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  • Other Sources  (22)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The discovery of a 110-ms pulsar, PSR2127+11, in the globular cluster M15, is reported. The results of nine months of timing measurements place the new pulsar about 2 arcsec from the center of the cluster, and indicate that it is not a member of a close binary system. The measured negative value of the period derivative is probably the result of the pulsar being bodily accelerated in our direction by the gravitational field of the collapsed core of M15. This apparently overwhelms a positive contribution to the period derivative due to magnetic braking. Although the pulsar has an unexpectedly long period, it is argued that it belongs to the class of 'recycled' pulsars, which have been spun up by accretion in a binary system. The subsequent loss of the pulsar's companion is probably due to disruption of the system by close encounters with other stars.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 337; 531-533
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  • 2
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Techniques are described for accounting for relativistic effects in the analysis of pulsar signals. Design features of instrumentation used to achieve millisecond accuracy in the signal measurements are discussed. The accuracy of the data permits modeling the pulsar physical characteristics from the natural glitches in the emissions. Relativistic corrections are defined for adjusting for differences between the pulsar motion in its spacetime coordinate system relative to the terrestrial coordinate system, the earth's motion, and the gravitational potentials of solar system bodies. Modifications of the model to allow for a binary pulsar system are outlined, including treatment of the system as a point mass. Finally, a quadrupole model is presented for gravitational radiation and techniques are defined for using pulsars in the search for gravitational waves.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: Images of Sgr* A with milliarcsecond resolution obtained by using five telescopes of the partially completed Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) in conjunction with a few additional telescopes are presented. The image of Sgr A* at a wavelength of 3.6 cm confirms almost exactly the elliptical Gaussian model that has been proposed on the basis of previous data. The source size at 1.34 cm wavelength is 2.4 +/- 0.2 mas, similar to previous results. At both wavelengths, the radio source is smooth, without detectable fine structure. These observations support the suggestion that the radio emission from Sgr A* is strongly scattered by electron-density fluctuations along the line of sight. On the assumption that the emission is due to a black hole accreting stellar winds from massive stars in the central 0.5 pc, the observations are consistent with a black hole mass of less than about 2 million solar masses.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 362; 6415; p. 38-40.
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: Both average and individual pulse polarization measurements at 430 MHz are presented for three pulsars: PSR 0823 + 26, PSR 0834 + 06, and PSR 2303 + 30. In each case, the average Stokes parameter waveformes are found to depend on the individual pulse polarization properties in a complicated manner. The average waveforms are in general depolarized by pulse-to-pulse fluctuations in polarization state at a given longitude. Two of the three objects exhibit variations of both linear and circular polarization which are associated with quasi-periodic subpulse modulation phenomena in a manner similar to that reported for linear polarization in PSR 0809 + 74 by Taylor et al. (1971.).
