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  • 1
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 2
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: Bu çalışmanın amacı uluslararası emtia piyasalarından kaynaklanan asimetrik ve doğrusal olmayan fiyat hareketlerinin iç fiyatlara geçişkenliğini Türkiye için ölçmektir. Bu amaçla 2003M02-2015M02 dönemine ait aylık bazda(145 gözlem) çeşitli uluslararası emtia fiyatları(petrol ve gıda fiyatları) ve iç fiyatları temsilen tüketici fiyat endeksleri ele alınmıştır. Çalışmanın ekonometrik tahminlemesinde yakın zamanda geliştirilen Doğrusal Olmayan Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif (NARDL) Modeli kullanılmıştır. Böylece uluslararası emtia fiyatlarının pozitif ve negatif “Kısmi Ayrıştırma Toplamları” kullanılarak kısa ve uzun dönem doğrusalsızlık ve asimetrik etkiler eşanlı olarak test edilmektedir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre uluslararası petrol ve gıda fiyatlarından yurtiçi enflasyon oranlarına doğru asimetrik bir fiyat geçişkenliğinin olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Öte yandan, pozitif ve negatif uluslararası emtia fiyat şoklarına karşı iç fiyatların verdiği kısmi tepkiler “Asimetrik Dinamik Hızlandıran” yaklaşımı kullanılarak ölçülmektedir. Buna göre yurtiçi enflasyon oranlarının petrol ve gıda fiyat şoklarına verdiği tepki asimetrik ve sırasıyla 20 ve 15 ay olduğu görülmüştür.
    Description: The aim of this paper is to measure asymetric and nonlinear pass-through of international commodity prices to internal prices in the Turkish case. For this purpose, monthly data set of various international commodity prices(oil and food prices) and internal prices (ie. consumer price indices) fort the period 2003M02-2015M02 (145 observations) are utilized. The econometric estimation of the study is based on the recently developed NARDL Model. This model offers a proper possibility to simultaneously test the short and long-run nonlinearity through positive and negative 'Partial Sum Decompositions' of the international commodity prices to internal prices (ie. consumer price indices). According to our findings, it is concluded that there is a pass-through from international oil and food prices to domestic prices or inflation rate in an asymmetrical sense. The NARDL Model, in hand, also allows us to quantify the respective responses of the internal prices to positive and negative commodity price shocks from the 'Asymetric Dynamic Multipliers'. Hence, domestic inflation rates' response to international oil and food prices is asymmetrical respectively in 20-month and 15-month periods.
    Keywords: C22 ; Q40 ; Q47 ; ddc:330 ; international commodity price shocks ; NARDL Model ; asymetric pass-through ; Uluslararası emtia fiyat şokları ; NARDL Modeli ; asimetrik geçişkenlik
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 4
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: Bu yazıda özellikle iktisat alanında değişmenin önemini vurgulayan açıklamalar sunacağım. Açıklamalarımda önce dünyada ve Türkiye’de özellikle son zamanlarda yaşanan değişimleri özetleyeceğim. Sonra sırasıyla kapitalizmde, teknolojide, küreselleşmede ve iktisat biliminde meydana gelen, önemli saydığım değişmeleri anlatacağım. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: D31 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 6
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: 1914 ve 1918 yılları arasında, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu iktisadi anlamda yıkım yaratan Birinci Dünya Savaşı’na dahil olmuştu. Savaşın sonunda ülke işgal edilmiş ve işgal kuvvetleri ile çatışmalar ortaya çıkmıştı. Tarihsel çalışmalarda, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Bulgaristan’ın Eylül 1918 tarihinde yaptığı ateşkes teklifi ve iktisadi yaşamında yarattığı baskı ile savaştan çekilme noktasına geldiği iddia edilmekteydi. Yazı, çatışmaların sonlanmakta olduğu süreçteki barış çabalarının Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda ortaya çıkartmış olduğu iktisadi etkileri Tasvir-i Efkar ve Vakit gibi Osmanlı gazetelerindeki yazılar, İstanbul Borsası’na ait döviz kuru ve mal fiyatı verileri ile incelemiştir. Sonuçlar, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Ekim 1918 tarihi itibariyle savaştan çıkışına kadar olan dönem içerisinde iktisadi olarak iyileşmeler ile karşı karşıya kaldığını ifade etmektedir.
    Description: Between 1914 and 1918, the Ottoman Empire was involved in the World War I, leading to disruptions in economic life. The end of the war created the occupation of the Ottoman Empire by the Allies and struggle against the Allies' occupation. The historical literature argued that when Bulgaria asked for an armistice in September 1918, it was realized that the end of the war was approaching, as the Ottoman economy went into recession. Based on articles in the Ottoman newspapers, i.e., Tasvir-i Efkar and Vakit, in addition to data of foreign exchange rates and prices in the çIstanbul Bourse, this paper examines how the Ottoman economy was affected by the end of the World War I. The findings imply the presence of the higher economic recovery by October 1918 when the Ottoman Empire asked for armistices.
    Keywords: G1 ; N25 ; N45 ; ddc:330 ; The World War I ; the armistice of Salonica ; İstanbul Stock Exchange ; foreign exchange rates ; prices ; economic recovery ; Birinci Dünya Savaşı ; Selanik Mütarekesi ; İstanbul Borsası ; döviz kurları ; mal fiyatları ; ekonomik iyileşme
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: Model Forests (MFs) are social and participatory processes aiming at the sustainable development of a territory where the forest plays an important role. Individuals and organizations share knowledge and combine expertise and resources to provide income-generating opportunities, balancing social, economic, and ecological values. The concept originated in the late 80s, in Canada, and was launched internationally in Rio-92 Conference under the name of 'Model Forests', which adopts network strategies ('International Model Forest Network - IMFN' and regional networks as the Latin America Caribbean Model Forests Network (LAC-Net)). In Brazil, the system is coordinated by the Brazilian Forest Service and to date consists of two MFs in the Southeast and one in the South. The latter is located in the region of Araucaria Forest, one of the most endangered ecosystems of the Atlantic Forest. The high degree of landscape fragmentation and a very restrictive environmental legislation regarding the use of native forest are both major drivers of a well-known polarization between ?development? and ?conservation? viewpoints. Those conflicts of interests combined with low Human Development Indices, poor income distribution and environmental liabilities observed in the municipality of Caçador, in Santa Catarina State, motivated the creation of a MF in the region. The process is being conducted by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) since 2007. During the four subsequent years, public meetings and workshops were held in order to present and discuss the Model Forest approach with the local community. In 2012, individuals, organizations and local stakeholders joined the Caçador Model Forest Council. At the same year, the Council submitted a formal proposal for the creation of the MF and in 2013 the Model Forest area was visited by representatives of LAC-Net and IMFN. Finally, on June 17, 2013, Caçador Model Forest (BMCDR) was officially approved as a member of the Network, covering the entire territory of the municipality with 98,000 hectares. BMCDR mission is to provide better quality of life and environmental conservation through participatory management of the territory, strengthening family farming and the cultural identity and promoting the improvement, conservation and use of forest and water resources. The year 2014 was devoted to the process of discussing Caçador Model Forest governance model approaches and constructing its strategic plan, which comprises four major issues to be addressed during the next five years: promoting the local identity; use and conservation of the Araucaria Forest; use and conservation of water and the promotion and dissemination of BMCDR resources.
    Keywords: Q23 ; ddc:330 ; Model forest ; sustainable forest management ; rural development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 10
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: This work aims at analyzing, for an unprecedented perspective, possible evidences of deindustrialization in the Brazilian economy. For that, it analyzes both regional and state data for the period 1985-2010, using indicators of deindustrialization already established. In addition, regional differences in the relation VTI / VBPI are analyzed and discussed considering winners and losers in terms of sectors and regions. Finally, it estimates a parametric model regressing the participation of regional manufacturing industry in the region's GDP and regional per capita income. The results suggest that, at regional level, the Southeast, South and Northeast regions accumulate evidence of deindustrialization, while the other two regions follow an inverse pattern. Besides that, it seems that the Brazilian deindustrialization is in progress together with a process of (regional) spatial decentralization of industrial production and this deindustrialization process affects differently the regions. Resumo Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar, por uma perspectiva inédita, possíveis indícios de desindustrialização na economia brasileira. Para tanto analisamos dados regionais e estaduais referentes ao período de 1985 a 2010 utilizando indicadores de desindustrialização já consagrados. Adicionalmente, são analisadas diferenças regionais da relação VTI/VBPI e discute-se sobre ganhadores e perdedores do ponto de vista setorial e regional. Por fim, estima-se um modelo paramétrico regredindo participação da indústria de transformação regional no PIB da região e renda per capita regional. Conclui-se que, em nível regional, as regiões Sudeste, Sul e Nordeste acumulam indícios de desindustrialização, enquanto as demais regiões seguem padrão inverso, levando a crer que a desindustrialização brasileira é, em parte, também uma descentralização espacial (regional) da produção industrial e que o processo de desindustrialização brasileiro difere entre as regiões acometidas pelo processo.
