrepreneurs in the livestock sector. The analysis of the ongoing sectoral reforms allows to conclude that the programs and projects based on gradual decentralization and public-private partnership have a chance of success.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; livestock sector ; agricultural reforms ; Turkmenistan
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: 1914 ve 1918 yılları arasında, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu iktisadi anlamda yıkım yaratan Birinci Dünya Savaşı’na dahil olmuştu. Savaşın sonunda ülke işgal edilmiş ve işgal kuvvetleri ile çatışmalar ortaya çıkmıştı. Tarihsel çalışmalarda, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Bulgaristan’ın Eylül 1918 tarihinde yaptığı ateşkes teklifi ve iktisadi yaşamında yarattığı baskı ile savaştan çekilme noktasına geldiği iddia edilmekteydi. Yazı, çatışmaların sonlanmakta olduğu süreçteki barış çabalarının Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda ortaya çıkartmış olduğu iktisadi etkileri Tasvir-i Efkar ve Vakit gibi Osmanlı gazetelerindeki yazılar, İstanbul Borsası’na ait döviz kuru ve mal fiyatı verileri ile incelemiştir. Sonuçlar, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Ekim 1918 tarihi itibariyle savaştan çıkışına kadar olan dönem içerisinde iktisadi olarak iyileşmeler ile karşı karşıya kaldığını ifade etmektedir.
    Description: Between 1914 and 1918, the Ottoman Empire was involved in the World War I, leading to disruptions in economic life. The end of the war created the occupation of the Ottoman Empire by the Allies and struggle against the Allies' occupation. The historical literature argued that when Bulgaria asked for an armistice in September 1918, it was realized that the end of the war was approaching, as the Ottoman economy went into recession. Based on articles in the Ottoman newspapers, i.e., Tasvir-i Efkar and Vakit, in addition to data of foreign exchange rates and prices in the çIstanbul Bourse, this paper examines how the Ottoman economy was affected by the end of the World War I. The findings imply the presence of the higher economic recovery by October 1918 when the Ottoman Empire asked for armistices.
    Keywords: G1 ; N25 ; N45 ; ddc:330 ; The World War I ; the armistice of Salonica ; İstanbul Stock Exchange ; foreign exchange rates ; prices ; economic recovery ; Birinci Dünya Savaşı ; Selanik Mütarekesi ; İstanbul Borsası ; döviz kurları ; mal fiyatları ; ekonomik iyileşme
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2019-09-07
    Description: Günümüzde kültür, teknoloji, tasarım ya da insan sermayesi gibi elle tutulur faydaları muğlak olan kavramlar en çok; bir şirketin, sanat eserinin, yazılımın ya da herhangi bir ürünün finansal değerini belirlemede etkin rol oynar hale gelmiştir. Bu durum da, bu muğlaklığın hem sektörde hem de akademide analiz edilebilmesi ve ölçülebilmesi çalışmalarını tetiklemiştir. Kentteki fiziksel çevrenin değerine etki eden önemli bir girdi olan “iyi tasarım”ın ne olduğu konusu ve ölçülebilme sorunsalı da, mimarlık alanında araştırma gündemini meşgul etmeye başlamıştır. Ne kadar çok elle tutulamayan fayda tespit ve ifşa edilirse, kentlerde o kadar daha çok “iyi” tasarım olacağı hakim görüşü, bu alanda araştırma yapanları çok kapsamlı modeller geliştirmeye yöneltmiştir. Fakat, 90’lardan itibaren başlamış bu çalışmalar, ne yazık ki, daha yaşanılır kentlerin oluşup gelişmesine beklenildiği gibi etki edememiştir. Bu bağlamda, finans sektörünün bu faydaları nasıl okuduğuyla ilgili daha içsel bir anlayış elde etmek için, “değerin güç teorisi” çerçevesinde, bu teorinin merkezine aldığı köksüz transnasyonel kapitalist sınıf lehine olan diferansiyel kapitalizasyon ve stratejik sabotaj kavramlarının fiziksel mekandaki izleri aranarak konu tartışmaya açılmış ve şehirlerdeki en büyük bütçeli projeleri finanse eden %1lik mimari patronajın mülkü olan günümüz seküler mabetlerine ve uzamsal boyutlarına bu mercekten bakılmıştır. Çalışmanın çıktısı olarak; bu mabetlerin ve onları ilgilendiren uzamsal boyutun farklı aktörler için ifade ettiği farklı değerler ve bu farklı değerlerin ya da faydaların nasıl kapitalize edildiği ve neden olduğu sabotaj biçimleri detaylandırılarak açıklanmış, ayrıca literatüre provokatif bir katkı sağlamak hedeflenmiştir.
