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  • 1
    Call number: MOP A2 1398
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: [16] Bl. , überw. Kt. , 36x56 cm
    Language: Dutch , English , French
    Note: In niederl., franz. und eng. Sprache
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 2
    Dissertations
    Dissertations
    Utrecht : Rijksuniversiteit
    Call number: MOP 42682 / Mitte
    Type of Medium: Dissertations
    Pages: 96 Seiten
    Language: English , Dutch
    Note: Proefschrift ter verkrijging van de Graad van Doctor in de Wiskunde en Natuurwetenschappen aan de Rijksuniveriteit te Utrecht, op gezag van de Rector Magnificus Prof. Dr. SJ. Groenman, volgens Besluit van het College van Dekanen in het Openbaar te Verdedigen op Donderdag 28 Juni 1973 des Namiddags te 2.30 Uur door Johannes Wieringa
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 3
    Call number: MOP 44305,5 / Mitte
    In: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 41 Seiten , Tabellen
    Series Statement: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes Luxembourg
    Language: Dutch , French
    Note: Boekdeel V: Frekwentie per uur, en per maand van: - de totale bewolking, - het horizontale zicht, - de hoogte van het wolkendek Livre V: Fréquence horaire par mois de: - la nébulosité totale, - la visibilité horizontale, - la hauteur du plafond
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 4
    Dissertations
    Dissertations
    Amsterdam : Vrije Universiteit
    Call number: M 19.92962
    Type of Medium: Dissertations
    Pages: 144 Seiten , Illustrationen
    Language: English , Dutch
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 5
    Call number: MOP 44305,5 / Mitte
    In: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 41 Seiten , Tabellen
    Series Statement: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes Saint-Hubert
    Language: Dutch , French
    Note: Boekdeel V: Frekwentie per uur, en per maand van: - de totale bewolking, - het horizontale zicht, - de hoogte van het wolkendek Livre V: Fréquence horaire par mois de: - la nébulosité totale, - la visibilité horizontale, - la hauteur du plafond
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 6
    Call number: MOP 44305,5 / Mitte
    In: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 41 Seiten , Tabellen
    Series Statement: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes Brussel - National / Bruxelles - National
    Language: Dutch , French
    Note: Boekdeel V: Frekwentie per uur, en per maand van: - de totale bewolking, - het horizontale zicht, - de hoogte van het wolkendek Livre V: Fréquence horaire par mois de: - la nébulosité totale, - la visibilité horizontale, - la hauteur du plafond
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 7
    Call number: MOP 44305,5 / Mitte
    In: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 41 Seiten , Tabellen
    Series Statement: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes Oostende
    Language: Dutch , French
    Note: Boekdeel V: Frekwentie per uur, en per maand van: - de totale bewolking, - het horizontale zicht, - de hoogte van het wolkendek Livre V: Fréquence horaire par mois de: - la nébulosité totale, - la visibilité horizontale, - la hauteur du plafond
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 8
    Call number: MOP 44305,5 / Mitte
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Series Statement: Regie der Luchtwegen / Regie des voies aeriennes
    Language: Dutch , French
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 9
    Call number: SR 91.1609(50)
    In: Mededelingen
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: Losebl.-Ausg.
    Series Statement: Mededelingen / Rijks Geologische Dienst 50
    Language: Dutch
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 10
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Assen : Van Gorcum & Comp.
    Call number: G 6228 / Regal 13
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 141 S., 7 Bl. : Ill., Kt
    Language: Dutch
    Note: Amsterdam, Phil.-Nat. Diss., 4. Mai 1944
    Location: Magazine - must be ordered
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  • 11
    Call number: M 17.90755
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XXVI, 270 S. : , Ill., graph. Darst., Kt. ; , 210 mm x 145 mm
    ISBN: 9783832516505
    Language: English , German , Dutch
    Note: Zugl.: Amsterdam, Univ., Diss., 2007.
    Location: Upper compact magazine
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  • 12
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Berlin [u.a.] : Langenscheidt
    Call number: 1.1/M 93.0643
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Edition: 1. Aufl.
