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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-5036
    Keywords: Bradyrhizobium japonicum ; ecology ; N2-fixation ; nodulation ; rice ; soybean
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Abstract The effect of rice culture on changes in the number of a strain of soybean root-nodule bacteria, (Bradyrhizobium japonicum CB1809), already established in the soil by growing inoculated soybean crops, was investigated in transitional red-brown earth soils at two sites in south-western New South Wales. At the first site, 5.5 years elapsed between the harvest of the last of four successive crops of soybean and the sowing of the next. In this period three crops of rice and one crop of triticale were sown and in the intervals between these crops, and after the crop of triticale, the land was fallowed. Before sowing the first rice crop, the number of Bradyrhizobium japonicum was 1.32×105 g−1 soil. The respective numbers of bradyrhizobia after the first, second and third rice crops were 4.52 ×104, 1.26×104 and 6.40×102 g−1 soil. In the following two years the population remained constant. Thus sufficient bradyrhizobia survived in soil to nodulate and allow N2-fixation by the succeeding soybean crop. At the second site, numbers of bradyrhizobia declined during a rice crop, but the decline was less than when the soil was fallowed (400-fold cf. 2200-fold). Multiplication of bradyrhizobia was rapid in the rhizosphere of soybean seedlings sown without inoculation in the rice bays. At 16 days after sowing, their numbers were not significantly different (p〈0.05) from those in plots where rice had not been sown. Nodulation of soybeans was greatest in plots where rice had not been grown, but yield and grain nitrogen were not significantly different (p〈0.05). Our results indicate that flooding soil has a deleterious effect on the survival of bradyrhizobia but, under the conditions of the experiments, sufficient B. japonicum strain CB 1809 survived to provide good nodulation after three crops of rice covering a total period of 5.5 years between crops of soybean.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-6865
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The ability to localize intracellular macromoleculesin situ by high resolution techniques has been made possible by the development of antibody labelling of thin sections obtained either from tissues embedded in an hydrophilic matrix, or by ultracryotomy or from conventional plastic embedded tissue. When particle-tagged immunological reagents are used to visualize intracellular antigens, quantitative information can be obtained by combining particle counts with morphometric estimations of compartment volume. Various detection systems have been used successfully for quantitation, which include ferritin-conjugated antibodies, biotin-avidin-ferritin complexes and, more recently, gold-protein A conjugates. Examples of the use of these techniques the localization of secretory proteins in pancreatic exocrine cells, opsin and a large membrane protein in photoreceptor cells of frog retina, and contractile proteins in skeletal muscle are given. Quantitative data obtained by morphometric analysis, both in bovine and rat pancreatic exocrine cells, are compared with values assessed by biochemical methods.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Palo Alto, Calif. : Annual Reviews
    Annual Review of Entomology 25 (1980), S. 161-187 
    ISSN: 0066-4170
    Source: Annual Reviews Electronic Back Volume Collection 1932-2001ff
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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