    Description: The concepts such as culture, technology, design, or human capital, the tangible benefits of which are vague, are mostly effective in setting the financial value of a company, a work of art, a software, or any product. This situation triggered both sectoral and academic studies intended for analyzing and measuring this vagueness. The subject of what the “good design” is, which is an important input affecting the value of the physical environment in the cities, and the problematic of its measurability started to occupy the architectural research agenda. The prevalent view that the more intangible benefits are detected and disclosed the more “good” designs the cities will have has prompted the people who conduct research in this field to develop very comprehensive models. However, these studies that started in the ‘90s unfortunately failed to have the expected impact on creation and development of more livable cities. In this context, to get a better insight of how the financial sector reads these benefits, the subject has been opened up for discussion within the framework of the “power theory of value”, by searching for traces of the differential capitalization and strategic sabotage concepts in the physical space, which are in favor of the rootless transnational capitalist class that is at the center of this theory and the modern-day secular temples owned by the 1% of the architectural patronage who finance the highest budget projects in cities and its spatial dimension have been seen through this lens. As an outcome of the study, different values these temples and the spatial dimension concerning them carry for different actors, and how these different values or benefits are capitalized, and the types of sabotages they cause have been explained in detail, and it has been targeted to make a provocative contribution to the literature.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; architecture ; capital as power ; differential accumulation ; capitalization ; radical imaginary ; sabotage
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2019-10-12
    Description: Livestock production accounts for 31 % of the total gross output of agriculture in Uzbekistan. This sector plays an important role in the generation of income of rural residents of the country, so the problems and prospects of its development are in the priority of agrarian policy in Uzbekistan. During the years of independence, the agrarian sector of the country has undergone significant changes. Dekhqan and individual farms have become the main agricultural producers instead of state farms and shirkats. At present more than 90 % of all livestock production is produced by small dekhkan farms. The main problem of the sector is the imbalance between the number of livestock and the amount of resources available for its maintenance. From 1992 to 2017, the number of cattle in Uzbekistan increased by 2.3 times, meat production by 2.9 times and milk yield by 2.7 times. At the same time, the sowing area for fodder crops decreased by 73 %. The area of pastures managed by agricultural producers sharply decreased. Individual farmers and dekhqans feel the lack of fodder for complete nutrition and production of dairy products. One of the factors hindering the development of dairy farming is the small size of the main part of producers in this sector. Milk is mainly produced on private household plots and for personal consumption. Small producers do not have the opportunity to introduce advanced standards of zootechnics, effectively sell their products, as well as to purchase good fodder crops. State support in the field of animal husbandry is mainly provided through preferential loans to producers of livestock products and tax benefits to processors of these products. All over the country there are veterinary stations which provide vaccination, treatment and artificial insemination of cattle to farms and dekhkan farms. At the same time, these procedures are often related to the need to incur additional costs for these activities. Artificial insemination uses a small number of agricultural producers. This report reveals the current state, problems and prospects of dairy farming development in Uzbekistan. Recommendations on improvement of the state policy in this sphere are given.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; animal husbandry ; dairy farming ; agriculture ; agri sector ; Uzbekistan
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2020-02-05
    Description: This study asks how the Ottoman bondholders traded at the Paris stock exchange evaluated the outcomes of tax and constitutional reforms, based on the data for the most traded bond's price, i.e., the Turkish unified bond, at the Paris stock exchange from 1903 to 1909. The reforms aimed at higher tax income and decreasing arbitrary implications of the Ottoman state. The data are manually collected from The Times. The findings show that the constitutional reform was negatively related to perceived risk of the investors, since there was again a parliamentary system in the Ottoman Empire to blockage the arbitrary policies.
