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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Berlin u.a. : Langenscheidt
    Call number: 1.1/M 92.0747
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 447 S.
    Edition: 13. Aufl.
    ISBN: 346818381X
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Hungarian
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Series available for loan
    Series available for loan
    Budapest : : Kiadja a Magyar Földtani és Geofizikai Intézet,
    Call number: M 17.90900
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 314 Seiten : , Illustrationen ; , 1 Karte (gefaltet 29.5 x 17 cm) , 31 cm +
    ISBN: 9789636713041 , 9636713049
    Classification: A.3.3.
    Language: Hungarian , English
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Budapest : Akadémiai Kiadó
    Call number: MOP 40118 / Mitte
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 622 Seiten , Illustrationen
    Language: Hungarian
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 4
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Budapest : Magyar államí földtani
    Call number: G 6447
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 102 S. + 4 Kt.-Beil.
    Language: Hungarian
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 5
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    Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics
    Publication Date: 2016-08-09
    Description: It was a great surprise to both the Hungarian and the international research community to see how determined and successful were the 2nd and the 3d Orbán-governments in rolling back the results of the post-communist privatizations. In my earlier papers - see Mihályi (2014, 2015a,b) - I showed that such renationalizations had occurred in other post-socialist countries as well, and discussed several, well-known property confiscation cases from the Hungarian history in the period 1848-1989. In the present paper, two events are recalled from earlier times - the 17th and 18th century, respectively. The first case study presents the largest-ever land privatization in Hungarian history, when the territories retaken by the Habsburgs from the Ottoman Empire were privatized (donated or sold) to the representatives of the loyal noble subjects of the Vienna court. The second case study reconstructs the details of large-scale nationalizations carried out by two Austro-Hungarian rulers - Maria Theresia and Joseph II - during the last three decades of the 18th century, when they abolished the majority of religious orders and confiscated all their assets. The punchline of the first case study is that we cannot understand the present renationalization wave in Hungary, if we do not take into account the poisonous historical legacy of the Hungarian feudalism. From the second case study we can learn that under certain conditions, the same objectives demand very similar means, even if the general historical conditions are entirely different; and the same notions - like privatization or nationalization - have entirely different meanings. As we show, the confiscation of the property of religious orders by Joseph II, enfolded in a strikingly similar way, as the communist nationalization of private companies in 1948.
    Keywords: F52 ; N13 ; Q15 ; Z12 ; ddc:330 ; Hungary ; economic history ; nationalization ; privatization ; land reform ; Neoacquistica Commissio ; abolition of religious orders
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Hungarian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2016-08-09
    Description: Anglo-American and Hungarian economic historians follow different semantic patterns describing the same subjects. While the authors writing in English use three distinct terms to signify business history, entrepreneurship and the theory of the firm, the corresponding Hungarian words share a common root. This paper reviews the debates among the founding fathers of the discipline about how to define the agenda and methods of researching these topics both before and after World War II. The emergence of business history at Harvard Business School under the leadership of N. Gras mainly followed the German tradition of narrative historical economics. He denied any dominant role of formal economic theory and urged business historians to use several other disciplines (psychology, politics) too. The founder of Research Center in Entrepreneurial History at Harvard, A. Cole based the approach of his research group on the Schumpeterian concept of creative entrepreneur as the key figure in explaining the different issues of economic change and development. Faced with the problem how to identify what is entrepreneurship, the Center failed to formulate a theory of economic change based on entrepreneurial activity and behaviour. In the meantime the character of creative entrepreneur have been played down within organization and firm and was substituted by the entrepreneur co-ordinator (R. Coase) who directs production and by the middle-manager (A. Chandler). Both the business history using structuralist-functionalist sociological approach in discussing large scale enterprises and the theory of firm based on transactions costs and economic analysis of law remain outside of the mainstream of history and economics. What they had in common was a sense of affinity for empirical data instead of pure theory. Even it was more than affinity, it was a desire to get insight of the "real world".
    Keywords: A11 ; B00 ; B31 ; N8 ; L26 ; ddc:330 ; history of economic thought ; entrepreneurship ; theory of the firm ; business history ; J. Schumpeter ; A. Chandler ; R. Coase
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Hungarian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
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    Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies
    Publication Date: 2016-11-10
    Description: Emigration has accelerated since 2007 in Hungary. The short history of the new phenomenon called intense political and social reactions. The paper focuses on a particular segment of emigration: on labour emigration of those employed persons who are still connected to the home country and possible to the Hungarian labour market. Based on the Hungarian LFS data those employed persons will be covered who reported that their workplace has been abroad. Since the early 2000s until the first quarter of 2013 has been followed the changing trend, orientation and structural characteristics of labour emigration. The trend and the explanatory factors of changing emigration will be discussed by main target countries. Finally the individual's chance of emigration and its changes comparing to the employed population in the home country has been studied by logistic regression analysis. The odds ratio and the changes of the odds ratio of labour emigration calculated by main target countries proves considerable structural rearrangement over time and characteristic differences by main target countries.
