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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Madrid : Secc
    Call number: PIK N 456-17-90913
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 536 Seiten
    Series Statement: Ministerio de Transportes Turismo Y Comunicaciones : Publicación Serie A 114
    Parallel Title: 1,1=6; 2,1=13 von Publicaciones / D / Ministerio del Aire, Subsecretaria de Aviación Civil, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
    Language: Spanish
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 2
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    Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig
    In:  SUB Göttingen | 8 Z NAT 2148
    Publication Date: 2019-03-28
    Description: Sachverzeichnis. (* bedeutet Bericht oder Referat.) : I. Physik des festen Erdkörpers. : 1. Bewegung, Aufbau der Erde und Schwere. : A. Berroth: Referenzpendelmessnngen am Salshorst Oldau-Hambühren (Hann.). S. 1. ; W. Schweydar: Die topographische Korrektion bei Schweremessungen mittels einer Torsionswage. Zweite Mitteilung. S. 17. ; M. Schuler: Schwankungen in der Länge des Tages. S.71. ; B. Wanach: Eine fortschreitende Lagenänderung der Erdachse. S. 102. ; K. Jung: Über die größte mögliche Schwankung der Schwereintensitat und die Dichte eines engmaschigen Netzes von Pendelstationen. S. 137. ; H. Schmehl: Über den Einfluß der Elastizität des Pendelstativs auf die Schwingungszeiten zweier gleichzeitig auf demselben Stativ schwingender Pendel. S. 157. ; K. Jung: Diagramme zur Bestimmung der Terrainwirkung für Pendel und Drehwage und zur Bestimmung der Wirkung „zweidimensionaler“ Massenanordnungen. S. 201. ; W. Heiskanen: Schwerkraft und isostatische Kompensation in Japan. S. 213. ; W. Heiskanen: Die Erdkrustendicke nach den Schwereanomalien. S. 217. ; K. Jung: Die Bestimmung von Lage und Ausdehnung einfacher Massenformen unter Verwendung von Gradient und Krümmungsgröße. S. 257. ; H. v. Ihering: Das Klima der Tertiärzeit. S. 365. ; A. Prey: Neue Formeln zur Isostasie. S. 369. ; H. Jung: Über die Prüfung der Isostasie durch Schweremessungen. S. 381. ; T. Schlomka: Über die Abhängigkeit der Schwerkraft vom Zwischenmedium. S. 397. ; A. Born: Die Schwereverhältnisse auf dem Meere auf Grund der Pendelmessungen von Prof. Vening Meinesz 1926. S. 400. ; 2. Gezeiten, Deformationen, Seismik. : E. Tams: Bemerkungen zu der Untersuchung von Herrn Myrbach, ob Sonnenflecken und Mondphase einen auslösenden Einfluß auf Erdbeben haben. S. 23. ; G. Angenheister: Beobachtungen bei Sprengungen. S. 28. ; C. W. Lutz: Ortsgültige Laufzeitkurven. S. 34. ; H. P. T. Rohleder: Bodenknalle in Nordirland. S. 43. ; E. Essers und Th. Kappes: Bodenerschütterungen durch Kraftfahrzeuge. S. 49. ; O. Meisser und H. Martin: Zur experimentellen Seismik. S. 106. ; H. Mothes: Seismische Dickenmessungen von Gletschereis. S. 121. ; V. Inglada: Cálculo de las coordenadas del foco sismico y del instante inicial . . . S. 195*. ; T. P. Kravetz: Über den Zusammenhang der Erdbeben mit den Polhöhenschwankungen. S. 221. ; J. Picht: Beitrag zur Theorie des Geschoßknalles. S. 224. ; H. Schnell: Ein Beitrag zum Studium der Erdbebennachläufer. S. 241. ; V. Inglada: Über die Berechnung der Herdtiefe auf Grund der Lage des Inflexionspunktes der P-Laufzeitkurve. S. 317. ; St. Mehorovičić: Über die Berechnung der Herdtiefe auf Grund der Lage des Inflexionspunktes der P-Laufzeitkurve. (Bemerkung nur Arbeit des Herrn Prof. V. Inglada.) S. 326. ; B. Gutenberg: Die Bodenunruhe durch Brandung. S. 328. ; V. Conrad: Zur Frage der Periodizität der Erdbeben. S. 339. ; E. Tams: Die seismischen Verhältnisse des offenen Atlantischen Ozeans. S. 361. ; K. Uller: Die Entwicklung des Wellenbegriffes. S. 364. ; K. Uller: Welleninduktion. S. 364. ; B. Gutenberg: Der Aufbau der Erdkruste. S. 371. ; II. Magnetisches und elektrisches Feld der Erde. : A. Wigand: Luftelektrische Aufgaben der arktischen Forschung. S. 46. ; H. Haalck: Die neue magnetische Universalwage. S. 58. ; J. Egedal: Über eine Verbindung zwischen den mondentägigen und den sonnentägigen Variationen der magnetischen Deklination. S. 80. ; H. U. Sverdrup: Ergebnisse der Messungen des Potentialgefälles auf der “Maud“-Expedition. S. 93. ; A. Nippoldt: Verteilung der örtlichen magnetischen Störungen in Europa. S. 313. ; III. Physik des Meeres. : O. Meissner: Bestimmung der Hauptmondtide M2 in Swinemünde für die Jahre 1898 bis 1907. S. 75. ; A. Defant: Triftströme bei geschichtetem Wasser. S. 310. ; A. Defant: Bericht über die Ergebnisse der Meteorexpedition. S. 340. ; IV. Physik der Atmosphäre. : L. N. Bogoiavlensky und Al. Al. Lomakin: Über die durchdringenden Erdstrahlungen. S. 87. ; P. Goetz: Das Strahlungsklima von Arosa. S. 118*. ; K. Büttner: Versuche über die durchdringende Strahlung. S. 161. ; O. Hoelper: Über die Intensitätsverteilung im ultravioletten Sonnenspektrum. S.184. ; K. Büttner: Blei-Absorptionsmessungen der Höhenstrahlung im Flugzeug. S. 236. ; O. Meisser: Der Einfallswinkel des anormalen Luftschalles. S. 285. ; G. M. B. Dobson: Note on the Accuracy of Spectroscopic Measurements of the Amount of Ozone in the Atmosphere. S. 307. ; Hoelper: Entgegnung an Herrn Dobson. S. 309. ; L. W. Pollak: Verallgemeinerte Isobaren. S. 336. ; Chr. Jensen: Der gegenwärtige Stand und die Aufgaben der atmosphärischen Polarisationsforschung. S. 351. ; H. v. Ihering: Das Klima der Tertiärzeit. S. 365. ; J. Bartels : Veranschaulichung beobachteter Perioden und ihre Genauigkeit. S. 389. ; V. Angewandte Geophysik. : R. Ambronn: Einige Bemerkungen nur Möglichkeit der Aufsuchung und Lokalisierung von schlecht oder nicht leitenden Einlagerungen im Untergrund mittels elektrischer Wechselstrommethode. S. 68. ; A. Gibsone: Über die Grenze der Anwendbarkeit elektrischer Schürfmethoden mittels Wechselstrom. S. 238. ; K. Kilchling: Über die Messungen mit der gleichmäßig gedrehten Drehwage und ein neues Rechenverfahren. S. 281. ; W. Heine: Die Bestandteile des magnetischen Feldes bei geophysikalisehen Bodenuntersuchungen mit Wechselstrom und seine Beeinflussung durch leitende Einlagerungen. S. 293. ; F. Müller: Radioaktivitätsmessnngen als geophysikalische Aufschlußmethode. S. 339. ; A. Berroth, W. Schweydar, K. Jung siehe Abschnitt I. 1.: Physik des festen Erdkörpers. ; G. Angenheister, O. Meisser und H. Martin, H. Mothes siehe Abschnitt I. 2. : Physik des festen Erdkörpers. ; H. Haalck siehe Abschnitt II.: Magnetisches und elektrisches Feld der Erde. ; Mitteilungen und Verschiedenes. : W. Stekloff †. S. 48. ; Wilhelm Milch †. S. 256. ; Karl Mack zum 70. Geburtstag. S. 256. ; Mitteilungen. S. 315. ; Berichtigung. S. 120; S. 200; S. 380. ; Einladung zur Tagung der Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft. S. 255. ; Tagung und Hauptversammlung d. Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft in Frankfurt a. M. vom 26./28. September 1927. S. 316. ; Bericht über die sechste Tagung d. Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft in Frankfurt a. M. vom 26./28. September 1927. S. 377. ; Mitgliederverzeichnis der Deutschen Geophysikalischen Gesellschaft nach dem Stande vom 1.März 1927. S. 121. ; Neuaufnahmen. S. 200; S. 380. ; Adressenänderungen. S. 48; S. 200; S. 256; S. 380. ; Verstorben. S. 380. ; Literaturverzeichnis. : S.I bis XX. Heft 2/3. ; S. XXI bis XXXVI. Heft 6. ; S. XXXVII bis LII. Heft 8. ; Geophysikalische Berichte. : S. 1 bis 32. Heft 1. ; S. 33 bis 48. Heft 2/3. ; S. 49 bis 64. Heft 4. ; S. 65 bis 76. Heft 5. ; S. 77 bis 104. Heft 6. ; S. 105 bis 124. Heft 7. ; S. 125 bis 140. Heft 8. ;
    Description: DGG, DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: research
    Keywords: Geophysik ; Physische Geografie ; Angewandte Geophysik ; Atmosphäre ; Erdachse ; Erdbeben ; Geoelektrik ; Geomagnetismus ; Gezeiten ; Gravimetrie ; Gravitation ; Pendel ; Seismik ; Strahlung ; Tiden ; Wellen ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: German , English , Spanish
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 3
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    Buenos Aires: Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), Investigaciones Económicas (ie)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-31