    Keywords: G1 ; N25 ; N45 ; ddc:330 ; Tax reform ; Constitutional monarchy ; the Ottoman debt management ; Price fluctuations ; the Turkish unified bond
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2020-02-04
    Description: Повышение урожайности сельскохозяйственных культур играет решающую роль в удовлетворении растущего спроса на продовольствие в мире. Россия облада-ет значительным потенциалом увеличения сельскохозяйственного производства, не использованным в полной мере, поскольку текущая урожайность зерновых культур значительно ниже потенциально достижимой урожайности. Регион Западной Си-бири – одна из важнейших житниц России, где урожайность пшеницы особенно отстает от своего биофизического и технологического потенциала. Цель исследова-ния заключалась в оценке детерминант пространственной вариабильности урожай-ности пшеницы, основываясь на данных реальной практики земледелия сельскохо-зяйственных производителей Алтайского края в Западной Сибири. Было проведено 67 структурированных интервью о потенциальных детерминантах урожайности пшеницы с управленческим звеном сельскохозяйственных предприятий различ-ных форм собственности, включая крестьянско-фермерские хозяйства. Интервью были дополнены 149 наблюдениями, полученными на основе данных системати-ческого мониторинга сельскохозяйственного производства в Алтайском крае. В ра-боте использованы байесовские сети (БС) для представления взаимосвязей между объясняющими переменными и урожайностью пшеницы и изучения ожидаемых реакций продуктивности культуры в различных сценарных условиях. Результаты показали, что более высокая урожайность чаще достигается более крупными про-изводителями, чем средними и малыми. Результаты подтвердили наблюдения, сви-детельствующие о том, что применение удобрений и средств защиты растений, как и внедрение нового оборудования (технологий), оказывает положительное влияние на среднюю урожайность пшеницы, которая является базовой в регионе. Сценарий возрастания производственных издержек и снижения сумм осадков ожидаемо при-ведет к снижению урожайности в среднем с 7,6 до 5,3 ц/га. В целом исследование показало, что политика, направленная на увеличение урожайности сельскохозяй-ственных культур, должна учитывать развитие образовательной среды менеджеров и специалистов сельскохозяйственных предприятий и стимулировать меры по вне-сению удобрений и соблюдение рекомендаций агрономической науки. Особенный фокус государственной аграрной политики должен быть ориентирован на развитие малых форм хозяйствования. Кроме того, аграрная политика должна быть направ-лена на перспективное решение смежных проблем, одной из которых является ни-велирование происходящего усиления засушливости климата посредством внедре-ния адаптированных к засушливым условиям технологий возделывания культур.
    Description: Higher crop yields are critical to satisfy the rising global food demand. Russia holds untapped potential for increasing agricultural production because current grain yields are often far below the potentially attainable yields. Western Siberia is an important breadbasket in Russia, where wheat yields fall particularly short of their potential. Our goal was to assess the determinants of yield variations among farmers in the province of Altai Krai in Western Siberia. We conducted 67 structured in-person interviews with corporate farm managers and individual farmers about the potential determinants of wheat yields and complemented these data with 149 additional observations obtained from the provincial agricultural extension service. We used Bayesian networks (BNs) to represent the relationships between the explanatory parameters and contemporary wheat yields and to examine qualitative future scenarios of future yields. The results revealed higher yields on larger farms than on medium and small farms. Our results corroborated that the application of fertilizers and herbicides and the implementation of new equipment had large positive impacts on the yields. The scenario of higher future production costs and lower precipitation resulted in a yield reduction from 7.6 dt/ha to 5.3. Overall, our results suggest that policies aimed at increasing wheat yields should concentrate on the education of farmers and encourage higher input applications, particularly for small-scale farms. Additionally, policies should address concurrent challenges, such as a higher drought frequency, through the application of new equipment, seed material and tillage practices
    Keywords: C12 ; Q12 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; Bayesian belief network ; food security ; land-use intensity ; scenario analysis ; wheat production ; yield gap ; Russia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Russian
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  • 39
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    GFZ Германский Центр Исследований Земли
    In:  Аналитические записки «Германской водной инициативы для Центральной Азии»
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Description: Программа GIZ «Трансграничное управление водными ресурсами в Централь- ной Азии» поддерживает сотрудничество между Кыргызстаном и Таджикиста- ном по совместному управлению бассейном реки Исфары путем развития по- тенциала в области устойчивого бассейнового планирования и управления. Кроме этого, реабилитация малых инфраструктурных объектов и автоматиза- ция систем учета воды направлены на обеспечение безопасного и равномерно- го распределения водных ресурсов в бассейне. Улучшенное управление вод- ными ресурсами и модернизация инфраструктуры реки Исфары способствуют повышению осведомленности и уровня водообеспеченности более 200 000 водопотребителей в обеих странах. В комплексе с проводимыми мероприятия- ми по трансграничному сотрудничеству, предложенные меры направлены на противодействие потенциальным конфликтам по причине ограниченных оро- шаемых земель между жителями соседних государств в приграничных райо- нах, что также является следствием «водного вопроса». Программа GIZ «Трансграничное управление водными ресурсами в Централь- ной Азии» реализуется по заказу Министерства иностранных дел Германии и софинансируется Европейским Союзом.
