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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Scientia Horticulturae 45 (1990), S. 37-48 
    ISSN: 0304-4238
    Keywords: Abelmoschus esculentus ; allometric relationships ; growth analysis ; okra ; plant density ; yield
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1130
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract A new method has been developed for the quantification of 2-hydroxyethylated cysteine resulting as adduct in blood proteins after human exposure to ethylene oxide, by reversed-phase HPLC with fluorometric detection. The specific adduct is analysed in albumin and in globin. After isolation of albumin and globin from blood, acid hydrolysis of the protein and precolumn derivatisation of the digest with 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonylchloride, the levels of derivatised S-hydroxyethylcysteine are analysed by RP-HPLC and fluorescence detection, with a detection limit of 8 nmol/g protein. Background levels of S-hydroxyethylcysteine were quantified in both albumin and globin, under special consideration of the glutathione transferase GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms. GSTT1 polymorphism had a marked influence on the physiological background alkylation of cysteine. While S-hydroxyethylcysteine levels in “non-conjugators” were between 15 and 50 nmol/g albumin, “low conjugators” displayed levels between 8 and 21 nmol/g albumin, and “high conjugators” did not show levels above the detection limit. The human GSTM1 polymorphism had no apparent effect on background levels of blood protein 2-hydroxyethylation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Theoretical and applied genetics 59 (1981), S. 230-230 
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1423-0127
    Keywords: Hepatitis B surface protein ; Genomic variability ; Escape mutation ; Liver transplantation ; Hepatitis B virus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Variations in the major surface proteins (HBsAg) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been implicated in the high rate of reinfection in HBV-infected recipients of orthotopic liver transplantations (OLT). Sera from 6 OLT patients positive for HBsAg and from 3 recipients negative for it prior to transplantation were analyzed over several years, and 39 HBsAg sequences were compared. Despite anti-HBs immunoprophylaxis resulting in the disappearance of HBsAg, HBV DNA was detectable by a sensitive nested PCR in almost all sera. In 1 patient, a significant temporary shift in HBV subtypes was observed, indicating a mixed infection or the presence of multiple HBV populations in this patient; this was also true for other patients. Amino acid substitutions compared to wild-type HBV subtypes in 7 patients and variations within patients in 5 patients were detectable over time; the ‘escape mutation’ at amino acid position 145 was detected in 2 patients. Our data suggest that the high rate of reinfection in OLT recipients seems not to be associated with specific sequence variations in the major HBs gene, but shows a remarkable inter- and intraindividual variability. Obviously, no correlation between heterogeneity in this gene and clinical outcome was present.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1423-0445
    Keywords: Key words. defense allocation — hydroxamic acids — leaf age — optimal defense theory — rye —Secale cereale— Poaceae
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary. The among-leaves allocation of DIBOA, a hydroxamic acid associated with plant resistance, in the shoot of rye (Secale cereale) was evaluated over the vegetative development of the plant. The appropriateness of using the concentration of secondary metabolites, DIBOA in this case, as the parameter to evaluate defense allocation in plants is discussed. Both biological and statistical arguments are put forward to suggest that allocation of chemical defenses should refer to absolute content and not to concentration. Results showed that leaf age was significantly linked to leaf concentration of DIBOA, young leaves having higher concentrations. In contrast, leaf content of DIBOA, our proposed currency of allocation, was not significantly higher in younger leaves. Furthermore, a regression analysis showed that the DIBOA content of leaves was better explained by the leaf relative biomass (proportion of shoot biomass) than by leaf biomass itself. It is suggested that, rather than leaf age, leaf relative biomass is the major factor determining DIBOA allocation in rye shoots. It is proposed that studies addressing within-plant defense allocation should use chemical defense content as the currency, emphasizing the major factors driving this process and its underlying mechanisms. Likewise, it is proposed that studies aiming at characterizing optimal patterns of plant defense should use chemical defense concentration as the currency, and be accompanied by evaluations of the actual resistance against herbivores of the plant parts analyzed, together with the effect on plant fitness.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1423-0445
    Keywords: Key words. defense - induced defense - herbivory - aphids - Rhopalosiphum padi - wild wheat - Triticum uniaristatum - Poaceae - hydroxamic acids - costs of defense