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of external price shocks on the real exchange rate and the existence of the Dutch disease, in the case of the Argentine economy. We consider the effects of shocks on the terms of trade, the supply of the agricultural sector (booming sector) and the real exchange rate on the GDP of the manufacturing sector (or, alternatively, on total GDP) and unemployment rates. SVAR models, with long-term restrictions, and quarterly data, covering the 1993-2018 period, are estimated. The results show that the external price shocks and agricultural sector shocks affect positively and permanently to the manufacturing GDP and negatively to the unemployment rates, not finding substantial evidence about existence of the Dutch disease for this economy.
    Keywords: C32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; external price shocks ; real exchange rate ; Dutch disease ; SVAR models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Description: Deforestation in Bolivia has increased considerably during the last few decades, which causes carbon dioxide emissions, biodiversity loss, changes to the hydrologic cycle, among others. This study pretends to estimate the impacts and costs of that deforestation. Since each variablehas its own complexity, the use of different methodologies is necessary. The first model used is a carbon bookkeeping model and the carbon price. The second is the BIOM model which is based on the extrapolation of species, and the use of the elasticity between consumption and absolute species richness for the quantification of costs. Finally, a spatial econometric model and a water scarcity index are used for the estimation of the costs of variation in the hydrologic cycle. The results are presented at three levels; a national level, department level and municipal level for two time periods; 1990-2000 and 2000-2010. In addition, based on the results, conclusion and recommendations are formulated about deforestation in Bolivia. This study calculates that the cost of deforestation in Bolivia exceeds 10% of GDP.
    Keywords: Q23 ; Q24 ; Q25 ; Q57 ; Q31 ; Q32 ; ddc:330 ; Deforestation ; forest ; carbon emissions ; biodiversity loss ; hydrologic cycle variation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Dado un conjunto con determinada cantidad de elementos, es posible calcular la cardinalidad del conjunto formado por todos los subconjuntos del conjunto dado, que cumplen con la propiedad de ser disjuntos y tal que además la unión de todos ellos sea el conjunto original. Esto es, determinar el número total de posibles particiones para el conjunto especificado. El objetivo es abordar el tema con un enfoque matricial y mediante elementos de álgebra lineal. También se analiza el caso en el cual se consideran a los elementos como indistinguibles, y por lo tanto se pretende calcular el número de clases de particiones, es decir obtener la función de partición. Se aplican las ecuaciones obtenidas a un caso puntual y se verifican con las expresiones y valores existentes con respecto a esta temática.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 7
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: El propósito del presente artículo es explorar cómo los postulados presentados por Sigmund Freud, principalmente en El malestar en la cultura así también como en otros trabajos de su autoría, pueden relacionarse con las perspectivas sobre la constitución de la sociedad y la comunidad política propuestos por diversos pensadores, haciendo en especial una comparación con las perspectivas del denominado contractualismo. Considerando que el aporte de Freud es especialmente significativo, ya que permite incorporar a la ciencia política y la sociología elementos provenientes de la psicología y del psicoanálisis en particular, se estudiarán sus impresiones y se presentarán como un complemento relevante a los aportes de intérpretes consagrados de aquellas disciplinas.
    Description: This article aims to explore how the ideas presented by Sigmund Freud, most particularly in Civilisation and its Discontents but also in other works, can be related to perspectives about the creation of society and the political community suggested by different thinkers, especially those identified to contractualism. Thinking that the contribution by Freud is substantial, as it allows political science and sociology to add elements from psychology and, most particularly, psychoanalysis, his thoughts will be studied and presented as a relevant complement to the visions of canonical thinkers of those disciplines.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Freud ; Violencia ; Estado de naturaleza ; Contractualismo ; Freud ; Violence ; State of nature ; Contractualism
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Análisis de Derechos Contingentes (CCA) ; Análisis de Sustentabilidad de Deuda (DSA) ; Modelo de Merton ; Distancia hacia el Default ; Análisis de Componentes Principales ; Modelo unifactorial ; VAR (Vectores Autorregresivos) ; Funciones de impulso-respuesta ; Simulación de Montecarlo
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Este paper reproduce la exposición que he realizado el lunes 1 de octubre pasado en la Academia Nacional de Educación. Al decidir el tema sobre el cual realizarla me surgió naturalmente la posibilidad de hacerlo sobre vouchers educativos, con el objetivo que hace años tengo en mente: sembrar la duda que la libertad educativa es una idea que merece ser considerada como una alternativa plausible para nuestro país. No es mi intención intentar demostrar que un sistema de vouchers educativos, o de school choice para ser más general, donde los vouchers son tan sólo uno de los instrumentos posibles, genera mejores resultados que un sistema en el cual se subsidia la oferta. La libertad es un valor en sí mismo, por ende, no resulta admisible tener que justificar porque proponer un sistema educativo que la privilegia, sino por el contrario debería justificarse porque no se lo considera una alternativa factible. Para ser eficiente utilizo citas y evidencia de diversos países en los cuales la libertad educativa, en mayor o menor grado existe, o bien es una posibilidad concreta.
    Keywords: I28 ; ddc:330 ; educación ; vouchers ; educational savings accounts ; tax credit scholarships
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Los modelos de comportamiento humano tienen por objetivo el predecir las conductas de los individuos. En el ámbito de las organizaciones, el contar con modelos predictivos de conductas resulta de enorme importancia, tanto en la selección de nuevos recursos humanos como también en la gestión de los mismos y en la resolución de conflictos de intereses opuestos. La evolución de los diferentes modelos de comportamiento humano ha incluido progresivamente diversas variables, agregando paulatinamente mayor poder explicativo y predictivo. El modelo ST-IT propuesto propone la inclusión de variables hasta ahora no integradas en los modelos de comportamiento humano, tales como la influencia del entorno sobre el individuo y sus valores morales respecto al trabajo; el efecto de la cultura organizacional; la influencia de los sistemas de control de las organizaciones; el grado de competitividad en el mercado laboral y el grado de proteccionismo existente en la legislación laboral, entre otros. La validación del modelo se realizó mediante un extenso estudio de campo sobre 212 casos, el cual permitió distinguir la existencia de individuos con apego al trabajo y valoración del deber cumplido, en contraposición a otras personas que consideran al cumplimiento laboral como un disvalor. Fue posible observar también que existiría una importante dependencia entre el nivel educativo alcanzado y tales valores personales respecto del trabajo y el sentido del deber cumplido. Por último, el estudio de campo permitiría también corroborar los efectos que el clima laboral, eficiencia de los controles de cumplimiento y competitividad del mercado laboral generan sobre los niveles de trabajo de los individuos estudiados.
