ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Proceed order?

Export
Filter
  • Other Sources  (2,027)
  • Publication Database IASS  (2,027)
Collection
  • Other Sources  (2,027)
Language
Years
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2020-08-27
    Description: We estimated the individual contributions of black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) to the aerosol absorption coefficient (σap) and absorption aerosol optical depth (AAOD) in the highly polluted Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, by applying the absorption Ångström exponent (AÅE) method to multi-wavelength aethalometer and AERONET sun/sky radiometer measurements. The elevated σap levels observed during the winter and pre-monsoon periods were primarily due to increased usage of diesel generators and low-grade fuel/coal. The AAODBC and AAODBrC values were substantially higher during the pre-monsoon period, almost two-fold higher than winter levels, due to seasonally increased biomass-burning activities from agricultural residue burning and forest fires. The overall contribution of BC to σap was approximately 80%–95%, whereas BrC accounted for 5%–20% at 520 nm. However, the BrC contribution to σap at 370 nm was substantially higher during the winter, ranging from 29.3% to 34.0%. The portioning of AERONET measurements indicates that BC contributed 80% (69%) while BrC contributed 20% (31%) to AAOD of carbonaceous aerosols at 520 nm (370 nm). Although the observation principles and techniques are completely independent, the BC and BrC absorption for simultaneous daytime data points shows a strong correlation between surface aethalometer-based and column AERONET-based estimates. The contributions of BC and BrC to absorption in Kathmandu Valley are similar to those observed under open biomass and garbage-burning conditions; however, the BrC absorption at both 370 and 520 nm is approximately 2- to 3-fold higher than those observed for urban areas in East Asia.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2020-09-22
    Description: This study reports comprehensive analysis of seasonal and inter-annual variations of aerosol optical and physical properties over the Pokhara Valley in the foothills of central Himalayas in Nepal utilizing the high-quality multi-year columnar aerosol data observed recently from January 2010 to December 2017. The influence of forest fires and agro-residue fires on aerosol properties is also investigated. Seasonal mean aerosol optical depth (AOD) over Pokhara is ≥0.3 during the year, highest in pre-monsoon and lowest in monsoon season. AOD exhibits a consistent seasonal cycle every year with a peak in pre-monsoon. Fine mode fraction contributing to AOD and Ångström exponent (α) corroborate seasonal pattern of AODs. AODs show good correlation with fire counts in the Pokhara Valley and surrounding region. The aerosol volume size distributions are bimodal. The peaks in volume size distribution and volume concentrations obtained in 2016 pre-monsoon are the highest during the 8-year observation period which coincided with peaks in the occurrence of highest number of fires in the Pokhara Valley and surrounding region. Effective radius of coarse mode aerosols is an order of magnitude larger than fine mode aerosols. The analysis of optical and physical properties of aerosols over the Pokhara Valley suggest that the aerosols observed over the Himalayan foothills are of urban/industrial, biomass burning and dust origin with proportional contributions varying in different seasons. The study provides observational constraints on aerosol physical and optical properties that can serve as inputs for model simulation of aerosol physiochemical processes and quantification of impacts on air quality, climate and sensitive ecosystems in this data-sparse region.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2020-12-03
    Description: The rising share of renewable energy in the European grid creates a demand for long-length, high-power transmission lines. Superconducting cables represent an attractive option for such connections, offering considerable savings in energy and space for installation. Due to its low cost, the MgB2 superconductor might be an interesting choice, but it requires to be operated at very low temperature. In this paper, a simple thermo-hydraulic model is developed, which allows for a fast assessment of the main dimensions of a four-wall cryogenic envelope around a high-power MgB2 cable as well as the achievable distance between two cooling stations. This model is then expanded to provide the budgetary cost of such a link including the components of the cryostat and the necessary cooling stations. A significant cost reduction as compared to a resistive link can be found for a transmitted power of 6.4 GW. Different optimizations are investigated, which result in further savings.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2020-11-30
    Description: The economic context for renewable power in Europe is shifting: feed-in tariffs are replaced by auctioned premiums as the main support schemes. As renewables approach competitiveness, political pressure mounts to phase out support, whereas some other actors perceive a need for continued fixed-price support. We investigate how the phase-out of support or the reintroduction of feed-in tariffs would affect investors’ choices for renewables through a conjoint analysis. In particular, we analyse the impact of coordination – the simultaneousness – of policy changes across countries and technologies. We find that investment choices are not strongly affected if policy changes are coordinated and returns unaffected. However, if policy changes are uncoordinated, investments shift to still supported – less mature and costlier – technologies or countries where support remains or is reintroduced. This shift is particularly strong for large investors and could potentially skew the European power mix towards an over-reliance on a single, less mature technology or specific generation region, resulting in a more expensive power system. If European countries want to change their renewable power support policies, and especially if they phase out support and expose renewables to market competition, it is important that they coordinate their actions.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Publication Date: 2021-01-04
    Description: This study reports comprehensive analysis of seasonal and inter-annual variations of aerosol optical and physical properties over the Pokhara Valley in the foothills of central Himalayas in Nepal utilizing the high-quality multi-year columnar aerosol data observed recently from January 2010 to December 2017. The influence of forest fires and agro-residue fires on aerosol properties is also investigated. Seasonal mean aerosol optical depth (AOD) over Pokhara is ≥0.3 during the year, highest in pre-monsoon and lowest in monsoon season. AOD exhibits a consistent seasonal cycle every year with a peak in pre-monsoon. Fine mode fraction contributing to AOD and Ångström exponent (α) corroborate seasonal pattern of AODs. AODs show good correlation with fire counts in the Pokhara Valley and surrounding region. The aerosol volume size distributions are bimodal. The peaks in volume size distribution and volume concentrations obtained in 2016 pre-monsoon are the highest during the 8-year observation period which coincided with peaks in the occurrence of highest number of fires in the Pokhara Valley and surrounding region. Effective radius of coarse mode aerosols is an order of magnitude larger than fine mode aerosols. The analysis of optical and physical properties of aerosols over the Pokhara Valley suggest that the aerosols observed over the Himalayan foothills are of urban/industrial, biomass burning and dust origin with proportional contributions varying in different seasons. The study provides observational constraints on aerosol physical and optical properties that can serve as inputs for model simulation of aerosol physiochemical processes and quantification of impacts on air quality, climate and sensitive ecosystems in this data-sparse region.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Publication Date: 2021-01-06
    Description: Sustainable electricity systems need renewable and dispatchable energy sources. Solar energy is an abundant source of renewable energy globally which is, though, by nature only available during the day, and especially in clear weather conditions. We compare three technology configurations able to provide dispatchable solar power at times without sunshine: Photovoltaics (PV) combined with battery (BESS) or thermal energy storage (TES) and concentrating solar power (CSP) with TES. Modeling different periods without sunshine, we find that PV+BESS is competitive for shorter storage durations while CSP+TES gains economic advantages for longer storage periods (also over PV+TES). The corresponding tipping points lie at 2–3 hours (current cost), and 4–10 hours if expectations on future cost developments are taken into consideration. PV+TES becomes only more competitive than CSP+TES with immense additional cost reductions of PV. Hence, there remain distinct niches for two technologies: PV+BESS for short storage durations and CSP+TES for longer ones.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Die Mediation : Fachmagazin für Konfliktlösung - Enscheidungsfindung - Kommunikation
    Publication Date: 2021-01-15
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    transcript Verlag
    Publication Date: 2021-01-14
    Description: Richard Sennett bereichert seit Jahrzehnten als Soziologe und öffentlicher Intellektueller die gesellschaftlichen Zeitdiagnosen. Mit dem Buch »Die offene Stadt« hat er seine Homo Faber-Trilogie abgeschlossen, die eine Selbstreflexion seines Schaffens widerspiegelt. Die Beiträger*innen werfen daher einen Blick zurück auf sein Werk und diskutieren dessen aktuelle Relevanz. Sie widmen sich jeweils einem zentralen Thema seiner Arbeiten – Charakter, Öffentlichkeit, Kultur, Demokratie, Stadt, Arbeit, Soziale Arbeit, Schreiben, Pragmatismus und Ethik – und liefern damit ein wichtiges Referenzwerk der deutschsprachigen Sennett-Rezeption.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/book
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Publication Date: 2021-01-14
    Description: In order to achieve the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement, the world must reach net‐zero carbon emissions around mid‐century, which calls for an entirely new energy system. Carbon pricing, in the shape of taxes or emissions trading schemes, is often seen as the main, or only, necessary climate policy instrument, based on theoretical expectations that this would promote innovation and diffusion of the new technologies necessary for full decarbonization. Here, we review the empirical knowledge available in academic ex‐post analyses of the effectiveness of existing, comparatively high‐price carbon pricing schemes in the European Union, New Zealand, British Columbia, and the Nordic countries. Some articles find short‐term operational effects, especially fuel switching in existing assets, but no article finds mentionable effects on technological change. Critically, all articles examining the effects on zero‐carbon investment found that existing carbon pricing scheme have had no effect at all. We conclude that the effectiveness of carbon pricing in stimulating innovation and zero‐carbon investment remains a theoretical argument. So far, there is no empirical evidence of its effectiveness in promoting the technological change necessary for full decarbonization.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
    Publication Date: 2021-01-14
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 11
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  The lancet. Planetary health
    Publication Date: 2021-01-11
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 12
    Publication Date: 2021-01-12
    Description: Am 20. Januar tritt Joseph Biden sein Amt als 46. Präsident der USA an. Dies weckt große Hoffnungen für die internationalen Klimaschutzbemühungen. Doch die jüngsten Unruhen in Washington haben nochmals verdeutlicht: Biden übernimmt die Führung eines tief gespaltenen Landes – der Klimaschutz ist da keine Ausnahme. Während 87 Prozent der Demokratinnen und Demokraten den Klimawandel als wichtige Bedrohung wahrnehmen, ist dies nur bei 31 Prozent der Republikanerinnen und Republikaner der Fall. Unter den republikanischen Kongressabgeordneten sitzen auch im neuen Kongress etwa 130 Klimawandelleugner. Wie sehen Bidens klimapolitische Ambitionen aus und kann er sie angesichts dieser Herausforderungen umsetzen?