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary. We characterized the induction of hydroxamic acids (Hx) by aphid infestation in the wild wheat Triticum uniaristatum by addressing the following questions: i) Do different leaves have similar responses to aphid damage?, ii) Is the Hx induction localized or systemic?, iii) How long does the induction last?, and iv) Is the degree of damage related to the magnitude of induced Hx? Based on earlier results on this wheat/aphid system (lack of costs of Hx induction) we expected to find the plant exhibiting cost-saving patterns of response to herbivory. Aphid infestation in the primary leaf led to induced levels of Hx, but no differences in Hx levels were found after infestation of the secondary leaf. Induction of Hx was restricted to the infested leaf (primary leaf). Induced Hx levels exhibited by the primary leaf at the end of aphid infestation were not observed 2 days later. Finally, different aphid densities (between 10 and 40 aphids per leaf) did not produce significant differences in Hx levels in infested primary leaves. Characteristics of Hx induction by aphid infestation in T. uniaristatum partially support the expected cost-saving patterns in the allocation of induced defenses.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1439-0523
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: In Africa, average sweetpotato storage root yields are low and breeding is considered to be an important factor in increasing production. The objectives of this study were to obtain variance component estimations for sweetpotato in this region of the world and then use these to determine the efficiency of variety trials and breeding systems. From an incomplete series of variety trials in Kenya and Uganda (comprising 15 genotypes, three locations, two crop durations and three seasons) variance components were estimated - using the REML method - for the following traits: storage root yield, biomass production, harvest index, storage root dry matter and the Elston index which was used to aggregate all four traits. The storage root yield of clones across all 12 environments ranged from 15.2 to 33.0 t/ha. The variance components were significant for all traits, except the genotype by season interactions for storage root dry matter. The efficiency of selection systems was determined for total test capacities of 450 and 900 plots and using not more than five locations. Two-stage selection was 17-81% more efficient than one-stage selection after two seasons of testing. Two-stage selection was optimized under the restriction of using at least two locations at step 1. Trials with two locations and one replication at step 1 and five locations and two replications at step 2 were appropriate both for selecting for storage root yield and for simultaneously selecting for storage root yield, biomass production, harvest index and storage root dry matter content by using the Elston index. There are indications that such an allocation of resources for breeding sweetpotato is also appropriate for other regions in Sub-Saharan Africa.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1439-0523
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Sixteen sweet potato varieties were evaluated for fresh storage root yield in 20 trials during 2000–2001 for three seasons in four locations in Uganda. Of the 16 varieties, 11 were developed by farmers and five by a central breeding programme. The behaviour of the varieties was quantified in terms of wide adaptation (genotypic mean across trials), specific adaptation (genotypic predictions for specific locations) and stability (Shukla stability variance). With respect to all three aspects of yield behaviour, farmer varieties performed on average better than the official varieties. The results illustrate the potential that farmer varieties can have in the improvement of sweet potato in Uganda and other regions where high diversity of sweet potato landraces exists.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    The European physical journal 351 (1995), S. 345-351 
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Keywords: 12.38.-t ; 12.38.Lg ; 14.65.-q
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The concept of QCD sum rules is extended to bound states composed of particles with finite mass such as scalar quarks or strange quarks. It turns out that mass corrections become important in this context. The number of relevant corrections is analyzed in a systematic discussion of the IR- and UV-divergencies, leading in general to a finite number of corrections. The results are demonstrated for a system of two massless quarks and two heavy scalar quarks.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Keywords: PACS:12.38.Lg Other nonperturbative calculations – 14.20.Dh Protons and neutrons – 13.85.Qk Inclusive production with identified leptons, photons, or other nonhadronic particles
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract: The product of an axialvector and a scalar current and its relation to the chiral-odd distribution function h 1 is discussed in the framework of the renormalon approach. Using a bag-model calculation for h 1, we calculate its intrinsic uncertainty due to renormalon poles. The result is given as a function of Bjorken-x as well as for the first moments separately.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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