    Keywords: L16 ; R12 ; L60 ; ddc:330 ; Desindustrialização ; Economia regional ; Indústria de Transformação
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: Os pesquisadores brasileiros têm realizado esforços para sistematizar e avaliar a produção acadêmica das ciências sociais aplicadas no país. Essas pesquisas expressam uma elevação do nível de reflexividade do próprio pensamento científico em termos metodológicos e de implicação com o objeto. Este estudo pretende tomar parte nesse movimento de reflexão sobre a produção do conhecimento dessas ciências, mais especificamente no âmbito da Economia. Assim, o objetivo da pesquisa foi analisar a produção teórica e empírica em Economia Regional presente nos Encontros Nacionais de Economia, promovidos pela Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia (ANPEC), no Brasil, nos anos 2000. A produção acadêmica foi examinada sob três grandes focos: temas, problemáticas e paradigmas explicativos. O critério de constituição do conjunto de pesquisas que serviram de referência para o desenvolvimento deste estudo foi a submissão dos artigos para a área de Economia Regional, compreendendo 216 estudos analisados. O método empregado foi a técnica de análise de conteúdo. Os resultados revelaram que as associações científicas, como é o caso da ANPEC, na área de Economia, integram o espaço acadêmico e permitem, por meio de seus encontros nacionais, construir um debate a partir de uma multiplicidade de olhares, revelando a contínua transformação do campo acadêmico. Ao estudar essa produção do conhecimento, identificou-se não somente a discussão teórica que marcou o debate em Economia Regional, mas também a transformação desta área no Brasil nos últimos anos. O desenvolvimento teórico ocorreu a partir do diálogo com os clássicos e da presença dos referenciais vindos do exterior, no entanto, sem retirar da produção dos cientistas brasileiros um caráter próprio da explicação da realidade nacional. Além disso, os estudos regionais têm sido intensificados, principalmente, em razão das disparidades regionais oriundas do processo de industrialização. Os problemas regionais tornaram-se evidentes com o crescimento econômico desigual e os governos priorizaram as estratégias de desenvolvimento regional para resolvê-los. Nesse contexto, muitas teorias inspiraram as políticas públicas voltadas para o desenvolvimento regional, principalmente no contexto dos novos padrões de produção e dos movimentos de abertura comercial e de desregulamentação financeira a partir da década de 1990. Uma característica desse momento foi que a produção teórica nesta área assumiu caráter mais interdisciplinar. Por fim, é importante destacar que a análise em Economia Regional representa, para os economistas, um esforço para articulá-la com as macro-transformações em curso na sociedade brasileira.
    Keywords: R10 ; A14 ; ddc:330 ; Economia regional ; produção do conhecimento ; Anpec
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: A produção de leite exerce papel de destaque no agronegócio brasileiro. No ano de 2012, a produção brasileira representou 5,16% do total mundial, colocando o país como o quarto maior produtor de leite. Em termos de valor bruto da produção, somente o segmento produtivo gerou US$ 14,4 bilhões. Entre os estados, Minas Gerais se destaca como o maior produtor, responsável por 28% da produção brasileira. Na economia mineira, o setor lácteo corresponde a cerca de 11% do PIB agropecuário estadual. Diante da importância do setor para a economia nacional e estadual, este estudo busca analisar os impactos decorrentes do aumento na eficiência da produção de leite sobre a geração de emprego e renda em Minas Gerais. Inicialmente, foram calculadas as medidas de eficiência na produção de leite, utilizando-se a Análise Envoltória de Dados (DEA). Como resultado, foi possível obter o aumento na renda bruta que uma fazenda pode ter caso corrija seus problemas de ineficiência. Esta parte do estudo foi desenvolvida utilizando-se dados primários de uma amostra de 1000 produtores de leite. Em seguida, foram simulados os impactos resultantes desses ganhos de renda. Para isso, aplicou-se o modelo de Leontief-Miyazawa na matriz insumo-produto de Minas Gerais, obtendo-se os ganhos no valor bruto da produção e a geração de novos postos de trabalho. Verificou-se que apenas 6% dos produtores de leite apresentam máxima eficiência. Os demais possuem problemas de uso excessivo de insumos e/ou de escala incorreta de produção. Em seguida, foi calculado o ganho potencial na renda bruta dos produtores ineficientes, tendo-se como base seus benchmarks, isto é, os produtores eficientes da amostra. O ganho possível na renda foi da ordem de US$ 8.244 por produtor, sendo US$ 5.553 devido a correções em problemas de falta eficiência e US$ 2.691 devido a correções em problemas de escala incorreta. Com base nesses dados, foram mensurados os impactos no emprego e na renda, utilizando-se a matriz insumo-produto de Minas Gerais. Segundo dados oficiais, existem cerca de 163 mil produtores comerciais de leite em Minas Gerais. Supondo que 1630 produtores (1% do total) se tornem eficiente, o ganho direto na renda bruta será de US$ 13,4 milhões. Inserindo esse valor na matriz e calculando os multiplicadores, conclui-se que o ganho final no Valor Bruto da Produção desse choque seria da ordem de US$ 31,3 milhões. Em termos de empregos, seriam gerados 4,6 mil novos postos de trabalho, sendo 2,8 mil empregos diretos e 1,8 indiretos. Os resultados são expressivos e demonstram a importância de programas que possibilitem o aumento de eficiência na produção de leite. Certamente os ganhos em emprego e renda suplantam o gasto necessário para implantação de programas desta natureza.
    Keywords: Q12 ; C14 ; C67 ; ddc:330 ; Produção de leite ; Eficiência ; Matriz insumo-produto
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: Uma estratégia que alguns municípios de Minas Gerais têm adotado para promover o desenvolvimento em comunidades rurais mediante incentivo ao turismo é o festival de gastronomia. Especificamente no município de Muriaé, um grande fomentador do turismo local tem sido o evento ?Gastronomia na Serra?, realizado em um pequeno distrito, tipicamente rural. A ideia é buscar a valorização da identidade da culinária local, somando um novo atrativo ao roteiro turístico da cidade, e proporcionar oportunidades para o desenvolvimento da comunidade. Para identificar a percepção do público sobre o festival, bem como a importância do evento como gerador de renda para a população local, foram aplicados 100 questionários aos visitantes, donos de restaurantes e moradores da comunidade. O objetivo foi verificar se o evento reúne as condições necessárias para que tenha continuidade nos próximos anos, tanto em termos de criação de turismo quanto no auxílio à comunidade envolvida. Entre os principais resultados encontrados, verificou-se que a idade média dos frequentadores do festival é de 33 anos de idade, sendo que aproximadamente 50% dos entrevistados possuem curso superior. Esses números evidenciam um perfil diferenciado de público, com destaque para pessoas relativamente mais velhas e com bom nível de escolaridade. Para os organizadores do festival, esse é o público que se busca nesse tipo de evento, pois, além de mais exigentes, são também as pessoas que mais despendem na aquisição dos produtos oferecidos. Por outro lado, exige maior capacidade de organização, visando proporcionar uma experiência satisfatória para esse público diferenciado. O investimento do município obteve resultados significativos. Considerando apenas as pessoas com idade superior a 30 anos, a grande maioria (92,1%) ficou satisfeito ou muito satisfeito com o festival, sendo que 97% afirmaram que pretendem participar novamente no próximo ano. Isso significa que há público para este tipo de evento nas comunidades rurais da região. Em relação ao ponto de vista da comunidade envolvida, os donos de estabelecimentos entrevistados afirmaram que o evento contribuiu substancialmente no aumento da renda familiar, devido às dificuldades típicas dos pequenos produtores rurais, além do fato de ser uma região pobre e com poucas alternativas econômicas. Em síntese, o grande desafio desse tipo de evento é trazer para o local pessoas com disponibilidade de adquirir os produtos típicos oferecidos. Em outras palavras, de nada adianta um evento gastronômico no meio rural se o público não estiver disposto a gastar. Nesse sentido, pode-se dizer que o festival gastronômico conseguiu atingir seu objetivo, trazendo benefícios para todos os envolvidos, tanto na geração de emprego e renda, quanto auxiliando na fixação do homem no campo. Essa é uma alternativa que não exige grande volume de investimento e que deve ser disseminada para outras regiões rurais do país.