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/other
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 13
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: The notion of systemic risks denominates the danger of destruction of a whole system by the mechanisms of nonlinear interactions between its agents in combination with circular causality between the system´s elementary dynamic processes and the macroscopic structures generated by them. An extensive body of empirical evidence demonstrates a fundamental homomorphism among systemic risks in all domains, from the systems of nature over those of technology up to society. This homomorphism, based on complexity science, allows to formulate cornerstones of a scientific theory resulting in several governance strategies, associated with policy implications, be it to protect ecosystems, technical infrastructure or, last not least, avoid undesired transformation processes in societies. The approach is exemplified here for the systemic risks associated with modern migration phenomena that has direct impact on sustainable development.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 14
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: Our contribution starts off by describing the current situation in Lusatia regarding the coal phase-out. This includes the current plans for organizing a just transition for workers and for funding the economic transition away from coal. We reflect on the history of Lusatia as a coal region and its partial breakdown in the 1990s. The work of the "coal commission" is also included in the analysis. We then offer five insights into the transformation dynamic in Lusatia - from the perspective of mayors, regional appointees (provincial government), civil society, a transition agency, and young trainees in the coal sector. We suggest that the common denominators between them are simultaneity and uncertainty. Based on our analysis, we carve out common challenges, including ongoing local conflicts around coal, exaggerated expectations, a lack of meaningful participatory opportunities and the persistence of unsustainable economic activities. We therefore suggest that the transition process in Lusatia requires a debate on the role sustainability should have in the transformation, and improved possibilities for impactful participation opportunities.
    Description: Nach dem Strukturbruch der 1990er Jahren steht der Region mit dem Ausstieg aus der Braunkohle ein neuerlicher Wandel ins Haus. Dieser ist ein Anlass, damit Lausitzer*innen sich darüber verständigen können, in welcher Zukunft sie leben wollen.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 15
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: A multi-scale modelling system was developed to provide hourly NOx concentration fields at a building-resolving scale in the urban area of Modena, a city in the middle of the Po Valley (Italy), one of the most polluted areas in Europe. The WRF-Chem model was applied over three nested domains and employed with the aim of reproducing local background concentrations, taking into account meteorological and chemical transformation at the regional scale with nested resolutions of 15 km, 3 km and 1 km. Conversely, the PMSS modelling system was applied to simulate 3D air pollutant dispersion, due to traffic emissions, with a very high-resolution (4 m) on a 6 km × 6 km domain covering the city of Modena. The methodology employed to account for anthropogenic emissions relies on two different strategies. Traffic emissions were based on a bottom-up approach using emission factors suggested by the European Environmental Agency with traffic fluxes estimated by the PTV VISUM model in the urban area of Modena, combined with direct traffic flow measurements performed between October 28 and November 8, 2016 which was used for the hourly vehicle modulation. Other anthropogenic emissions were taken from the TNO-MACC III inventory at the scales resolved by the WRF-Chem model. Simulations were performed for the same period whereby the traffic measurement campaign was carried out. 2 m temperature and 10 m wind speed were captured quite well by the WRF-Chem model with statistical metrics in line with similar case studies related to the Northern Italy. The NOx concentrations reproduced in the Po Valley area by WRF-Chem were on average simulated reasonably well with a general negative bias in almost all the examined rural background monitoring stations. Additionally, the deployment of an emission inventory at the original resolution (7 km) highlighted that increasing resolution from 3 km to 1 km does not generally improve the model performance. Nevertheless, simulated and observed NOx hourly concentrations in the urban area of Modena exhibit a large agreement in particular for urban traffic site where detailed traffic emission estimations proved to be very successful in reproducing the observed NOx trend. At urban background stations, despite a general underestimation of the observed concentrations, the combination of WRF-Chem with PMSS provided daily pattern in line with observations. The analysis of the modelled NOx daily cycle pointed out also that at both traffic and background urban stations the morning NOx peak concentration was on average underestimated. This could be explained with an overestimation of mixing phenomena between 07:30 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. by WRF-Chem which leads to a greater dispersion of NOx along the vertical and thus a morning underestimation. The statistical analysis showed finally that PMSS combined with WRF-Chem at both the resolutions (3 km and 1 km) and at both traffic and background sites fulfilled standard acceptance criteria for urban dispersion model evaluation, confirming that the proposed multi-modelling system can be employed as a tool to support environmental policies, epidemiological studies and urban mobility planning.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 16
    Publication Date: 2020-03-30
    Description: High investment costs are a key impediment to the energetic refurbishment of residential buildings in Germany. A versatile consumer market for smart thermostat systems suggests that they might constitute a low-investment alternative that is also accessible for tenants. Here, we assess the cost-effectiveness of smart thermostat systems under different conditions and in comparison with other mitigation measures. A dynamic investment model is set up and applied to two typical home types, an average single-family house and an average apartment, built between 1949 and 1978. The impact of variables such as relative savings, building efficiency standard, investment cost, and heating fuel price on CO2 mitigation costs and payback times is investigated using sensitivity analyses. Smart thermostat systems are cost-effective for the two home types if relative savings of at least 5.7% (single-family house) and 7.7% (apartment) are achieved. Both CO2 mitigation costs and payback times strongly decrease with increasing relative savings for values below 10%. Similarly, the level of savings needed to achieve cost-effectiveness strongly increases with increasing building efficiency for values below 100 kWh/m2a. We demonstrate that smart thermostat systems can be a low-investment measure to cost-effectively reduce CO2 emissions and energy consumption in the residential building sector. They should be used primarily in buildings with a medium to low efficiency standard, where energetic refurbishment is unlikely in the coming years. To assess the economic mitigation potential of smart thermostat systems, broad and granular empirical data on realized heating energy savings is urgently needed.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 17
    Publication Date: 2020-04-08
    Description: On October 1st, 2019, the CO2nsistent Project (co-financed by the Global CO2 Initiative and EIT Climate-KIC) and the PHOENIX Initiative jointly organized a workshop in Brussels on the topic of CO2 utilization technology and assessment methodologies such as Techno-Economic and Life Cycle assessment (TEA and LCA). The event brought together LCA and TEA practitioners, national and European policy agencies, and the corporate field. To stimulate and enhance participation, diverse session formats were offered: thematic presentations by experts, a panel discussion, as well as a break-out session modeled on the “world café” method. The foci of the day were two-fold: Learning how to support European policymakers when assessing the environmental and economic aspects of CO2 utilization, and initiating an exchange with parallel European initiatives conducting research on CCU assessment methodologies and their environmental and economic perspectives. The event shed light on some unresolved issues raised by industrial actors with regard to the upcom-ing European policy and funding mechanisms (such as ETS Phase IV and Innovation Fund), while national and European decision-makers described the difficulties they face when evaluating CO2 utilization. The current ETS rules are inadequate to properly quantify the climate benefits of indus-trial CCU application, while the Renewable Energy Directive (REDII) lacks requirements for broad-er environmental and social assessments. Workshop participants broadly agreed that the harmoniza-tion of LCA approaches could help to quantify the extent to which CCU can contribute to achieving the GHG emission targets described in the REDII, should address all environmental aspects, and can provide sound guidelines for implementing CCU in the ETS. At the same time, solution-oriented collaborations with LCA and TEA experts (e.g. the CO2nsistent group and others) were considered and examined, also with regard to new instruments and strategies to reduce complexity for policy-makers. The event also aimed at expanding the networks between the organizers and relevant actors in the field, with a particular focus on national and European policymakers. Members of CO2nsistent, LCA4CCU and the Joint Research Centre – all of whom are engaged in CCU assessment methodol-ogies – scrutinized alignments of proposed solutions and elaborated on specific divergences such as low-TRL technology. The likelihood that this effort could ultimately lead to standards for LCA and TEA for CCU was extensively debated with the direct support of the French (AFNOR) and German (DIN) associations for standardization.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 18
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies
    In:  IASS Workshop Summary
    Publication Date: 2020-04-15
