Description / Table of Contents:
The editors present a state-of-the-art overview on the Physics of Space Weather and its effects on technological and biological systems on the ground and in space. It opens with a general introduction on the subject, followed by a historical review on the major developments in the field of solar terrestrial relationships leading to its development into the up-to-date field of space weather. Specific emphasis is placed on the technological effects that have impacted society in the past century at times of major solar activity. Chapter 2 summarizes key milestones, starting from the base of solar observations with classic telescopes up to recent space observations and new mission developments with EUV and X-ray telescopes (e.g., STEREO), yielding an unprecedented view of the sun-earth system. Chapter 3 provides a scientific summary of the present understanding of the physics of the sun-earth system based on the latest results from spacecraft designed to observe the Sun, the interplanetary medium and geospace. Chapter 4 describes how the plasma and magnetic field structure of the earth`s magnetosphere is impacted by the variation of the solar and interplanetary conditions, providing the necessary science and technology background for missions in low and near earth`s orbit. Chapter 5 elaborates the physics of the layer of the earth`s upper atmosphere that is the cause of disruptions in radio-wave communications and GPS (Global Positioning System) errors, which is of crucial importance for projects like Galileo. In Chapters 6-10, the impacts of technology used up to now in space, on earth and on life are reviewed.
Type of Medium:
Online Ressource (31328 KB, 517 S.)
Online-Ausg. 2009 Electronic reproduction; Available via World Wide Web
Springer-Praxis books in environmental sciences
Introduction; Space weather forecasting historically viewed through the lens of meteorology; The Sun as the prime source of space weather; The coupling of the solar wind to the Earth's magnetosphere; Major radiation environments in the heliosphere and their implications for interplanetary travel; Radiation belts and ring current; Ionospheric response; Solar effects in the middle and lower stratosphere and probable associations with the troposphere; Space weather effects on communications; Space weather effects on power grids; Space weather impacts on space radiation protection.
Effects on spacecraft hardware and operationsEffects on satellite navigation; Forecasting space weather.