peptide-based taste ligands
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A dipeptide taste ligand L-aspartyl-D-2-aminobutyric acid-(S)-α-ethylbenzylamide was found to be about 2000 times more potent than sucrose. To investigate the molecular basis of its potent sweet taste, we carried out conformational analysis of this molecule and several related analogues by NMR spectroscopy, computer simulations and X-ray crystallographic studies. The results of the studies support our earlier model that an ‘L’-shape molecular array is essential for eliciting sweet taste. In addition, we have identified an aromatic group located between the stem and the base of the ‘L-shape’, which is responsible for enhancement of sweetness potency. In this study, we also assessed the optimal size of the essential hydrophobic group (X) and the effects of the chirality of the second residue toward taste. ©1997 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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