Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A modified cluster approach for modeling local chemisorption phenomena is suggested on the basis of the linear combination of Gaussian-type orbitals (LCGTO) Xα method. Contractions of the fitting bases are employed to take into account the reduced polarizability of a surface cluster and to access larger cluster sizes. Furthermore, embedding of a cluster in the surface is mimicked by Gaussian broadening of the one-electron levels leading to fractional occupation numbers via a self-consistently determined Fermi energy of the cluster. As a first application results are presented for the clusters NinNa (n = 5, 9, 17) modeling the low coverage limit of the chemisorption system Ni(100)/Na. Calculated bond length, binding energy, and induced “surface” dipole moment show fair agreement with experimental values, indicating a substantial covalent character of alkali bonding on transition metal surfaces even in the zero coverage limit.
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