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  • Springer  (327)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1741-0444
    Keywords: Autozeroing ; Barometric method ; Electronic circuit ; Instrumentation ; Plethysmography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract An electronic circuit is described which automatically rezeroes a physiologic signal whenever it reaches the limit of a display. This modified signal can be used for polygraph monitoring while the raw signal is processed by a wide-range high-resolution a.d. convertor. The device is currently used in conjunction with the barometric method for measuring tidal volume, but should find general use in plethysmography.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-136X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary When the active sodium-potassium pump (Na−K-ATPase) of shark rectal glands is blocked by ouabain, the concentration of intracellular ions changes in the direction of equilibrium with extracellular fluid. These changes were examined when isolated perfused glands were in the basal state and also when they were stimulated to secrete with cAMP and theophylline, to see whether stimulation affected the passive movement of sodium, potassium and chloride across cell membranes. In basal glands 10−4M ouabain induced an increase of 30 meq/l in intracellular [Na+] and a decrease in intracellular [K+] of about 50 meq/l after 30 min, while intracellular [Cl−] was unchanged. In stimulated glands, these movements were exaggerated. The increase in intracellular [Na+] averaged 112 meq/l, and the decrease in intracellular [K+], 96 meq/l (P〈0.01), while mean intracellular [Cl−] rose by 80 meq/l. Furosemide, 10−4M, partially reversed the accelerated changes in intracellular electrolytes seen after ouabain was added to stimulated glands. These results are consistent with an action of cAMP upon a ouabaininsensitive cotransport of sodium, potassium and chloride in the rectal gland, analogous to that described in avian erythrocytes.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-2614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Computer Science , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Trisomy 21 human fibroblasts are more sensitive to human interferon-α (IFN-α) than are diploid controls, consistent with the location of the gene (IFRC) which codes for the IFN-α receptor on chromosome 21. When compared in the antiviral assay, the difference in sensitivity is five-to tenfold, much greater then the 50% difference in IFRC gene dosage. An understanding of the mechanism by which this amplification of gene dosage occurs is relevant to the specific pathology of Down's syndrome and as a model system for studying the pathogenic effects of chromosomal aneuploidy. The enzyme (2′–5′) oligoisoadenylate synthetase (2–5A synthetase), which is believed to be central to the interferon-induced antiviral response, is induced 50% more in trisomy 21 fibroblasts than in diploid controls. Thus the amplification in response occurs subsequent to the binding of IFN-α to its receptor and the triggering of the first set of intracellular events, the latter exemplified by the induction of 2–5A synthetase. Similar results were obtained with IFN-γ, consistent with other evidence which indicates that a gene coding for a separate IFN-γ receptor is also located on chromosome 21.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1424
    Keywords: shark rectal gland ; ouabain binding ; (Na, K)-ATPase ; cyclic AMP ; slices ; isolated cells
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary In an attempt to examine the mechanisms of activation of (Na, K)-ATPase when epithelial transport is stimulated, the binding of ouabain to rectal gland tissue was measured before and after stimulation with dibutyryl cAMP and theophylline. Stimulation significantly altered the characteristics of ouabain binding to slices ofSqualus acanthias rectal gland and to isolated rectal gland cells, accelerating the rate of binding and increasing the amount of ouabain bound at equilibrium when low concentrations of ouabain (10−9 to 10−7 m) were present in the medium. Scatchard plots of ouabain binding were nonlinear, suggesting at least two classes of binding sites, one of higher and one of lower affinity. Stimulation with cAMP and theophylline appeared to increase the affinity of the high-affinity site. Ouabain binding was increased by cAMP and theophylline even in the presence of furosemide (10−4 m) or bumetanide (10−5 m), and when Li+ was substituted for Na+, or NO 3 − for Cl−-maneuvers known to inhibit rectal gland secretion. The changes in ouabain binding induced by cAMP and theophylline do not appear, therefore, to be secondary to secretory activity but may reflect a change in the configuration, environment or location of existing enzyme so as to enhance its activity. Stimulation of ouabain binding cannot be demonstrated in whole homogenates of rectal gland, indicating that intact cells are necessary for the cyclic AMP-induced increase in ouabain binding to become manifest.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-9139