    Keywords: F22 ; J21 ; J60 ; ddc:330 ; migration ; working abroad ; employment ; labour market
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Hungarian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
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    Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies
    Publication Date: 2016-11-10
    Description: This paper employs large-scale individual-level panel data-set to determine the changes in the probability of migration and attrition of Hungarian doctors between 2003 and 2011. The study uses event history modelling, competing risk models. The results show that first after the EU accession, then after the spring of 2010, and finally after the relaxation of the Austrian and German temporary employment limits, the hazard of doctors' migration increased. Results also show that in Hungary, in addition to migration, doctors' attrition is also a severe problem. Exits from physicians' and dentists' pool by migration, going to another job in Hungary and by going to inactivity are about equally likely.
    Keywords: C41 ; C55 ; I10 ; J4 ; J40 ; J45 ; J60 ; J61 ; ddc:330 ; Doctors' migration ; doctors' attrition ; competing risk modell
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Hungarian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
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    Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics
    Publication Date: 2016-03-30
    Description: Macroeconomic modelling is a recent development within the rapidly advancing field of agentbased modelling. Like older macromodels macro ABMs must also feature a well-designed consumption-savings block. As the microeconomic ABM literature on savings is non-existent researchers had to resort to the traditional literature to borrow ideas about how to model agents' savings behaviour. They adopted certain simple consumption rules as simplifications of the (implicit) decision rules derived from maximizing models. In this paper we set up an agentbased macromodel where households belong to one of three types of savers (prudent, myopic, permanent income based), but allow for adaptation, learning and selection. We are interested in establishing the relative fitness of the three savings types, and determine their impact on the overall performance of the economy. Through running simulations we find that the prudent type alone prevails when the selection pressure is very high, but at intermediate levels of evolutionary competition the two other types can survive as well. At customary levels of relative capital efficiency prudent agents tend to overaccumulate capital, and the presence of the other types is like a socially useful antidote, driving the long-run savings rate towards the golden rule. On the other hand low selection pressure raises substantially the volatility of capital. In this model relaxing borrowing constraints is conducive to even more excessive investments, as if owners of capital were exploited by wage-earners.
    Keywords: E03 ; E14 ; E27 ; ddc:330 ; savings types ; bounded rationality ; evolutionary learning ; agent-based macromodel
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Hungarian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 10
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    Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics
    Publication Date: 2016-03-30
    Description: One of the intriguing questions of our times is the importance of the centralization and nationalization campaigns of the 2nd and 3rd Orbán-government carried out since 2010. In an earlier working paper - Mihalyi (2015) - I demonstrated that similar policy steps were occasionally taken in other post-socialist countries, too. It is also a known fact, that the subsequent Hungarian governments in the 1990-2010 period were also forced in some cases to renationalize already privatized firms - although the main trend of policies was privatization. However, in my earlier work a logical question was ignored, namely why this U-turn has been so far so easily accepted by the Hungarian society at large and many opinion leaders both on the political left and political right. One conceivable answer is that this is what the Hungarian people have been accustomed to. The history of the past 300 years was nothing else but a sequence of nationalizations and confiscations, and the milestones of this have been taught with proud already in the elementary schools for generations. From the perspective of the present paper, it doesn't matter whether the nationalizing governments could have made different decisions; whether they were pressed by outside forces or acted independently. It will be shown that the decision-makers were both prisoners of their own epoch and the ideology of their social classes, but at the same time they were also authoritative diffusers of their own ideologies through politics, education and the media. The subsequent asset redistributions in the modern economic history of Hungary aimed at accelerating the country's economic development and catching up with the more advanced economies. Unfortunately the decision-makers didn't realize that these measures - nolens volens - undermined the idea of private property, the rule of law and the trust vis-à-vis the state itself.
    Keywords: N4 ; P20 ; P26 ; P31 ; P51 ; ddc:330 ; economic history ; nationalization ; socialization ; restitution ; land reform ; retroactive legislation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Hungarian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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