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 188; Mar. 15
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The first detection of interference fringes by VLBI at a wavelength of 3.4 mm during observations of 3C84 are reported. The compact source in the nucleus of 3C84 was observed for a 9-hr period on the 485 km baseline between the Owens Valley Radio Observatory and the Hat Creek Observatory. The fringe data are given and the derivation of the correlated flux densities is described. The findings are discused in the context of previous obervations. The results demonstrate that there are no unforeseen technical difficulties associated with millimeter VLBI, and that the sensitivity of existing systems is sufficient to observe objects brighter than a few Jy. The observations are consistent with the millimeter wavelength radio structure of 3C84 being more compact than its centimeter wavelength structure.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 303; June 9
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  • 6
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Pulsar wave forms have been analyzed from observations conducted over a wide radio-frequency range to assess the wave-form morphologies and to measure wave-form widths. The results of the analysis compare favorably with the predictions of a model with a hollow-cone beam of fixed dimensions and with random orientation of both the observer and the cone axis with respect to the pulsar spin axis. A class of three-component wave forms is included in the model by adding a central pencil beam to the hollow-cone hypothesis. The consequences of a number of discrepancies between observations and quantitative predictions of the model are discussed.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 209; Nov. 1
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  • 7
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: An investigation of the intensity fluctuations of 28 pulsars near 0.4 GHz indicates that spectra of interstellar scintillation are consistent with a Gaussian shape, that scintillation indices are near unity, and that the scintillation bandwidth depends linearly on dispersion measure. Observations at cm wavelengths show that the observer is in the near field of the scattering medium for objects with the lowest dispersion measures, and confirm the steep dependence of correlation bandwidth on dispersion measure found by Sutton (1971). The variations of scattering parameters with dispersion measure may indicate that the rms deviation of thermal electron density on the scale of 10 to the 11th cm grows with path length through the galaxy.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics; 43; 3, Oc; Oct. 197
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-08-27
    Description: Six years of pulse time-of-arrival measurements have been collected from observations of the young, fast pulsar PSR B1951 + 32 in the CTB 80 supernova remnant using the Jodrell Bank and Arecibo radio telescopes. The combined data allow for the determination of a phase connected solution between 1987 August 21 and 1993 September 21. This solution provides an accurate rotational ephemeris for high energy x-ray and gamma-ray observations of this source made during the six years of radio timing observations to an accuracy of better than one tenth of a pulse period (4 ms). The pulsar has an activity parameter comparable with the value seen in the Crab pulsar.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: The Astronomical Journal (ISSN 0004-6256); 108; 1; p. 175-178
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-17
    Description: We have conducted a study of two rotation- powered pulsars that emit at both radio and x-ray wavelengths, PSR B0531+21 and PSR B1929+10. Using absolute phase information, we have phase-aligned x-ray and radio profiles from these pulsars. Observations were done using the Green Bank 140ft telescope, and ASCA. The 0531+21 X-ray profile is sharp and lines up well with the radio profile confirming that the X-ray emission from this pulsar is magnetospheric in origin. The 1929+10 profile is approximately sinusoidal with the peak of the emission arriving 67+/-23 degrees after the maximum in the radio emission. The controversy to which the PSR B1929+10 result adds fuel, is whether this "inter" -pulsar, is an "aligned" or "orthogonal" rotator -- describing the alignment of the magnetic axis to the rotation axis. Do the two peaks in the radio profile (the pulse and interpulse) come from a double crossing of a thin hollow cone nearly aligned with rotation axis, or alternatively do they come from from opposite poles of an "orthogonal" rotator where the spin axis is perpendicular to the magnetic axis? The radio to X-ray alignment we find favors the former explanation: if the X-ray hot spot is the result of return currents to the surface from the outward current that generates radio emission, then in the "double-crossing" model, the hot spot phase is expected to lie between the main pulse and interpulse as observed.
    Keywords: Space Radiation
    Type: The New X-Ray/Gamma-Ray Pulsars; 10; CAL-3332
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-10
    Description: We report the discovery with the 100m Green Bank Telescope of 65 ms radio pulsations from the X-ray pulsar J0205+6449 at the center of supernova remnant 3C58, making this possibly the youngest radio pulsar known. From our observations at frequencies of 820 and 1375 MHz, the free electron column density to USSR J0205+6449 is found to be 140.7 +/- 0.3/cc pc. The barycentric pulsar period P and P(dot) determined from a phase-coherent timing solution are consistent with the values previously measured from X-ray observations. The averaged radio profile of USSR J0205+6449 consists of one sharp pulse of width = 3 ms = 0.05 P. The pulsar is an exceedingly weak radio source, with pulse-averaged flux density in the 1400 MHz band of approximately 45 micro-Jy and a spectral index of approximately -2.1. Its radio luminosity of approximately 0.5 may kpc(exp 2) at 1400 MHz is lower than that of approximately 99% of known pulsar and is the lowest among known young pulsars.
    Keywords: Space Radiation
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