    Language: Russian
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
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    GFZ Германский Центр Исследований Земли
    In:  Аналитические записки «Германской водной инициативы для Центральной Азии»
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Description: Уже сегодня Центральная Азия сталкива- ется с водным стрессом из-за конкуриру- ющего использования воды и преоблада- ния низкой эффективности водополь- зования. В будущем, климатические, ги- дрологические и социально-экономиче- ские изменения могут обострить ситуа- цию. Исследования, проведённые в рамках проекта CAWa показали, что на основе сценариев климатических моде- лей, изменение климата приведёт к даль- нейшему увеличению средней годовой температуры воздуха, а также температу- ры в зимний и летний периоды, и суще- ственному дальнейшему сокращению площадей покрытых ледниками, напри- мер в Тянь-Шане в бассейне р. Нарын на 20–60 % до 2050 года по сравнению с ны- нешним состоянием оледенения. Режим речного стока, как ожидается, изменится с ледниково-нивального на плювио-ни- вальный режим с увеличением стока в весеннее время и уменьшением стока в летние месяцы по наиболее пессими- стичному сценарию климатических изме- нений. К 2050 году повышение темпера- туры вызовет увеличение потребности воды для сельскохозяйственных культур на 5 –15 % для большинства традицион- ных культур в Ферганской долине. Подробный анализ сценариев для Фер- ганской долины показал, что экономика может справиться с будущими условия- ми, если (1) эффективность водопользо- вания в орошаемом земледелии увели- чится путём применения новых технологий орошения и улучшения ирри- гационной инфраструктуры, (2) исполь- зование земли отрегулируется в пользу новых товарных культур, таких как ово- щи, фрукты и виноград. Это беспрои- грышные меры по адаптации, которые экономики стран Центральной Азии должны предпринять, чтобы приспосо- биться к социально-экономическим из- менениям, даже при условии отсутствия изменений климата.
    Language: Russian
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    GFZ Германский Центр Исследований Земли
    In:  Аналитические записки «Германcкой водной инициа-тивы для Центральной Азии»
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Description: Внедрение интегрированного управления водными и земельны- ми ресурсами (ИУВЗР) в Централь- ной Азии сегодня сталкивается с существенными проблемами. Са- мой основной задачей является создание и развитие потенциала на индивидуальном и организацион- ном уровнях. Аналитическая записка описывает подходы по наращиванию потен- циала, принятые Германской во- дной инициативой для Централь- ной Азии (“Берлинский процесс”), в частности: (1) краткосрочные про- фессиональные курсы, предлагае- мые исследовательским проектом ЦАВа; (2) региональная магистер- ская программа “Интегрированное управление водными ресурсами” реализуемая в Казахстанско-Не- мецком Университете в Алматы; (3) обучающий модуль по бассей- новому планированию, разрабо- танный в рамках программы GIZ “Трансграничное Управление во- дными ресурсами в Центральной Азии”. Эти подходы в основном на- правлены на развитие потенциала на индивидуальном уровне, но про- грамма GIZ по созданию бассейно- вых речных комиссий направленa также на развитие потенциала на институциональном уровне. Ключевыми факторами успеха стали региональные и транс-секторальные подходы, принятые всеми тремя программами, объединение науки и практики, и соответствие содержа- ния тренинга практическим потреб- ностям участников.
    Language: Russian
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Format: application/pdf
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    GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
    In:  Scientific Technical Report STR
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Description: В настоящем отчете представлены некоторые результаты исследований сайт-эффектов, проведенных в Кыргызской Республике Центром им.Гельмгольца, Потсдам, Германский центр исследования Земли, Потсдам, Германия (GFZ) совместно с Центрально-Азиатским институтом прикладных исследований Земли, Бишкек, Кыргызская Республика (ЦАИИЗ). Настоящая работа была выполнена в рамках ряда таких проектов, как Компонент (Модель землетрясения в Центральной Азии, EMCA1) в Центральной Азии, разработанный по инициативе региональной программы Глобальной модели землетрясений (GEM2) . Некоторые статьи по данной тематике включены в Приложение.
    Language: Russian
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
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    GFZ Германский Центр Исследований Земли
    In:  Аналитические записки «Германcкой водной инициа-тивы для Центральной Азии»
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Description: В контексте Интегрированного Управления Водны-ми Ресурсами (ИУВР), обоснованное принятие ре-шений требует точных, своевременных, простран-ственно обширных, последовательных и понятныхнаборов данных о климате, водных и земельныхресурсах. Технологии наблюдения за поверхностьюЗемли предоставляют подобные наборы данных, атакже методы и инструменты для создания инфор-мационных продуктов высокого качества с цельюподдержки процесса планирования и принятиярешений. На основе примеров из проекта CAWaданная Аналитическая записка рекомендует ис-пользование технологий наблюдения за Землей и ихинтеграция в системы оперативного мониторинга иподдержки принятия решений в Центральной Азии.
    Language: Russian
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
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