    Keywords: J46 ; D10 ; ddc:330 ; Comunidades rurais ; desenvolvimento regional ; festival de gastronomia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 14
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: Apesar de serem reconhecidamente importantes, o valor das perdas de produtos agrícolas é de difícil mensuração a partir dos dados econômicos mundiais. Estudo conduzido pela FAO (Gustavsson et al., 2011) buscou suprir esta deficiência, fornecendo estimativas para grupos de países definidos com base nas similaridades geoeconômicas, referentes às perdas de alimentos em diferentes etapas da cadeia produtiva. Neste estudo constatou-se que as perdas pós-colheita (correspondente às etapas de: manuseio; processamento e distribuição) nos países com baixo nível de renda são superiores àquelas observadas para os países de média/alta renda. Já os países mais ricos têm perdas superiores aos mais pobres nas etapas de produção e consumo. O presente estudo teve como objetivo estimar, com base nos dados fornecidos pelo estudo da FAO, os impactos econômicos da redução de tais perdas para os níveis observados em países de média/alta renda. Os impactos econômicos foram estimados considerando o mercado de bens e serviços de toda a economia brasileira. Para isto, foi utilizada a matriz insumo produto mais recente estimada para o país, que é de 2009. Observou-se que, a preços de 2012, a redução nas perdas pós-colheita de produtos agrícolas no país para níveis observados em países de alta e média renda, implicaria em um aumento anual de R$9,8 bilhões no valor da produção agrícola ou 78% da soma do valor da produção de todo arroz e feijão obtido no país, segundo dados do IBGE (PAM de 2012). Além disto, identifica-se que os impactos diretos, indiretos e de efeito renda de um aumento na demanda por serviços de processamento, transporte e comércio originado pelo aumento da oferta destes produtos, pode elevar, anualmente, o valor da produção da economia em R$18 bilhões, o PIB do país em R$9,7 bilhões e gerar mais de 300 mil empregos e R$3,6 bilhões em remuneração. Mais da metade deste impacto decorre do aumento na demanda pelo processamento. Analisando os impactos na economia provocados pela redução nas perdas pós-colheita por grupos de produtos, verificou-se que 70% dos impactos estimados ocorreram pela redução nas perdas de: frutas e hortaliças; oleaginosas e; raízes e tubérculos. Redução nas perdas de carnes, leite e cereais responderam pelo restante dos impactos. Tais resultados ilustram que, face à grande importância dos produtos agrícolas para a economia brasileira, a redução nas perdas pós-colheita pode gerar benefícios econômicos substanciais para o país.
    Keywords: Q13 ; Q56 ; ddc:330 ; perdas pós-colheita ; transporte ; comércio ; processamento
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: As Políticas Públicas de Desenvolvimento Regional, no contexto de Promoção e Valorização das Externalidades da Competitividade Empresarial, proposta por Figueiredo (2009), são organizadas a partir do conceito de impactos externos (externalidades) nos problemas regionais, em especial, no que diz respeito à inovação e tecnologia. Diante disto, o poder estatal, procurando solucionar os impactos dessas externalidades, deve elaborar Políticas Públicas de Ciência e Tecnologia, visando o desenvolvimento regional, por meio do financiamento de pesquisas científicas e tecnológicas, para geração de conhecimento e inovação, possibilitando o bem-estar social e a competitividade das empresas em determinada região. No Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil), o desenvolvimento regional por meio de Políticas Públicas de Ciência e Tecnologia, foi determinado pelo artigo 236 da Constituição Estadual (1989), que estabeleceu no Orçamento Público do Estado, uma vinculação orçamentaria constitucional, garantido recursos públicos para o financiamento da ciência e tecnologia no âmbito da Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Rio Grande do Sul. O objetivo do estudo foi verificar se o Estado do Rio Grande do Sul tem realizado, a destinação orçamentária estabelecida pelo artigo 236 da Constituição Estadual, que determina a aplicação mínima de um e meio por cento (1,5%) da Receita Líquida de Impostos, em Políticas Públicas de Ciência e Tecnologia. Para tanto, foram analisados no período de 1995 a 2013, os recursos transferidos pelo Estado para esta finalidade, a fim de detectar, o cumprimento do estabelecido pela Constituição, e então observar se o Estado do Rio Grande do Sul tem realizado a promoção do desenvolvimento regional, por meio das Políticas Públicas de Ciência e Tecnologia, como prevê a Constituição Estadual. Inicialmente, foi elaborada uma revisão bibliográfica sobre os conceitos de Políticas Públicas de Desenvolvimento Regional, com ênfase na tipologia de promoção e valorização de externalidades da competitividade empresarial elaborada por Figueiredo (2009), onde se enquadram as Políticas Públicas de Ciência e Tecnologia. Em seguida, foi analisado o comportamento da destinação dos recursos orçamentários, aplicados em Políticas Públicas de Ciência e Tecnologia no Rio Grande do Sul, de acordo com os vínculos orçamentários constitucionais. O artigo, verificou que o Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, não tem cumprido o vínculo constitucional, atrasando o desenvolvimento tecnológico, a promoção da competitividade, inviabilizando a competitividade das empresas e o bem-estar social, dificultando o desenvolvimento regional, de acordo com o que prevê a Constituição do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.
    Keywords: R1 ; ddc:330 ; Políticas Públicas ; Ciência e Tecnologia ; Desenvolvimento Regional
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    Language: Portuguese
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  • 16
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: O objetivo deste ensaio é refletir sobre a Teoria da Administração Política do Desenvolvimento, uma proposta elaborada por autores latino-americanos de origem brasileira. As formulações perpassam por aspectos teórico-metodológicos alternativos aos dos pensadores do Norte-Global. O trabalho é apresentado em três seções: a primeira descreve as bases epistemológicas da administração política do desenvolvimento; em seguida apresenta-se o modelo conceitual da administração política do desenvolvimento; e por fim, são feitas algumas reflexões sobre a contribuição da teoria para a sociedade contemporânea.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ciência da Administração ; Desenvolvimento ; Sociedade
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    Language: Portuguese
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  • 17
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: This text is linked to the question of urban centrality of the city of Salvador, capital of Bahia State, that was examined upon two perspectives regarding its historical background. Firstly, the centrality in regional terms - the influence of the old capital in relation to its surrounding region and secondly according to the centrality of the city in terms of its own internal space. The text leads to the realization about the two centralities correlating directly, demonstrating that changes in regional centrality affect urban centrality as well the process of occupation and land use in the city. On the other hand, the largest and most important assets are the core of a larger city the bigger tends to be its area of influence. In the current circumstances, to the extent that the influence of Salvador upon its surroundings is reduced, by external reasons, the city got transformed itself from monocentric into polycentric and their spaces are expanded due to the migration of poor populations that put overwhelming pressure upon its ability to provide physical infrastructure and urban social support according with its size and dimension. However when considering the type of occupation that occurred in the periphery, where the ruling was the low-income and poor instructional level, which saw was the dissemination of 'centers of subsistence' equipped with central goods of limited range and reduced threshold without greater power of polarization. Salvador was poor and attracted poorest consolidating in a low-income city position.