    Description: Human behavior models aim to predict individual actions. For organizations management, predictive models of behaviors have great importance, both for the selection of new human resources as well as in their management and in the resolution of conflicting interests. The evolution of different models of human conducts progressively included several variables, gradually adding more explanatory and predictive power. The ST-IT model proposes the inclusion of variables not yet integrated in human behavior models, such as the influence of the environment on the individual and their moral values with respect to work; the effect of organizational culture; the influence of the organization's control systems; the degree of competitiveness in the labor market and the degree of protectionism in the labor legislation, among others. The validation of the model was carried out through an extensive field study on 212 cases, which allowed to distinguish the existence of individuals with attachment to work and assessment of the fulfilled duty, in contrast to other people who consider labor compliance as a disvalue. It was also possible to observe that there would be an important dependence between the level of education attained and such personal values respect to work and the sense of fulfilled duty. Finally, the field study would also corroborate the effects that the labor climate, efficiency of compliance controls and labor market competitiveness generate on the work levels of the individuals studied.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: En un sistema formado por una red de nodos emisores y receptores de información, es necesario conocer el estado de señal que tendría cada uno de esos nodos en todo momento con el fin de lograr un flujo de información adecuado. El objetivo de este trabajo es obtener un modelo matemático que describa las interacciones entre los nodos, y a partir de dicho modelo, determinar las señales temporales en cada uno de ellos. Para la elaboración del modelo se considera tiempo discreto, y para la obtención de las señales en los nodos se utiliza transformada Z. Se aplica luego el modelo para resolver un problema concreto, y posteriormente se lleva a cabo una simulación con computadora sobre ese mismo problema. Se observa que las señales que devuelve el modelo y la que surgen de la simulación coinciden perfectamente. Se podría adicionalmente ampliar el modelo para que tenga en cuenta los fenómenos de atenuación de las señales en la interacción entre nodos, y analizar cómo impacta dicha atenuación en la convergencia de las señales temporales.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 12
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: La Argentina vive una real crisis educativa, carece de sentido negarlo. Este paper presenta siete propuestas las cuales, a mi entender, le permitirían al Gobierno tomar enérgicamente la iniciativa frente a una crisis que, sin duda, ha heredado y es imprescindible que logre revertir. Siete propuestas que no se enfocan solamente en la educación de los niños, sino también de los jóvenes y adultos, muchos de los cuales subsisten gracias a planes sociales. Siete propuestas, algunas muy sencillas de implementar, otras más atrevidas. Creo que en este año electoral vale la pena discutirlas.
    Keywords: I28 ; ddc:330 ; educación ; mecenazgo educativo ; planes sociales ; libertad educativa ; educational savings accounts
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 13
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: El propósito del ensayo es sistematizar, en la tradición de Friedman y Schwartz (1963), el análisis de dos recientes coyunturas monetarias: la crisis de las hipotecas sub-prime (EEUU 2008-2011) y la corrida contra las Lebac (Argentina 2018-2019). Ambos casos son un buen ejemplo de la capacidad de desestabilización de fuerzas monetarias básicas, tales como cambios de la velocidad de circulación y el multiplicador monetario. En el primero, destacamos la agresiva política de la Reserva Federal como prestamista de última instancia. En el segundo, concluimos que a) la mayor parte del aumento del nivel de precios del período febrero 2018-febrero 2019 se debió a un aumento de la velocidad, y b) si el multiplicador no hubiera caído como lo hizo, la inflación del período habría sido bastante más alta.
    Description: The purpose of the essay is to systematize, in the Friedman and Schwartz (1963) tradition, the analysis of two recent monetary crises: the sub-prime mortgage crisis (USA 2008-2011) and the run against the Lebac (Argentina 2018-2019). Both cases are good examples of the ability to destabilize of elementary monetary forces, such as changes in the velocity of circulation and the money multiplier. Regarding the first case, we highlight the aggressive role of the Federal Reserve as last resort lender. In the second, we conclude that a) most of the price level increase in the period February 2018-February 2019 was due to an increase in velocity, and b) if the multiplier had not fallen as it fell, inflation in the period would have been much higher.
    Keywords: E31 ; E51 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: El tema de la corrupción es un tópico frecuentemente mencionado en todos los medios públicos y privados y pareciera no haber dudas respecto de su significado. Sin embargo, esa certeza se diluye cuando se pretende profundizar en el análisis y surge la duda respecto de que debe entenderse por corrupción Un criterio bastante generalizado parece entender que se trata de un abuso que, para obtener beneficios privados, realiza una persona o entidad respecto del poder que le han encomendado. No resulta tan fácil definir la corrupción, salvo en las situaciones más evidentes, dado que los comportamientos de los implicados varían y, en general, se ocultan de la vista de la población. En el presente la población de muchos países de elevados niveles de ingresos parecen aceptar como normal la existencia de corrupción entre su clase política. Lo que no puede dejar de ignorarse es que la corrupción se convierte en una ruptura de lo que constituye el fundamento mismo de nuestra sociedad. Destruye el "bien común" para convertirlo en prenda de triunfo de una persona o grupo. Estos individuos pretenden incluso modificar el significado del término corrupción ignorando que es corrupto todo acto que tiende a destruir lo común en beneficio privado, destruyendo también los fundamentos mismos de la sociedad.
    Keywords: D73 ; H11 ; J51 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: La política económica se trata en distintos planos. En particular, me refiero a la "cocina" de la política económica, al tratamiento politizado de la cuestión, al rol que me gustaría cumpliera la academia (entendida en sentido amplio, incluyendo no solamente a los trabajos profesionales, sino también a la participación de los economistas aplicados, en los debates públicos), y al tratamiento de la economía en los medios masivos de comunicación. Primero me ocupo de cada plano por separado para luego plantear la cuestión de los problemas que genera su mezcla y sugerir qué se podría hacer al respecto.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 16
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Sociocracia, organizaciones circulares, paradigma teal, holocracia, redes, rizomas, entre otras, han cobrado particular impulso en los últimos años, desde los comienzos en Bilthoven, Holanda, como formas de gobierno de tipo horizontal. Contrastan, cuestionan y en alguna medida complementan, a las estructuras jerárquicas arraigadas desde hace tiempo en la mayoría de las empresas y organizaciones. Esta investigación intenta, partiendo de fuentes primarias, libros y papers con referato, realizar una revisión bibliográfica desde las ideas de Auguste Conte, en el siglo XIX, intentando recomponer la línea de tiempo hasta el presente. Busca ordenar, encontrar influencias, establecer diferencias y similitudes entre los diferentes modelos de gestión y poner en evidencia algunas recientes experiencias. Se pretende generar claridad sobre conceptos, no siempre bien interpretados y al mismo tiempo abordar el dilema sobre si estos modelos horizontales, gestionados a partir de la colaboración y el poder distribuido, pueden responden de mejor forma a ciertos requerimientos del ambiente y lograr asimismo el mayor involucramiento de las personas, respecto de los modelos clásicos verticales y jerárquicos.