    ISBN: 3468122306
    Series Statement: Langenscheidts Eurowörterbücher
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Dutch
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 13
    Call number: SR 90.0083(1,4)
    In: Publications on geodesy
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 149 S.
    Series Statement: Publications on geodesy / Netherlands Geodetic Commission N.S., 1,4
    Language: Dutch
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 14
    Call number: 1.1/M 92.0728 ; PIK A 010-93-0089
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 1069 S.
    Edition: 9. Aufl
    ISBN: 3468102313
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Dutch
    Location: Reading room
    Location: Reading room
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    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 15
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    Brussels: National Bank of Belgium
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Description: This paper provides an extensive overview of the economic importance and evolution of the car manufacturing industry. In addition, it provides evidence that the car industry is still playing a vital role in process innovation. The currently widespread lean production method, under which companies focus on their core activities and develop a network of subcontractors, in fact originates from the Japanese car industry. The introduction of the "lean production" concept in Europe had a far-reaching impact on corporate relations. Important responsibilities - such as product development, quality control, innovation efforts and timely deliveries - have been/are passed on to the subcontractors. Company clusters have been formed, which often also have consequences in terms of geographical location due to the necessity of "just-in-time" or even "just-in-sequence"-deliveries. The mere fact that global companies have implemented this production method, also adds to the internationalization of the subcontracting companies. The latter conclusion fuelled/fuels the trend to anchor as it were the industrial core activities through an appropriate policy. Such a policy must be based upon reliable statistical observations. A major disadvantage, however, is that because of their network structure, the corporate clusters' importance is hard to measure. Since the input-output tables are not available for the very latest years, on the one hand, and are not sufficiently detailed, on the other hand, a method has been searched for which allows to gauge the importance of a specific branch. In this paper the method will be applied to the car manufacturing in Belgium. The proposed calculation method is based on the supply and use tables drawn up by the Bank within the framework of the National Accounts Institute.
    Keywords: C67 ; J21 ; L22 ; L62 ; R15 ; R34 ; ddc:330 ; branch survey ; car industry ; subcontracting ; indirect effects ; Kfz-Industrie ; Lean Production ; Just in Time ; Internationale Arbeitsteilung ; Multinationales Unternehmen ; Belgien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Dutch
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  • 16
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    Brussels: National Bank of Belgium
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Description: The Flemish maritime ports play a major role in the Belgian economy, not only in terms of the industries they encompass but also as intermodal centres where transhipment activities are concentrated. This update1 paper provides an extensive overview of the economic importance and development of the Flemish maritime ports, through revised results for the period 1997 - 2003. Focusing on the three major variables of value added, employment and investment, it also provides some information about the financial situation of a few vital sectors in each port. A global indication concerning the financial health of the companies studied is also provided, using the NBB bankruptcy prediction model. In addition, it includes figures with respect to the ongoing growth of several cargo traffic segments and provides an overall picture of social developments in the Flemish maritime ports. The indirect effects of these port activities are estimated in terms of value added and employment. Annual account data from the Central Balance Sheet Office were used for the calculation of direct effects, the study of financial ratios and the analysis of the social balance sheet. The indirect effects were estimated on the basis of data from the National Accounts Institute. In the Flemish maritime ports, direct VA came to almost 11.5 billion euro and total VA - the sum of direct and indirect VA - to 22 billion euro in 2003. In the same year direct and total employment reached respectively 105,000 and 239,000 full-time equivalents, while direct investment reached 2.5 billion euro. The ongoing developments in the maritime ports sector in the Hamburg - Le Havre range continue to affect the port operations: concentration of capital, privatisation of port logistic services, expansion and dispersion of foreign trade, internationalisation of production and consumption patterns, increase in containerised shipments, etc. Production, trade and transport are no longer considered as individual and isolated activities, but are integrated within a single system, while economies of scale continue. Therefore, ports are becoming real logistic centres: ports able to add value to the goods passing through the port area have a major advantage in a climate of increasing international competition. Flemish ports are following this trend, and that is also reflected in the analysis presented in this report.
