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  • Articles  (227)
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  • Articles  (227)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Description: In this paper we analyze an inter-temporal optimization problem of a representative firm that invests in horizontal and vertical innovations and that faces a constraint with respect to total R&D spending. We find that there can exist two different steady-states of the economy when the amount of research spending falls short of an endogenously determined threshold: one with higher productivities and less new technologies being developed, and the other with more technologies being created and lower productivities. But, for a higher amount of R&D spending the steady-state becomes unique and the firm produces the whole spectrum of available technologies. Thus, a lock-in effect may arise that, however, can be overcome by raising R&D spending sufficiently.
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
    Published by Springer
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
    Published by Springer
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
    Published by Springer
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Description: This paper investigates the coordination problem of a supply chain (SC) composed of a manufacturer exhibiting corporate social responsibility (CSR) and a retailer faced with random demand. The random demand is made up of the multiplication of price-dependent demand and random demand factor (RDF), plus the CSR-dependent demand. The centralized decision problem of the SC is an extension of the existing price setting newsvendor problem (PSNP). It is found that the sufficient condition for the quasi-concavity of expected profit (EP) on PSNP can not ensure the quasi-concavity of EP of the SC. Then, the concavity condition of EP related to the CSR effect factor is presented in the case of uniformly distributed RDF and linear demand in price, and the concavity of EP is proven under centralized decision. For decentralized decision under manufacturer’s Stackelberg game, the manufacturer determines wholesale price and its CSR investment, and then the retailer decides the order quantity and the retail price. The standard revenue-sharing (RS) contract is found not able to coordinate the SC, so a modified RS (MRS) contract is proposed to coordinate the SC. Finally, numerical examples illustrate the validity of the theoretical analysis and the coordination effectiveness of the MRS contract via Matlab.
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
    Published by Springer
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  • 5
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    Springer
    In: 4OR
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
    Published by Springer
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Description: In this paper, we consider a multi-source Weber problem of m new facilities with respect to n demand regions in order to minimize the sum of the transportation costs between these facilities and the demand regions. We find a point on the border of each demand region from which the facilities serve the demand regions at these points. We present an algorithm including a location phase and an allocation phase in each iteration for solving this problem. An algorithm is also proposed for carrying out the location phase. Moreover, global convergence of the new algorithm is proved under mild assumptions, and some numerical results are presented.
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
    Published by Springer
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  • 7
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    Springer
    In: 4OR
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
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  • 9
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    Springer
    In: 4OR
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Description: This is the traditional triennial note used by the editors to give the readers of 4OR information on the state of the journal and its future. In the 3 years that have passed since the last editorial note (Liberti et al. in Q J Oper 13:1–13, 2015 ), three volumes (each containing four issues) of the journal have been published: vol. 13 (2015), vol. 14 (2016), and vol. 15 (2017).
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-03-05
    Description: In this study, we deal with the problem of short-term transportation outsourcing for transshipment centers. The carrier needs to determine the numbers of outsourced and self-run trips for the different types of transportation tasks. Stochastic demands which are likely to occur in actual operation are considered. Different trip numbers need to be determined in sequence, so a two-stage stochastic programming technique is applied to formulate the problem. Two models are developed based upon practical considerations to help determine the optimal transportation outsourcing plan. A case study regarding the operations of a logistics carrier in Taiwan is performed. Several tests are also performed considering the number of demand scenarios, optimality gaps, variations in demands, outsourcing cost variations, and problem dimensions in order to better understand the performance of the two models.
    Print ISSN: 1619-4500
    Electronic ISSN: 1614-2411
    Topics: Mathematics
    Published by Springer
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