    Keywords: R12 ; R11 ; ddc:330 ; City ; centrality ; urban ; regional ; Salvador
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    Language: Portuguese
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: O crescimento econômico tem sido uma das grandes questões da sociedade atual. Desde 2008 as grandes potências vêm enfrentando dificuldades para retornar ao ciclo de desenvolvimento pelo qual passavam antes da crise mundial afetando os países emergentes que, por sua vez, devem buscar uma maior eficiência para enfrentar o cenário de maior competição econômica global. Nesse contexto, esse trabalho preocupa-se com a seguinte questão: do ponto de vista social, quais setores da economia apresentam uma melhor combinação no uso dos insumos disponíveis na sociedade para a obtenção de sua produção, de forma que a acumulação de capital seja obtida do modo mais eficiente possível? Para estudar essa questão, foi analisado o Estado de Minas Gerais, terceira maior economia dentre os Estados brasileiros. O objetivo é avaliar quais são os setores econômicos mais eficientes na geração de capital e qual o impacto no Valor Bruto da Produção estadual, caso todos os setores produzissem de forma eficiente. Para a medida de eficiência setorial foi utilizada a Análise Envoltória de Dados (DEA), uma abordagem não-paramétrica que analisa a conversão de insumos em produtos, que permite quantificar a quantidade de produtos que pode ser expandida sem a necessidade de mais insumos, considerando que existem unidades eficientes que conseguem fazê-lo. Os dados utilizados foram retirados da matriz insumo-produto do estado de Minas Gerais, representando as relações de compra e venda de 35 setores. Os setores foram agrupados em 4 grupos: agricultura, agroindústria, indústria e serviços. Inicialmente, foram calculadas as medidas de eficiência para todos os setores. Considerando um modelo com retornos variáveis, isto é, sem a influência da escala de produção, 13 setores foram considerados eficientes. Tomando-se como referência os setores mais eficientes, a metodologia DEA permite projetar o valor da produção que poderia ser obtido nos setores que apresentaram ineficiência técnica. Caso todos os setores operassem de forma equivalente, isto é, com a mesma eficiência em transformar capital em mais capital, o valor bruto da produção em Minas Gerais poderia crescer em até 40%. Após agregar os setores econômicos, verificou-se que, em média, os setores ligados à agropecuária são os mais eficientes, seguidos dos setores de serviço, da agroindústria e, por fim, da indústria. Considerando os resultados da simulação com orientação produto, ou seja, eliminar as ineficiências com aumento da produção, mantendo constante o uso dos insumos, percebe-se que para a convergência de eficiência entre os setores, a indústria deveria aumentar sua produção em 77,8%, a agroindústria em 54,3%, o setor de serviços em 12,6% e a agropecuária em 9,1%. As simulações mostram o potencial de economia de recursos com a eliminação das ineficiências técnicas de produção, ou ainda uma reorganização produtiva, com a alocação de novos investimentos nos setores mais eficientes.
    Keywords: E17 ; C67 ; ddc:330 ; Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications ; Input-Output Models
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    Language: Portuguese
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: A concentração industrial no Brasil condicionou uma série de investigações acerca de suas causas e consequências em âmbito regional e local. Diante disso, este artigo tem como objetivo analisar a concentração industrial no Nordeste brasileiro, a partir da distribuição espacial da mão de obra formal, adotado como indicador de desempenho das atividades industriais na região. Para tanto, recorre-se a revisão de literatura e, em seguida, utilizam-se métodos de análise regional. Os dados são da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais ? RAIS do Ministério do Trabalho e do Emprego ? MT, para os anos de 1990, 2000 e 2010. A partir do Quociente Locacional (QL) e do Coeficiente de Localização (CL), os resultados mostram que a mão de obra ocupada na indústria nordestina concentra-se em três estados: Bahia, Pernambuco e Ceará. Por sua vez, o Coeficiente de Especialização (Cesp) e o Coeficiente de Reestruturação (Cr), mostraram relativa estabilidade na estrutura produtiva em todos os estados da região Nordeste, sem grandes variações ao longo dos anos em estudo. Esses resultados apontam para a ineficiência da tentativa de desconcentração da atividade industrial, permanecendo a fragmentação econômica de uma região periférica.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Economia regional ; Nordeste ; métodos de análise regional
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    Language: Portuguese
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: O artigo tem como objetivo analisar as configurações do emprego formal agropecuário brasileiro, considerando-se as atividades de cultivo e de criação (segundo a Classificação Nacional de Atividades Econômicas ? CNAE, 1995). Os dados são da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais ? RAIS do Ministério do Trabalho e do Emprego ? MTE. O recorte temporal compreende os anos de 2001, 2006 e 2011, e a dimensão geográfica abrange as cinco macrorregiões brasileiras. Metodologicamente, recorre-se a uma revisão de literatura e, posteriormente, à análise estatística. Para tanto, são construídos o Quociente Locacional (QL) e o Coeficiente de Localização (CL). Os principais resultados mostram que há divergência espacial nos empregos formais das atividades agropecuárias. O Quociente Locacional evidenciou desempenho diferenciado entre as atividades de cultivo e criação e entre as regiões, com concentração acentuada de algumas atividades em algumas regiões. Além disso, o Coeficiente de Localização registrou maior participação regional das atividades que se destacam nacionalmente. Ou seja, aquelas que são ocupadoras potenciais em nível de Brasil, sobressaem na geração de postos formais de trabalho em suas regiões, em detrimento das demais atividades.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Quociente Locacional ; Coeficiente de Localização ; emprego formal ; atividades de
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  • 21
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: The theory of poles of growth appeared in a seminal work of François Perroux in 1955 and had a great influence on the Latin American thought in the decades of 1960 and 1970 as an important tool for reducing regional inequalities. In Brazil was no different. By possessing an extensive territory, with depressed regions and with an economy that is highly concentrated in the Southeast region of the country, especially in São Paulo, the theory of the Poles was used as a way to mitigate latent regional problems. Proof of the importance of the theory of the poles can be proven through the urban and Regional Planning seminar on Latin America organized by the Latin American Institute of Economic and Social Planning (ILPES) in 1972 in Chile in which is discussed widely its validity for Latin American economies. However, as noted by Boisier (1980) are there really growth Poles? Will attend the funeral of the theory? Does the theory of the poles is dead? At the conclusion of this same work Boisier (1980) responds to this question stating that NO, the theory of the poles is not dead, but no doubt has experienced a profound metamorphosis. Given these changes, metamorphoses, refinements and due to the importance of the theory of the Poles in economic science this investigation aims to take stock about the Theory of the growth Poles in the last 60 years (1955-2015), seeking to identify the context of its emergence, its theoretical influences, as well as their main criticisms or shortcomings, ending with the possibility of application of the theory in the present day in a globalized economy and environment oligopolizada. The problem of research that guides all of the work is: As poles of growth theory can be applied in regional analysis in the context of recent economic science? The overall objective is to identify which tools of the theory can still be applied in regional analysis and which need better refinement. The methodology used bibliographical research concerning the major publications on the theory in the last 40 years. About the work of Perroux, the research focused on their jobs 'Economic Space', 'the poles of growth', the concept of 'growth Poles' and 'Driving firm in a region and the Driving Region'. The main conclusion of this study is that the theory of the Poles still represents an important tool of regional analysis.
    Keywords: O18 ; ddc:330 ; polos de crescimento ; desenvolvimento regional ; industria
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    Language: Portuguese
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: The health of both farmers and consumers of tobacco has attracted the attention of international organizations. The Framework Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC), in its article 18, emphasizes the responsibility of countries with respect to protection of the environment and human health in the tobacco production process, since its cultivation brings serious risks to the environment and the health of farmers. Tobacco has established itself as one of the main agricultural products grown in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The production structure is made up mostly of small family farms with intensive use of labor of work and has in tobacco plants the main source of income. The purpose of the article is to identify the risks to which tobacco farming families are exposed and consequences on quality of life and health of workers in the rural areas. In research conducted by Lecours (2011), there is a series of impacts on tobacco farmer's health, the main risks associated with tobacco growing: the disease of green leaf, pesticide exposure, respiratory problems, and musculoskeletal injuries and skin diseases. The research is characterized as qualitative and descriptive and the data collection was carried out through field research, through semi-structured interviews and participant observation with producer families of tobacco, in the municipalities of Agudo and Paraíso do Sul. It can be seen that there are eminent risks highlighted in the literature on health of tobacco farmers, symptoms of green leaf disease were highlighted by most families, besides the exposure to pesticides. It is noticed that the FCTC controls are still weak and do not look to the risks of tobacco in the first link in the chain, which are the families that produce it.