    Keywords: C67 ; H57 ; J21 ; L22 ; L91 ; L92 ; R15 ; R34 ; R41 ; ddc:330 ; branch survey ; maritime cluster ; subcontracting ; indirect effects ; transport intermodality ; public investments. ; Hafen ; Branchenentwicklung ; Flandern ; Wirkungsanalyse
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Dutch
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Description: This paper is an annual publication issued by the Microeconomic Analysis service of the National Bank of Belgium. The Flemish maritime ports (Antwerp, Ghent, Ostend, Zeebrugge), the Autonomous Port of Liège and the port of Brussels play a major role in their respective regional economies and in the Belgian economy, not only in terms of industrial activity but also as intermodal centres facilitating the commodity flow. This update paper1 provides an extensive overview of the economic importance and development of the Flemish maritime ports, the Liège port complex and the port of Brussels in the period 2001 - 2006, with an emphasis on 2006. The port of Brussels has been included in the analysis for the first time. Focusing on the three major variables of value added, employment and investment, the report also provides some information about the financial situation in each port except for Brussels. These observations are linked to a more general context, along with a few cargo statistics. Annual accounts data from the Central Balance Sheet Office were used for the calculation of direct effects, the study of financial ratios and the analysis of the social balance sheet. The indirect effects of the activities concerned were estimated in terms of value added and employment, on the basis of data from the National Accounts Institute. In terms of quantity of cargo handled, 2006 was an excellent year for the Flemish maritime ports as a whole, driven by the world trade expansion. Direct value added rose in all Flemish port, except for Antwerp. Direct employment also increased, mainly in the maritime branches as a result of seaborne traffic growth. Investment on the other hand, took a downward plunge after the exceptionally high amounts in 2005. This was mainly due to a number of shipping companies and - to a lesser extent - the completion of the Deurganckdok in Antwerp. The current changes in world trade patterns have a substantial impact on the activities in the Flemish ports. To cope with the accelerating internationalisation of port competition and the tremendous growth of containerised seaborne transport, the ports need to constantly adapt their infrastructures, through innovation and investment. As major logistic centres, they have to face the challenge of responding to increasing demand in terms of capacity, while adding as much value as possible to the goods passing through them. To face this challenge, they try to focus on particular branches or aspects for which they believe they hold all the winning cards. This has become absolutely vital in a climate of growing regional and international competition, accentuated by the booming Asian economies. All figures indicate that the situation is improving for the port of Liège. The growth of value added, investment and quantity of cargo handled exceeds last year's figures. Employment still decreases but to a lesser extent. Moreover, the future is looking even brighter as the TriLogiPort project should begin to make progress, the blast furnace 6 of Arcelor in Seraing has been reopened, a new bioethanol plant is being built in Wanze and several works developing the infrastructure are being carried out. The last few years, the quantity of cargo handled at the port of Brussels has stabilised. In terms of land available for port related activities, the port of Brussels has reached its limits. As a result, the extension of the infrastructure is one of the main priorities, all the more because the port authority has set ambitious goals for the near future. The present report provides a comprehensive account of these issues, giving details per economic sector, though the comments are confined to the main changes that occurred in 2006.