    Description: The Workshop “Planetary Health: Scoping the German Research Landscape,” hosted by the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS), took place in Potsdam, Germany, on August 28, 2019. The event was convened to explore the theme of Planetary Health, which refers to the idea that the health of the planet and the humans that are part of it are inextricably intertwined. Planetary Health is a topic that naturally cuts across boundaries of traditional academic disciplines. It is directly rele-vant for climate-resilient development issues such as air quality, nutrition and food security, water safety and security, and vector-borne diseases. The concept of Planetary Health has attracted wide-spread interest recently, with examples including the Lancet Countdown: ‘Tracking Progress on Health and Climate Change’, as well as the recently-released sixth Global Environment Outlook (GEO6) report ‘Healthy Planet, Healthy People’. Following an intense day of interdisciplinary dialogue on the topic of Planetary Health, this work-shop summary provides a record of the most important themes and discussions that took place. It can be used to inspire future conversations and collaborations around a rapidly evolving field.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 19
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  The role of public participations in energy transitions
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 20
    Publication Date: 2020-05-29
    Description: Industry 4.0: digital technologies are changing the way industrial production works. This digital informatization of industrial production opens up opportunities for business informatics to develop sociotechnical solutions that support companies in their transformation towards more sustainability. The main contribution of this paper is the presentation, contextualization and controversial discussion of approaches identified in the literature, where digital technologies might offer an opportunity to support corporate sustainability. As a result the paper presents approaches where Industry 4.0 technologies support corporate sustainability management on a general level, and more specifically improve resource efficiency or enable Big Data approaches in order support corporate environmental management.
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 21
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: Many teams have developed a wide range of numerical or categorical indicators of progress in the implementation of the SDG targets. But these indicators cannot identify why target goals have not been accomplished, whether or how they do or do not do justice to the social and cultural context in which they are applied, and how newly emerging social dynamics affect indicators. Nor do they provide means for resolving conflicting values and making balanced trade-offs. Our starting point in examining why we have not been successful in progressing towards sustainability is that the sustainability conundrum is primarily a societal, rather than an environmental problem. Our present emphasis is to maintain our way of life while minimizing its impact, hoping that such a minimization strategy would make the world more sustainable. Reducing for example the extent of pollution but keeping the same industries alive would not be sufficient for a transformation towards sustainability. Instead we should ask “How did we come to this point and what practices, in our societies and in our science, need to change to make progress towards sustainability?” To answer these questions, one needs to go much further back than usual in the history of western societies to identify the societal, scientific, technological and environmental co-evolutionary dynamics that have brought us to the current conundrum. And the fact that most societal challenges are of the “wicked” kind, as well as the need to decide among many societal options and many future pathways that may lead to positive results require that we seriously engage in using “Complex Systems” approaches. It is up to our scientific community to identify these pathways, and we need to move fast!
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 22
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: Expertise in research integration and implementation is an essential but often overlooked component of tackling complex societal and environmental problems. We focus on expertise relevant to any complex problem, especially contributory expertise, divided into ‘knowing-that’ and ‘knowing-how.’ We also deal with interactional expertise and the fact that much expertise is tacit. We explore three questions. First, in examining ‘when is expertise in research integration and implementation required?,’ we review tasks essential (a) to developing more comprehensive understandings of complex problems, plus possible ways to address them, and (b) for supporting implementation of those understandings into government policy, community practice, business and social innovation, or other initiatives. Second, in considering ‘where can expertise in research integration and implementation currently be found?,’ we describe three realms: (a) specific approaches, including interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, systems thinking and sustainability science; (b) case-based experience that is independent of these specific approaches; and (c) research examining elements of integration and implementation, specifically considering unknowns and fostering innovation. We highlight examples of expertise in each realm and demonstrate how fragmentation currently precludes clear identification of research integration and implementation expertise. Third, in exploring ‘what is required to strengthen expertise in research integration and implementation?,’ we propose building a knowledge bank. We delve into three key challenges: compiling existing expertise, indexing and organising the expertise to make it widely accessible, and understanding and overcoming the core reasons for the existing fragmentation. A growing knowledge bank of expertise in research integration and implementation on the one hand, and accumulating success in addressing complex societal and environmental problems on the other, will form a virtuous cycle so that each strengthens the other. Building a coalition of researchers and institutions will ensure this expertise and its application are valued and sustained.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 23
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Nature sustainability
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: A convening of leading international sustainability experts met for the first time in Potsdam, Germany, in March 2019 to re-think sustainability primarily as a societal challenge. Ortwin Renn and Solène Droy from the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies tell Nature Sustainability about the initiative.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 24
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: The tropical tropopause layer (TTL) is the transition region between the well-mixed convective troposphere and the radiatively controlled stratosphere with air masses showing chemical and dynamical properties of both regions. The representation of the TTL in meteorological reanalysis data sets is important for studying the complex interactions of circulation, convection, trace gases, clouds, and radiation. In this paper, we present the evaluation of climatological and long-term TTL temperature and tropopause characteristics in the reanalysis data sets ERA-Interim, ERA5, JRA-25, JRA-55, MERRA, MERRA-2, NCEP-NCAR (R1), and CFSR. The evaluation has been performed as part of the SPARC (Stratosphere–troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate) Reanalysis Intercomparison Project (S-RIP). The most recent atmospheric reanalysis data sets (ERA-Interim, ERA5, JRA-55, MERRA-2, and CFSR) all provide realistic representations of the major characteristics of the temperature structure within the TTL. There is good agreement between reanalysis estimates of tropical mean temperatures and radio occultation data, with relatively small cold biases for most data sets. Temperatures at the cold point and lapse rate tropopause levels, on the other hand, show warm biases in reanalyses when compared to observations. This tropopause-level warm bias is related to the vertical resolution of the reanalysis data, with the smallest bias found for data sets with the highest vertical resolution around the tropopause. Differences in the cold point temperature maximize over equatorial Africa, related to Kelvin wave activity and associated disturbances in TTL temperatures. Interannual variability in reanalysis temperatures is best constrained in the upper TTL, with larger differences at levels below the cold point. The reanalyses reproduce the temperature responses to major dynamical and radiative signals such as volcanic eruptions and the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO). Long-term reanalysis trends in temperature in the upper TTL show good agreement with trends derived from adjusted radiosonde data sets indicating significant stratospheric cooling of around −0.5 to −1 K per decade. At 100 hPa and the cold point, most of the reanalyses suggest small but significant cooling trends of −0.3 to −0.6 K per decade that are statistically consistent with trends based on the adjusted radiosonde data sets. Advances of the reanalysis and observational systems over the last decades have led to a clear improvement in the TTL reanalysis products over time. Biases of the temperature profiles and differences in interannual variability clearly decreased in 2006, when densely sampled radio occultation data started being assimilated by the reanalyses. While there is an overall good agreement, different reanalyses offer different advantages in the TTL such as realistic profile and cold point temperature, continuous time series, or a realistic representation of signals of interannual variability. Their use in model simulations and in comparisons with climate model output should be tailored to their specific strengths and weaknesses.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 25
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: The health of the ocean, central to human well-being, has now reached a critical point. Most fish stocks are overexploited, climate change and increased dissolved carbon dioxide are changing ocean chemistry and disrupting species throughout food webs, and the fundamental capacity of the ocean to regulate the climate has been altered. However, key technical, organizational, and conceptual scientific barriers have prevented the identification of policy levers for sustainability and transformative action. Here, we recommend key strategies to address these challenges, including (1) stronger integration of sciences and (2) ocean-observing systems, (3) improved science-policy interfaces, (4) new partnerships supported by (5) a new ocean-climate finance system, and (6) improved ocean literacy and education to modify social norms and behaviors. Adopting these strategies could help establish ocean science as a key foundation of broader sustainability transformations.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 26
    Publication Date: 2020-03-30