    Keywords: I19 ; ddc:330 ; Tobacco ; health ; families
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    Language: Portuguese
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: This paper aims to analyze, from a legal perspective, the public policies of Science, Technology and Innovation offered by the Brazilian government, more specifically, the Innovation Act (Lei de Inovação), in order to verify the effectiveness and impact of this measure for development, in the Brazilian entrepreneurial scene. Through empirical research and comparative method, this research seeks to answer, preliminarily, the following questions: a) What is innovation? b) The State should act in the innovation process?; c) What is the relationship beetween innovation and development?; d) What are the aspects of public policies of Science, Technology and Innovation offered by the Brazilian government made available to entrepreneurs in the Innovation Law? What is the effectiveness and impact of this measure in the Brazilian entrepreneurial scenario? The questioning of the article was analyzed based on the premise that innovation is essential to the development of a society and its economy. Innovation is not only limited to radical ruptures, such as the introduction of smart watches or autonomous cars, but it also covers moderate advances, such as new product specific production methods, new ways of customer service or (re)configuration of bureaucratic procedures in order to speed them up. Thus, innovation is presented from the need to solve problems that citizens, whether entrepreneurs or not, appears in any given moment. An innovative society tends to have a higher quality of life, higher productivity and, consequently, the factors for the nation?s economic growth in which it resides. It turns out that in developing countries, the private sector, that is, entrepreneurs, don't always have the resources, opportunity, know-how and structure to take the risk of investments in Research, Development and Innovation (RD&I) as assumed initially by Schumpeter. These entrepreneurs prefer to license technology from foreign nations or larger companies, which have been tested and proven, rather than take the risk of spending millions of dollars on products, services, innovative processes that do not have the expected profit, or even, doesn't go beyond a mere prototype. Thus, as highlighted by neo-schumpeterians economists, the State presents itself as a key player in these countries, since it has conditions, financial and technical, to stimulate, either through direct measurements, either through indirect measures, innovation. We concluded that Brazil presents advances in this sector and most of public policies managed to have efficacy for entrepreneurs, but it is also necessary institutional changes in the process of receiving these incentives and in its supervision, improving them, so that companies incubated may have the same competitivety of foreign companies.
    Keywords: L5 ; N46 ; O1 ; ddc:330 ; institutionalism ; law and development ; innovation
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  • 24
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: A dinâmica do desenvolvimento econômico regional encontra pressupostos teóricos na evolução da ciência regional quanto proposta de explicação dos fenômenos das aglomerações e da desconcentração das atividades produtivas. As políticas de desenvolvimento econômico implantadas no Brasil lograram desempenho satisfatório das taxas de crescimento econômico no auge do modelo de crescimento por endividamento externo, e apresentaram fracassos das ações, logo nos primeiros sinais de ausência de financiamento do crédito no mercado financeiro internacional. Nesse sentido, este artigo tem como objetivo analisar o crescimento econômico brasileiro, a partir da teoria do desenvolvimento econômico regional e do crescimento econômico em ciclos. Metodologicamente buscou-se suporte teórico no arcabouço citado e, em seguida, construíram-se indicadores de crescimento econômico regional, a partir dos dados do Produto Interno Bruto ? PIB brasileiro no recorte temporal que compreende os anos de 1950-2010. Os resultados mostraram concentração acentuadamente elevada do PIB na região economicamente mais dinâmica do país (Sudeste), mesmo com redução relativa ao longo dos anos, bem como ocorrência de mudanças estruturais nas atividades econômicas brasileiras. A indústria ganha destaque ao longo dos anos em que as políticas industriais foram induzidas no país e perde participação em meio às mudanças macroeconômicas assistidas em contexto de inflação elevada e desestabilização das contas externas brasileiras.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Desenvolvimento regional ; Crescimento econômico ; Políticas de des. reg. Brasil
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  • 25
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: A institucionalização de regiões ocorre por meio da definição de critérios, que estabelecem as regiões, no que se refere à abrangência territorial, possibilitando sua funcionalidade em relação à articulação de atores regionais, nos âmbitos sociais, políticos e econômicos, para que as regiões se tornem politicamente relevantes, não sofrendo de passividade com ações concebidas e implementadas ?de fora para dentro? e ?de cima para baixo?. Neste aspecto, as Políticas Públicas de Desenvolvimento Regional ficam fortalecidas, quando são construídas pelo conjunto de coalizões de atores sociais, engajados nos processos de desenvolvimento das regiões, que propiciem essas condições. Esses resultados são alcançados, por meio de mecanismos de Governança, a partir da compreensão dos processos que contribuem na criação de territórios reconhecidos como ?entes coletivos?, em que as regiões são construídas, consolidadas, transformadas e decompostas por interações sociais, políticas e econômicas, buscando ações conjugadas e eficazes, com transparência e participação, solucionando os problemas das regiões, proporcionando condições sustentáveis de desenvolvimento regional a todos os agentes participantes. Neste sentido, a Governança envolve além dos critérios institucionais que estabelecem as regiões, como também, a criação de mecanismos de organização econômica, social e política, capazes de propiciar a construção de elementos, que contribuam para a elaboração de Políticas Públicas de Desenvolvimento Regional (BANDEIRA, 1999). A realidade das regiões metropolitanas, não é diferente. As condições de desenvolvimento das regiões metropolitanas estão condicionados à interação dos diversos atores nesses territórios. Para tanto, o estabelecimento das regiões metropolitanas, também está condicionada por critérios institucionais que irão estabelecer o reconhecimento do complexo espaço metropolitano como uma região, passível de ser desenvolvida. Diante disso, o objetivo do artigo é analisar os espaços, conselhos e fóruns de construção de Políticas Públicas, que garantem as condições institucionais da Governança da Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre (Brasil), para compreender o comportamento e o relacionamento desses atores regionais, com o objetivo de encontrar elementos que contribuam na construção de um Sistema de Governança Metropolitana na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre. Essa iniciativa poderá oferecer subsídios e informações na construção de Politicas Públicas de Desenvolvimento Regional, de forma coordenada e transversal, entre a sociedade civil organizada, empresas, universidades e os entes estatais nos seus 3 (três) âmbitos (municipal, estadual e federal). Inicialmente, será realizada uma revisão bibliográfica sobre os critérios utilizados para a institucionalização de regiões. A partir da compreensão desses critérios, eles serão classificados de forma a estabelecer uma tipologia dos elementos que institucionalizam regiões. Dessa maneira, os critérios serão relacionados com os espaços de Governança Metropolitana existentes, observando se os critérios que dão origem à região metropolitana, possuem espaços de Governança correspondentes, para dar condições ao desenvolvimento regional.
    Keywords: R1 ; ddc:330 ; Regiões Metropolitanas ; Governança Metropolitana ; Desenvolvimento Regional
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2017-01-25
    Description: This article proposes an analysis of central places, both the size of the urban center as the size of the regional centrality, as a product of international interests (exogenous), using the historical case study methodology, adopting as its object a theme widely considered to be exhausted that is the Salvador city's founding and of course, the first steps of the Brazilian nation, with an analysis will from their first economic cycle: pau-brasil cycle. In the construction of ideas and historical recovery favors the tertiary sector, seeking concrete historical evidence of its slow socioeconomic acceptance until the advent of capitalism. Makes a rereading the concept of formation of cities and your metabolism and some of its intrinsic elements. Concluded that there was no intention by the Portuguese founder in creating a centrality in the size of the urban center, which for lack of an internal market took more than fifty years based on trade in basic subsistence products, however Salvador was born as the main regional centrality of the southern hemisphere of the sixteenth century remained in this condition until the seventeenth century.
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: 122 ; 128 ; ddc:330 ; Privatuniversität ; Hochschulfinanzierung ; Brasilien
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    Language: Portuguese
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper describes the implementation process of the Transnordestina Railway, which has been built under the scope of the Institutional Constraints on Implementation of Investment in Infrastructure project in Brazil. It looks for answering questions as such: Which institutional factors conditioned the implementation pace of the Transnordestina Railway project? What are the institutional innovations that were used to start up the project? These questions organize up the text around a list of institutional analysis variables, which were detected during the research process. The railway construction is lagging from its initial completion date of 2010 and its implementation value rised up. The text points out that many problems have arisen during the stages of planning and execution of the project. One of the research fidings is that the lack of knowledge about the implementation difficulties extended the project completion deadline, such as increased its financial, social and environmental cost.