    Keywords: C67 ; H57 ; J21 ; L22 ; L91 ; L92 ; R15 ; R34 ; R41 ; ddc:330 ; branch survey ; maritime cluster ; subcontracting ; indirect effects ; transport intermodality ; public investments.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Dutch
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Description: Given the importance of bank credit in Belgium as a financing source for both households and non-financial firms, it is important to know how Belgian banks react to a monetary policy shock. Since the direct influence of central banks is confined to the very short-term market interest rates, financial intermediaries play a very important role in the transmission of these shocks to the real economy. This paper therefore investigates the determinants of the rates charged by individual Belgian banks for a number of standardised forms of credit. The data used are mainly from a survey conducted by the National Bank of Belgium and relate to the period from January 1993 to September 2000. It is shown that Belgian banks set their credit rates as a stationary mark-up on top of the market interest rate with a maturity similar to the one of the credit contract. This mark-up seems to depend on a number of factors. First, it varies between the different forms of credit we studied in this paper. On average a higher rate is charged for those credit forms that are characterised by a longer maturity, a higher risk and/or a lower amount. Second, for a given form of credit the mark-up also varies across banks. Large and/or liquid banks tend to charge lower rates, whereas highly capitalised banks seem to charge higher rates. Third, the mark-up although stationary does change over time, decreasing with the business cycle and increasing with the cost of the bank's resources which are approximated in this paper by the rates paid by the bank on deposits and/or savings notes. This study indicates that especially the Belgian market for investment credits is characterised by a very tight competition. This conclusion follows from the fact that the mark-ups on these credits do not seem to be influenced by bank specific characteristics such as size, liquidity or capitalisation. Moreover, the mark-up does react strongly to monetary shocks and does have a significant impact on the demand, indicating that the demand for investment credits is very price elastic. On the Belgian markets for short-term credits, consumer credits and mortgage spread loans, however, the degree of competition seems to be lower. The mark-ups on these credit forms do depend on at least one of the bank characteristics used in this paper. Finally, especially the rates on short-term credits seem to react strongly to monetary shocks, a response which is positively related to the size of the bank.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Verbraucherkredit ; Zins ; Geldpolitik ; Schock ; Belgien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Dutch
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  • 19
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    Leuven: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, LICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Description: De hoge (para)-fiscale druk in België wordt gezien als een belangrijke oorzaak van de hoge werkloosheidsgraad. Deze hoge werkloosheidsgraad gaat echter gepaard met een hoog aantal openstaande vacatures. Men kan zich dan ook de vraag stellen of verdere lastenverlagingen zullen bijdragen tot een vfirmindering van de werkloosheidsgraad. Deze studie beschrijft een eenvoudig maar realistisch kader waarbinnen de effecten van arbeidsmarktmaatregelen op de werkloosheid kunnen worden beschreven. Bij een vergelijking tussen België en Denemaken van de factoren die de werkloosheidsduur bepalen blijkt dat het Belgisch systeem van uitkeringen die niet beperkt zijn in de tijd de werkloosheidsduur significant verlengt.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Dutch
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  • 20
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    Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
    In:  Scientific Technical Report
    Publication Date: 2019-04-17
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/eprint/type/Report
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  • 21
    Publication Date: 2019-04-17
    Description: In S?dostalaska wird eine relative Meeresspiegelabsenkung von bis zu 4 cm/ a beobachtet. Da dieses Gebiet w?hrend der letzten Kaltperiode durch das Kordillerische Eisschild bedeckt war und noch heute von Vergletscherung gepr?gt ist, liegt die Vermutung nahe, da? die Meeresspiegel?nderungen zumindest teilweise durch isostatische Ausgleichsvorg?nge hervorgerufen werden. Um diese Hypothese zu pr?fen, werden f?r dieses Gebiet eislastinduzierte Vertikalbewegungen und Geoid?nderungen mit Hilfe viskoelastischer Erdmodelle berechnet. Insbesondere werden sechs siebenschichtige Erdmodelle verwendet, die unterschiedliche Viskostit?tsprofile ber?cksichtigen und die Bandbreite der plausiblen Lithosph?renm?chtigkeiten abdecken. Das globale Lastmodell ICE-3G wird erweitert und das regionale Lastmodell AL-1 entwickelt, welches die rezente Vergletscherung S?dostalaskas ber?cksichtigt. Weiterhin werden die Ozeane als Last einbezogen. Ein Vergleich der berechneten mit den beobachteten Meeresspiegel?nderungen zeigt, da? die Beobachtungen nur zu einen geringen Anteil von wenigen Millimetern pro Jahr durch Isostasie erkl?rt werden k?nnen.
