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  • ddc:330  (118)
  • Polish  (118)
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  • 1
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The aim of the text is to analyze electoral participation of Poles living in Ireland in elections in Poland (parliamentary and presidential) and in the elections to the European Parliament. General information on the electoral rights of Polish citizens living outside the country was presented, as well as the trends of external voting of Poles in years 1990-2015. The detailed analysis focused on Poles in Ireland, including the number of registered voters, cast votes and the results of support for individual candidates and political parties in the context of general election results in Poland and electoral participation of Polish citizens residing in other countries.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Poles in Ireland ; post accession migration ; electoral participation ; external voting
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: This paper describes the origins of Polish diaspora structures in Iceland. To this end, and with reference to the theory of civic participation, we point out two analytic categories: the association activity of the immigrants understood as their capacity for self-organization and creation of community events, and the engagement of the immigrants given by their participation in such events. In the second part, we describe the major Polish associations and informal initiatives, and apply to them a variant of SWOT analysis. In the final part we describe the divisions within the leadership of the Polish community in Iceland and the issues faced by Polish associations there.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Poles in Iceland ; immigrant associations ; divisions among Polish diaspora ; problems faced by Polonia associations
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: "Bandas Latinas" - informal youth organizations whose affiliation is based on rootst in the Latin American community along with structures and symbols developed in the USA - appeared in Spain at the beginning of the 21st century and quickly became a symbol of the problems emerging within the context of youth and immigration. The objective of this paper is to provide a multi-aspectual presentation of the phenomenon, in both the aspect of issues involved in the integration of immigrants, as well as of changes occurring in the cultural and self-identification spheres as a result of migration and the existence of transnational networks. The experience of youth in Spain is subjected to continual comparison with that of Latino youth in the USA; the question is also posed of whether the phenomenon of these groups should be viewed in an exclusively negative light. The second chapter contains a presentation of the current state of knowledge on their activities in Spain, confronted with theories concerning integration of the children of immigrants, in particular the idea of segmented assimilation and concepts which emerged out of it. The third chapter addresses the Latin Kings organization - it serves as an example of how "bandas latinas" are created and evolve on three continents, under the influence of diverse factors and with the involvement of various actors. The issue of the dynamics involved in the formation of new markers of identification is raised (the pan-ethnic category of Latino), as well as the role of the culture industry, mass media and the Internet in the forms taken on by the phenomena under discussion; significant space is dedicated to discussion of the theory of imagination proposed by A. Appadurai. Chapter four is devoted to organizations created by youth from the Dominican Republic. They are depicted in the context of transnational studies on migration by Dominicans, particularly their consequences for culture (changes in the understanding of the category of race). The work is rounded out by observations flowing from the analysis conducted of webpages created by members of Dominican "bandas". The concluding chapter is an attempt at systematizing the conclusions appearing in the work, as well as pointing to what may potentially be the most important issues on the plane of migration research raised by the phenomenon of "bandas".
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; integration ; identity ; 1.5 generation ; Latino gangs ; new ethnic communities ; Spain ; Latinos in the USA ; Internet ; Dominican Republic
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: Stare Juchy is a Masurian commune which is “a focus” of emigration, in Florian Znaniecki’s terms: a sizable percentage of its inhabitants reside and work abroad. Emigration from Juchy is an example of economic emigration from a peripheral region. Most migrants have elementary or vocational education, the outflows are directed towards one single destination (Iceland), and are based entirely on migration chains. Still, emigration from Stare Juchy has its own peculiarities related to the local socio-economic situation and model of emigration that developed here. In this text, the results of studies on emigration from Stare Juchy, carried out in the summer and fall of 2016, and in the spring of 2017 are presented. A special attention was given to re-emigration: the motives of returning, the re-emigrants’ contributions to local community, and effects of economic and social remittances. To what extent they are agents of change, and whether their activities and attitudes confirm the observations of Krzywicki and Znaniecki on the impact of emigration on technological, custom and cultural changes in the local community; or whether they stabilize and preserve the social system, by providing a financial sources that allow families to survive without any need to face new challenges.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; return emigration ; emigration from peripheral region ; economic and social remittances ; Iceland ; Stare Juchy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 5
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The paper describes the dynamics of Polish migration to Ireland, taking into account the situation of the Irish economy and changing demand for workers on the Irish labour market. It also presents the characteristics of Polish migrants in the light of Irish, Polish and European statistics. The main focus of the analysis is the situation of Polish nationals on the island according to the 2016 Irish census, also taking into consideration main trends of change in comparison with the previous censuses. Polish immigrants, who used to be rare in Ireland before 2004, have since become the largest group of non-Irish nationals, spread all over the country, stable in size and slowly ageing. In comparison with other immigrant groups in Ireland, Poles stand out with their large percentage of persons with tertiary education and at the same time - a growing share of those continuing education. The report points to such signs of Poles' developing ties with Ireland as the share of households with children, growing number of Polish-Irish citizens and home ownership. The types distinguished among Polish migrants and their long-term migratory strategies are discussed separately.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ireland ; Polish migrants ; post-accession migration ; census data
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 6