    Keywords: L10 ; O31 ; O33 ; ddc:330 ; Sociocracia ; Organización del Círculo Sociocrático ; Organizaciones Circulares ; Paradigma Teal ; Holocracia ; Redes ; Organizaciones rizomáticas
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 17
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Bajo una hipótesis de simplicidad, los cambios sociales y tecnológicos podrán ser identificados anticipadamente. Habrá tiempo para entenderlos, tomarlos en cuenta y evitar o corregir desvíos. La estrategia podrá ser planteada como un acto formal, mecanicista, deliberado. Pero a veces, los ambientes no son simples, se los supone como tales esperando que reaccionen de forma previsible. Bajo el contexto de complejidad, volatilidad, incertidumbre y ambigüedad, las reacciones reduccionistas, mecánicas y determinísticas, pueden presentar dificultades. Algunas situaciones emergen por primera vez, en otras no es posible calcular el comportamiento desde las condiciones iniciales. Este trabajo intenta, partiendo fuentes primarias, libros y papers con referato, realizar una revisión bibliográfica de los últimos 27 años, desde que Herbert Barber, en 1991, planteó por primera vez el acrónimo V.U.C.A (volatile, uncertain, ambiguous, complex, por sus siglas en inglés). El propósito de esta investigación ha sido, generar claridad sobre un concepto donde impera cierta confusión dentro de la literatura y presentar, desde el campo de las empresas, algunas reflexiones y propuestas aplicables al desarrollo de la estrategia y la toma de decisiones.
    Keywords: L10 ; O31 ; O33 ; ddc:330 ; Complejidad ; caos ; ambientes V.I.C.A ; estrategia en ambientes V-I.C.A. ; decisiones en ambientes VICA
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 18
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Description: The current research analyzes the main variables that explain the bilateral flow's behavior of foreign direct investment. This document is emphasized on the landlocked countries, a geographic variabel which is present in almost 25 percent of all countries. The research is built through a panel data composed by 9,312 bilateral flows corresponding to 97 countries in the period 2001-2012, with a total of 111,744 observations. The estimation is made within the framework of the gravity equation and Dunning's eclectic paradigm. The results have the expected estimates. It was found that landlocked countries lose about 60 percent of their flows of foreign direct investment. The cause of this loss can be explained by the isolation that the geographic characteristic generates. Finally, in a study on Bolivia, it was found that this country loses about 2.22 percent of the Gross domestic product every year because it is landlocked.
    Keywords: F21 ; F23 ; C23 ; ddc:330 ; Landlocked countries ; foreign direct investment ; eclectic paradigm ; gravity equation ; data panel
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 19
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Description: The right to care was recognized in the international regulatory framework. Its inclusion in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development represented a fundamental step in the framework of global agreements. Goal 5 "Achieving gender equality and empowering women and girls" includes the mandate to "recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work". Goal 5.4 establishes the responsibility of States "to provide public services, infrastructure and social protection policies, under the co-responsibility approach of care". Similarly, policies and care programs are progressing in Latin American countries. The document represents the concept of care as a social right, analyzes the demographic, family and work transformations that demand a new social organization of care, and synthesizes progress in the region to achieve two objectives: to ensure access to care for children, adolescents, older adults and persons with family responsibilities.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Care ; care policies ; Latin America ; gender equality ; social rights ; social protection ; children ; adolescents ; seniors and people with disabilities ; family responsibilities
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El presente trabajo introduce una Tabla de Correspondencia Directa entre la Clasificación Internacional Industrial Uniforme 3.0 (CIIU 3.0) y la Clasificación de Actividades Económicas para Encuestas Sociodemográficas del Mercosur (CAES 2000). Se detallan las inconsistencias del proceso formal de correspondencia preexistente a esta tabla (esto es, utilizar las Tablas de Correspondencia de ONU y Mercosur), las decisiones adoptadas durante el proceso de su elaboración y la forma en que la nueva tabla soluciona las inconsistencias.
    Keywords: C81 ; F13 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 21
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    Jerusalem and Montreal: The Bichler and Nitzan Archives
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Las teorías convencionales del capitalismo están sumidas en una profunda crisis: tras siglos de debates todavía son incapaces de decirnos qué es el capital. Tanto liberales como marxistas se refieren al capital como una entidad ‘económica’ que puede ser contabilizada en unidades universales de ‘utilidad’ o de ‘trabajo abstracto’. Pero estas unidades son totalmente ficticias. Nadie ha sido capaz de observarlas ni medirlas, y esto por una buena razón: no existen. Y dado que liberalismo y marxismo dependen de estas unidades inexistentes, sus teorías están suspendidas en el aire. No pueden explicar el proceso que más importa: la acumulación de capital. Este libro ofrece una alternativa radical. De acuerdo con los autores, el capital no es una entidad económica estrechamente identificable, sino una cuantificación simbólica del poder. Tiene poco que ver con la utilidad o el trabajo abstracto, y se extiende más allá de las máquinas y las líneas de producción. El capital, afirman Bichler y Nitzan, representa el poder organizado de los grupos del capital dominante para reconfigurar –o creordenar– su sociedad. Escrito en un lenguaje simple, accesible a lectores neófitos y expertos, este libro desarrolla una economía política novedosa. Conduce al lector a través de la historia, los supuestos y las limitaciones de la economía dominante y sus teorías políticas asociadas, examina la evolución del pensamiento marxista sobre la acumulación y el Estado, y articula una innovadora teoría del ‘capital como poder’, así como una nueva historia del ‘modo de poder capitalista’.
    Description: Conventional theories of capitalism are mired in a deep crisis: after centuries of debate, they are still unable to tell us what capital is. Liberals and Marxists both think of capital as an 'economic' entity that they count in universal units of ‘utils’ or 'abstract labour', respectively. But these units are totally fictitious. Nobody has ever been able to observe or measure them, and for a good reason: they don’t exist. Since liberalism and Marxism depend on these non-existing units, their theories hang in suspension. They cannot explain the process that matters most – the accumulation of capital. This book offers a radical alternative. According to the authors, capital is not a narrow economic entity, but a symbolic quantification of power. It has little to do with utility or abstract labour, and it extends far beyond machines and production lines. Capital, the authors claim, represents the organized power of dominant capital groups to reshape – or creorder – their society. Written in simple language, accessible to lay readers and experts alike, the book develops a novel political economy. It takes the reader through the history, assumptions and limitations of mainstream economics and its associated theories of politics. It examines the evolution of Marxist thinking on accumulation and the state. And it articulates an innovative theory of 'capital as power and a new history of the 'capitalist mode of power'.
    Keywords: P16 ; ddc:330 ; capital as power ; corporation ; differential accumulation ; dominant capital ; finance ; inflation ; capitalization ; value theory ; modes of power ; mergers and acquisitions ; sabotage ; stagflation ; profit ; state ; redistribution ; power
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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    Kiel, Hamburg: ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Publication Date: 2018-12-05
    Description: El enfoque de las capacidades es un marco conceptual apropiado para identificar no la felicidad o satisfacción de las personas, sino más bien, lo que estas pueden o no ser o hacer. En consecuencia, el enfoque de las capacidades se centra en la libertad real de las personas y se aleja (sin excluir) de los medios que permiten la libertad (ingresos y recursos). Sobre la base de lo anterior, el presente documento se fija como objetivo proporcionar una aproximación al enfoque de las capacidades.
    Description: The capabilities approach is an appropriate conceptual framework to identify not the happiness or satisfaction of the people, but rather, what they may or may not be or do. Consequently, the capabilities approach focuses on the real freedom of people and moves away (without excluding) the means that allow freedom (income and resources). Based on the foregoing, this document sets as an objective to provide an approximation to the capabilities approach.
    Keywords: I31 ; I32 ; D63 ; ddc:330 ; Capabilities approach ; Amartya Sen ; functionings
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 23
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of the One Computer Per Student Program (Prouca), from the National Education Development Fund (FNDE), performance in the Brazil Test (Prova Brasil) and the National High School Examination (ENEM), both at school level, using the differences-in-differences method combined with the propensity score matching (PSM), and at the student level, using the PSM. The results showed that the program had a positive impact on students' performance in the final years of the Brazil Test (Portuguese and mathematics) and in the Enem language and codes and writing tests in 2010, as well as in all tests in 2011 - including the average of the exams - except in writing. At the school level, the program had a positive impact on the writing test and the average of the Enem assessments, the analysis between 2009 and 2010, and the natural science and writing tests as well as in the total average, in the research between 2009 and 2011.