    Description: Rural energy consumption not only significantly affects the national economy but also informs us about the living conditions of rural residents. A comprehensive survey of households in the agropastoral area of Qinghai Province was conducted from 2017 to 2018 to identify its energy consumption characteristics. In this paper, a typical household energy flow model was established. The results show that 1) the proportion of noncommercial energy in the agropastoral area of Qinghai Province is 52.89%, and it is affected by the ‘returning farmland to forest’ (RFF) policy and the ‘returning grazing land to grassland project’ (RGLGP). Furthermore, the household energy consumption structure has shifted from traditional biomass to coal and a combination of other energy sources. 2) Households of different cultural backgrounds have different energy consumption patterns. 3) High-income households consume more energy and have more frequent energy flows compared with low-income households. The results of this survey will help policymakers and scholars to formulate strategies for energy conservation and more effectively assess energy policies.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 27
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  The role of public participations in energy transitions
    Publication Date: 2020-03-30
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 28
    Publication Date: 2020-04-03
    Description: As the forerunner and policy test field of the sustainable development, the sustainable development pilot zones are an important strategy for China to explore the mechanism and model of the coordinated development of human and land in different regional units. However, the impact of sustainable development pilot zones, especially on the improvement of environmental efficiency, needs to be assessed. In this paper, 187 prefecture-level cities in China were taken as samples (22 sustainable development pilot zones and 165 nonpilot ones). Firstly, the environmental efficiency of 187 prefecture-level cities between 2006 and 2016 was measured by data envelopment analysis (DEA). Then, the effect of construction of sustainable development pilot zones on environmental efficiency was assessed using the difference-in-difference (DID) model. The assessment results were further verified by propensity score matching with difference-in-difference (PSM-DID). In addition, the impact mechanism of construction of the sustainable development pilot zones on the environmental efficiency was discussed. Results show that the environmental efficiency of sustainable development pilot zones is 27.7∼31.7% greater than that of nonsustainable one, which is mainly attributed to the environmental regulation and industrial structure adjustment.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 29
    Publication Date: 2020-03-30
    Description: Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU) is an emerging technology field that can replace fossil carbon value chains, and that has a significant potential to achieve emissions mitigation or even “negative emissions”—however in many cases with challenging technology feasibility and economic viability. Further challenges arise in the decision making for CCU technology research, development, and deployment, in particular when allocating funding or time resources. No generally accepted techno-economic assessment (TEA) standard has evolved, and assessment studies often result in “apples vs. oranges” comparisons, a lack of transparency and a lack of comparability to other studies. A detailed guideline for systematic techno-economic (TEA) and life cycle assessment (LCA) for CCU technologies was developed; this paper shows a summarized version of the TEA guideline, which includes distinct and prioritized (shall and should) rules and which allows conducting TEA in parallel to LCA. The TEA guideline was developed in a co-operative and creative approach with roughly 50 international experts and is based on a systematic literature review as well as on existing best practices from TEA and LCA from the areas of industry, academia, and policy. To the best of our knowledge, this guideline is the first TEA framework with a focus on CCU technologies and the first that is designed to be conducted in parallel to LCA due to aligned vocabulary and assessment steps, systematically including technology maturity. Therefore, this work extends current literature, improving the design, implementation, and reporting approaches of TEA studies for CCU technologies. Overall, the application of this TEA guideline aims at improved comparability of TEA studies, leading to improved decision making and more efficient allocation of funds and time resources for the research, development, and deployment of CCU technologies.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 30
    Publication Date: 2020-03-30
    Description: Dieses Hintergrundpapier gibt einen kurzen Überblick über internationale Aspekte einer Wasserstoffpolitik. Zunächst werden zentrale physikalische und techno-ökonomische Grundlagen zum Energieträger Wasserstoff dargestellt und einige Nachhaltigkeitsaspekte von Wasserstoff sowie die wichtigsten Zertifizierungsinitiativen in diesem Zusammenhang beschrieben. Daraufhin stellt das Papier bestehende Initiativen und Foren der europäischen und internationalen Wasserstoffpolitik vor. Es gibt zudem einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Aktivitäten und Strategien einer Auswahl von Vorreitern und Ländern mit Ambitionen, die zum Teil bereits heute erste konkrete Schritte in Richtung einer internationalen Wasserstoffwirtschaft gehen. Schließlich werden potenzielle Exportländer benannt, die in einschlägigen Studien als besonders vielversprechende Handelspartner für Deutschland und Europa identifiziert wurden. Das Papier schließt mit einem kurzen Fazit zu wichtigen Fragen einer internationalen Wasserstoffpolitik.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 31
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  The role of public participation in energy transitions
    Publication Date: 2020-03-30
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 32
    Publication Date: 2020-03-30
    Description: Indicators are an essential component of national strategies and policies relating to energy transition and regulation. Both China and Germany are expected to take the lead on the global effort to achieve clean energy and a reduction in GHG emissions. A better understanding of the institutional environment in both countries will guide those who follow them. By using text analysis, we have examined the main energy indicators used in official strategies and policies and divided them into ten categories. We have found that both countries value renewable energy as a solution to energy transition, although in China “non-fossil energy” appears more often in political documents, and “nuclear energy” is valued as an important source. In Germany, short-, medium- and long-term indicators are clearly stated and are consistent over time and between documents. Meanwhile, in China the indicators and targets are updated every five years, which fits with the rapid domestic development of the country but fails to provide a clear long-term vision. We argue that the roots of such differences can be found in governance systems, the global energy market, and national political and economic priorities, and that international cooperation is needed to standardize energy indicators so that the global energy transition can be navigated more effectively.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 33
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Disziplinäres und Interdisziplinäres : Einblicke und Ausblicke ; Festvorträge auf Leibniz-Tagen der Leibniz-Sozietät der Wissenschaften zu Berlin von 1994 bis 2019
    Publication Date: 2020-04-14
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 34
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Description: The Anthropocene as a new planetary epoch has brought to the foreground the deep-time interconnections of human agency with the earth system. Yet despite this recognition of strong temporal interdependencies, we still lack understanding of how societal and political organizations can manage interconnections that span several centuries and dozens of generations. This study pioneers the analysis of what we call “deep-time organizations.” We provide detailed comparative historical analyses of some of the oldest existing organizations worldwide from a variety of sectors, from the world’s oldest bank (Sveriges Riksbank) to the world’s oldest university (University of Al Quaraouiyine) and the world’s oldest dynasty (Imperial House of Japan). Based on our analysis, we formulate 12 initial design principles that could lay, if supported by further empirical research along similar lines, the basis for the construction and design of “deep-time organizations” for long-term challenges of earth system governance and planetary stewardship.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 35
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Description: Gene editing tools are ‘revolutionizing’ microbiological research. Much of the public debate focuses on the possibility of human germ line applications. The use of genome editing to alter non-human animals, however, will have more immediate impacts on our daily lives. Genome edited animals are used for basic biological and biomedical research and could soon play a role in the livestock industry and ecosystem management. Genome editing thus provides an occasion to rethink societal narratives about the relationships between humans and other animals. Even though the technique can be easily incorporated as an example into a conventional storyline about the development of the modern life sciences as striving for control over nature, it can also help to highlight the anthropocentric biases expressed in these narratives and demonstrate the continuities between humans and other animals.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 36