    Keywords: H54 ; J68 ; O18 ; R42 ; ddc:330 ; infrastructure ; transports ; railways
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  • 29
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This study examines the relationship between institutional quality and capital flows to emerging economies. Such index correspond to a structural long-run determinant to capital flows and is actually little discussed in the literature. The 13 economies analyzed between 2000-2014 accounted for over 70% of the JPMorgan Emerging Markets Bond Index Global in September 2016. The model specification has the merit to measure the direct and indirect effects of the variables considered exogenous in domestic fundamentals which according to our knowledge is an innovative approach. The main results suggest that improved institutional quality of the emerging economy is closely linked to increased capital inflow, particularly to foreign direct investment. A typical increase in institutional quality could compensate emerging economies for an adverse international liquidity or global risk aversion shocks.
    Keywords: F21 ; F36 ; G38 ; C23 ; ddc:330 ; capital flow ; emerging economies ; governance and institutional qualities
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  • 30
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The challenge of performing environmental governance at the international level has resulted in the creation of several environmental agreements focused on the common interests involved in the management of natural resources among countries. In recent decades, there has been a proliferation of such agreements, which made the environment the second area with the largest number of international agreements in the world (second only to international trade), which indicates the growing importance given to environmental issues in international arenas. Among these agreements, we highlight the result of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio-92): the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. This paper presents an overview of the status of implementation of these conventions in Brazil, focusing on the governance framework (institutional and legal), as well as on the actions taken to meet the commitments arising from these agreements. Main gaps and some of the challenges to be faced in the implementation of the analyzed conventions in Brazil are also identified.
    Keywords: Q58 ; ddc:330 ; international environmental agreements ; evaluation of public policies ; environment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 31
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper assumes that the recognition of the diversity of popular strategies for the collective generation of jobs and income is a key step in the creation of mechanisms to the promotion of their productive potential. The aim was to analyze the main information provided by the System database Solidarity Economy Information (Sies) to draw an overview of the operational structure of the social economy enterprises in Brazil. In this sense, the work focused more directly on information to provide a more comprehensive characterization of their organizational, economic and political dimensions, also trying to capture the structural differentiation factors among solidarity economy enterprises in the country. The data discussed reaffirm the hypothesis of structural heterogeneity that characterizes these enterprises.
    Keywords: J54 ; Z13 ; ddc:330 ; solidarity economy ; collective enterprises ; socio-structural dimensions ; income generation ; public policy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This text aims to analyze the data of "solidarity finance" enterprises that make up the Information System of Solidarity Economy (Sies). The most common types of projects featured in this category are: community bank, credit cooperative and revolving fund. Each has different origing and operational structure. Such experiments are generally created in order to provide lines and credit channels more streamlined, taking into account the characteristics of this type of socioeconomic organization and enable viable alternatives to the official credit system and market. As in all branches of manifestation of solidarity economy, among solidarity finance enterprises there are also different examples of successful actions, as well as structural factors of precariousness.
    Keywords: J54 ; Z13 ; ddc:330 ; solidarity economy ; developments of solidarity finance ; collective organization ; local development ; self-management
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: In June 1961 the American economist Douglass North visited Brazil for 3 weeks, for a mission organized by the US State Department and Instituto Brasileiro de Economia (IBRE-FGV). The goals of North's Brazilian mission were to evaluate Sudene's plans for the Northeast - which involved meeting Celso Furtado -, to give lectures on regional growth and assess the quality of economics courses in the country. This paper deals with the "meeting" between North and Furtado in the broad sense of the word, that is, not only the actual meeting of June 20 1961, but also the meeting of their respective ideas about how to develop the economy of the Northeast. It is based on new material formed by original documents of the "Douglass North Papers" collection held at Duke University Library.
    Keywords: B25 ; N01 ; ddc:330 ; Douglass North ; Celso Furtado ; Northeast ; migration ; development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: In Brazil, the Technical Assistance and Rural Extension services originated in the late 1940s, when the Association of Credit and Rural Assistance was created in the state of Minas Gerais in 1948. The purpose of this work is to analyze the evolution of such service in Brazil since its creation and its relation with family agriculture, culminating with considerations about the recent National Policy of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension (Pnater). For this, a brief history of rural extension in Brazil is presented, as well as a summary of the current situation of this service in the country and the discussion about the reformulation of the public rural extension service, main service provider for family farmers. The actual construction of this new public system is still almost entirely to be done. To rebuild at least part of its capacity and to build partnerships with non-state entities for this purpose, while incorporating new concepts into the process, is not a trivial task. There are doubts about the state's capacity to conduct this work, as well as the results that will be obtained from this.
    Keywords: Q1 ; Q16 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; family farming ; technical assistance ; rural extension ; National Technical Assistance and Rural Extension Policy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 35
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The main purpose of this paper is to calculate the effective total factor productivity (ETFP) of the Brazilian agricultural and industrial sectors during 1990-2009. The results are the following: all sectors have reached high ETFPs, with a few exceptions; however, the ETFPs have not mobilized many or all sectors of their supply chains. So the main policy recommendation is the development in Brazil of regulatory and contract legal rules that constitute actual and appropriate benchmarks.
    Keywords: D2 ; D4 ; ddc:330 ; effective total factor productivity ; brazilian agriculture ; brazilian manufacturing
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The objective of this text is to present an overview of the trajectory of the infrastructure policies in Brazil in the recent period (2005-2013). In order to do so, it highlights the main efforts and advances towards the resumption of the role of the federal government in the sector, as well as it points to the limits and obstacles that contributed to the production of incomplete results and partial achievements in terms of project implementation and effectiveness. The analysis of the historical trajectory draws from three interrelated analytical categories: political-institutional environment, institutional arrangements and instruments of public action. The main conclusion is that the advances in the development of instruments and arrangements were incomplete and insufficient. Incomplete because they failed to overcome some of internal limitations (such as planning failures and decision-making processes isolated from civil society). Insufficient because, even if they were fully developed, they would still face difficulties in counterbalancing external constraints and the governance challenges imposed by the Brazilian political-institutional environment (such as a fragmentation of the state apparatus and the short-term interests of political actors inside the logic of the political system).
    Keywords: H54 ; O18 ; O21 ; ddc:330 ; infrastructure ; instruments ; public policy arrangements ; investment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 37
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: In Brazil, it has been difficult to elaborate governmental planning surpassing the four-year spectrum from the Pluriannual Plans. Despite the fact of long-term planning attracting a wide range of sectors, it still occupies a small space in both political and State agendas. Hence, the present study intends to initiate a new cycle of debates regarding the issue as it presents questions and factors to subsidy long-term strategies. Using methodological tools from Strategic Prospective, we present trends and uncertainties regarding social problems in the Brazilian case - contemplating topics such as demographic changes, inequalities, urban and social infrastructure, years of schooling of the population and the use of technology in education. This study is part of Brazil 2035, a project whose objective is to provide subsidies to formulate long-term development strategies for Brazil through Prospective Scenarios. Thus, this text presents a preliminary stage of a prospective process regarding the identification and analysis of the main variables. We do not intend to be conclusive; but rather to present some key factors and questions, which will affect Brazilian development until 2035.
    Keywords: I00 ; J10 ; J11 ; L38 ; O18 ; ddc:330 ; strategic prospective ; prospective scenarios ; long-term planning ; society ; public policy ; demographic changes ; urban and social infrastructure ; education and culture
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 38
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of the One Computer Per Student Program (Prouca), from the National Education Development Fund (FNDE), performance in the Brazil Test (Prova Brasil) and the National High School Examination (ENEM), both at school level, using the differences-in-differences method combined with the propensity score matching (PSM), and at the student level, using the PSM. The results showed that the program had a positive impact on students' performance in the final years of the Brazil Test (Portuguese and mathematics) and in the Enem language and codes and writing tests in 2010, as well as in all tests in 2011 - including the average of the exams - except in writing. At the school level, the program had a positive impact on the writing test and the average of the Enem assessments, the analysis between 2009 and 2010, and the natural science and writing tests as well as in the total average, in the research between 2009 and 2011.
