Water science and technology library
Description / Table of Contents:
Contents: Introduction. 2. The water cycle 2.1 Distribution of water on earth 2.2 The Continental Water Cycle 2.2.1 Components of the Water CycleRainfall and hydrological characteristics of different climate zones 2.3 The vadose zone and its water balance for different climate zones 2.4 Rechargeable and "fossil" groundwater and water exploitation 2.5 The place of recharge in the water cycle 3. Mechanisms and processes of recharge 3.1 The input: precipitation and snow melt 3.2 Wet and dry deposition at the interface atmosphere/lithosphere/biosphere 3.3 Overland-flow and infiltration 3.4 Matrix-flow and preferential-flow 3.5 Inter-flow 3.6 River-infiltration. 3.7 Artificial recharge 3.8 Water vapour fluxes in the subsurface 4. Research tools and methods in the study of recharge 4.1 Water balance estimates 4.1.1 Estimate of evapo-transpiration 4.1.2 Hydrograph methods 4.2 Lysimeter studies 4.3 Hydraulic methods 4.4 Isotope and chemical tracers 4.4.1 Stable isotopes and dating methodologies 4.5 Water sampling and sample conservation 4.6 Comparison between tracers and conventional techniques 5. Recharge under different climate regimes and their chemical and isotope signatures 5.1 Humid tropical climates 5.2 Humid temperate climates 5.2.1 Conceptual models 5.2.2 Water balance and separation of discharge components 5.2.3 Chemistry of groundwater recharge 5.3 Semi-arid climates 5.4 Arid climates 5.5 Cold climates 6. Mans impact on the groundwater recharge 6.1 Land use changes: agricultural activities and urbanization 6.2 Return waters from irrigated areas, industrial activities and urban areas 6.3 Salinization and pollution 6.4 Imported waters 6.5 Global changes on the water cycle
Type of Medium:
Monograph available for loan
xi, 241 S.
Water science and technology library 55