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The main aim of the paper is to analyse the media discourse concerning the emigration of Poles after the Polish accession to the European Union in 2004. The source material includes the contents of two popular titles of daily press: Gazeta Wyborcza and Rzeczpospolita in a period of ten years (2004-2013). Particular attention was devoted to the periods of election campaigns to the parliament, which took place in the years 2005, 2007 and 2011. The main questions that were raised in the course of the analysis include: the image of emigration after the accession which dominates in the press, the most current and topical topics present in the media discourse, evaluation of the process of emigration and its effects and the dynamics of discourse over time.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; media discourse ; content analysis ; post-accession of emigration of Poles
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The article discusses the case of academic silence around migration of Roma from Poland - both in Polish Romani studies (romology) and migration studies. The absence of Roma migration in migration research in Poland is contrasted with the absence of the subject of migration in Romani studies. Paradoxically, the group associated in the social imaginary with mobility is absent in migration studies in Poland. On the other hand, in the studies of Roma people in Poland, they turn out to be surprisingly static and immobilized. The aim of this paper is to critically explore this particular type of discursive silence, to think about what are the underlying theoretical and conceptual reasons and finally, how does it impact the migration and Romani studies.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; silence ; migration research ; migration of Roma from Poland ; Romani studies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 8
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The aim of the report is the analysis of mechanisms behind labour migrants' social network formation and the role of networks in the process of everyday integration, understood as interaction in vital areas of people's lives, such as work, education or free time. The analysis is based on data deriving from a qualitative research conducted among Ukrainian labour migrants working in both the primary and the secondary labour market sector in Poland. In the first part of the report we analyse the mechanisms of Ukrainian labour migrants' tie formation with other Ukrainians and with Poles - in the work environment, during studies or through hobby groups. We show that the migrants' networks are characterised by homogeneity in various dimensions: nationality, regional origin, migration experience and socio-occupational status and we identify the reasons behind this. The second part of the report concerns the role of social networks in providing instrumental and emotional support. We distinguish resources, to which migrants have access through their social networks and their meaning for integration in economic, legal and socio-cultural dimensions. According to our research results, migrants can in a satisfactory way accomplish their migration goals, relying primarily on ties to other Ukrainians, and ties to Poles do not have an impact on the their sense of feeling integrated in Poland.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; social networks ; social capital ; integration ; migrant workers from Ukraine ; Poland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 9
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: This working paper attempts to analyze the leading institutional features and mechanisms of rising and development of the Polish migration policy in the years 1989-2016 (April). We refer to the concept of "policy paradigm" created by Peter A. Hall (1993) who has analyzed the public policies in terms of a reflective adjustment of its objectives and administrative tools in accordance with previous experience and the incoming of new information. Referring to this concept we want to show that in Poland in the early 90s of XX century we experienced the radical change of the highly 'rationing' paradigm of migration policy and the creation of the new one (and more than 15 years of its functioning). We emphasize three of its features. First, that not emigration from Poland as the dominant migration phenomenon in this period but immigration (and different categories of foreigners) has been the main driver of shaping migration policy. Second point highlights the importance of the ministry of internal affairs as the leading actor of this policy. It was connected with the preference for the development of procedures and institutional mechanisms (as the main tools of co-operation within the administration) related to the control of migration processes, at the expense of a broader discussion about the goals of migration policy. Third point concerns the "practical" understanding of migration policy and its focusing on solving the migration issues in terms of legal procedures and institutional tools. From the one hand this approach hampered the functioning of the migration policy in Poland and solving new challenges of migration, but on the other hand it facilitated the acquisition of international and European (EU) legal solutions. At the end of the article we state the question whether the responses of the Polish authorities to the "migration crisis" in Europe from mid-2015 has been the continuation of the existing paradigm or the indicators of its change or even the radical break are being appears.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; migration ; Poland ; migration policy ; paradigms of public policies ; migration crisis
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: According to Saskia Sassen (2012), contemporary borders are not erected against other sovereigns, but against nonstate transnational actors, migrants among them. The autonomy of migration of the latter is an act of resistance against the border regimes. Border and immigration controls aim at detecting and disciplining individuals, whose mobility questions state sovereignty. As Walters (2002) and De Genova (2010) notice, deportation and their sheer possibility, or deportability of migrants, produce sovereignty in the face of uncontrolled border-crossings, perceived by the states as a disturbing symptom of 'losing control.' The paper dialectically joins the theories concerning the macrolevel (state sovereignty, capitalist system relying on the immigrant labor force) and the level micro (the individual experience of deportation). The author presents the types of violence they experienced throughout the process of deportation. The analyzed ethnographic material is an outcome of the fieldwork conducted between 2012 and 2014 in the pueblo San Ángel in Lower Mixteca in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. Qualitative interviews with 27 inhabitants of pueblo who were deported from the US between 2006 and 2012 are the basis of the analysis. Deportation was an experience of the US state for this women and men who attempted to remain 'in the shadows.' The article presents the analysis of the phases of deportation (detection, detention, immigration court, transfer and return to Mexico) and the types of violence experienced. It is necessary to include also types of violence other than the physical, among them the objective types of violence: (éZiézek 2010): the structural (Galtung 1969) and the symbolic (Bourdieu, Wacquant 2001). The author demonstrates that symbolic violence can lead to resigning from appealing against the deportation order. The author describes how violence used against migrants reconstructs the US sovereignty in lieu of 'the shadows' where the migrants lived.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; violence ; sovereignty ; migrations ; deportation ; Mexico ; United States of America
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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