    Keywords: C32 ; D04 ; ddc:330 ; One Computer Per Student Program ; Enem ; Brazil Test ; differences in differences ; propensity score matching
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: We use data from the period 2009-15 to estimate the impact of the public policy aiming to decrease the taxes paid by companies over their payroll. The objective of this program, so called Less Taxes on the Payroll ("Desoneração da Folha de Pagamento"), was to burst the employment in the firms benefited by the tax cut. Overall our econometric results show no employment effect of this program.
    Keywords: C32 ; D04 ; ddc:330 ; tax cut ; employment ; payroll taxes ; public program evaluation ; difference in difference
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Although there is agreement that the effect of broadband expansion on the economy, from an general overview, is positive; not an unanimous voice arguments that this impact be positive on all sectors. By applying a multivariate two way panel data model and estimated by bayesian methodology, this study aims to determine the effect of broadband expansion on the sectors of the economy. In order to take into account the geographical, social and economic differences among municipalities cluster analysis was employed in order to isolate groups of municipalities with approximate characteristics. The results illustrate that the impact of broadband is not positive for all sectors, being positive in the most dynamic and technology-intensive sectors such as the industrial and service sectors; and negative where this does not happen as in agricultural sector.
    Keywords: O57 ; O47 ; L69 ; ddc:330 ; broadband ; multivariate model ; panel data ; clustering ; Gibbs sampler
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 41
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The objective of this paper was to analyze how the process of formation of a national identity of the solidarity economy movement in Brazil was developed around a mobilizing paradigm in defense of associated work and economic relations not restricted to the mercantile sphere. In this sense, we sought to identify some of its main contextual particularities, such as: its multiplicity of subjects, its organizational strategies and its political interactions. It is a pluralistic social movement, composed of distinct identities, connected around common principles of economic organization and social reproduction. The research allowed to identify a repertoire with diversified routines of collective action, and a pattern of interaction with the public power very active, taking advantage of important contextual political opportunities, especially with respect to governments permeable to these ideas in their agendas.
    Keywords: J23 ; J59 ; ddc:330 ; solidarity economy ; social movements ; public policy ; repertoires of collective action ; sociology of absences and emergencies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The Índice de Vulnerabilidade Social (IVS) and the Atlas da Vulnerabilidade Social (AVS) of the municipalities and metropolitan regions arise by an effort of selection, development and georeferencing of indicators that could express conditions of social vulnerability in the different scales of brazilian territory. Such conditions may emerge from plural factors that are part of the social issue, like the contexts of income and labour, education and health, mobility, habitation and sanitation. The IVS is a sinthetic index constructed with indicators that express fragilities of this social factors. The text below presentes the process of criation of the IVS from your conceptual, methodological and statiscal aspects and limitations. After this presentation, the work will show na analysis of some IVS results, as well as your dimensions and indicatores for the years of 2000 e 2010, in order to delineate the conditions of social vulnerability in the brazilian territory and exemplify ways of data analysis available in the AVS.
    Keywords: O15 ; O18 ; R23 ; J15 ; ddc:330 ; social vulnerability ; sinthetic index ; Brazil ; public policy ; regional development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: E21 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 44
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Investment funds are key institutions for understanding the dynamics of a country's financial wealth and for analysing the interaction between wealth owners and the macroeconomic policy management. This text has three fundamental objectives: firstly, it seeks to construct a profit proxy of the investment fund industry for the analysis of its evolution in Brazil, from 2003 to 2015. The first task is to conceptualize it, the second is its measurement under the various possible cuts, given the availability of data. Secondly, it seek to analyse how the wealth managed by the sector moved, under three distinct lenses: by class of funds, by type of assets and by segment of investor. Finally, the changes in the portfolios managed by the five largest fund managers - which in December 2015 were responsible for the management of 70% of the total net assets of the investment funds - BB-DTVM, BRAM (Bradesco Asset Manager), Caixa, Itaú and Santander are examined. The final section of the paper brings the main conclusions of the research.
    Keywords: G23 ; ddc:330 ; institutional investors ; investment funds ; profits
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 45
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The objective of this study is to predict the potential broadband market in Brazil. This task is done by combining information from two national databases: the Demographic Census of 2010 and the National Survey by Household Sample (Pnad) of 2015. The Pnad 2015 is used to estimate the probability of the household accessing internet by broadband technology using a logit regression. The broadband market is predicted using the estimated model with the same covariates found in the Demographic Census 2010. The prediction indicated a potential market of 45 million households, an additional of 6 million households in relation to the current situation. The new size of the broadband market is estimated if there is a 10% increase in the average penetration of broadband services in the main metropolitan regions. In this scenario, it is observed that the new market reaches 50,7 million households.
    Keywords: L51 ; L96 ; ddc:330 ; broadband ; internet ; logit regression ; potential market ; prediction
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The Bolsa Família programme (PBF) has, since its inception, given priority to women as the recipients of the cash benefit. This arrangement makes the connection between the PBF and changes in gender relations the object of several research interests. The purpose of this text is to discuss the findings of this research. The conclusion is that, although its design can reinforce the idea that caregiving is a female responsibility, the PBF leads to the questioning of male authority and broadens the social networks of women, with the potential to yield changes in the structure of gender relations.
    Keywords: I38 ; ddc:330 ; government policy ; provision and effects of welfare programs
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This study is part of Brasil 2035 a project whose objective is to provide subsidies to formulate long-term strategies for Brazil through Prospective Scenarios. The present text uses the prospective methodology, in order to present tendencies and uncertainties for public security. The article is divided in three areas, which are: crime and the sense of security; public security policies; and law enforcement policies. On the conclusion of the text, we recognize the limits of the work and highlight the importance of the actors to change the future, worrying tendencies, desirable objectives and the need for long-term planning for Brasil.
    Keywords: O29 ; D63 ; K14 ; K38 ; K42 ; L38 ; ddc:330 ; planning ; development ; prospective ; public policy ; public security ; crime ; violence
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 48
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Since the 1930s, the Brazilian State has built a national system of labour relations. In the following decades, this system underwent many changes, as well the country itself (which became urbanized, industrialized etc.). At the present time, there is a new wave of changes in the labour relations system - which will be analyzed, in this article, only in its aspects more directly related to the work realm. This new wave, initiated with a set of legislative proposals, will alter the balance between workers' protections and freedoms of employers. Assuming the perspective of the former, this article analyzes the possibilities opened by Law no 13.467/2017 (recently approved), as well as its problems and contradictions.
    Keywords: J00 ; J50 ; J80 ; ddc:330 ; labor relations ; workers ; employers
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 49
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: In the last decades, in an attempt to promote a model of agriculture of high productivity in the semiarid, successive governments have invested in the water infrastructure for the creation of several irrigation districts in the region. The purpose of this work is to analyze historically the evolution of irrigated agriculture and the policy options of the Federal Government in relation to its development in the Brazilian semiarid. From this portrait, the objective is to discuss the potential of irrigated agriculture as an inducer of agricultural development in the region and about different policy options for irrigation in the semiarid region. The success of these ventures in relation to the income and jobs generated, number of farmers settled, companies installed, among other factors, is diverse. There are those perimeters installed at the Petrolina and Juazeiro poles, which have developed over the decades until they reached the current stage, in which a modern and profitable agricultural production is turned to export. Otherwise, there are those that have not been completed and are partially operative.
