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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Current genetics 28 (1995), S. 225-234 
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Pythium ; Linear mitochondrial DNA ; Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis ; ATPase9 ; mtDNA replication
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of isolates of Pythium oligandrum with linear mitochondrial genomes revealed a distinct band in ethidium bromide-stained gels similar in size to values estimated by restriction mapping of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Southern analysis confirmed that these bands were mtDNA and indicated that linear genomes were present in unit-length size as well as multimers. Isolates of this species with circular mtDNA restriction maps also had low levels of linear mono- and multimers. visualized by Southern analysis of PFGE gels. Examination of 17 additional species revealed similar results; three species had distinct linear mtDNA bands in ethidium bromide-stained gels while the remainder had linear mono- and multi-mers in lower amounts detected only by Southern analysis. Sequence analysis of an isolate of P. oligandrum with a primarily circular mitochondrial genomic map and a low amount of linear molecules revealed that the small unique region of the circular map (which corresponded to the terminal region of linear genomes) was flanked by palindromic intrastrand complementary sequences separated by a unique 194-bp sequence. Sequences with similarity to ATPase9 coding regions from other organisms were located adjacent to this region. Sequences with similarity to mitochondrial origins of replication and autonomously replicating sequences were also located in this region: their potential involvement in the generation of linear molecules is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    The @China quarterly 144 (1995), S. 1220-1221 
    ISSN: 0305-7410
    Source: Cambridge Journals Digital Archives
    Topics: Linguistics and Literary Studies , History , Political Science , Sociology , Economics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0016-7835
    Keywords: Key words Manganese nodules ; Thorium dating ; Uranium isotopes ; Peru basin ; TIMS
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract  Thorium- and uranium isotopes were measured in a diagenetic manganese nodule from the Peru basin applying alpha- and thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS). Alpha-counting of 62 samples was carried out with a depth resolution of 0.4 mm to gain a high-resolution 230Thexcess profile. In addition, 17 samples were measured with TIMS to obtain precise isotope concentrations and isotope ratios. We got values of 0.06–0.59 ppb (230Th), 0.43-1.40 ppm (232Th), 0.09–0.49 ppb (234U) and 1.66–8.24 ppm (238U). The uranium activity ratio in the uppermost samples (1–6 mm) and in two further sections in the nodule at 12.5±1.0 mm and 27.3–33.5 mm comes close to the present ocean water value of 1.144±0.004. In two other sections of the nodule, this ratio is significantly higher, probably reflecting incorporation of diagenetic uranium. The upper 25 mm section of the Mn nodule shows a relatively smooth exponential decrease in the 230Thexcess concentration (TIMS). The slope of the best fit yields a growth rate of 110 mm/Ma up to 24.5 mm depth. The section from 25 to 30.3 mm depth shows constant 230Thexcess concentrations probably due to growth rates even faster than those in the top section of the nodule. From 33 to 50 mm depth, the growth rate is approximately 60 mm/Ma. Two layers in the nodule with distinct laminations (11–15 and 28–33 mm depth) probably formed during the transition from isotopic stage 8 to 7 and in stage 5e, respectively. The Mn/Fe ratio shows higher values during interglacials 5 and 7, and lower ones during glacials 4 and 6. A comparison of our data with data from adjacent sediment cores suggests (a) a variable supply of hydrothermal Mn to sediments and Mn nodules of the Peru basin or (b) suboxic conditions at the water sediment interface during periods with lower Mn/Fe ratios.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Macmillan Magazines Ltd.
    Nature 392 (1998), S. 347-348 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] We propose a new method for computing the ratio of the isotopes carbon-14 to carbon-12 in deep water from the past, and for testing the results derived from the normal method of age difference between benthic and planktic foraminifera in deep-sea sediments. Our method involves measuring ...
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1520-4804
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Elsevier
    In:  Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 149 . pp. 353-360.
    Publication Date: 2017-02-13
    Description: Here we present the first high precision 231Protactinium measurements in a manganese crust applying thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) using the double filament technique. The detection limit using TIMS is at least one order of magnitude lower, the statistical uncertainty 6–8 times better than for α-spectrometry. Thus, older sections of manganese crust VA13/2 from the Northern Equatorial Pacific could be measured precisely for their 231Pa activity. Our results reveal significant variations in 231Paxs activity for the last 150 ka which corroborate existing α-spectrometric data. If the growth rate was constant between 0 and 450 ka, the protactinium flux from the water column into manganese encrustations must have been variable. Thus, 231Paxs is not suitable for dating marine Mn/Fe deposits.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Vibration–rotation–tunneling (VRT) spectroscopy has been extended to the 4 THz spectral region through the observation of a second intermolecular vibration of (D2O)4. Analysis of the precisely measured perpendicular transition confirms the previously reported cyclic homodromic structure and reveals a dramatically increased (30×) hydrogen bond rearrangement rate in the excited state. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    The @China quarterly 148 (1996), S. 1388-1389 
    ISSN: 0305-7410
    Source: Cambridge Journals Digital Archives
    Topics: Linguistics and Literary Studies , History , Political Science , Sociology , Economics
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1574-6941
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract: The possibilities of mobilizing recombinant DNA (rDNA) by strains from activated sludge have been studied. A mixture of ten bacterial strains isolated from activated sludge was grown on a support in a continuously fed fixed-bed reactor or in suspension in a sequenced-batch reactor with biomass recycling. After reaching steady state, the bacteria in both types of reactors were used as the recipient population for evaluating the dissemination of the non-conjugative and non-mobilizable recombinant plasmid pCE328. The dissemination of this plasmid, derived from pBR328 (tra−, mob−, oriT−), was studied in comparison with that of pCE325 (pBR325 derivative tra−, mob−, oriT+), and that of the natural broad host range conjugative plasmid R388 (IncW). Initially the mobilization properties of pBR type recombinant plasmids between two strains of Escherichia coli were determined in the fixed-bed reactor. Only the mobilization of the recombinant plasmid bearing a transfer origin (pCE325) was observed. The survival of E. coli strains bearing either the non-transferable plasmid pCE328 or the conjugative plasmid R388 and added to the activated sludge reactors was measured in the effluent of both types of reactors. In the fixed-bed reactor effluent, the donor populations remained stable after three days of operation and reached 103 to 105 colony forming units (cfu) ml−1, whereas they decreased in the sequenced-batch reactors: donors bearing the pCE328 plasmid decreased by 2 log units in 20 days, whereas those bearing the R388 plasmid decreased by less than 1 log unit. Mobilization of the pCE328 plasmid could not be detected in any case. Transfer of the conjugative plasmid R388, used as a positive propagation control, was detected in strains arising from activated sludge in both types of reactors. Nevertheless, establishment of transconjugants was observed only in the fixed biomass at the rate of 10−7 transconjugants per recipient.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Macmillan Magazines Ltd.
    Nature 394 (1998), S. 415-416 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] ...As a result of the reduction of their nuclear arsenals following the end of the Cold War, the United States and Russia have each declared almost half of the plutonium they produced for weapons. The United States has started a $2 billion programme to dispose of 50 tonnes of this excess plutonium, ...
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