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  • 1990-1994  (34)
  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Pr.
    Associated volumes
    Call number: M 95.0470 ; 11/M 93.0961
    In: Cambridge topics in mineral physics and chemistry
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XXIII, 551 S. : graph. Darst.
    Edition: 2nd ed.
    ISBN: 0521430771
    Series Statement: Cambridge topics in mineral physics and chemistry 5
    Classification: A.3.6.
    Language: English
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-9540
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Determination of oxidation states and the crystal chemistry of iron-bearing minerals in carbonaceous chondrites by Mössbauer spectroscopy is complicated by thermally-induced electron-hopping in cronstedtite, superparamagnetism of hydrous ferric oxides and ill-defined contributions from an incommensurate layered iron sulfide phase believed to be tochilinite. Mössbauer spectra measurements at 30 K of several terrestrial cronstedtite and tochilinite specimens have enables modal proportions of these minerals, as well as Fe3+/Fe2+ ratios, to be determined quantitatively in a suite of CM-type meteorites.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1572-9540
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The variety of coordination numbers, symmetries, distortions and ligand environments in thermally-stable iron-bearing minerals provide wide ranges of chemical shift (δ) and quadrupole splitting (δ) parameters, which serve to characterize the crystal chemistries and site occupancies of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in minerals of terrestrial and extraterrestrial origins. Correlations between ferrous and ferric chemical shifts enable thermally-induced electron delocalization behavior in mixed-valence Fe2+-Fe3+ minerals to be identified, while chemical shift versus quadrupole splitting correlations serve to identify nanophase ferric oxides and oxyhydroxides in oxidized minerals and in meteorites subjected to aqueous oxidation before and after they arrived on Earth.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: Determinations of oxidation states and the crystal chemistry of iron-bearing minerals in CM meteorites by Moessbauer spectroscopy are complicated by thermally-induced electron hopping in cronstedtite and by ill-defined contributions from the hydrous iron sulphide phase believed to be tochilinite. Moessbauer spectral measurements at 30 K of several cronstedtite and tochilinite specimens have enabled modal proportions of these minerals, as well as Fe(3+)/Fe(2+) ratios, to be determined quantitatively for a suite of CM-type carbonaceous chondrites that included Murchison, Murray, Cold Bokkeveld, ALH 83100, and LEW 90500.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F; p 489-490
    Format: text
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Altitude-dependent, high radar-reflectivity surfaces on Venus are observed on most mountainous volcanic terranes above a planetary radius of about 6054 km. However, high radar-reflectivity areas also occur at lower altitudes in some impact craters and plain terranes. Pyrite (FeS2) is commonly believed to be responsible for the high radar reflectivities at high elevations on Venus, on account of large dielectric constants measured for sulfide-bearing rocks that were erroneously attributed to pyrite instead of pyrrhotite. Pentlandite-pyrrhotite assemblages may be responsible for high reflectivities associated with impact craters on the Venusian surface, by analogy with Fe-Ni sulfide deposits occurring in terrestrial astroblemes. Mixed-valence Fe(2+)-Fe(3+) silicates, including oxyhornblende, oxybiotite, and ilvaite, may contribute to high radar reflecting surfaces on mountain-tops of Venus.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F; p 233-234
    Format: text
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Salts believed to occur in Martian regolith imply that brines occur on Mars, which may have facilitated the oxidation of dissolved Fe(2+) ions after they were released during chemical weathering of basaltic ferromagnesian silicate and iron sulfide minerals. Calculations show that the rate of oxidation of Fe(2+) ions at -35 C in a 6M chloride-sulfate brine that might exist on Mars is about 10(exp 6) times slower that the oxidation rate of iron in ice-cold terrestrial seawater.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F; p 231-232
    Format: text
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-29
    Description: Implicit in the mnemonic 'MSATT' (Mars surface and atmosphere through time) is that rates of surface processes on Mars through time should be investigated, including studies of the kinetics and mechanism of oxidative weathering reactions occurring in the Martian regolith. Such measurements are described. Two major elements analyzed in the Viking Lander XRF experiment that are most vulnerable to atmospheric oxidation are iron and sulfur. Originally, they occurred as Fe(2+)-bearing silicate and sulfide minerals in basaltic rocks on the surface of Mars. However, chemical weathering reactions through time have produced ferric- and sulfate-bearing assemblages now visible in the Martian regolith. Such observations raise several question about: (1) when the oxidative weathering reactions took place on Mars; (2) whether or not the oxidized regolith is a fossilized remnant of past weathering processes; (3) deducting chemical interactions of the ancient Martian atmosphere with its surface from surviving phases; (4) possible weathering reactions still occurring in the frozen regolith; and (5) the kinetics and mechanism of past and present-day oxidative reactions on Mars. These questions may be addressed experimentally by studying reaction rates of dissolution and oxidation of basaltic minerals, and by identifying reaction products forming on the mineral surfaces. Results for the oxidation of pyrrhotite and dissolved ferrous iron are reported.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Workshop on the Martian Surface and Atmosphere Through Time; p 26-27
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Clay silicates, resulting from the chemical weathering of volcanic glasses and basaltic rocks of Mars, are generally believed to be major constituents of the martian regolith and atmospheric dust. Because little attention has been given to the role, if any, of Mg-bearing clay silicates on the martian surface, the crystal chemistry, stability, and reactivity of Mg-Fe smectites are examined. Partially dehydroxylated ferrian saponites are suggested to be major constituents of the surface of Mars, regulating several properties of the regolith.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., MSATT Workshop on Chemical Weathering on Mars; p 6-7
    Format: text
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Perhaps the most conspicuous indication that chemical weathering has occurred on the surface of Mars is the overall color of the red planet and the spectroscopic features that identify ferric-bearing assemblages in the martian regolith. Apparently, Fe(2+) ions in primary minerals in parent igneous rocks on the martian surface have been oxidized to ferric iron, which occurs in degradation products that now constitute the regolith. The mineralogy of the unweathered igneous rocks prior to weathering on the martian surface is reasonably well constrained, mainly as a result of petrographic studies of the SNC meteorites. However, the alteration products resulting from oxidative weathering of these rocks are less well-constrained. The topics covered include the following: primary rocks subjected to chemical weathering; dissolution processes; oxidation of dissolved Fe(2+); mechanism of polymerization of hydrous ferric oxides; terrestrial occurrences of ferromagnesian smectites; and dehydroxylated Mg-Fe smectites on Mars.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., MSATT Workshop on Chemical Weathering on Mars; p 8-9
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-08-27
    Description: A model of acid weathering is proposed for the iron-rich basalts on Mars. Aqueous oxidation of iron sulfides released SO4(2-) and H(+) ions that initiated the dissolution of basaltic ferromagnesian silicates and released Fe(2+) ions. The Fe(2+) ions eventually underwent ferrolysis reactions and produced insoluble hydrous ferric oxide phases. Measurements of the time-dependence of acid weathering reactions show that pyrrhotite is rapidly converted to pyrite plus dissolved ferrous iron, the rate of pyrite formation decreasing with rising pH and lower temperatures. On Mars, oxidation rates of dissolved Fe(2+) ions in equatorial melt-waters in contact with the atmosphere are estimated to lie in the range 0.3-3.0 ppb Fe/yr over the pH range 2 to 6. Oxidation of Fe(2+) ions is estimated to be extremely slow in brine eutectic solutions that might be present on Mars and to be negligible in the frozen regolith.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 98; E2; p. 3365-3372.
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