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/eprint/type/Report
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2019-04-11
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/eprint/type/Report
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/journal
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2014-04-04
    Description: Pension systems in European countries are under review due to demographic changes. As a solution to the graying population, second and third pillar pensions are advocated. However, it is important not to lose sight of the social consequences of encouraging these private pensions. In this master thesis the paradox of redistribution from Korpi & Palme (1998) is tested on two cases namely Belgium and the Netherlands. Based on micro data on household income as found in the LIS database, pensioners are compared on their poverty rates and inequality. The redistribution paradox states that poverty will be the highest in pension systems that are targeted and will be the lowest in universal systems. In Belgium (targeted minimum pension) poverty rates are much higher than in the Netherlands (universal minimum pension). Poverty rates are higher for elderly women than for elderly men and this gender difference is greater in the Netherlands than in Belgium. The paradox of redistribution further states that inequality will be higher when the first pillar provides flat-rate pensions and will be the lowest for wage coupled pensions that out compete more unequal private pension provisions. In the Netherlands (flat-rate pension), inequality is higher than in Belgium (wage coupled pension) when calculated on the basis of pension income. When disposable income is taken as reference than the inequality is slightly larger in Belgium than in the Netherlands. There is however a much larger reduction in inequality compared to pre-pensioned individuals in Belgium than in the Netherlands. The inequality in income is higher for men than for women both in Belgium and in the Netherlands. In order to minimize poverty and inequality, it is thus advised to further strengthen the pensions systems in both Belgium and the Netherlands not to reduce them.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; paradox of redistribution ; poverty ; inequality ; Belgium ; the Netherlands ; pension system ; Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung ; Altersvorsorge ; Armut ; Soziale Ungleichheit ; Einkommensumverteilung ; Geschlecht ; Belgien ; Niederlande
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Dutch
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  • 25
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    Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
    In:  System Erde
    Publication Date: 2019-06-12
    Language: German
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2019-06-12
    Description: The basic seismic load parameters for the upcoming national design regulation for DIN EN 1998-1/NA result from the reassessment of the seismic hazard supported by the German Institution for Civil Engineering (DIBt). This study is based on a comprehensive involvement of accessible uncertainties in models and parameters. It includes the provision of a rational framework for integrating epistemic uncertainties and aleatory variabilities in a comprehensive way and incorporates significant improvements. It is based on updated and extended databases, robust methods to evolve sets of models representing epistemic uncertainties and a selection of latest : ground shaking prediction models. The output specifications were designed according to the user oriented needs: Seismic load parameters are calculated for rock conditions, mean return periods of 475, 975 and 2475 years and delivered as uniform hazard spectra, seismic hazard maps for peak ground acceleration, spectral response accelerations and macroseismic intensities as mean, median and 84 % quantile. Examples of some elements of the input and a few basis results are shown.
    Language: German
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2019-06-12
    Description: In the course of converting the energy supply from fossil-based to more sustainable regenerative energy resources, the use of the geological underground for energy storage purposes is becoming increasingly important to achieve the national climate policy goals. The geological underground offers opportunities for the storage of hydrogen, CO2 and synthetic gas as well as for the permanent storage of hazardous and environmentally harmful substances, e.g. radioactive waste. In the course of the energy transition and the discussion on climate change mitigation options, the demand for new storage technologies and corresponding scientific research is increasing. An indispensable prerequisite for the further development of new storage technologies are scientific pilot sites and underground research laboratories. Building on its expertise in geological storage, the GFZ is conducting projects for CO2 and H2 storage as well as for nuclear waste disposal to study technological implementation and long-term safety. This research forms an indispensible contribution of the region Germany/Central Europe to the European climate and energy strategy.