    Keywords: C32 ; D04 ; ddc:330 ; One Computer Per Student Program ; Enem ; Brazil Test ; differences in differences ; propensity score matching
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: We use data from the period 2009-15 to estimate the impact of the public policy aiming to decrease the taxes paid by companies over their payroll. The objective of this program, so called Less Taxes on the Payroll ("Desoneração da Folha de Pagamento"), was to burst the employment in the firms benefited by the tax cut. Overall our econometric results show no employment effect of this program.
    Keywords: C32 ; D04 ; ddc:330 ; tax cut ; employment ; payroll taxes ; public program evaluation ; difference in difference
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Although there is agreement that the effect of broadband expansion on the economy, from an general overview, is positive; not an unanimous voice arguments that this impact be positive on all sectors. By applying a multivariate two way panel data model and estimated by bayesian methodology, this study aims to determine the effect of broadband expansion on the sectors of the economy. In order to take into account the geographical, social and economic differences among municipalities cluster analysis was employed in order to isolate groups of municipalities with approximate characteristics. The results illustrate that the impact of broadband is not positive for all sectors, being positive in the most dynamic and technology-intensive sectors such as the industrial and service sectors; and negative where this does not happen as in agricultural sector.
    Keywords: O57 ; O47 ; L69 ; ddc:330 ; broadband ; multivariate model ; panel data ; clustering ; Gibbs sampler
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The objective of this paper was to analyze how the process of formation of a national identity of the solidarity economy movement in Brazil was developed around a mobilizing paradigm in defense of associated work and economic relations not restricted to the mercantile sphere. In this sense, we sought to identify some of its main contextual particularities, such as: its multiplicity of subjects, its organizational strategies and its political interactions. It is a pluralistic social movement, composed of distinct identities, connected around common principles of economic organization and social reproduction. The research allowed to identify a repertoire with diversified routines of collective action, and a pattern of interaction with the public power very active, taking advantage of important contextual political opportunities, especially with respect to governments permeable to these ideas in their agendas.
    Keywords: J23 ; J59 ; ddc:330 ; solidarity economy ; social movements ; public policy ; repertoires of collective action ; sociology of absences and emergencies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The Índice de Vulnerabilidade Social (IVS) and the Atlas da Vulnerabilidade Social (AVS) of the municipalities and metropolitan regions arise by an effort of selection, development and georeferencing of indicators that could express conditions of social vulnerability in the different scales of brazilian territory. Such conditions may emerge from plural factors that are part of the social issue, like the contexts of income and labour, education and health, mobility, habitation and sanitation. The IVS is a sinthetic index constructed with indicators that express fragilities of this social factors. The text below presentes the process of criation of the IVS from your conceptual, methodological and statiscal aspects and limitations. After this presentation, the work will show na analysis of some IVS results, as well as your dimensions and indicatores for the years of 2000 e 2010, in order to delineate the conditions of social vulnerability in the brazilian territory and exemplify ways of data analysis available in the AVS.
    Keywords: O15 ; O18 ; R23 ; J15 ; ddc:330 ; social vulnerability ; sinthetic index ; Brazil ; public policy ; regional development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 28
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: In the last decades, in an attempt to promote a model of agriculture of high productivity in the semiarid, successive governments have invested in the water infrastructure for the creation of several irrigation districts in the region. The purpose of this work is to analyze historically the evolution of irrigated agriculture and the policy options of the Federal Government in relation to its development in the Brazilian semiarid. From this portrait, the objective is to discuss the potential of irrigated agriculture as an inducer of agricultural development in the region and about different policy options for irrigation in the semiarid region. The success of these ventures in relation to the income and jobs generated, number of farmers settled, companies installed, among other factors, is diverse. There are those perimeters installed at the Petrolina and Juazeiro poles, which have developed over the decades until they reached the current stage, in which a modern and profitable agricultural production is turned to export. Otherwise, there are those that have not been completed and are partially operative.
    Keywords: Q1 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; semiarid ; irrigated agriculture ; national irrigation policy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The adequate availability of infrastructure and its related services, is mandatory condition for further development of the country's competitive advantages, intensifying the productive specialization. Due to limited financial capacity, in the course of the last three decades, there have been an increasing private participation in these sectors under privatizations, concessions and Private-Public Partnerships (PPPs). This work has the following goals: i) to summarize the evolution of the concession's system in Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Colombia and USA, aiming to identify the characteristics and alternatives developed by each country; and ii) to conduct an economic analyze of the concession contracts between the public and private entities, focusing on the economic regulation aspects. We found a learning historic evolution, based in continuous enhancement of the public policy and in different degrees of success. The economic regulation aims to evolve in several issues as the risk-sharing, application of incentives and penalization and selection criteria, in despite of the difficulties created by economic crises. It's worth highlighting some innovations as: (Brazil) use of an "Investment trigger" to require capacity expansion; Use of real demand to reset the Financial-Economic Equilibrium (EEF); Distribution of productivity gains (Factor X); Use of the concession length as a tool to reset the EEF; (Chile) MVPR as selection criteria and risk-sharing tool; MCC as exchange rate risk-sharing tool; (Mexico) use of an account to accommodate the facility return at the concession end; Penalties grading system; (Colombia) use of a Trust Fund; Minimum revenue guarantee mechanism (MGR); (USA) Legislation and financial innovations; DBFOM mechanism. Part of the foreigner experience may contribute for the improvement of the Brazilian concession model. Notoriously, learning from the Mexican and Colombian experience, there are some policies shouldn't be carried out in Brazil. From the Chilean, the MVPR stands out as a solid success, commonly replicated by other countries. It's worth noting that Brazil has the largest share of highways under concession. Furthermore, it's possible that the share is near to its own limit (around 25%), as the highways that can attract the private sector, based on the vehicle flow, are mostly already contracted. To the left part of the share there are two alternatives: sponsored PPP and/or public resources. The PPPs mechanism, which includes fee payment from the private investor and requires the highway availability, would involve a cross-subsidy between the financially viable and non-viable projects using a trust fund. This mechanism failed in Chile. Beyond that, it's worth noting that the use of cross-subsidy creates unwelcome economic signs and, since Adam Smith, it's well known that it doesn't stimulates good results. The majority of the highway network is not attractive for private investor, thanks to low intensity traffic, requiring the use of public resources.
    Keywords: L51 ; L92 ; R48 ; ddc:330 ; highway concessions ; economic regulation ; concession's agreement ; public-private partnership
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 30
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The objective of this text is to present and address the spending on medicines of the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS) from 2010 to 2016 in a budgetary perspective. The analysis was based on the budget execution of the Ministry of Health and the health departments of the states, the Federal District and the municipalities, using data from two publicly available information systems, Siga Brasil and Siops. SUS spending on medicines rose from R$ 14.3 billion in 2010 to almost R$ 20 billion in 2015 (growth of 40%), falling to R$ 18.6 billion in 2016 (-7% in the last two years), in real terms, as a probable consequence of the economic crisis on these expenditures of subnational entities and greater role of the Ministry of Health to the medicines procurement and financing, including the Farmácia Popular Program. Between 2010 and 2016, SUS expenses with medicines registered growth of 30%. There was a significant increase in drug spending in the last seven years, with a special effort by the Ministry of Health, which started directly to execute the largest portion of the its budget for the purchase of these products. The Specialized and Strategic Components, as well as the Farmácia Popular Program, are very important for this increase. The incorporation of new medicines and the increase in lawsuits on pharmaceuticals may be driven the drug spending. The share of federal spending on pharmaceuticals in public health care spending rose from 11 percent in 2010 to 16 percent in 2016. The rising trend and the factors that drive higher spending can increase the drug spending which can compromise more significant portions of the Ministry of Health budget. That may reduce the availability of resources for the supply of other health goods and services to the population, because the federal budget is limited until 2036 by the Constitutional Amendment 95, approved in 2016.
