Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
It has been shown that the resistance of certain polyethylene sulfides to thermal degradation can be markedly improved by the addition of small amounts of metal dithiocarbamates, thioureas, or diphenyl acetylene together with a suitable carbodiimide. The extent of degradation, as indicated by the concurrent changes in polymer melt viscosity in the temperature range 220°-250°C, was dramatically reduced, in particular, by a stabilizer comprised of 4% hexamethylenebis(tert-butyl)carbodiimide and 2% diphenylacetylene. At 250°C polyethylene sulfide (Dabco initiated) was stable in the melt viscometer for a period of 8-10 min and the resulting extrudate showed little sign of discoloration. The detailed mechanism of stabilizer action cannot be put forward at this stage because of uncertainty regarding the mode of polymer degradation which could occur by radical or ionic processes.
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