    Keywords: Q1 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; semiarid ; irrigated agriculture ; national irrigation policy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 50
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The adequate availability of infrastructure and its related services, is mandatory condition for further development of the country's competitive advantages, intensifying the productive specialization. Due to limited financial capacity, in the course of the last three decades, there have been an increasing private participation in these sectors under privatizations, concessions and Private-Public Partnerships (PPPs). This work has the following goals: i) to summarize the evolution of the concession's system in Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Colombia and USA, aiming to identify the characteristics and alternatives developed by each country; and ii) to conduct an economic analyze of the concession contracts between the public and private entities, focusing on the economic regulation aspects. We found a learning historic evolution, based in continuous enhancement of the public policy and in different degrees of success. The economic regulation aims to evolve in several issues as the risk-sharing, application of incentives and penalization and selection criteria, in despite of the difficulties created by economic crises. It's worth highlighting some innovations as: (Brazil) use of an "Investment trigger" to require capacity expansion; Use of real demand to reset the Financial-Economic Equilibrium (EEF); Distribution of productivity gains (Factor X); Use of the concession length as a tool to reset the EEF; (Chile) MVPR as selection criteria and risk-sharing tool; MCC as exchange rate risk-sharing tool; (Mexico) use of an account to accommodate the facility return at the concession end; Penalties grading system; (Colombia) use of a Trust Fund; Minimum revenue guarantee mechanism (MGR); (USA) Legislation and financial innovations; DBFOM mechanism. Part of the foreigner experience may contribute for the improvement of the Brazilian concession model. Notoriously, learning from the Mexican and Colombian experience, there are some policies shouldn't be carried out in Brazil. From the Chilean, the MVPR stands out as a solid success, commonly replicated by other countries. It's worth noting that Brazil has the largest share of highways under concession. Furthermore, it's possible that the share is near to its own limit (around 25%), as the highways that can attract the private sector, based on the vehicle flow, are mostly already contracted. To the left part of the share there are two alternatives: sponsored PPP and/or public resources. The PPPs mechanism, which includes fee payment from the private investor and requires the highway availability, would involve a cross-subsidy between the financially viable and non-viable projects using a trust fund. This mechanism failed in Chile. Beyond that, it's worth noting that the use of cross-subsidy creates unwelcome economic signs and, since Adam Smith, it's well known that it doesn't stimulates good results. The majority of the highway network is not attractive for private investor, thanks to low intensity traffic, requiring the use of public resources.
    Keywords: L51 ; L92 ; R48 ; ddc:330 ; highway concessions ; economic regulation ; concession's agreement ; public-private partnership
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  • 51
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    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 52
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    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 53
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: One of the basic features of last decade was the formation of groups of emerging economies, as well as the acceptance of their role as important players in the determination of global growth. Recent years have shown, however, a fall in the rate of growth of these economies. In this article we show their relative weight in recent years. It is argued that there should be more proactive external trade policies by these countries as a means to foster their presence in the international scenario. Furthermore, these economies should be prepared to face a future situation of less availability of resources in the international market, at least not in the favorable conditions available in recent years.
    Keywords: F14 ; F42 ; F44 ; F62 ; F63 ; O19 ; ddc:330 ; emerging economies ; global scenario ; environment to trade ; cost or resources ; investment ; future perspectives ; financial transmission
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 54
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Capital stock in residential structures, as well as the distribution of its appropriation and ownership among families are fundamental determinants of the wealth, welfare and productivity of the economy. As part of a broad project on the stock of capital of the Brazilian economy in the 20th Century, this paper presents estimates of the value of the stock in residential structures in Brazil from 1970 to 1999. The macroeconomic focus neglects the distributive and allocative effects of residential property and use. The model of hedonic prices is applied to data on the values of rents and other characteristic of the residences - number of rooms and bathroom, construction material, accesss to public servies such as electricity, water, garbage collection, among other - to estimate the hedonic prices of these attributes. After the introduction, the models discusss the specification of the hedonic model as well as of other hypothesis used in the estimation. The third section describes the database. The fourth section discusses estimation methods and problems. The fifth section analyses the results showing, on the one hand, that they seem to be quite reasonable in international perspective, and on the other that attributes related to the public infrastructure have fundamental impactos on the value to residential stock. The paper concludes calling attention to the high social return of public investments in infrastructure, and in particular of the investments and financing of housing projects for low income families which can have substantial effectos on the wealth, productive capacity, and welfare of Brazilian society.
    Keywords: G32 ; G38 ; L22 ; G31 ; ddc:330 ; residential structure ; housing wealth ; hedonic prices ; Brazil
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 55
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The Household Budget Survey from IBGE is the only source of microeconomic data on savings of Brazilian families. As this research has been carried out at intervals of at least five years, it is important to discuss and empirically assess whether the estimated models with latest lagged research data are able to produce reliable projections of aggregate current savings rate and future of Brazilian families from current observations of predictive variables that are available from annual frequency for researches.Alternative projection models are estimated with predictive variables suggested by the literature on consumption and savings. One is based on the procedure used by the IBGE to project the aggregate savings rate. Other uses of non-linear structure of Heckman model to take into account the fact that a proportionally high amount of families have zero savings. As the work is focused on the aggregate savings rate, an important methodological aspect is that the models need to be estimated with the weight of each family given by its sample participation on aggregate income.The decompositions of Blinder-Oaxaca and of Neuman-Oaxaca show that the difference between the saving rates estimated with the versions of the POF 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 has been explained in greater extent by changes in the estimated coefficients of the projection models, leaving a secondary role for the effect of changes in sample means of predictive characteristics. This result undermines the use of models estimated with POF data in the projection of aggregate savings rate of Brazilian households, since only the second effect is observed in years without availability of POF.
    Keywords: C01 ; E21 ; ddc:330 ; aggregate household savings rate ; Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition ; Neuman-Oaxaca decomposition
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  • 56
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This text discusses the dynamics of cultural funding in the Brazilian federal government from 1995 to 2013. It describes the historical context and faces some of the arguments present in the public debate on the principles that can justify reforms in the administration of culture and reconfiguration of the stock financing model public in the area. Moreover, it faces discussion of these general ideas in the light of the plurality of criteria and instruments used by the public administration. The dialectic between general ideas, tools and practices allows for more precise delimitation between the financing paradigms or models.
    Keywords: Z18 ; ddc:330 ; financing of public policies ; cultural policies ; cultural spending
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 57
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: I280 ; ddc:330 ; Bildungspolitik ; Verwaltungskontrolle ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 58
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: H83 ; ddc:330 ; Öffentliche Verwaltung ; Ombudsmann ; Verwaltungskontrolle ; Partizipation ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 59
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The common sense remarks that Brazilian public service has a chronic oversize, a characteristic of a patronage and entrenched patrimonialism and partisanship. This paper shows evidences that refute this common sense. In addition, the paper offers recommendations and proposals to overcome this vulgarized perception. The responsibility to discuss the role, image and also the size of Brazilian State is a strategic challenge to move forward to the improvement of public services, with the guarantee of rights and inclusive development. Aligned with the idea of active transparency, it is proposed to offer regular and proper information about Brazilian public service, through systematic processes of accountability; the formulation of a ten-year plan of organization, qualification and innovation of public service; and the creation of an observatory of public service.
    Keywords: H11 ; H60 ; ddc:330 ; State ; public administration ; civil service ; people management
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 60
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The present study has the main objective to analyze the labor market dynamics in the Matopiba region and to compare it with the evolution of the Brazilian agribusiness labor market as a whole. The paper is part of a broader research project that aims to make a diagnosis of the socioeconomics and the institutional conditions of the Brazilian Northeast and North macro-regions, in order to subsidize the implementation of public policies. Using the data from the Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (Pnad) Contínua between the first quarter of 2012 and the first quarter of 2016, it was clear that, on the one hand, although agribusiness generated an increasingly smaller number of jobs within the sector itself, on the other, managed to boost the labor market of Matopiba, increasing the average income of the employed population of the region and improving the local services sector. Behind this seemingly contradictory dynamic there is the success of Brazilian agribusiness, which, through more capital-intensive and labor-saving technologies, has been able to increase its productivity and generate increasing income, freeing up workforces to other sectors. In Matopiba, the income generated by agribusiness has warmed the service sector, which in turn has boosted the local labor market, allowing the incorporation of a larger volume of employees. Although this dynamic was clear in Matopiba, in the rest of the country it is possible to observe only that agribusiness reduced the employed population in its activities.
    Keywords: Q1 ; Q12 ; ddc:330 ; labor market ; Matopiba ; agribusiness ; regional development ; agricultural frontier
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 61
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: M11 ; H40 ; O18 ; ddc:330 ; Infrastrukturinvestition ; Projektmanagement ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 62
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This text undertakes to examine two questions. First, the text considers the intellectual roots of two celebrated and discussed concepts - in Brazil and in the world, specifically the social function of property - enshrined in the 1988 Constitution - and the right to the city, which is guaranteed by Law 10.257 of 2001 (the City Statute). This contribution suggests that the union of these two ideas in Brazil is curious from an intellectual point of view. This is because the social function of property originated, in part, as an intellectual reaction to the extremism of the s