    Keywords: H51 ; H60 ; I18 ; ddc:330 ; drug costs ; health expenditures ; budgets ; Unified Health System
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper analyzes the relationship between social mobilization (of public and private actors) and the agenda of official participatory institutions in the field of solidarity economy. More specifically, it was sought to analyze, through participatory observation and documentary analysis, how this relationship occurred during the process of social-state interface promoted by the national conferences, especially the 3rd Conaes, which occurred in 2014 and triggered the elaboration of the National Plan of Solidarity Economy. In the end, it can be said that the conference process was appropriate for the part of the civil society involved in its theme as a link between its traditional mobilization repertoires and the opening of an official channel of contact with a representation of the public power.
    Keywords: H19 ; ddc:330 ; social participation ; public policies ; solidarity economy ; national conferences ; governmental agenda
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 32
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Since the 1930s, Labour Justice has played very important roles in resolving labour disputes in Brazil. Nonetheless, the question that arises today is whether that justice can (or even should) continue with those roles - or whether it is possible to conceive some alternatives, which involve active participation of workers' organizations. This doubt arises from the analysis of a set of evidences, which point to the difficulties of this justice in order to present reasonable solutions to labour conflicts.
    Keywords: K31 ; K40 ; K49 ; ddc:330 ; workers ; labour conflicts ; Labour Justice
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Regarding one of the most renowned mechanisms of social participation in the recent Brazilian democracy, this paper aims to offer a typological proposal for national conferences, considering the broadened definition established by the Decree no 8243/2014 and ex post aspects of conferential processes. Thus, databases hosted by Ipea were updated and expanded, reaching the conferences held until 2016 and its approved resolutions from 2011 to 2016. This data collecting process put together a documental collection of 154 national conferences realized from 1941 to 2016, besides a database of 5,369 resolutions approved in 28 of the 42 conferences finished in the past five years. This table was submitted to a lexical analysis through the IRAMuTeQ software, according to the ALCESTE method. Briefly, five lexical worlds were observed, each holding its own characteristics. Also, the position of a specific conference in the class map can change between its editions, and this lexical displacement can occur under different ways. Some hypotheses - about lexical displacement and implicit territoriality - could be raised for further research, after this analysis. Thus, the availability of data, in a public and accessible way, may be a stimulus to the development of studies about this phenomenon or, at least, a factor for reduction of costs and efforts involved in this data collection.
    Keywords: C88 ; D73 ; Z18 ; ddc:330 ; national conferences ; databases ; lexical analysis ; social participation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 34
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The purpose of the paper is to analyze Brazilian exports data between 1962 and 2016 by industries, verifying if the export structure has been modified in recent years towards a pattern more concentrated in primary products, due to a loss of competitiveness. Brazilian exports have been analyzed between these years by six industries. It has been utilized the Constant Market Share methodology in order to identify a change in competitiveness. The main conclusion is that competitiveness has increased in initial years, due to subsidies and government incentives to more technology intensive industries and also in the period of more intense trade openness. And the two more technology intensive industries, namely Machines and Equipment and Other Industries have seen a competitiveness loss in the final years. Therefore, changes in competitiveness seem to be strongly correlated with changes in manufacturing structure and industrial policies.
    Keywords: F14 ; ddc:330 ; export concentration in primary goods ; competitiveness ; Brazilian exports ; constant market share
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 35
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The object of this discussion text typology was developed with the purpose of classifying the Brazilian municipalities according your insertion scale in the process of urbanization. Has focused on changes in the relationships between the different parts of the territory, is under productive population and switching work flows and study, is about the setting and trend of socio-spatial organization of the territory. The methodology employed in the construction of the typology and its results were presented by Moura and Pêgo (2016), and unleashed a series of developments, whether on the part of the team, this analysis related to other indicators, either by other researchers institutions that come by adjusting the information base and expanding the universe of research for other countries in Latin America. Search, too, offer information and summaries that contribute to the development of strategies to support the formulation and implementation of urban, regional policy and territorial development in national, regional and range of the States of the Federation.
    Keywords: R11 ; R12 ; R14 ; R23 ; R38 ; R58 ; ddc:330 ; urbanization ; Brazilian municipalities ; urban typology ; urban agglomerations ; metropolitan
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The present study - descriptive - aimed to investigate federal funds through the management block of the National Health Fund (FNS). The analysis was conducted for all Brazilian municipalities, at the most disaggregated level: Action/Strategy/Service, but also at the Component level. The analysis contemplated the years 2013 to 2016, period or the term of the mayors elected in the 2012. The authors also developed a brief analysis of selected indicators of the budget cycle, for the year 2014. The analysis of the sublevels of the management block of the FNS indicates that there is a great number of actions related to psychosocial care. However, the action that is most geographically widespread is the Program for financing actions of feeding and nutrition. Among the other supported actions, there are many that have a small number of benefited municipalities and/or small values involved. The spatial analysis indicates that there is no concentration in richer regions. On the contrary, many municipalities from the North Region and from Maranhão - one of the poorest states - obtained transfers through the block. This geographical spread is due more because of the component of Implementation of health actions and services, than because of the component of Qualification of SUS's management.
    Keywords: H51 ; I18 ; H11 ; H41 ; ddc:330 ; National Health Fund ; financing ; Unified Health System ; federalism ; basic health care
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  • 37
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: A subject that has gained prominence in the fields of political science and public administration is the Core of Government (CoG), that is, units and/or individuals responsible for the alignment and coordination of the main objectives of the president or first-minister. Although the topic has several names, a question still deserves to be better addressed: how do the planning, coordination and management of the Executive branch's priorities operate? However, the literature of CoG is still in early stage, especially in Brazil. In order to contribute to this debate, this paper develops a broad literature review with three primary goals: to present the concepts and findings of the international literature of core of government; to map the advances of the field of study of the Executive branch in Brazil and to indicate the future research agenda in the country. As a conclusion, the diversity of analytical strategies must be seen as constructive to the extent which there is a consensus that the frameworks' variations of the core of government are the rule, not the exception. In addition, the Brazilian case constitutes an excellent research laboratory on the Executive dynamics, due to its political-institutional particularities. Therefore, this research agenda tends to contribute to the description and explanation of how the political system operates and, above all, its effects on the decision-making processes and their outputs and outcomes in terms of public policies.
    Keywords: H83 ; ddc:330 ; core of government ; coordination ; Executive branch ; Brazil
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 38
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: In the wake of the debates on Digitalized Finance, and updating some of its main findings regarding the prognoses of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, this paper presents an overview of recent developments, as well as the main tendencies of the process of digitalization of the Brazilian capital markets in the last decades. With this, it aims to shed light on an emerging phenomenon in the sector, presenting data and information that contribute to reflections on the consequences of such process for the Brazilian economy, within the framework of globally interconnected financial markets.
    Keywords: G15 ; G28 ; N26 ; O33 ; Z13 ; ddc:330 ; digitalization ; capital markets ; Brazil ; financialization ; ICT
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper analyzes the personnel expenditures in the Brazilian federal civil public service using administrative records from the Executive Branch. There are two contributions which are noteworthy because they may improve the understanding of policy makers regarding the evolution of those expenses in the upcoming years. First, we undertake simulations in order to assess the effects of the Proposal for Constitutional Amendment no 287. It should be noted that this exercise disregards that the federal govern will have to replace, to some extent, those people who are leaving the public service. Hence, in what follows, we formulate replacement scenarios to try and gauge the cost of different hiring strategies. Furthermore, we report the robustness of some results with respect to specific assumptions. In a nutshell, the results indicated that the reform will bring about economies for the public coffers over the next years, mainly due to the fall in the value of the survivors' pensions. Nonetheless, given the enormous amount of people that will become eligible for retirement, the replacement policy to be followed by the government has a substantial weight on the size the payroll will reach.
