Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Scattering experiments are often not performed with the ideal set-up consisting of a monochromatic beam and target particles at rest. This is, for instance, never the case in molecular beam scattering, which is of primary interest in this paper. Two arrangements are normally employed, one consisting of a gas chamber as target (case a), the other of a crossed beam, generally at right angles to the incoming beam (case b). In both cases the scattering particles have a Maxwellian velocity distribution. This means that in any such experiment an “effective cross section” is measured, which is an integral over cross sections for different collision velocities. Other similar integrals are needed, if one works with polarized beams and takes into account the fact that the cross section is angular dependent. A third type of integral is required, when the primary beam is not monochromatized, and one has to average over its velocity distribution too. The functions needed to interpret scattering experiments of all the types mentioned are given in this paper, as well as a table of values for the 24 most important of these functions.
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