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Description: The ocean crisis is urgent and central to human wellbeing and life on Earth; past and current activities are damaging the planet's main life support system for future generations. We are witnessing an increase in ocean heat, disturbance, acidification, bio‐invasions and nutrients, and reducing oxygen levels. Several of these act like ratchets: once detrimental or negative changes have occurred, they may lock in place and may not be reversible, especially at gross ecological and ocean process scales. Each change may represent a loss to humanity of resources, ecosystem function, oxygen production and species. The longer we pursue unsuitable actions, the more we close the path to recovery and better ocean health and greater benefits for humanity in the future. We stand at a critical juncture and have identified eight priority issues that need to be addressed in unison to help avert a potential ecological disaster in the global ocean. They form a purposely ambitious agenda for global governance and are aimed at informing decision‐makers at a high level. They should also be of interest to the general public. Of all the themes, the highest priority is to rigorously address global warming and limit surface temperature rise to 1.5°C by 2100, as warming is the pre‐eminent factor driving change in the ocean. The other themes are establishing a robust and comprehensive High Seas Treaty, enforcing existing standards for Marine Protected Areas and expanding their coverage, especially in terms of high levels of protection, adopting a precautionary pause on deep‐sea mining, ending overfishing and destructive fishing practices, radically reducing marine pollution, putting in place a financing mechanism for ocean management and protection, and lastly, scaling up science/data gathering and facilitating data sharing. By implementing all eight measures in unison, as a coordinated strategy, we can build resilience to climate change, help sustain fisheries productivity, particularly for low‐income countries dependent on fisheries, protect coasts (e.g. via soft‐engineering/habitat‐based approaches), promote mitigation (e.g. carbon storage) and enable improved adaptation to rapid global change.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 37
    Publication Date: 2020-05-22
    Description: This factsheet presents key findings from the 2019/2020 COBENEFITS Assessment Series. Although the national COBENEFITS assessments vary in their applied methodologies and are based on different national scenarios, similar trends can be drawn from the results: If policymakers around the world take the necessary decisions to "build back better" with renewable energy now, they can harness significant co-benefits for their countries.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 38
    Publication Date: 2020-05-25
    Description: How are novel energy, technology, and land-use systems strategies for limiting climate change judged to be ‘feasible’? Controversy has arisen around the research community behind integrated assessment modeling (IAM) scenarios used in the Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. This regards the role played by an unproven component in projected energy systems—a coupling of bioenergy generation with carbon capture and storage techniques (BECCS)—that allows IAMs to achieve ambitious temperature targets since adopted by the Paris Agreement. We engage members of the IAM community and a multidisciplinary range of critical experts to interrogate how the ‘feasibility’ of BECCS—or other novel technologies—is assessed within modeling, and use ‘boundary work’ to show how the kind of expertise—and by extension, the authority—held by the IAM community is being challenged. We find that the competing judgments of BECCS's feasibility, between the IAM community and its critics, reflect and reinforce different understandings of the freedom of scientific inquiry, the mutual influences of science and policy, the shape of science communication, and the necessity of reform. We ask what these claims signal for future activity in this space, and conclude with a call for ‘reflexive’ modeling approaches to bridge perspectives.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 39
    Publication Date: 2020-05-28
    Description: This worked example is part of a series of examples that are designed to provide practical guidance to the application of the Techno-Economic Assessment and Life Cycle Assessment Guidelines for CO2 Utilization. This worked example provides guidance on goal setting for TEA, with illustrative examples given for each of the perspectives listed in the guidelines (R&D, Corporate, Market). Multiple goals are derived following the advice of the guidelines with CO2 use in the domestic heating sector as the background. The example also provides advice on assessing the feasibility of using, either alongside a new study or in place of, with illustrative examples provided to demonstrate the impact data variance can have on the results of a study.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 40
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: The poster outlines PhD project and presents guiding research questions, mapping uncertainties and approach and methodology leading to planned aim of PhD project; Reconceptualising Arctic Fossil Fuel Resource Uncertainty.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/other
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 41
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Prokla: Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialwissenschaft
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: Die Lausitz steht vor einer doppelten Herausforderung in den nächsten Jahrzehnten. Mit dem Kohleausstieg wird eine zentrale Industrie wegbrechen und bereits heute erfährt die sich zunehmend radikalisierende AfD in der Region große Zustimmung. Der Beitrag diskutiert auf der Basis von Interviewmaterial die ökonomischen, politischen und kulturellen Gründe für das Erstarken des autoritären Populismus in der Lausitz und die dem entgegenwirkenden Dynamiken einer progressiven Erneuerung.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 42
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Cambridge University Press
    In:  New Directions in Sustainability and Society
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: In this Open Access book, Sander van der Leeuw examines how the modern world has been caught in a socioeconomic dynamic that has generated the conundrum of sustainability. Combining the methods of social science and complex systems science, he explores how western, developed nations have globalized their world view and how that view has led to the sustainability challenges we are now facing. Its central theme is the coevolution of cognition, demography, social organization, technology, and environmental impact. Beginning with the earliest human societies, van der Leeuw links the distant past with the present in order to demonstrate how the information and communications technology revolution is undermining many of the institutional pillars on which contemporary societies have been constructed. An original view of social evolution as the history of human information-processing, his book shows how the past offers insight into the present and can help us deal with the future.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/book
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 43
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS); Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI); TMG - ThinkTank for Sustainability (TMG)
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: In 2017, at the UN Ocean Conference in New York and the Our Ocean Conference in Malta, Germany and the European Union announced their support for establishing a "cross-sectoral and cross-bound-ary multi-stakeholder platform for regional ocean governance" under the Partnership for Regional Ocean Governance (PROG)1. This important commitment was delivered through the development of the Marine Regions Forum, a participatory, knowledge-based platform at the science-policy-society interface. The first Marine Regions Forum was held from 30 September to 2 October 2019 in Berlin, under the banner Achieving a healthy ocean - Regional ocean governance beyond 2020. The Forum provided a unique space for open and productive exchange on pressing ocean issues, bringing together over 200 leading experts from 50 countries representing diverse marine regions and backgrounds, from academia and research, policy and decision-making, non-governmental organisations and industry, the arts and media. Keen to move beyond simply restating the challenges, participants jointly ex-plored the obstacles that need to be overcome in order to achieve the sustainable development goal (SDG) 14 and developed new pathways and solutions for accelerating progress. Discussions focussed on the role of regional governance approaches in particular and underpinned the importance of inte-grating knowledge and decision-making for sustainable ocean futures. In addition to eighteen parallel dialogue sessions running under the three conference themes Achiev-ing SDG 14 (Theme 1), Underpinning global processes (Theme 2) and Knowledge for ocean action (Theme 3), the Marine Regions Forum 2019 had daily plenary sessions that ensured the infusion of new ideas and ways of thinking and helped to deepen the debates among participants. Keynote speakers and plenary panellists from different sectors and marine regions reflected on the Marine Regions Forum's discussion topics and shared their views on the role of regions and options for ac-celerating progress. Side activities offered during conference breaks helped to create an inspiring Ocean Realm and offered space for reflection and networking. The Marine Regions Forum 2019 came at a crucial time for global ocean governance. Our ocean is in crisis, threatening the health of marine ecosystems and the vital ecosystem services they provide to humankind. There is nonetheless cause for hope, as the international community is proactively respond-ing by: implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and SDG 14; negotiating a new legally-binding instrument for biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ); integrating ocean issues into the climate discussions; and developing the Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021 - 2030). Although these actions offer windows of opportunity, they require strong engagement, coordination and cooperation by marine regions. The year 2020 will be a year of stock-taking and criti-cal review to determine whether our actions are sufficiently ambitious to meet the challenges. The Marine Regions Forum 2019 has shown that the Forum is well positioned to provide solution-oriented input into these processes by bringing together the expertise and insights of actors and stakeholders from different backgrounds and regions, helping to develop integrated answers to the most pressing challenges, and facilitating collective strategies for the period beyond 2020. This conference report aims to provide a summary of the discussions held and recommendations developed during three intense but invigorating conference days. It has been prepared in cooperation with the organisers, moderators, co-hosts and rapporteurs of the dialogue sessions, plenaries and side activities. The conference organisers have, in consultation with the participants of the Marine Regions Forum, prepared conclusions that have emerged from the Marine Regions Forum 2019. These conference messages will be submitted as a solution-oriented input to key ocean governance processes. It is thanks to the over 200 participants and their open dialogue and sharing of experiences, that the space and arrangements became a room for ocean solutions and delivered clear messages to the international ocean governance community.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 44
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Journal of European integration
