Angiotensin II Isoproterenol
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The responsiveness of spontaneously active neurons in the subfornical organ (SFO) of adult ducks to angiotensin II (ANGII), norepinephrine (NE), isoproterenol (Iso, β-agonist), phenylephrine (Phe, α 1-agonist) and clonidine (Clo, α 2-agonist) was investigated in brain slices with extracellular recording technique. 64% (n=90) of the neurons increased their activity after superfusion with ANGII, the rest were unresponsive. Application of NE activated 10 and inhibited 8 neurons (n=22); the excitation being correlated with an excitatory ANGII responsiveness of the same neurons and the inhibition with the absence of an ANGII responsiveness. Iso activated 74% (n=58) and Clo inhibited 88% (n=16) of the investigated neurons. Phe did not have an effect on the majority (60%) of the neurons and produced both excitatory and inhibitory actions on the remaining cells. These results offer a plausible explanation for the dose dependent dipsogenic effect of Iso and the failure of NE to elicit dose dependent drinking, which can be explained by its dual, excitatory and inhibitory effect on SFO neurons. It is further concluded, that peripherally applied Iso exerts its dipsogenic action in high concentration by a direct excitatory effect on SFO neurons via the open blood brain barrier. Under physiological conditions, afferent neuronal input of still unknown origin might specifically modulate the activity of SFO neurons, because plasma concentrations of NE are probably not high enough to activate SFO neurons from the blood side of the blood brain barrier.
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