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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Current genetics 20 (1991), S. 91-97 
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Pythium ; Mitochondrial plasmid ; RNA transcript
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Four circular plasmids, with a monomer size ranging from 3.2 to 4.94 kb, have been identified in isolates of P. aphanidermatum (two different plasmids), P. torulosum, and an unidentified echinulate isolate. The mitochondrial location has been confirmed for three of the plasmids. Each fungal isolate contained a single plasmid, present in both monomeric and oligomeric forms; plasmid monomers were present as open circles and as supercoiled forms. Restriction maps of the plasmids were dissimilar. Hybridization studies using cloned plasmids revealed no DNA sequence similarity among the different plasmids or between the plasmids and the nuclear or mitochondrial genome of the isolates from which they were recovered. Hybridization of labeled plasmid DNA to Northern transfers of mitochondrial RNA for two isolates indicate that what appears to be the predominant RNA transcript is unit length in size. For three isolates, the plasmid was retained following subculturing and was present in all asexual and sexual single-spore progeny evaluated. For one isolate of P. aphanidermatum the plasmid was unstable and was lost during subculturing.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Current genetics 16 (1989), S. 373-374 
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Pythium sylvaticum ; Mitochondrial inheritance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Fifty single oospore progeny from crosses between opposite mating types of Pythium sylvaticum that contained polymorphisms in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) for HindIII restriction sites were analyzed for patterns of mitochondrial inheritance. All progeny retained the morphological form of the oogonial parental type; the antheridial form or recombinant forms of parental mtDNA were not detected. With the techniques used, other forms of mtDNA would have been detected it they had comprised 8% or more of the mitochondrial population.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Current genetics 28 (1995), S. 225-234 
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Pythium ; Linear mitochondrial DNA ; Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis ; ATPase9 ; mtDNA replication
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of isolates of Pythium oligandrum with linear mitochondrial genomes revealed a distinct band in ethidium bromide-stained gels similar in size to values estimated by restriction mapping of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Southern analysis confirmed that these bands were mtDNA and indicated that linear genomes were present in unit-length size as well as multimers. Isolates of this species with circular mtDNA restriction maps also had low levels of linear mono- and multimers. visualized by Southern analysis of PFGE gels. Examination of 17 additional species revealed similar results; three species had distinct linear mtDNA bands in ethidium bromide-stained gels while the remainder had linear mono- and multi-mers in lower amounts detected only by Southern analysis. Sequence analysis of an isolate of P. oligandrum with a primarily circular mitochondrial genomic map and a low amount of linear molecules revealed that the small unique region of the circular map (which corresponded to the terminal region of linear genomes) was flanked by palindromic intrastrand complementary sequences separated by a unique 194-bp sequence. Sequences with similarity to ATPase9 coding regions from other organisms were located adjacent to this region. Sequences with similarity to mitochondrial origins of replication and autonomously replicating sequences were also located in this region: their potential involvement in the generation of linear molecules is discussed.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0066-4286
    Source: Annual Reviews Electronic Back Volume Collection 1932-2001ff
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Biology
    Notes: The current standard treatment for management of soilborne pests in some high-value crop production systems is preplant fumigation with mixtures of methyl bromide and chloropicrin. With the impending phase-out of methyl bromide, the agricultural industries that rely on soil fumigation face the need for development of alternative pest management strategies. To maintain farm productivity, immediate term research has focused on evaluation of alternative fumigants, modification of current crop production practices to accommodate their use, and improvement of application technologies to reduce the environmental effects of fumigant applications. Longer-term research goals have focused on developing a more integrated approach for pest management that incorporates the use of cultural practices to reduce pathogen pressure, host resistance to disease, and biological approaches for stimulating plant growth and control of root diseases.
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