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: This paper investigates contestation of authority in EU energy policy, with a focus on natural gas. It argues that the main challenge centers on the EU’s goals and means of energy security policy, not the location and scope of authority. The contested choice is between an across-the-board approach to regulation (Regulatory Power)- and a strategy that opens for the use of regulatory tools for geo-political purposes (Market Power). Competing claims of authority and competing views on how the European Commission should wield its regulatory power reflect both geography (North-Western versus (South-Eastern Europe) and the policy paradigm (market versus geo-politics). The Commission’s traditional strategy in energy policy – power-sharing and compromise – only works if there exists a consensus on the ultimate purpose of regulation. However, when the contested issue is whether the Commission should use is regulatory power to pursue market integration or geo-political goals, this presents a genuine policy dilemma.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 45
    Publication Date: 2020-04-08
    Description: This study presents a comprehensive analysis of organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), and particularly the light absorption characteristics of EC and water-soluble brown carbon (WS–BrC) in total suspended particles in the Kathmandu Valley from April 2013 to January 2018. The mean OC, EC, and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) concentrations were 34.8 ± 27.1, 9.9 ± 5.8, and 17.4 ± 12.5 μg m−3, respectively. A clear seasonal variation was observed for all carbonaceous components with higher concentrations occurring during colder months and lower concentrations in the monsoon season. The relatively low OC/EC ratio (3.6 ± 2.0) indicates fossil fuel combustion as the primary source of carbonaceous components. The optical attenuation (ATN) at 632 nm was significantly connected with EC loading (ECS) below 15 μg cm−2 but ceased as ECS increased, reflecting the increased influence of the shadowing effect. The derived average mass absorption cross-section of EC (MACEC) (7.0 ± 4.2 m2 g−1) is comparable to that of freshly emitted EC particles, further attesting that EC was mainly produced from local sources with minimal atmospheric aging processes. Relatively intensive coating with organic aerosols and/or salts (e.g., sulfate, nitrate) was probably the reason for the slightly higher MACEC during the monsoon season, whereas increased biomass burning was a major factor leading to lower MACEC in other seasons. The average MACWS-BrC at 365 nm was 1.4 ± 0.3 m2 g−1 with minimal seasonal variations. In contrast to MACEC, biomass burning was the main reason for a higher MACWS-BrC in the non-monsoon season. The relative light absorption contribution of WS-BrC to EC was 9.9% over the 300–700 nm wavelength range, with a slightly higher ratio (13.6%) in the pre-monsoon season. Therefore, both EC and WS-BrC should be considered in the study of optical properties and radiative forcing of carbonaceous aerosols in this region.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 46
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Hirschberg : Magazin
    Publication Date: 2020-04-23
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 47
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI)
    Publication Date: 2020-05-08
    Description: States at the United Nations are currently negotiating an international legally binding instrument (ILBI) for the conservation and sustainable use of the biological diversity of marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) and there is a growing interest in how Monitoring, Control, and Surveillance (MCS) tools and policies can contribute to the management of this vast global commons. The negotiations therefore provide an important opportunity to learn from the wealth of experience gained to date and strengthen existing provisions, thereby facilitating harmonised and efficient MCS that can ultimately ensure effective implementation of rules on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 48
    Publication Date: 2020-05-15
    Description: Der Bericht stellt die Resultate einer multikriteriellen Bewertung verschiedener Szenarien eines Kohleausstiegs in Deutschland vor. Die exemplarischen Politikszenarien basieren auf unterschiedlich umfassenden politischen Maßnahmenbündeln und bewegen sich im Spannungsfeld zwischen Ordnungsrecht und Markt. Der transdisziplinäre Bewertungsprozess wurde parallel zur Kohlekommission im Rahmen des Kopernikus-Projektes „Energiewende-Navigationssystem“ (ENavi) erprobt. Hierbei schätzten die Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler des Konsortiums die Folgen der Maßnahmenbündel ab und bewerteten diese anhand von zehn Nachhaltigkeitskriterien. Die so entstandenen Bewertungsvorschläge wurden mit Stakeholdern aus Zivilgesellschaft, Industrie, Wirtschaft und Politik geprüft, diskutiert und verfeinert. Der Bericht gibt einen Überblick zu Prozess, Methodik sowie Ergebnissen der Bewertung. Zudem zeigt er, unter anderem anhand eines Vergleichs mit der Kohlekommission, Verbesserungspotentiale des realisierten Bewertungsverfahrens auf. Die Erfahrungen, Empfehlungen und identifizierten Forschungsbedarfe bieten wertvolle Gestaltungshinweise für zukünftige Projekte mit einer ähnlichen inter- und transdisziplinären Herangehensweise.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 49
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Description: Grand societal challenges call for a sustainability transition away from a fossil-based society toward a bioeconomy, in which energy and manufacturing production processes are based on sustainable biological resources. In this context, the forest bioeconomy can play a key role, as it links the entire forest value chain, from the management and use of natural resources to the delivery of products and services. The paper adds to the existing literature on policy mixes, seeking to identify effective policy mixes in support of the European circular forest bioeconomy. To this end, we employ a two-step methodology involving a fuzzy inference simulation, to assess the most suitable policy mixes to promote forest sector development. We considered different scenarios in order to identifying the most suitable policy mix. This analysis of alternatives revealed a number of interesting findings regarding the relative effectiveness of different policy mixes. Strengthening environmental policy resulted to be a precondition for an effective policy mix. According to stakeholder knowledge, the policy mix that performs best in pushing the bio-based forest to evolve in a circular and innovative trajectory, combines “climate mitigation policies” with “sustainable forest management policies,” “R&D policies” and “awareness raising policies.”
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 50
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Evolutionary and institutional economics review
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Description: The challenge facing humanity is to live sustainably within both the ecological and physical limits of our planet and the societal boundaries needed for social cohesion and well-being. This is fundamentally a societal issue, rather than primarily an environmental problem amenable to technological optimization. Implementing the global aspirations embodied in the sustainable development goals of the United Nations will require societal transformation largely through collective behavior change at multiple geographic scales and governance levels across the world. Narrative expressions of visions of sustainable futures and narrative expressions of identity provide important, but underutilized insights for understanding affordances and obstacles to collective behavior change. Analyzing affective narrative expressions circulating in various communities seeking to implement aspects of sustainability opens up the opportunity to test whether affectively prioritized agent-based models can lead to novel emergent dynamics of social movements seeking sustainable futures. Certain types of playful games also offer the means to observe collective behaviors, as well as providing boundary objects and learning environments to facilitate dialogs among diverse stakeholders. Games can be designed to stimulate learning throughout the life span, which builds capacity for continuing innovation for the well-being of societies in moving toward sustainable futures.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 51
    Publication Date: 2020-05-29
    Description: This worked example is part of a series of examples that are designed to provide practical guidance to the application of the Techno-Economic Assessment and Life Cycle Assessment Guidelines for CO2 Utilization. This worked example provides guidance on best practices and potential pitfalls in the production of a LCA inventory utilizing one or more sources of primary/secondary data. The worked example highlights the dangers of “picking and mixing” data by showing how derived results can vary significantly resulting in inconsistencies and uncertainty when considering direct comparisons for products/services and functions. The worked example considers a CO2 to nitrogen rich fertilizer pathway, with 18 inventories produced for assessment.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 52
    Publication Date: 2020-06-03
    Description: Total suspended particles (TSP) were collected in Lumbini from April 2013 to March 2016 to better understand the characteristics of carbonaceous aerosol (CA) concentrations, compositions and sources and their light absorption properties in rural region of severe polluted Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP). Extremely high TSP (203.9 ± 109.6 μg m−3), organic carbon (OC 32.1 ± 21.7 μg m−3), elemental carbon (EC 6.44 ± 3.17 μg m−3) concentrations were observed in Lumbini particularly during winter and post-monsoon seasons, reflecting the combined influences of emission sources and weather conditions. SO42− (7.34 ± 4.39 μg m−3) and Ca2+ (5.46 ± 5.20 μg m−3) were the most dominant anion and cation in TSP. These components were comparable to those observed in urban areas in South and East Asia but significantly higher than those in remote regions over the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau, suggesting severe air pollution in the study region. Various combustion activities including industry, vehicle emission, and biomass burning are the main reasons for high pollutant concentrations. The variation of OC/EC ratio further suggested that biomass such as agro-residue burning contributed a lot for CA, particularly during the non-monsoon season. The average mass absorption cross-section of EC (MACEC) and water-soluble organic carbon (MACWSOC) were 7.58 ± 3.39 and 1.52 ± 0.41 m2 g−1, respectively, indicating that CA in Lumbini was mainly affected by local emissions. Increased biomass burning decreased MACEC; whereas, it could result in high MACWSOC during the non-monsoon season. Furthermore, dust is one important factor causing higher MACWSOC during the pre-monsoon season.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 53