    Keywords: E66 ; H55 ; H68 ; M54 ; ddc:330 ; personnel expenditures ; federal civil public service ; microsimulations ; pension reform ; replacement
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  • 40
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: In 2016, the causal relationship between Zika virus infection in pregnant women and the occurrence of microcephaly in infants was confirmed. However, in the previous year, when an unexpected increase in the number of live births with microcephaly was observed in Brazil, this relationship was unknown in the scientific literature. Timely and coordinated actions - with the participation of national and international health authorities, health workers and researchers - allowed the Zika virus to be proven to be implicated in the causality of a congenital syndrome and Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) in a few months. This discussion paper aims to present a brief review of the history of the Zika virus epidemic and microcephaly in Brazil, from its emergence, through its evolution, to the policies and actions adopted to tackle it. Initially, the trajectory of the Zika virus in the world, from its discovery, in the Zika forest in Uganda, through its occurrence in Southeast Asia, until its emergence in Brazil is presented. Next, the process of declaring the microcephaly epidemic as a Public Health Emergency of National Concern (PHENC), by the Brazilian government, and Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), by the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as the processes triggered by those measures. One topic is dedicated to describe the findings that contributed to the confirmation of the causal relationship between Zika virus infection and the occurrence of microcephaly, as well as GBS. In another topic, the evolution of the microcephaly epidemic in Brazil is described, highlighting the nine-fold increase in the number of cases in 2015 compared to the average of the previous five years, and the occurrence of the epidemic peak in the last quarter of this year. Following the main actions aimed at confronting the Zika virus epidemic in Brazil are presented. Finally, challenges for the prevention and control of the Zika virus and the consequences in the Brazilian epidemiological scenario are highlighted. The role of the Brazilian National Health System (SUS) in mobilizing all sectors necessary to confront the Zika virus epidemic is pointed and the need for resources for the continuity and improvement of the surveillance and control actions of arboviral diseases, as well as the attention to affected families, is highlighted.
    Keywords: I12 ; ddc:330 ; Zika virus infection ; Zika virus ; microcephaly ; epidemics ; international sanitary regulations ; epidemiological surveillance ; Brazilian National Health System ; Pan American Health Organization ; World Health Organization
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 41
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The IMF has always supported the free financial flows of capital, based on the concept that they improve economic growth in itself. This perception has debilitated since the global economic crisis beginning in 2007. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the evolution of the IMF's way of understanding this issue; weather it were or not an important improvement to guide the future exchange policies of their shareholders. Still, it's relevant to highlight the impacts of these flows on the volatility of the exchange markets, and consequently on the macroeconomic consistence of developing countries.
    Keywords: F32 ; F38 ; ddc:330 ; international capital flows ; emergent countries ; exchange markets volatility
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 42
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The paradigm of solidarity economy emerged at the end of the twentieth century as a proposal of self-management organization of work and production that involves a set of collective practices in search of new strategies of social inclusion and territorial development. Since then, it has become consolidated as a new field of research in several areas of scientific knowledge, not restricted to the social sciences. The purpose of this paper is to identify and characterize a scientific publication in indexed journals involving the field of solidarity economy in its various dimensions. It was tried to emphasize the methodological approaches used by the authors, the areas of knowledge and the main objects of analysis. This article aims at helping to understand a general picture about the production profile in the field of research, as well as new questions for new research, given a complexity of problems related academically related to the theme.
    Keywords: J23 ; Z13 ; ddc:330 ; solidarity economy ; bibliometric research ; self-management ; social inclusion ; social development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper was based on some previously delimited categories to guide a reflexive debate about the production on the institutionalized social participation in the scope of the public administration in Brazil. To that end, the analytical course was organized and developed around a new concept for a generic definition of these innovations in the field of democratic practice in the country, here called "participatory deliberation institutions" (PDI), each with its particular functional characteristics. For a better operationalization of this concept, the text is ordered from three analytical pairs: i) institutionalization and structural insertion of these innovations; ii) participation and representativeness; and iii) deliberation and effectiveness. On these pairs some arguments in the literature have been embedded and problematized in order to shed light on different issues that fall within this highly complex field, aiming also for a more precise detailing of the central characteristics in terms of the democratic advances and intrinsic contradictions found dispersed in the area debate. With this, it is believed that this text makes a relevant contribution to the mapping of the "master lines" of analysis on a field of practices that, despite the rich production already existing, still makes possible and even lacks other exploratory investigations, given the dynamism inherent in the very process of democratic consolidation.
    Keywords: Z18 ; ddc:330 ; participatory deliberation institutions ; social participation ; participatory democracy ; socio-state interfaces ; political project
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 44
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper aims to identify the profile of innovation in Brazil in 2014, positioning the country in relation to the countries of the European Union. The paper analysed the indicators resulting from the innovation surveys carried out in Brazil and in these countries in 2014. Based on the results found in a study performed with the 2000 indicators, considering Evolutionary approach as the theoretical reference and the Oslo manual in its third version, the study points out to a dynamic of innovation based on typical processes of imitative economies. The results of the innovation, which presented innovation rates similar to the average of the countries analysed, as well as the low degree of novelty and the innovation based mostly in process innovative enterprises only, show that Brazil still has a profile similar to that found in 2000. The innovative process is also similar, despite the significant increase in the percentage of innovative enterprises that received public funding for innovation, with little cooperation and innovative efforts based on the acquisition of machines, equipment and software in detriment of research and development. The results of the study, which must to be in-depth, indicate the need to review and improve the innovation policy developed in the period 2000-2014.
    Keywords: O31 ; O32 ; O33 ; O38 ; ddc:330 ; innovation indicators ; innovation surveys ; innovation dynamic
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 45
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Integrating information for the purpose of articulating social protection policies is hard work. It takes from political will, to capacity for institutional cooperation, to software development and direct communication channels with citizens. Because of that complexity, countries that pursue this objective often cooperate to exchange knowledge and the Brazilian case of Cadastro Único (Single Registry), the backbone of some 20 social protection programs, is frequently cited as a success case of integration. By means of the Cadastro Único experience, this text debates some of the essential elements to constitute such instruments of social policy integration. Bringing to light some of the challenges that are still on the way, to fulfill the promise of greater integration amongst social protection programs, as well as provide greater ease of access and respect to citizens.
    Keywords: I38 ; ddc:330 ; Cadastro Único ; Bolsa Familia program ; Unified Registry ; Assistance ; Entitlements ; Family Allowances ; Food Stamp ; Means Testing ; Poverty Alleviation ; Public Assistance ; Safety Net ; Social Welfare Programs ; SSI ; Transfer Payments ; Transfers ; Welfare Effects ; Welfare Policy ; Welfare Program ; Welfare Provision ; Work Welfare
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This research studies the impact that marketing innovation entails for exporting behavior, supported by the panel data structure given by the Panel of Technological Innovation. To do so, Propensity Score Matching method has been combined with the method of difference in differences, which is usual for impact evaluation analysis. The results from econometric estimations show the existence of a significative, negative impact of marketing innovation on exporting performance for Spanish agro-industry sector.
    Keywords: O30 ; H43 ; Q13 ; ddc:330 ; marketing ; exporting behavior ; impact evaluation ; agro-industry
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: Poverty in Andalusia (sout hern region of Spain wit h a population of 8.411.205 inhabitants) affects 12,8% of its population. In this cont ext, the objective of this paper is to propose ways of reducing this situation of poverty extracted from various questionnaires to experts in the subject, following the Delphi Method. To achieve this objective, first of all, a de scription of the poverty data in Andalusia compared to Spain is provided; t he level of use of information and communication technologies in Andal usian households is deepened; the theoretical foundations of the Delphi method are devel oped to finally apply the Delphi method to the proposal of ways for the reduction of poverty in Andalusia and for the labor incorporation of Andal usian university students. The experts conclude that it would be necessary to create APPs for the information and training of potential worker s and entrepreneurs, both from the private and from the public spheres. They also highlight the need to make use of social networks with an orientation towards the employ ment relationship, encouraging the connection of companies and workers.
    Keywords: I3 ; O14 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: The national statistical institutes face permanently the need to reform and update the statistical criteria and instruments for labor market analysis, as well as to adapt international recommendations for measurement. These processes pose important challenges regarding the comparability of information, necessary to analyze the labor market dynamics. This study presents a consistent methodological approach for the splicing of labor market aggregates based on microeconomic information from household surveys. We analyze the case of the national unemployment rate for Ecuador; assess the potential alternatives for simulation and define a consistent selection criterion for the prognosis and splicing of the series.
