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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2250
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract: We investigate the stability of a barotropic vorticity monopole whose stream function is a Gaussian function of the radial coordinate. The model is based on the inviscid Boussinesq equations. The vortex is assumed to exist on an $f$-plane, in an environment with constant, stable density stratification. In the unstratified, nonrotating case, we find growth rates that increase monotonically with increasing vertical wave number, the so-called “ultraviolet catastrophe” characteristic of symmetric instability. This type of instability leads to rapid turbulent collapse of the vortex, possibly accompanied by wave radiation. In the limit of strong background stratification and rotation, the vortex exhibits a scale-selective instability which leads to the formation of stable lenses. The transition between these two regimes is sharp, and coincides approximately with the centrifugal stability boundary.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9991
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Computer Science , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2017-07-20
    Description: Many models of the large-scale thermohaline circulation in the ocean exhibit strong zonally integrated upwelling in the midlatitude North Atlantic that significantly decreases the amount of deep water that is carried from the formation regions in the subpolar North Atlantic toward low latitudes and across the equator. In an analysis of results from the Community Modeling Effort using a suite of models with different horizontal resolution, wind and thermohaline forcing, and mixing parameters, it is shown that the upwelling is always concentrated in the western boundary layer between roughly 30° and 40°N. The vertical transport across 1000 m appears to be controlled by local dynamics and strongly depends on the horizontal resolution and mixing parameters of the model. It is suggested that in models with a realistic deep-water formation rate in the subpolar North Atlantic, the excessive upwelling can be considered as the prime reason for the typically too low meridional overturning rates and northward heat transports in the subtropical North Atlantic. A new isopycnal advection and mixing parameterization of tracer transports by mesoscale eddies yield substantial improvements in these integral measures of the circulation.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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