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: Der Einfluss der Digitalisierung auf Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft ist omnipräsent und kann nicht losgelöst von der Debatte zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung betrachtet werden. Vor dem Hintergrund von Industrie 4.0 bietet das betriebliche Nachhaltigkeitsmanagement (BNM) besonderes Potenzial, sich den Themen nachhaltiges Wirtschaften und Digitalisierung aus Perspektive der Unternehmen zu nähern. Ein digitalisiertes Nachhaltigkeitsmanagement in industriellen Unternehmen mit Informationen zu unterstützen, bedarf jedoch einer Durchgängigkeit von Informationen. Um diese zu erreichen und zugleich Informationen aus verschiedenen Disziplinen zu integrieren, sind Methoden der Wissensrepräsentation geeignet. Aktuelle Herausforderungen und Ansätze für die Entwicklung eines offenen und konzeptionellen BNM-Modells werden in diesem Beitrag vorgestellt.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 54
    Publication Date: 2020-04-23
    Description: Am 4. März 2020 kamen auf Einladung des Auswärtigen Amtes und des IASS Potsdam ca. 30 Expert*innen aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Zivilgesellschaft und Wissenschaft in Berlin zusammen um mögliche Elemente einer Wasserstoffaußenpolitik zu diskutieren. In der Gesprächsrunde wurde die Vielschichtigkeit der internationalen Dimension der Wasserstoff- und PtX-Politik sehr deutlich: neben industrie-, wirtschafts- und handelspolitischen Aspekten wurden auch entwicklungs-, geo- und sicherheitspolitische Faktoren erörtert. Weitgehende Einigkeit unter den Teilnehmer*innen bestand darin, dass Deutschland langfristig bedeutende Mengen an Wasserstoff und PtX-Produkten importieren werde. Die Teilnehmer*innen stimmten auch darin überein, dass die Entwicklung eines Systems von Nachhaltigkeitskriterien und entsprechenden Nachweisen als Grundlage für den Markthochlauf sehr wichtig sei. Von vielen Teilnehmer*innen wurde betont, dass Infrastruktur und Transport entscheidende Aspekte seien, die derzeit noch nicht genügend Beachtung in der politischen Debatte fänden. Außerdem wiesen mehrere Teilnehmer*innen darauf hin, dass die Interessen möglicher Exportländer, z.B. hinsichtlich einer eigenen Nutzung des Stroms aus erneuerbaren Energien oder grünen Wasserstoffs oder lokaler Beschäftigungseffekte, von Anfang an intensiv berücksichtigt werden müssten. Eher kontrovers wurde diskutiert, welche prioritären Anwendungsfelder während des Markthochlaufs adressiert werden sollten. Auch die Frage, in wie weit blauer und türkiser Wasserstoff als Übergangslösungen in Betracht zu ziehen sind, wurde uneinheitlich beantwortet. Die Teilnehmer*innen waren auch unterschiedlicher Meinung, was die Notwendigkeit und den Nutzen zusätzlicher internationaler Governance-Strukturen zur Ergänzung bereits bestehender Initiativen und Netzwerke angeht. Ebenso kontrovers wurde diskutiert, wer in die Entwicklung von Nachhaltigkeitskriterien eingebunden werden sollte und ob ein hohes Ambitionsniveau oder eine praktikable internationale Umsetzung diesbezüglich im Vordergrund stehen sollten. Trotz teilweise unterschiedlicher Ansichten begrüßten die Teilnehmer*innen die Möglichkeit diese Themen zu diskutieren und betonten, dass eine Intensivierung des Austauschs zu den internationalen Dimensionen der Wasserstoff- und PtX-Politik unbedingt erforderlich sei.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 55
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Institut für transformative Nachhaltigkeitsforschung (IASS)
    In:  IASS Brochure
    Publication Date: 2020-05-07
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 56
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/other
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 57
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Description: This opinion article offers insights into the geopolitics of the ongoing global energy transition. In doing so, it draws heavily on a workshop in Berlin in late 2018, and a subsequent paper in the journal Nature. Four scenarios are presented. First, the “Big Green Deal” offers a positive story of the future, under the assumption that there will be a multilateral approach to tackling climate change. Second, “Dirty Nationalism” explores the fallout of nations choosing to turn inward and pursue a short‐term, protectionist, and self‐interested agenda. Third, “Technology Breakthrough” illustrates how a technological leap forward could lead to a great power rivalry and distinct regional energy blocs. Finally, “Muddling On” investigates the outcome of an energy transition that reflect business as usual. By comparing and contrasting the different scenarios, the article highlights the potential winners and losers of the different scenarios, and the geopolitical consequences. It also sketches the implications for policy, theory, and scenario thinking more broadly.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 58
    Publication Date: 2020-05-18
    Description: The involvement of early career researchers (ECRs) has been limited during the past Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment cycles. We conducted a global survey among ECRs and interviewed key experts of the IPCC process. Our results show that ECRs are highly motivated to become actively involved in the IPCC process but face a number of barriers to contribute. Mutually beneficial ways forward on how ECRs could contribute are outlined here, and recommendations to implement these paths are suggested to IPCC as well as to ECRs. Concluding, we show that ECRs have great potential to actively contribute to the IPCC process for the continuity of the IPCC as well as to climate science in general.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 59
    Publication Date: 2020-03-12
    Description: Across the world, democracies are suffering from a disconnect between the people and political elites. In communities where jobs and industry are scarce, many feel the government is incapable of understanding their needs or addressing their problems. The resulting frustration has fueled the success of destabilizing demagogues. To reverse this pattern and restore responsible government, we need to reinvigorate democracy at the local level. But what does that mean? Drawing on examples of successful community building in cities large and small, from a shrinking village in rural Austria to a neglected section of San Diego, Reconstructing Democracy makes a powerful case for re-engaging citizens. It highlights innovative grassroots projects and shows how local activists can form alliances and discover their own power to solve problems.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/book
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 60
    Publication Date: 2020-05-29
    Description: This worked example is part of a series of examples that are designed to provide practical guidance to the application of the Techno-Economic Assessment and Life Cycle Assessment Guidelines for CO2 Utilization. In this worked example the impact of “picking and mixing” inventory data on results interpretation is explored in detail. The results of 18 LCA inventories (for a CO2 to nitrogen rich fertilizer pathway) are assessed, showing the inconsistencies in the conclusions drawn from the interpretation phase of the studies.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 61
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Handbook of Energy Governance in Europe
    Publication Date: 2020-06-02
    Description: This chapter gives an overview on the European Union (EU)’s role in global energy governance. It argues that the EU’s capacity to influence the global energy arena is determined by the complex internal design of EU (external) energy policy making on the one side, and the complex role the EU plays as a nontypical global actor in the fragmented landscape of global energy governance on the other side. The first part of the chapter gives an overview of the legal and political foundations shaping the EU’s internal and external policy making. It outlines the status of energy polices in EU treaties and the evolution of EU (external) energy policy ambitions over time and illustrates the role of various intra-EU institutions and instruments in shaping the EU’s external energy output. The second part of the chapter situates the EU within the fragmented global energy governance landscape, mapping the various regional and international organizations that address the EU’s triangular energy objectives – energy security, environmental sustainability, competitiveness – and reflects upon the EU’s status within these various institutions. The chapter closes by reflecting upon current challenges for the EU as an actor aiming at shaping global energy governance.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 62
    Publication Date: 2020-06-08
    Description: We present a Strengths, Vulnerability, and Intervention Assessment related to Digital Threats (SVIDT) method, which provides a problem structuring and decision support for organizational vulnerability and resilience management with respect to changes of the digital transition. The method starts from (i) a multi-level actor analysis, (ii) identifies strengths and weaknesses of organizations, (iii) constructs digital threat scenarios and provides judgment-based expert assessments on the organization's vulnerability, (iv) develops intervention scenarios for tangible threat scenarios, and (v) suggests win-win action scenarios when referring to the multi actor system analysis as for strategic management. A first validation and application includes a structural analysis of the response patterns and a quantitative and qualitative appraisal of the organizations’ managers. This validation is based on an application of the method to 18 German and Austrian organizations of different types and magnitude. We show how the basic concepts of vulnerability (i.e., sensitivity, exposure adaptive capacity) can be quantitatively operationalized when constructing consistent combinations of threat and intervention scenarios. The validation approaches indicate that the method provides meaningful data and assessments and that the managers provided a positive feedback on the method and the recommendations which they received. It is further deliberated whether the assessment method supports organizations’ specified resilience management in an overly complex, systemic digital transition in a (semi) quantitative manner. In addition, we discuss needs for future research regarding practical utility of SVIDT, as well as the positioning of SVIDT in relation to soft operational methods and other methods of operational research.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 63
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    University of Piraeus Research Centre [u.a.]