    Keywords: C25 ; J21 ; J24 ; J64 ; ddc:330 ; Unemployment ; splicing of labor indicators ; labor market ; labor surveys
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 49
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The article dwells upon the dynamic and stochastic mathematical models of organizational development and changes, as well as to the algorithms for their optimization. The adjustment of the intensity of the changes can be achieved through the efficient integration between the departments in accordance with their skills. The models proposed in this article can be widely applied in studying the processes of organizational development.
    Keywords: C65 ; ddc:330 ; organizational development ; organizational changes ; mathematical model ; intensity of changes ; optimization
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 50
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This study aims to explore the key factors that may affect the entrepreneurial capacity of students of Higher Education Centers (CES). Once the factors were established, these were grouped into internal and external to the ESCs, then the AHP method was applied to determine the relative weights of each of the criteria to groups of experts belonging to different disciplines and Latin American countries. Through the consensus of the experts, the results indicate that internal factors that most influence the entrepreneurship of their students are "Entrepreneurial Spirit", "Work Experience" and "Performance of specific courses" and as external factors affect to a greater extent "The Networks", "Friends" and "Scope of development". The results of the study can be used as an important reference for educational establishments, to define strategies based on these factors, which help to improve ecosystems within their centers, effectively enhancing the entrepreneurial capacity of their students.
    Keywords: I23 ; M13 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; entrepreneurship ; Higher Education centers ; entrepreneurial capacity ; entrepreneurial ecosystem
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 51
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The process of dismantling a nuclear power plant involves a series of economic activities, linked to economic sectors other than energy, which represent an opportunity for economic development, not only for the local communities where the power plant is located, but also for the rest of the society. Currently, the Spanish nuclear power plants have an average operating life of 33 years and in a decade will end its design life, so it is of interest to know the economic impact that will have its dismantling. For this, in this paper a multisectorial model is developed with which the impact of the dismantling process is analyzed, which includes both the closure of the plants, as well as the substitution of other energy sources and the management of radioactive waste.
    Keywords: C67 ; Q43 ; Q53 ; ddc:330 ; nuclear dismantling ; economic impact ; input-output model
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  • 52
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The informal economy is a phenomenon that affects most of the countries of the world, mainly tax collection potential, the generation of formal employment, productivity and business efficiency. In order to elaborate an inclusive method of the most significant current contributions, an econometric modeling was developed from the monetary method, applying cointegration, Granger causality and the equilibrium correction mechanism; which allowed to remove the possibility of spurious regressions and to make an application to the Ecuadorian economy.
    Keywords: E26 ; E27 ; E63 ; H32 ; J46 ; ddc:330 ; informal economy ; econometrics ; monetary method ; labor market ; modeling
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  • 53
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: Since Information and Communication Technologies adoption has grown, research on link of ICT and Economic Growth link has been rapidly developed, both in academic world and by governments and cooperation and development agencies. Research has found that there is a significant impact of the use of ICT on growth; however, it generally ignores the determinants of use. This is clearly visible in the case of studies carried out for the Mexican economy. This paper analyzes the determinants of differentiated use of ICT at subsector level in Mexico. using factor analysis, cluster analysis and econometrics, we find evidence related to the capacity (educational level and organizational maturity) that determines the use of ICT and, therefore, the strength of the impact of ICT on labor productivity in Mexico.
    Keywords: J24 ; O47 ; D24 ; ddc:330 ; subsector ; ICT ; labor productivity ; factor analysis ; cluster analysis ; cross section
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 54
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The aim of this paper is to identify the different shocks that could affect the current account in the argentine case, such as the terms of trade (the Harberger-Laursen-Metzler effect- HLM), supply shocks (productivity), demand shocks (real exchange rate and public consumption /current GDP) and the shocks on the production side of the economy. SVAR models with long-term restrictions and quar terly data covering the period 1994-2018 are used. The results of the impulse-response functions suggest the existence of the HLM effect for this country. Shocks in the terms of trade would initially affect to the current account positively, as the improvements in t he productivity and in the public saving (lower consumption).
    Keywords: C3 ; E62 ; F32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; current account ; terms of trade ; Harb erger-Laursen-Metzler (HLM) effect ; productivity ; public consumption ; SVAR models
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  • 55
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 56
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: Discusses evaluations to assess its relevance and usefulness to the Fomento Ganadero program in Yucatán from 2001 to 2013. Used a longitudinal non-experimental design in the form of trend where recollection (literature review and key informant interviews) and analysis of information (principles on meta-evaluation of Diaz and Pacheco) was sustained in a mixed approach, qualitative and quantitative. Found that the assessments made to Fomento Ganadero in Yucatan in the period of interest, were generally of low quality and very shallow in terms of internal consistency of its coherence, rules of operation, quality, effectiveness and efficiency, impact, focus and sati sfaction of their beneficiaries, i.e. that its coherence not expressed itself in operating rules that define with precision indices of efficiency and effectiveness that sought to achieve the program, in a focus around the priority activities and target population that would benefit in the State and, in the precision of the parameters of impact and sa tisfaction which sought to achieve.
    Keywords: H53 ; I38 ; M19 ; O21 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; Public administration ; Agricultural policy ; Evaluation policy ; Livestock development ; Metaevaluation
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  • 57
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: The goal of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the innovation promotion programs carried by the National Research and Innovation Agency (ANII). A combination of non-experimental methods was used to quantify the effects of public support to innovation in three dimensions of the firms' behavior: innova - tion investment, innovation results and economic performance. The results show evidence of crowding-in of public support to innovation. Also, beneficiaries of the programs show larger probability of successfully introducing new products and processes. We do not find impact in the economic performance indicators of the firms.
    Keywords: D22 ; O38 ; C21 ; H43 ; H54 ; ddc:330 ; Impact evaluation ; innovation ; ANII ; Uruguay
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  • 58
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This research shows the application and performance of three models for the classification of credit applicants: discriminant analysis, logistic regression and neural networks; techniques used by financial institutions for the calculation of credit scoring. The results show a better performance of the neural network model compared to logistic regression and discriminant analysis, achieving a success rate of 86.9\% in the classification. For the three models, fourteen variables were used to inform about applicant's socioeconomic characteristics and those of the credit operation. In the area of credit risk management, this result is relevant since it can be complemented by the calculation of default probability, the exposure at default and the recovery rate of the entity to establish the value of expected losses at both the individual level and the whole credit portfolio of the entity.
    Keywords: C14 ; C45 ; C51 ; D14 ; ddc:330 ; credit scoring ; credit risk ; default probability ; discriminant analysis ; logistic regression ; neural networks
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  • 59
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This study analyzes the impact of the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on the diversification strategy and performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). From a sample of 95 companies in the autonomous community of the Basque Country, it is evidenced that diversified companies show a higher level of use of ICT and this resource positively affects financial and non-financial company performance. The analysis also show that ICT is a mediating variable between the type of diversification and performance of business in which the company has entered. For the correlational descriptive and statistical analysis of the variables, IBM SPSS software was used (version 21). Further analysis which may expand upon this study could be to apply the model to different industries with the idea of comparing the results found and to define specific strategies.
    Keywords: L25 ; C12 ; ddc:330 ; diversification ; ICT ; performance ; mediation
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  • 60
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The urban agglomeration or metropolitan area of Seville is formed by the municipality of the same name, being the fourth most populated city in Spain; and with 45 municipalities, also forming the fourth most important economic and industrial area of the country. In recent years, due to the deep economic crisis the region has been facing, the activity has decreased considerably, which has influenced markedly on the offer price of commercial premises and warehouses. This work analyses the current supply of real estate modalities for a sample of 1916 records; and studies, using regression models, the causes that significantly influence on their assessment, proposing models of price estimation.
    Keywords: R33 ; ddc:330 ; commercial premise ; industrial warehouse ; offer price