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Conclusions An analysis of the effect of thermal flux on the refractory products subjected to non-stationary heating or cooling, identification of the regions and the surfaces of the products liable to the maximum thermal stresses, and elimination of the thermal stresses by decreasing the linear dimensions in the section located perpendicular to the thermal flux make it possible to improve the service life of the products without changing the technological parameters during their production.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Acta mathematica 164 (1990), S. 29-71 
    ISSN: 1871-2509
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Epidermis ; Blister injury ; Lectin histochemistry ; Cell-surface ; Glycoconjugates ; Oligosaccharides ; Man
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Damage and repair of cell-surface glycoconjugates were examined in human palmar skin following friction-blister injury, using biotinylated lectins and the avidinbiotin complex method. In normal skin, concanavalin A, Ricinus communis, and Triticum vulgaris bound to the surface of cells from the basal layer to the granular layer. After injury, binding of concanavalin A was absent in the plasma membrane, but appeared in the cytoplasm at perinuclear sites. The surface reaction was recovered in basal and spinous cells, but not in granular cells, when cell maturation began at 5 days after injury. In contrast, binding of Ricinus communis and Triticum vulgaris was, in general, much more resistant to tissue damage. Even in some cells, where the surface staining became obscure at an early period, a normal staining pattern reappeared by 6 h after injury. Staining of Ulex europeus I and Glycine max, detected on the surface of upper spinous and granular cells in normal skin, disappeared immediately after the injury, but recovered quickly on the surfaces of the differentiated cells. These findings suggest that at least 2 oligosaccharide sequences, one binding with concanavalin A, and the other with Ricinus communis and Triticum vulgaris, may exist on epidermal cells. Addition of terminal carbohydrates, detectable with binding of Ulex europeus I and Glycine max, appears to occur on the Ricinus communis I and Triticum vulgaris-bound oligosaccharide chain.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Cysteine protease ; Epidermal cells ; Antigen localization ; Cell differentiation ; Antigen distribution ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Monospecific antibody directed to cysteine protease of 2-day-old rat epidermis recently characterized as being different from the proteases previously reported was produced in rabbits. By immunofluorescence microscopy and immunoperoxidase staining with an avidin-biotin-peroxidase method the protease was found to be present in the epidermis of rodents of different ages as well as that of humans, but not in the dermis. The staining in germinative cells was more intense than in cells in the superficial layers. It appeared as irregular patches in the nuclei and stained more diffusely in the cytoplasm where small granular components, strongly stained, were identified. The staining patterns in granular cells showed accumulation of the antigen in a granular form. The morphology and distribution of granules resembled those of keratohyalin-like granules in the nucleus and dense homogenous deposits in the cytoplasm. In cornified cells the reaction product was localized by the plasma membrane where concentration of the dense homogenous deposits occurred, suggesting that the cysteine protease is one component of the unique and characteristic structure of differentiated keratinocytes. In addition, the cysteine protease antigen having the same molecular weight as the epidermal enzyme was detected in liver, kidney and lung indicating a wider tissue distribution of the protease. The significance of the protease in regulation of cellular functions remains to be investigated.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-9171
    Keywords: hydrogen bond ; pentamethylcyclopentadienyl dicarbonylrhodium and-iridium
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The interaction of Cp*M(CO)2 (M=Ir or Rh) with CF3COOH in low polar media results in partial protonation of these compounds giving molecular (M...HO) and ionic (MH+...O−) hydrogen-bonded complexes. According to IR spectral data, a decrease in temperature results in a shift of the equilibrium toward the ionic forms. These compounds react with phenol to give molecular complexes only.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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