    In:  MUSTEC working document series
    Publication Date: 2020-06-10
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 64
    Publication Date: 2020-06-10
    Description: Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) offers flexible and decarbonised power generation and is - as a solar power-based balancing opportunity – able to contribute to the transition towards sustainable and stable future electricity systems. To have this technology available for the generation portfolio in Europe when it will be needed, certain conditions in the electricity systems have to be met. In this report, we shed a light on key factors and pivotal decisions for successful CSP deployment in Europe. From the wide range of factors that are relevant for CSP deployment in Europe’s future electricity system, we elaborate in particular on the effect of cooperation, demand-side management, electricity grid expansion, decarbonisation ambition, technology cost developments of CSP and competing technologies, sector coupling, and increasing shares of fluctuating renewables and nuclear phase-out on CSP deployment. This assessment condenses many different outcomes of the MUSTEC project so far and is based on the policy pathway elaboration (WP7) and the core findings from the integrated model-based assessment (WP8). Compiled from these MUSTEC research activities, we present in this report the key drivers and policy decisions that are needed for effective CSP deployment in Europe in the coming years up to 2050.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 65
    Publication Date: 2020-06-10
    Description: Die Covid-19 Pandemie hat das Mobilitätsverhalten eindeutig beeinflusst. Während der ÖPNV mit einem starken Rückgang der Fahrgäste zu kämpfen hat, gewinnen individuelle Mobilitätsformen – wie der Fußverkehr, Radverkehr und Autoverkehr – an Bedeutung. Gleichzeitig haben der Infektionsschutz und das Einhalten der Abstandsregeln höchste Priorität. In Berlin entsteht eine sogenannte Pop-Up-Radinfrastruktur – provisorische Radwege, die mit einfachen Mitteln sicheres Radfahren und den nötigen Abstand ermöglichen. Welche Reaktionen rufen die Pop-Up-Radwege bei den Verkehrsteilnehmer*innen hervor? Ziel der vorliegenden Studie war es, durch eine Online-Befragung explorativ die Reaktionen und Wahrnehmungen in Form von Vor- und Nachteilen zu erfassen.
    Description: The Covid-19 pandemic has clearly influenced mobility behaviour. While public transport has to cope with a sharp decline in the number of passengers, individual forms of mobility - such as walking, cycling and car traffic - gain in importance. At the same time, protection against infection and adherence to the rules of distance are a priority. In Berlin, a so-called pop-up cycling infrastructure is being created - provisional cycle paths that allow safe cycling and the necessary distance to be maintained by means of simple tools. What reactions do the pop-up cycle paths provoke in transportation users? The aim of this study was to explore reactions and perceptions in terms of advantages and disadvantages, using an online questionnaire.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 66
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  The Geopolitics of the Global Energy Transition. Lecture Notes in Energy
    Publication Date: 2020-06-15
    Description: The global energy transition, that is the full decarbonization of the world energy system until 2050, is attracting growing attention in global policy debates.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 67
    Publication Date: 2020-06-15
    Description: How can science and business help build sustainable societies? This question took centre-stage at the second Global Sustainability Strategy Forum (GSSF), held on 22 - 24 March 2020. The event did not take place in Bangkok as previously planned due to the coronavirus pandemic. Instead, 25 leading experts from business and sustainability science came together online to discuss how the two sectors could work together more effectively.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 68
  • 69
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Global Challenges and the Law of the Sea
    Publication Date: 2020-06-18
    Description: One response to the numerous governance challenges faced with respect to the oceans, a shared space, is the creation of international organizations. Typically comprising of representations from member States and with pre-defined mandates, international organizations strive to resolve specific issues. This chapter will provide a categorical overview of these organizations and examine how they operate in isolation, as well as interact with each other, in striving to protect the marine environment. Given the institutional complexity surrounding the individual regimes that create them, the outcomes arrived at by most international organizations occasionally do not represent the collective interests of all member States. Nevertheless, the existence of a common avenue in which marine environmental problems can be raised and discussed as a whole has indeed resulted in the adoption of notable measures to address those problems. Such outcomes would not have been possible without the mechanics that are peculiar to international organizations. Ultimately, this analysis demonstrates the extent to which international organizations formulate the law of the sea and discern some patterns on how their efforts has advanced the protection of the marine environment in recent years.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 70
  • 71
  • 72
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)
    In:  IASS Discussion Paper
    Publication Date: 2020-06-26
    Description: Despite all the sadness, fear, bewilderment and frustration that it is generating, this pandemic is compelling us to "unlearn" and reshape our realities. In this time of radical uncertainty, two fundamental questions have emerged. Could the coronavirus open our eyes for the importance of a global transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies? More precisely, will we finally realize that human health is intrinsically dependent on healthy ecosystems? For professionals involved in sustainable development research and practice, this tragedy inevitably leads to the important theme of planetary health, an evolving field of research and practice that stresses the deep interconnectedness between nature and human health.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 73
    Publication Date: 2020-06-26
    Description: This IASS study takes an in-depth look at Covid-19's impacts on the global energy sector, and then zooms in to the country level to see individual country effects and responses. The case studies are compiled by energy researchers in Argentina, China, Germany, India, Israel, and the United States.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 74
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)
    In:  IASS Discussion Paper
    Publication Date: 2020-06-26
    Description: This Discussion Paper discusses the implications of the European Green Deal and the Circular Economy Action Plan for plastic and packaging waste. According to a recent report, each European Union (EU) inhabitant generated 172.6 kg of packaging waste in the year 2017, 19% of which was made of plastic. Amid growing concerns about the environmental effects of such consumption habits, the regulation of packaging waste and plastic has moved to higher up the legislative agenda of the EU in recent years.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 75
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)
    In:  IASS Fact Sheet
    Publication Date: 2020-06-26
    Description: Das vorliegende Factsheet stellt zentral Ergebnisse aus der 2019/2020 publizierten "COBENEFITS"-Studienreihe vor. Wichtige Impulse für die Erholung von den Folgen der COVID_19-Pandemie können Erneuerbare Energien geben.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 76
    Publication Date: 2020-06-24
    Description: Digitalization is creating new patterns of production and consumption and bringing sweeping changes across the economy. The increasing use of information and com-munication technology (ICT) has stirred hopes that this will create new opportunities for economic development and lead to more environmentally friendly production methods. The social and environmental impacts of this digital transformation are only beginning to be understood, and little reliable data on its environmental effects exists. However, some initial trends are already discernible. It remains unclear whether the digital transformation of the economy can be reconciled with the goals of sustainable development. This will depend to a large degree on how the digital transformation is shaped at the national and international levels.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 77
    Publication Date: 2020-06-24
    Description: Die Digitalisierung schafft neue Produktions- und Konsummuster und verändert nahezu jeden Bereich der Wirtschaft. Dabei ist der zunehmende Einsatz von Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie (IKT) mit der Hoffnung auf ökonomische Entwicklungschancen und umweltfreundlichere Produktion verbunden. Die sozialen und ökologischen Auswirkungen des digitalen Wandels in der Wirtschaft sind derweil erst in Ansätzen verstanden. Vor allem zu den Umwelteffekten ist wissenschaftlich belastbares Datenmaterial rar. Erste Trends lassen sich jedoch bereits ablesen. Ob es gelingt, den digitalen Wandel der Wirtschaft mit den Zielen einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung in Einklang zu bringen, ist ungewiss und hängt entscheidend von der Gestaltung der digitalen Transformation auf nationaler und internationaler Ebene ab.
    Language: German
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 78
    Publication Date: 2020-06-25
    Description: Some scholars have labeled the financial structures that faced a run during the 2007-9 Financial Crisis as ‘shadow banking system’ and have connected it to the emergence of new monetary instruments. This was the starting point for thinking about various forms of private debt as ‘shadow money’. Since then several shadow money theories have emerged, with seemingly different conceptualizations of shadow money. We argue that, despite different terminology and intellectual ancestry, these theories generally agree on three key criteria that define shadow money. A financial instrument must be met by a demand that considers it an alternative to established forms of money, has to trade at par to higher-ranking forms of money and must be created through a swap of private debt certificates (IOUs). Based on these criteria, we look at four instruments to discuss how and under what conditions they correspond, or have corresponded, to those criteria. These are money market fund shares, overnight repurchase agreements, assetbacked commercial papers and foreign exchange swaps. We show that the disagreement over what instruments to count as shadow money lies in the level of strictness in applying those criteria on real-world financial instruments. If we are mathematically strict, none of the instruments can be categorized as shadow money. If we allow for more empirical variation, then all of the instruments correspond to the definition.
    Language: English
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 79
    Publication Date: 2020-07-03
    Description: The report is confidential and only available for the Chinese government.
    Language: Chinese
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/report
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...