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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2015-12-09
    Description: Functional overexpression of polytopic membrane proteins, particularly when in a foreign host, is often a challenging task. Factors that negatively affect such processes are poorly understood. Using the mammalian membrane protein vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKORc1) as a reporter, we describe a genetic selection approach allowing the isolation of Escherichia...
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-04-01
    Description: The cullin-RING ubiquitin E3 ligase (CRL) family comprises over 200 members in humans. The COP9 signalosome complex (CSN) regulates CRLs by removing their ubiquitin-like activator NEDD8. The CUL4A-RBX1-DDB1-DDB2 complex (CRL4A(DDB2)) monitors the genome for ultraviolet-light-induced DNA damage. CRL4A(DBB2) is inactive in the absence of damaged DNA and requires CSN to regulate the repair process. The structural basis of CSN binding to CRL4A(DDB2) and the principles of CSN activation are poorly understood. Here we present cryo-electron microscopy structures for CSN in complex with neddylated CRL4A ligases to 6.4 A resolution. The CSN conformers defined by cryo-electron microscopy and a novel apo-CSN crystal structure indicate an induced-fit mechanism that drives CSN activation by neddylated CRLs. We find that CSN and a substrate cannot bind simultaneously to CRL4A, favouring a deneddylated, inactive state for substrate-free CRL4 complexes. These architectural and regulatory principles appear conserved across CRL families, allowing global regulation by CSN.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cavadini, Simone -- Fischer, Eric S -- Bunker, Richard D -- Potenza, Alessandro -- Lingaraju, Gondichatnahalli M -- Goldie, Kenneth N -- Mohamed, Weaam I -- Faty, Mahamadou -- Petzold, Georg -- Beckwith, Rohan E J -- Tichkule, Ritesh B -- Hassiepen, Ulrich -- Abdulrahman, Wassim -- Pantelic, Radosav S -- Matsumoto, Syota -- Sugasawa, Kaoru -- Stahlberg, Henning -- Thoma, Nicolas H -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 31;531(7596):598-603. doi: 10.1038/nature17416.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, 4058 Basel, Switzerland. ; University of Basel, Petersplatz 10, 4003 Basel, Switzerland. ; Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, LC-4312, 360 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. ; Center for Cellular Imaging and NanoAnalytics, Biozentrum, University of Basel, 4058 Basel, Switzerland. ; Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 250 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA. ; Novartis Pharma AG, Institutes for Biomedical Research, Novartis Campus, 4056 Basel, Switzerland. ; Gatan R&D, 5974 W. Las Positas Boulevard, Pleasanton, California 94588, USA. ; Biosignal Research Center, Organization of Advanced Science and Technology, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan. ; Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27029275" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Allosteric Regulation ; Apoproteins/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Binding Sites ; *Biocatalysis ; Carrier Proteins/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Cryoelectron Microscopy ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Cullin Proteins/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure ; DNA Damage ; DNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Humans ; Kinetics ; Models, Molecular ; Multiprotein Complexes/chemistry/*metabolism/*ultrastructure ; Peptide Hydrolases/chemistry/*metabolism/*ultrastructure ; Protein Binding ; Ubiquitination ; Ubiquitins/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2014-07-22
    Description: In the 1950s, the drug thalidomide, administered as a sedative to pregnant women, led to the birth of thousands of children with multiple defects. Despite the teratogenicity of thalidomide and its derivatives lenalidomide and pomalidomide, these immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) recently emerged as effective treatments for multiple myeloma and 5q-deletion-associated dysplasia. IMiDs target the E3 ubiquitin ligase CUL4-RBX1-DDB1-CRBN (known as CRL4(CRBN)) and promote the ubiquitination of the IKAROS family transcription factors IKZF1 and IKZF3 by CRL4(CRBN). Here we present crystal structures of the DDB1-CRBN complex bound to thalidomide, lenalidomide and pomalidomide. The structure establishes that CRBN is a substrate receptor within CRL4(CRBN) and enantioselectively binds IMiDs. Using an unbiased screen, we identified the homeobox transcription factor MEIS2 as an endogenous substrate of CRL4(CRBN). Our studies suggest that IMiDs block endogenous substrates (MEIS2) from binding to CRL4(CRBN) while the ligase complex is recruiting IKZF1 or IKZF3 for degradation. This dual activity implies that small molecules can modulate an E3 ubiquitin ligase and thereby upregulate or downregulate the ubiquitination of proteins.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4423819/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4423819/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Fischer, Eric S -- Bohm, Kerstin -- Lydeard, John R -- Yang, Haidi -- Stadler, Michael B -- Cavadini, Simone -- Nagel, Jane -- Serluca, Fabrizio -- Acker, Vincent -- Lingaraju, Gondichatnahalli M -- Tichkule, Ritesh B -- Schebesta, Michael -- Forrester, William C -- Schirle, Markus -- Hassiepen, Ulrich -- Ottl, Johannes -- Hild, Marc -- Beckwith, Rohan E J -- Harper, J Wade -- Jenkins, Jeremy L -- Thoma, Nicolas H -- AG011085/AG/NIA NIH HHS/ -- R01 AG011085/AG/NIA NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2014 Aug 7;512(7512):49-53. doi: 10.1038/nature13527. Epub 2014 Jul 16.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland [2] University of Basel, Petersplatz 10, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland. ; Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 250 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA. ; 1] Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland [2] University of Basel, Petersplatz 10, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland [3] Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland. ; Novartis Pharma AG, Institutes for Biomedical Research, Novartis Campus, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25043012" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Crystallography, X-Ray ; DNA-Binding Proteins/agonists/antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism ; Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism ; Humans ; Models, Molecular ; Multiprotein Complexes/agonists/antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism ; Peptide Hydrolases/*chemistry/metabolism ; Protein Binding ; Structure-Activity Relationship ; Substrate Specificity ; Thalidomide/analogs & derivatives/*chemistry/metabolism ; Transcription Factors/metabolism ; Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/antagonists & inhibitors/*chemistry/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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