    Language: German
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2019-06-12
    Description: The demand for heat generation based on renewable energies has become increasingly important during the last decades, especially in urban areas. Geothermal energy, the heat stored in the upper part of the Earth?s crust, offers a huge but largely untapped potential. Specifically, the use of near-surface geothermal energy increased significantly in Germany. Medium and deep geothermal energy systems provide a wide range of applications for environmentally friendly, large scale heat provision. Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) systems, for example, offer great potential for heat supply in major cities (Fig. below, left). A case study, led by GFZ, investigated the potential of an ATES system in the centre of Berlin. The research well Gt BCh 1/2015 on the campus of the Technical University of Berlin was established, geologically characterized, and hydraulically tested. Deep geothermal systems play another important role within the future energy supply. In hydrothermal systems, direct use or conversion of extracted heat to electricity can be obtained at economically feasible costs (Fig. below, right). These resources, however, are limited in most countries due to local geological conditions. Nonetheless, sufficient heat in place is encountered in other geological settings such as the so called ?petrothermal? systems, which could cover the heat demand for centuries. However, the initial productivity of these systems is often too low for an economically viable utilization. Further research and demonstrators are needed to improve the efficiency and sustainability of geothermal energy systems. Gro? Sch?nebeck, the geothermal research site of the GFZ, has been established as a research platform for technology development and process understanding in order to achieve a broader spectrum of technical solutions for using this domestic form of energy.
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2019-06-12
    Description: ProSalz is a BMBF-funded research project that aims for a better process understanding of geochemical and hydrodynamic interactions between different gases, inhomogeneous salts and moisture and their temporal and spatial dimensions in marginal areas of cavernous salt structures. Through the close cooperation of science and industry, issues of result scalability can be addressed because experiments are performed not only in the laboratory and on the computer but also in situ, in an underground mine. This validates the application of the results to real scenarios such as cavern storage facilities and natural cavernous structures in salt deposits.
    Language: German
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  • 30
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    Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
    In:  System Erde
    Publication Date: 2019-06-13
    Language: German
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  • 31
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    Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
    In:  System Erde
    Publication Date: 2019-06-13
    Description: Sinkholes are circular to elliptical depression or collapse structures in the Earth?s surface, caused by dissolution and subsurface erosion of soluble rocks such as salt, sulfate and carbonate in the presence of groundwater. Depending on the subsoil structure and generation process, sinkholes may form continuously growing depressions at the surface or collapse abruptly into deep holes with diameters up to several tens of meters. Individual process components may be simple and can easily be understood, but the interaction of different processes ahead of a collapse and precursor phenomena with different rates and dimensions impede full process understanding. The joint project SIMULTAN develops and applies an early recognition system of sinkhole instability, unrest, and collapse, with combining structural, geodetic, geophysical, petrophysical, and hydrogeological mapping methods, accompanied by sensor development, multi-scale monitoring, modelling, and an information platform. Sinkhole-affected areas in Germany are based generally on salt highs (e.g., northern Germany), sulfate karst or carbonate karst (mainly southern Germany). The investigations focus in two areas (Hamburg, Thuringia), for which sinkhole unrest has been identified. While local authorities provide individual information and maps about areas of potential sinkhole hazard, a standardized and collective recognition system does not exist, relevant for especially urbanized areas.
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2019-06-13
    Description: The main focus of the TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory (TERENO-Northeast) is the regional impact of Global Change. Since 2011, the observatory has recorded changes in the geo-, hydro-, bio- and atmosphere at six main study sites. The year 2018, particularly in northeast Germany, was record-breaking in regard to dryness and heat. The mean temperature in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was 2 ?C above the long-term average and precipitation was very low at 440 mm (normally around 600 mm). The extreme summer of 2018 was a special opportunity for TERENO-Northeast to measure the regional effects of climate change. One of the consequences was the large number of forest fires, with one major fire destroying around 400 hectares. Other extreme reactions of the ecosystems were shown in TERENO-Northeast. For example, for the first time since its rewetting, Polder Zarnekov fell dry, with unpredictable consequences for the greenhouse gas exchanges. The forest ecosystems of M?ritz National Park, on the other hand, survived the extreme summer surprisingly well, partly because the months before the drought were relatively damp. The research activities of TERENO-Northeast form an important basis to develop realistic options for improved adaptation strategies to the ongoing global change with its particular region-specific effects and challenges.
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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