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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Electrophoresis 19 (1998), S. 1891-1900 
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Calcium ; Dental enamel ; Microscale ; Ligand overlays ; Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Poor understanding of the molecular links between disturbed calcium regulation in cells and disease remains a problem of considerable biomedical importance. Dental enamel cells might provide useful insights to this problem since they handle calcium in bulk without suffering its cytotoxic effects. Two practical challenges hindered investigation of calcium handling mechanisms in enamel cells - paucity of molecular information and limited availability of sample from developing rat teeth, the experimental system of choice. This paper outlines the microscale proteomic approaches we applied to overcome these difficulties and reviews several major findings that ensued from initial characterization of the enamel cell proteome. Enamel cells are now established as a powerful model for fundamental calcium research and have provided outcomes of broad biological relevance, including the discovery of a new endoplasmic reticulum protein. Future proteomic approaches that might benefit understanding of function are discussed.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0827
    Keywords: calmodulin ; calcium ; mineralisation ; tooth germ
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Physics
    Notes: Summary Calmodulin, a calcium binding protein, has been implicated in the regulation of many calcium-dependent biological processes. Since calcium has an important role in hard tissue genesis, both at intra- and extracellular levels, we anticipate that calcium binding proteins may modulate this process. The present study investigated a mineralising tissue, the rat molar tooth germ, to determine the presence of calmodulin-like activity. A heat-treated cell-free extract of tooth germs provided enhancement of Ca2+-dependent Mg2+-ATPase and 3′:5′-nucleotide phosphodiesterase activity. No enhancement occurred in the absence of calcium or in the presence of trifluoperazine. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of this extract revealed a protein band of approximately 18,000 mol. wt. These findings indicate the presence of calmodulin-like activity in rat molar tooth germs and support the proposal that calcium and calcium binding proteins, in particular calmodulin, have a major regulatory role in the biology of mineralising tissues.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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